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Encyclopedia > Profanity
In cartoons, profanity is often depicted by substituting symbols for words, as a form of non-specific censorship.

Profanity can be a word, expression, gesture, or other social behavior which is socially constructed or interpreted as insulting, rude or vulgar, or desecrating or showing disrespect toward an object of religious veneration.[1] For other uses, see Cartoon (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Censor. ... In biology, psychology and sociology social behavior is behavior directed towards, or taking place between, members of the same species. ... A social construction, social construct or social concept is an institutionalized entity or artifact in a social system invented or constructed by participants in a particular culture or society that exists because people agree to behave as if it exists, or agree to follow certain conventional rules, or behave as... For the novel, see The Insult. ... Look up Rudeness in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... “Vulgar” redirects here. ...


Other words commonly used to describe profane language or its use include: cuss, curse, derogatory language, swearing, expletive, oath, bad word, dirty word, strong language, irreverent language, obscene language, and blasphemous language. In many cultures it is less profane for an adult to curse than it is for a child, who may be reprimanded for cursing. To swear can mean either to make an oath, or to utter profanity. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Obscenity in Latin obscenus, meaning foul, repulsive, detestable, (possibly derived from ob caenum, literally from filth). The term is most often used in a legal context to describe expressions (words, images, actions) that offend the prevalent sexual morality of the time. ... Blasphemy is the defamation of the name of God or the gods, and by extension any display of gross irreverence towards any person or thing deemed worthy of exalted esteem. ...

Contents

Types of swearing

Steven Pinker's book The Stuff of Thought breaks profanity down into five categories: Steven Pinker Steven Arthur Pinker (born September 18, 1954) is a prominent Canadian-born American experimental psychologist, cognitive scientist, and popular science writer known for his spirited and wide-ranging advocacy of evolutionary psychology and the computational theory of mind. ...

  • Dysphemistic swearing - Exact opposite of euphemism. Forces listener to think about negative matter. Using the wrong euphemism has a dysphemistic effect.
  • Abusive swearing - for abuse or intimidation or insulting of others
  • Idiomatic swearing - swearing without really referring to the matter.. just using the words to arouse interest, to be showing off, and express to peers that the setting is informal.
  • Emphatic swearing - to emphasise something with swearing.
  • Cathartic swearing - when something bad happens like coffee spilling, people curse. One evolutionary theory asserts it is meant to tell the audience that you're undergoing a negative emotion.

In language, both dysphemism (from the Greek “dys” δυς = non and “pheme” φήμη = speech) and cacophemism (in Greek “cacos” κακός = bad) refer to the usage of an intentionally harsh word or expression instead of a polite one; they are rough opposites of euphemism. ... An idiom is an expression (i. ... Emphatic consonant is a term widely used in Semitic linguistics to describe one of a series of obstruent consonants which originally contrasted with series of both voiced and voiceless obstruents. ... Catharsis is the Greek Katharsis word meaning purification or cleansing derived from the ancient Greek gerund καθαίρειν transliterated as kathairein to purify, purge, and adjective katharos pure or clean (ancient and modern Greek: καθαρός). // The term in drama refers to a sudden emotional breakdown or climax that constitutes overwhelming feelings of great...

Usage

A profanity will have an original meaning (which may change across time and language) which in itself may give some cause for offense. Additionally, many profanities will have applied meanings of their own, usually associated to their context and which therefore may vary significantly depending upon the intended purpose of the word in the sentence. For example, "fuck", a common (often considered strong) profanity in English, is a verb for the act of sexual intercourse and may be used literally in this sense. It is also used in the context of an exclamation ("Fucking hell!") or to refer to acts of violence ("He really fucked that guy up."), or to an error ("You fucked up again, you're fired."). It can also be used to add emphasis to a sentence. It has been suggested that Duration of sexual intercourse be merged into this article or section. ... Exclamation may refer to one of the following. ... This article is about the theological or philosophical afterlife. ... For other uses, see Violence (disambiguation). ...


