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Encyclopedia > Procurator Fiscal
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The procurator fiscal is the local public prosecutor in Scotland. In countries adopting the common law adversarial system or the civil law inquisitorial system, the prosecutor is the chief legal representative of the prosecution. ... Jump to: navigation, search Royal motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (Latin: No one provokes me with impunity) (Scots: Wha daur meddle wi me) Scotlands location within the UK Languages with Official Status1 English Gaelic Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK...

For the majority of crimes in Scotland the Procurator Fiscal presents the case for the prosecution in the Sheriff and District Courts, and the case for the defence is presented either by the accused's own solicitor or by a public defender. The Sheriff Courts are the local Court system in Scotland. ... District courts are a category of courts which exists in several nations. ... This article needs to be wikified. ...

The Procurator Fiscal makes preliminary investigations into criminal cases, takes written statements from witnesses (known as precognition) and is responsible for the investigation and prosecution of crime. This includes the power to direct the police in their investigation, but except for serious crimes such as murder the police normally complete their enquiries before involving the Procurator Fiscal. Once someone has been charged with an offence and remanded in custody, the Crown must bring the case to trial within 110 days or the accused will be admitted to bail. Otherwise, in serious cases (solemn procedure) the trial must commence within 12 months of the date of first appearance in court. Precognition is a form of extra-sensory perception which allows a percipient to perceive information about future places or events before they happen (as opposed to merely predicting them based on deductive reasoning and current knowledge). ... Crown names several entities associated with monarchy: A crown (headgear), the headgear worn by a monarch, other high dignitaries, divinities etcetera. ...

The origin of the office is uncertain but, as the title suggest, the procurator fiscal may originally have been an officer of the sheriff with financial responsibilities. However, any such responsibilities had been eclipsed in the course of the eighteenth century by his duty as prosecutor in the sheriff court. In this capacity he gave concurrence in private prosecutions and prosecuted on behalf of the Crown. Until the end of the 18th century the fiscal was the sheriff's official and tenure of the office was at the preasure of the sheriff, but with the decline of private prosecution the fiscal came to be regarded more and more as under the control of the Lord Advocate. From 1776 the government started to pay procurators fiscal to take precognitions and in 1907 the right of appointing procurators fiscal was transferred to the Lord Advocate. The Crown is a term which is used to separate the government authority and property of the state in a kingdom from any personal influence and private assets held by the current Monarch. ... This article is about the year 1776. ... 1907 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...



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