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Encyclopedia > Principles of Neural Science
Principles of Nerual Science cover
Principles of Nerual Science cover

First published in 1981, Principles of Neural Science is a neuroscience textbook edited by Eric R. Kandel, James Schwartz, and Thomas Jessell. The original edition was 468 pages; by the fifth edition the books has grown to 1414 pages. The second edition was published in 1985, third in 1996, fourth in 2000, with the fifth edition due for publication in March 2006. Neuroscience is a field of study that deals with the structure, function, development, genetics, biochemistry, physiology, pharmacology, and pathology of the nervous system, divided into the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord), and the peripheral nervous system, consisting of the myriad nerve pathways running throughout the body. ... Two textbooks A textbook is a manual of instruction or a standard book in any branch of study. ... Editing is the process of preparing language, images, or sound for publication through correction, condensation, organization, and other modifications. ... Eric Richard Kandel (born November 7, 1929) is a neuroscientist who won a Nobel Prize in the year 2000 for his research on the physiological basis of memory storage in neurons. ... March is the third month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ...




See also: Other events of 2000 List of years in science . ... List of Nobel Prize laureates in Physiology or Medicine from 1901 to the present day. ... A professor (Latin: one who publicly professes to be an expert) (or prof for short) is a senior teacher, lecturer and researcher, usually in a college or university. ... Biochemistry is the study of the chemistry of life, a bridge between biology and chemistry that studies how complex chemical reactions give rise to life. ... A molecule is the smallest particle of a pure chemical substance that still retains its chemical composition and properties. ... Biophysics (also biological physics) is an interdisciplinary science that applies theories and methods of the physical sciences to questions of biology. ... Physiology (in Greek physis = nature and logos = word) is the study of the mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions of living organisms. ... Cells in culture, stained for keratin (red) and DNA (green) The cell is the structural and functional unit of all living organisms, and are sometimes called the building blocks of life. ... Psychiatry is the branch of medicine that studies, diagnoses and treats mental illness and behavioral disorders. ... Columbia University is a private university in the Morningside Heights neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City. ... The Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) is a United States non-profit medical research institute based in Chevy Chase, Maryland and originally founded by the aviator and engineer Howard Hughes in 1953. ... National Medal of Science The National Medal of Science, also called the Presidential Medal of Science, is an honor given by the President of the United States to individuals in science and engineering who have made important contributions to the advancement of knowledge in the fields of behavioral and social... Neurology is a branch of medicine dealing with the nervous system and its disorders. ...


Including the three editors--all of whom also contributed to individual chapters in the book--there are a total of 45 authors of this text. Included among there are several notable researchers and physicians. Several authors are also highly decorated scientists, including Nobel laureate Linda B. Buck. Research is an active, diligent, and systematic process of inquiry in order to discover, interpret and/or revise facts. ... Physician examining a child A physician is a person who practices medicine. ... Santiago Ramón y Cajal Marie Sklodowska Curie This article is about the profession. ... Winners of the Nobel prize are scientists, writers and peacemakers who have been awarded in their field of endeavour, and who are known collectively as either Nobel laureates or Nobel Prize winners. ... Linda B. Buck, Ph. ...


Principles of Neural Science is often assigned as a textbook for many undergraduate and graduate neuroscience and neurobiology courses. The book attempts to at least introduce every aspect of the modern understanding of the biology of the brain. The fourth edition is divided into nine parts: In some educational systems, an undergraduate is a post-secondary student pursuing a Bachelors degree. ... Having a degree conferred is a requirement of (post)graduate school. ... I HATE BIOLOGY Biology is the branch of science dealing with the study of life. ... Comparative brain sizes In animals, the brain, or encephalon (Greek for in the head), acts as the control center of the central nervous system. ...

Behavior (or behaviour in Commonwealth English) refers to the actions or reactions of an object or organism, usually in relation to the environment. ... Drawing by Santiago Ramón y Cajal of cells in the pigeon cerebellum. ... Illustration of the major elements in a prototypical synapse. ... Look up Cognition in Wiktionary, the free dictionary The term cognition (Latin, cogito: to think) is used in several different loosely related ways. ... PSYCHOLOGY In psychology and the cognitive sciences, perception is the process of acquiring, interpreting, selecting, and organizing sensory information. ... The somatic nervous system is that part of the peripheral nervous system associated with the voluntary control of body movements through the action of skeletal muscles, and also reception of external stimuli. ... Arousal is a physiological and psychological state involving the activation of the reticular activating system in the brain stem, the autonomic nervous system and the endocrine system, leading to increased heart rate and blood pressure and a condition of alertness and readiness to respond. ... Emotion in its most general definition is a neural impulse that moves an organism to action, originating automatic reaction behavior which has been adapted through evolution as a survival need. ... Homeostasis is the property of an open system, especially living organisms, to regulate its internal environment to maintain a stable, constant condition, by means of multiple dynamic equilibrium adjustments, controlled by interrelated regulation mechanisms. ... Morphogenesis (from the Greek morphê shape and genesis creation) is one of three fundamental aspects of developmental biology along with the control of cell growth and cellular differentiation. ... The nervous system of an animal coordinates the activity of the muscles, monitors the organs, constructs and processes input from the senses, and initiates actions. ... Thought or thinking is a mental process which allows beings to model the world, and so to deal with it effectively according to their goals, plans, ends and desires. ... A persons emotional mood is a measurable affective state, which can consist of a combination of emotions. ... A supervised child learning the countries of Asia on the floor of the central hall of the Field Museum, Chicago, Illinois Learning is the process of acquiring knowledge, skills, attitudes, or values, through study, experience, or teaching, that causes a change of behavior that is persistent, measurable, and specified or... Memory is the ability of the brain to store, retain, and subsequently recall information. ...


  • Kandel ER, Schwartz JH, Jessell TM 2000. Principles of Neural Science, 4th ed. McGraw-Hill, New York. ISBN 0838577016



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