The diversity of these profanities and their multiple connotations is pointed out to attempted humorous effect in Troy Duffy's film The Boondock Saints, in which one character discovers a room full of assassinated Russian Mobsters and uses the word "fuck" as an adjective, a verb and a noun in one sentence. Troy Duffy (born 8 June 1971 in Hartford, Connecticut) is an American director, screenwriter and musician. ... The Boondock Saints is a 1999 action crime drama film written and directed by Troy Duffy. ... In grammar, an adjective is a word whose main syntactic role is to modify a noun or pronoun (called the adjectives subject), giving more information about what the noun or pronoun refers to. ... It has been suggested that Verbal agreement be merged into this article or section. ... In linguistics, a noun or noun substantive is a lexical category which is defined in terms of how its members combine with other grammatical kinds of expressions. ... Sentence, derived from Latin sententia (perception, in the subjective sense of how one feels reality is), has three common meanings: Sentence (linguistics) Sentence (mathematical logic) Open sentence (a term that mathematics teachers attempted to introduce, but not used by mathematicians) Sentence (law) Sentence (music) This is a disambiguation page — a...

Rocco: Fucking... What the fuck. Who the fuck fucked this fucking... How did you two fucking fucks...
[shouts]
Rocco: fuck!
Connor: Well, that certainly illustrates the diversity of the word.

The degree to which a profanity is offensive relies upon how the use of the word affects an individual. Some will consider the original meaning of a word (for example, the sexual act) to be offensive or a subject not fit for polite conversation (cf Ephesians 5:3 "..it is not right that any matters of sexual immorality or indecency or greed should even be mentioned among you. Nor is it fitting for you to use language which is obscene, profane or vulgar.") while others will have no objection to these subject matters. Some will feel that certain words, having an established social taboo are simply offensive, regardless of any context; others will find profanities offensive mainly when used in a way deliberately intended to offend. The Epistle to Ephesians is one of the books of the Bible in the New Testament, written by Paul at Rome about the same time as that to the Colossians, which in many points it resembles. ... This article is about cultural prohibitions in general; for other uses, see Taboo (disambiguation). ...


Furthermore, some may be in the habit of using profanity in order to seem cool. Thus, insults can even be used as terms of endearment. Look up cool in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For the Drawn Together episode, see Terms of Endearment (Drawn Together episode). ...


A 2007 peer reviewed study by the University of East Anglia found that banning profanity in the workplace and reprimanding staff for using it could have a negative effect on morale and motivation. According to the study, while swearing in front of senior staff or customers should be seriously discouraged or banned, in other circumstances it helped foster solidarity among employees and relieved frustration, stress or other feelings.[2] UEA redirects here. ...


Finally, profanities may cause offense, regardless of context, if they have some religious meaning which may cause their use to offend those who follow a particular religion. The original meaning of the term was restricted to blasphemy, sacrilege or saying the Abrahamic God's name (or an identifier such as Lord or God) in vain. Such religious profanity is referred to as blasphemy. For the black metal band, see Blasphemy (band). ... Sacrilege is in general the violation or injurious treatment of a sacred object. ... Symbols of the three main Abrahamic religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam Map showing the prevalence of Abrahamic (purple) and Eastern (yellow) religions in each country. ... Lordship redirects here. ... This article is about the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... For other uses, see Vanity (disambiguation). ...


