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Encyclopedia > Professional wrestling matches

Many types of matches can be found in professional wrestling. Some of them occur frequently, while others are developed so as to advance a storyline, and thus are contested only once. The following is a list of common or otherwise notable match types. Professional wrestling is generally any form of wrestling in which the wrestlers receive payment for participating. ...


Match types in professional wrestling are often either notable due to its frequent use, logistics of setup, or a memorable instance of such a match. Some one-time match types are often notable either they are used as a finale to a popular or infamous storyline, or the execution of a match itself.


Because professional wrestling is a type of performance art, many match types are variations of existing match types, and thus matches can be organized into several loose groupings.

Contents


Variations of singles matches

The standard wrestling match (or One Fall Match) involves two wrestlers attempting to win the match through either pinfall, submission, disqualification, or countout. Some consider countout, where a wrestler leaves the ring and does not return in the ring after a ten-count, a form of disqualification. In Japanese puroresu, the ten-count is usually extended to a count of twenty, but the same rules apply to a count out. Puroresu is Japanese professional wrestling, as seen in FMW, New Japan Pro Wrestling, and All Japan Pro Wrestling. ...


In matches where championships are on the line, the champion typically retains the title in a disqualification or countout finish (even if the champion loses the match) - Total Nonstop Action Wrestling is a notable exception. Often storylines with heel champions may attempt to protect their title reign by forcing disqualifications or countouts. Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) is an American professional wrestling promotion, founded by Jeff Jarrett and his father Jerry Jarrett in May 2002 and now owned by Panda Energy International. ... The heel is the prominence at the posterior end of the foot. ...


Some of the most common variations on the singles match is to restrict the possible means for victory: Pin only or Pinfall match where only pinfalls are permitted, Submission match where only submissions are permitted, and so forth. Another variation is a Time Limit match in which a match is contested until a time limit is reached or a wrestler achieves victory - in the event of the former, a separate method (audience reaction, "judges", or even a rematch) is used to determine the winner. Time Limit matches were invented during the vaudeville days of professional wrestling as a way to stop matches that would last well unto hours, boring the crowd. A Battle of Respect is often held in tribute to another wrestler, where all means of victory are removed (that is, wrestlers simply wrestle each other for a fixed amount of time, without victory taken into consideration). Vaudeville is a style of multi-act theatre which flourished in North America from the 1880s through the 1920s. ...


The following matches have their own articles due to them being commonplace, and thus information about these matches are in their own articles:

TNA Wrestling had a main event at TNA No Surrender 2005 for the NWA World Heavyweight Championship between Raven and Abyss with a "No Surrender" stipulation, meaning that neither competitor would be permitted to submit or give up. A barbed wire match is a professional wrestling match in which the ropes surrounding the ring are replaced by strands of barbed wire. ... An I Quit match is a type of professional wrestling match . ... An Iron Man match is a professional wrestling match where the man with the most pinfalls, submissions, count out and disqualification victories at the end of a given time limit is declared the winner. ... In professional wrestling, a Monsters Ball match is a multi-competitor hardcore match staged by the Total Nonstop Action Wrestling promotion. ... In professional wrestling, a two out of three falls match, or a best of three falls match, is a series of matches (often between two wrestlers or two teams of wrestlers), in which wrestlers attempt to win the majority of matches. ... Petey Williams and Chris Sabin (L to R) competing in Ultimate X6 An Ultimate X Match is a type of professional wrestling match popularized by Total Nonstop Action Wrestling. ... No Surrender 2005 was the ninth monthly professional wrestling pay-per-view event held by Total Nonstop Action Wrestling. ... The NWA World Heavyweight Championship The National Wrestling Alliance Worlds Heavyweight Championship is a title in professional wrestling. ... Scott Levy (born September 8, 1964 in Short Hills, New Jersey) is an American professional wrestler, better known by his ring name, Raven. ... Chris Parks (born October 4, 1973 in Washington, D.C.), better known by his ring name Abyss (labeled as The Monster of TNA Wrestling) is an American professional wrestler. ...


Blindfold Match

Sometimes one, usually both, competitors wear blindfolds and wrestle. Otherwise normal rules apply. An example of this is when Jake "The Snake" Roberts faced off against Rick Martel at WrestleMania VII. These matches usually take place, after one wrestler has "blinded" the other wrestler, like Rick Martel blinded Jake Roberts with perfume.


Catch-as-Catch-Can Match

Typically seen in the early 1900's, catch-as-catch-can matches allowed any hold given that hold is not intended to inflict injury. These matches thus typically contained mostly submission or amateur-style wrestling.


Sometimes, this match is altered to stipulate that a wrestler may lose by going to or being forced to the arena floor, like in a battle royal. A recent example of this type of match is the infamous match between Dean Malenko and Billy Kidman during WCW's Souled Out 2000 PPV, where Malenko loses two minutes in by forgetting the rules and escaping to the floor after a Kidman onslaught. Dean Simon (born August 4, 1960 in Tampa, Florida) is a professional wrestler best known under the ring name Dean Malenko. ... Peter Gruner (born May 11, 1974 in Allentown, Pennsylvania) is a professional wrestler on the World Wrestling Entertainments Smackdown! Brand, best known by his stage name of Billy Kidman. ... Souled Out was a WCW PPV in the month of January from 1997 through 2000. ...


Empty Arena Match

A hardcore match that consists of two (or more) wrestlers fighting in an empty arena with a referee and no spectators. The match is either taped and broadcast for fans to watch afterwards or aired live from one or two cameras which follows the wrestlers around the arena. Due to the expense of these matches (having to rent an arena and not selling tickets to the show) these matches are extremely rare.


Falls Count Anywhere Match

In the standard match, a pinfall or submission can only win the match when it is performed inside the ring. However, in a Falls Count Anywhere match, this does not apply. As such, this also implies that wrestlers cannot lose as a result of countout. The "Falls Count Anywhere" is somewhat of a misnomer in the fact that wrestlers may still be disqualified (but not counted out) for leaving the arena where the match is to be held (this, of course, may vary between promotion). However, it is to be noted that, as the match may take place in various parts of the arena, the "Falls Count Anywhere" provision may be one of many stipulations in a match - it is commonly paired with "No Disqualifications" to form the hardcore match, so as to allow wrestlers the convenience to use foreign objects that may lie wherever they may wrestle. Hardcore wrestling (also known as garbage wrestling) is a form of professional wrestling that eschews traditional concepts of match rules in favor of matches that take place in unusual environments, using foreign objects that are not normally permitted. ... A foreign object is a professional wrestling term for an object introduced into the match. ...


Another variation of the rules state that once a pinfall takes place, the pinned wrestler must return to the ring within a specific amount of time or else lose. If the pinned wrestler makes it to the ring in this time, the match continues. Under these rules, all pinfalls must take place outside the ring technicly making the match no longer falls count anywhere.


Flag Match

The Flag Match is essentially the professional wrestling version of capture the flag, in which there are two flags on opposite turnbuckles in the ring, with one wrestler defending one flag while attempting to get the other. Capture the flag is a traditional outdoor game often played by children where two teams each have a flag and the objective is to capture the other teams flag, located at the teams base, and bring it back to their own base. ...


A variation of the Flag Match can be a regular one-fall-to-a-finish match between 2 wrestlers, each usually representing a different promotion, fighting for the right to raise the flag of their respected promotion. This variation was used at Extreme Championship Wrestling November to Remember 1997 in a match between Rob Van Dam (representing the World Wrestling Federation) and Tommy Dreamer (representing Extreme Championship Wrestling). Extreme Championship Wrestling (ECW) was a ground-breaking and influential professional wrestling promotion that was founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1992 by Tod Gordon, and closed when his successor, Paul Heyman, declared bankruptcy in April 2001. ... November To Remember (normally abbreviated to N2R) was an Eastern Championship Wrestling and Extreme Championship Wrestling show (and, later, pay per view) held annually during the month of November between 1993 and 2000. ... Robert Alexander Szatkowski (born December 18, 1970 in Battle Creek, Michigan) is an American professional wrestler, better known by his ring name, Rob Van Dam (abbreviated to RVD). ... World Wrestling Entertainment, or WWE, is a professional wrestling organization. ... Thomas Laughlin (born February 14, 1971) is an American professional wrestler currently working for World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE) under its Extreme Championship Wrestling (ECW) brand. ... Extreme Championship Wrestling (ECW) was a ground-breaking and influential professional wrestling promotion that was founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1992 by Tod Gordon, and closed when his successor, Paul Heyman, declared bankruptcy in April 2001. ...


An "Anthem Match" is a Flag Match with the stipulation of a national anthem being played for the winners, after the match.


Handicap Match

A match in which one wrestler or one team of wrestlers faces another team of wrestlers with numerical superiority. For example, two wrestlers against one.


Hangman's Horror Match

The objective in this match is to choke the opponent with a dog collar, which is hanging from the ring post, until they can no longer continue. This match was created by Raven to end his feud with Vampiro. Scott Levy (born September 8, 1964 in Short Hills, New Jersey) is an American professional wrestler, better known by his ring name, Raven. ... Vampiro Ian Hodgkinson (born May 30, 1967 in Thunder Bay, Ontario) is a Canadian professional wrestler better known by his stage name of Vampiro. ...


