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Encyclopedia > Princess Sayako

The imperial household of Japan (also referred to as the imperial family or kōshitsu (皇室)) refers those members of the extended family of the reigning His Imperial Majesty, Emperor Akihito of Japan The Emperor of Japan (天皇, tennō) is Japans titular head of state and the head of the Japanese imperial family. From the dawn of history until the mid-twentieth century the role of the Emperor has alternated between that of... Emperor of Japan who undertake official and public duties, as well as their minor children. Under the present The present Constitution of Japan took effect on May 3, 1947, during the American occupation after the surrender of Japan at the end of World War II. The Constitution of the Empire of Japan (1889–1947) The first constitution in Japan was enacted by the Emperor during the Meiji... Constitution of Japan, the emperor is the symbol of the state and unity of the people. The other members of the imperial family perform ceremonial and social duties, but have no role in the affairs of government.


The Official language Japanese Capital Tokyo Largest City Tokyo Emperor Akihito Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 60th 377,835 km² 0.8% Population  - Total ( 2004)  - Density Ranked 10th 127,333,002 337/km² GDP  - Total (PPP, 2005)  - Total (nominal)  ... Japanese monarchy is the oldest continuous hereditary monarchy in the world. The imperial household recognizes one hundred twenty-five legitimate monarchs since the ascension of Emperor Jimmu (神武天皇; Jimmu Tennō; given name: Kamuyamato Iwarebiko, January 1, 711 BC - March 11, 585 BC) was the mythical founder of Japan and is regarded as a direct descendant of the Shinto deity Amaterasu. The goddess reportedly had a son called Ame no Oshihomimi no... Jimmu Tennō. Most historians regard the first fourteen emperors ( Emperor Jimmu (神武天皇; Jimmu Tennō; given name: Kamuyamato Iwarebiko, January 1, 711 BC - March 11, 585 BC) was the mythical founder of Japan and is regarded as a direct descendant of the Shinto deity Amaterasu. The goddess reportedly had a son called Ame no Oshihomimi no... Jimmu to Emperor Chūai (仲哀天皇) was the 14th Japan to appear on the traditional list of emperors. No firm date can be assigned to this emperor and he is regarded by historians as a legendary emperor. This does not necessarily imply that no such person ever existed... Chuai) as legendary figures. The reigning emperor, His Imperial Majesty The Emperor Akihito His Imperial Majesty The Emperor Akihito (明仁), tennō heika (天皇陛下), (born December 23, 1933) is the 125th, and current Emperor (天皇 tennō) of Japan. Akihito is the eldest son and the fifth child of the Emperor Showa... Akihito, is the one hundred twenty-fifth monarch in the official chronology.

Contents

1 Related terms
2 Shinnōke
3 Ōke
4 See also
5 External links

Current members of the imperial family

The 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 1 - British mines nationalized January 1 - Nigeria gains limited autonomy January 1 - The Canadian Citizenship Act went into effect January 3 - Proceedings of the U.S. Congress are televised for the first time... 1947 Imperial Household Law defines the imperial household as: the empress (kōgō 皇后), the empress dowager (kōtaigō 皇太后), the grand empress dowager (tai-kōtaigō 太皇太后), the crown prince (kōtaishi 皇太子) and his consort, the imperial grandson who is heir apparent (kōtaison 皇太孫) and his consort, the shinnō (親王) and their consorts, the naishinnō (内親王), the ō (王) and their consorts, and the nyoō (女王). The legitimate children and male line grandchildren of an emperor are shinnō (imperial princes) in the case of males and naishinnō (imperial princesses) in the case of females. More distant male line descendants are ō (princes) or nyoō (princesses). See below for more information on these titles.

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Emperor Akihito and his family

After the removal of eleven families from the imperial household in October 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 1 - British mines nationalized January 1 - Nigeria gains limited autonomy January 1 - The Canadian Citizenship Act went into effect January 3 - Proceedings of the U.S. Congress are televised for the first time... 1947, the official membership of the imperial family has effectively been limited to the male line descendants of the Yoshihito, the Taisho Emperor Yoshihito (嘉仁), the Taishō Emperor (大正天皇), (August 31, 1879 - December 25, 1926, r. 1912-1926), was the 123rd Emperor of Japan. He was the surviving son of Emperor Meiji by Yanagiwara Naruko, a lady-in-waiting at the Imperial Palace. Emperor... Taishō Emperor, excluding females who married outside the imperial family and their descendants. There are presently twenty-two members of the imperial family. Their personal names appear in parentheses:

  • His Majesty the Emperor ( His Imperial Majesty The Emperor Akihito His Imperial Majesty The Emperor Akihito (明仁), tennō heika (天皇陛下), (born December 23, 1933) is the 125th, and current Emperor (天皇 tennō) of Japan. Akihito is the eldest son and the fifth child of the Emperor Showa... Akihito) was born at the Imperial Palace in Tokyo on December 23 is the 357th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (358th in leap years). There are 8 days remaining. Events 619 - Boniface V becomes Pope 1493 - The Latin edition of the Nuremberg Chronicle is published 1620 - Construction of Plymouth Colony begins 1823 - A Visit From St. Nicholas... 23 December 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 3 - Japanese troops occupy Shanghai January 5 - Construction of the Golden Gate Bridge begins in San Francisco Bay. January 15 - Political violence has caused almost 100 deaths in Spain January 17 - US Congress... 1933, the elder son and fifth child of the Hirohito (裕仁), the Shōwa Emperor (昭和天皇), (April 29, 1901 - January 7, 1989) reigned over Japan from 1926 to 1989. He was known in the West by his given name Hirohito (he had no surname). He was the 124th Emperor of Japan. Emperor Hirohito His... Shôwa Emperor and Empress Kojun ( Nagako (良子), Empress and later Empress Dowager of Japan, consort to the Emperor Showa Hirohito, (March 6, 1903 - June 16, 2000) and mother of the Emperor Akihito. The Empress Nagako, known posthumously as Empress Kojun, was the longest lived empress consort (kogo) in Japanese history. She was Crown Princess... Nagako). He was married on April 10 is the 100th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (101st in leap years). There are 265 days remaining. For the song April Tenth by Garbage, see beautifulgarbage Events 1741 - Prussia defeats Austria in the Battle of Mollwitz 1815 - Mount Tambora eruption covers several islands with ash... 10 April 1959 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-February January 1 - Cultivars of plants named after this date must be named in a modern language, not in Latin. January 1 - Cuba: Fulgencio Batista flees Havana when forces of Fidel Castro advance January... 1959 to Her Majesty the Empress ( Her Imperial Majesty Empress Michiko of Japan (美智子), (born October 20, 1934) formerly Michiko Shoda and later the Crown Princess of Japan (April 10, 1959 to January 7, 1989), is the wife and consort of the reigning Emperor of Japan, Akihito. She was the first commoner to marry... Michiko). The Empress, formerly Miss Shoda Michiko, was born in Tokyo on October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 68 days remaining. Events 1-1899 69 - Second Battle of Bedriacum, forces under Antonius Primus, the commander of the Danube armies, loyal to Vespasian, defeat the forces of Emperor Vitellius. 1360 - The... 24 October 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-April January 1 - Alcatraz becomes a federal prison. January 7 - First Flash Gordon comic strip is published. January 10 - Execution of Marinus van der Lubbe January 24 - Einstein visits White House January 26 - The... 1934, the eldest daughter of the late Mr. Shoda Hidesaburo, president and honorary chairman of Nisshin Flour Miling Company. Emperor Akihito succeeded his father as emperor on January 7 is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 358 days remaining (359 in leap years). The day is 人日 (Jinjitsu), 七草の節句 in Japan. Events 1325 - Alfonso IV becomes King of Portugal. 1558 - France takes Calais, the last continental... 7 January 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Events January January 7 - Akihito becomes Emperor of Japan following the death of Hirohito. The Heisei period begins January 8 - the Kegworth Air Disaster - A British Midland Boeing 737 crashes on approach to East Midlands Airport - 44 dead... 1989.
  • His Imperial Highness the Crown Prince ( Prince Naruhito and Princess Masako Naruhito (徳仁), Crown Prince of Japan (Hiro no miya Naruhito Shinnō or Naruhito Kotaishi), (born at Tsugo Palace, Tokyo February 23, 1960) is the elder son of the Emperor Akihito and the Empress Michiko. Titled Prince Hiro (浩宮 Hiro no miya) as... Naruhito), the eldest son of the Emperor and the Empress, was born at the Tsugo Palace in Tokyo on February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 311 days remaining, 312 in leap years. Events 1455 - Traditional date for the publication of the Gutenberg Bible, the first Western book printed from movable type. 1574 - The 5th holy war against the Huguenots begins... 23 February 1960 was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-February January - State of emergency is lifted in Kenya - Mau Mau Rebellion is officially over January 1 - Independence of Cameroon January 9 - Aswan High Dam construction begins in Egypt January 14 - Ralph Chubb, the... 1960. He became heir apparent upon his father's ascension to the throne. Crown Prince Naruhito married on May 6 is the 126th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (127th in leap years). There are 239 days remaining. Events 1527 - Spanish and German troops sack Rome; some consider this the end of the Renaissance. 1682 - Louis XIV of France moves his court to Versailles. 1835 - James... 6 May 1993 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003) Events January January 1 - Czechoslovakia divides. Establishment of independent Slovakia and Czech Republic. January 3 - In Moscow, George H. W. Bush and... 1993 to Miss Owada Masako. Her Imperial Highness the Crown Princess ( Princess Masako (雅子, born December 9, 1963) is the Crown Princess of Japan. Born Masako Owada, the daughter of Hisashi Owada, a senior diplomat, she has traveled the world with her parents since she was a child. She went to kindergarten in Moscow, attended Belmont High School in Belmont... Masako) was born on December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 25 days remaining. Events 1240 - Kiev falls to the Mongols under Batu Khan. 1534 - Spanish found Quito, Ecuador. 1768 - First edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica is published. 1790 - U... 6 December Events January-February January 11 - The Whisky A Go-Go night club in Los Angeles, the first disco in the USA, is opened. January 14 - George Wallace becomes governor of Alabama. January 22 - Elysée treaty between France and Germany January 28 - Black student Harvey Gantt enters Clemson College in... 1963, the daughter of Hisashi Owada (小和田 恆) (b. September 18, 1932) is a Judge on the International Court of Justice, former Japanese diplomat, and father of Crown Princess Masako. Hisashi Owada was born in Niigata, Japan in 1932. After earning a B.A. from the University of Tokyo in 1955, he... Hisashi Owada, former vice minister of foreign affairs and former permanent representative of Japan to the United Nations. The Crown Prince and Crown Princess have one daughter, Aiko (愛子), titled Princess Toshi (敬宮 Toshi-no-miya) (born December 1, 2001) is the first child (daughter) of Crown Prince Naruhito and Crown Princess Masako Owada of Japan. Her birth has sparked much debate in Japan on the issue of succession for the Japanese throne. Currently, the... Princess Aiko, who was born on December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 30 days remaining. Events 1640 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. 1822 - Peter I is crowned as Emperor of Brazil. 1824... 1 December 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. By strict interpretation of the Gregorian Calendar, 2001 is also the first year of the 21st century and the 3rd millenium. Popular culture, however, often views the year 2000 as holding this distinction. 2001 is also the year... 2001 and who holds the childhood title Princess Toshi (Toshi no miya).
  • His Imperial Highness Prince Akishino (Fumihito), the Emperor's second son, was born on November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 50 days remaining. Events 1215 - The Fourth Lateran Council meets, adopting the doctrine of transubstantiation, meaning that bread and wine are transformed into the body and blood of Christ. 1620 - In what... 11 November 1965 was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). Events January-February January 4 - United States President Lyndon Johnson proclaims his Great Society during his State of the Union address. January 12 - Bodies of 2 15 year olds Christine Sharrock + Marrine Schmidt found... 1965. His childhood title was Prince Aya (Aya no miya). He received the title Prince Akishino (Akishino no miya) and permission to start a new branch of the imperial family upon his marriage to Miss Kawashima Kiko on June 29 is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 185 days remaining. Events 1600-1899 1613 - The Globe Theatre burns to the ground. 1749 - New Governor, Charles de la Ralière Des Herbiers, arrives at Isle Royale (Cape Breton Island). 1786... 29 June 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. Events 1990 in video gaming January January 3 - Former leader of Panama Manuel Noriega surrenders to American forces. January 7 - The Leaning Tower of Pisa is closed to the public due to safety concerns. January 9 - Lt Gen... 1990. Her Imperial Highness Princess Akishino (Kiko) was born on September 11 is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years). There are 111 days remaining. It is usually the first day of the Coptic calendar (in the period 1900 to 2099 A.D.). The terms September 11 and 9/11 have been widely used in the Western... 11 September -1... 1966, the daughter of Dr. Kawashima Tatsuhiko, professor of economics at Gakushuin University. Prince and Princess Akishino have two daughters: Princess Mako (born October 23 is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 69 days remaining. Events 4100 BC-AD 1899 4004 BC - The universe was created, according to the Ussher-Lightfoot Calendar. 42 BC - Roman Republican civil wars: Second Battle of Philippi - Brutuss... 23 October 1991 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. Events January January 2 - Sharon Pratt Dixon is sworn in as mayor of Washington, DC becoming the first black woman to lead a city of that size and importance. January 4 - The United Nations Security Council votes unanimously... 1991) and Princess Kako (born December 29 is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 2 days remaining. Events 1170 - Thomas Becket, is slain in his own cathedral on orders from Henry II of England. 1813 - War of 1812: British soldiers burn Buffalo, New York 1845 - Texas... 29 December 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. Events January January 1 - North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) goes into effect January 6 - Nancy Kerrigan is clubbed on the right leg by an assailant under orders from... 1994).
