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Encyclopedia > Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
Prince Philip
Duke of Edinburgh
Prince Philip in 2007
Duke of Edinburgh
Heir-Apparent Charles, Prince of Wales
Consort to Elizabeth II
Issue
Charles, Prince of Wales
Anne, Princess Royal
Andrew, Duke of York
Edward, Earl of Wessex
Full name
Philip[1]
Titles and styles
HRH The Duke of Edinburgh
Lt. Philip Mountbatten RN
HRH Prince Philippos of Greece and Denmark
Royal house House of Glücksburg
Father Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark
Mother Princess Alice of Battenberg
Born 10 June 1921 (1921-06-10) (age 87)
Villa Mon Repos, Corfu, Greece
Baptised St. George's Church, the Palaio Frourio, Corfu
Occupation Prev. Military

Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (born Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, 10 June 1921)[2] is the husband and consort of Queen Elizabeth II. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 474 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (614 × 777 pixel, file size: 159 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... The Duke of Edinburgh is a dukedom associated with Edinburgh, Scotland. ... “Prince Charles” redirects here. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... “Prince Charles” redirects here. ... Princess Anne redirects here. ... The Prince Andrew, The Duke of York (Andrew Albert Christian Edward; born 19 February 1960) is a member of the British Royal Family, the third child and second son of Queen Elizabeth II. He has held the title of Duke of York since 1986. ... The Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, KG, KCVO, SOM (Edward Antony Richard Louis Mountbatten-Windsor; born 10 March 1964) is a member of the British Royal Family, the youngest child and third son of Queen Elizabeth II. He has held the title of Earl of Wessex since 1999. ... A Royal House or Dynasty is a sort of family name used by royalty. ... Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (in Danish: Slesvig-Holsten-Sønderborg-Lyksborg (or Glücksborg), from Glücksburg in northernmost Germany, is a line of the House of Oldenburg that is descended from King King Christian III of Denmark, to which the royal houses of Denmark, Norway, and the exiled... Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark (20 January 1882(O.S.) - 3 December 1944), of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, was the son of George I (1845-1913), King of the Hellenes, and of Grand Duchess Olga Konstantinova (1851-1926) of Russia. ... Princess Alice of Battenberg Princess Alice of Battenberg, later Princess Andrew of Greece and Denmark (25 February 1885 - 5 December 1969) was a great-granddaughter of the British Queen Victoria who married into the royal house of Greece. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... This article is about the Greek island Kerkyra known in English as Corfu or Corcyra. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... A prince consort, generally speaking, is the husband of a Queen regnant, unless he himself is a king. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ...


Originally a royal Prince of Greece and Denmark, Prince Philip renounced these titles shortly before his marriage, though he retains the Greek flag (white cross on blue field) on his Shield of Arms. At the time of his engagement he was known as Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten. On 20 November 1947, he married Princess Elizabeth, the heiress presumptive to King George VI. Prince Philip is a member of the Danish-German House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, which includes the royal houses of Denmark and Norway and the deposed royal house of Greece. The term prince, from the Latin root princeps, is used for a member of the highest ranks of the aristocracy or the nobility. ... is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions from 11 December 1936 until his death. ... Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (in Danish: Slesvig-Holsten-Sønderborg-Lyksborg (or Glücksborg), from Glücksburg in northernmost Germany, is a line of the House of Oldenburg that is descended from King King Christian III of Denmark, to which the royal houses of Denmark, Norway, and the exiled... The Greek Royal Family is a direct family member of the Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg. ...


The day before his marriage, King George VI granted him the style of His Royal Highness and, on the morning of the marriage, created him Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merioneth and Baron Greenwich. In 1957, Philip was created a Prince of the United Kingdom by Queen Elizabeth II. When he became a British subject, Prince Philip took the surname Mountbatten, an anglicised version of his mother's German family name, Battenberg. (Later it was realised that, as a descendant of Sophia of Hanover, Philip had been a British subject from birth.)[citation needed] A style of office, or honorific, is a form of address which by tradition or law precedes a reference to a person who holds a title or post, or to the political office itself. ... Royal Highness (abbreviation HRH) is a style (His Royal Highness or Her Royal Highness); plural Royal Highnesses (abbreviation TRH, Their Royal Highnesses). ... The Duke of Edinburgh is a dukedom associated with Edinburgh, Scotland. ... ... HRH The Duke of Edinburgh His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (Philip Mountbatten), styled HRH The Duke of Edinburgh (born June 10, 1921), is the consort of Greek citizen, holding the titles of Greece and Denmark, he renounced these titles and his citizenship to marry Elizabeth. ... This is a list of British princes from the accession of King George I in 1714. ... In British nationality law, the term British subject has at different times had different meanings. ... Mountbatten is the family name adopted by two branches of the Battenberg family due to rising anti-German sentiment among the British public during World War I. On 14 July 1917, Prince Louis of Battenberg assumed the surname Mountbatten (a literal translation of the German Battenberg) for himself and his... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Battenberg was the title created for the wife of Prince Alexander of Hesse, Countess Julia von Hauke. ... Electress Sophia of Hanover (born Sophia, Pfalzgräfin von Simmern, at The Hague on October 14, 1630; died at Herrenhausen on June 8, 1714) was the youngest daughter of Frederick V, Elector Palatine, of the House of Wittelsbach, also known as King Frederick V of Bohemia, and Elizabeth Stuart, also...


In addition to his royal duties, the Duke of Edinburgh is also the patron of many organisations, including The Duke of Edinburgh's Award and the World Wide Fund for Nature, and he is Chancellor of both the University of Edinburgh and the University of Cambridge. In particular, he has devoted himself to raising public awareness of the relationship of humanity with the environment since visiting the Southern Antarctic Islands in 1956, and has published and spoken widely for half a century on this subject. See Wikiquote excerpts from these speeches. The logo of the Duke of Edinburghs Award. ... The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international non-governmental organization for the conservation, research and restoration of the natural environment, formerly named the World Wildlife Fund, which remains its official name in the United States and Canada. ... A Chancellor is the head of a university. ... The University of Edinburgh (Scottish Gaelic: ), founded in 1582,[4] is a renowned centre for teaching and research in Edinburgh, Scotland. ... The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University), located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and has a reputation as one of the most prestigious universities in the world. ... Greek ἀνταρκτικός, opposite the arctic) is a continent surrounding the Earths South Pole. ...


The prince continues to fulfil his public duties as a member of the British Royal Family, and is an established public figure in the United Kingdom and in the Commonwealth Realms. He has gained a reputation for making controversial remarks, some of which have been regarded as being racist,[3] particularly when meeting the British public or on state visits to other countries. Members of the Royal Family, during the lifetime of the late Queen Mother, on the balcony of Buckingham Palace after the Trooping the Colour ceremony. ... The Commonwealth Realms, shown in pink A Commonwealth Realm is any one of the sixteen sovereign states within the Commonwealth of Nations that recognise Elizabeth II as their respective monarch. ...

