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Encyclopedia > Proctitis

Proctitis (Noun) Inflammation of the rectum. Symptoms are ineffectual straining to empty the bowels (*tenesmus), diarrhoea, and often bleeding. Proctitis is invariably present in ulcerative *colitis and sometimes in *Crohn's disease. buy may occur independently (idiopathic proctitis). Rarer causes include damage by irradiation (for example in radiation therapy for cervical cancer) or by *lymphogranuloma venereum.

Definition adopted from Oxford Concise English-Chinese Medical Dicionary submitted by jfso from Hong Kong.

  Results from FactBites:
Proctitis-STD Treatment Guidelines 2006 (576 words)
Proctitis is inflammation of the rectum (i.e., the distal 10–12 cm) that might be associated with anorectal pain, tenesmus, or rectal discharge.
Proctocolitis is associated with symptoms of proctitis and diarrhea or abdominal cramps and inflammation of the colonic mucosa, extending to 12 cm above the anus.
Acute proctitis of recent onset among persons who have recently practiced receptive anal intercourse is usually sexually acquired (215,216).
Proctitis: Anal and Rectal Disorders: Merck Manual Home Edition (407 words)
Proctitis may also be caused by some bacteria not transmitted sexually, such as Salmonella, or by the use of an antibiotic that destroys normal intestinal bacteria, thus allowing other bacteria to grow in their place (see Clostridium difficile-Induced Colitis).
Another cause of proctitis is radiation therapy directed at or near the rectum, which is commonly used to treat prostate and rectal cancer.
Proctitis typically causes painless bleeding or the passage of mucus from the rectum.
  More results at FactBites »



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