  • Her Imperial Highness Princess Sayako, the third child and only daughter of Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko, was born on April 18 is the 108th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (109th in leap years). There are 257 days remaining. Events 1025 - Bolesław I Chrobry is crowned as the first king of Poland. 1042 - Michael V attempts to remain sole ruler of the Byzantine Empire by... 18 April 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). For other uses, see Number 1969. For the movie, see 1969 (movie). Events January January 1 - Australian media baron Rupert Murdoch purchases the largest selling British Sunday newspaper The News Of The World January... 1969. Her childhood title is Princess Nori (Nori no miya). On December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. Events 1460 - Wars of the Roses: The Duke of York is defeated at the Battle of Wakefield 1853 - Gadsden Purchase: The United States buys land from Mexico to facilitate... 30 December 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. It was designated the: International Year of Rice (by the United Nations) International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition (by UNESCO) Elections were held in 73 countries during 2004. See a list of elections... 2004, the Imperial Household Agency announced the engagement of Princess Sayako to Mr. Kuroda Yoshiki, a staff member of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government and a longtime friend of Prince Akishino. The wedding will take place in early Autumn colours at Westonbirt Arboretum, Gloucestershire, England. Fall redirects here. For other uses of that word, see Fall (disambiguation). Autumn, often called fall in North America, is one of the four temperate seasons, the transition between summer and winter. In the temperate zones, autumn is the season during which most... autumn 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. Events January Iraqi police officers hold up their index fingers marked with purple indelible ink, a security measure to prevent double voting. Worldwide aid effort continues to develop in response to the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. January 3... 2005. Upon marriage, Princess Sayako will leave the Imperial Family, taking the surname of her husband.
  • His Imperial Highness Prince Hitachi (Masahito) was born on November 28 is the 332nd day (333rd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 33 days remaining. Events 1095 - On the last day of the Council of Clermont, Pope Urban II appointed bishop Adhemar of Le Puy and Count Raymond IV of Toulouse to lead... 28 November 1935 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 1 - Italian colonies of Tripoli and Kyrenaika are joined together as Libya January 7 - Italian premier Benito Mussolini and French foreign minister Pierre Laval conclude agreement in which each power undertakes not to... 1935, the second son and sixth child of the Emperor Shôwa ( Hirohito (裕仁), the Shōwa Emperor (昭和天皇), (April 29, 1901 - January 7, 1989) reigned over Japan from 1926 to 1989. He was known in the West by his given name Hirohito (he had no surname). He was the 124th Emperor of Japan. Emperor Hirohito His... Hirohito) and Empress Kojun ( Nagako (良子), Empress and later Empress Dowager of Japan, consort to the Emperor Showa Hirohito, (March 6, 1903 - June 16, 2000) and mother of the Emperor Akihito. The Empress Nagako, known posthumously as Empress Kojun, was the longest lived empress consort (kogo) in Japanese history. She was Crown Princess... Nagako). His childhood title was Prince Yoshi (Yoshi no miya). He received the title Prince Hitachi (Hitachi no miya) and permission to set up a new branch of the imperial family on October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in Leap years). There are 91 days remaining. Events 331 BC - Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Arbela 959 - Edgar the Peaceable becomes king of all England 965 - John XIII becomes Pope 1701 - Matthieu... 1 October 1964 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 1 - Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland is dissolved. January 3 - Senator Barry Goldwater announces that he will seek the Republican nomination for President. January 5 - In the first meeting between leaders of the... 1964, the day after his wedding. Her Imperial Highness Princess Hitachi (Hanako), was born on July 19 is the 200th day (201st in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 165 days remaining. Events 711 - Muslim forces under Tariq ibn Ziyad defeat the Visigoths led by their king Roderic. 1333 - Battle of Halidon Hill: the final battle of the Wars of Scottish... 19 July 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-February January 5 - FM radio is demonstrated to the FCC for the first time. January 6 - World War II: Mass execution of Poles, committed by Germans in the Poznan, Warthegau. January 12 - World War... 1940, the daughter of late former Count Tsugaru Yoshitaka. Prince and Princess Hitachi have no children.
  • His Imperial Highness Prince Mikasa (Takahito) was born on December 2 is the 336th day (337th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 29 days remaining. Events 1409 - The University of Leipzig opened. 1755 - The second Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed by fire. 1804 - At Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned as... 2 December 1915 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). Events January 12 - The Rocky Mountain National Park is established by an act of the U.S. Congress. January 12 - United States House of Representatives rejects proposal to give women the right to vote. January 13 – An... 1915, the fourth son of Emperor History of Japan Paleolithic Jomon Yayoi Yamato period ---Kofun period ---Asuka period Nara period Heian period Kamakura period Muromachi period Azuchi-Momoyama period ---Nanban period Edo period Meiji period Taisho period Showa period ---Japanese expansionism ---Occupied Japan ---Post-Occupation Japan Heisei The Taisho period (大正 Taishō, lit. Great... Taisho and Empress Teimei (Sadako). He is the surviving brother of Emperor Shôwa and the surviving parternal uncle of Emperor Akihito. His childhood title was Prince Sumi (Sumi no miya). He received the title Prince Mikasa (Mikasa no miya) and permission to start a new branch of the imperial family on December 2 is the 336th day (337th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 29 days remaining. Events 1409 - The University of Leipzig opened. 1755 - The second Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed by fire. 1804 - At Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned as... 2 December 1935 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 1 - Italian colonies of Tripoli and Kyrenaika are joined together as Libya January 7 - Italian premier Benito Mussolini and French foreign minister Pierre Laval conclude agreement in which each power undertakes not to... 1935. He married on October 22 is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 70 days remaining. Events 362 - The temple of Apollo at Daphne, outside of Antioch is destroyed in a mysterious fire. 1383 - The 1383-1385 Crisis in Portugal: A period of civil war... 22 October 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 6 - Franklin Delano Roosevelt delivers his Four Freedoms Speech in the State of the Union Address. January 10 - Lend-Lease is introduced into the U.S. Congress. January 19 - British troops attack Italian... 1941. Her Imperial Highness Princess Mikasa (Yoriko) was born on June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining. Events 1508 - Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three year truce and cede several territories to Venice... 6 June 1923 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-June January 1 - Grouping of all UK railway companies into four larger companies January 10 - Lithuania seizes and annexes Memel January 11 - Troops from France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr area to force Germany... 1923, the second daughter of the late Viscount Takagi Masanori. Prince and Princess Mikasa have two daughters and three sons. Their youngest son, Prince Takamado (Norihito), is deceased.