As the concept of profanity has been extended to include expressions with scatological, derogatory, racist, or sexual interpretations, the broader concept of "politically incorrect" language has emerged, with religious meaning playing a varying role, and the more vague and inclusive interpretation blurring the distinction between categories of offensiveness. This modern concept of profanity has evolved differently in different cultures and languages. For example, many profanities in Canadian French are a corruption of religious terminology (the sacres), while many English obscenities tend to refer to sexuality or scatology. A term that functions as a profanity in one language may often lack any profane quality when translated into another language. Scatology, or coprology, in medicine, biology and paleontology, is the study of feces. ... In linguistics, meaning is the content carried by the words or signs exchanged by people when communicating through language. ... Politically Incorrect was a late-night, half-hour political talk show hosted by Bill Maher that ran from 1993 to 2002. ... Canadian French is an umbrella term for the dialects or varieties of French found in Canada [1] and areas of French Canadian settlement in the United States. ... Religious terminology are the specialized terms used within the context of a particular religion as largely self-contained language system. ... Humorous cartoon from the French newspaper Le Canard Enchaîné, featuring Jacques Chirac and his wife discussing Quebec French profanity. ...


Western history

Terms of profanity have historically been taboo words. Some words that were originally considered profane have become much less offensive with the increasing secularity of society. Others, primarily racial or ethnic epithets, can be considered part of hate speech and are now considered more profane than they once were. This article is about cultural prohibitions in general; for other uses, see Taboo (disambiguation). ... Manifestations Slavery Racial profiling Lynching Hate speech Hate crime Genocide (examples) Ethnocide Ethnic cleansing Pogrom Race war Religious persecution Gay bashing Blood libel Paternalism Police brutality Movements Policies Discriminatory Race / Religion / Sex segregation Apartheid Redlining Internment Anti-discriminatory Emancipation Civil rights Desegregation Integration Equal opportunity Counter-discriminatory Affirmative action Racial...


William Shakespeare hinted at the word cunt in Hamlet, Twelfth Night and Henry V: Hamlet makes reference to "country matters" when he tries to lay his head in Ophelia's lap; Malvolio has the salacious line (although the term cunt was an accepted euphemism for vagina in the early sixteenth century) "These be her very c's, her u's, and her t's, and thus she makes her great p's"; and the French Princess Katherine is amused by the word gown for its similarity to the French con[citation needed]. Interestingly, the word cunt, while retaining its original meaning in America, has changed in meaning somewhat in Great Britain in the past thirty years. Where American usage of the word mostly refers to either female anatomy or (in extreme cases) an ill-tempered woman, cunt in the UK has attained the status of a gender-neutral insult.[citation needed] Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... For other uses, see Hamlet (disambiguation). ... Twelfth Night, or What You Will is a comedy by William Shakespeare. ... Title page of the first quarto (1600) Henry V, also known as The Cronicle History of Henry the fift, is a play by William Shakespeare based on the life of King Henry V of England. ... John William Waterhouses painting Ophelia (1894) Ophelia is a fictional character in the play Hamlet by William Shakespeare. ... A euphemism is the substitution of an agreeable or less offensive expression in place of one that may offend or suggest something unpleasant to the listener;[1] or in the case of doublespeak, to make it less troublesome for the speaker. ... Non-sexist language (gender-generic, gender-inclusive, gender-neutral, or sex-neutral language) is language that attempts to refer neither to males nor females when discussing an abstract or hypothetical person whose sex cannot otherwise be determined, as opposed to sexist language, which attempts to refer to males. ...


