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Encyclopedia > Private University
University Portal

A private university is a university that is run without the control of any government entity,[1] as opposed to public universities. Private universities are common in Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Chile, India, Iraq, Ireland, Japan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mexico, Pakistan, Portugal, and the United States but do not exist in some countries. Tuition fees at private universities tend to be much higher than at public universities.[2] Image File history File links Portal. ... For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ... A public university is an institution of higher education that is funded by public means through a national or regional government. ... Tuition means instruction, teaching or a fee charged for educational instruction especially at a formal institution of learning. ... A public university is an institution of higher education that is funded by public means through a national or regional government. ...

Contents

Australia

Bond University is Australia's first private university, founded in 1987.[3] It runs three semesters per year (correlating exactly with the Northern and Southern Hemispheres' schedules), which allows a student to complete a six semester degree in two years and an eight semester degree (e.g. Law) in under three years.[4] For other uses, see Bond. ...


Since Bond University's foundation, the University of Notre Dame Australia has also been founded as a private university, in 1989. They remain Australia's only private universities.[citation needed] The University of Notre Dame Australia is a private Roman Catholic university established in 1990 in the Western Australian port city of Fremantle, . While the University of Notre Dame Australia has strong collegial links[1] with the American University of Notre Dame located in South Bend, Indiana, they are separate...


Melbourne University, a public university, owned a private university called Melbourne University Private from 1998 to 2005. The private university was not successful, losing $A 20 000 000 over its life. The University of Melbourne, located in Melbourne, in Victoria, is the second oldest university in Australia (the University of Sydney is the oldest). ... Melbourne University Private (MUP) was a private university spinoff founded by the University of Melbourne in Australia, which operated from July 1998 to 2005. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... ISO 4217 Code AUD User(s) Australia 6 countries and territories Kiribati Nauru Tuvalu Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Norfolk Island Inflation 4. ...


Austria

In Austria, institutions must be authorised by the state to legally grant academic degrees. In 1999, a federal law (Universitäts-Akkreditierungsgesetz) was passed to allow the accreditation of private universities. The Akkreditierungsrat (accreditation council, [5]) evaluates applicants and issues recommendations to the responsible accreditation authority, the Austrian Federal Ministry of Science and Research. A degree is any of a wide range of status levels conferred by institutions of higher education, such as universities, normally as the result of successfully completing a program of study. ... Accreditation is a process by which a facilitys services and operations are examined by a third-party accrediting agency to determine if applicable standards are met. ...


Accreditations must be renewed regularly and can be withdrawn, e.g. in case of repeated academic misconduct. In 2003, the accreditation of International University Vienna was withdrawn. In 2006, when the accreditation of IMADEC University expired, the accreditation council rejected the request for renewal. International University Vienna is a private institution located in Vienna, Austria. ... IMADEC University is a private business and law school located in Vienna, Austria. ...


Austrian law demands private universities use the term Privatuniversität (literally "private university") within their German name, although the formal name in other languages, e.g. in English, is not regulated. While the legal definition of "private university" prohibits funding by the Republic of Austria, it still allows funding by other public bodies. Consequently, some of Austria's private universities are funded by provincial governments. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


Accreditation of private universities started in 2001. Today, there are 12 private universities in Austria. Most of them are small (fewer than 1000 students) and specialised in only one or two fields of study:

Two former private universities are not accredited any more: Anton Bruckner Private University for Music, Drama, and Dance (common short forms are Anton Bruckner Private University or just Bruckner University) is one of four universities in Linz, the capital of Upper Austria. ... For the town in Germany, see Linz am Rhein. ... The Catholic-Theological Private University Linz is one of four universities in Linz, the capital of Upper Austria, with c. ... The Konservatorium Wien is the music conservatory in Vienna, Austria. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of the Austrian state of Salzburg. ... PEF Private University of Management in Vienna was accredited by the Austrian Accreditation Council as Private University in June 2002. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... The Grazer Schloßberg Clock Tower Graz [graːts] (Slovenian: Gradec IPA: /gra. ... New Design University (official German name: Privatuniversität der Kreativwirtschaft) is a private university in St. ... St. ... Hall in Tirol is a town in Austria. ... The Sigmund Freud University of Vienna (SFU) was accredited as a private university by the Austrian Accreditation Council in August 2005. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... Webster University Vienna is the Austrian branch of Webster University. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized...

