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Encyclopedia > Proboscidea
?Proboscidea
Fossil range: Late Paleocene - Recent
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Proboscidea
Illiger, 1811
Groups

Jozaria (extinct)
Anthracobunidae (extinct)
Moeritheriidae (extinct)
Euproboscidea
The Paleocene, early dawn of the recent, is a geologic epoch that lasted from 65 Ma to 56 Ma (million years ago). ... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms (as opposed to folk taxonomy). ... Phyla Subregnum Parazoa Porifera (sponges) Subregnum Agnotozoa Placozoa (trichoplax) Orthonectida (orthonectids) Rhombozoa (dicyemids) Subregnum Eumetazoa Radiata (unranked) (radial symmetry) Ctenophora (comb jellies) Cnidaria (coral, jellyfish, anemones) Bilateria (unranked) (bilateral symmetry) Acoelomorpha (basal) Orthonectida (parasitic to flatworms, echinoderms, etc. ... Typical Classes Subphylum Urochordata - Tunicatas Ascidiacea Thaliacea Larvacea Subphylum Cephalochordata - Lancelets Subphylum Myxini - Hagfishes Subphylum Vertebrata - Vertebrates Petromyzontida - Lampreys Placodermi (extinct) Chondrichthyes - Cartilaginous fishes Acanthodii (extinct) Actinopterygii - Ray-finned fishes Actinistia - Coelacanths Dipnoi - Lungfishes Amphibia - Amphibians Reptilia - Reptiles Aves - Birds Mammalia - Mammals Chordates (phylum Chordata) include the vertebrates, together with... Orders Subclass Multituberculata (extinct) Plagiaulacida Cimolodonta Subclass Palaeoryctoides (extinct) Subclass Triconodonta (extinct) Subclass Eutheria (excludes extinct ancestors) Afrosoricida Anagaloidea (extinct) Artiodactyla Carnivora Cetacea Chiroptera Cimolesta (extinct) Creodonta (extinct) Condylarthra (extinct) Dermoptera Desmostylia (extinct) Dinocerata (extinct) Embrithopoda (extinct) Hyracoidea Insectivora Lagomorpha Litopterna (extinct) Macroscelidea Mesonychia (extinct) Notoungulata (extinct) Perissodactyla Pholidota Plesiadapiformes... Johann Karl Wilhelm Illiger (November 19, 1775 - May 1813) was a German entomologist who also worked on birds and mammals. ... Tribes See Text Moeritherium (the beast from Lake Moeris) was a prehistoric mammal related to the elephant and, more distantly, the sea cow. ...

Numidotheriidae (extinct)
Barytheriidae (extinct)
Deinotheriidae (extinct)
Elephantiformes
Phiomiidae (extinct)
Palaeomastodontidae (extinct)
Hemimastodontidae (extinct)
Euelephantoidea
Choerolophodontidae (extinct)
Amebelodontidae (extinct)
Gnathabelodontidae (extinct)
Gomphotheriidae (extinct)
Elephantidae
Mammutidae (extinct)
For the plant genus, see Proboscidea (genus).

Proboscidea is an order containing only one family of living animals, Elephantidae, the elephants, with three species (African Bush Elephant, African Forest Elephant, and Asian Elephant)[1]. Genera Subfamily Chilgatheriinae: Chilgatherium Subfamily Deinotheriinae: Prodeinotherium Deinotherium Deinotheriidae (terrible beasts) are a family of prehistoric elephant-like proboscideans that lived during the Tertiary period, appearing in Africa, and then speading across southern Asia (Indo-Pakistan), and Europe. ... Binomial name Phiomia serridens Andrews & Beadnell, 1902 Phiomia serridens is an extinct species of proboscid. ... The Gomphotheres are a diverse group of extinct elephant-like animals (proboscideans) that were widespread in North America during the Miocene and Pliocene epochs, 12-1. ... Genera and Species Loxodonta Loxodonta cyclotis Loxodonta africana Elephas Elephas maximus Proboscidea is an order including only one extant family, Elephantidae or the elephants, with three species: the Savannah Elephant and Forest Elephant (which were collectively known as the African Elephant), and the Asian Elephant (formerly known as the Indian... Mastodon is also a Heavy Metal Band. ... Species See text. ... Scientific classification or biological classification refers to how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Genera and Species Elephantidae (the elephants) is a family of pachyderm, and the only remaining family in the order Proboscidea. ... In biology, a species is one of the basic units of biodiversity. ... Binomial name Loxodonta africana (Blumenbach, 1797) The African Bush Elephant (Loxodonta africana) is the better-known and larger of the two species of African elephants. ... Binomial name Loxodonta cyclotis Matschie, 1900 Until recently, it was thought that the so-called African Forest Elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis) or was simply a subspecies of the African Bush Elephant(Loxodonta africana). ... Binomial name Elephas maximus Linnaeus, 1758 Asian Elephant range The Asian Elephant, sometimes known as the Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus) is one of the three living species of elephant, and the only living species of the genus Elephas. ...