In the U.S. today and around the world, racial slurs are uniquely profane words in that they are highly offensive and hurtful. This is most clearly shown in the attention given to use of the word nigger, now effectively banned in American public discourse, although many African-Americans use the word nigga context is very important; thus, Americans of African descent might use 'nigger' in informal situations among themselves, without being considered offensive. Blacks are now becoming more sensitive to the word being used even amongst themselves and may still offend. The word in mention, in certain social groups, as a casual reference to black people is still in frequent use. Some mistakenly associate the unrelated word niggardly (meaning "stingy") with 'nigger." [3] As with other types of profanity,[citation needed]Words such as faggot and fag, though incidentally sexual in nature, are considered highly offensive and derogatory toward gay people, yet have undergone similar changes to nigga when being used by the gay community. The most famous example of this is prominent Sex Advice Columnist Dan Savage originally having his readers send letters with the salutation "Hey Faggot". For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Predominantly Christianity and Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... Nigga is a term used in African American Vernacular English that began as an eye dialect form of the word nigger (which is derived ultimately from the Latin word niger meaning the color black). ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Nigga is a term used in African American Vernacular English that began as an eye dialect form of the word nigger (which is derived ultimately from the Latin word niger meaning the color black). ... Faggot or fagot may refer to: Faggot (epithet), a derogatory term for a homosexual or effeminate male Faggot (wood), a bundle of sticks or branches Faggots (novel), a novel by Larry Kramer Faggot (unit of measurement), an archaic unit of measurement Fagot (pronounced with a silent T), the NATO reporting... Dan Savage speaking at Bradley University Daniel Keenan Savage (born October 7, 1964[1] near Chicago, Illinois, United States) is an openly gay American sex advice columnist, author, media pundit, journalist, and newspaper editor. ...


Many of the words now considered most 'profane' are held to be so because they were created to insult and disparage a particular group (see pejorative terms). Some of the targets of these words have however attempted to reclaim them and reduce their power as insults. Other ethnic slurs like coon, porchmonkey, tar baby, darkie (African-American), dottie (Indian/Pakistani)[citation needed], chink, gook (Asian), beaner, wetback, spick (Hispanic-American), guinea, wop, dago (Italian), honky, gringo, cracker (whites), heeb (Jewish), kraut (German -- used especially during World War II), sand nigger, raghead, towelhead, "rug merchant" (Sikh, or Arab in the US); and pejoratives like fattie, retard, and redneck or hillbilly aren't entirely profane at all times, but can be considered very offensive when used in the company of certain people, and not socially acceptable in polite settings or social situations. Terms of disparagement are pejorative terms such as yid, kike, nigger, whore, slut, fag and queer whose use usually arouses painful feelings in the target, members of the targeted group or sympathizers. ... Coon can refer to: an abbreviation for raccoon the Maine Coon, a breed of domestic cat an ethnic slur used in American, British and Australian English for people of African or aboriginal Australian descent a brand of cheese in Australia Coon Carnival, a yearly minstrel festival in Cape Town, South... A tar baby is metaphorically any sticky situation[1] that is only aggravated by efforts to solve it. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Look up chink in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The following is a list of ethnic slurs, also known as ethnophaulisms, that are, or have been, used to refer to members of a given ethnicity (or, in some cases, nationality, region, or religion) in a derogatory or pejorative manner. ... Frijoles, or refried beans, commonly used in Mexican cooking. ... Wetback or Wetbacks is a term for a Mexican laborer who, in order to obtain usually laborious work in the United States, illegally enters the country by either swimming or wading across the Rio Grande. ... The following is a list of ethnic slurs that are, or have been, used to refer to members of a given ethnicity (or in some cases, nationality, region or religion) in a derogatory or pejorative manner. ... Look up Wop in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up dago in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Honky (disambiguation). ... For the reggaeton artist, see Gringo (artist). ... Look up Cracker in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Crimes of the Passion issue Heeb is a Jewish magazine aimed at young intellectual Jews. ... The German word Kraut is a generic term that is often used in compound nouns for cabbage, cabbage products and many herbs: Sauerkraut = pickled sour cabbage Weißkraut = green cabbage Blaukraut or Rotkraut = red cabbage (also called Rotkohl) Rübenkraut = thick sugar beet syrup Bohnenkraut = Savory Unkraut = Weed The word... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... The following is a list of ethnic slurs, also known as ethnophaulisms, that are, or have been, used to refer to members of a given ethnicity (or, in some cases, nationality, region, or religion) in a derogatory or pejorative manner. ... In biochemistry, fat is a generic term for a class of lipids. ... Mental retardation (also called mental handicap[1] and, as defined by the UK Mental Health Act 1983, mental impairment and severe mental impairment[2]) is a term for a pattern of persistently slow learning of basic motor and language skills (milestones) during childhood, and a significantly below-normal global intellectual... This article is about a stereotypical description. ... Hillbilly is a term, often considered pejorative but sometimes endearing, referring to people who dwell in remote, rural, mountainous areas. ...


