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Encyclopedia > Prithviraj III

For the Indian TV serial with the protagonist of the same name, see Dharti Ka Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan. The Program Dharti Ka Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan has been launched by Sagar Arts who have earlier started the Mega Hit television series Ramayan, Mahabharata and Hatim. ...

Statue of Prithvi Raj Chauhan at Ajmer
Statue of Prithvi Raj Chauhan at Ajmer

Prithvi Raj Chauhan (1168-1192 CE) Prithvi Raj Chauhan was a king of the Hindu Rajput Chauhan (Chauhamana) dynasty, who ruled a kingdom in northern India during the latter half of the 12th century. Prithviraj III (1165?-1192) was a king of the Rajput Chauhan (Chahamana) dynasty. ... // Events December 22 - Afraid that Old Cairo would be captured by the Crusaders, its Caliph orders the city set afire. ... // Events The Third Crusade ends in disaster. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... Rajput constitute one of the major Hindu Kshatriya groups from India. ... Chauhan (Chauhan - Punjabi,चौहान - Hindi, چوہان - Urdu, some Chauhans also choose to spell their name Chohan - ﮀﻮﮨﺎﻥ) - are an Arya clan in India. ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ...


Prithvi Raj Chauhan was the second last Hindu king to sit upon the throne of Delhi (the last Hindu king being Hemu). He succeeded to the throne in 1179 CE at the age of 11, and ruled from the twin capitals of Ajmer and Delhi. He controlled much of Rajasthan and Haryana, and unified the Rajputs against Muslim invasions. His elopement with Samyukta (Sanyogita), the daughter of Jai Chandra, the Gahadvala king of Kannauj, is a popular romantic tale in India, and is one of the subjects of the Prithviraj Raso, an epic poem composed by Prithviraj's court poet and friend, Chand Bardai. This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... Hemuchandra or Hemu was an Indian military leader. ... Events Third Council of the Lateran condemned Waldensians and Cathars as heretics, institutes a reformation of clerical life, and creates the first ghettos for Jews Afonso I is recognized as the true King of Portugal by Portugal the protection of the Catholic Church against the Castillian monarchy Philip II is... , Ajmer   (Hindi: अजमेर ) is a city in Ajmer District in Indias Rajasthan state. ... , For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... Jai Chandra was Prithvirajs father in law, who sided Prithviraj in his second battle against Muhammad Ghori. ... The Gahadvala are a Hindu Rajput dynasty who ruled the kingdom of Kannauj from the 11th century to the early 13th century. ... Kannauj (Hindi कन्नौज), sometimes improperly spelt Kanauj, is an ancient city lying in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... The Prithviraj Raso or Prithvirajaraso is a balladic epic about the life of Prithviraj III Chauhan, a Rajput king who ruled Ajmer and Delhi between 1165 and 1192. ... Chand Bardai was the court poet of the Indian king Prithviraj III Chauhan, who ruled Ajmer and Delhi from 1165 to 1192. ...


Prithvi Raj fought and defeated the Afghan ruler Muhammad Ghori in the First Battle of Tarain in 1191 CE but was later defeated at the Second Battle of Tarain in 1192 CE. After his defeat, India was open to invasion by Muslim invaders, and Delhi came under the control of the Muslim rulers. Qila Rai Pithora in Delhi, also known as Pithoragarh, is named after him. Muhammad of Ghor or Muhammad Ghori (originally named Muizz-ad-din) (1162 - 1206) was a Persian conqueror and sultan between 1171 and 1206. ... The First Battle of Tarain, also known as the First Battle of Taraori, was fought in 1191 at the town of Tarain (Taraori), near Thanesar in present-day Haryana, approximately 150 kilometres north of Delhi. ... // Events May 12 - Richard I of England marries Berengaria of Navarre. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... // Events The Third Crusade ends in disaster. ... Quila Rai Pitharo was a seven gated strong fort in Delhi built by Prithviraj. ...

