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Encyclopedia > Production line

A production line is a set of sequential operations established in a factory whereby materials are put through a refining process to produce an end-product that is suitable for onward consumption; or components are assembled to make a finished article. A factory (previously manufactory) or manufacturing plant is a large industrial building where workers manufacture goods or supervise machines processing one product into another. ... Refining is the process of purification of a substance, usually used of a natural resource that is almost in a usable form, but which is more useful in its pure form. ...


Typically, raw materials such as metal ores or agricultural products such as foodstuffs or textile source plants (cotton, flax) require a sequence of treatments to render them useful. For metal, the processes include crushing, smelting and further refining. For plants, the useful material has to be separated from husks or contaminants and then treated for onward sale. Hot metal work from a blacksmith Look up Metal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Iron ore (Banded iron formation) Manganese ore Lead ore Gold ore An ore is a volume of rock containing components or minerals in a mode of occurrence which renders it valuable for mining. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Cotton ready for harvest. ... Binomial name Linum usitatissimum Linnaeus. ... Chemical reduction, or smelting, is a form of extractive metallurgy. ...


Early production processes were constrained by the availability of a source of energy, with wind mills and water mills providing power for the crude heavy processes and manpower being used for activities requiring more precision. In earlier centuries, with raw materials, power and people often being in different locations, production was distributed across a number of sites. The concentration of numbers of people in manufactories, and later the factory as exemplified by the cotton mills of Richard Arkwright, started the move towards co-locating individual processes. Pitstone Windmill, believed to be the oldest windmill in the British Isles A windmill is an engine powered by the energy of wind. ... A watermill is a machine constructed by connecting a water wheel to a pair of millstones. ... In physics, power (symbol: P) is the amount of work done per unit of time. ... Manpower may refer to: Manpower, the number of personnel available for a task or tasks, also used when referring to such personnel as a resource (e. ... A factory (previously manufactory) or manufacturing plant is a large industrial building where workers manufacture goods or supervise machines processing one product into another. ... The cotton mill is a type of factory that was created to house spinning and weaving machinery. ... Richard Arkwright Sir Richard Arkwright (December 23, 1732 – August 3, 1792) was an Englishman credited with the spinning frame — later renamed the water frame following the transition to water power. ...


With the development of the steam engine in the latter half of the 18th century, the production elements became less reliant on the location of the power source, and so the processing of goods moved to either the source of the materials or the location of people to perform the tasks. Separate processes for different treatment stages were brought into the same building, and the various stages of refining or manufacture were combined. A steam engine is an external combustion heat engine that makes use of the thermal energy that exists in steam, converting it to mechanical work. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ...


Oliver Evans in the United States brought the stages of the flour milling process together in the 1780s to form what is recognised as the first production line, with the output from one process being fed directly into the next. Oliver Evans Oliver Evans (13 September 1755 – 15 April 1819) was a United States inventor. ... Look up flour in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A Miller is a person who operates a mill for grinding material and usually refers to one who grinds a cereal crop to make flour. ... Nothing much really happened in the 1780s only that Mary-Anne Tobin was hung in public for wearing a flase beard and voting. ...


With increasing use of steam power, and increasing use of machinery to supplant the use of people, the integrated use of techniques in production lines spurred the industrial revolutions of Europe and the United States. From the processing of raw materials into useful goods, the next step was the concept of the assembly line, as introduced by Eli Whitney. This was taken to the next stage at the Ford Motor Company in 1913, where Henry Ford introduced the innovation of continuously moving the cars being assempled past individual work stations. Wind turbines A machine is any mechanical or organic device that transmits or modifies energy to perform or assist in the performance of tasks. ... A Watt steam engine in Madrid. ... World map showing Europe Europe is one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiographic one, leading to various perspectives about Europes borders. ... 1913 Ford Model T assembly line. ... Eli Whitney Eli Whitney (December 8, 1765 – January 8, 1825) was an American inventor and manufacturer. ... The Ford Motor Company (usually called Ford; sometimes called FoMoCo), (NYSE: F) is a multinational corporation that manufactures automobiles. ... 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Further information: Ford Motor Company Time Magazine, January 14, 1935 Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was the founder of the Ford Motor Company. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Product lining - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (453 words)
Product lining is the marketing strategy of offering for sale several related products.
Line vulnerability refers to the percentage of sales or profits that are derived from only a few products in the line.
If a line of products is sold with the same brand name, this is referred to as family branding.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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