The offensiveness or perceived intensity or vulgarity of the various profanities can change over time, with certain words becoming more or less offensive as time goes on. For example, in modern times the word piss is usually considered mildly vulgar and somewhat impolite, whereas the King James Bible unblushingly employs it where modern translators would prefer the word urine (2 Kings 18:27; Isa 36:12) or urinate (1 Sam 25:22, 25:34; 1 Kings 14:10, 16:11, 21:21; 2 Kings 9:8). The word cunt has seen a similar evolution; its ancestor—queynte—was not considered vulgar at all, but the word is now considered among the most offensive in the English language. The King James or Authorized Version of the Bible is an English translation of the Christian Bible first published in 1611. ...


Profanity as blasphemy

The original meaning of the term was restricted to blasphemy, sacrilege or saying the Abrahamic God's name (or an identifier such as "Lord" or "God") in vain. Profanity represented secular indifference to religion or religious figures, while blasphemy was a more offensive attack on religion and religious figures, and religious people considered it sinful. For the black metal band, see Blasphemy (band). ... Sacrilege is in general the violation or injurious treatment of a sacred object. ... Symbols of the three main Abrahamic religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam Map showing the prevalence of Abrahamic (purple) and Eastern (yellow) religions in each country. ... Lordship redirects here. ... This article is about the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... For other uses, see Vanity (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Sin (disambiguation). ...


Profanities in the original meaning of blasphemous profanity are part of the ancient tradition of the comic cults, which laughed and scoffed at the deity.[4][5] An example from Gargantua and Pantagruel is "Christ, look ye, its Mere de ... merde ... shit, Mother of God."[6] Cult typically refers to a cohesive social group devoted to beliefs or practices that the surrounding culture considers outside the mainstream, with a notably positive or negative popular perception. ... Gargantua and Pantagruel is a connected series of five novels written in the 16th century by François Rabelais. ...


Severity

The relative severity of various British profanities, as perceived by the public, was studied on behalf of the British Broadcasting Standards Commission, Independent Television Commission, BBC and Advertising Standards Authority; the results of this jointly commissioned research were published in December 2000 in a paper called "Delete Expletives". It listed the profanities in order of decreasing severity, the top ten being cunt, motherfucker, fuck, wanker, nigger, bastard, prick, bollocks, arsehole, and paki in that order. About 83% of respondents regarded cunt as "very severe"; 16% thought the same about shit and 10% about crap. Only about 1% thought cunt was "not swearing"; 9% thought the same about shit and 32% of crap. Ofcom is a regulator for communication industries in the United Kingdom. ... The ITC has been superseded as the British commercial television regulator by Ofcom (the Office of Communications). ... The Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) is the independent British self regulatory organisation (SRO) of the advertising industry. ... Cunt is an English language vulgarism most commonly used in reference to vulva or vagina and, more generally, the pubis, from the mons veneris to the perineum. ... // Motherfucker (also existing in contracted forms e. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Look up wanker in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... // Nigger is a racial slur used to refer to dark-skinned people, especially those of African ancestry. ... Look up Prick in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Bollox redirects here. ... This article is about the literal anatomical structure of the anus. ... A slur can be anything from an insinuation or critical remark to an insult. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


International languages

International auxiliary languages are often assumed to have little or no profanity, but this varies from one language to another. The basic criterion for inclusion in Interlingua is widespread international use, and this can be as true of a profanity as any other word or phrase. Thus, expressions such as cunno (cunt), mierda (shit), and pipi (pee-pee) may be used in Interlingua. Culo (ass or butt) and its derivative incular (to butt-fuck) are also Interlingua expressions. Fottar (to fuck) is used much as in English, e.g., "Fotta te!" ("Fuck you!") or "Mi auto es fottate!" ("My car is fucked!"). An international auxiliary language (sometimes abbreviated as IAL or auxlang) is a language used (or to be used in the future) for communication between people from different nations who do not share a common native language. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Interlingua vocabulary. ... This article is about the auxiliary language created by the International Auxiliary Language Association. ...