  • International University Vienna: Accreditation was withdrawn due to academic misconduct
  • IMADEC University: First accreditation period ended in January 2006 and was not renewed

International University Vienna is a private institution located in Vienna, Austria. ... IMADEC University is a private business and law school located in Vienna, Austria. ...

Bangladesh

Private university system in Bangladesh started in 1992 and all the private universities in Bangladesh are established under the Private University Act 1992[5]. During the early 90's government as well as the civil society of Bangladesh felt that existing public universities are not sufficient to meet the constantly increasing high demand of higher education in Bangladesh.[original research?] Moreover, to maintain the quality education most of the reputed public universities kept themselves extremely selective and each year a large number of students failed to get admitted into the higher educational institutions.[weasel words][citation needed] All those issues leaded them to permit private sectors to establish universities. On 9 August, 1992, the Private University Act (Act 34) 1992 was passed and with in the next few years a good number[clarify] of private universities were established in Dhaka, Chittagong, Rajshahi and Sylhet. North South University (1992) was the first private university in Bangladesh. Independent University, Bangladesh (1993), American International University-Bangladesh (1994), Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology(1995), East West University(1996 are some earliest private universities of the country. In recent time some new private universities have started functioning in Bangladesh. Some of these are,University of Liberal Arts Bangladesh[ULAB](2002) Sylhet International University ;SIU(2001),),[SOUTH EAST UNIVERSITY,BANANI,DHAKA] (2002), [Uttara University] (2003), United International University (2003). The University Grant Commission is the monitoring body for all the private and public universities in Bangladesh.[6] Dhaka (previously Dacca; Bengali: Ḍhākā; IPA: ) is the capital of Bangladesh and the principal city of Dhaka District. ... This article is about Chittagong as a city in Bangladesh. ... Padma River flows besides Rajshahi City Rajshahi (Bangla: রাজশাহী) is a city in Rajshahi District in northwestern Bangladesh. ... Sylhet (previously Shilhat and Jalalabad; Sylheti: Bengali: সিলেট, SileÅ£) is a major city in north-eastern Bangladesh. ... For other uses, see NSU disambiguation North South University (Bengali: ) or NSU is the first private university in Dhaka, Bangladesh[1] [2] established in 1992 under the Private University Act 1992[3]. NSU was ranked as the fifth among all universities in Bangladesh by Webometrics and the third among private... Independent University, Bangladesh (Bangla: ইনডিপেন্ডেন্ট বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়) or IUB is one of the finest private sector universities of higher education in the country. ... Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology (Bangla: আহসানউল্লাহ্ বিজ্ঞান ও প্রযুক্তি বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়) (AUST) is a technical university located in Dhaka, Bangladesh. ... Nickname EWU Affiliations University Grants Commission Website http://www. ... United International University (Bengali: ) or (UIU) is a private university located in Dhaka, Bangladesh. ... The University Grants Commission (UGC) of Bangladesh was established on 16th December, 1972. ...