Contents

Early life

Prince Philippos of Greece and Denmark was born CODA on 10 June 1921 at Villa Mon Repos on Corfu, a Greek island in the Ionian Sea. His father was Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark, the fourth son of Greece's King George I, who was of partial Byzantine Greek descent, and Queen Olga of Greece. His mother was the former Princess Alice of Battenberg, elder daughter of the 1st Marquess of Milford Haven (formerly Prince Louis of Battenberg) and his wife, the former Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine. Lady Milford Haven, through her mother, the Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine (formerly Princess Alice of the United Kingdom), was a granddaughter of Queen Victoria. (As a descendant of Queen Victoria, he is himself in line of succession to the British Throne, but very distantly.) Philip's mother Princess Alice, who ended her life as a Greek Orthodox nun and sheltered Jewish refugees in Athens during World War II, was also a sister of Queen Louise of Sweden; George Mountbatten, 2nd Marquess of Milford Haven; and Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma. He is currently the oldest living great-great grandchild of Queen Victoria, as well as her second-oldest living descendant after Prince Carl Johan of Sweden. is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... This article is about the Greek island Kerkyra known in English as Corfu or Corcyra. ... The Ionian Sea. ... Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark (20 January 1882(O.S.) - 3 December 1944), of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, was the son of George I (1845-1913), King of the Hellenes, and of Grand Duchess Olga Konstantinova (1851-1926) of Russia. ... George I, King of the Hellenes (Greek: , Georgios A Vasileus ton Ellinon; December 24, 1845 – March 18, 1913) was King of Greece from 1863 to 1913. ... The Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... Olga, Queen of Greece Olga Konstantinovna of Russia later Queen Olga of Greece (in Russian Великая Княжна Ольга Константиновна in Greek Βασίλισσα Όλγα της Ελλάδος) (3 September 1851 - 18 June 1926), was the queen consort of King George I of Greece and briefly in 1920, Regent of Greece. ... Princess Alice of Battenberg Princess Alice of Battenberg, later Princess Andrew of Greece and Denmark (25 February 1885 - 5 December 1969) was a great-granddaughter of the British Queen Victoria who married into the royal house of Greece. ... Admiral of the Fleet Prince Louis of Battenberg, later Louis Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of Milford Haven (24 May 1854-11 September 1921) was a minor German prince who married into the British Royal Family and pursued a distinguished career in the Royal Navy, eventually serving as First Sea Lord from... Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine, later Victoria Mountbatten, Marchioness of Milford Haven (Victoria Alberta Elisabeth Mathilde Marie) (5 April 1863-24 September 1950), was the eldest daughter of Ludwig IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine (1837-1892) and his wife Princess Alice of the United Kingdom... Princess Alice (Alice Maud Mary; later The Grand Duchess of Hesse; April 25, 1843 – December 14, 1878), was a member of the British Royal Family, the third child and second daughter of Queen Victoria. ... Victoria Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819–22 January 1901) was a Queen of the United Kingdom, reigning from 20 June 1837 until her death. ... HRH The Prince of Wales, the Heir Apparent. ... Lady Louise Alexandra Marie Irene Mountbatten (13 July 1889 – 7 March 1965), Queen Louise of Sweden (1950-65), was the second wife of King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden. ... The Most Honourable George Louis Victor Henry Serge Mountbatten, 2nd Marquess of Milford Haven (December 6, 1892–April 8, 1938) was born the son of Louis Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of Milford Haven and Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine at Darmstadt, Hessen, Germany. ... Admiral of the Fleet Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas George Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, KG, GCB, OM, GCSI, GCIE, GCVO, DSO, PC (25 June 1900–27 August 1979) was a British admiral and statesman and an uncle of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. ... Carl Johan Arthur Bernadotte, Count of Wisborg, formerly Prince Carl Johan Arthur of Sweden, Duke of Dalarna (born October 31, 1916), is the fifth and youngest child, and the fourth son, of King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden and Princess Margaret of Connaught. ...

British Royal Family

HM The Queen
HRH The Duke of Edinburgh Members of the Royal Family, during the lifetime of the late Queen Mother, on the balcony of Buckingham Palace after the Trooping the Colour ceremony. ... Image File history File links UK_Royal_Coat_of_Arms. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ...


v  d  e

The Prince was baptised a few days after his birth at St. George's Church in the Palaio Frourio ("Old Fortress") in Haddokkos, Corfu. His godparents were Queen Olga and the Corfu community (represented by Alexander S. Kokotos, Mayor of Corfu, and Stylianos I. Maniarizis, Chairman of Corfu City Council). In later life he has had a rediscovered interest in his original Greek Orthodox faith.[citation needed] “Prince Charles” redirects here. ... Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall (Camilla Rosemary; formerly Parker Bowles; née Shand, born 17 July 1947) is the second wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, heir apparent to the thrones of the United Kingdom and the other 15 Commonwealth Realms. ... Prince William redirects here. ... For actual Princes of Wales called Henry see Henry, Prince of Wales. ... The Prince Andrew, The Duke of York (Andrew Albert Christian Edward; born 19 February 1960) is a member of the British Royal Family, the third child and second son of Queen Elizabeth II. He has held the title of Duke of York since 1986. ... “Princess Beatrice” redirects here. ... Princess Eugenie of York (Eugenie Victoria Helena; born 23 March 1990) is a member of the British Royal Family and a granddaughter of Queen Elizabeth II. Princess Eugenie is sixth in the Line of succession to the British Throne and has been since her birth in 1990. ... The Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, KG, KCVO, SOM (Edward Antony Richard Louis Mountbatten-Windsor; born 10 March 1964) is a member of the British Royal Family, the youngest child and third son of Queen Elizabeth II. He has held the title of Earl of Wessex since 1999. ... HRH The Countess of Wessex The Countess of Wessex (Sophie Helen Mountbatten-Windsor, née Rhys-Jones), (born January 20, 1965), is a member of the British Royal Family, the wife of HRH The Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, the youngest son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke... The Lady Louise Windsor (Louise Alice Elizabeth Mary; born 8 November 2003) is a member of the British Royal Family. ... Princess Anne redirects here. ... Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester (Richard Alexander Walter George; born 26 August 1944) is a member of the British Royal Family, a grandson of George V. He has been Duke of Gloucester since his fathers death in 1974. ... Image:Birgitte Van Deurs. ... Field Marshal Prince Edward, Duke of Kent (Edward George Nicholas Patrick Paul; born 9 October 1935) is a member of the British Royal Family, a grandchild of George V. He has held the title of Duke of Kent since 1942. ... Her Royal Highness Princess Edward, Duchess of Kent (Katharine Lucy Mary Windsor, formerly Worsley), styled HRH The Duchess of Kent, is a member of the British Royal Family the wife of HRH Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, a grandson of King George V and cousin of Queen Elizabeth II. The... Prince Michael of Kent, GCVO (Michael George Charles Franklin Windsor; born 4 July 1942) is a member of the British Royal Family, a grandson of King George V and Queen Mary. ... Princess Michael of Kent (née Baroness Marie-Christine Agnes Hedwig Ida von Reibnitz, 15 January 1945), is a member of the British Royal Family. ... Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy (Alexandra Helen Elizabeth Olga Christabel; born 25 December 1936), is a member of the British Royal Family, a granddaughter of George V. She was married to the late Sir Angus Ogilvy. ... Greek Orthodox Church can refer to any of several hierarchical churches within the larger group of mutually recognizing Eastern Orthodox churches: the Orthodox Church of Constantinople, headed by the Patriarch of Constantinople, who is also the first among equals of the Eastern Orthodox Communion. ...


Prince Andrew and Princess Alice remained in residence on the Island of Corfu for 18 months. Greece entered an unpredictable period, and it was expected that the monarchy would soon be overthrown. On 22 September 1922, Constantine I was forced to abdicate the throne. A revolutionary court sentenced Prince Andrew, his older brother, to banishment for life.[4] Fortunately for the family, George V ordered that the Royal Navy vessel, HMS Calypso, evacuate the family, and Philip was carried to safety in a cot made from an orange box. is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Constantine I, King of the Hellenes (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος A, Βασιλεύς των Ελλήνων) (2 August 1868 - 11 January 1923) ruled Greece from 1913 to 1917 and from 1920 to 1922. ... Look up abdication in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The thrones for The Queen of Canada, and the Duke of Edinburgh (back) in the Canadian Senate, Ottawa are usually occupied by the Governor General and his/her spouse at the annual State Opening of Parliament. ... George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was the first British monarch belonging to the House of Windsor, which he created from the British branch of the German House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... HMS Calypso (D61) was a C class cruiser of the Caledon sub-class of the Royal Navy, launched in 1917 and sunk in 1940 by the Italian submarine Bagnolini. ...


The prince was educated at Schule Schloss Salem in Germany and at Gordonstoun, a private boarding school in the north east of Scotland. Salem Castle Spetzgart and Härlen Schule Schloss Salem (Anglicisation: School of Salem Castle, Salem Castle School) is a boarding school with campuses in Salem and Überlingen in Baden-Württemberg, Southern Germany. ... Gordonstoun House Gordonstoun (originally in full, the British Salem School[] in Gordonstoun) is a Scottish co-educational independent school. ... This article is about the country. ...


Philip has survived his four elder sisters, all of whom married German princes:

Philip's first real family tragedy occurred in 1937, when his sister Cecilie, her husband, mother-in-law and two young sons were killed in the Sabena OO-AUB Ostend crash. Philip, who was only sixteen at the time, attended the funeral in Darmstadt. Princess Margarita of Greece and Denmark (18 April 1905–24 April 1981) was the eldest child and daughter of Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and Princess Alice of Battenberg. ... Hohenlohe-Langenburg was a German County of northeastern Baden-Württemberg, Germany, located around Langenburg. ... Princess Theodora of Greece and Denmark was the second child and daughter of Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and Princess Alice of Battenberg. ... Berthold Friedrich Wilhelm Ernst August Heinrich Karl, Margrave of Baden was born on 24 February 1906 in Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Princess Cecilie of Greece and Denmark (June 22, 1911 - November 16, 1937) was the wife of Hereditary Grand Duke George Donatus of Hesse and the sister of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. ... Georg Donatus, Hereditary Grand Duke of Hesse (1906-1937) was the first child of Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse and Eleonore of Solms-Braunfels. ... Princess Sophie of Greece and Denmark was the fourth child and youngest daughter of Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and Princess Alice of Battenberg. ... Christoph Ernst August of Hesse-Cassel (1901-1943) was the son of Frederick, Prince of Hesse-Cassel and Princess Margaret of Prussia. ... His Royal Highness Prince George William of Hanover (25 March 1915-8 January 2006) was the second son of Ernest Augustus III, Duke of Brunswick and his wife Princess Viktoria Luise of Prussia, the only daughter of Wilhelm II, German Emperor and Princess Augusta of Schleswig-Holstein. ... A Junkers Ju 52 aircraft owned and operated by Belgian air operator Sabena crashed near Ostend, Belgium on November 16, 1937. ... For other uses, see Darmstadt (disambiguation). ...