Profanity in different languages and religions

For reasons of differing cultural, linguistic and historical backgrounds, the profanities of different languages place emphasis on different subject matter. Here is a list showing the main emphases for some languages:

Sacrilege is in general the violation or injurious treatment of a sacred object. ... For the black metal band, see Blasphemy (band). ... Feces (also spelled faeces or fæces) are the waste products from the digestive tract expelled through the anus during defecation. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... The word Animals when used alone has several possible meanings in the English language. ... A sex organ, or primary sexual characteristic, narrowly defined, is any of those parts of the body (which are not always bodily organs according to the strict definition) which are involved in sexual reproduction and constitute the reproductive system in a complex organism; namely: Male: penis (notably the glans penis... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Cursing can refer to: Curse Profanity ... A sex organ, or primary sexual characteristic, narrowly defined, is any of those parts of the body (which are not always bodily organs according to the strict definition) which are involved in sexual reproduction and constitute the reproductive system in a complex organism; namely: Male: penis (notably the glans penis... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Whore redirects here. ... For the black metal band, see Blasphemy (band). ... For other uses, see Dravidian (disambiguation). ... Cursing can refer to: Curse Profanity ... A sex organ, or primary sexual characteristic, narrowly defined, is any of those parts of the body (which are not always bodily organs according to the strict definition) which are involved in sexual reproduction and constitute the reproductive system in a complex organism; namely: Male: penis (notably the glans penis... Feces (also spelled faeces or fæces) are the waste products from the digestive tract expelled through the anus during defecation. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... A disease is any abnormal condition of the body or mind that causes discomfort, dysfunction, or distress to the person affected or those in contact with the person. ... Whore redirects here. ... A mental illness or mental disorder refers to one of many mental health conditions characterized by distress, impaired cognitive functioning, atypical behavior, emotional dysregulation, and/or maladaptive behavior. ... For the black metal band, see Blasphemy (band). ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Feces (also spelled faeces or fæces) are the waste products from the digestive tract expelled through the anus during defecation. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... Incest is defined as sexual relations between closely related persons (often within the immediate family) such that it is either illegal or socially taboo. ... For people named Bigot and other meanings, see Bigot (disambiguation). ... Whore redirects here. ... A sex organ, or primary sexual characteristic, narrowly defined, is any of those parts of the body (which are not always bodily organs according to the strict definition) which are involved in sexual reproduction and constitute the reproductive system in a complex organism; namely: Male: penis (notably the glans penis... Whore redirects here. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... Feces (also spelled faeces or fæces) are the waste products from the digestive tract expelled through the anus during defecation. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Feces (also spelled faeces or fæces) are the waste products from the digestive tract expelled through the anus during defecation. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... The Indo-Aryan languages (within the context of Indo-European studies also Indic[1]) are a branch of the Indo-European language family. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A sex organ, or primary sexual characteristic, narrowly defined, is any of those parts of the body (which are not always bodily organs according to the strict definition) which are involved in sexual reproduction and constitute the reproductive system in a complex organism; namely: Male: penis (notably the glans penis... Feces (also spelled faeces or fæces) are the waste products from the digestive tract expelled through the anus during defecation. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Feces (also spelled faeces or fæces) are the waste products from the digestive tract expelled through the anus during defecation. ... “Dammit” redirects here. ... For the black metal band, see Blasphemy (band). ... Feces (also spelled faeces or fæces) are the waste products from the digestive tract expelled through the anus during defecation. ... For the black metal band, see Blasphemy (band). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Intelligence (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Whore redirects here. ... A sex organ, or primary sexual characteristic, narrowly defined, is any of those parts of the body (which are not always bodily organs according to the strict definition) which are involved in sexual reproduction and constitute the reproductive system in an complex organism; namely: Male: penis (notably the glans penis... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Whore redirects here. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... A disease is any abnormal condition of the body or mind that causes discomfort, dysfunction, or distress to the person affected or those in contact with the person. ... Feces (also spelled faeces or fæces) are the waste products from the digestive tract expelled through the anus during defecation. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... Whore redirects here. ... A sex organ, or primary sexual characteristic, narrowly defined, is any of those parts of the body (which are not always bodily organs according to the strict definition) which are involved in sexual reproduction and constitute the reproductive system in a complex organism; namely: Male: penis (notably the glans penis... Feces (also spelled faeces or fæces) are the waste products from the digestive tract expelled through the anus during defecation. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Profanity is a word choice or usage which many consider to be offensive. ... Feces (also spelled faeces or fæces) are the waste products from the digestive tract expelled through the anus during defecation. ... A mental illness or mental disorder refers to one of many mental health conditions characterized by distress, impaired cognitive functioning, atypical behavior, emotional dysregulation, and/or maladaptive behavior. ... Ethnic hatred, inter-ethnic hatred, racial hatred, or ethnic tension refers to sentiments and acts of prejudice and hostility towards an ethnic group in various degrees. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Feces (also spelled faeces or fæces) are the waste products from the digestive tract expelled through the anus during defecation. ... Incest is defined as sexual relations between closely related persons (often within the immediate family) such that it is either illegal or socially taboo. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... Feces (also spelled faeces or fæces) are the waste products from the digestive tract expelled through the anus during defecation. ... Whore redirects here. ... Feces (also spelled faeces or fæces) are the waste products from the digestive tract expelled through the anus during defecation. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... For the black metal band, see Blasphemy (band). ... Whore redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Feces (also spelled faeces or fæces) are the waste products from the digestive tract expelled through the anus during defecation. ...