Inferno Match

In this match fire surrounds the ring and the only way to win is to set the opponent on fire. The most famous match of this type was between The Undertaker and Kane. Mark William Calaway (born March 24, 1965 in Houston, Texas) is an American professional wrestler better known by his ring name, The Undertaker. ... Glen Thomas Jacobs (born April 26, 1968 in Madrid, Spain, but raised near Nashville, Tennessee, USA, currently residing in Knoxville, Tennessee) is an American professional wrestler. ...


Iron Man Match

Main article: Iron Man match

An Iron Man match is a professional wrestling match where the man with the most pinfalls, submissions, count out and disqualification victories at the end of a given time limit is declared the winner. Should the match result in a tie, sudden death overtime may be requested by either wrestler, often accepted (or rejected) by either an opponent or a higher (on-screen) wrestling authority. An Iron Man match is a professional wrestling match where the man with the most pinfalls, submissions, count out and disqualification victories at the end of a given time limit is declared the winner. ...


Lumberjack Match

A Lumberjack match is a match in which the ring is surrounded by a group of fellow wrestlers, known collectively as the lumberjacks, who are there ostensibly to prevent either of the competitors from leaving the ring (avoiding a beating and, in the process, taking a count out loss).


A typical lumberjack arrangement involve a mixture of faces and heels, generally on opposite sides of the ring, in which the lumberjacks will only choose to attack the participants of opposite alignment. Lumberjacks are not forced into attacking any participant, and may attack each other, depending on storyline progression and current alliance. Another arrangement is to have an all-heel group of lumberjacks, which will attack only face competitors (in an effort to have the face lose by countout) while trying to help the heel back into the ring as soon as possible (to avoid countout). In professional wrestling, a heel is a villain character who is portrayed as behaving in an immoral manner; sometimes they are humourously referred to as evil. ...


Keeping with the lumberjack theme, many early lumberjack matches featured the lumberjacks wearing stereotypical lumberjack clothing, though this generally is not done nowadays.


A variation of this match is called a Canadian Lumberjack Match, in which the lumberjacks are equipped with leather straps. When the lumberjacks are all female, the match is known as a Lumberjill Match.


Another variation is when Spirt Squad, of the WWE, are lumberjacks the match is known as a Spirit-Jack match.


(Move) Match

The objective in this match is to perform a specific move. Usually a signature move of the wrestlers is selected, although on occasion it will be a generic move (i.e. bodyslam) that is notoriously hard to perform on both wrestlers. The match usually takes the name of the target move (i.e. Chokeslam Challenge, Bodyslam match) or is more genericized to "Finisher Match" if both wrestlers are trying to perform their finisher for the win. Sometimes this stipulation is used in a feud with wrestlers whose finishers are the same or similar.


(x) Rules Match

A Rules Match is a match where one wrestler (usually the heel) will challenge another wrestler to a match under specific rules (i.e. Canadian, Duchess Of Queensbury, English) without actually going into detail on what those rules are or mean. During the match the challenging wrestler will usually have a second sitting at ringside to announce rules and rule changes which will favor that wrestler. If there is no second it's not unusual for the challenging wrestler to just walk out of the ring and tell the new rule to the ring announcer who will announce it over the PA.


Scaffold Match

This match takes place on a scaffold above the ring. The two ways to win the match are to push the opponent off of the scaffold so that he/she hits the mat or to grab the flag from the opponent's home base of the scaffold and return it to one's own home base. Some variations include putting weapons or objects into the ring for when the opponent lands, for example card tables. The scaffold is not very wide, meaning wrestling moves are rarely done during these matches and stay a kick/punch affair.


Another variation, called a Scaffold Cage Match, is when the wrestlers beat each other until one is knocked off of the scaffold and into the ring. The ring is surrounded by a high steel cage and the only way to win is by pinfall.


Special Referee

Also known as Special Guest Referee is any match in which the usual referee is replaced with a "guest" filling in as the official. Celebrities (such as Muhammed Ali in the main event of WrestleMania I) , managers and other wrestlers can "guest" as the special referee. In some cases, a special referee is put into a match which is already a different match type or stipulation (for example: Hell in a Cell with a Special Referee). The special referee will often be biased towards or against one of the competitors or will be assigned as the Special Referee to ensure the match is called down the line. Muhammad Ali-Haj (born January 17, 1942 as Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr. ... WrestleMania I was the inagural supercard event in the WWF/WWEs annual series of WrestleMania events. ...

Special Outside Referee:
Also known as Special Enforcer or Special Guest Enforcer is same as the Special Referee but the guest referee stays on the outside enforcing what the normal referee doesn't see. These guests are sometimes known as "enforcers", the most famous of which was Mike Tyson who served as the Special Guest Enforcer for the Steve Austin/Shawn Michaels WWF title match at WrestleMania XIV, and Chuck Norris who served as Special Guest Enforcer at Survivor Series 1994 in a match between Undertaker and Yokozuna.

Michael Gerard Tyson (born June 30, 1966, Brooklyn, New York, USA) is a former American professional boxer and World Heavyweight Champion, and is considered by many to be one of the greatest heavyweight boxers of all time. ... Chuck Norris reciving the Veteran of the Year award by the U.S Air Force Carlos Ray Chuck Norris (born March 10, 1940) is an American martial artist, action star, and Hollywood actor. ...

Strip Matches

There are two kinds of matches which are contested where a wrestler can win without pinfalls but by stripping their opponent of their clothing.


Historically, these types of matches were contested between managers or valets, due to their supposed lack of wrestling ability. Because of this, and the fact that few divas are trained in wrestling (or advanced enough in their training that they can have a full match), many refer to this type match derogatively as a "diva match", because little actual wrestling is involved. Also as a result, post-match antics where all other competitors (occasionally the referee as well) are stripped down to their underwear are also common.


Bra and Panties Match

The Bra and Panties Match, contested between female wrestlers (and or valets), is one such match where wrestlers are forced to strip their opponent down to their underwear. The clothing involved may vary, and the match may take the name of such clothing - for example, the Evening Gown Match will have wrestlers trying to remove the opponent's evening gown. An evening gown or gown is the general name given to a ladys dress worn to a formal affair. ...


In some extreme promotions, a variation known as the Buck Naked Match exists where the objective is to remove all the clothing from an opponent, leaving the opponent nude.


A Bra and Panties Match (or its variations) may also refer to a match where wrestlers are required to strip down to their underwear before the match, with everything afterwards proceeding normally.


Tuxedo Match

The Tuxedo Match, usually contested between male managers (and the occasional ring announcer), is the precursor to the Bra And Panties Match. It takes its name from the idea that both competitors will be dressed in a full tuxedo at the outset of the match. These matches were popular in the 1980s. A wrestler won by stripping his opponent of his tuxedo.


Two out of Three Falls

A Two out of Three Falls match is a match where in order to win a wrestler must beat their opponent (by pinfall, submission or disqualification) not once but twice. In professional wrestling, a two out of three falls match, or a best of three falls match, is a series of matches (often between two wrestlers or two teams of wrestlers), in which wrestlers attempt to win the majority of matches. ...


These matches have a long history in Pro Wrestling and are generally used when one wrestler challenges another on the grounds of wrestling skill above all else.


Non-wrestling Singles Variations

Some matches do not actually involve wrestling, instead relying on other sports or physical activity to determine a winner and a loser. Common types of matches include arm wrestling, boxing, kickboxing, mixed martial arts, and sumo. Arm wrestling, also known in Italy as Roughanalé (Rō-fən-ǎlā), is an athletic contest in which two people place either their right elbows or their left elbows on a table, grip their hands, and try to force back the other persons hand to the table surface. ... Professional boxing bout featuring Ricardo Domínguez (left) versus Rafael Ortíz Boxing, also called pugilism, Western Boxing, prizefighting (when referring to professional boxing) or the sweet science (a common nickname among fans), is a sport in which two participants of similar weight fight each other with their fists in... Kicking to left side Kickboxing is a generic term for a sporting martial art that, while similar to boxing, uses the feet as well as the hands for striking. ... Mixed martial arts (MMA) is a combat sport in which two competitors attempt to achieve dominance over one another by utilizing a wide variety of permitted martial arts techniques, including striking and grappling. ... Sumo ) is a competition contact sport where two wrestlers or rikishi face off in a circular area. ...


Arm Wrestling Match

A basic arm wrestling contest. Can be contested between two Divas, two male competitors (often to show off the strength) or between one male and one female. Often the male in the latter will be a manager going against the wrestler of a competitor. Arm wrestling, also known in Italy as Roughanalé (Rō-fən-ǎlā), is an athletic contest in which two people place either their right elbows or their left elbows on a table, grip their hands, and try to force back the other persons hand to the table surface. ... A WWE Diva Poster In professional wrestling, a Diva is a term used by World Wrestling Entertainment for a beautiful woman employed primarily as a wrestler and sometimes eye candy. Although diva is a relatively new term in the wrestling community, promotions have been using women as managers or wrestlers...


Boxing Match

Standard boxing rules apply, although nearly every one of these matches ends with somebody breaking the rules and wrestling or fighting in a manner outside of boxing (and typically getting away with it). Professional boxing bout featuring Ricardo Domínguez (left) versus Rafael Ortíz Boxing, also called pugilism, Western Boxing, prizefighting (when referring to professional boxing) or the sweet science (a common nickname among fans), is a sport in which two participants of similar weight fight each other with their fists in...