Military service

After leaving Gordonstoun in 1939, Prince Philip joined the Royal Navy, graduating in 1940 from the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth as the best cadet in his course.[5] This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... Britannia Royal Naval College (BRNC) is the initial officer training establishment of the Royal Navy, located on a hill overlooking Dartmouth, Devon, England. ...


Commissioned as a Midshipman, Prince Philip spent six months on the battleship HMS Ramillies then serving in the Indian Ocean. In January 1941 he was posted to the Mediterranean fleet aboard the battleship HMS Valiant where, amongst other engagements, he was involved in the Battle of Crete. He was mentioned in despatches for his service during the Battle of Cape Matapan and was also awarded the Greek War Cross of Valour.[5] Midshipman Mountbatten encountered a range of duties; for example, he is remembered for having helped stoke the boilers of the troop transport HMS Empress of Russia in 1941.[6] For the fish called midshipman, see midshipman fish. ... HMS Ramillies (pennant number 07) was a Revenge-class battleship of the Royal Navy, named after the Battle of Ramillies. ... HMS Valiant was a Queen Elizabeth-class battleship of the Royal Navy built at the Fairfield shipyards in Glasgow and launched in November 1914. ... Belligerents Greece United Kingdom New Zealand Australia Germany Italy Commanders Bernard Freyberg Kurt Student Strength United Kingdom: 15,000 Greece: 11,000 Australia: 7,100 New Zealand: 6,700 Total: 40,000 (10,000 without fighting capacity[1]) Germany: 14,000 paratroopers 15,000 mountain troopers 280 bombers 150 dive... Mentioned in Dispatches (MID) is a military award for gallantry or otherwise commendable service. ... Combatants United Kingdom Australia Italy Commanders Andrew Cunningham Angelo Iachino Strength 1 aircraft carrier 3 battleships 7 light cruisers 17 destroyers 1 battleship 6 heavy cruisers 2 light cruisers 17 destroyers Casualties 4 light cruiser lightly damaged 1 torpedo bomber destroyed 3 dead 1 battleship heavily damaged 3 heavy cruisers...


Promoted Sub-Lieutenant, and after a series of courses, Prince Philip was appointed to the V&W class destroyer, flotilla leader HMS Wallace, where he was subsequently involved in convoy escort tasks. Promotion to Lieutenant followed on 16 July 1942 and in October 1942, he became the ship's First Lieutenant (at 21 years of age, he was one of the youngest to be appointed a First Lieutenant). Whilst with HMS Wallace, he took part in the Allied invasion of Sicily.[7] A Lieutenant, Junior Grade, is a division officer in the United States Navy. ... A flotilla leader was a warship suitable for commanding a flotilla of destroyers or other small warships, typically a small cruiser or a large destroyer. ... The Thornycroft type leader or Shakespeare class were a class of destroyer leaders designed and built for the Royal Navy towards the end of World War I by J I Thornycroft. ... Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... July 16 is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... First Lieutenant is a military rank. ... Belligerents United States United Kingdom Canada Australia South Africa Free French Germany Italy Commanders Dwight D. Eisenhower Harold Alexander Bernard Montgomery George S. Patton Albert Kesselring Alfredo Guzzoni Fridolin von Senger und Etterlin Strength 160,000 personnel 14,000 vehicles 600 tanks 1,800 guns 300,000 Italian personnel 40...


Prince Philip was later appointed as the First Lieutenant of the new destroyer HMS Whelp where he saw service with the British Pacific Fleet in the 27th Destroyer Flotilla (see [3]) for the ship's war service), including being present in Tokyo Bay when the Japanese surrender was signed. He eventually returned to Britain with the ship in January 1946. In the post-war years, Prince Philip served as an instructor at the Petty Officers' School and attended Naval Staff College, Greenwich.[5] (For the remainder of his naval career, see below). The W and Z class was a class of sixteen destroyer escorts of the Royal Navy launched in 1943–1944. ... The British Pacific Fleet (BPF) was a multinational Allied naval force which saw action against Japan during World War II. The fleet was comprised mainly of British Commonwealth naval vessels. ... The Japanese representatives, Mamoru Shigemitsu and Yoshijiro Umezu, on board USS Missouri during the surrender ceremonies on 2 September 1945. ... The Old Royal Naval College The Royal Naval College, Greenwich, was a Royal Navy training establishment between 1873 and 1998, in the centre of the Maritime Greenwich World Heritage Site in London. ...


Prince Philip has for many years been Colonel-in-Chief of the oldest Canadian Infantry Regiment, the Royal Canadian Regiment. This regiment continues to be the only Regiment in the Commonwealth to be authorized to wear a dead Monarch's insignia, that being Queen Victoria's insignia. The Royal Canadian Regiment is an infantry regiment of the Canadian Forces. ...


HRH Prince Phillip is also an honorary Field Marshal in Australia. HRH was promoted to the rank of field marshal in the Australian Army on 1 April 1954 - over a year after he attained that rank in the British Army on 15 January 1953. However, as consort of Queen Elizabeth II, the duke's rank is purely ceremonial. He has no command or control role in the Australian Defence Force (ADF) and is not part of the ADF's operational structure. He has never paraded as a field marshal with any units or elements of the ADF.


Prince Phillip succeeded Sir Winston Churchill as Colonel-in-Chief of the Queen's Royal Irish Hussars in 1965 and remained so until the regiment amalgamated with the Queen's Own Hussars in 1993 to form the Queen's Royal Hussars. Upon the death of the Queen Mother in 2002 he became Colonel in Chief of the Queen's Royal Hussars. Churchill redirects here. ... In the British and other Commonwealth armies, the Colonel-in-Chief of a regiment is its (usually Royal) patron. ... The Queens Royal Irish Hussars, normally reffered to by the abbriviation QRIH, was a United Kingdom cavalry regiment formed from the amalgamation of the 4th Queens Own Hussars and the 8th Kings Royal Irish Hussars in Hohne, Germany in 1958. ... The Queens Own Hussars, normally reffered to by the abbreviation QOH, was a United Kingdom cavalry regiment, formed from the amalgamation of 3rd The Kings Own Hussars and the 7th Queens Own Hussars in Tidworth in 1958. ... The Queens Royal Hussars (The Queens Own and Royal Irish), (QRH), is the senior United Kingdom light cavalry regiment. ... Queen Mother is a title reserved for a widowed queen consort whose son or daughter from that union is the reigning monarch. ...


Marriage

On 20 November 1947, Prince Philip married the heiress presumptive to the British throne, The Princess Elizabeth, elder daughter of George VI and Queen Elizabeth, his third cousin through Queen Victoria and second cousin, once removed through Christian IX of Denmark. The couple was married in a glittering ceremony in Westminster Abbey, London which was recorded and broadcast by the BBC. is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... An Heir Presumptive (capitalised) is the person provisionally scheduled to inherit a throne, peerage, or other hereditary honor, but whose position can be displaced by the birth of an Heir Apparent or of a new Heir Presumptive with a better claim to the throne. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions from 11 December 1936 until his death. ... Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, later Queen Elizabeth (Elizabeth Angela Marguerite; 4 August 1900 – 30 March 2002), was the Queen Consort of King George VI of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions from 1936 until his death in 1952. ... For other uses, see Cousin (disambiguation). ... Christian IX of Denmark (April 8, 1818 – January 29, 1906) was King of Denmark from November 15, 1863 to January 29, 1906. ... The Collegiate Church of St Peter, Westminster, which is almost always referred to by its original name of Westminster Abbey, is a mainly Gothic church, on the scale of a cathedral (and indeed often mistaken for one), in Westminster, London, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ...