  • His Imperial Highness Prince Tomohito of Mikasa is the eldest son of Prince and Princess Mikasa and a first cousin of Emperor Akihito. He is also heir apparent to his father's title, Mikasa no miya. He was born on January 5 is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 360 days remaining until the end of the year (361 in leap years). Events 1463 - Poet François Villon is banned from Paris. 1477 - Battle of Nancy, Charles the Bold killed, Burgundy becomes part of... 5 January 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. (see link for calendar) Events January January 4 - Theodore Schurch becomes the last person to be executed for offences committed under the Treachery Act of 1940 January 7 - Allied recognize Austrian republic with 1937 borders - the country is divided into four occupation... 1946. Prince Tomohito was married Miss Aso Nobuko on November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. Events 1665 - The London Gazette, the oldest surviving journal, is first published. 1783 - A man convicted of forgery is the last to be publicly hanged at Londons Tyburn... 7 November 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. Events January-February January 1- April 1 - National steel strike in the United Kingdom January 1 - Changes to the Swedish Act of Succession creates Victoria of Sweden, Crown Princess over her younger brother January 4 - American president Jimmy Carter proclaims, with support... 1980. Her Imperial Highness Princess Tomohito of Mikasa was born on April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (100th in leap years). There are 266 days remaining. Events 193 - Septimius Severus is proclaimed Roman Emperor by the army in Illyricum (in the Balkans). 1241 - Battle of Liegnitz: Mongol forces defeats the Polish and German armies... 9 April 1955 is a common year starting on Saturday. Events January-April January 2 - Panama president Jose Antonio Remon is assassinated. January 19 - The Scrabble board game debuts. February 8 - Nikolai Bulganin ousts Georgi Malenkov February 13 - Israel obtains 4 of the 7 Dead Sea scrolls. February 23 - First meeting of... 1955, the daughter of the late Mr. Aso Takakichi, chairman of Aso Cement Co. and his wife, Kazuko, a daughter of former prime minister Shigeru Yoshida (吉田 茂 Yoshida Shigeru, September 22, 1878–October 20, 1967) was the Prime Minister of Japan from 1946 to 1947 and from 1948 to 1954. Born in Tokyo, he was Japans ambassador to Italy and the United Kingdom during the 1930s. After several months imprisonment... Yoshida Shigeru. Prince and Princess Tomohito of Mikasa have two daughters: Princess Akiko (born December 20 is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 11 days remaining. Events 1522 - Suleiman the Magnificent accepts the surrender of the surviving Knights of Rhodes, who are allowed to evacuate. They eventually re-settle on Malta and become known... 20 December 1981 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January-February January - Sarawak Chamber found January 1 - Greece enters the EEC January 1 - Palau becomes self-governing January 4 - Sheffield police arrests Peter Sutcliffe, the Yorkshire Ripper January 10 Townsville International Airport opens (aus) January 16 - Protestant gunmen shoot and... 1981) and Princess Yoko (born October 25 is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 67 days remaining. Events 732 - Battle of Tours: Near Poitiers, France, leader of the Franks Charles Martel and his men, defeat a large army of Moors, stopping the Muslims from spreading into... 25 October 1983 is an integer and composite number that represents a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. Events January January 1 - Beat Raaflaub became Basel Boys Choirs new conductor January 1 - the ARPANET officially changes to use the Internet Protocol, creating the Internet. January 1 - compulsory wearing... 1983).
  • His Imperial Highness Prince Katsura (Yoshihito) is the second son of Prince and Princess Mikasa and a first cousin of Emperor Akihito. He was born on February 11 is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 323 days remaining, 324 in leap years. Events 660 BC - Traditional founding date of Japan by Emperor Jimmu Tenno. 731 - Gregory II ends his reign as Pope. 824 - Paschal I ends his reign as Pope... 11 February 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-February January 1 - Nationalisation of UK railways to form British Railways. Arab militants lay siege to the Jewish Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem. First day of the Italian republican constitution. January 4... 1948. Originally known as Prince Yoshihito of Mikasa, he received the title Prince Katsura (Katsura no miya) and authorization to start a new branch of the imperial family on January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. Here a calendar year refers to the order in which the months are displayed, January to December. The first day of the medieval Julian year was usually a day other than January 1... 1 January 1988 is a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. Events Environmental change Zebra mussels found in the Great lakes December 2 - Cyclone in Bangladesh leaves 5 million homeless - thousands dead December 7 - In Armenia an earthquake 6.9 on the Richter scale killed nearly 25.000... 1988.
  • Her Imperial Highness Princess Takamado (Hisako) is the widow of His Imperial Highness Prince Takamado (Norihito) (born December 29 is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 2 days remaining. Events 1170 - Thomas Becket, is slain in his own cathedral on orders from Henry II of England. 1813 - War of 1812: British soldiers burn Buffalo, New York 1845 - Texas... 29 December 1954 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). Events January events January 14 - The Hudson Motor Car Company merges with Nash-Kelvinator forming the American Motors Corporation January 14 - Marilyn Monroe weds Joe DiMaggio. January 15 - Mau Mau leader Waruhiu Itote is captured in... 1954, died November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 40 days remaining. Events 235 - Anterus is elected Pope. 1783 - In Paris, Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier and François Laurent, the marquis dArlandes, make the first untethered... 21 November 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. It was designated: International Year of Ecotourism and Mountains National Science Year in the United Kingdom Autism Awareness Year in the United Kingdom Events January Euro banknotes in circulation throughout the twelve countries of the European Union that... 2002), the third son of Prince and Princess Mikasa and a first cousin of Emperor Akihito. The princess was born July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. Events 100 BC-AD 1899 48 BC - Battle of Dyrrhachium, Caesar barely avoids a catastrophic defeat to Pompey in Macedonia. AD 1778 - American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares... 10 July 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 7 - President Harry S. Truman announces the United States has developed a hydrogen bomb. January 13 - Marshal Josip Broz Tito chosen President of Yugoslavia January 20 - Change of US presidency from Harry S. Truman (1945-1953) to Dwight D... 1953, the daughter of Mr. Tottori Shigejiro. She married the prince on December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 25 days remaining. Events 1240 - Kiev falls to the Mongols under Batu Khan. 1534 - Spanish found Quito, Ecuador. 1768 - First edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica is published. 1790 - U... 6 December 1984 is a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Events January January 1 - Brunei becomes a fully independent state January 1 - AT&T is broken up into 22 independent units January 5 - Richard Stallman starts developing GNU. January 7 - Brunei becomes the sixth member of the... 1984. Originally known as Prince Norihito of Mikasa, he received the title Prince Takamado (Takamado no miya) and permission to start a new branch of the imperial family on December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 30 days remaining. Events 1640 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. 1822 - Peter I is crowned as Emperor of Brazil. 1824... 1 December 1984 is a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Events January January 1 - Brunei becomes a fully independent state January 1 - AT&T is broken up into 22 independent units January 5 - Richard Stallman starts developing GNU. January 7 - Brunei becomes the sixth member of the... 1984. Princess Takamado has three daughters: Princess Tsuguko (born March 6 is the 65th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (66th in Leap years). There are 300 days remaining. It is 啓蟄 (Keichitsu) in the Japanese calendar. Events 1447 - Nicholas V becomes Pope. 1460 - Treaty of Alcacovas - Portugal gives Castile the Canary Islands in exchange for... 6 March 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. Events January January 1 - Spain and Portugal enter the European Community January 1 - Aruba gains increased autonomy from the Netherlands and is separated from the Netherlands Antilles. January 9 - After losing a patent battle with Polaroid, Kodak leaves... 1986), Princess Noriko (born July 21 is the 202nd day (203rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 163 days remaining. Events 1200-1899 1298 - Battle of Falkirk (1298): Englands Edward Longshank defeats William Wallaces Scottish rebels 1568 - Battle of Jemmingen: Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alva... 21 July 1988 is a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. Events Environmental change Zebra mussels found in the Great lakes December 2 - Cyclone in Bangladesh leaves 5 million homeless - thousands dead December 7 - In Armenia an earthquake 6.9 on the Richter scale killed nearly 25.000... 1988), and Princess Ayako (b. September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). There are 107 days remaining. Events 608 - Saint Boniface IV becomes Pope. 921 - Saint Ludmila is murdered at the command of her daughter-in-law at Tetin. 1514 - Thomas Wolsey appointed Archbishop of York. 1556 - Vlissingen ex... 15 September 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. Events 1990 in video gaming January January 3 - Former leader of Panama Manuel Noriega surrenders to American forces. January 7 - The Leaning Tower of Pisa is closed to the public due to safety concerns. January 9 - Lt Gen... 1990).