Pillow Fight

A match between two women in which pillows and a bed are placed in the ring. The pillows may be used as weapons, and standard wrestling rules apply, although this kind of match ordinarily features little to no wrestling. This article does not cite its references or sources. ...

Lingerie Pillow Fight:
A variation on the pillow fight wherein the participants wear lingerie.

Sumo Match

The ropes are removed from the ring and standard sumo wrestling rules apply: the first to step outside of the ring or to touch the mat with any part of their body but the soles of the feet is the loser. As would be expected, these matches are much shorter than standard professional wrestling bouts. The most famous match of this kind in WWE happened at WrestleMania 21 between The Big Show and Sumo Grand Champion, Akebono. Sumo ) is a competition contact sport where two wrestlers or rikishi face off in a circular area. ... Sumo ) is a competition contact sport where two wrestlers or rikishi face off in a circular area. ... World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. ... WrestleMania 21 was the twenty-first annual WrestleMania professional wrestling pay-per-view produced by World Wrestling Entertainment. ... Paul Wight, Jr. ... Yokozuna Akebono is fitted with a tsuna belt for the last time at his retirement ceremony. ...


Hardcore-based Variations

Main article: Hardcore wrestling

Hardcore wrestling is often termed as a form of wrestling where some, or, more often than not, all of the traditional grounds of wrestling need not apply. As such, the primary rule of hardcore wrestling is that there are no disqualifications nor countouts - that is, the usual rules of professional wrestling need not (and often do not) apply. Some promotions, such as Extreme Championship Wrestling and Combat Zone Wrestling, specialize in hardcore matches, and "standard" non-hardcore matches are rare. Hardcore wrestling (also known as garbage wrestling) is a form of professional wrestling that eschews traditional concepts of match rules in favor of matches that take place in unusual environments, using foreign objects that are not normally permitted. ... Hardcore wrestling (also known as garbage wrestling) is a form of professional wrestling that eschews traditional concepts of match rules in favor of matches that take place in unusual environments, using foreign objects that are not normally permitted. ... Extreme Championship Wrestling (ECW) was a ground-breaking and influential professional wrestling promotion that was founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1992 by Tod Gordon, and closed when his successor, Paul Heyman, declared bankruptcy in April 2001. ... Combat Zone Wrestling (CZW) began as a professional wrestling company run by John Zandig. ...


The standard hardcore match, as defined by WWE, is one combining the no-disqualification rule with "Falls Count Anywhere". Because of the generally chaotic nature of the standard hardcore match, many so-called "match types" are merely euphemisms for a hardcore match, often to emphasize certain aspects of hardcore wrestling. A common such euphemism is the Death Match, used to promote the often brutal injuries that wrestlers may have to endure in such a match. Because of this, hardcore matches are most often remembered for the potentially dangerous spots rather than the final outcome. A euphemism is an expression intended by the speaker to be less offensive, disturbing, or troubling to the listener than the word or phrase it replaces, or in the case of doublespeak to make it less troublesome for the speaker. ...


A common euphemism employed for a hardcore match is a Street Fight, where wrestlers would supposedly wrestle in the clothes that they came into the arena with, rather than in standard wrestling gear. ECW Rules Matches are also sometimes used by the WWE to try and capture the essence of Extreme Championship Wrestling (especially when promoting ECW-type events or wrestlers with a heavy ECW background), where all matches were done in this manner. Other euphimisms for hardcore-style matches include the Bunkhouse Brawl, the No Holds Barred match, the Unsanctioned match and the Good Housekeeping match, the last of which was used to emphasize the use of kitchen implements as legal foreign objects. Extreme Championship Wrestling (ECW) was a ground-breaking and influential professional wrestling promotion that was founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1992 by Tod Gordon, and closed when his successor, Paul Heyman, declared bankruptcy in April 2001. ... A foreign object is a professional wrestling term for an object introduced into the match. ...


Because of the no-disqualification rule, a common finish to such a match is the cluster, in which wrestlers (most of which are not involved in the match nor the storyline behind it) run-in and brawl amongst each other. This is often used to announce the end of a show, with the match ending in a no-decision.


While in WCW the wrestler Raven used Raven's Rules to denote a hardcore match. He usually brought out a shopping cart full of various weapons. Scott Levy (born September 8, 1964 in Short Hills, New Jersey) is an American professional wrestler, better known by his ring name, Raven. ...


World Championship Wrestling also created their own specific brand of hardcore matches wherein the bouts were to begin in the backstage rather than in the ring (although typically matches would end inside the ring). This rule became the basis for the unpopular video game WCW Backstage Assault. World Championship Wrestling or WCW, was a professional wrestling promotion that was based in Atlanta and existed from 1986 to 2001. ... WCW Backstage Assault is a video game by Electronic Arts. ...


First Blood Match

The First Blood match is a hardcore-style match where in order to win a wrestler has to make his opponent bleed. Wrestlers rarely "juice hardway" in such a match - instead the match is generally booked so as to have the loser perform a blade job (cut themself). The winner of this match, is the first to cause his or her opponent to bleed profusely. ... In professional wrestling, juicing or color is the slang term for bleeding. ... Professional wrestling has accrued a considerable amount of slang, in-references and jargon. ...


Last Man Standing Match

The Last Man Standing Match is a hardcore-style match where the only way to win is by knockout. That is, a wrestler will lose the match if they are unable to answer a ten-count after either being knocked down (or in some cases after being pinned), in the style of boxing matches. It is sometimes known as a Texas Death Match when hardcore aspects are to be emphasized. Knockout (also referred to as a K.O. or knock), is a winning criterion in several full-contact combat sports, such as boxing, kickboxing, Muay Thai and others sports involving striking. ... Professional boxing bout featuring Ricardo Domínguez (left) versus Rafael Ortíz Boxing, also called pugilism, Western Boxing, prizefighting (when referring to professional boxing) or the sweet science (a common nickname among fans), is a sport in which two participants of similar weight fight each other with their fists in... Hardcore wrestling (also known as garbage wrestling) is a form of professional wrestling that eschews traditional concepts of match rules in favor of matches that take place in unusual environments, using foreign objects that are not normally permitted. ...


No Disqualification Match

Although there is no semantic difference between standard hardcore matches and simple no-disqualification matches, a No Disqualification match is considered low-key by comparison, with disqualification-worthy material limited to run-ins and the introduction of ringside foreign objects. In professional wrestling, a run-in occurs when one or more individuals who are not actively participating in a match run into the ring. ... A foreign object is a professional wrestling term for an object introduced into the match. ...


Sometimes, a No Disqualification Match is held between valets, or a valet and a wrestler, where it is implied that wrestlers will run-in and "defend" their valets.


Sadistic Madness

Sadistic Madness is a Total Nonstop Action Wrestling specialty match, in which the object is to make an opponent bleed before pinning them. A pinfall on a wrestler who is not bleeding does not count towards victory. Typically, all of the contestants involved will be bleeding before anyone is pinned. Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) is an American professional wrestling promotion, founded by Jeff Jarrett and his father Jerry Jarrett in May 2002 and now owned by Panda Energy International. ...


No Count-Out

A No Count-Out match is a singles match where both competitors can stay outside of the ring longer than the standard 10 seconds.


Stipulation-based Variations

As professional wrestling seeks to also tell a story, many matches are made mainly for the purposes of advancing the plot. This typically involves the loser of a match of some form being penalized for losing (Usually in the matches with humiliating consequences for the loser). The most common types of such matches are:


Loser Leaves Town match

The loser of the match must leave either the town or promotion the match was held in and not return. This was often held in regional promotions when a wrestler was leaving the company to explain their disappearance.


Luchas de Apuestas

Any match where both wrestlers have put something on the line such as a title or mask. They are more popular in Mexico, where Masks and Hair are considered a part of a wrestlers pride and are often put on the line, but they do happen from time to time in Japan and the United States. Some variations follow. In any case of a draw, both wrestlers lose what they put up. Luchas de Apuestas translates verbatim to English to mean fight of bets. Verbatim has several meanings. ...

Hair v. Mask Match:
A wrestler with hair, usually long hair, wrestles a masked wrestler. The loser is either unmasked or his head is shaved or cut short. This usually takes place in Mexico, where it is called Máscara contra Cabellera.
Hair v. Hair Match:
The loser of the match gets his head shaved or cut short. In Mexico, this is called Cabellera contra Cabellera (verbatim Spanish for scalp against scalp).
Hair vs. Title Match:
The loser either loses their title or get their hair shaved.
Mask v. Mask Match:
The loser of the match is unmasked. In Mexico, this is called Máscara contra Máscara.
In Mexico this can be the most important match in a wrestler's career, since almost every wrestler begins their career masked, except in extremely exceptional circumstances (See Rey Mysterio). Only a few of the greatest wrestlers will keep their mask their entire career, such as Mil Máscaras and El Hijo del Santo. In Mexico, by law, once a wrestler is unmasked they may never wear a mask as that character again. The Box y Lucha commissions fine heavily for infractions and have suspended licenses. There are, however, occasional gimmick shows where wrestlers are allowed to wear their masks after losing them (after getting it cleared first).
Mask vs. Title Match:
The loser either gives up the title or takes off their mask.