The Duke and Duchess of Edinburgh on their wedding day.
Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip, May 2007

Before they could marry, Prince Philip was required to convert from Greek Orthodoxy to the Church of England, to renounce his allegiance to the Greek Crown, and to become a naturalised British subject.[8] He renounced his Greek and Danish royal titles on 18 March 1947 and decided to take the name Mountbatten, an Anglicised version of Battenberg, his mother's family name. The day before his wedding, King George VI titled his future son-in-law Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merioneth, and Baron Greenwich, of Greenwich in the County of London. Image File history File links Source: WorldRoots File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Source: WorldRoots File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 620 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1750 × 1692 pixel, file size: 419 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh Metadata... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 620 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1750 × 1692 pixel, file size: 419 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh Metadata... Orthodox icon of Pentecost. ... The Church of England is the officially established Christian church[3] in England, the Mother Church of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the oldest among the communions thirty-eight independent national churches. ... The Greek Royal Family is a direct family member of the Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg. ... is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The King also issued Letters patent creating the Duke of Edinburgh His Royal Highness. After their marriage, his wife became Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh. On the popular but erroneous assumption that if Philip had the style of 'Royal Highness' he was automatically a prince, media reports often mentioned "Prince Philip", with or without reference to his ducal title. Although the princely prefix was omitted in the Regency Act of 1953 and in Letters Patent of November 1953 appointing Counsellors of State, it had been included in the Letters Patent of 22 October 1948 conferring princely rank on children of his marriage to Princess Elizabeth. George VI, however, appears to have been clear and intentional in having withheld the princely title from his future son-in-law.[9] From 1947 to 1957, Philip's correct style was His Royal Highness Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. Letters Patent by Queen Victoria creating the office of Governor-General of Australia Letters patent are a type of legal instrument in the form of an open letter issued by a monarch or government granting an office, a right, monopoly, title, or status to someone or some entity such as... The Regency Acts are Acts of the British Parliament passed at various points in time, to provide a regent if the British monarch were to be incapacited or in minority (under the age of 18). ... In the United Kingdom, Counsellors of State are senior members of the British royal family to whom the Monarch, presently Queen Elizabeth II, delegates certain state functions and powers when she is abroad or unavailable for other reasons (such as short-term incapacity or sickness). ... is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


At the marriage of his youngest son in 1999 it was announced that Prince Edward would be created Duke of Edinburgh when the current creation of that Dukedom reverts to the Crown.[10][11]


In post-war Britain it was not acceptable to invite any of the Duke of Edinburgh's German relations to his wedding. The sole exception was his mother, who was born at Windsor of parents who had both renounced their German titles. Excluded from the invitation list were his three surviving sisters, each of whom had married German princes, some with Nazi connections. (His sister Princess Sophie's first husband, Prince Christoph of Hesse-Cassel had been a member of the Schutzstaffel (SS) and an aide to Heinrich Himmler.) Also, the bride's aunt Mary, Princess Royal allegedly refused to attend because her brother, the Duke of Windsor (who abdicated in 1936), was not invited due to his marital situation. She gave ill health as the official reason for not attending.[12] This article is about the English town. ... Not to be confused with Nasi. ... Christoph Ernst August of Hesse-Cassel (1901-1943) was the son of Frederick, Prince of Hesse-Cassel and Princess Margaret of Prussia. ... SS redirects here. ... Himmler redirects here. ... HRH The Princess Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood Princess Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood, Victoria Alexandra Alice Mary (25 April 1897 - 28 March 1965) was a member of the British Royal Family. ... Edward VIII (Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David; later The Prince Edward, Duke of Windsor; 23 June 1894 – 28 May 1972) was King of Great Britain, Ireland, the British Dominions beyond the Seas, and Emperor of India from the death of his father, George V (1910–36), on 20...


Duke of Edinburgh

The Duke of Edinburgh accompanies the newly crowned Queen Elizabeth II back from Westminster Abbey on her coronation day

After their marriage, the Duke and Duchess of Edinburgh took up residence at Clarence House in London. The Duke was keen to pursue his naval career. However the knowledge that it would be eclipsed by his wife's future role as Queen was always in his mind. Nevertheless, he returned to the Navy after his honeymoon, and from 1949 was stationed in Malta after being posted as First Lieutenant of the destroyer HMS Chequers in the Mediterranean Fleet. In 1950, he was promoted to Lieutenant Commander and given command of the sloop HMS Magpie. He was promoted to Commander at the beginning of 1952.[5] Image File history File links This work is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links This work is copyrighted. ... Clarence House, London Clarence House is a royal home in London, situated in The Mall. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The C class was a class of 32 destroyers of the Royal Navy launched from 1943 to 1945. ... The British Mediterranean Fleet was part of the Royal Navy. ... In the Royal Navy, United States Navy and United States Coast Guard, a lieutenant commander (lieutenant-commander or Lt Cdr in the RN) is a commissioned officer superior to a lieutenant and inferior to a commander. ... The commanding officer (CO) is the officer in command of a military unit. ... Commander is a military rank which is also sometimes used as a military title depending on the individual customs of a given military service. ...


With the King in ill-health, Princess Elizabeth and the Duke were each created members of the Privy Council on 4 November 1951. The Duke is now the only member of the Privy Council to have been appointed by King George VI. A privy council is a body that advises the head of state of a nation, typically in a monarchy. ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In January 1952, the Duke and Princess Elizabeth set off for a tour of the Commonwealth, with planned visits to Africa, Australia and New Zealand. On 6 February, when they were in Kenya, the Princess' father, King George VI, died, and she ascended the Throne as Queen Elizabeth II. The Duke broke the news to the new Queen at their hotel (Tree Tops). As a result of the King's passing, the visits to Australia and New Zealand were cancelled until 1954. The Duke was resigned to the fact that his naval career was now over, and he had a new role as the consort of the British monarch. The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2008. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions from 11 December 1936 until his death. ... The present Treetops hotel Treetops Hotel is a hotel in Aberdare National Park in Kenya near the township of Nyeri, 6,450 feet above sea level on the Aberdare Range and in sight of Mount Kenya. ...


Consort

The accession of Elizabeth II to the throne brought up the question of the name of the Royal House. The Duke's uncle, Earl Mountbatten of Burma, had advocated the new name House of Mountbatten, as Elizabeth would typically have taken Philip's name on marriage. When Queen Mary, Elizabeth's paternal grandmother, heard about this, she informed Sir Winston Churchill who later advised the Queen to issue a proclamation declaring that the Royal House was to remain the House of Windsor. Philip bitterly remarked that he had been "turned into an amoeba".[citation needed] A Royal House or Dynasty is a sort of family name used by royalty. ... Admiral of the Fleet Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas George Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, KG, GCB, OM, GCSI, GCIE, GCVO, DSO, PC (25 June 1900–27 August 1979) was a British admiral and statesman and an uncle of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. ... Mary of Teck (Victoria Mary Augusta Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes; 26 May 1867 – 24 March 1953) was the Queen Consort of George V. Queen Mary was also the Empress of India. ... Churchill redirects here. ... The House of Windsor is the current Royal House of the United Kingdom and each of the other Commonwealth realms. ...


In 1952, the Duke was given the rank and titles Admiral of the Fleet, Field Marshal, and Marshal of the Royal Air Force. He was also made the Captain-General of the Royal Marines. As was the established tradition with all previous monarchs, the Queen as Commander-in-Chief of the Defence Forces outranks, by virtue of being Sovereign, all military personnel. Royal Navy Insignia Shoulder board The flag of an Admiral of the Fleet is the Union Flag, and is in 1:2 rather than the 2:3 of other admirals flags. ... Field Marshal Viscount Slim in his Field Marshals uniform, holding a marshals baton. ... Marshal of the RAF sleeve/shoulder insignia Marshal of the Royal Air Force was the highest rank in the Royal Air Force. ... The Royal Marines (RM) are the marines and amphibious infantry of the United Kingdom and, along with the Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary, form the Naval Service [2]. They are also the United Kingdoms amphibious force and specialists in mountain and Arctic warfare. ...


The Queen and Duke make state visits abroad, and receive foreign dignitaries in the United Kingdom together. The Duke often carries out his own separate engagements on behalf of the Queen at home and abroad. The Duke is also patron of many organisations. He established The Duke of Edinburgh's Award in 1956 to give young people "a sense of responsibility to themselves and their communities". The scheme now operates in 100 countries around the world. He has also been President of the World Wide Fund for Nature. The logo of the Duke of Edinburghs Award. ... The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international non-governmental organization for the conservation, research and restoration of the natural environment, formerly named the World Wildlife Fund, which remains its official name in the United States and Canada. ...


In 1956-1957, the Duke took a round-the-world voyage on board HMY Britannia, visiting remote islands of the Commonwealth. This was when he first became aware of the effects of human industrialisation on the natural environment.[citation needed] Her Majestys Yacht Britannia was the 83rd Royal Yacht since the restoration of King Charles II in 1660. ... The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2008. ... An industrial factory located in Ilmenau, Germany around 1860 Industrialisation is social and economic change where a human group is made into a societly inquireing a lot of businesses. ...

Prince Philip and the President of the United States George W. Bush inspecting the Guard of Honour during the ceremonial welcome at Buckingham Palace at the start of the President's state visit to the UK in 2003.