Severity of profanity types in European languages

In European languages the three basic types of profanity (religious, sexual, and excretory) have differing levels of severity. The type generally considered worst is listed first, down to the type generally considered least offensive.[citation needed]

  • French, Italian, Provencal: religious> sexual> excretory
  • Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch, Polish: sexual> religious> excretory
  • English: sexual> excretory> religious
  • Welsh: excretory> religious> sexual
  • Swedish: sexual> religious> excretory

Books containing famous uses of profanity

Ulysses is a novel by James Joyce, first serialized in parts in the American journal The Little Review from March 1918 to December 1920, and then published in its entirety by Sylvia Beach on February 2, 1922, in Paris. ... This article is about the writer and poet. ... The Catcher in the Rye is a novel by J. D. Salinger. ... Jerome David Salinger (born January 1, 1919) (pronounced ) is an American author, best known for his 1951 novel The Catcher in the Rye, as well as for his reclusive nature. ... This article is about the play by David Mamet. ... David Alan Mamet (born November 30, 1947) is an American author, essayist, playwright, screenwriter, and film director. ... For the film, see Gone with the Wind (film). ... Margaret Munnerlyn Mitchell (November 8, 1900 – August 16, 1949), popularly known as Margaret Mitchell was an American author, who won the Pulitzer Prize in 1937 for her novel, Gone with the Wind, published in 1936. ... François Rabelais François Rabelais (c. ... Slaughterhouse-Five, or The Childrens Crusade: A Duty Dance With Death is a 1969 novel by best-selling author Kurt Vonnegut. ... Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. ... This article is about the novel. ... David Herbert Richards Lawrence (11 September 1885 – 2 March 1930) was an English writer of the 20th century, whose prolific and diverse output included novels, short stories, poems, plays, essays, travel books, paintings, translations, literary criticism, and personal letters. ... Maniac Magee is a novel written by Jerry Spinelli and was published in 1990. ... Jerry Spinelli (b. ... Origin Hyperion is a Titan from Greek mythology. ... Dan Simmons (born April 4, 1948 in Peoria, Illinois) is an American author most widely known for his Hugo Award-winning science fiction novel Hyperion and its sequel The Fall of Hyperion. ... Hyperion is a Hugo Award-winning 1989 science fiction novel by Dan Simmons. ...

