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Encyclopedia > Prnjavor, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Прњавор
Prnjavor
Location in Republika Srpska

Shown in bright red (click to enlarge)
The light red indicates the Republika Srpska entity
General Information
Entity Republika Srpska
Municipality area 631 km²
Population
- (est.)

52,000
- (1991 census) 46,894
Settlements 63
Area code +387 51
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
CEST (UTC+2)
Website www.prnjavor.rs.ba
Politics
Mayor Vlado Živković (SDS) [1]

Prnjavor (Cyrillic: Прњавор) is a town and municipality in northwest of Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The municipality is near the town of Banja Luka which is the de facto capital of Republika Srpska. Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Categories: Bosnia and Herzegovina | Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina | Lists of subnational entities | Bosnia and Herzegovina geography stubs ... Anthem: Bože Pravde2 (English: God of Justice) Patron Saint: Saint Stephen3 The location of Republika Srpska as part of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... 1991 Bosnia and Herzegovina Population Census was the last census of the population of Bosnia and Herzegovina taken before the Bosnian War. ... A reference to colonization, or the resulting communities. ... This is a list of dialing codes in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is a high-precison atomic time standard. ... Time zones of Europe: Pale colours indicate countries without daylight saving Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is a high-precison atomic time standard. ... A website (or Web site) is a collection of web pages, images, videos and other digital assets and hosted on a particular domain or subdomain on the World Wide Web. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... The Serb Democratic Party (Serbian: Srpska Demokratska Stranka, SDS) is a political party for Serbs in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Cyrillic alphabet (or azbuka, from the old name of the first two letters) is an alphabet used for several East and South Slavic languages; (Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Rusyn, Serbian, and Ukrainian) and many other languages of the former Soviet Union, Asia and Eastern Europe. ... Anthem: Bože Pravde2 (English: God of Justice) Patron Saint: Saint Stephen3 The location of Republika Srpska as part of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Contents

History

Even over 600 years ago peoples recognized good life surroundings in the administrative area of the present-day Municipality of Prnjavor. Although there had been some settlements from the Roman period here, only in the Middle Ages more significant colonization and settlement development as well as the construction of monasteries, one of which was Stuplje, took place. Middle age is that stage in life when physical decline has started but a person cannot be called old. ...


According to historical sources, medieval monasteries had their landed properties called PRNJAVORI, and the locals living there were called PRNJAVORCI. This is believed to be the primary reason for Prnjavor to bear the present name.


For the first time Prnjavor was mentioned in the recorded history in 1829. The settlement itself is of a more recent date. In the mid-19th century and according to te records of the travel writer Jukic, Prnjavor had about a hundred houses and around a thousand inhabitants. At the time of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between the two world wars, Prnjavor underwent more significant development followed by te oening of craftsman worshops, hotels, shops, a few manufacturing plants. Motto: One nation, one king, one country Anthem: Medley of Bože pravde, Lijepa naÅ¡a domovino, and Naprej zastava slave Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croato-Slovenian (see: Serbo-Croat and Slovenian) [1] Government Value specified for government_type does not comply King  - 1918-1921 Peter I  - 1921-1934 Alexander...


In the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Prnjavor was not developed Municipality in Bosnia and Herzegowina. Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croatian, Serbian, Croatian, Slovenian, Macedonian Government Socialist republic President  - 1945 - 1953 Ivan Ribar  - 1991 Stjepan Mesić Prime Minister  - 1945 - 1963 Josip Broz Tito  - 1989 - 1991 Ante Marković Historical era Cold War  - Proclamation November 29, 1943  - UN membership October 24, 1945  - Constitution February 21, 1974  - Secessions...


Demographics

1910

According to the 1910 census, the absolute majority in the Prnjavor Municipality were Orthodox Christians (60.89%).


1991

In 1991, the municipality of Prnjavor had a population of 46,894 people, including:

Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) or christian turks are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... Ethnic map of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2006 municipality data. ... Muslims by nationality was a term used in Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to describe people who spoke Serbo-Croatian language and professed Islam that werent identified as one of the other nations. ... Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... Coat of arms of the Bosnian and Herzegovinian Croats Ethnic map of BIH, 2006. ... Yugoslav (Bosnian, Macedonian, Serbian Cyrillic: Југословени; Latinic: Jugosloveni; Croatian: Jugoslaveni, Slovenian: Jugoslovani) was an ethnic designation used by some people in former Yugoslavia, which continues to be used in some of its successor countries. ...

2006

In 2006, the majority of inhabitants of municipality were ethnic Serbs. [2]


Demographic history

In the end of the 19th century, during Austria-Hungary, then sparsely populated area of the Municipality of Prnjavor was colonized by settlers from Eastern and Central Europe (Ukraine, Italy, Hungary, Poland, Germany, Austria, Bohemia, Slovakia, etc). At the time of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and due to numerous national minorities (about 20) Prnjavor was called "Little Europe". Except the Ukrainian, Italian and Czech national minorities the others were mainly small communities. But, even today, besides the constitutive nations of Serbs Croats, and Bosniaks small number of Hungarians, Slovaks, Germans, Polish, Slovenians, Bulgarians, Romanians, ethnic Macedonians, Jews, and Russians live in Prnjavor. Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ... Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croatian, Serbian, Croatian, Slovenian, Macedonian Government Socialist republic President  - 1945 - 1953 Ivan Ribar  - 1991 Stjepan Mesić Prime Minister  - 1945 - 1963 Josip Broz Tito  - 1989 - 1991 Ante Marković Historical era Cold War  - Proclamation November 29, 1943  - UN membership October 24, 1945  - Constitution February 21, 1974  - Secessions... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) or christian turks are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... The Bosniaks (Bosnian: BoÅ¡njaci, IPA: ) are a South Slav people living mainly in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Sandžak region of Serbia and Montenegro, with a smaller autochthonous population also present in Kosovo and Macedonia. ... Languages Macedonian Religions Macedonian Orthodox, Muslim, Protestant, Serbian Orthodox, Other, None Related ethnic groups • Slavs   â€¢ South Slavs    â€¢ South-Eastern Slavs      â€¢ Ethnic Macedonians      â€¢ Bulgarians The Macedonians[17] (Macedonian: , transliteration: ) - also referred to as Macedonian Slavs[18] - are a South Slavic ethnic group who are primarily associated with the Republic of Macedonia. ...

