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Encyclopedia > Princess Iron Fan (1941 film)
Princess Iron Fan
Directed by Wan Guchan
Wan Laiming
Released January 1, 1941 (China)
Running time 65 min
Country China
IMDb profile

Princess Iron Fan (Tie shan gong zhu), is China's first animated feature film. It was directed in Shanghai under difficult conditions in the thick of World War II by Wan Guchan and Wan Laiming (the Wan brothers) and was released on January 1, 1941. January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1941 calendar). ... 12 frames per second is the typical rate for an animated cartoon. ... A reel of film, which predates digital cinematography. ... Situated on the banks of the Yangtze River Delta in Eastern China, Shanghai (Chinese: 上海; pinyin: ; Shanghainese: ) is Chinas largest city by population. ... Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, and others Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military dead: 8 million Civilian dead: 4 million Total dead: 12 million World War II... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... See also: 1940 in film 1941 1942 in film 1940s in film years in film film // Events Top grossing films Sergeant York Buck Privates, starring Abbott and Costello Tobacco Road Academy Awards Best Picture: How Green Was My Valley - 20th Century-Fox Best Actor: Gary Cooper - Sergeant York Best Actress...

Contents


Plot

The story was liberally adapted from the popular Chinese folk tale Journey to the West. The four heros of the story, left to right: Sun Wukong, Xuanzang, Zhu Wuneng, and Sha Wujing. ...

Specifically, the film focused on the duel between the Monkey King and a vengeful princess, whose fan is desperately needed to quench the flames that surround a peasant village.

Background

The Monkey
Enlarge
The Monkey

The Wan family, twins Laiming and Guchan with their brothers Chaochen and Dihuan, were the first animators in China. Inspired by screenings of American cartoons in Shanghai, they began experimenting with animation techniques, initially using it to make advertisements. After the release of their first "real" cartoon, Uproar in an Art Studio (1926), they continued to dominate China's animation industry for the next several decades. In the late 1930s, with Shanghai under Japanese occupation, they began work on China's first feature-length animated film. A cartoon is any of several forms of art, with varied meanings that evolved from one to another. ... Situated on the banks of the Yangtze River Delta in Eastern China, Shanghai (Chinese: 上海; pinyin: ; Shanghainese: ) is Chinas largest city by population. ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ... Combatants National Revolutionary Army, Republic of China Imperial Japanese Army, Empire of Japan Commanders Chiang Kai-shek, Mao Zedong, Yan Xishan, Feng Yuxiang, Zhu De, He Yingqin Tojo Hideki, Matsui Iwane, Minami Jiro, Kesago Nakajima, Toshizo Nishio, Neiji Okamura. ... A reel of film, which predates digital cinematography. ...


The film took three years, 237 artists and 350,000 yuan to make. Although the Disney influence is apparent in much of the animation, there is also a distinct Chinese flavour in the film - a flavour that would grow much stronger with the Wan brothers' subsequent films in the following decades (although they would make no more features). The film used extensive rotoscoping in the animation, likely as a shortcut to save time and money in the difficult time in which it was made. It has been suggested that Chinese yuan be merged into this article or section. ... Disney may refer to: The Walt Disney Company and its divisions, including Walt Disney Pictures. ... A rotoscope is a device that enables animators to trace live action movement, frame by frame, for use in animation. ...


Princess Iron Fan was the first animated feature film to be made in Asia and the 10th worldwide (although it is only the 7th that still survives). Its influences were far-reaching; it was swiftly exported to wartime Japan (in 1942), inspiring the 16-year-old Tezuka Osamu to become a comics artist and prompting the Japanese Navy to commission Japan's own first feature-length animated film, Momotaro's Divine Sea Warriors (1945). World map showing the location of Asia. ... This article is about the year. ... A clock designed by Osamu Tezuka, which stands in the Kyoto Station. ... The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) (大日本帝國海軍 Dai-Nippon Teikoku Kaigun or 日本海軍 Nippon Kaigun) was the navy of Japan before 1945. ...


References

  • Clements, Johnathan. (????). "Chinese Animation". Nickelodeon Magazine.

See also

The first examples of trying to capture motion into a drawing can already be found in paleolithic cave paintings, where animals are depicted with multiple legs in superimposed positions, clearly attempting depicting a sense of motion. ... This page is about the development of animation and comic industry in mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan. ... This is a list of animated feature-length films from around the world organised chronologically by year; theatrical releases as well as made-for-TV and direct-to-video movies. ...

External links


 
 

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