On the Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II in 2002, the Duke was commended by the Speaker of the House of Commons for his role in supporting the Queen during her reign. Image File history File linksMetadata Duke_and_Bush. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Duke_and_Bush. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Queen Elizabeth II makes an official appearance at the CBC Headquarters as part of her Jubilee goodwill tour, October 2002. ... In the United Kingdom, the Speaker of the House of Commons is the presiding officer of the House of Commons, and is seen historically as the First Commoner of the Land. ...


Family relationships, and alleged conflicts

One of the most controversial aspects of the Duke was his relationship with his daughters-in-law, Diana, Princess of Wales and Sarah, Duchess of York. He was alleged[who?] (though this has never been confirmed) to have been hostile to Diana after her divorce from the Prince of Wales. Letters between Philip and Diana, released at the inquiry into the death of Diana, Princess of Wales, in 2007, refute this.[citation needed] Mohamed Al-Fayed, the father of Diana's companion Dodi Al-Fayed and owner of Harrods, has vehemently alleged, and even suggested in court, that the Duke was responsible for ordering Diana's death, remarks that led the Duke and the other members of the Royal Family to rescind their Royal Warrants from Harrods. The Duke has said that he was very supportive of Diana, considering they were both once 'newcomers' to the family. Reportedly, the Duke is very close to his grandchildren Prince William, Prince Harry, Princess Beatrice, Princess Eugenie, Viscount Severn, Peter Phillips, Zara Phillips and Lady Louise Windsor.[citation needed] Diana Spencer redirects here. ... Sarah, Duchess of York (née Sarah Margaret Ferguson, born 15 October 1959) is the daughter of Major Ronald Ferguson by his wife Susan daughter of Fitzherbert Wright. ... Wax statue of Mohammad Fayed Mohamed Abdel Moneim Fayed (Arabic: محمد الفايد ) (born January 27, 1929) is an Egyptian businessman. ... Emad El-Din Mohamed Abdel Moneim Fayed (Arabic: عماد الدين محمد عبد المنعم الفايد ) (April 15, 1955 - August 31, 1997), better known as Dodi Fayed, was the son of the Egyptian billionaire Mohamed Al-Fayed (Arabic: محمد الفايد), owner of the British department store Harrods, Fulham Football Club and the Hôtel Ritz Paris. ... Harrods is a department store on Brompton Road in Knightsbridge, London, England. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Prince William redirects here. ... For actual Princes of Wales called Henry see Henry, Prince of Wales. ... “Princess Beatrice” redirects here. ... Princess Eugenie of York (Eugenie Victoria Helena; born 23 March 1990) is a member of the British Royal Family and a granddaughter of Queen Elizabeth II. Princess Eugenie is sixth in the Line of succession to the British Throne and has been since her birth in 1990. ... HRH The Earl of Wessex His Royal Highness The Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex (Edward Antony Richard Louis Mountbatten-Windsor), styled HRH The Earl of Wessex (born March 10, 1964), is a member of the British Royal Family, the youngest son of Queen Elizabeth II. He has held the title... Peter Phillips could mean Peter Mark Andrew Phillips, the son of Anne, Princess Royal Peter Phillips the director of Project Censored This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Zara Anne Elizabeth Phillips, MBE (born 15 May 1981) is the second child and only daughter of Princess Anne, the Princess Royal and her first husband, Captain Mark Phillips. ... The Lady Louise Windsor (Louise Alice Elizabeth Mary; born 8 November 2003) is a member of the British Royal Family. ...


Through mitochondrial DNA analysis in July of 1993, British scientists, through a sample of Prince Philip's blood, were able to identify the remains of several members of Tsarina Alexandra Romanov's family several decades subsequent to their 1918 massacre by the Bolsheviks; Prince Philip is the Tsarina's grand-nephew.


Royal status

In May 1954, the Prime Minister, Sir Winston Churchill, received a written suggestion from the Queen that her husband be granted the title "Prince of the Commonwealth", or some other suitable augmentation of his style. Churchill preferred the title "Prince Consort" and the Foreign Secretary Sir Anthony Eden preferred "Prince of the Realm". While the Commonwealth prime ministers were assembled in London, against his better judgement but at the Queen's behest, Churchill informally solicited their opinions. Canada's Prime Minister, Louis St. Laurent, was the only one to express "misgivings". Meanwhile, the Duke insisted to the Queen that he objected to any enhancement of his title, and she instructed Churchill to drop the matter.[13] In February 1955, South Africa belatedly made known that it, too, would object to the "Prince of the Commonwealth" title. When told, the Queen continued to express the wish that her husband's position be raised, but rejected the Cabinet's recommendations to confer upon him either the title "Prince Consort" or "Prince Royal". By March 1955 the Cabinet was recommending that Philip's new title be simply "His Royal Highness the Prince". But the Queen was advised that, if she still preferred "Prince of the Commonwealth", her personal secretary could write to the Commonwealth's Governors-General directly for their response, but warned her that, if their consent was not unanimous, the proposal could not go forward. The matter appears to have been left there until the publication on 8 February 1957 of an article by P. Wykeham-Bourne in the Evening Standard titled "Well, is it correct to say Prince Philip?" A few days later Prime Minister Harold Macmillan and his Cabinet reversed the advice of the previous ministers, formally recommending that the Queen reject "The Prince" in favour of "Prince of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Her other Realms and Territories", only to change this advice, after she consented, to delete even the vague reference to the Commonwealth countries. Letters Patent were issued, and according to the announcement in the London Gazette, the Queen's husband officially became His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. She inserted the capitalised definite article, a usage normally restricted to the children of monarchs.[13] The Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (commonly referred to as Foreign Secretary) is a member of the British Government responsible for relations with foreign countries, heading the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (often called simply the Foreign Office). ... For the eponymous hat, see Anthony Eden hat. ... A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... Louis Stephen St. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Governor-General (or Governor General) is a term used both historically and currently to designate the appointed representative of a head of state or their government for a particular territory, historically in a colonial context, but no longer necessarily in that form. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... Headlines of the Evening Standard on the day of London bombing on July 7, 2005, in Waterloo Station The Evening Standard is a British tabloid newspaper published and sold in London and surrounding areas of southeast England. ... Maurice Harold Macmillan, 1st Earl of Stockton, OM, PC (10 February 1894 – 29 December 1986), was a British Conservative politician and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1957 to 1963. ... The London Gazette , front page from Monday 3 - 10 September 1666, reporting on the Great Fire of London. ...


An Order-in-Council was issued in 1960, which stated the surname of male-line descendants of the Duke and the Queen who are not Royal Highness or Prince or Princess was to be Mountbatten-Windsor. This was to address the Duke's complaint that he was the only father in the country unable to pass his name to his children. In practice, however, the Duke's children have all used Mountbatten-Windsor as the surname they prefer for themselves and their male-line children. An Order-in-Council is an executive order issued in Commonwealth Realms operating under the Westminster system. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


After her accession to the throne, the Queen also announced that the Duke was to have "place, pre-eminence and precedence" next to the Queen "on all occasions and in all meetings, except where otherwise provided by Act of Parliament". This means the Duke is the first gentleman of the land, and takes precedence over his son, the Prince of Wales except, officially, in Parliament. In fact, however, he only attends Parliament when escorting the Queen for the annual Speech from the Throne, where he walks and is seated beside her. An Act of Parliament or Act is law enacted by the parliament (see legislation). ... This article is about the title Prince of Wales. ... Type Bicameral Houses House of Commons House of Lords Speaker of the House of Commons Michael Martin MP Speaker of the House of Lords Hélène Hayman, PC Members 1377 (646 Commons, 731 Peers) Political groups Labour Party Conservative Party Liberal Democrats Scottish National Party Plaid Cymru Democratic Unionist... Queen Elizabeth II reads Canadas Speech from the Throne in 1977 The Speech from the Throne (or Throne Speech) is an event in certain monarchies in which the monarch (or a representative) reads a prepared speech to a complete session of parliament, outlining the governments agenda for the...


The Queen has never granted the Duke the title of Prince Consort. This title was granted to Albert, Prince Consort by his wife, Queen Victoria, and has not been used since then by a British consort. There was some media speculation in early 2007 that such a title might be conferred to mark the royal couple's 60th wedding anniversary in November 2007, however this has not occurred. Currently, he is the first husband of the Sovereign to bear a British peerage title since Prince George of Denmark, who was created Duke of Cumberland on his marriage to the future Queen Anne in 1683. A prince consort, generally speaking, is the husband of a Queen regnant, unless he himself is a king. ... Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Francis Albert Charles Augustus Emanuel, later HRH The Prince Consort; 26 August 1819 – 14 December 1861) was the husband and consort of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... Victoria Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819–22 January 1901) was a Queen of the United Kingdom, reigning from 20 June 1837 until her death. ... The Peerage of the United Kingdom comprises most peerages created in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland after the Act of Union in 1801. ... Prince George of Denmark Prince George of Denmark (April 2, 1653 - October 28, 1708) was the Prince consort of Queen Anne of Great Britain. ... Duke of Cumberland is a peerage title that was conferred upon junior members of the British royal family. ... Anne (6 February 1665 – 1 August 1714) became Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland on 8 March 1702, succeeding William III of England and II of Scotland. ...


