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Encyclopedia > Professional Association of Diving Instructors

The Professional Association of Diving Instructors (PADI) is the world's largest recreational diving membership and diver training organization founded by John Cronin and Ralph Erikson. [1]. Recreational diving is a type of diving that uses SCUBA equipment for the purpose of leisure and enjoyment. ... This page lists SCUBA diver training organizations. ...

PADI members, including dive centers, resorts, educational facilities, instructors, and divemasters, teach the majority of the world's recreational divers.[citation needed] PADI operates offices in Australia, Canada, Switzerland, Japan, Sweden, the United Kingdom, New Zealand and the United States. The corporate headquarters, PADI Worldwide, is located in California, United States of America. PADI Offices serve more than 130,000 individual professional members and more than 5,300 dive centers and resorts in more than 180 countries and territories. Translations of PADI materials are available in more than 26 languages. [2]. This article is about the U.S. state. ...

PADI courses range from entry levels (such as Scuba Diver and Open Water Diver) to master scuba diver and a range of instructor certificates. Via their affiliate Diving Science and Technology (DSAT) they also offer various "Technical" diver courses, including decompression diving, Trimix diving and gas blending.

The PADI system is composed of modules with standardized learning objectives divided into theory and practical skills development. Theory is mainly conveyed by way of self-study (books and video) with confirmation of the student's level of mastery in standardized knowledge review sessions with a Scuba instructor. Practical skills mastery is obtained through training in pools and performance evaluations in open water. Upon completion of each course, a certificate is issued.

PADI courses are performance based dive programs, and at the introductory level emphasize practical knowledge, safety and motor skills. The foundations of Diving physics, physiology and chemistry are built during entry level programs. The more esoteric details of these concepts are left for later courses when the diver has gained practical knowledge and experience beyond the entry level. These practices fall within current modern learning philosophies [citation needed] and receive regular updates via peer review. In addition to this, other dive instruction programs have adopted similar techniques [citation needed].

PADI has been criticised for less-rigorous standards of training [citation needed], mainly due to the perception that PADI puts less emphasis on physical exercise than CMAS and other, non-commercial organisations[citation needed]. Despite this criticism, PADI is the only training agency in the world that regularily surveys newly certified divers and follows up any training standards violations via their own Quality Management department. The Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques (CMAS) is the World Underwater Federation. ...

"Short Diving Courses" such as those taught via PADI were criticised in a U.K. Coroner's Court as being inadequate. During a coroner's court session in Plymouth, UK on 8 August 2006 expert witness Dr. Phil Bryson, Medical Director at Plymouth's Diving Diseases and Research Centre, said he was amazed beginners could be certified at advanced level after just eight dives. Another expert witness Mr. PC Peter Tapper, a police diver of Devon and Cornwall police, agreed [3][4] (Under British Common Law, a witness' opinion given at a Coroner's inquest is an expert opinion, not necessarily a fact, it carries more weight if it becomes a finding in the Coroner's report). Mr. Mark Caney Vice President, Training, Education and Memberships of PADI International Ltd UK later responded on the previously little known Ten Foot Stop web site[5] that according to statistics, the number of fatal diving accidents decreased from 1990s when the number of divers trained under PADI system increased. He further elaborated the meaning of "PADI Advanced Open Water Diver". In PADI system, divers with PADI Open Water Diver qualification can advance their open water diving skills and enhance their experiences in a controlled way. The qualification of PADI Advanced Open Water Diver differs from the BSAC's Advanced Diver qualification, in that the PADI Qualification requires a mere 11 dives, whereas the BSAC Qualification requires around 200 dives. The equivalent of PADI Advanced open water is the BSAC Ocean Diver

Another criticism states that the PADI approach encourages the belief that diving in warm clear waters is the same as diving in cold murky waters [citation needed]. However, this is contrary to PADI training and PADI Instructors are expected to adapt PADI programs to local environmental conditions with specialty courses. PADI also promotes the use of other speciality courses and local orientation sessions, which teach divers required new skills and provide ongoing revenue to its members.

In 1995, PADI founded the Project AWARE to help conserve underwater environments. Project AWARE information has been integrated in most courses and divers are offered the chance to exchange their normal certificate for an AWARE-certificate by making a donation to the program when sending in their application for a new certificate. Project AWARE is a non-profit, worldwide, organization dedicated to Conserving underwater environments through education, advocacy and action. ...


