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Encyclopedia > Privy Council

A privy council is a body that advises the head of state of a nation, typically in a monarchy. For the comedy film of the same name, see Head of State (film). ... For the documentary series, see Monarchy (TV series). ...


The word "privy" means "private" or "secret" thus a privy council was originally a committee of the monarch's closest advisors to give confidential advice on affairs of state. A committee is a (relatively) small group that can serve one of several functions: Governance: in organizations too large for all the members to participate in decisions affecting the organization as a whole, a committee (such as a Board of Directors) is given the power to make decisions. ... Confidentiality has been defined by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) as ensuring that information is accessible only to those authorized to have access and is one of the cornerstones of Information security. ...


In non-monarchial nations (e.g. the United States) the equivalent body is the "cabinet" although some nations have both a privy council organized around the monarch and a cabinet organized around the prime minister, such as the United Kingdom although here the Cabinet is technically a committe of the Privy Council. A cabinet is a body of high-ranking members of government, typically representing the executive branch. ...

Contents

United Kingdom and Commonwealth

In the United Kingdom, the Privy Council, formally Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, consists of all the members of the Cabinet, former Cabinet ministers, and other distinguished persons appointed by the Sovereign. Its functions include issuing orders in Council, granting Royal Charters, and acting as a court of appeal from British Courts in overseas territories. [1] The Cabinet remains formally a committee of the Privy Council. Her Majestys Most Honourable Privy Council is a body of advisors to the British Sovereign. ... Her Majestys Most Honourable Privy Council is a body of advisors to the British Sovereign. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the ship of the same name, see Royal Charter (ship). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Historically, several other "Privy Councils" have existed in the United Kingdom. England and Scotland once had separate Privy Councils, but the Act of Union 1707, which united the two countries into Great Britain, replaced both with a single body. Ireland, on the other hand, continued to have a separate Privy Council even after the Act of Union 1800. The Irish Privy Council was abolished in 1922, when the Irish Free State separated from the United Kingdom; it was succeeded by the Privy Council for Northern Ireland, which became dormant after the suspension of the Parliament of Northern Ireland in 1972. For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ... The Acts of Union were twin Acts of Parliament passed in 1707 (taking effect on 26 March) by the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland. ... The Act of Union 1800 merged the Kingdom of Ireland and the Kingdom of Great Britain (itself a merger of England and Wales and Scotland under the Act of Union 1707) to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on 1 January 1801. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the prior state. ... 1922 Thomas Brown (1879-1944) 1922 Hugh Pollock (1852-1937) 1922 John Miller Andrews (1871-1956) 1922 Sir Edward Archdale, Bt. ... The Parliament of Northern Ireland was the home rule legislature created under the Government of Ireland Act 1920, which existed from June 7, 1921 to March 30, 1972, when it was suspended. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Privy Council members in the UK are called Privy Counsellors and are addressed as The Right Honourable (shortened to Rt Hon). If they are members of the peerage, they are entitled to use the post-nominal letters PC. The Right Honourable (abbreviated Rt Hon, The Rt Hon, The Right Hon, Right Hon) is an honorific prefix that is traditionally applied to certain people in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the Anglophone Caribbean and in other Commonwealth Realms, and elsewhere. ... For other uses, see Peerage (disambiguation). ...


Commonwealth

The equivalent organ of state in most Commonwealth Realms and some Commonwealth Republics and their constituent provinces or states is called the Executive Council. The British Privy Council is also the ultimate judiciary body - equivalent to a Supreme Court - for many Commonwealth countries that were formerly part of the British Empire (e.g. Jamaica, Belize, Trinidad and Tobago) and Britain's continuing overseas territories (e.g. Bermuda, Falkland Islands). Privy Council decisions are not binding on courts in England, but as the judges of the Privy Council are usually the same judges who sit in the House of Lords, the decisions are considered highly persuasive. A Commonwealth Realm is any one of the 16 sovereign states that recognize Queen Elizabeth II as their Queen and head of state. ... The Commonwealth republics, shown in pink A Commonwealth republic is any one of the 31 sovereign states of the Commonwealth of Nations that have a republican form of government. ... An Executive Council in Commonwealth constitutional practice based on the Westminster system exercizes executive power and is the top tier of a government led by a Governor-General, Governor, Lieutenant-Governor or Administrator (all governors). Until the advent of responsible government, Executive Councils existed primarily to advise the governor of... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      In the law, the judiciary or judicial system is the system of courts which administer justice in the name of the sovereign or state, a mechanism for the resolution of disputes. ... The supreme court functions as a court of last resort whose rulings cannot be challenged, in some countries, provinces and states. ... The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2006 Headquarters Marlborough House, London, UK Official languages English Membership 53 sovereign states Leaders  -  Queen Elizabeth II  -  Secretary-General Don McKinnon (since 1 April 2000) Establishment  -  Balfour Declaration 18 November 1926   -  Statute of Westminster 11 December 1931   -  London Declaration 28 April 1949  Area  -  Total... The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... The House of Lords, in addition to having a legislative function, has a judicial function as a court of last resort within the United Kingdom. ...


Canada

Canada has had its own Privy Council — the Queen's Privy Council for Canada — since 1867 (though while the Canadian Privy Council is specifically "for Canada," the Privy Council discussed above is not "for the United Kingdom") as does the Jamaican government, the members of whose Privy Council advise the Governor General on the exercise of the royal prerogative of mercy. The Privy Council Office as it appeared in the 1880s The Queens Privy Council for Canada (French: Conseil privé de la Reine pour le Canada) is the council of advisers to the Queen of Canada, whose members are appointed by the Governor General of Canada for life on the... Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... A Governor-General (in Canada always, and frequently in Pakistan/India prior to the abolition of the last monarchy, Governor General) is most generally a governor of high rank, or a principal governor ranking above ordinary governors [1]. The most common contemporary usage of the term is to refer to... In the British tradition the Prerogative of Mercy is one of the historic Royal Prerogatives of the British monarch in which he or she can grant pardons to convicted persons. ...