As of April 2008, the Duke is the oldest surviving great-great-grandchild of Queen Victoria and is c. 480th in the line of succession to the British Throne in his own right (through his great-grandmother Princess Alice). He is the oldest serving consort in British history, though former consorts, such as the Queen Mother, have lived longer lives. On 18 April 2009, he will have been the longest-serving consort in British history (at 57 years and 71 days), surpassing Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. HRH The Prince of Wales, the Heir Apparent. ... Princess Alice (Alice Maud Mary; later The Grand Duchess of Hesse; April 25, 1843 – December 14, 1878), was a member of the British Royal Family, the third child and second daughter of Queen Victoria. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2009 (MMIX) will be a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Queen Charlotte, (née Duchess Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; 19 May 1744 – 17 November 1818) was the queen consort of George III of the United Kingdom (1738–1820). ...


Prince Philip Movement

It has been reported by the BBC that inhabitants of some small villages in Vanuatu, an island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean, worship Prince Philip as a god. Islanders have been interviewed and pictured with portraits, sent with Prince Philip's permission.[14] The Prince Philip Movement is a cargo cult of the Yaohnanen tribe in Vanuatu, who believe that Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh is a divine being. ...


Health

It was revealed in October 2007 that Prince Philip has been suffering from a heart condition since 1992. It is said that bodyguards protecting His Royal Highness have been trained to rush him to seek medical attention for simple dizziness or shortage of breath, even if it is against the Prince's own personal wishes. The Prince is said to have to take regular medication for his condition, but refuses to reduce his royal duties, which he has carried out alongside The Queen for the past 60 years as her consort. The Prince carries out over 300 royal engagements a year, behind only Princess Anne who carries out more engagements due to her younger age. [15] Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... Princess Anne redirects here. ...


On 3 April 2008, Prince Philip was admitted to the King Edward VII's Hospital in London for "assessment and treatment for a chest infection". He was seen to walk into the hospital unaided, and was reported to be sitting up in bed and attending to his usual papers whilst in hospital.[16] As of 6 April he has been released from hospital and is recuperating at Windsor Castle.[17] is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... There are several hospitals in the world named King Edward VII Hospital: UK King Edward VII Hospital, London King Edward VII Hospital, Midhurst King Edward VII Hospital, Windsor Bermuda King Edward VII Memorial Hospital, Bermuda All of these hospitals are named after King Edward VII of the United Kingdom. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the castle in Windsor. ...


Titles, styles, honours and arms

Styles of
The Duke of Edinburgh
Reference style His Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Royal Highness
Alternative style Sir

This is a list of awards, decorations, honours, orders and titles belonging to Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, consort to Queen Elizabeth II. Where two dates are listed, the first indicates the date of the attaining of the award or title, and the second indicates the date of its loss... A style of office, or honorific, is a form of address which by tradition or law precedes a reference to a person who holds a title or post, or to the political office itself. ... Royal Highness (abbreviation HRH) is a style (His Royal Highness or Her Royal Highness); plural Royal Highnesses (abbreviation TRH, Their Royal Highnesses). ...

Titles and styles

is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 3 is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 58 days remaining. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 4 is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 57 days remaining. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 160th day of the year (161st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ...

Arms

Shield of arms of Prince Philip as the Duke of Edinburgh
Royal Standard of Prince Philip as the Duke of Edinburgh

The family coat of arms of Prince Philip is that of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg. Image File history File links Philip_Duke_of_Edinburgh_Arms. ... Image File history File links Philip_Duke_of_Edinburgh_Arms. ...


The Duke has his own personal coat of arms, created on 19 November 1947. Unlike the arms used by other members of the Royal Family, the Duke's arms do not feature the Royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom, as men are not entitled to bear the arms of their wives. However they do feature elements representing Greece and Denmark, from which he is descended in the male line; the Mountbatten family arms, from which he is descended in the female line; and the City of Edinburgh, representing his dukedom. A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom is the official coat of arms of the British monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II. These arms are used by the Queen in her official capacity as monarch, and are officially known as her Arms of Dominion. ... For other uses, see Edinburgh (disambiguation). ... This article is about the nobility title. ...


The shield is quartered. The first quarter depicting the arms of Denmark consists of three blue lions passant and nine red hearts on a yellow field. The second quadrant depicts the arms of Greece, a white cross on a blue field. The third quarter depicts the arms of the Mountbatten family, two vertical black stripes on a white field. The fourth quarter depicts the arms of the City of Edinburgh, a black and red castle. The dexter supporter is a savage from the Danish Royal Coat of Arms; the sinister a golden lion (a traditional British symbol) wearing a ducal cornet and gorged (collared) with a naval crown, alluding to the Duke's naval career. This article is about the defensive device. ... Quartering in heraldry is a method of joining several different coats of arms together in one shield by dividing the shield into not more than four equal parts and placing different coats of arms in each division. ... The National Coat of Arms of Denmark consists of three crowned blue lions accompanied by nine red hearts, all in a golden shield. ... For other uses, see Lion (disambiguation). ... In heraldry, a charge is an image occupying the field on an escutcheon (or shield). ... The National Emblem of Greece consists of a blue escutcheon with a white cross totally surrounded by two laurel branches. ... The Coat of Arms of Prince Edward Island uses two foxes as supporters. ...


The coat features both the motto God is my help and the motto of the Order of the Garter, Honi soit qui mal y pense (Shamed be he who thinks ill of it) on a representation of the Garter behind the shield. For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... The insignia of a knight of the Order of the Garter. ...


A banner of the Duke's arms is used as his personal standard.[18]


Ancestry

This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Christian IX of Denmark (April 8, 1818 – January 29, 1906) was King of Denmark from November 15, 1863 to January 29, 1906. ... Luise Caroline, Princess of Hesse-Kassel (28 September 1789 – 13 March 1867) was the consort of Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and the matriarch of the house of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg. ... George I, King of the Hellenes (Greek: , Georgios A Vasileus ton Ellinon; December 24, 1845 – March 18, 1913) was King of Greece from 1863 to 1913. ... Prince William of Hesse-Kassel Prince William of Hesse-Kassel (24 December 1787 – 5 September 1867), son of Friedrich, Landgrave of Hessen-Kassel and Karoline of Nassau-Usingen. ... Louise of Hesse-Cassel, Luise Wilhelmine Friederike Caroline Auguste Julie von Hessen-Kassel (in Danish, Louise Wilhelmine Frederikke Caroline Auguste Julie), b Kassel 7 Sep 1817, d Bernstorff 29 Sep 1898, was a daughter of ancient German princely family, the Landgraves of Hesse, and became Queen of Denmark, being the... Princess Louise Charlotte of Denmark (30 October 1789 — 28 March 1864) was a princess of Denmark. ... Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark (20 January 1882(O.S.) - 3 December 1944), of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, was the son of George I (1845-1913), King of the Hellenes, and of Grand Duchess Olga Konstantinova (1851-1926) of Russia. ... Nicholas I (Russian: Николай I Павлович, Nikolaj I Pavlovič), July 6 (June 25, Old Style), 1796 – March 2 (18 February Old Style), 1855), was the Emperor of Russia from 1825 until 1855, known as one of the most reactionary of the Russian monarchs. ... Grand Duke Konstantine Nikolaievich of Russia Grand Duke Konstantine Nikolaievich of Russia (September 9, 1827 – January 13, 1892) was the second son of Tsar Nicholas I of Russia. ... Alexandra Feodorovna, born Charlotte, Princess of Prussia, (July 13, 1798 – November 1, 1860) was Empress consort of Russia. ... Olga, Queen of Greece Olga Konstantinovna of Russia later Queen Olga of Greece (in Russian Великая Княжна Ольга Константиновна in Greek Βασίλισσα Όλγα της Ελλάδος) (3 September 1851 - 18 June 1926), was the queen consort of King George I of Greece and briefly in 1920, Regent of Greece. ... Joseph, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg and family Joseph Georg Friedrich Ernst Karl, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg (b. ... Alexandra painted by Franz Xaver Winterhalter, c. ... Louis II (26 December 1777, Darmstadt – 16 June 1848, Darmstadt) was Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine from 1830 until his death. ... Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine Prince Alexander of Hesse GCB (15 July 1823 - 15 December 1888), was the third son and fourth child of Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse and Wilhelmina of Baden. ... Prince Louis of Battenberg Louis Alexander Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of Milford Haven, (24 May 1854 – 11 September 1921), formerly Prince Louis Alexander of Battenberg, was a minor German prince who married into the British Royal Family and pursued a distinguished career in the Royal Navy, eventually serving as First Sea... Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine with his wife, Julia von Hauke Julia von Hauke (November 12, 1825 (O.S.)/November 24, 1825 (N.S.)–September 19, 1895) was the wife of Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine (1823–1888), the mother of Alexander of Bulgaria, and ancestress to... Princess Alice of Battenberg Princess Alice of Battenberg, later Princess Andrew of Greece and Denmark (25 February 1885 - 5 December 1969) was a great-granddaughter of the British Queen Victoria who married into the royal house of Greece. ... Prince Karl of Hesse and by Rhine (23 April 1809 - 20 March 1877) was the second son of Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse and Wilhelmine of Baden. ... Ludwig IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine Louis IV (Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Karl) (12 September 1837 - 13 March 1892), was the fourth Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine, reigning from 13 June 1877 until his death. ... Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine, later Victoria Mountbatten, Marchioness of Milford Haven (Victoria Alberta Elisabeth Mathilde Marie) (5 April 1863-24 September 1950), was the eldest daughter of Ludwig IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine (1837-1892) and his wife Princess Alice of the United Kingdom... Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Francis Albert Charles Augustus Emanuel, later HRH The Prince Consort; 26 August 1819 – 14 December 1861) was the husband and consort of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... Princess Alice (Alice Maud Mary; later The Grand Duchess of Hesse; April 25, 1843 – December 14, 1878), was a member of the British Royal Family, the third child and second daughter of Queen Victoria. ... Queen Victoria redirects here. ...