During the period of the last ice age there were more, now extinct species, including a number of species of the elephant-like mammoths and mastodons. Further back in time, in the late Tertiary, there were many more different types, including the bizarre "shovel tuskers" like Platybelodon and Amebelodon. The earliest known proboscidean is Pilgrimella, and after that Moeritherium. Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... // Prepleistocene extinctions A large number of historical orders are extinct, for example dinosaurs, pterosaurs and ammonites. ... Species Mammuthus columbi   Columbian mammoth Mammuthus exilis   Pygmy mammoth Mammuthus jeffersonii   Jeffersonian mammoth Mammuthus trogontheri   Steppe mammoth Mammuthus meridionalis Mammuthus primigenius   Woolly mammoth Mammuthus lamarmorae   Sardinian Dwarf Mammoth A mammoth is any of a number of an extinct genus of elephant, often with long curved tusks and, in northern species... A Mastodon skeleton in museum in Bismarck, North Dakota. ... Neogene Period is a unit of geologic time consisting of the Miocene, Pliocene, Pleistocene, and Holocene epochs. ... A Platybelodon is a large, extinct herbivorous mammal related to the elephant (order Proboscidea). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Pilgrimella (early Eocene) - An anthracobunid (early proto-elephant condylarth), with massive molar cusps aligned in two transverse ridges. ... Tribes See Text Moeritherium (the beast from Lake Moeris) was a prehistoric mammal related to the elephant and, more distantly, the sea cow. ...


Origins

Paleontologists know of about 170 fossil species which they classify as belonging to the Proboscidea (Gr. proboskis, elephant's trunk, from pro, before, + boskein, to feed) group. The oldest dates from the early Tertiary period, over 50 million years ago. A recent discovery (December 2003) has forced a new estimate of the age of elephant-like species to around 26 million years. Most of these early elephants had four short tusks; two on the upper jaw and two on the lower. Primelephas, the ancestor of mammoths and modern elephants, appeared in the late Miocene epoch, about 7 million years ago. The evolution of the elephant-like animals mainly concerned the proportions of the cranium and jaw and the shape of the tusks and molar teeth. A paleontologist carefully chips rock from a column of dinosaur vertebrae. ... Tertiary period was previously one of the major divisions of the geologic timescale, from the end of the Cretaceous period about 65 million years ago to the start of the Quaternary period about 1. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Miocene epoch is a period of time that extends from about 23 to 5. ... Cranium can mean: The brain and surrounding skull, a part of the body. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with mandible. ... Pacific Walrus at Cape Peirce A tusk is an extremely long tooth of certain mammals that protrudes when the mouth is closed. ... Molar 47 (left), molar 46 and premolar 45(right) Molars are the rearmost and most complicated kind of tooth in most mammals. ...