Living former members of the imperial family

Under the terms of the 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 1 - British mines nationalized January 1 - Nigeria gains limited autonomy January 1 - The Canadian Citizenship Act went into effect January 3 - Proceedings of the U.S. Congress are televised for the first time... 1947 Imperial Household Law, naishinnō (imperial princesses) and nyoō (princesses) lose their titles and membership in the imperial family upon marriage, unless they marry the Emperor or another member of the imperial family. Three of the five daughters of Hirohito (裕仁), the Shōwa Emperor (昭和天皇), (April 29, 1901 - January 7, 1989) reigned over Japan from 1926 to 1989. He was known in the West by his given name Hirohito (he had no surname). He was the 124th Emperor of Japan. Emperor Hirohito His... Emperor Shōwa and the two daughters of Prince Mikasa left the imperial family upon marriage, taking the surnames of their husbands. (The eldest daughter of Emperor Shōwa married the eldest son of Prince Prince Naruhiko Higashikuni (東久邇 稔彦 Higashikuni Naruhiko, also Higashikuni no miya Naruhiko ō (東久邇宮 稔彦王)) (3 December 1887 – 26 January 1990) was the 43rd Prime Minister of Japan from 17 August 1945 to 9 October 1945, a period of 54 days... Higashikuni Naruhiko in 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. Events January January 4 - End of term for Culbert Olson, 29th Governor of California. He is succeeded by Earl Warren. January 11 - The United States and United Kingdom give up territorial rights in China. January 11 - General Juanto dies in Argentina - Ramon... 1943. The Higashikuni family lost its imperial status along with the other collateral branches of the imperial household in October 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 1 - British mines nationalized January 1 - Nigeria gains limited autonomy January 1 - The Canadian Citizenship Act went into effect January 3 - Proceedings of the U.S. Congress are televised for the first time... 1947). The living former imperial princesses (whose personal names are in parentheses) are:

  • Mrs. Ikeda Takamasa (Atsuko), born March 7 is the 66th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (67th in Leap years). There are 299 days remaining. Events up to 19th century 1798 - The French army enters in Rome: the birth of the Roman Republic 1799 - Napoleon I of France captures Jaffa in Palestine and... 7 March 1931 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January-March January 4 - Female aviator Elly Beinhorn begins her flight to Africa January 6 - Thomas Edison submits his last patent application. January 22 - Sir Isaac Isaacs sworn in as the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia January 25 - Mohandas... 1931, fourth daughter of Emperor Shōwa and surviving elder sister of Emperor Akihito.
  • Mrs. Shimazu Hisanaga (Takako), born March 2 is the 61st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (62nd in leap years). There are 304 days remaining. Events 986 - Louis V becomes King of the Franks. 1717 - The Loves of Mars and Venus became the first ballet performed in England. 1791 - Long distance communication was... 2 March 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-June January 2 - End of term for Frank Finley Merriam, 28th Governor of California. He is succeeded by Culbert Levy Olson. January 24 - Earthquake kills 30.000 in Chile – about 50.000 sq... 1939, fifth daughter and youngest child of Emperor Shōwa and younger sister of Emperor Akihito.
  • Mrs. Konoe Tadateru (Yasuko), born April 26 is the 116th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (117th in leap years). There are 249 days remaining. Events 1478 - The Pazzi attack Lorenzo de Medici and kill his brother Giuliano during High Mass in the Florence Cathedral. 1607 - English colonists make landfall at Cape Henry... 26 April 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). Events World War II January January 4 - The Battle of Monte Cassino begins. January 5 - Murder of Danish playwright Kaj Munk January 17 - British forces, in Italy, cross the Garigliano River. January 20 - The Royal Air... 1944, eldest daughter and eldest child of Prince and Princess Mikasa.
  • Mrs. Sen Soshitsu (Masako), born October 23 is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 69 days remaining. Events 4100 BC-AD 1899 4004 BC - The universe was created, according to the Ussher-Lightfoot Calendar. 42 BC - Roman Republican civil wars: Second Battle of Philippi - Brutuss... 23 October Global Metrics Human security Major Armed Conflicts: Total Deaths in Battle: 700,000 people Violent Deaths caused by Government (Other than War): Violent Deaths caused by other humans: Juvenile Violent Crime: Political security Nations Holding Multi-party Elections: Percentage Living under a Fully Democratic System of Governance: Free Countries: Percentage... 1951, second daugther and fourth child of Prince and Princess Mikasa.

In addition to these former princesses, there are also descendants of the eleven cadet branches of the dynasty (Asaka, The Fushimi House (伏見宮) is the oldest of the shinnōke, branches of the Imperial Family which are eligible to succeed to the Chrysanthemum Throne if the main line should die out. It was founded by Imperial Prince Yoshihito (栄仁親王), the son of the... Fushimi, Higashi-Fushimi, Higashi-kuni, Kan'in, Kaya, Kitashirakawa, Kuni, Nashimoto, Takeda, and Yamashina) that left the imperial household in October 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 1 - British mines nationalized January 1 - Nigeria gains limited autonomy January 1 - The Canadian Citizenship Act went into effect January 3 - Proceedings of the U.S. Congress are televised for the first time... 1947.