Contents

Biography

Prithvi Raj Chauhan's succession had been rather confused since the death of Vigraha-raja in 1165; Prithvi Raj reconsolidated control of the Chauhan kingdom and conquered several neighboring kingdoms, which made his state the leading Hindu kingdom in northern India. Delhi was captured from the Tomara Rajputs during the early years of his reign, and was renamed Qila Rai Pithora. He campaigned against the Chandela Rajputs of Bundelkhand. His kingdom included much of the present-day Indian states of Rajasthan and Haryana, and parts of Uttar Pradesh and Punjab. Princely Nabha jewel in the crown of India and families from Nabha has close relations with the Great Prithvi Raj Chauhan. This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... The Tomar or Tanwar is a northwestern Indian clan of the Chandravanshi Rajputs caste. ... Quila Rai Pitharo was a seven gated strong fort in Delhi built by Prithviraj. ... Chandela or Chandel is a gotra found in Rajputs in India. ... Bundelkhand is a geographic region of central India. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... For the town in Hoshiarpur district, see Hariana. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , IPA:  , translation: Northern Province), [often referred to as U.P.], located in central-south Asia and northern India, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ... This article details the Indian state of Punjab. ... , Nabha is a city and a municipal council in Patiala district in the Indian state of Punjab. ... , Nabha is a city and a municipal council in Patiala district in the Indian state of Punjab. ...

Coin of Prithiviraja of Chauhans or Chahamanas of Ajmer/Delhi , circa 1179 AD -1192 AD. Obv: Rider bearing lance on caparisoned horse facing right.Devnagari Legends : Sri Pr/thvi raja deva'. Rev: Recumbent bull facing left ,trishula on bulls rump,Devnagari Legends : Asavari / Sri Samanta deva.
Coin of Prithiviraja of Chauhans or Chahamanas of Ajmer/Delhi , circa 1179 AD -1192 AD.
Obv: Rider bearing lance on caparisoned horse facing right.Devnagari Legends : Sri Pr/thvi raja deva'. Rev: Recumbent bull facing left ,trishula on bulls rump,Devnagari Legends : Asavari / Sri Samanta deva.

Prithvi Raj Chauhan, also called Rai Pathora, was the ruler of Ajmer and Delhi, by far the strongest of all the rulers of Northern India at the end of the twelfth century. He was brave, powerful, haughty and considered the flower of Rajput chivalry. His brother KHANDEY RAI (or GOBIND RAI - some historians called him Prithvi's relative whose daughter was married to Prithvi) was the viceroy of Delhi. Prithvi's first cousin Jaichand, Raja of KANAUJ, had strained relations with Prithvi because their grandfather (father of their mothers) had allowed Prithvi to inherit the throne of Delhi. Also because Prithvi had married the beautiful daughter of Jaichand against his wish. Image File history File links Pritvi. ... Image File history File links Pritvi. ...


Lineage

Anangpal Tomara II , the King of Delhi, had two daughters, Roopsundari and Kamaladevi. Roopsundari married Vijaypal, King of Kannauj. They had a son Jai Chandra. His daughter was named Sanyogita. Kamaladevi married Someshwar Chauhan, the King of Ajmer. Prithviraj was their son, born after 10 years of marriage. Pratha, his sister marries his friend Samar Singh (King of Chittor). His uncle Kanh's daughter was married to Raja Pajawan or Pajjun of Amber.


Early life

Prithvi Raj was born c. 1168 to king Someshwara Chauhan and his wife Karpurawali (or, Kamaladevi?). He was renowned to be the sharpest among all the princes in the household[citation needed].


At gurukul , Prithvi Raj learnt shastra vidya (weaponry, armed combat), sahitya (literature), kala (arts) and rajniti shastra (politics).It was here that he learned the art of "shaabd bhedi baan vidhya" that is hitting a target without seeing the target, that is only on the basis of sound[citation needed].


With the stories of Prithvi Raj's courage, valour and intelligence spreading far and wide, Anangpal the King of Delhi decided to make him the king of delhi instead of jai chandra. Thus he was crowned prince of Delhi at the young age of 13 years[citation needed].