Issue

Name Birth Marriage Issue Divorce
Charles, Prince of Wales 14 November 1948 29 July 1981 Lady Diana Spencer Prince William of Wales
Prince Henry of Wales
28 August 1996
9 April 2005 Camilla Parker-Bowles
Anne, Princess Royal 15 August 1950 14 November 1973 Mark Phillips Peter Phillips
Zara Phillips
28 April 1992
12 December 1992 Timothy Laurence
Prince Andrew, Duke of York 19 February 1960 23 July 1986 Sarah Ferguson Princess Beatrice of York
Princess Eugenie of York
30 May 1996
Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex 10 March 1964 19 June 1999 Sophie Rhys-Jones Lady Louise Windsor
Viscount Severn

“Prince Charles” redirects here. ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Diana Spencer redirects here. ... Prince William redirects here. ... For actual Princes of Wales called Henry see Henry, Prince of Wales. ... is the 240th day of the year (241st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall (Camilla Rosemary; formerly Parker Bowles; née Shand, born 17 July 1947) is the second wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, heir apparent to the thrones of the United Kingdom and the other 15 Commonwealth Realms. ... Princess Anne redirects here. ... This article is about the day of the year. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... Mark Antony Peter Phillips (born September 22, 1948), former Olympic gold-medal-winning horseman, was the first husband of Anne, Princess Royal. ... Peter Phillips could mean Peter Mark Andrew Phillips, the son of Anne, Princess Royal Peter Phillips the director of Project Censored This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Zara Anne Elizabeth Phillips, MBE (born 15 May 1981) is the second child and only daughter of Princess Anne, the Princess Royal and her first husband, Captain Mark Phillips. ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Rear Admiral Timothy James Hamilton Laurence, MVO, ADC (born 1 March 1955) was Equerry to The Queen from 1986 to 1989 and is the second husband of Anne, Princess Royal. ... The Prince Andrew, The Duke of York (Andrew Albert Christian Edward; born 19 February 1960) is a member of the British Royal Family, the third child and second son of Queen Elizabeth II. He has held the title of Duke of York since 1986. ... [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Sarah, Duchess of York (née Sarah Margaret Ferguson, born 15 October 1959) is the daughter of Major Ronald Ferguson by his wife Susan daughter of Fitzherbert Wright. ... “Princess Beatrice” redirects here. ... Princess Eugenie of York (Eugenie Victoria Helena; born 23 March 1990) is a member of the British Royal Family and a granddaughter of Queen Elizabeth II. Princess Eugenie is sixth in the Line of succession to the British Throne and has been since her birth in 1990. ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... The Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, KG, KCVO, SOM (Edward Antony Richard Louis Mountbatten-Windsor; born 10 March 1964) is a member of the British Royal Family, the youngest child and third son of Queen Elizabeth II. He has held the title of Earl of Wessex since 1999. ... is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... HRH The Countess of Wessex The Countess of Wessex (Sophie Helen Mountbatten-Windsor, née Rhys-Jones), (born January 20, 1965), is a member of the British Royal Family, the wife of HRH The Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, the youngest son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke... The Lady Louise Windsor (Louise Alice Elizabeth Mary; born 8 November 2003) is a member of the British Royal Family. ...

Controversial remarks

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:

Prince Philip is notorious for making remarks during public visits which have been regarded as offensive and/or based on stereotypes.[19] Some of his now infamous remarks were immediately interpreted as gaffes; but other awkward observations were construed as merely odd or off-colour or occasionally even funny.[20] Many such remarks may be found at the Wikiquote page on Prince Philip. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ...


In popular culture

  • Prince Philip sat for a portrait by Jonathan Yeo, which was commissioned by the Muscular Dystrophy Campaign[21]. The portrait was previewed in The Sunday Telegraph's supplement, Seven, on 13 January 2008.[22]
  • Prince Philip was the subject of ITV's two part documentary about his life in May 2008 called The Duke: A Portrait of Prince Philip

For Doris Dukes first husband, see James H.R. Cromwell. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... The Queen is a 2006 British drama film directed by Stephen Frears, written by Peter Morgan and stars Oscar-winner Dame Helen Mirren in the title role, Queen Elizabeth II. Released almost a decade after the event, the film depicts a semi-fictionalized account of the immediate events following the... John Birmingham (born 1964) is an Australian author. ... The Axis of Time trilogy is a series of novels written by Australian journalist and author John Birmingham. ... Alternative history or alternate history can be: A History told from an alternative viewpoint, rather than from the view of imperialist, conqueror, or explorer. ... Nevil Shute (London, January 17, 1899 – Melbourne, January 12, 1960) (full name Nevil Shute Norway) was one of the most popular novelists of the mid-20th century. ... In The Wet is a novel by Nevil Shute that was first published in the UK in 1953. ... Muscular Dystrophy Campaign is a British medical research charity dedicated to the curing of the muscular dystrophy. ...

See also

Prince George of Denmark Prince George of Denmark (April 2, 1653 - October 28, 1708) was the Prince consort of Queen Anne of Great Britain. ...

Bibliography

  • Wildlife Crisis with James Fisher, (1970)
  • The Environmental Revolution: Speeches on Conservation, 1962-1977 (1978)
  • A Question of Balance (1982)
  • Men, Machines and Sacred Cows (1984)
  • A Windsor Correspondence (1984)
  • Down to Earth: Speeches and writings of his Royal Highness Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, on the relationship of man with his environment (1988)
  • Survival or Extinction: A Christian Attitude to the Environment (1989)
  • Competition Carriage Driving (1994)
  • Driving and Judging Dressage (1996)

Forewords to: James Fisher (1922 - 1970) was a British author, editor, broadcaster, naturalist and ornithologist. ...

The Rev. ... // Random House is a publishing house based in New York City. ... For the publishing company of this name, see Pearson PLC Michael Joseph (1914-1981) was a British author on cats, among other subjects. ... The National Maritime Museum, Greenwich The National Maritime Museum (NMM) is the leading maritime museum of the United Kingdom, and one of the most important in the world. ... Graham Bartram is a British vexillologist (flag researcher), a vexillographer (flag designer), and is currently Secretary-General for Congresses of FIAV (Fédération internationale des associations vexillologiques). ...