St. ...

Resources

Old mill on Ukrina
Old mill on Ukrina
Fishing Ground Ribnjak
Fishing Ground Ribnjak

Farmlands: 43 779 hectares/68.8% Image File history File links Ribnjak_fish. ... Image File history File links Ribnjak_fish. ...


Cultivable land: 38 264 hectares


Forest resources: 17 339 hectares


Water resources: The Ukrina River, Drenova Lake


Economy

Talking a long-term view the Municipality of Prnjavor as decided on encouraging small and medium-size business. Since the state company privatization has been going on in the last seven years, the private small and medium-size firms have been bound to absorb the social strike. The procedure of issuing building permits has been simplified and at same time building sites for new firms have been provided in due time and according to a plan. During the designing of the new egioal planning documents special attention has been paid to the need of the investment in the development of the local community. Prnjavor has become an interesting place for investors, above all for the people having earned their caital in Western European countries, where according to some estimates, some 6 000 Prnjavor`s citizens have been employed. World map showing the location of Europe. ...


In 2000 a thousand and nine hundred people were employed in the private sector, and in 2005 the number was about three thousand, which indicates the expansion of the private enterprise in Prnjavor.


Private enterprises: 300


Self-supporting shops: 850


State-owned companies and institutions: 70


The employed: 5600


The unemployed: 3600


On 31 October, 2005


Agriculture

Considering that almost four fifths of the population live in rural areas and reckoning with great areas of cultivable land, with all reason agriculture has been recognized as the key branch of the economy considering the Municipality development. In the area of Prnjavor more than 20 thousand hectares of land are cultivated while 610 hectares are planted with fruit crops.


Out of the total area of the cultivated farmlands, the cereal crops share is 77%, vegetable crops 10% while the rest has been sown with industrial crops, berries and fruit crops. New greenhouses are being constructed, health food production (organic agriculture) projects have been started which the Municipality of Prnjavor has great predispositions to due to the lack of significant industrial capacities as well as the preserved nature. Organic farming is a way of farming that avoids the use of synthetic chemicals and genetically modified organisms (GMOs), and usually subscribes to the principles of sustainable agriculture. ...


Tourism and Leisure

The great areas of timber-lands as well as the Ukrina river and Drenova lake ar good foundation for hunt and fishing development. In 2003 a record catch (a 91 kg heavy catfish) was registered a this lake, otherwise being a fishing ground. The rich fish stocks, the Ukrina`s banks covered with greenery and the old mills make this river specially attractive for all the nature and fising lovers.


The hunting grounds on Mt. Motajica, in the forest lands of Čavka and Mt. Ljubić as well as the fishing ground of Ribnjak have again become destinations for hunters from Germany, Austria and especially Italy.


"Vučijak" Lippizaner Horse Farm, founded in 1946, belongs to the group of the most famous horse farms from the time of ex Yugoslavia. There are about fifty Lippizaner head on it with significant presence of several breeding lins and stocks.


Kulaši Spa, 14 km far from Prnjavor, has een known as a sanatorium ever since Austria-Hungarian rule in this area. Therapeutic factors: water is hyperalkalescence (Ph 12,75) H2S, HS. The water is hypertermal ad its temperature is 280C. Basic water characteristics: curative, oligomineral, thermomineral, hyperalkalic, chloride and sulphide water with the presence of calcium and sodium. Indications: degeneratve skin diseas (psoriasis, eczema, hair root sebreae, acne etc.) postoperative conditions, inflammatory diseases of the bone-joint-and-muscle system, liver, stomach, kidney and urinary tract diseases etc.


Stuplje and Liplje monasteries are two twins and in books they are always mentioned together as the victims of burning during Turkish reign. After having been burnt by the Turks during Austria-Turkish war they were neglected. The foundations of Stuplje were found in Gornji Vijačani (village not far from Prnjavor) only in mid-1994. The reconstruction and building of this medieval monastery has been going on ever since.


The log-built church in Palačkovci is one of the most important cultural monuments in the Municipality. It is devoted to apostles Peter and Paul and was built in 1843 in te period of Turkish rule. In terms of its construction and engineering as well as aesthetically it is a real small master-piece of popular architecture. Even at the time of the od Yugoslavia it was decared a worldwide cultural heritage monument and was put under the protection of the state.

Stuplje Monastery
Stuplje Monastery

See also

Under the Law on Territorial Organization and Local Self-Government adopted in 1994, Republika Srpska was divided into 80 municipalities. ...

External links

  • Municipalities of Republika Srpska


 
Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Zastava Bosne i Hercegovine

Coordinates: 44°52′N, 17°39′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


 
 

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