Prithvi Raj Chauhan at the age of 7 killed a lion barehanded and also at the age of 12 killed Bheemdev Solanki, the king of Gujarat, who betrayed his father Someshwar Chauhan.


Important Battles

Muhammad Ghori, hailing from Ghor in present-day Afghanistan, grew increasingly powerful. He conquered Ghazni and subsequently defeated the Ghaznavid governor of Punjab. Muhammad Ghori's domain now touched upon that of Prithvi Raj Chauhan. A clash was inevitable. Muhammad of Ghor or Muhammad Ghori (originally named Muizz-ad-din) (1162 - 1206) was a Persian conqueror and sultan between 1171 and 1206. ... Muhammad of Ghor or Muhammad Ghori (originally named Muizz-ad-din) (1162 - 1206) was a Persian conqueror and sultan between 1171 and 1206. ...


First Battle of Tarain (1191 CE)

Muhammad Ghori invaded Prithvi Raj's domains and laid siege to the fortress of Bhatinda in Punjab, which was at the frontier between the two kingdoms. Prithviraj's appeal for help from his father-in-law was scornfully rejected by the haughty Jaichandra. Undaunted, Prithvi Raj marched on Bhatinda and gave battle to the invaders at a place called Tarain near the town of Thanesar.


In face of the Rajput onslaught, the invading Muslim army was defeated. Ghori being critically wounded was taken out of the battle ground by his faithful body guard.


False Myths

Chanderam told Mahmud that this taunting would avail nothing, for Prithvi Raj would never do as some sundry courtiers bade him do. He said that Prithvi Raj, as an anointed king, would not accept orders from anyone other than another king. His ego thus massaged, and in the spirit of the occasion, Mahmud agreed to personally give Prithvi Raj the order to shoot.Some iron plates were hung and Prithivi Raj was asked to aim at them.A man was to strike the plate with a hammer and Prithvi Raj was supposed to hit that plate.


Thus, Chanderam provided Prithvi Raj with an aural indication of where Mahmud was seated. He gave Prithvi Raj one further indication of the same, by composing a couplet on the spot and reciting the same in Prithvi Raj's hearing. The couplet, composed in a language understood only by Prithvi Raj went thus:


"Char bans, chaubis gaj, angul ashta praman, Ta upar sultan hai, Chuke mat Chauhan."



(Four measures ahead of you and twenty four yards away as measured with eight finger measurement, is seated the Sultan. Do not miss him now, Chauhan).


Mahmud then ordered Prithvi Raj to shoot. Prithvi Raj thus came to know the location of Mahmud and started shooting at the plates.When he hit the target courtiers said "vah" "vah" and Mahmud said "Shabash", recognising Mahmud's voice and turning in the direction from where he heard Mahmud speak, Prithvi Raj took aim based only on the voice and on Chanderam's couplet, he sent an arrow racing to Mahmud's throat. Mahmud was thus struck dead by Prithvi Raj. Prithvi Raj and Chanderam did not want to die from the hands of Mahmud's courtiers so they stabbed each other.


  Results from FactBites:
 
PRITHVIRAJ CHAUHAN | (799 words)
Prithviraj Chauhan is one enigmatic being who has a lot written about him, be it in history books, Amar Chitra Kathas, numerous websites, or just pure folklore passed down the ages in the form of stories, anecdotes and parables.
Prithviraj was unprepared, as Hindus didn't fight between sunset and sunrise.
Jaichand despised Prithviraj as the latter had been chosen by Anangpal to be the heir to the throne of Delhi.
Emperor Prithvi Raj Chauhan III - About Ajmer - ajmeronweb.com (628 words)
Prithviraj Chauhan III was the last of the great Chauhan rulers of Ajmer who left a deep imprint in the sands of time and redefined the concept of valour in its noblest form.
Prithviraj was the son of Someshwara who died in 1179 A.D. As Prithviraj was a minor, his mother Karpuridevi, a wise and sagacious lady, acted as regent and guided the destinies of the Chauhan empire with great tact and understanding.
Prithviraj Vijay of Jayanak and Prithviraj Raso of Chand Bardai have immortalised the deeds of Prithviraj.
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