Succession

Historically, the succession to Japan's Chrysanthemum Throne is the common name given to the Imperial throne of Japan. The chrysanthemum (kiku in Japanese) is the coat of arms of the Japanese Emperor. The Chrysanthemum Throne is the oldest monarchy in the world. In Nihonshoki it is said that the Empire of Japan was founded in... Chrysanthemum Throne has generally passed to male descendants in the imperial lineage. In part, the Japanese imperial dynasty owes its longevity to the use of Concubinage is either the state of a couple living together as lovers with no obligation created by vows, legal marriage, or religious ceremony, or the state of a woman supported by a male lover who is married to, and usually living with, someone else. In societies which permit slavery, it... concubines, a practice that only ended in the Taishō period ( 1912 is a leap year starting on Monday. Events January-March January 1 - Establishment of Republic of China. January 6 - New Mexico is admitted as the 47th U.S. state. January 17 - British polar explorer Robert Falcon Scott and a team of four begin the second expedition to reach the... 1912- 1926 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-April January 1 - Irelands first regular radio service, 2RN (later Radio Éireann), begins broadcasting. January 8 - Abdul-Aziz ibn Saud becomes the King of Hejaz January 12 - Freeman Gosden and Charles Correll... 1926). The Japanese monarchy also relied on the specially designated collateral lines or Shinnōke (literally shinnō houses) were the collective name of four cadet branches of the Imperial Household of Japan, entitled to provide a successor to the Chrysanthemum throne if the main line failed to produce an heir. The heads of these houses generally held the title of shinn... shinnōke (shinnō houses). If the imperial household failed to produce an heir, one of the shinnōke could provide the future emperor. There were four such collateral lines in the History of Japan Paleolithic Jomon Yayoi Yamato period ---Kofun period ---Asuka period Nara period Heian period Kamakura period Muromachi period Azuchi-Momoyama period ---Nanban period Edo period Meiji period Taisho period Showa period ---Japanese expansionism ---Occupied Japan ---Post-Occupation Japan Heisei The Edo period (江戸時代) is a... Edo period: The Fushimi House (伏見宮) is the oldest of the shinnōke, branches of the Imperial Family which are eligible to succeed to the Chrysanthemum Throne if the main line should die out. It was founded by Imperial Prince Yoshihito (栄仁親王), the son of the... Fushimi, The Katsura House (桂宮) is one of the shinnōke, a branch of the Imperial Family which is eligible to succeed to the Chrysanthemum Throne if the main line should die out. It was founded by Prince Toshihito, a grandson of Emperor Ōgimachi and brother of Emperor... Katsura, The Arisugawa-no-miya house (有栖川宮家) is one of the shinnōke, branches of the Imperial Family which are eligible to succeed to the Chrysanthemum Throne in the event that the main line should die out. It was founded by Prince Yoshihito, younger son of... Arisugawa, and Kan'in. Emperor Kōkaku (reigned 1780-1817), the lineal descendant of all subsequent emperors, was a scion of the Kan'in house. The Katsura and Arisugawa houses died out in Events January - April January 16-24 ? Siege of Geok Tepe ? Russian troops under general Skobeleff defeat Turkomans January 25 - Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company February 5 - Phoenix, Arizona is incorporated. February 13 - First issue of the feminist newspaper La Citoyenne is published... 1881 and 1913 is a common year starting on Wednesday. (click on link for calendar) Events January-March January 30 - House of Lords rejects Irish Home Rule Bill February 1 - New York Citys Grand Central Terminal opens as the worlds largest train station. February 3 - The 16th Amendment to the... 1913, respectively. A scion of the Fushimi house succeeded to the Kan'in house in 1884. The Fushimi house was the progenitor of nine other cadet branches ( The ōke (王家), literally Prince Houses, were branches of the Imperial Family formed from branches of the Fushimi-no-miya house. All but one of the ōke were formed by the descendants of Fushimi-no-miya Kuniye. The ōke were stripped of their membership in the... ōke) of the imperial family during the History of Japan Paleolithic Jomon Yayoi Yamato period ---Kofun period ---Asuka period Nara period Heian period Kamakura period Muromachi period Azuchi-Momoyama period ---Nanban period Edo period Meiji period Taisho period Showa period ---Japanese expansionism ---Occupied Japan ---Post-Occupation Japan Heisei The Meiji period (Japanese: Meiji Jidai 明治時... Meiji period. It and its offshoots were reduced to commoner status in 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 1 - British mines nationalized January 1 - Nigeria gains limited autonomy January 1 - The Canadian Citizenship Act went into effect January 3 - Proceedings of the U.S. Congress are televised for the first time... 1947.


Before the The Meiji Restoration (明治維新; Meiji Ishin), also known as the Meiji Ishin, Meiji Revolution or Renewal, describes a chain of events that led to a change in Japans political and social structure; it occurred from 1866 to 1869, a period of 4 years that transverses both... Meiji Restoration, Japan had eight female tennō or reigning empresses. Imperial daughters and granddaughters, however, only ascended the throne as a "stop gap" measure. Each abdicated once a suitable male descendant in the male line of imperial descendants became available. Three empresses regnant, Empress Suiko (推古天皇) (554-628) was the 33rd imperial ruler of Japan and the first woman to hold this position. She was a daughter of the Emperor Kimmei. Her mother was a woman of the clan of Soga. She married her half-brother Emperor Bidatsu. After a... Suiko, Empress Kōgyoku (皇極天皇) or Saimei (斉明天皇) (594-661) was the 35th imperial ruler of Japan. From 642 she ruled as Kogyoku, but abdicted after the assasination of Soga no Iruka and gave the throne to her brother Kotoku in 645. After Kotoku... Kōgyoku, and Tomb of Emperor Temmu and Empress Jito Empress Jitō (持統天皇) (645-703) was the 41st imperial ruler of Japan. She was the daughter of Emperor Tenji. She took the throne in 687 following the death of her husband, Emperor Temmu, who was also her uncle, in... Jitō, were widows of deceased emperors and princesses of the blood royal in their own right. One, Empress Gemmei (or Gemmyo 元明天皇) (661–722) was the 43rd imperial ruler of Japan and the fourth woman to hold such a position. She was a daughter of Emperor Tenji of Japan and the wife of Kusakabe no miko, who was the son of Emperor Temmu... Gemmei, was the wife of a crown prince and a princess of the blood royal. The other four, Empress Genshō (元正天皇) (680–748) was the 44th imperial ruler of Japan. She was a sister of Mommu and a granddauther of Temmu and Jito. She reigned from 715 to 724. Categories: 680 births | 748 deaths | Japanese emperors ... Genshō, Empress Kōken (孝謙天皇) or Shōtoku (称徳天皇) (718-770) was the 46th imperial ruler of Japan. She first ruled as Kōken from 749 to 758. She abdicated in favor of her second cousin, Junnin, but six years later she... Kōken (Shōtoku), Empress Meishō (明正天皇) (January 9, 1624 - December 4, 1696) was the 109th imperial ruler of Japan, reigning from December 22, 1629 to November 14, 1643. Her personal name was Okiko (興子) and her title was Onna Kazu no miya (女一宮). Geneology She was... Meishō and Empress Go-Sakuramachi (後桜町天皇) (September 23, 1740 - December 24, 1813) was the 117th imperial ruler of Japan. She was the last empress out of ten in the history of Japan, ruling from September 15, 1762 to January 9, 1771 before abdicating in favor of her nephew... Go-Sakuramachi, were the unwed daughters of previous emperors. None of theses empresses gave birth or married after ascending the throne.