China

In the late 19th and early 20th century the first private universities in China were founded by missionaries, such as St. John's University and Aurora University in Shanghai, Yenching University in Beijing (Peking), and Ginling Women's University and University of Nanking in Nanjing (Nanking). During the Republican era, all public universities were all designated "National Universities". (This is still the case in Taiwan, where the Republic of China still exists e.g. National Taiwan University.) Aurora University in Aurora, Illinois is a private liberal arts college that admits both men and women students to four-year undergraduate, masters and doctoral degree programs. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Yenching University was a notable university in Peking (present-day Beijing) in China. ... Peking redirects here. ... Ginling College (also known as Ginling Womens University and Ginling Womens College of Arts and Sciences, 金陵女子文理学院,金陵女子大学) was a Christian university founded in 1913 in Nanjing, China. ... The University of Nanking (金陵大学) was a Christian university founded in 1888 in Nanjing, China. ... For other uses, see Nanjing (disambiguation). ... ‹ The template below (History of China - BC) is being considered for deletion. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... National Taiwan University (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Tongyong Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kuo2-li4 tai2-wan1 ta4-hsüeh2; POJ: Kok-li̍p Tâi-ôan Tāi-ha̍k; abbreviation NTU)[2] is a national university in Taipei City, Taiwan. ...


All universities were made public following the 1949 revolution and the establishment of the People's Republic of China (PRC). The first private university in the PRC is Sanda University, founded in 1992 offering until 2001 only certificates and diplomas. As of 2002, it was officially allowed to offer undergraduate level courses, and now offers instruction in a variety of subjects as approved by the state. Belligerents Nationalist Party of China Communist Party of China Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Mao Zedong Strength 4,300,000 (July 1946) 3,650,000 (June 1948) 1,490,000 (June 1949) 1,200,000 (July 1946) 2,800,000 (June 1948) 4,000,000 (June 1949) The Chinese Civil War... Sanda University (上海杉达学院) was the first private university in China, located in Shanghai. ...


Chile

In the 80s the government of Pinochet split up of Chile's few but large universities into minor private owned universities. Chiles traditional universities lost almost all their campuses outside Santiago to these new universities. Almost all Chilean's private universities are for-profit. Despite of a growing number of private universities, as of 2006, Chile's most prestigious universities continued to be two state owned universities. General Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte1 (born November 25, 1915) was head of the military government that ruled Chile from 1973 to 1990. ... In Chile, the term Universidades Tradicionales (Traditional Universities) is used to denote the group of universities founded before the 1980s. ... Location of Santiago commune in Greater Santiago Coordinates: , Region Province Foundation February 12, 1541 Government  - Mayor Raúl Alcaíno Lihn Area 1  - City 22. ...


Germany

In Germany, Witten/Herdecke University was the first private university, founded in 1982. In the 1990s many private universities were newly founded and today, there are 63 private universities and universities of applied sciences in Germany. However, all German private universities are relatively small and the 233 public universities in the country are therefore more important within the German higher education system. Witten/Herdecke University, with just over 1000 students, is also the largest private university in Germany. Most German private universities specialise in relatively few majors, most often in business and information technology related subjects. Main building of the Universität Witten/Herdecke Witten/Herdecke University (UWH) is a private university at the city Witten in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... A Fachhochschule (plural: Fachhochschulen) or University of Applied Sciences in Austria, Germany, Liechtenstein and Switzerland is a university specialized in certain topical areas (e. ... In economics, a business (also called firm or enterprise) is a legally recognized organizational entity designed to provide goods and/or services to consumers or corporate entities such as governments, charities or other businesses. ... Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information Technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ...


There are also 43 so called church-run universities in Germany, founded and operated by churches. In most other countries they would be considered to be private universities since they are run without the control of a government entity. German law defined church-run universities as a third type of university besides public and private institutions. Church-run universities specialise in church music, nursing, religious education, social work, special needs education, curative/therapeutic education, philosophy and theology. One of the most outstanding is Catholic University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt. Another example is the Hochschule für Philosophie operated by the Society of Jesus (Jesuits). The Hochschule is a School of Philosophy that provides a special offering in ethics and philosophy of religion. The Jesuit Faculty of Philosophy in Munich works with questions pertinent to the modern world by offering an informed perspective to the discussion. Christian music is music created by or adapted for the Christian church. ... This article is about the practice in general. ... This article is about the teaching of religion. ... Social Workers are concerned with social problems, their causes, their solutions and their human impacts. ... Special education (Also known as special ed, SPED or defectology) refers euphemistically to the teaching of students with a learning disability, a developmental disability or a behavioral problem, or to that of gifted children. ... For other uses, see Philosophy (disambiguation). ... Theology finds its scholars pursuing the understanding of and providing reasoned discourse of religion, spirituality and God or the gods. ... The Katholische Universität Eichstätt-Ingolstadt is a Catholic university in Eichstätt, Bavaria, Germany. ... Seal of the Society of Jesus. ...


