FACTOID # 2: Puerto Rico has roughly the same gross state product as Montana, Wyoming and North Dakota combined.
 
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Encyclopedia > Private law

Private law is that part of a legal system which is part of the jus commune that involves relationships between individuals, such as the law of contracts or torts, as it is called in the common law, and the law of obligations as it is called in civilian legal systems. It is to be distinguished from public law, which deals with relationships between natural and artificial persons (i.e., individuals, business entities, non-profit organizations) and the state including regulatory statutes, penal law and other law that effects the public order. Jus commune or ius commune is Latin for common law. ... Law (from the Old Norse lagu) in politics and jurisprudence, is a set of rules or norms of conduct which mandate, proscribe or permit specified relationships among people and organizations, intended to provide methods for ensuring the impartial treatment of such people, and provide punishments of/for those who do... A contract is a promise or an agreement that is enforced or recognised by the law. ... In the common law, a tort is a civil wrong, other than a breach of contract, for which the law provides a remedy. ... This article concerns the common-law legal system, as contrasted with the civil law legal system; for other meanings of the term, within the field of law, see common law (disambiguation). ... The Law of Obligations is one of the component elements of the civil law system of law and encompasses contractual obligations, quasi-contractual obligations such as unjust enrichment and extra-contractual obligations. ... Civil law has at least three meanings. ... Public law is the area of the law governing the relationship between individuals (citizens, companies) and the state. ... In jurisprudence, a natural person is a human being perceptible through the senses and subject to physical laws, as opposed to an artificial person, i. ... A legal entity is a legal construct through which the law allows a group of natural persons to act as if it were an individual for certain purposes. ... In common speech, the word individual most often refers to a person, or, by analogy, to any specific object in a group of things. ... The term business entity refers generally to any organization engaged in business activities, regardless of legal structure. ... A nonprofit organization (sometimes abbreviated to not-for-profit, non-profit, or NPO) is an organization whose primary objective is to support some issue or matter of private interest or public concern for non-commercial purposes. ... A state is an organized political community, occupying a territory, and possessing internal and external sovereignty, which successfully claims the monopoly of the use of force. ... A statute is a formal, written law of a country or state, written and enacted by its legislative authority, perhaps to then be ratified by the highest executive in the government, and finally published. ... In the most general sense, penal is the body of laws that are enforced by the State in its own name and impose penalties for their violation, as opposed to civil law that seeks to redress private wrongs. ... In urban planning, the notion of public order refers a city containing relatively empty (and orderly) spaces; which allow for flexibility in redesiging the citys layout; such perceptions played an important role in the establishments of suburbs. ...


In general terms, public law involves interrelations between the state and the general population, whereas private law involves interactions between private citizens.


The concept of private law in common law countries is a little more broad, in that it also encompasses private relationships between governments and private individuals or other entities. That is, relationships between governments and individuals based on the law of contract or torts are governed by private law, and are not considered to be within the scope of public law. This article concerns the common-law legal system, as contrasted with the civil law legal system; for other meanings of the term, within the field of law, see common law (disambiguation). ... Law (from the Old Norse lagu) in politics and jurisprudence, is a set of rules or norms of conduct which mandate, proscribe or permit specified relationships among people and organizations, intended to provide methods for ensuring the impartial treatment of such people, and provide punishments of/for those who do... A contract is a promise or an agreement that is enforced or recognised by the law. ... In the common law, a tort is a civil wrong, other than a breach of contract, for which the law provides a remedy. ... Public law is the area of the law governing the relationship between individuals (citizens, companies) and the state. ...


Areas in private law

  • Family law family-related issues and domestic relations including, but not limited to marriage, civil unions, divorce, spousal abuse, child custody and visitation, property, alimony, and child support awards, as well as child abuse issues, and adoption.
  • Commercial law, often considered to be part of civil law, covers Michael and Mcewen relations including Gibba and Chud muffin.

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Idea of a Private Law Society by Hans-Hermann Hoppe (4398 words)
The institution of private property and in particular the establishment of private property by means of original appropriation are frequently referred to as "conventions." However, as should have become clear, this is false.
In order to maintain law and order, it is necessary that the members of society be prepared and equipped to pressure anyone who does not respect the life and property of others to acquiesce to the rules of society.
In fact, the former objectionable schism and inequality of the higher law of kings versus the subordinate law of ordinary subjects is fully preserved under democracy in the separation of public versus private law and the supremacy of the former over the latter.
Private Law Firms (465 words)
The vast majority of lawyers in the United States are involved in the private practice of law, either in law firms or in solo practice.
Very few graduates of Cornell Law initially “hang out their shingle” and engage in law practice by themselves, but this is in fact what most graduates of many law schools do upon graduation.
The positive side of solo practice is the independence; the negative sides are the financial uncertainties, and for the new lawyer, the lack of a mentoring relationship with an experienced attorney.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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