References

  1. ^ Shoshani, Jeheskel (November 16, 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) Mammal Species of the World, 3rd edition, Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-801-88221-4, 90-91.
Wikispecies has information related to:
Proboscidea
Wikibooks
Wikibooks Dichotomous Key has more about this subject:
Proboscidea
Extant mammal orders by subclass
Australosphenida: Monotremata

Marsupialia: Didelphimorphia · Paucituberculata · Microbiotheria · Notoryctemorphia · Dasyuromorphia · Peramelemorphia · Diprotodontia GFDL Wikispecies logo File links The following pages link to this file: Solanaceae Species Asterias Homo (genus) Human Wikipedia:Template messages/Links Wikipedia:Template messages/All Homo floresiensis User talk:Tuneguru Template:Wikispecies Categories: GFDL images ... Wikispecies logo Wikispecies is a project supported by the Wikimedia Foundation that anybody can edit. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo-en. ... Orders Subclass Multituberculata (extinct) Plagiaulacida Cimolodonta Subclass Palaeoryctoides (extinct) Subclass Triconodonta (extinct) Subclass Eutheria (excludes extinct ancestors) Afrosoricida Anagaloidea (extinct) Artiodactyla Carnivora Cetacea Chiroptera Cimolesta (extinct) Creodonta (extinct) Condylarthra (extinct) Dermoptera Desmostylia (extinct) Dinocerata (extinct) Embrithopoda (extinct) Hyracoidea Insectivora Lagomorpha Litopterna (extinct) Macroscelidea Mesonychia (extinct) Notoungulata (extinct) Perissodactyla Pholidota Plesiadapiformes... Families Kollikodontidae(extinct) Ornithorhynchidae- Platypus Tachyglossidae- Echidnas Steropodontidae(extinct) Monotremes (monos, single + trema, hole; refers to the cloaca) are mammals that lay eggs, instead of giving birth to live young like marsupials (Metatheria) and placental mammals (Eutheria). ... Orders Superorder Ameridelphia Didelphimorphia Paucituberculata Superorder Australidelphia Microbiotheria Dasyuromorphia Peramelemorphia Notoryctemorphia Diprotodontia Marsupials are mammals in which the female typically has a pouch (called the marsupium, from which the name Marsupial derives) in which it rears its young through early infancy. ... Genera Several; see text Opossum fur is quite soft, and was once commonly used in the bathtub as a sponge. ... Genera  Caenolestes  Lestoros  Rhyncholestes The biological order Paucituberculata contains the five surviving species of shrew opossum: small, shrew-like marsupials which are confined to the Andes mountains of South America. ... Binomial name Dromiciops gliroides Thomas, 1894 Synonyms Dromiciops australis The Monito del Monte (little mountain monkey, Dromiciops gliroides) is a semi-arboreal South American marsupial which is thought to be more closely related to the marsupials of Australasia than to those of the Americas. ... Species The marsupial moles are rare and poorly understood burrowing mammals of the deserts of western Australia. ... Families Thylacinidae Dasyuridae Myrmecobiidae Most carnivorous marsupials belong to the order Dasyuromorphia, including the quolls, dunnarts, Numbat, Tasmanian Devil, and the recently extinct Thylacine. ... Families: Peroryctidae Peramelidae The order Peramelemorphia includes the bandicoots and bilbies: it equates approximately to the mainstream of marsupial omnivores. ... Suborders Vombatiformes Phalangeriformes Macropodiformes Diprotodontia is a large taxon of about 120 marsupial mammals including the kangaroos, wallabies, possums, Koala, wombats, and many others. ...


