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Encyclopedia > Production designer

Production designer is a term used in the movie and television industries to refer to the person responsible for the overall look of a filmed event such as films, TV programs, music videos or adverts. Production Designers have one of the key creative roles in the creation of motion pictures and television. Working directly with the director and producer, they must select the settings and style to visually tell the story. For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... A film producer creates the conditions for making movies. ...


From early in pre-production, the production designer collaborates with the director and director of photography to establish the visual feel and specific aesthetic needs of the project. The production designer guides key personnel in other departments such as the costume designer, the key hair and make-up stylists, the special effects director and the locations manager (among others) to establish a unified visual appearance to the film. A cinematographer (from cinema photographer) is one photographing with a motion picture camera. ... Yarkand ladies summer fashions. ... Vision can refer to: Visual perception is one of the senses. ...


The “art department” is a group of people who work with the production designer to implement the scenic elements of that vision. The art director supervises set construction and painting, as well as modifications to existing locations, such as changing signs or installing new carpet. An art director has myriad specialists reporting to them including Construction department which includes carpenters, painters, plasterers, riggers and other trades,Propmakers, greensmen (landscapers), sign painters, and scenic artists. A production illustrator, such as Mentor Huebner, provides pre-production concept art and storyboards. The set decorator, often someone with experience in interior decoration, finds decorative items for the sets such as furniture, wallpaper, knick-knacks and lighting fixtures. Working under the decorator are buyers, as well as a crew of set dressers who bring the items to the set, arrange furniture, hang curtains and “dress” the set. A prop master coordinates with the production designer, but also works closely with the director and actors to provide the items handled directly by the actors such as newspapers, weapons, musical instruments and food. For the most part, the prop crew, along with an on-set dresser, maintain the integrity of the production designer’s vision during the shoot and manipulate the items for the camera. The term art director, is an overall title for a variety of similar job functions in advertising, publishing, film and television, the Internet, and video games. ... Set construction is a process by which a set designer works in collaboration with the director of the production to create the set for a theatrical production. ... Mentor Huebner (19 July 1917 Los Angeles, California - 19 March 2001 Burbank, California) was a leading Hollywood production illustrator who did storyboards, production art and creative concepts for more than 250 films, including King Kong (1976), Blade Runner (1982) and Francis Ford Coppolas Dracula (1992). ... A set decorator is in charge of the set dressing on a film set, which includes the furnishings, wallpaper, lighting fixtures, and many of the other objects that will be seen in the film. ... Interior decoration or décor is the art of decorating a room so that it is attractive, easy to use, and functions well with the existing architecture. ... A set dresser arranges things on a film set for shooting. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


The term was created in 1939 in respect for the amount and level of design work single-handedly accomplished by William Cameron Menzies on the film Gone with the Wind. Previously, and often subsequently, the person(s) with the same responsibility had been called "art directors." Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... William Cameron Menzies (July 29, 1896 - March 5, 1957) was an Academy Award-winning and versatile art director who earned acclaim on silent films and later pioneered the use of color in film for dramatic effect. ... Gone with the Wind is a 1939 film adapted from Margaret Mitchells 1936 novel of the same name. ...


Some of the crew who work in the art department under the production designer include:

Contents

The term art director, is an overall title for a variety of similar job functions in advertising, publishing, film and television, the Internet, and video games. ... Scenic design also known as Stage design is the creation of theatrical scenery. ... A set decorator is in charge of the set dressing on a film set, which includes the furnishings, wallpaper, lighting fixtures, and many of the other objects that will be seen in the film. ... Graphic design is the applied art of arranging image and text to communicate a message. ... A model maker is a professional craftsperson who creates architectural models (see Architectural model). ...

Societies and trade organizations

  • In the United States and Canada, production designers are represented by IATSE Local 800; the Art Directors Guild.

The International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employes, or I.A.T.S.E., (Full name: International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employes, Moving Picture Technicians, Artists and Allied Crafts of the United States, Its Territories and Canada) is a labor union. ... The BFDG logo (Also known as Designers Guild or B.F.D.G. and can be seen after a members name as a professional certification abbreviation) A society of British Film Directors and Designers was founded in 1946, for the betterment of the Design in British Films. ...