PADI Non Certification programs

Scuba divers exploring fish and coral. ... A snorkeler amid corals on a coral reef near Fiji. ...

PADI Kids programs

  • PADI Seal Team (Age 8 and Above)
  • PADI Bubble Maker (Age 8 and Above)

PADI Recreational Diving Certifications

  • PADI Skin Diver (Snorkeling)
  • PADI Junior Scuba Diver
  • PADI Scuba Diver
  • PADI Junior Open Water Diver
  • PADI Open Water Diver
  • PADI National Geographic Diver
  • PADI Adventure Diver
  • PADI Advanced Open Water Diver
  • PADI Rescue Diver
  • PADI Speciality Courses
  • PADI Master Scuba Diver

PADI Speciality Courses

PADI provide a range of speciality courses, examples of which include:

  • PADI Altitude Diver Speciality Course
  • PADI Boat Diver Speciality Course
  • PADI Cavern Diver Speciality Course
  • PADI Deep Diver Speciality Courses
  • PADI Digital Underwater Photographer Speciality Course
  • PADI Diver Propulsion Vehicle Speciality Course
  • PADI Drift Diver Speciality Course
  • PADI Dry Suit Diver Speciality Course
  • PADI Enriched Air Diver Speciality Course
  • PADI Equipment Specialist Speciality Course
  • PADI Ice Diver Speciality Course
  • PADI Multilevel Diver Speciality Course
  • PADI Night Diver Speciality Course
  • PADI Peak Performance Buoyancy Speciality Course
  • PADI Project AWARE Coral Reef Conservation Speciality Course
  • PADI Project AWARE Fish Identification Speciality Course
  • PADI Project AWARE Specialty Course
  • PADI Search and Recovery Speciality Course
  • PADI Semiclosed Rebreather Course Speciality Course
  • PADI Underwater Naturalist Speciality Course
  • PADI Underwater Navigator Speciality Course
  • PADI Underwater Photographer Speciality Course
  • PADI Underwater Videographer Speciality Course
  • PADI Wreck Diver Speciality Course

Inside the cave at Cave Stream, New Zealand Caving is the recreational sport of exploring caves. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Wetsuit. ... Nitrox refers to any gas mixture composed (excluding trace gases) of nitrogen and oxygen; this includes normal air which is approximately 79% nitrogen and 21% oxygen (although around 1% is actually other gases). ... Ice diving is a type of penetration diving where the dive takes place under ice. ... Inspiration closed circuit diving rebreather A rebreather is a type of breathing set that provides a breathing gas containing oxygen and recycles exhaled gas. ... Wreck diving is a type of recreational diving where shipwrecks are explored. ...

PADI Professional Certifications

  • PADI Divemaster
  • PADI Assistant Instructor
  • PADI Open Water Scuba Instructor
  • PADI Specialty Instructor
  • PADI Master Scuba Diver Trainer
  • PADI IDC Staff Instructor
  • PADI Master Instructor
  • PADI Course Director

See also

Scuba divers exploring fish and coral. ... This page lists SCUBA diver training organizations. ... Diver training is essential for safe diving. ...


  • "Why PADI (Professional Association of Diving Professionals)?", "PADI Web site", 2006.
  • Simon de Bruxelles"Police, dive medicine expert criticise PADI for its quickie scuba diving courses", "Cyber Diver News Network", 8 August 2006.
  • "Inquest warning on diving courses Short diving courses are madness, an expert has said as inquests were held into diver deaths in the South West.", "BBC News", 8 August 2006.
  • Mark Caney, "PADI Response Expert Warns That Scuba Crash Courses Are Putting Lives at Risk", "The Ten Foot Stop", 23 August 2006.

External links

  • http://www.padi.com
  • Diving Diseases Research Centre (DDRC) - study the effects of pressure and provides hyperbaric chamber oxygen treatment facilities and medical training for divers, technicians, nurses and doctors.

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The Professional Association of Diving Instructors (PADI) is the world's largest recreational diving membership organization.
Professional PADI Members (dive centers, resorts, educational facilities, instructors, assistant instructors and divemasters) teach the vast majority of the world's recreational divers, issuing nearly 946,000 certifications each year.
In the dive industry, a "muppet" is a degrading nickname for a "stupid" passenger on the operations dive trips.
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