Hungary

Central European University is a US-licensed and accredited university based in Budapest, Hungary. ... The European University Association (EUA) is the main voice of the higher education community in Europe. ...

Hong Kong

Hong Kong Shue Yan University (HKSYU or SYU) (traditional Chinese: ), formerly Hong Kong Shue Yan College (traditional Chinese: ), is the first private liberal arts university in Hong Kong. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

India

In India, privately funded institutions are in existence since independence, but they were not recognised as private univeristies. Many private universities (or institutions classified as universities by the University Grants Commission (India) or those that define themselves as university) have come up only recently. Many of these universities offer multidisciplinary professional courses similar to state funded universities, however institutions offering single stream specialization programs are also in existence. The University Grants Commission of India is a central government body that provides funds for government-recognised universities. ...


Manipal University, Manipal- Karnataka, is india's first private University. It has over 20 constituent colleges that offer over 180 programs in 14 disciplines. Manipal University is one of the few globally renowned private universities of India and is the preferred destination of students from over 55 countries. Manipal University is a deemed university in Manipal, Karnataka, India. ...


Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS), in Pilani, Rajasthan and Birla Institute of Technology, Ranchi, Jharkhand, SRM University, Chennai are some of the other well respected private universities in India that are considered as being competitive with the Indian Institutes of Technology. Thapar University in Patiala, Punjab is a well known private engineering college of north India. These universities have been awarded with the 5 star ranking by NAAC. Birla Institute of Technology & Science, Pilani, Rajasthan, India (popularly known as BITS Pilani) is one of the oldest leading technology schools of India. ... , Pilani is a town in the Jhunjhunu District in Rajasthan, India and is the home to Birla Institute of Technology and Science, BK Birla Institute of Engineering & Technology, Pilani, and CEERI (Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute). ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... Institute Main Building, BIT Mesra Birla Institute of Technology Mesra, (Hindi: बिरला प्रौद्योगिकी संस्थान मेसरा ) (commonly known as BIT, Mesra or BIT, Ranchi) is a premier autonomous engineering institute located at Ranchi in India and is reputedly one of the top ten engineering institutes in the country today. ... For the ship, see SS Ranchi. ... , Jharkhand   (Hindi: झाड़खण्ड, Bengali: ঝাড়খণ্ড,IPA: ) is a state in eastern India. ... Location of IITs The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), are a group of seven autonomous engineering and technology-oriented institutes of higher education established and declared as Institutes of National Importance by the Government of India. ... Thapar University- Previously Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology(TIET)(before 2007)- was founded in 1956 by Karam Chand Thapar of the Thapar Group of companies. ... , Patiala   (Punjabi: ਪਟਿਆਲਾ) is a city in the Punjab state of India. ... , This article is about the Indian state of Punjab. ...


Many institutes Specializing in management education (like Xavier Labour Relations Institute, and The Indian Institute of Planning and Management) have been around since the 1940s and the 1970s respectively. Some of the noted private universities in western India are the Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai, and D. Y Patil University, Navi Mumbai XLRI (formerly known as the Xavier Labour Relations Institute) is an Indian business school, located in the steel city of Jamshedpur. ... The Indian Institute of Planning and Management (IIPM) is a private unaccredited educational institute in India. ...