Rey Mysterio redirects here. ... Aaron Rodríguez (born July 15, 1942), best known as Mil Máscaras (meaning Man of a Thousand Masks in Spanish), is a Mexican professional wrestler. ... El Hijo del Santo (The Son of the Saint) is a Mexican professional wrestler and one of the most successful stars in Lucha Libre. ...

Retirement Match

Although a retirement match is often held for a wrestler retiring from professional wrestling to honor the wrestler, in storylines a retirement match denotes a match where the loser is forced into retirement. An individual can face termination of employment, or job loss, for one of many reasons. ...


The loser often does not retire for real. Instead, it often gives that wrestler time to fulfill other obligations – such as tending to personal matters or filming a movie – or to heal from a legitimate injury. An example of this was Mick "Mankind" Foley who lost a retirement Hell in a Cell match to Triple H at No Way Out 2000 to write his book Tietam Brown. That wrestler then returns at a later date, either with his former persona or with a new gimmick. Sometimes, however, a "retirement match" is that wrestler's last match in a particular promotion; in that case, it is because he/she is departing for a rival organization. One of the most famous retirement matches was the one between Ultimate Warrior and Randy Savage at WrestleMania VII. In professional wrestling, kayfabe (pronounced KAY-fayb; IPA: ) refers to the portrayal of events within the industry as real, that is the portrayal of professional wrestling as not staged or worked. ... Mick Foley (born Michael Francis Foley on June 7, 1965 in Bloomington, Indiana) is an American professional wrestler and author. ... Paul Michael Levesque (born July 27, 1969 in Nashua, New Hampshire) is an American professional wrestler, better known by his ring name, Triple H, an abbreviation for his former ring name, Hunter Hearst Helmsley. ... Tietam Brown is WWE wrestler Mick Foleys first novel, published in 2003. ... In professional wrestling, a gimmick is slang that refers to a wrestlers on-screen personality. ... Warrior (born Brian James Hellwig on June 16, 1959 in Crawfordsville, Indiana) is a former American professional wrestler known to many as The Ultimate Warrior, one of the most controversial and well-known characters in the history of the wrestling industry. ... Randall Mario Poffo, (born November 15, 1952 in Columbus, Ohio), better known by his ring name Macho Man Randy Savage (and alternately Randy Macho Man Savage), is a professional wrestler who achieved prominence in the World Wrestling Federation and later World Championship Wrestling. ... WrestleMania VII was the seventh annual WrestleMania professional wrestling pay-per-view event from the World Wrestling Federation. ...


Related in concept is the Pink Slip Match or a You're Fired Match, where the loser is fired. Much like the retirement match, the wrestler is rarely fired for real, and may return at a later date. An Object on a Pole Match with such a stipulation is known as a Pink Slip on a Pole Match. An individual can face termination of employment, or job loss, for one of many reasons. ...


Locale-based Variations

Some matches may take place outside of a traditional ring (or other enclosure), and in a different setting. These matches are often hardcore in nature. There is no standard nomenclature for these matches, although many are known as "brawls" rather than "matches" for emphasis, and they often take the name of the locale as part of the name of the match.


The following is a list of locale-based variations that supplant or replace the standard rules.


A variation of this match is called a Southside Scuffle in which two wrestlers fight in a back alley with either sides blocked off by other wrestlers. Another variation of this match is called a Harbor Brawl in which the wrestlers battle near or on a dock. The first wrestler to either win by knockout or throw their opponent in the water is declared the winner.


Another variation is the Iron Circle Match. Although rare, one occurred at WWE Fully Loaded 1999, when Ken Shamrock fought Steve Blackman in a Iron Circle. The Iron Circle referred to a circle of cars in a parking lot, with the object of the match being to get out of the circle. Ken Shamrock (born Kenneth Wayne Kilpatrick on February 11, 1964 in Macon, Georgia) is an American mixed martial arts fighter. ... Steve Blackman (born September 28, 1963 in Annville, Pennsylvania) is a former professional wrestler who most notably worked for the World Wrestling Federation as The Lethal Weapon Steve Blackman. ...


A Junkyard Match, similar to an Iron Circle match, occurred at WCW Bash At The Beach 1999, where the match took place within a Junkyard surrounded by a steel fence. The Junkyard included cars, burning oil drums, tyres, and many other dangerous objects. To win, the wrestler had to climb out of the area via the fence, similar to the winning method of the traditional Cage Match.


Bar Room Brawl

The Bar room brawl is held in a bar, which combines hardcore wrestling with drinking contests. A wrestler loses the match if they either are defeated in either the wrestling or the drinking contest aspects. Tourists sit outside a bar in Chiang Mai, Thailand A Depression-era bar in Louisiana. ...


Boiler Room Brawl

Main article: Boiler Room Brawl

The winner is the first man to escape the boiler room. Any weapons found in the room can be used. During Jerry Flynn's stint in World Championship Wrestling, this match was known as "The Block". A Boiler Room Brawl is a professional wrestling match type. ... Jerry Flynn is a professional wrestler who once worked for WCW. Profile Hometown: Clearwater, Florida Height & Weight: 62 - 270lbs Trained by: Dean Malenko Previous Gimmicks: Lightning Foot Finishing/Trademark moves Cross arm breaker Savate Kick See also The First Family Categories: Professional wrestling stubs | Professional wrestlers | People from Florida... World Championship Wrestling or WCW, was a professional wrestling promotion that was based in Atlanta and existed from 1986 to 2001. ...


King of the Road

The King of the Road match was a match held at WCW's 1995 Uncensored pay-per-view. It was contested on the flatbed of a moving semi-trailer truck which drove up to 55 MPH. The participants started the match at the back of the flatbed with the object being to advance to the front of the flatbed to reach a horn. The first wrestler to blow the bullhorn won the match. Uncensored was an annual PPV in World Championship Wrestling held in the month of March from 1995 through 2000. ...


Parking Lot Brawl

A Parking Lot Brawl is similar to an Iron Circle match where the combatants are surrounded by cars, the winner is determined by pinfall.


Container-based Variations

Some matches have a large container, such as a dumpster, stationed in or near the ring, and the object of the match is to trap opposing wrestlers in them. Many of these matches take the name of the container, such as the Casket Match and Ambulance Match. A similar type of match aims to restrain opposing wrestlers somehow, and the match often takes the name of the restraining device - for example, the Stretcher Match or the Handcuff Match.


These matches are often fought using hardcore rules, or at the very least rules that allow wrestlers to do more without being disqualified. In team matches, a team typically loses when all of its members are individually eliminated. Hardcore wrestling (also known as garbage wrestling) is a form of professional wrestling that eschews traditional concepts of match rules in favor of matches that take place in unusual environments, using foreign objects that are not normally permitted. ...


In some cases the restrained wrestler must be taken past a certain point ringside in order for a victory.


Common matches include:

In addition, another variant is the Buried Alive Match, where a wrestler must be buried under dirt for victory. Ambulance An ambulance is a vehicle designated for the transport of sick or injured people. ... A Buddhist-style japanese hearse A hearse is a funeral vehicle, a conveyance for the coffin from e. ... A coffin (which some call a casket) is a box used for the display and burial or cremation of a cadaver. ... A dumpster awaiting pick-up A dumpster is a large trash receptacle, and a type of mobile garbage bin or MGB. Many businesses, apartment buildings, offices, and industrial sites will have one or multiple dumpsters to store the waste that they generate. ... A Posey seen from the rear (with some added restraints) A leather straitjacket A straitjacket is a garment shaped like a jacket with overlong sleeves. ... First responders using a stretcher (profile). ... A Buried Alive Match is a type of professional wrestling match occasionally seen in World Wrestling Entertainment. ...


A Coffin Match is a toned-down version of the Casket Match. Victory is not obtained by placing the opponent in the coffin (as in a Casket Match) but by pinfall or submission. However, the defeated wrestler is then placed into the coffin.


Weapon-based Variations

As the use of foreign objects is typically illegal in standard rules, matches have been specifically made so as to allow for certain objects, perhaps under certain conditions. The nature of the weapons that are allowed also provide for different rules to be implemented. A foreign object is a professional wrestling term for an object introduced into the match. ...


When a match involves a certain weapon being made legal, the name of the match will take the name of the weapon: for example, a Chairs Match will have chairs allowed as a legal weapon, while a Singapore Cane Match will allow for the use of Singapore canes. Typically, all other standard rules (pinfall, submission, etc.) apply. A shinai (Japanese:竹刀) is a practice sword used in Kendo, Kenjutsu and other forms of Japanese martial arts. ...


The following is a list of weapon-based matches where additional rules supplant or replace the standard rules.


Handcuff Match

Handcuff Matches are matches in which wrestlers first attempt to retrieve a pair of handcuffs and then handcuff the opposing wrestler, often to a ring fixture, but sometimes so that the opposing wrestler is unable to make use of their hands. A pair of metal double-locking police handcuffs A woman cuffed with handcuffs and thumbcuffs Handcuffs are devices to secure two wrists close together. ...


Ladder match

Further information: Ladder match

A Ladder Match is a match where a specific object is placed above the ring and out of the reach of the competitors with the winner being the first person to climb a ladder and retrieve it. A ladder match is a type of match used in professional wrestling that is used to refer to two distinct concepts: the first is an Extreme Championship Wrestling specialty, in which standard rules apply, except that ladders can be used as legal foreign objects. ...


