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Encyclopedia > Professional
This article is about people called professionals. For the movie, see The Professionals or Leon. For the TV series, see The Professionals.

A professional can be either a person in a profession (certain types of skilled work requiring formal training/education) or in sports (a sportsman/sportwoman doing sports for payment).[1][2] Sometimes it is also used to indicate a special level of quality of goods or tools, sometimes also called "commercial grade".[3] For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as... The Professionals is a 1966 Western movie directed by Richard Brooks. ... Léon (aka The Cleaner, The Professional, or Léon the Professional) is a 1994 film written and directed by French director Luc Besson. ... A television program (US), television programme (UK) or simply television show is a segment of programming in television broadcasting. ... From Left : Martin Shaw as Ray Doyle, Gordon Jackson as George Cowley, and Lewis Collins as William Bodie. ...

Contents

Work

Definition

A professional is a worker required to possess a large body of knowledge derived from extensive academic study (usually tertiary), with the training almost always formalized. Students attend a lecture at a tertiary institution. ...


Professions are at least to a degree self-regulating, in that they control the training and evaluation processes that admit new persons to the field, and in judging whether the work done by their members is up to standard. This differs from other kinds of work where regulation (if considered necessary) is imposed by the state, or where official quality standards are often lacking. Professions have some historical links to Guilds in these regards. In engineering and manufacturing, quality control and quality engineering are involved in developing systems to ensure products or services are designed and produced to meet or exceed customer requirements. ... A guild is an association of craftspeople in a particular trade. ...


Professionals usually have autonomy in the workplace - they are expected to utilize their independent judgement and professional ethics in carrying out their responsibilities.[4] This holds true even if they are employees instead of working on their own. Typically a professional provides a service (in exchange for payment or salary), in accordance with established protocols for licensing, ethics, procedures, standards of service and training / certification. This article is about work. ... A payment is the act of transfering wealth into another person or company. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


The above definitions were echoed by economist and sociologist Max Weber, who noted that professions are defined by the power to exclude and control admission to the profession, as well as by the development of a particular vocabulary specific to the occupation, and at least somewhat incomprehensible to outsiders.[citation needed] For the politician, see Max Weber (politician). ... A vocabulary is a set of words known to a person or other entity, or that are part of a specific language. ...


Trades

In narrow usage, not all expertise is considered a profession. Although sometimes referred to as professions, such occupations as skilled construction work are more generally thought of as trades or crafts. The completion of an apprenticeship is generally associated with skilled labor or trades such as carpenter, electrician, plumber, and other similar occupations. A related (though not always valid) distinction would be that a professional does mainly mental or administrative work, as opposed to engaging in physical work. It has been suggested that Artisan#Artisan guilds be merged into this article or section. ... Carpenter at work in Tennessee, June 1942. ... TVA electricians, Tennessee, 1942. ... Joe Kessler is a plumber! A plumber is a tradesperson who specializes in installing and maintaining systems used for potable (drinking) water, sewage, drainage, venting, heating and air-conditioning, or industrial process plant piping. ... Look up mental in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up Administration (business) in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Sport

Main article: Professional sport

In sports, a professional is someone who participates for money. The opposite is amateur, meaning a person that does not play for money, but in an academic (e.g. college football) or other private setting. The term "professional" is commonly used incorrectly, as the distinction simply refers to how the athlete is funded, and not necessarily to what competitions he engages in or what results he achieves. Professional sports are sports in which the participants receive payment for playing, as opposed to amateur sports where they are not. ... Look up amateur in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Sometimes the professional status of an activity is controversial, for example there is debate as to whether or not professionals should be allowed to compete in the Olympic Games. The motivation for money (either in rewards, salaries or advertising revenue) is sometimes seen as a corrupting influence, tainting a sport. Professional sports are sports in which the participants receive payment for playing, as opposed to amateur sports where they are not. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ...


It has been suggested that the crude, all or nothing categories, of professional or amateur should be reconsidered. A historical shift is occurring with the rise of Pro-Ams, a new category of people that are pursuing amateur activities to professional standards. Professional amateurs or Pro-Ams or ProAms is a conceptual term to describe a blurring between the distinction of professional and amateur, within any endevour that could be called professional, such as writing, sports, computer programming, music, film, etc. ...


Equipment

'Professional-grade' equipment is built to higher standards than 'consumer grade' equipment. Copyright laws that require copy protection in consumer equipment sometimes contain exemptions for professional grade audio (audio tape, CD) and video (VHS, DVD players) equipment (see DMCA). This equipment is usually more expensive and sometimes unavailable to the general public. The term may however also be used as a simple marketing ploy, as it is normally not protected or legally defined. The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) is a controversial United States copyright law which criminalizes production and dissemination of technology that can circumvent measures taken to protect copyright, not merely infringement of copyright itself, and heightens the penalties for copyright infringement on the Internet. ...


See also

Look up professional in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z · See also · External links Categories: | | | ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Practice-based professional learning (or pbpl) is best understood in contrast to classroom- or theory-based learning. ... Professional development refers to vocational education with specific reference to continuing education of the person undertaking it in the area of employment, it may also provide opportunities for other career paths. ... Professional sports are sports in which the participants receive payment for playing, as opposed to amateur sports where they are not. ... Professional amateurs (also Pro-Ams or ProAms) is a conceptual term to describe a blurring between the distinction of professional and amateur, within any endeavour that could be called professional, such as writing, sports, computer programming, music, film, etc. ...

References

  1. ^ Glossary (from the Business Fast Start project of Rhode Island authorities)
  2. ^ Professional (definition via the WordNet, Princeton University)
  3. ^ What are Professional Grade Parts? (example from the 'watertips.com' website)
  4. ^ Definition of Terms to Support the ECSA Standards and Procedures System (from the Engineering Council of South Africa)
  • professional food processor

  Results from FactBites:
 
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It's not often that you can have good quality, affordability and speediness in an easy-to-use package in business; but professional business cards are one instance where you can.
Professional Business Cards Online (1092 words)
The fact that professional business cards are so affordable means that you have a great way to get an actual piece of your business in the hands of your primary customers.
Professional Business Cards Online is your source for all of the high-quality, professionally-designed and printed features you expect from a top-notch business card with out the high prices.
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  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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