Vedanta University, near Bhubaneswar, Orissa will be India's first large multidisciplinary university.[8]. It will start functioning in 2008. Anil Agarwal, a successful Indian businessman who heads the London based Vedanta Resources corporation and Naveen Patnaik, the Chief Minister of Orissa state in India, have signed a memorandum of understanding to create Indias first and only world class, multidisciplinary university, Vedanta University. ... , Bhubaneswar   (Oriya: ଭୁବେନଶ୍ବର, Hindi: भुवनेश्वर, in Sanskrit and Oriya/oDiA, The Lord of the Universe) is the capital and largest city of the Indian state of state of Orissa, India. ... , Orissa   (Oriya: ଓଡ଼ିଶା), is a state situated on the east coast of India. ...


Ireland

In Ireland, a private university (more commonly known as a private college) is one that is not funded by the state, and therefore not covered by the free-fees initiative. All universities, Institutes of Technology, Colleges of Education, as well as the National College of Ireland and some religious institutions are publicly funded and therefore covered by free-fees. There are few private colleges, and they are highly specialised, such as Griffith College Dublin, Dorset College and Dublin Business School. This is a list of colleges and universities in the Republic of Ireland, some colleges are constituent colleges of universities. ... A Regional Technical College (RTC) (Irish: )is a type of college in Ireland now replaced by an Institute of Technology (IT). ... A college (Latin collegium) can be the name of any group of colleagues; originally it meant a group of people living together under a common set of rules (con-, together + leg-, law). As a consequence members of colleges were originally styled fellow and still are in some places. ... Not to be confused with National University of Ireland. ... The college logo Griffith College Dublin (GCD) is a private college located on South Circular Road in Dublin, Ireland. ... Dublin Business School (DBS) is one of the leading independent business colleges in Ireland and provides a comprehensive range of undergraduate, graduate, professional and executive education programms. ...


Iraq

See Private Universities in Iraq


Japan

As of 2007, there are 568 private universities, while there are 87 national universities and 89 public universities.[9]. Private universities thus account for about 3/4 of all universities in Japan. Like public and national universities, many private universities use National Center Test for University Admissions as an entrance exam. There are 89 National Universities (kokuritsu daigaku 国立大学) in Japan. ... A public university is an institution of higher education that is funded by public means through a national or regional government. ... An entrance examination is an examination that educational institutions use to select students for admission. ...


Lebanon

There are 19 private universities in Lebanon.[10] Among theses universities, two are internationally acknowledged, namely, the American University of Beirut and the Lebanese American University.[11] The languages of teaching in private universities are mainly French and English, while Arabic is widely used in religious universities and Armenian in the Armenian university. The first university opened in Lebanon was the Syrian Protestant College in 1866 (Became the American University of Beirut in 1921). It was founded by Daniel Bliss a Protestant missionary. The second university opened in Lebanon was the, Université Saint-Joseph, founded by the Jesuits in 1875. The American University of Beirut (AUB; Arabic: ‎) is a private, independent university in Beirut, Lebanon. ... The Lebanese American University is an American institution chartered by the Board of Regents of the University of the State of New York and operating in Lebanon. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Arabic redirects here. ... Université Saint-Joseph (USJ) is a private higher institute of education founded by the Jesuits in 1875 in Beirut, Lebanon, known for its school of medicine and its hospital, Hôtel-Dieu de France. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ...


The Netherlands

In the Netherlands there is one private university named Nyenrode. This University is founded in 1946 and still active as a Graduate School for Business. You can get your master degree in Management and do an MBA. Both programmes are though in English. Recently they merged with the institute for CPA education and they share their facilities. the Nyenrode Business University also contains a campus and highly active student life. In the Netherlands this is unique. The Dutch HBOs (universities of applied science) count more private institutes like the Nootenboom University for Business and the IVA for the Automotive industry. Universiteit Nyenrode is Hollands leading business school and only private university. ... IVA is the name given to the Portuguese tax Imposto sobre Valor Acrescentado, the equivalent to the British VAT. As of 2005, IVA taxes primary necessity articles (such as food, medicine and cultural products) with a 5% value on top of the regular price, and most consumer products with a...