Article 2 of the Events January-April January 8 - Herman Hollerith receives a patent for his electric tabulating machine January 22 - Columbia Phonograph is formed in Washington, DC. February 11 - Japan adopted; 1st Diet convenes in 1890 January 30 ? Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria and his mistress Marie Vetsera commit a double suicide... 1889 In 1881, Ito Hirobumi announced that the Japanese government would draft the Meiji Constitution in a decade. It was adopted on February 11, 1889 and went into effect in Japan on November 29, 1890. The first Diet of Japan convened on that day as well. The constitution stipulated that a... Meiji Constitution (or Constitution of the Empire of Japan) stated, "The Imperial Throne shall be succeeded to by Imperial male descendants, according to the provisions of the Imperial House Law." The 1889 Imperial Household Law fixed the succession on male descendants of the imperial line, and specifically excluded female descendants from the succession. In the event of a complete failure of the main line, the throne would pass to the nearest collateral branch, again in the male line. If the empress did not give birth to an heir, the emperor could take a concubine, and the son he had by that concubine would be recognized as heir to the throne. This law, which was promulgated on the same day as the Meiji Constitution, enjoyed co-equal status with that constitution.


Article 2 of the The present Constitution of Japan took effect on May 3, 1947, during the American occupation after the surrender of Japan at the end of World War II. The Constitution of the Empire of Japan (1889–1947) The first constitution in Japan was enacted by the Emperor during the Meiji... Constitution of Japan provides that "The Imperial Throne shall be dynastic and succeeded to in accordance with the Imperial Household Law passed by the Diet." The Imperial Household Law of January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 349 days remaining (350 in leap years). Events 27 BC - Octavian Caesar given the title Augustus by the Roman Senate. 929 - Emir Abd-ar-rahman III of Cordoba declares himself caliph, thereby establishing the Caliphate... 16 January 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 1 - British mines nationalized January 1 - Nigeria gains limited autonomy January 1 - The Canadian Citizenship Act went into effect January 3 - Proceedings of the U.S. Congress are televised for the first time... 1947, enacted by the ninety-second and last session of the Imperial Diet, retained the exclusion on female dynasts found in the Events January-April January 8 - Herman Hollerith receives a patent for his electric tabulating machine January 22 - Columbia Phonograph is formed in Washington, DC. February 11 - Japan adopted; 1st Diet convenes in 1890 January 30 ? Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria and his mistress Marie Vetsera commit a double suicide... 1889 law. The government of Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida (吉田 茂 Yoshida Shigeru, September 22, 1878–October 20, 1967) was the Prime Minister of Japan from 1946 to 1947 and from 1948 to 1954. Born in Tokyo, he was Japans ambassador to Italy and the United Kingdom during the 1930s. After several months imprisonment... Yoshida Shigeru hastily cobbled together the legislation to bring the Imperial Household in compliance with the American-written The present Constitution of Japan took effect on May 3, 1947, during the American occupation after the surrender of Japan at the end of World War II. The Constitution of the Empire of Japan (1889–1947) The first constitution in Japan was enacted by the Emperor during the Meiji... Constitution of Japan that went into effect in May 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 1 - British mines nationalized January 1 - Nigeria gains limited autonomy January 1 - The Canadian Citizenship Act went into effect January 3 - Proceedings of the U.S. Congress are televised for the first time... 1947. In an effort to control the size of the imperial family, the law stipulates that only legitimate male descendants in the male line can be dynasts; that imperial princesses and princess lose their status as imperial family members if they marry outside the imperial family; and that the Emperor and other members of the imperial family may not adopt children.


There is a potential succession crisis since no male child has been born into the imperial family since Prince Akishino in 1965 was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). Events January-February January 4 - United States President Lyndon Johnson proclaims his Great Society during his State of the Union address. January 12 - Bodies of 2 15 year olds Christine Sharrock + Marrine Schmidt found... 1965. Following the birth of Princess Aiko, there was some public debate about amending the Imperial Household Law to allow women to succeed to the throne. In January 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. Events January Iraqi police officers hold up their index fingers marked with purple indelible ink, a security measure to prevent double voting. Worldwide aid effort continues to develop in response to the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. January 3... 2005 Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi Junichiro Koizumi (小泉 純一郎 Koizumi Junichirō, born January 8, 1942) is a Japanese politician and the 87th, and current, Prime Minister of Japan. Personal life and education He was born in Yokosuka City, on January 8, 1942, Kanagawa Prefecture to Junya Koizumi, a... Koizumi Junichiro appointed a special panel comprised of judges, university professors, and civil servants to study changes to the Imperial Household Law and to make recommendations to the government. One of the options under consideration would be to allow females in the male line of imperial descent to succeed to the throne.


Currently, the order of succession is as follows:

  1. His Imperial Highness Crown Prince Naruhito
  2. His Imperial Highness Prince Akishino (Fumihito)
  3. His Imperial Highness Prince Hitachi (Masahito), the current Emperor's brother
  4. His Imperial Highness Prince Mikasa (Takahito), the current Emperor's elderly uncle
  5. His Imperial Highness Prince Tomohito of Mikasa, Prince Mikasa's first son
  6. His Imperial Highness Prince Katsura (Yoshihito), Prince Mikasa's second son


After that, the succession is unclear. Except for Prince Mikasa, none of the princes in the line have sons. Crown Prince Naruhito has a daughter (Aiko), Prince Akishino has two daughters (Mako and Kako), and Prince Hitachi is childless. Prince Tomohito of Mikasa has two daughters (Akiko and Yōko), Prince Katsura is childless, and the late Prince Takamado had three daughters (Tsuguko, Noriko, and Ayako).


History of titles

Ō (王) is a title (commonly translated Prince) given to male members of the Japanese Imperial Family who do not have the higher title of shinnō. The female equivalent is nyoō (女王). Ō can also be translated as "king". The origin of this double meaning is a copying of the Wang (King) and Huangdi (Emperor) The King or Wang (王 wang2) was the title of the Chinese head of state from the Zhou dynasty until the Qin dynasty. The title Wang should not be confused with the common surname which has no royal implications. The Emperor or Huangdi (皇帝... Chinese pattern. Unlike in China, however, ō was only used for Imperial Family members. Interestingly, "queen" is joō, using the same characters as nyoō.