King of the Mountain Match

Further information: King of the Mountain match

The King of the Mountain Match is a "reverse ladder match" contested exclusively in TNA at their Slammiversary Pay-Per-View. The object of the match is for a wrestler to hang a title belt above the ring by climbing a ladder. However, to become eligible to hang the belt they must first pin one of their opponents. Jeff Jarrett won the first King of the Mountain match at a TNA weekly pay-per-view on June 2, 2004. ...


(Object) on a Pole Match

The (Object) on a Pole Match is similar to a ladder match, except that the object in question is placed on a pole extending from one of the ring turnbuckles. Like a ladder match, if the object involved is storyline-related, the winner is the one who first retrieves the object, and if a foreign object is at the turnbuckle, then the wrestler who retrieves it may use it as part of the match's second phase. A foreign object is a professional wrestling term for an object introduced into the match. ...


In some promotions multiple poles and multiple objects may be used, so that each side may have weapon privileges. One notable match in this manner is the Hockey Stick Fight, a Total Nonstop Action Wrestling match in which all six turnbuckles have hockey sticks. In some cases, one turnbuckle may have a storyline object (which immediately ends the match) while others may have foreign objects - an example is the World Championship Wrestling specialty San Francisco 49er Match, where the WCW World Heavyweight Championship and three foreign objects were placed in boxes under the four turnbuckles. Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) is an American professional wrestling promotion, founded by Jeff Jarrett and his father Jerry Jarrett in May 2002 and now owned by Panda Energy International. ... World Championship Wrestling or WCW, was a professional wrestling promotion that was based in Atlanta and existed from 1986 to 2001. ... WCW World Heavyweight Championship belt (1994-2001) The WCW World Heavyweight Championship was the primary championship in the World Championship Wrestling professional wrestling organization. ...


The name of this match often takes the name of the item that is placed from the pole - for example, a title shot decided in this manner would be known as a Contract on a Pole Match, while a set of brass knuckles atop the pole would be known as a Brass Knuckles on a Pole match. Categories: Weapon stubs | M e weapons ...


When the object on the pole is a weapon retrieving it usually doesn't end the match, but allow that wrestler to use the weapon on their opponent.


In some cases the pole may be omitted from the name of the match, creating ambiguity. One such example is the Biker Chain Match between The Undertaker and Brock Lesnar, which a chain was suspended from a pole, rather than the more-common match in which chains are used as legal foreign objects. Mark William Calaway (born March 24, 1965 in Houston, Texas) is an American professional wrestler better known by his ring name, The Undertaker. ... Brock Edward Lesnar (born July 12, 1977 in Webster, South Dakota) is an American professional wrestler, former professional American football player and aspiring mixed martial artist. ...


The pole itself may be replaced by anything similar that puts the object above a turnbuckle: an example of this was on August 13, 2000, in the WCW New Blood Rising pay-per-view. There, in a match between Buff Bagwell and Chris Kanyon, the pole was replaced by a forklift, and the "object" held therein was Judy Bagwell, Buff's mother. Thus, the match became known as the Judy Bagwell on a Forklift Match. August 13 is the 225th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (226th in leap years), with 140 days remaining. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... New Blood Rising was a PPV in World Championship Wrestling in 2000, 7 months before WCW folded. ... Marcus Alexander Bagwell, better known by his ring name, Buff Bagwell, is an American professional wrestler. ... Chris Klucsaritis (born January 4, 1970 in the Sunnyside, Queens neighborhood of the City of New York, New York) is an American professional wrestler, best known for his work in World Championship Wrestling and the World Wrestling Federation as Chris Kanyon. ... US airman operates forklift at a truck A forklift is a powered industrial truck used to hoist and transport materials by means of steel forks inserted under the load. ...


Tables Match

In a Tables Match, the object is to put opposing wrestlers through tables - that is, manipulate them in such a way that the table is broken in half when they are thrown against it. Tag-team tables matches, especially elimination tag-team tables matches, have varied on whether one or both members must go through tables in order for a team to lose. It is common for tables matches to also include a "no disqualification" clause, which turns them into hardcore matches by nature (although this variation may also be alternately known as a Hardcore Tables Match).


A variation is the Flaming Tables Match, an Extreme Championship Wrestling specialty match, where the tables are set on fire, and the only way to win is to put opponents through the lit tables. Another is the double tables match, where the first wrestler to put his opponent through two tables wins. Another variant is the High Impact Tables Match, in which you must put your opponent through a table off an elevated surface. Extreme Championship Wrestling (ECW) was a ground-breaking and influential professional wrestling promotion that was founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1992 by Tod Gordon, and closed when his successor, Paul Heyman, declared bankruptcy in April 2001. ...


Due to existing notions about violence against women, diva table matches are rare, and putting divas (or other females) through tables is often seen as a way of garnering heel heat. A WWE Diva Poster In professional wrestling, a Diva is a term used by World Wrestling Entertainment for a beautiful woman employed primarily as a wrestler and sometimes eye candy. Although diva is a relatively new term in the wrestling community, promotions have been using women as managers or wrestlers...


Tables matches were most used in mainstream wrestling by Team 3D, then known as The Dudley Boyz. First popularized by them in ECW, they later brought table matches to the masses in WWE from 1999 to 2005. They have since brought table matches to TNA and Japan. Team 3D is also the name used by the professional American electronic sports company. ... Extreme Championship Wrestling (ECW) was a ground-breaking and influential professional wrestling promotion that was founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1992 by Tod Gordon, and closed when his successor, Paul Heyman, declared bankruptcy in April 2001. ... World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. ... Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) is an American professional wrestling promotion, founded by Jeff Jarrett and his father Jerry Jarrett in May 2002 and now owned by Panda Energy International. ...


Tables, Ladders, and Chairs Match

As the name implies, there are tables, ladders, and chairs in and around the ring the ring for use. They can end either by pinfall or sometimes obtrieving an item like in a Ladder match. TLC 2. ...


Taped Fist Match

A match in which both wrestlers wrap their fists in tape to enable them to punch harder and without hurting their hands.


A variation of the match is called a Taipei Death Match, where, prior to the match, the taped fists are dipped in super-glue and while the glue is still wet, is dipped into broken glass.


Texas Bullrope Match

In a Texas Bullrope Match, two wrestlers are placed on opposite ends of a restraint - in this case, a rope. The restraint, and anything tied to it, can be used as a legal weapon. Because the restraint can be used as a way to choke the opposing wrestler, submissions are typically not permitted. A disqualification occurs if either wrestler frees themselves from the restraint before the match is won. Coils of rope used for long-line fishing A rope (IPA: ) is a length of fibers, twisted or braided together to improve strength for pulling and connecting. ...


There are often two ways to win: pinfall is permitted, or alternately, the first to touch all four top turnbuckles in succession wins.


The restraint used in a Texas Bullrope Match is a rope that typically has a cowbell in the middle. If another restraint is used, the match typically takes the name of the restraint - for example, the use of a leather strap as a restraint will give rise to the Indian Strap Match. Other names include: The cowbell is a percussion instrument. ...

Dog Collar Match:
This is where chains are used and are strapped to the necks of both wrestlers. Often the signature of wrestlers with canine-related gimmicks.
Russian Strap Match:
The wrestlers are chained but not by the neck
Short Leash:
The wrestlers are connected by a one to two foot "leash". The only way to win is by knockout or submission.
Strap Match:
In this variation ordinary belts are used.

Genera Alopex Atelocynus Canis Cerdocyon Chrysocyon Cuon Dusicyon Fennecus Lycalopex Lycaon Nyctereutes Otocyon Pseudalopex Speothos Urocyon Vulpes Canidae is the family of carnivorous and omnivorous mammals commonly known as canines. ... In professional wrestling, a gimmick is slang that refers to a wrestlers on-screen personality. ...

Enclosure-based Variations

Many matches take place in enclosures that are typically added onto the wrestling ring (although some types replace the ring altogether with a different enclosure. There, the walls of the enclosure can be legally used as a way to damage opposing wrestlers. In many cases an enclosure-based match will have other normal rules (such as pinfall or submission) apply, although many enclosure-based matches add rules based on the scenario in which a wrestler leaves the enclosure. Some matches may include escaping the enclosure as a winning condition, while others disqualify wrestlers who leave the enclosure.


Often in these types of matches, wrestlers may begin outside the enclosure, and continue inside, whence the match begins in earnest.


Elimination Chamber Match

The Elimination Chamber match at Survivor Series 2002.
The Elimination Chamber match at Survivor Series 2002.
Main article: Elimination Chamber

The ring is surrounded by a steel chain-link cage, the boundaries of which extend outside the ring but the outside floor of which is made of rough steel and reaches the level of the ring apron. Outside the ring at each corner is a perspex chamber inside which a wrestler is kept prisoner. There are six competitors altogether, of which two start the match and four are confined in the chambers. The wrestlers are released from the chambers one at a time at regular intervals. Elimination is caused by a pinfall or submission. The last man standing is then declared the winner. Image File history File links Eliminationchamber. ... Image File history File links Eliminationchamber. ... Official Survivor Series logo. ... The Elimination Chamber match at Survivor Series 2002. ...