Pakistan

Main article: Higher Education Commission of Pakistan

The Higher Education Commission (HEC), formerly the University Grant Commission, is the primary regulator of higher education in Pakistan. It also facilitates the development of higher educational system in Pakistan[1]. Its main purpose is to upgrade the List of universities in Pakistan to be world-class centres of education, research and development. The Higher Education Commission (HEC), formerly the University Grant Commission, is the primary regulator of higher education in Pakistan. ... The following is a list of major universities in Pakistan, organized by subnational entities. ...


The HEC is also playing a leading role towards building a knowledge based economy in Pakistan by giving out hundreds of doctoral scholarships for education abroad every year. In spite of the criticism of HEC, its creation has also had a positive impact on higher education in Pakistan. In their two year report for 2004 to 2006 it is mentioned that according to the Institute of Scientific Information, the total number of publications appearing in the 8,000 leading journals indexed in the web of Science arising out of Pakistan in 2005 was 1,259 articles, representing a 41% increase over the past two years and a 60% increase since the establishment of HEC in 2002. In addition the HEC digital library now provides access to over 20,000 leading research journals, covering about 75% of the world's peer reviewed scientific journals.


Until 1991, there were only two recognized private universities in Pakistan: Aga Khan University established in 1983; and Lahore University of Management Sciences established in 1985. By 1997, however, there were 10 private universities and in 2001-2002, this number had doubled to 20. In 2003-2004 Pakistan had a total of 83 private degree granting institutions. The Aga Khan University (AKU) is an elite coeducational university in Pakistan. ... The Main Entrance. ...


The rapid expansion of private higher education is even more remarkable if we look at the number of institutions established on a year-by-year basis. In 1997, for instance, three private institutions were established; in 2001 eleven new private institutions were opened; and in 2002 a total of 29 private sector institutions sprung up.


The HEC website also points to a 40% increase in enrollment in universities in Pakistan over the last two years, which it attributes to efforts on its part to encourage higher education in the country.


Portugal

The oldest non-state-run university, the Universidade Católica Portuguesa - UCP (Catholic University of Portugal), a catholic private university (concordatory status) with branches in the cities of Lisbon, Porto, Braga, Viseu, and Figueira da Foz, was founded before the others, in 1967, and officially recognized in 1971. UCP offers some well-recognized degrees and is reputed for law and business management degrees it awards at its Lisbon and Porto branches. After the Carnation Revolution of 1974, in the 1980s and 1990s, a boom of educational private institutions was experienced in Portugal and many private universities started to open. Most private universities had a poor reputation and were known for making it easy for students to enter and also to get high grades. In 2007, several of those private universities or their heirs, were investigated and faced compulsory closing (for example, the infamous Independente University closing and the Moderna University scandals) or official criticism with recommendations that the state-managed investigation proposed for improving their quality and avoid termination. In the mid-2000s, within the Bologna process, a reorganization of higher education was started which included more stringent regulations for private education and expanded state policies with regard to private education quality assurance and educational accreditation. In general, the private higher education institutions were often considered the schools of last resort for underachieving applicants who didn't score enough points in the admission examinations to enter the main public institutions. Nearly open-admission policies have hurt private universities' reputation and the actual quality of their alumni. Without large endowments like those received, for example, by many US private universities and colleges which are attractive to the best scholars, researchers and students, the private higher education institutions of Portugal, with a few exceptions, do not have neither the financial support nor the academic profile to reach the highest teaching and research standards of the top Portuguese public universities. In addition, the private universities have faced a restrictive lack of collaboration with the major enterprises which, however, have developed fruitful relationships with many public higher education institutions. Most Portuguese private universities specialise in a limited number of fields, most often in the social sciences and humanities. Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education logo Higher education in Portugal is divided into two main subsystems: university and polytechnic education, and it is provided in autonomous public universities, private universities, public or private polytechnic institutions and higher education institutions of other types. ... The Portuguese Catholic University (UCP - Universidade Católica Portuguesa) is a private university of the Catholic Church, in Portugal. ... A concordat is an agreement between the pope and a government or sovereign on religious matters. ... For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). ... Oporto redirects here. ... For other uses, see Braga (disambiguation). ... Location  - Region  - Subregion  - District or A.R.   {{{Region}}} {{{Subregion}}} Viseu Mayor  - Party Fernando Ruas PSD Area 507. ... Figueira da Foz, is a city of the district of Coimbra, in Portugal. ... The Carnation Revolution (Portuguese, Revolução dos Cravos) was an almost bloodless, leftist, military-led coup détat, started on April 25, 1974, in Lisbon, Portugal, that effectively changed the Portuguese regime from an authoritarian dictatorship to a liberal democracy after two years of a transitional period known as PREC... Moderna University (Universidade Moderna) is a Portuguese private university headquartered in Lisbon, with departments in Setúbal, Porto and Beja. ... The purpose of the Bologna process (or Bologna accords) is to create the European higher education area by making academic degree standards and quality assurance standards more comparable and compatible throughout Europe. ... Accreditation is a type of quality assurance process under which a facilitys or institutions services and operations are examined by a third-party accrediting agency to determine if applicable standards are met. ... The social sciences are a group of academic disciplines that study human aspects of the world. ... For other uses, see Humanities (disambiguation). ...