See also

Look up Profanity in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ... Profanum is the latin word for profane. ... Latin profanity is the profane, indecent, or impolite vocabulary of Latin, and its uses. ... A slur can be anything from an insinuation or critical remark to an insult. ... In some ways, Mandarin Chinese slang terms and insults resemble their English counterparts. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with American Sign Language. ... The seven dirty words are seven English words comedian George Carlin listed in his monologue Seven Words You Can Never Say on Television, released in 1972 on his album Class Clown. ...

References

  1. ^ "Definition of Profane", emphasis on original, Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, retrieved on June 5th, 2007.
  2. ^ Swearing at work boosts team spirt, morale October 17, 2007
  3. ^ For example, in a highly publicized incident in 1999, the mayor of Washington, D.C., Anthony A. Williams, pressed for the resignation of his staff member, David Howard, because Howard used the word "niggardly" in a private staff meeting (Washington Post).
  4. ^ Bakhtin 1941, "introduction", p.5-6
  5. ^ Meletinsky, Eleazar Moiseevich The Poetics of Myth (Translated by Guy Lanoue and Alexandre Sadetsky) 2000 Routledge ISBN 0415928982 p.110
  6. ^ François Rabelais, Gargantua book, chap. XVII; Mere de and merde has a close sound to "mierda" which means "shit" when translated from Spanish. Full text of Chapter 16, Rabelais and His World at Google Books.

is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Anthony Allen Tony Williams (born July 28, 1951, in Los Angeles, California) is a United States politician who served as the fifth elected mayor of the District of Columbia from 1999 to 2007. ... Professor Eleazar Moiseevich Meletinskii (also Meletinsky or Meletinskij depending on the transliteration; Russian: ) (October 22 1918 Kharkiv - December 17, 2005 Moscow) was a Russian scholar famous for his seminal studies folklore, literature, philology and the history and theory of narrative; he is one of the major figures of Russian academia... François Rabelais François Rabelais (c. ...

Bibliography - sources

  • Bakhtin, Mikhail. Rabelais and His World [1941]. Trans. Hélène Iswolsky. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993.
  • Bulcke, Camille (2001), written at Ramnagar, New Delhi, An English-Hindi Dictionary (3 ed.), S. Chand And Company Ltd., ISBN 81-219-0559-1.
  • Almond, Ian Derrida and the Secret of the Non-Secret: On Respiritualising the Profane Literature and Theology 2003 17(4):457-471; doi:10.1093/litthe/17.4.457

Mikhail Bakhtin. ...

External links

  • "Do you kiss your mother with that mouth?": The Great Internet Swear-Word Project.
  • Urban Dictionary: A slang/profanity dictionary with user-submitted definitions.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Obscenity, Indecency & Profanity (235 words)
It is a violation of federal law to air obscene programming at any time.
It is also a violation of federal law to broadcast indecent or profane programming during certain hours.
Congress has given the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) the responsibility for administratively enforcing the law that governs these types of broadcasts.
CNN.com - Sources: Cheney curses senator over Halliburton criticism - Jun 24, 2004 (473 words)
Patrick Leahy of Vermont, who was on the receiving end of Cheney's ire, confirmed that the vice president used profanity during Tuesday's class photo.
Using profanity on the Senate floor while the Senate is session is against the rules.
But the Senate was technically not in session at the time and the normal rules did not apply, a Senate official said.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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