Noted motion picture production designers

John Barry (1935-1979) was an influential British production designer, described by Richard Donner as a genius and best known for his work on fantasy films. ... This movie poster for Star Wars depicts many of the films important elements, such as Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo, X-Wing and Y-Wing fighters Star Wars, retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope in 1981 (see note at Title,) is the original (and in chronological... Christopher Reeve as the Man of Steel, Superman Superman, also known as Superman: The Movie, is a 1978 Warner Bros. ... Anton Furst is a distinguished production designer who won an Oscar for designing the Batmobile and the noirish nightmare version of Gotham City in Tim Burtons Batman (1989). ... Batman is an American Academy Award-winning superhero film based on the DC Comics character Batman created by Bob Kane and Bill Finger. ... Full Metal Jacket (1987) is a Stanley Kubrick film based on the novel The Short-Timers by Gustav Hasford. ... Sir Ken Adam (born 5 February 1921 as Klaus Adam) is a production designer most famous for his set designs for the early films in the James Bond series. ... Chitty Chitty Bang Bang (1964). ... 2003 Penguin Books paperback edition The Spy Who Loved Me is a James Bond novel by Ian Fleming first published in 1962. ... Barry Lyndon (1975) is an award-winning period film by Stanley Kubrick based on the novel The Luck of Barry Lyndon (1844) by William Makepeace Thackeray. ... John Allan Hyatt Box OBE, ( January 27, 1920– March 7, 2005), was a British film production designer and art director. ... Lawrence of Arabia is an award-winning 1962 film based on the life of T. E. Lawrence. ... Doctor Zhivago (Russian: Доктор Живаго) is a 1965 film directed by David Lean and loosely based on the famous novel of the same name by Boris Pasternak. ... Norman Stuart Craig OBE (born April 14, 1942) is a production designer. ... Gandhi (1982) is a multi-award-winning biopic film about the life of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (often known as Mahatma Gandhi), who was leader of the nonviolent resistance movement against British colonial rule in India during the first half of the 20th century. ... This article is about the book. ... This article is about the Harry Potter series of novels. ... Cedric Gibbons in Dublin, Ireland, (23 March 1893 - 26 July 1960 was the art director at MGM studios. ... The Wizard of Oz is a 1939 musical fantasy film based on L. Frank Baums turn-of-the-century childrens story The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, in which a resourceful American girl is snatched up by a Kansas tornado and deposited in a fantastic land of witches, talking... Sleepy Hollow (1999) is an historical horror film directed by Tim Burton, interpreting the legend of The Headless Horseman and based loosely around the Washington Irving story The Legend of Sleepy Hollow. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Peter Lamont ( November 12, 1929) is a noted set decorator, art director, and production designer most famous for working on fifteen James Bond films. ... Titanic is a 1997 romantic drama film directed, written, and co-produced by James Cameron about the sinking of the RMS Titanic. ... The Lord of the Rings film trilogy comprises three live action fantasy epic films; The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001), The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (2002) and The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003). ... Alex McDowell was born in Borneo to parents of English origin, and he is a production designer. ... William Cameron Menzies (July 29, 1896 - March 5, 1957) was an Academy Award-winning and versatile art director who earned acclaim on silent films and later pioneered the use of color in film for dramatic effect. ... Gone with the Wind is a 1939 film adapted from Margaret Mitchells 1936 novel of the same name. ... Citizen Kane is a 1941 mystery/drama film released by RKO Pictures and directed by Orson Welles, his first feature film. ... Dean Tavoularis Dean Tavoularis (born January 1, 1932) is an American motion picture production designer whos work appeared in numerious box office hits such as The Godfather movies, Apocalypse Now, The Brinks Job, One from the Heart and Bonnie and Clyde. ... The Godfather is a 1972 crime film based on the novel of the same name by Mario Puzo and directed by Francis Ford Coppola, with screenplay by Puzo and Coppola. ... UFA or Ufa may refer to: Ufa, a city in Russia Ufa, a town in Ethiopia Uniform Firearms Act, a set of laws in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Unit factor analysis, another name for dimensional analysis. ... Casablanca is an Oscar-winning 1942 romance film set during World War II in the Vichy-controlled Moroccan city of Casablanca. ...

See also

The Academy Awards are the oldest awards ceremony for achievements in motion pictures. ...

References

  • Barnwell, Jane (2004). Production Design: Architects of the Screen. FWallflower. ISBN 1-903364-55-8. 
  • Block, Bruce (2001). The Visual Story: Seeing the Structure of Film, TV, and New Media. Focal Press. ISBN 0-240-80467-8. 
  • Hans-Jürgen Tast (ed.) ANTON WEBER (1904-1979) - Filmarchitekt bei der UFA (Schellerten 2005) ISBN 3-88842-030-X;
  • Katz, Ephraim (2005). The Film Encyclopedia (5ed). Collins. ISBN 0-06-074214-3. 

External Links

  • Art Directors Guild, IATSE Local 800 Union local representing Art Directors and Production Designers.
  • ADG Art Direction Wiki Online community and knowledgebase relating to new and classic technologies relevant to the art of film design
  • British Film Designers Guild A society of British Film Directors and Designers was founded in 1946, for the betterment of the Design in British Films.
  • The Austrian Filmdesigners Association represents Production Designers, Art Directors, Costume Designers, Props Masters, Set Decorators and their assistants in Austria (VÖF - Verband Österreichischer FilmausstatterInnen).

  Results from FactBites:
 
Production Designer, Art Director, Set Designer | FILMSETS by Gert Schidor . . . (299 words)
As a Production Designer, Art Director and Set Designer, I've collaborated with producers, directors and writers to translate their ideas into visual reality.
Production designers, art directors and set designers play one of the most crucial roles in the filmmaking process.
The roles of the production designer, set designer and art director are often interchanged.
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Production designer (703 words)
Production designer is a term used in the movie and television industries to refer to the person responsible for the overall look of a filmed event such as films, TV programs, music videos or adverts.
From early in pre-production, the production designer collaborates with the director and director of photography to establish the visual feel and specific aesthetic needs of the project.
The production designer guides key personnel in other departments such as the costume designer, the key hair and make-up stylists, the special effects director and the locations manager (among others) to establish a unified visual appearance to the film.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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