United Kingdom

The private university/public university split does not fit the United Kingdom university system very well. British universities have institutional autonomy, which is well respected as it has developed over centuries, but in the first half of the 20th century they came to rely on the government for most of their funding. The only two universities which are wholly privately financed are University of Buckingham and Richmond University, both of which have a low profile within the UK and cater largely to overseas students[12] (although Richmond University does not itself award UK degrees). The University of Buckingham is the only private university in the United Kingdom. ... Richmond, The American International University in London is a private, liberal arts and professional studies university established in 1972. ...


United States

In the U.S., most of the prestigious universities and colleges, including the universities belonging to the Ivy League, are private, operated as nonprofit organizations. While most liberal arts colleges are likewise private, there are also some public liberal arts colleges. Some private universities are closely affiliated with religious organizations (e.g., the University of Notre Dame) and some are directly operated by religious organizations (e.g., Brigham Young University). For other uses, see Ivy League (disambiguation). ... A non-profit organization (often called non-profit org or simply non-profit or not-for-profit) can be seen as an organization that doesnt have a goal to make a profit. ... Liberal arts colleges in the United States are institutions of higher education in the United States which are primarily liberal arts colleges. ... The Council of Public Liberal Arts Colleges (COPLAC) is a consortium of state-supported liberal arts colleges. ... For other universities and colleges named Notre Dame, see Notre Dame. ... , Brigham Young University (BYU), located in Provo, Utah, is a private coeducational school completely owned by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS or Mormon Church) and run under the auspices of its Church Educational System. ...


The private higher education sector in the United States also includes proprietary or for-profit institutions, which are operated as businesses by individual owners or corporations. Proprietary colleges are American for-profit colleges and universities. ... For-Profit Schools are educational institutions that are run by private, profit-seeking companies or organizations. ...


Like government-operated institutions, private universities are eligible for educational accreditation, but some private universities (primarily religious institutions and proprietary colleges) are not accredited (see list of unaccredited institutions of higher learning), and their degrees are not formally recognized. Some are simply diploma mills. Accreditation is a type of quality assurance process under which a facilitys or institutions services and operations are examined by a third-party accrediting agency to determine if applicable standards are met. ... Main article: Unaccredited institutions of higher learning This article lists colleges, seminaries, and universities lacking educational accreditation. ... A diploma mill (also known as a degree mill) is an organization that awards academic degrees and diplomas with substandard or no academic study, and without recognition by official accrediting bodies. ...