Historically, any male member of the Imperial Family was titled ō by default, with shinnō (親王) and its female equivalent naishinnō (内親王) being special titles granted by the His Imperial Majesty, Emperor Akihito of Japan The Emperor of Japan (天皇, tennō) is Japans titular head of state and the head of the Japanese imperial family. From the dawn of history until the mid-twentieth century the role of the Emperor has alternated between that of... Emperor. After the The Meiji Restoration (明治維新; Meiji Ishin), also known as the Meiji Ishin, Meiji Revolution or Renewal, describes a chain of events that led to a change in Japans political and social structure; it occurred from 1866 to 1869, a period of 4 years that transverses both... Meiji Restoration, the difference between ō and shinnō were altered. A shinnō or naishinnō was a legitimate Imperial Family member descended from an Emperor down to the great grandchild. The term "legitimate Imperial Family" excludes anyone not connected by a direct male line descent, as well as the descendants of anyone who renounced their membership in the Imperial Family, or were expelled from the Imperial Family. Shinnō also included the heads of any of the Shinnōke (literally shinnō houses) were the collective name of four cadet branches of the Imperial Household of Japan, entitled to provide a successor to the Chrysanthemum throne if the main line failed to produce an heir. The heads of these houses generally held the title of shinn... shinnōke. A law which never had an opportunity to be enacted also stated that if the head of a shinnōke succeeded to the Chrysanthemum Throne is the common name given to the Imperial throne of Japan. The chrysanthemum (kiku in Japanese) is the coat of arms of the Japanese Emperor. The Chrysanthemum Throne is the oldest monarchy in the world. In Nihonshoki it is said that the Empire of Japan was founded in... Chrysanthemum Throne, that his brothers would acquire the title of shinnō, as well as their descendants (down to the grandchildren?). The Emperor could also specially grant the title of shinnō to any ō


After 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 1 - British mines nationalized January 1 - Nigeria gains limited autonomy January 1 - The Canadian Citizenship Act went into effect January 3 - Proceedings of the U.S. Congress are televised for the first time... 1947, the law was changed so that shinnō only extended to the grandchildren of an Emperor. The Imperial Family was also drastically pruned, disestablishing the ōke and shinnōke. The consort of an ō or shinnō adds the suffix -hi (妃) to ō or shinnō.


Related terms

  • His Imperial Majesty, Emperor Akihito of Japan The Emperor of Japan (天皇, tennō) is Japans titular head of state and the head of the Japanese imperial family. From the dawn of history until the mid-twentieth century the role of the Emperor has alternated between that of... Emperor of Japan
  • Shinnōke (literally shinnō houses) were the collective name of four cadet branches of the Imperial Household of Japan, entitled to provide a successor to the Chrysanthemum throne if the main line failed to produce an heir. The heads of these houses generally held the title of shinn... Shinnōke
  • The ōke (王家), literally Prince Houses, were branches of the Imperial Family formed from branches of the Fushimi-no-miya house. All but one of the ōke were formed by the descendants of Fushimi-no-miya Kuniye. The ōke were stripped of their membership in the... Ōke

Shinnōke

  • The Fushimi House (伏見宮) is the oldest of the shinnōke, branches of the Imperial Family which are eligible to succeed to the Chrysanthemum Throne if the main line should die out. It was founded by Imperial Prince Yoshihito (栄仁親王), the son of the... Fushimi
  • The Katsura House (桂宮) is one of the shinnōke, a branch of the Imperial Family which is eligible to succeed to the Chrysanthemum Throne if the main line should die out. It was founded by Prince Toshihito, a grandson of Emperor Ōgimachi and brother of Emperor... Katsura
  • The Arisugawa-no-miya house (有栖川宮家) is one of the shinnōke, branches of the Imperial Family which are eligible to succeed to the Chrysanthemum Throne in the event that the main line should die out. It was founded by Prince Yoshihito, younger son of... Arisugawa (extinct)
  • Kan'in (extinct)

Ōke

  • Nashimoto
  • Kuni
  • Yamashina (extinct)
  • Kachō or Kwachō (extinct)
  • Kitashirakawa
  • Higashifushimi (extinct)
  • Kaya
  • Asaka
  • Higashikuni
  • Takeda

See also

Emperor is also a Norwegian black metal band; see Emperor (band). An emperor is a monarch and sovereign ruler of an empire or any other imperial realm. Emperors are generally recognised to be above kings in honour. They may obtain their position hereditarily, or by force, such as a coup... emperor, Emperor is also a Norwegian black metal band; see Emperor (band). An emperor is a monarch and sovereign ruler of an empire or any other imperial realm. Emperors are generally recognised to be above kings in honour. They may obtain their position hereditarily, or by force, such as a coup... empress, A Crown Prince or Crown Princess is the heir or heiress apparent to the throne in a royal or imperial monarchy. (Crown Princess is also the title of the wife of the Crown Prince.) In Europe, lineal succession conventions (see for example Salic Law) usually dictate that the eldest child... crown prince, A royal family is the extended family of a monarch. Generally, the head of a royal family is a king or queen regnant. The term imperial family more appropriately describes the extended family of an emperor or empress regnant, while the terms ducal family or princely family are more appropriate... royal family, For related meanings see also Monarch (disambiguation) A monarchy, (from the Greek monos, one, and archein, to rule) is a form of government that has a monarch as Head of State. The distinguishing characteristic of monarchies is that the Head of State holds his office for life, unlike in republics... monarchy, This article treats the generic title monarch. For the origins of the word king and its English use, see Germanic king. For other meanings of the word, see Monarch (disambiguation) A monarch is a type of ruler or head of state. The word derives from Greek monos archein, meaning one... monarch, For other meanings, see Prince (disambiguation). A prince (from the Latin princeps) is a male member of royalty or a royal family. The female form is princess. Although this is the most commonly understood definition, there are also different systems in different countries. On the European continent, notably in the... prince, For other meanings, see Prince (disambiguation). A prince (from the Latin princeps) is a male member of royalty or a royal family. The female form is princess. Although this is the most commonly understood definition, there are also different systems in different countries. On the European continent, notably in the... princess, An order of succession is a formula or algorithm that determines who inherits an office upon the death, resignation, or removal of its current occupant. Monarchies In hereditary monarchies the order of succession is followed in order to determine who becomes the new monarch when the old monarch dies or... order of succession


External links

  • The official website of the Imperial Household Agency (http://www.kunaicho.go.jp/eindex.html)
  • Genealogy of the Japanese Imperial Family (http://www.kunaicho.go.jp/e01/ed01-01gr-01.html)
  • Unofficial Site (http://www.geocities.com/Tokyo/Temple/3953/)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Marriage makes Japanese Princess a commoner. 15/11/2005. ABC News Online (765 words)
Princess Sayako, the only daughter of Japan's Emperor Akihito, has wed a commoner in a private ceremony, losing her privileged status as a member of the imperial family.
Princess Sayako - known informally as Nori - may be the last princess to leave the royal family if the Government enacts proposed legal changes that would give women the same right as men to inherit the throne and to retain their titles on marriage.
Princess Sayako has already given up her part-time job as a researcher at an ornithology centre in Chiba, near Tokyo, possibly to give herself more time to adjust to unfamiliar chores.
BBC NEWS | Asia-Pacific | Japanese princess weds commoner (465 words)
The princess and Mr Kuroda, who is a descendant of Japan's now-abolished aristocracy, were childhood acquaintances, but their romance began two years ago at a tennis party thrown by one of Sayako's brothers.
Princess Sayako will lose her royal allowance, but this is eased by a $1.2m dowry from the state.
Sayako's aunt, Takako Shimazu, was the last princess to lose her royal status when she married a commoner in March 1960.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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