Hell in a Cell Match

Main article: Hell in a Cell

A Hell in a Cell match is a match in which there is a taller version of a Steel Cage around the ring with a roof on top. There is room between the Cell and the ring. Win is by pinfall or submission. The Hell in a Cell match The Hell in a Cell is a type of professional wrestling match seen in World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE) in which the ring and ringside area are surrounded by a roofed steel cell. ...


Kennel from Hell

The Kennel from Hell match is a Hell in a Cell variation "conceived" by wrestler Al Snow in the WWF during his short-lived feud with The Big Boss Man in mid-1999. The Hell in a Cell match The Hell in a Cell is a type of professional wrestling match seen in World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE) in which the ring and ringside area are surrounded by a roofed steel cell. ... Allen Sarven (born July 18, 1963 in Lima, Ohio) is a professional wrestler better known by his stage name of Al Snow. ... World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. ... Raymond (Ray) Traylor (May 2, 1962 – September 22, 2004) was an American professional wrestler. ...


This feud started when Boss Man kidnapped, cooked, and served Snow's dog, Pepper, to him. The match was a spin off of this event, where the Hell in a Cell cage was placed over the ring, which was already equipped with a standard Steel Cage. Two dogs that had been "starved for weeks" were placed in between. The object was simply to escape from the structure, which was designed to be very difficult, however the match turned out to be something of a disaster, as the dogs spent the duration of the match snapping at each other and defecating on the floor, and the whole spectacle looked ridiculous. Snow won the match, which ended the feud. Due to the ludicrous nature of the match (which pertained to Al Snow's "madman" gimmick) and the critical mauling it received, this has been the only such match to be held. Ric Flair and Randy Orton in a cage match, showing the current WWE Steel Cage. ...


Lion's Den Match

The aim of the match is for a wrestler to knock out their opponent unconscious or make them submit inside an octagonal cage. The rules are made to mimic mixed martial arts matches, with the octagonal cage meant to mimic the cage used by the Ultimate Fighting Championship. Mixed martial arts (MMA) is a combat sport in which two competitors attempt to achieve dominance over one another by utilizing a wide variety of permitted martial arts techniques, including striking and grappling. ... UFC logo mark. ...


Mud Match

The Mud match is a match in which the ring canvas is replaced by a pool of mud. Other liquids can also be used to form the pool, with the name of the match taking the name of the liquid: an Egg nog match is one where it is held in a pool of egg nog, while a Gravy match (or a Gravy Bowl Match) is held in a pool of gravy. Other materials include pudding, whipped cream, and the KY Jelly lubricant, as popularized in the movie 'Old School'. Eggnog (or egg nog) is a type of milk-based punch belonging to the posset family. ... Gravy is a thickened sauce, usually made from a base of the juices and extractives that run from meat during cooking. ...


This type of match is often held between female non-wrestlers.


Punjabi Prison Match

The Punjabi Prison structure.
The Punjabi Prison structure.

The Punjabi Prison match, first seen at the 2006 Great American Bash, consists of two large bamboo cages. The first being a 16 foot tall inner cage surrounding the ring and the second -- 20 feet tall -- surrounding the first cage. There are razor-sharp bamboo spikes on top of both cages to prevent anyone from entering or exiting this way. Image File history File links Punjabi_Prison. ... Image File history File links Punjabi_Prison. ... The Great American Bash was an annual summer PPV in the NWAs Jim Crockett Promotions and then in WCW. After WCW was sold to WWE, WWE took over the promotion of the event. ... Diversity Around 91 genera and 1,000 species Subtribes Arthrostylidiinae Arundinariinae Bambusinae Chusqueinae Guaduinae Melocanninae Nastinae Racemobambodinae Shibataeinae See the full Taxonomy of the Bambuseae. ...


The cage surrounding the ring has a four-foot-by-four-foot door on each of its sides, with a referee standing by to open them at a wrestler's request. Each door may only be opened once and remain open for sixty seconds, after which it is padlocked for the remainder of the match. Should all four doors be locked before a wrestler escapes the ring, they are instead forced to climb out of the first cage over the top. Once a wrestler has escaped the first cage, he must then climb over and out of the second cage. The match is won when a wrestler exits both cages and touches the arena floor.


Rage in a Cage

A match held in an oval-shaped cage. It is typically used as the arena for the "blowoff match" of a feud. It can be used for a tag team or singles match. In this match, wins are usually by pinfall. A professional wrestling feud is a staged disagreement between two wrestlers or factions of wrestlers over a purported slight or insult. ...


Alternatively, Rage in the Cage may refer a match held in Florida independent organizations IPW and NWA Florida in which 20 or more wrestlers take part in a battle royal inside a steel cage. Each wrestler is encouraged to bring different weapons to the match, and a wrestler is eliminated by being thrown over the outside of the cage or through the cage door. Florida Championship Wrestling (FCW) was an NWA promotion that started in Florida in 1949. ...


Steel cage match

Main article: Steel cage match
This "blue steel bar" cage structure commonly used in the 1970s through 1990s WWE.
This "blue steel bar" cage structure commonly used in the 1970s through 1990s WWE.

A steel cage match is fought within a cage structure, usually made of either chain link fencing or blue steel bars, placed on the four sides of the ring with victory coming by either pinfall, submission, or escaping the cage. Ric Flair and Randy Orton in a cage match, showing the current WWE Steel Cage. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A Chain link fence is a type of woven fence usually made from galvanized steel wire. ...

Asylum Match:
A chain link cage in the shape of a circle placed in the middle of the ring. Victory occurs only by submission.
Six Sides Of Steel
The NWA-TNA variant on the steel cage which utilizes six walls of steel, one for each side of their six sided ring.

Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) is an American professional wrestling promotion, founded by Jeff Jarrett and his father Jerry Jarrett in May 2002 and now owned by Panda Energy International. ...

Thundercage

A Thundercage is a cage with no roof, but whose sides curve inward at the top to prevent escape.


The Thundercage was used at Clash of the Champions XXII. The Clash of the Champions was the name of a series of professional wrestling broadcasts, produced by World Championship Wrestling, which aired on a periodic basis over SuperStation TBS between 1988-1997. ...


Thunderdome

A specific match which takes place inside the Thundercage with the area near the top of the cage electrified. The only way to win is when one competitor's "terminator", usually a manager who stands outside of the ring, throws in the towel. In professional wrestling, a manager is a character who is paired with a wrestler. ...


Triple Cage Match

The match involved three cages stacked on top of each other, with each cage decreasing in size from the bottom up. With the middle cage containing weapons. Competitors begin in the ring inside the lowest cage and must make their way to the roof of the third cage where an object is suspended. The winner is the first competitor to obtain this object. This match was originally featured in the movie Ready to Rumble and later used by WCW. Ready To Rumble is a 2000 comedy movie directed by Brian Robbins and written by Steven Brill, based around the now-defunct professional wrestling promotion World Championship Wrestling. ...


Tag-team match variations

Generally, almost all singles match types can be adapted for use in tag-team competitioon, with minor variations. However, there are certain match types which are designed with tag teams in mind - these can be found in the tag team article. Much like singles matches, tag team professional wrestling matches can and have taken many forms. ... A professional wrestling tag-team consists of two or occasionally three wrestlers who are working together as a team. ...


Multi-Competitor Match Variations

Wrestling matches may involve multiple competitors in a free-for-all setting. Because of the number of people involved, these matches are booked on rare occasions and with great care as to ensure that no competitor is left out of the action. Multi-competitor matches are often broken down to those that do involve eliminations (ie. where the number of competitors in the match is slowly reduced over time), and those that do not. For the former, when a wrestler is eliminated, they are then sent to the back (with any reappearance being considered a run-in and thus grounds for disqualification). In professional wrestling, a run-in occurs when one or more individuals who are not actively participating in a match run into the ring. ...


Championship elimination matches, of course, necessitate the elimination of the champion before a new champion is crowned. When wrestlers enter the match at different times, the champion may reserve the right to enter last (or at a position of their choosing) - and it is often the champion who is among the last two remaining. In non-elimination matches, however, the champion need not be involved for the title to change hands, in order to discourage the challengers to team up against the champion. A common flow to the championship non-elimination match has the champion systematically beaten up before the challengers bicker amongst themselves to see who would pin the champion, which leads to the challengers attacking each other - to the point that the challengers are unaware of the fact that the champion has recovered.


There may also be the case where a wrestler is disqualified or counted out in a non-elimination match - in many cases the match continues without the wrestler in question, or else the entire match becomes void. Because of the complex nature of dealing with disqualifications and countouts, many promotions implicitly have a no-countout or no-disqualification clause in multi-competitor matches simply to dodge the issue.


Eliminations in tag-team matches are handled differently - two prevalent cases are that the losing individual must leave the ring area and the team continues without that member, or the team must retire as a group.


Basic non-elimination matches

The most common example of a non-elimination match is the Triple Threat Match, where three wrestlers battle it out under standard rules. In some promotions, this match may be termed a Three-Way Dance, although some promotions may use Three-Way Dance to refer to an elimination match. In many promotions, however, there are typically no distinctions between the two terms. The Fatal Four-Way Match is similar, but involves four wrestlers, while the Six-Pack Challenge is one where six wrestlers are involved.