Placentalia: Afrosoricida · Macroscelidea · Tubulidentata · Hyracoidea · Proboscidea · Sirenia · Cingulata · Pilosa · Scandentia · Dermoptera · Primates · Rodentia · Lagomorpha · Insectivora · Chiroptera · Pholidota · Carnivora · Perissodactyla · Artiodactyla · Cetacea Orders Superorder Xenarthra: Pilosa Cingulata Infraclass Epitheria: Superorder Afrotheria: Afrosoricida (Golden mole and tenrec) Macroscelidea (Elephant shrew) Tubulidentata (Aardvark) Hyracoidea (Hyrax) Proboscidea (Elephant) Sirenia (Manatee, Dugong) Superorder Laurasiatheria: Chiroptera (Bats) Insectivora (Shrews, Moles) Cetacea (Whale, dolphin) Artiodactyla (Ruminants et al) Perissodactyla(Horse et al. ... Families  Chrysochloridae  Tenrecidae The order Afrosoricida (also known as Tenrecomorpha) contains two families of small mammals that are possibly a part of the traditional order Insectivora. ... Genera  Rhynchocyon  Petrodromus  Macroscelides  Elephantulus The small insectivorous mammals endemic to Africa known as elephant shrews are neither elephants nor shrews and, more formally, are the members of the biological order Macroscelidea. ... Binomial name Orycteropus afer (Pallas, 1766) The Aardvark (Orycteropus afer) is a medium-sized mammal native to Africa. ... Genera Procavia Heterohyrax Dendrohyrax A hyrax (in South African English: klipdassie) is any of four species of fairly small, thickset, herbivorous mammals in the order Hyracoidea. ... Families Dugongidae Trichechidae Hydrochichus (extinct) For information about the Gothic metal band, see Sirenia (band) The Sirenia are fully aquatic, herbivorous mammals that inhabit rivers, estuaries and coastal marine waters. ... Genera Dasypus Calyptophractus Chaetophractus Chlamyphorus Euphractus Zaedyus Cabassous Priodontes Tolypeutes Armadillos are many of several small placental mammals of the family Dasypodidae, mostly known for having a bony armor shell. ... Families Bradypodidae Megalonychidae Cyclopedidae Myrmecophagidae The order Pilosa is a group of placental mammals, extant today only in the Americas. ... Families Tupaiidae Ptilocercidae The treeshrews are small mammals native to the tropical forests of Southeast Asia. ... Species  Cynocephalus varigatus  Cynocephalus volans Colugos are arboreal gliding mammals found in South-east Asia. ... Families 15, See classification A primate (L. prima, first) is any member of the biological order Primates, the group that contains all the species commonly related to the lemurs, monkeys, and apes, with the latter category including humans. ... Families See Classification Section The order Rodentia is the most numerous of the branches on the mammal family tree. ... Families The Lagomorphs, order Lagomorpha, are an order of mammals of which there are two families, Leporidae (hares and rabbits), and Ochotonidae (pikas). ... Families Erinaceidae Soricidae Talpidae Solenodontidae The biological order Insectivora in the past was used as a scrapbasket for a variety of small to very small, relatively unspecialized, insectivorous mammals. ... Suborders Megachiroptera Microchiroptera See text for families. ... Species Manis culionensis Manis gigantea Manis temmincki Manis tricuspis Manis tetradactyla Manis crassicaudata Manis pentadactyla Manis javanica Pangolins (pănggÉ™-lÄ­n) or scaly anteaters are mammals in the Pholidota order. ... Families Ailuridae Amphicyonidae† Canidae Felidae Herpestidae Hyaenidae Mephitidae Miacidae† Mustelidae Nandiniidae Nimravidae† Odobenidae Otariidae Phocidae Procyonidae Ursidae Viverravidae† Viverridae The diverse order Carnivora pronounced: (from Latin caro flesh, + vorare to devour) includes over 260 placental mammals. ... Families Equidae Tapiridae Rhinocerotidae Brontotheriidae(extinct) Chalicotheriidae(extinct) Hyracodontidae(extinct) The odd-toed ungulates or Perissodactyla are large to very large browsing and grazing mammals with relatively simple stomachs and a large middle toe. ... Families Antilocapridae Bovidae Camelidae Cervidae Giraffidae Hippopotamidae Moschidae Suidae Tayassuidae Tragulidae The even-toed ungulates form the mammal order Artiodactyla. ... Suborders Mysticeti Odontoceti Archaeoceti (extinct) (see text for families) The order Cetacea includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Proboscidea - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (266 words)
Proboscidea is an order containing only one family of living animals, Elephantidae, the elephants, with three species (African Elephant, Forest Elephant, and Asian Elephant).
During the period of the last ice age there were more, now extinct species, including a number of species of the elephant-like mammoths and mastodons.
The earliest known proboscidean is Pilgrimella, and after that Moeritherium.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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