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Encyclopedia > Printer driver

In computers, a printer driver or a print processor is a piece of software that converts the data to be printed to the form specific to a printer. The purpose of printer drivers is to allow applications to do printing without being aware of the technical details of each printer model. The tower of a personal computer. ... Computer software (or simply software) refers to one or more computer programs and data held in the storage of a computer for some purpose. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ...


Printer drivers should not be confused with print spoolers, that queue print jobs and send them to printer one after the other. In computer science, spooling is an acronym for simultaneous peripheral operations on-line (although this is thought by some to be a backronym). ... In computing, a print job is a file or set of files that has been submitted to be printed. ...

Contents

Printer drivers in different operating systems

Unix

On UNIX systems and other systems which use the Common Unix Printing System, such as Mac OS X, printer drivers are typically implemented as filters. They are usually named the front end of the printing system, while the printer spoolers constitute the back end. Filiation of Unix and Unix-like systems Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX®) is a computer operating system originally developed in the 1960s and 1970s by a group of AT&T employees at Bell Labs including Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie and Douglas McIlroy. ... The Common Unix Printing System (CUPS) is a modular computer printing system for Unix-like operating systems that allows a computer to act as a powerful print server. ... Mac OS X (official IPA pronunciation: ) is a line of proprietary, graphical operating systems developed, marketed, and sold by Apple Inc. ... In UNIX and UNIX-like operating systems, a filter is program that gets most of its data from standard input and writes its main results to standard output. ...


Backends are also used to determinate the available devices. On startup, each backend is asked for a list of devices it supports, and any information that is available.


DOS

On MS-DOS, there have been no system-wide printer drivers; each application was shipped with its own printer drivers, which were essentially descriptions of printer commands. Printers, too, have been supplied with drivers for the most popular applications. In additions, applications included tools for editing printer description, in case there was no ready driver. In the days when DOS was widely used, many printers had emulation modes for Epson FX80 and IBM Proprinter commands. It appears that these also worked with Windows 3.0, ref: [1] For a list of Epson FX printer codes see: [2] Microsofts disk operating system, MS-DOS, was Microsofts implementation of DOS, which was the first popular operating system for the IBM PC, and until recently, was widely used on the PC compatible platform. ... A four colour Epson Stylus C45 inkjet printer Epson is one of the worlds largest manufacturers of inkjet, dot-matrix and laser printers, scanners, desktop computers, business, multimedia and home theatre projectors, point of sale docket printers and cash registers, laptops, integrated circuits, LCD components and other associated electronic... International Business Machines Corporation (known as IBM or Big Blue; NYSE: IBM) is a multinational computer technology and consulting corporation headquartered in Armonk, New York, USA. The company is one of the few information technology companies with a continuous history dating back to the 19th century. ... The following is a list of products from the International Business Machines (IBM) Corporation, spanning from early-to-mid-20th-century punched card machinery, time clocks, and typewriters, via mainframe computers and minicomputers, to microprocessors, PCs, laptop PCs, and more. ...


Windows

On Microsoft Windows systems, printer drivers make a part of GDI (Unidrv or PScript-based) or XPS (XPSDrv). Programs then use the same standard APIs to draw text and pictures both on screen and on paper. Printers which use GDI natively are commonly referred to as Winprinters and are considered incompatible with other operating systems. Microsoft Windows is the name of several families of proprietary software operating systems by Microsoft. ... GDI is short for Graphics Device Interface or Graphical Device Interface, and is one of the three core components or subsystems of Microsoft Windows. ... UniDrv (Universal Printer Driver or Unidriver) is a GDI-based Microsoft Windows universal printer driver and architecture for non-PostScript printers. ... PostScript (PS) is a page description language and programming language used primarily in the electronic and desktop publishing areas. ... The XML Paper Specification (XPS), formerly codenamed Metro, is a document storage and viewing specification developed by Microsoft. ... An application programming interface (API) is a source code interface that a computer system or program library provides to support requests for services to be made of it by a Length. ... GDI is short for Graphics Device Interface or Graphical Device Interface, and is one of the three core components or subsystems of Microsoft Windows. ...


Win32 APIs also allow applications to send data directly to the spooler, bypassing the printer driver; however, few applications actually use this option. Windows API is a set of APIs, (application programming interfaces) available in the Microsoft Windows operating systems. ...


PostScript Printer Description

Usually the operating system needs to know the characteristics of a printer. The PPD files are the normal way to supply this information. They have the advantage of being system independent and that there is a large freely available database of them, Foomatic. PostScript Printer Description (PPD) files are created by vendors to describe the entire set of features and capabilities available for their PostScript printers. ... Foomatic is a configurable printing filter. ...


See also

PostScript Printer Description (PPD) files are created by vendors to describe the entire set of features and capabilities available for their PostScript printers. ... Cups may refer to: the Common Unix Printing System cup as a drinking vessel, a unit of volume, etc. ... A virtual printer is a piece of computer software whose user interface and API resemble that of a printer driver, but which is not connected with a physical computer printer. ... The XML Paper Specification (XPS), formerly codenamed Metro, is a document storage and viewing specification developed by Microsoft. ... This article lists software that emulates arcade and console game systems, computing platforms and CPUs. ... ESC/P (Epson Standard Code for Printers) is a command language developed by Epson to control computer printers. ...

Links

WeDoDrivers.com - Provides custom printer drivers for large and small companies


  Results from FactBites:
 
Free Printer Driver Download & Find Printer Driver Software Tool (212 words)
In order to better serve you, we've set up a complimentary driver download section for your convenience.
Please make sure that you have the correct email address as we will be emailing you the driver download search results instantly and only ONCE.
If your printer is not in our list, please notify us immediately at drivers@printcountry.com
Printer driver - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (302 words)
In computers, a printer driver is a piece of software that converts the data to be printed to the form specific to a printer.
Printers which use GDI natively are commonly referred to as Winprinters and considered problematic for other operating systems.
Printer drivers should not be confused with print spoolers, that queue print jobs and send them to printer one after the other.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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