Triangle Match:
The Triangle Match combines elements of tag team wrestling with multi-competitor wrestling. In this match contested by three competitors (hence the name), one of the competitors must remain outside the ring, to await a tag from either of the other two combatants. Thus, while being tagged out may afford time to recuperate, one cannot win unless they are tagged back in.
The Triangle Match can be expanded to accompany more wrestlers: the Four Corners Match is a match where four wrestlers are involved, while Six-Man Mayhem is a term used in Ring of Honor for a six-man variation.

A professional wrestling tag-team consists of two or occasionally three wrestlers who are working together as a team. ... Ring of Honor (ROH) is an independent professional wrestling promotion created in 2002. ...

Basic elimination matches

Most matches involving a larger number of competitors are typically elimination matches. These matches may begin with a normal start, where all of the competitors are in the ring at the same time when the match begins, or may have a staggered start, in which wrestlers enter at timed intervals. Because of the number of wrestlers involved, many jobbers will be in this match, if for nothing other than to fill time.


The most common example of an elimination match is the Three-Way Dance, where the first fall would eliminate one wrestler, and thus reducing the match to a standard one-fall match. The Three-Way Dance (when not used as a synonym of the Triple Threat Match) is a specialty of Extreme Championship Wrestling. Likewise, a Four-Way Dance involves four wrestlers, a Five-Way Dance involves five wrestlers, and so on. Extreme Championship Wrestling (ECW) was a ground-breaking and influential professional wrestling promotion that was founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1992 by Tod Gordon, and closed when his successor, Paul Heyman, declared bankruptcy in April 2001. ...


The Fatal Four-Way Elimination Match is often used in place of the Four-Way Dance.


Battle royal

In professional wrestling, a battle royal (sometimes battle royale; plural battles royal) is a multi-competitor match in which wrestlers are eliminated from the match upon being thrown over the top rope and out of the ring, with both feet touching the floor of the venue. ...

Doomsday Cage Match

Also called a Tower of Doom, this match involves a three-story cage on top of a ring. A team of two wrestlers start from the top story and fight their way to the bottom against a team of eight wrestlers. Victory is attained by possessing the belt which is hanging above the third cage. This was a creation from WCW. The most famous match of this type was between DDP, Jeff Jarret and David Arquette. World Championship Wrestling or WCW, was a professional wrestling promotion that was based in Atlanta and existed from 1986 to 2001. ...


Final Wars Brawl

This match has two wrestlers in a steel cage for thirty minutes with other wrestlers entering at a timed interval to help out one of the opponents.


Football Classic Match

Two cages are placed at ringside, inside each of which is locked a manager with a weapon. The key for each cage is fastened to a football. Two teams of wrestlers must try and gain possession of the football and take it over to their manager's cage, use the key to unlock the cage, then use the manager's weapon to attack the other team. To get the ball to the cage, the wrestlers must pass it between themeselves and attack any opposing wrestlers who have possession of the ball. In his autobiography; Mick Foley describes the match as "A fun, fan-inclusive cross between keep away, monkey in the middle, and kill the guy with the ball." In professional wrestling, a manager is a character who is paired with a wrestler. ... A football is a ball used to play one of the sports known as football. ... Mick Foley (born Michael Francis Foley on June 7, 1965 in Bloomington, Indiana) is an American professional wrestler and author. ... Keep Away is a childrens game sometimes called Monkey in the Middle or Pickle in a Dish. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Gauntlet Match

A Gauntlet Match is, in a sense, a quick series of one-fall one-on-one matches. Here, two wrestlers begin the match, and are replaced whenever one is eliminated (by normal means), with the last person standing being named the winner. A Gauntlet match may also be played out in multiple "parts" as part of a storyline (where a face wrestler must face a series of a heel wrestler's underlings before facing the heel himself, for instance) - this was common in World Championship Wrestling in the early 1990s, where it was referred to as a Slobber Knocker. A participant involved in a Gauntlet Match may be referred to as to be "running the gauntlet", although in most cases this designation is reserved for those who are involved for most of the match. World Championship Wrestling or WCW, was a professional wrestling promotion that was based in Atlanta and existed from 1986 to 2001. ...


The Gauntlet may also be referred to as a Turmoil Match, a likely backformation from Tag Team Turmoil, which is used to denote a Gauntlet involving tag teams.


Bra & Panties Gauntlet Match

A Bra & Panties Gauntlet Match is much like a standard gauntlet match, only involving divas and with eliminations occurring as a result of stripping an opponent of their clothes instead of pinfall.


Relay Match

The match has two (or more) teams of between 3 or 12 members to a team and before the match there will be a coin toss to see which team switches out first. Every 3 or 5 minutes the teams will switch. The first team to get a pinfall wins. Sometimes performed with hardcore rules. Hardcore wrestling (also known as garbage wrestling) is a form of professional wrestling that eschews traditional concepts of match rules in favor of matches that take place in unusual environments, using foreign objects that are not normally permitted. ...


War Games

Main article: WarGames Match

Sometimes suffixed with the tagline "The Match Beyond". The War Games match features two rings surrounded by an enclosed steel cage with two teams (or sometimes three) facing one another. One man from each team starts out with another from either team at random entering the cage via a timed interval. The winning team must get a member of another team to submit after all members of each team are in the cage. This match was made famous by NWA's annual Great American Bash and later WCWs Wrestle War before becoming a tradition at their annual Fall Brawl pay-per-vew event from 1993-1998. The WarGames Match was a gimmick match used originally in the old National Wrestling Alliance and later held annually in World Championship Wrestling, usually at their Fall Brawl pay per view event in September. ... The Great American Bash is an annual summer pay-per-view event held by World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE). ... WrestleWar was a World Championship Wrestling PPV held in the month of May in 1989 and 1992 and the month of February in 1990 and 1991. ... Fall Brawl was an annual PPV in World Championship Wrestling held in the month of September from 1993 through 2000. ...


In ECW, this was known as an Ultimate Jeopardy match. Extreme Championship Wrestling (ECW) was a ground-breaking and influential professional wrestling promotion that was founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1992 by Tod Gordon, and closed when his successor, Paul Heyman, declared bankruptcy in April 2001. ...


Lethal Lockdown

Main article: Lethal Lockdown

Similar to the WarGames Match utilized in WCW, Total Nonstop Action Wrestling's Lethal Lockdown consists of a single ring enclosed by a steel cage with two teams facing off with each other. The staggered entry system is identical, but weapons are permitted and victory can be attained by pinfall. This match has become a staple of TNA's Lockdown pay per view every April. Lethal Lockdown is the name of a gimmick match utilized by Total Nonstop Action Wrestling at their April pay per view event, entitled Lockdown. ... Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) is an American professional wrestling promotion, founded by Jeff Jarrett and his father Jerry Jarrett in May 2002 and now owned by Panda Energy International. ... Lockdown was the sixth monthly professional wrestling pay-per-view event held by Total Nonstop Action Wrestling. ...


Series variations

Sometimes, a match is considered as a series of smaller matches, which may take place concurrently, consecutively, or even in different shows. The most common form of a series match is extending the one-fall concept to a series of falls, the most common being the best two out of three. These types of series matches are often booked to the final match to emphasize the equality of the wrestlers involved, however, longer series may be shortened due to storyline or other factors.


Series matches may involve the same match throughout, or may use different matches for some or all of the series. A series match may or may not involve the same wrestlers throughout (such as when a main competitor is forced to use a substitute in the event of an injury partway through).


Beat the Clock Match

A Beat the Clock match is a series of singles matches between different wrestlers to see which wrestler can win their match in the shortest amount of time. Each wrestler involved competes in one match, and it is generally assumed that these wrestlers do not face each other, instead facing jobbers (or for heel characters, a confidant that will gladly lay down for them).


Beat the Clock matches often have all of the wrestlers involved winning their matches. In the case of a wrestler losing their match, the wrestler is removed from consideration, and in some cases, with their opponent taking their place (such that the winner of the shortest match is effectively the winner of the Beat the Clock match). In the case that a wrestler is unable to beat the time of a previous match, the match may be prematurely ended, although in practice all matches in the Beat the Clock match are fought to a conclusion. Disqualifications in Beat the Clock matches can be handled in different ways: with the match being counted as a win (with the time until disqualification as the official match time), a loss, or having another match to settle the matter.


Beat the Clock matches are often fought for a stipulation, such as a championship or the privilege of final entry in a multi-competitor match.


Three Strikes, You're Out!

The Three Strikes, You're Out! match (often shortened to Three Strikes), is one where wrestlers must achieve three victories of a specific nature in a specific order before the other. The name of the match is taken from baseball, referring to the notion that losing three times would entail losing the match. Because of the format, wrestlers may be attempting to fulfil different victory conditions. Like generic series matches, these are often booked so as to have both wrestlers have two "strikes" against them, with the final victory condition being a particularly brutal manner (for example, Last Man Standing). A view of the playing field at Busch Stadium II St. ...


The most common arrangement for the three strikes are pinfall, submission, and knockout, with the entire match being fought under no disqualification rules.


In the WWE, these types of matches are known as Three Stages Of Hell, although the third match may not be needed in the case of a sweep victory, although this has rarely been the case. Some variations make each stipulation timed (Usually in five to ten minute intervals) making every stipulation available.


Extreme variations

In many Extreme style wrestling promotions, many of these matches are basically exaggerations and variations of the common hardcore match. Since most of these matches are rarely ever repeated, this list must be taken at face value.