France

Main article: Conseil du Roi

The French term conseil privé corresponds to several royal councils around the king of France during the Ancien Régime designed to prepare his decisions and give him advice. The Conseil du Roi or Kings Council is a general term for the administrative and governmental apparatus around the king of France during the Ancien Régime designed to prepare his decisions and give him advice. ... Ancien Régime, a French term meaning Former Regime, but rendered in English as Old Rule, Old Order, or simply Old Regime, refers primarily to the aristocratic social and political system established in France under the Valois and Bourbon dynasties. ...


Others

Denmark and island-nation monarchy Tonga also have Privy Councils (see Privy Council of Denmark and [1]), as did Germany (see Geheimrat). Russia and Sweden used to have Privy Councils in the past: see Supreme Privy Council and Privy Council of Sweden. Brunei has both a cabinet and a privy council. The Council of State (Statsrådet) The Council of State (Statsrådet) is the Danish Privy Council. ... Geheimrat was the title of the highest officials of a German royal or principal court. ... The Supreme Privy Council of Imperial Russia was founded on 8 February 1726 as a body of advisors to Catherine I. Originally, the council included six members — Alexander Menshikov, Fyodor Apraksin, Gavrila Golovkin, Andrey Osterman, Peter Tolstoy, and Dmitry Galitzine. ... The High Council of Sweden or Council of the Realm (in Swedish RiksrÃ¥det until 1687; sometimes Latinised as Senatus Regni Sueciae) consisted originally of those men of both noble, common and clergical background, that the king saw fit for advisory service. ... // Government Under Bruneis 1959 constitution, His Majesty Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Muizzaddin Waddaulah, is the head of state with full executive authority, including emergency powers since 1962. ...


See also

The Council of State is the name of an organ of government in many states, and especially in republics. ... State Council or National Council is the name of a major governmental body in some countries. ...

Country-related articles

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Privy Council Office as it appeared in the 1880s The Queens Privy Council for Canada (French: Conseil privé de la Reine pour le Canada) is the council of advisers to the Queen of Canada, whose members are appointed by the Governor General of Canada for life on the... In Canada the Privy Council Office is the secretariat of the federal cabinet and the department of the Prime Minister. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... The Council of State (Statsrådet) The Council of State (Statsrådet) is the Danish Privy Council. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Conseil du Roi or Kings Council is a general term for the administrative and governmental apparatus around the king of France during the Ancien Régime designed to prepare his decisions and give him advice. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Geheimrat was the title of the highest officials of a German royal or principal court. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... The Privy Council of Ireland was an institution of the Kingdom of Ireland until 31 December 1800 and of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 1801-1922. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... The Privy Council of Japan (Sumitsu-in) was an advisory council to the Emperor of Japan that operated from 1888 to 1947. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... The Executive Council of New Zealand is the body which provides the formal basis for the Cabinet. ... Northern Ireland (Irish: ) is a part of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... The Privy Council of Northern Ireland was a formal body of advisors to the Sovereign and was a vehicle for the monarchs prerogative powers in the province. ... 1922 Thomas Brown (1879-1944) 1922 Hugh Pollock (1852-1937) 1922 John Miller Andrews (1871-1956) 1922 Sir Edward Archdale, Bt. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... The Supreme Privy Council of Imperial Russia was founded on 8 February 1726 as a body of advisors to Catherine I. Originally, the council included six members — Alexander Menshikov, Fyodor Apraksin, Gavrila Golovkin, Andrey Osterman, Peter Tolstoy, and Dmitry Galitzine. ... Table of Ranks (Табель о рангах; Tabel o rangakh) was a formal list of positions and ranks in military, government, and court of the Imperial Russia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... This article is about the country. ... The Privy Council of Scotland was a body that advised the King. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... The High Council of Sweden or Council of the Realm (in Swedish RiksrÃ¥det until 1687; sometimes Latinised as Senatus Regni Sueciae) consisted originally of those men of both noble, common and clergical background, that the king saw fit for advisory service. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tonga. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Thailand. ... The King of Thailand appoints a Privy Council of advisors. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Her Majestys Most Honourable Privy Council is a body of advisors to the British Sovereign. ... The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council is one of the highest courts in the United Kingdom. ...

External links

  • Privy Council Office
  • Membership of the British Privy Council

References

  1. ^ Reader's Digest (1976). The Reader's Digest Great Encyclopaedic Dictionary, Volume 3, Edition 3, The Reader's Digest Association Limited. 

  Results from FactBites:
 
PRIVY COUNCIL - LoveToKnow Article on PRIVY COUNCIL (4326 words)
During the Tudor period the council grew in importance; it became useful to the Crown as a vehicle for straining prerogative to the utmost.
A representative council of thirty members came into being and attempted to carry out the new scheme, but the king, after a short trial, held to his old opinion that the numbers of the council made it unfit for the secrecy and despatch which are necessary in many great affairs.
The lord chancellor, the lords of appeal in ordinary, the president of the probate division, the lord president of the court of session in Scotland, the lord justice clerk and the lord advocate of Scotland are always privy councillors, as are the archbishops of Canterbury and York and the bishop of London.
Privy council - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (318 words)
A privy council is a body that advises the head of state of a nation, especially in a monarchy.
The Irish Privy Council was abolished in 1922, when Southern Ireland separated from the United Kingdom; it was succeeded by the Privy Council for Northern Ireland, which became dormant after the suspension of the Parliament of Northern Ireland in 1972.
The British Privy Council was formerly the court of final adjudication for Hong Kong.
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