Private universities are not limited by the restrictions on government action in the same way that public universities are. For example, religious institutions can expressly forward their religious beliefs and teach that other religions are incorrect. Private universities also generally have a freer hand in setting admissions policies than public institutions. E.g., universities in the Ivy League historically based their selections on many factors other than academic performance, including "lineage," "character", and "personal" characteristics.[13] In recent years, however, many private universities have been making an effort to appeal to and recruit academically talented students from underprivileged backgrounds. For other uses, see Ivy League (disambiguation). ...


The U.S. system of education has also been exported to other countries. Private universities such as the American University in Cairo and the American University of Afghanistan typically offer a liberal arts curriculum to their students. The American University in Cairo (AUC) provides high quality educational opportunities to students from all segments of Egyptian society, as well as from other countries, and contributes to Egypts cultural and intellectual life. ... The American University of Afghanistan in Kabul, Afghanistan, is a new private university. ...

This does not cite its references or sources. ...

References

  1. ^ Fishbine, Glenn. (2002) The Investor's Guide to Nanotechnology & Micromachines. John Wiley & Sons. p. 42. ISBN 0-471-44355-7.
  2. ^ Tottie, Gunnel. (2001) Introduction to American English Blackwell Publishing. p. 65. ISBN 0-631-19792-3.
  3. ^ Burrows, Toby & Philip G. Kent. (1993) Serials Management in Australia and New Zealand. Haworth Press. p. 19. ISBN 1-56024-453-4.
  4. ^ Princeton Review. (2004) Guide to Studying Abroad. The Princeton Review. p. 105. ISBN 0-375-76371-6.
  5. ^ Private University Act, 1992 in Bangladesh
  6. ^ University Grant Commission, Bangladesh
  7. ^ Diane Stone, “Market Principles, Philanthropic Ideals and Public Service Values: The Public Policy Program at the Central European University”, PS: Political Science and Politics, July 2007: 545—551.
  8. ^ Wells, Georgia. (2005) "New Indian university modeled after Stanford." The Stanford Daily, July 27, 2006 [1]
  9. ^ 日本の大学 学校基本調査速報データ (Japanese) (2006). Retrieved on 2007-12-19.
  10. ^ Lebanese Ministry of Higher Education Website (in Arabic) [2]
  11. ^ Education in Lebanon, CSRD report, Lebanese American University, 2004 [3]
  12. ^ Diane Stone, ‘Principles and Pragmatism in the 'Privatisation' of British Higher Education’, Policy and Politics, 26 (3) July 1998: 255-71.
  13. ^ Gladwell, Malcolm. (2005) "Getting In: the social logic of Ivy League admissions." The New Yorker, October 10, 2005 [4]
Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Private University Act, 1992 (1690 words)
Provided that a private university may initially, after prior consent of the Government, be established anywhere in a provisional manner, but it shall, within five years after the date of the provisional establishment, be established permanently on its own ground, no less than five acres and approved by the Government, and with an adequate infrastructure.
University to be open to anybody irrespective of caste, religion.- Private universities shall be open to men and women of any caste, religion, race and class.
Certificates, diplomas etc. of private universities.- All certificates, diplomas and degrees awarded by a private university shall be signed the Vice-Chancellor, Rector or, as the case may be, Principal, and shall be stamped with the seal of such university.
International Higher Education--10/2 (1372 words)
These new private institutions are permitted by law to rent classroom and office space only for their first 5 years of operation, and must acquire deeded land for university development within that time limit.
Private institutions are forced to engage mostly part-time professors who are reluctant to leave the security of their full-time positions at public universities for risky private-sector jobs.
Private universities are indeed complementary to the public system, but they are hardly a replacement for it.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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