Anus Explosion death match

The Anus Explosion death match was a match held in Frontier Martial Arts Wrestling on October 29, 1998 in Korakuen Hall where the losers of the death match was later abused with objects or fireworks. Frontier Martial-Arts Wrestling, better known by its initials FMW, was a Japanese professional wrestling promotion founded in 1989 by Atsushi ÅŒnita (often spelled Ohnita). ... October 29 is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 63 days remaining. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ...


Barbed Wire Massacre

A barbed wire deathmatch. The ring ropes are replaced with barbed wire, and boards with barbed wire are around the ring.


Barefoot Thumbtack match

Both opponents are barefoot, and there is a container of thumbtacks in the middle of the ring. Walking barefoot Going barefoot is the practice of walking without shoes or socks. ... A thumbtack is a short nail or pin with a large, slightly rounded head made of metal which is used to fasten documents to a background for public display and which can easily be removed by hand. ...


Beds of (Objects) Death Match

A hardcore match that has beds of thumbtacks, nails, barbed wire, glass, and/or lightbulbs. These matches usually occur in Deathmatch Title matches or Deathmatches in general.


Cage of Death

Main article: Cage of Death

A Combat Zone Wrestling event and match type. // The Cage Of Death is the Combat Zone Wrestling promotions biggest annual professional wrestling show, which happens at the end of the year and always features the eponymous Cage Of Death match. ... Combat Zone Wrestling (CZW) began as a professional wrestling company run by John Zandig. ...


Canadian death match

A singles match that can be won by either making one's opponent quit via submission maneuver, or by rendering one's opponent physically unable to continue. In order to win by submission, one's opponent must say, "I quit!" or tap out or be incapacitated via sleeper hold. In order to win by incapacitating one's opponent, the opponent must be unable to answer the referee's ten-count. There are no disqualifications. Count-outs are avoided because at least four "special enforcers" are stationed around the ring. The enforcers are responsible for throwing a competitor back into the ring should he fall out, much like a lumberjack match.


Chamber of Horrors

The Chamber of Horrors match occurred once, at the 1991 Halloween Havoc. Its competitors were two teams of four wrestlers. The match takes place in a Thundercage which contains a smaller cage in the center of the ring with the "Chair of Torture" (electric chair) in it. In order to win the match, a wrestler has to pull a lever located on the cage wall (the terminator), while an opposing wrestler is in the "Chair of Torture". As a result, the match ends with the wrestler in the "Chair of Torture" being 'shocked'. Halloween Havoc was an annual PPV in World Championship Wrestling from 1989 through 2000. ...


Crisis Big Born death match

This is a Big Japan match which combines several deathmatch types. The match starts out on a scaffold above a barbed wire net over a ring. The ring itself is surrounded by cactus, electric space heaters and dry ice. Thumbtacks are scattered in the ring. In the middle of the ring is a tank of scorpions. Various weapons including light bulbs, bats, drills, saws and swords are permitted. The match is fought with all members of two teams active at the same time under street fight rules. When all the wrestlers have fallen into the barbed wire net, the next phase of the match begins. The barbed wire net is removed and the match continues. Wrestlers leave the match by submission, by having their head put in the scorpion tank for ten seconds or by passing out. Big Japan Pro Wrestling (BJW) is a Japanese professional wrestling promotion established in 1995. ...


Circus Top High Tower death match

This match features a scaffold next to the ring and a net made of barbed wire. The net is attached to the ropes, and the only way to win is by pinning the opponent in the net. The first match was between Mad Man Pondo and Ryuji Ito in Japan.


Clockwork Orange House of Fun match

A singles match with many weapons suspended from steel chains around the ring, sometimes with sides of a steel cage attached to the ring. The use of weapons is legal, and the match ends in pinfall. Pinfalls count anywhere in the ringside area. This match was created by Raven in Total Nonstop Action Wrestling, which later changed the match's name to Raven's House Of Fun, he in fact previously used the match in WCW where he called it the Bowery Death Match. The Insane Clown Posse also uses this match in their JCW shows; their version is called the Holler match. Scott Levy (born September 8, 1964 in Short Hills, New Jersey) is an American professional wrestler, better known by his ring name, Raven. ... Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) is an American professional wrestling promotion, founded by Jeff Jarrett and his father Jerry Jarrett in May 2002 and now owned by Panda Energy International. ... The Insane Clown Posse (ICP) are an American hardcore hip hop/midwestern rap group originally from Detroit, Michigan, consisting of Violent J (Joseph Bruce) and Shaggy 2 Dope (Joseph Utsler). ... Juggalo Championshit Wrestling (JCW) is an independent professional wrestling promotion run by the rap duo, Insane Clown Posse (Shaggy 2 Dope and Violent J). ...


Crocodile death match

This is a standard death match where the loser has to wrestle a crocodile.


Desert death match

The ring is surrounded by cactus. A tank of scorpions is placed in the middle of the ring. The match is won by holding the head of a wrestler in the scorpion tank for ten seconds.


East Coast Thumbtack death match

A variant of the 10,000 thumbtacks deathmatch, this match has 177,000 thumbtacks placed in the ring. The first match was between Ian Rotten and the Messiah.


Electric Pool match

This was a very dangerous type of match which has only been held once. The ring was placed in a large pool of water, with no ropes on 2 sides of the ring, and exploding barbed wire on the other two sides of the ring. The ring was put on a floating device, then it was surrounded by 4 metal barricades. There was a current running through these 4 barricades (which were essentially small sections of the pool enclosed off from the rest of the pool), enabling the water to "explode" when a wrestler was thrown into one of these barricaded areas. Considering the danger involved in allowing a current to run through water, this match was only used once in FMW in 1994, which was known for its extreme hardcore matches. Frontier Martial-Arts Wrestling, better known by its initials FMW, was a Japanese professional wrestling promotion founded in 1989 by Atsushi ÅŒnita (often spelled Ohnita). ...


Explosion match

Usually accompanied with barbed wire ropes, a large barbed wire wrapped explosion board is placed in the ring laced with a small amount of C-4. The loser is the man that is blown up. In another variation, the match ends with a pin or submission and the explosives serve as weapons. Preparing C-4 explosive C-4 or Composition C-4 is a common variety of military plastic explosive. ...


Firestone death match

This is a standard death match where the ring is lined with electric space heaters wrapped in barbed wire. The match can be lost by submission or when one of the wrestlers passes out.


Japanese Barbed Wire match

The Japanese Barbed Wire Match is different from a normal barbed wire match in the fact that there are wooden boards covered with barbed wire and have a small charge goes off when someone lands on it.


2/3 Lightube Log Cabin death match

A match where the only way to win is to smash or put the opponent through two lightube "log cabins". The most famous match with this variation is Sick Nick Mondo vs. John Zandig. Sick Nick Mondo was born Matt Burns and is from Minneapolis, Minnesota. ... John Zandig was a deathmatch wrestler but he also started the promotion and now owns the promotion of Combat Zone Wrestling (CZW). ...


200 Light Tubes death match

A match type first used in the U.S. Combat Zone Wrestling at an event called "They Said it Couldn't be Done". The object of this match is to win by pinfall. The use of fluorescent light tubes -— officially two hundred are available for use -— as weapons are allowed. These matches are often very bloody and have been banned in most states. Variants of this match have been the 100 light tubes deathmatch and the 300 lightubes deathmatch.[1] Combat Zone Wrestling (CZW) began as a professional wrestling company run by John Zandig. ... A compact fluorescent lamp with an integrated electronic ballast A fluorescent lamp is a type of lamp that uses electricity to excite mercury vapor in argon or neon gas, resulting in a plasma that produces short-wave ultraviolet light. ...


Lucha en Jaula Electrificada

A variation of the cage match, in this contest the cage is electrified (explaining the name "fight in an electric cage") and the only way to win is by escape. The cage is turned off in certain intervals, allowing the participants a chance at escape. Used by the AAA promotion in Mexico. Asistencia Asesoría y Administración (AAA) is a Lucha Libre Professional wrestling promotion based in Mexico. ...


Piranha death match

A tank of Piranhas is put in the middle of the ring. The ring is surrounded by barbed wire. The match is won by holding the head of a wrestler in the Piranha tank for ten seconds.


Taipei death match

Two wrestlers tape their fists and dip them in glue. Their glue-soaked fists are then dipped into shards of broken glass, usually from broken beer bottles, and proceed to fight in a standard match. Most notably at ECW's PPV Hardcore Heaven on July 1, 1995 when brothers Axl and Ian Rotten settled their differences in this match.


10,000 Thumbtacks death match

This match has 10,000 thumbtacks placed in the ring. The wrestlers can use the thumbtacks as weapons. Victory by either pinfall, submission or knocking out the opponent. A variation of this match is a cross between a Ladder Match and 10,000 Thumbtacks Match called a Thumbtacks Ladder Match in which a ladder is placed in the ring with a reward at the top. Thumbtacks are also spread out across the ring.


Razorwire death match

Essentially the same as the barbed wire match, however the barbed wire is replaced by Razorwire in all instances. As the danger in this match is very high, very few events of this nature have been held, especially in the west. Image:Scheermes-prikkeldraad. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ...


Unlucky 13

Unlucky 13 is a death match invented by Ian Rotten where, in order to win, a wrestler must staple seven out of thirteen dollar bills to their opponent. John Williams is a professional wrestler better known as Ian Rotten. ...


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