Notes and references

  1. ^ As a titled royal, Philip holds no surname, but, when one is used, it is the surname he assumed when he became a British citizen, Mountbatten
  2. ^ He was born 10 June 1921 according to the Gregorian Calendar. However, at that time, Greece was still using the Julian Calendar; it did not convert to the Gregorian until 1 March 1923. His birth certificate shows the Julian date of 28 May 1921. (Charles Higham and Roy Moseley (1991), Elizabeth and Philip: The Untold Story, p.73.)
  3. ^ "Prince Philip's racist quotes compiled in a book", Associated Press (2006-05-31). Retrieved on 2008-01-23. 
  4. ^ The Times (London), Tuesday 5 December 1922, p.12
  5. ^ a b c d "Members of the Royal Family: HRH Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh". Official Web Site of the British Monarchy. The Royal Household. Retrieved on 2007-10-05.
  6. ^ Royal Navy Reserve Officers, 1939-1945: Maurice Jeffrey Dabbs Mayall, Cdre. 2nd cl. (ret), 1882-1966.
  7. ^ Smith, David. "Prince Philip's war heroics come to light after 60 years; Old comrade reveals how Duke's quick thinking saved his ship," Guardian (Manchester). December 28, 2003.
  8. ^ As a descendant of the Electress Sophia of Hanover through his mother, Princess Alice of Battenberg, Philip could already claim to be a naturalised British subject under the terms of the Sophia Naturalization Act 1705. His naturalisation was at Lord Mountbatten's behest and merely undertaken out of an abundance of caution in the somewhat xenophobic atmosphere of the immediate postwar years.
  9. ^ Velde, François. "Title of Prince: HRH Philip Duke of Edinburgh". Royal styles and titles: Files from the UK National Archives. Retrieved on 2006-09-05. “Home Office, Whitehall. S.W.1. 28 February 1955. "My dear George {Coldstream, Clerk of the Crown in Chancery}, We were speaking the other day about the designation of the Duke of Edinburgh. In 1948 the General Register Office consulted us about the way in which the birth of Prince Charles was to be registered. They sent over a suggested entry, in column 4 of which (name and surname of father) they had inserted: 'His Royal Highness Prince Philip'. I consulted {Sir Alan} Lascelles {principal private secretary to the King} on this and he laid my letter before The King, together with the draft entry, I have in my possession the entry, as amended by The King in his own hand. The King amended column 4, name and surname of father, to read: 'His Royal Highness Philip, Duke of Edinburgh'. Austin Strutt {assistant under-secretary of State}”
  10. ^ The Royal Family – The Earl of Wessex at 40
  11. ^ The Royal Family – TRH The Earl and Countess of Wessex – Background
  12. ^ Bradford, Sarah (1989). King George VI. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, p.424. ISBN 0297796674. 
  13. ^ a b Velde, François. "Title of Prince: HRH Philip Duke of Edinburgh". Royal styles and titles: Files from the UK National Archives. Retrieved on 2006-09-05.
  14. ^ "BBC".
  15. ^ "Fears for Prince Philip's health as secret heart condition is revealed". Broadsheet Newspaper. The Daily Mail. Retrieved on 2007-10-27.
  16. ^ "Duke of Edinburgh is in hospital". BBC News. Retrieved on 2008-04-04.
  17. ^ "Prince discharged from hospital". BBC News. Retrieved on 2008-07-04.
  18. ^ britishflags.net- HRH The Duke of Edinburgh
  19. ^ "Caught on tape: Infamous gaffes", BBC (September 19, 2006). ; Blair, Tim. "Prince Philip right to have a dig at Durie," News (Sydney). May 23, 2008.
  20. ^ Kennedy, Stephanie. "Prince Philip reminded of blunders on his 85th birthday," AM (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). June 10, 2006; Naysmith, Stephen. "The Secret Life of Prince Philip," Sunday Herald (Edinburgh). April 23, 2000; Duggan, Paul. "Prince Philip Has a Mouthful Of a Title. And, Often, His Foot." Washington Post. May 6, 2007.
  21. ^ from: [1]
  22. ^ From [2]

Mountbatten is the family name adopted by two branches of the Battenberg family due to rising anti-German sentiment among the British public during World War I. On 14 July 1917, Prince Louis of Battenberg assumed the surname Mountbatten (a literal translation of the German Battenberg) for himself and his... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... For the calendar of religious holidays and periods, see liturgical year. ... The Julian calendar was a reform of the Roman calendar which was introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC and came into force in 45 BC (709 ab urbe condita). ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 148th day of the year (149th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 339th day of the year (340th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... Electress Sophia of Hanover (born Sophia, Countess Palatine of Simmern; 14 October 1630 – 8 June 1714) was the youngest daughter of Frederick V, Elector Palatine, of the House of Wittelsbach, the Winter King of Bohemia, and Elizabeth Stuart. ... The Act for the Naturalization of the Most Excellent Princess Sophia, Electress and Duchess Dowager of Hanover, and the Issue of her Body was an Act of the Parliament of England (4 & 5 Ann. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The modern concept of Small Office and Home Office or SoHo , or Small or Home Office deals with the category of business which can be from 1 to 10 workers. ... Whitehall, London, looking south towards the Houses of Parliament. ... is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... Since 1885 the office of Clerk of the Crown in Chancery has been combined with that of Permanent Secretary to the Lord Chancellors Department. ... The General Register Office is that part of the government of England and Wales that deals with the civil registration of births, marriages and deaths. ... This article contains information that has not been verified. ... The Private Secretary to the Sovereign is the senior operational member of the Royal Household of the Sovereign of the United Kingdom, as distinct from the Great Officers of the Household. ... George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions from 11 December 1936 until his death. ... A Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, in the United Kingdom government structure, is a minister who is junior to a Minister of State who is then junior to a Secretary of State. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
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Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
Cadet branch of the House of Oldenburg
Born: 10 June 1921
British royalty
Preceded by
Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
as Queen consort
Prince-consort of the United Kingdom
6 February 1952 – present
Incumbent
Preceded by
India Hicks
Line of succession to the British Throne Succeeded by
Bernhard, Hereditary Prince of Baden
Academic offices
Preceded by
The Marquess of Linlithgow
Chancellor of the University of Edinburgh
1953 – present
Incumbent
Preceded by
The Lord Adrian
Chancellor of the University of Cambridge
1976 – present
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Queen Mary
Grand Master of the Order of the British Empire
24 March 1953 – present
Incumbent
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Duke of Edinburgh
3rd creation
20 November 1947 – present
Incumbent
Heir Apparent:
Charles, Prince of Wales
Order of precedence in the United Kingdom
Preceded by
The Sovereign
Gentlemen
HRH The Duke of Edinburgh
Succeeded by
Charles, Prince of Wales
Persondata
NAME Edinburgh, Philip
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Mountbatten, Philip
SHORT DESCRIPTION Prince consort and Duke of Edinburgh
DATE OF BIRTH 10 June 1921
PLACE OF BIRTH Corfu, Greece
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH
Download high resolution version (1181x1483, 116 KB)Cambridge University Shield - embossed. ... The Football Association (The FA) is the governing body of football in England and the Crown dependencies of Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man. ... Barnes Rugby Football Club, a rugby union club from Barnes, is one of the oldest in the country. ... Blackheath Rugby Club (BRC) is a rugby football club originally based in Blackheath in south-east London, but now playing at the Rectory Field in neighbouring Charlton. ... Civil Service F.C. is an English football club based in the city of London. ... Crystal Palace F.C. were an amateur football club, founded circa 1861, formed from the groundkeepers of the Great Exhibition. ... The Wanderers Football Club were an amateur football club, who were one of the leading clubs in English football in the 1860s and 1870s. ... Only known photograph of EC Morley Ebenezer Cobb Morley was an English sportsman and is regarded as the father of The Football Association and modern Association Football and, to a certain extent, of all organised football. ... Major (later Sir) Francis A Marindin (1838-1900), Royal Engineers become the President of the Football Association in 1874 and served in that capacity until 1890. ... Lord Kinnaird The Right Honourable Arthur Fitzgerald Kinnaird, 11th Lord Kinnaird KT (16 February 1847–30 January 1923) was a principal of the Football Association and a leading footballer. ... Major-General Alexander Augustus Frederick William Alfred George Cambridge, 1st Earl of Athlone, KG, GCB, GCMG, GCVO, DSO, PC, FRS, born His Serene Highness Prince Alexander of Teck (14 April 1874–16 January 1957), was a member of the British Royal Family, the younger brother of Queen Mary. ... The Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester (Henry William Frederick Albert; 31 March 1900 – 10 June 1974) was a member of the British Royal Family, the third son of George V of the United Kingdom and Queen Mary, and thus uncle to Elizabeth II. He was appointed regent for his niece... George Henry Hubert Lascelles, 7th Earl of Harewood KBE (born 7 February 1923), styled The Hon. ... Field Marshal Prince Edward, Duke of Kent (Edward George Nicholas Patrick Paul; born 9 October 1935) is a member of the British Royal Family, a grandchild of George V. He has held the title of Duke of Kent since 1942. ... The Prince Andrew, The Duke of York (Andrew Albert Christian Edward; born 19 February 1960) is a member of the British Royal Family, the third child and second son of Queen Elizabeth II. He has held the title of Duke of York since 1986. ... Prince William redirects here. ... Arthur Drewry (born March 3, 1891 in England) was the president of FIFA from 1955 to 1961. ... Alexander Graham Doggart, JP (2 June 1897-7 June 1963) was an English administrator, cricketer, footballer and magistrate. ... Joe Mears (d. ... Sir Harold Warris Thompson was an English physical chemist. ... Sir Frederick Albert (Bert) Millichip (August 5, 1914 - December 18, 2002) was an English association footballer best known for his sometimes controversial contributions to the administration of the game. ... Geoff Thompson is best known as the Chairman of The Football Association. ... David Maxim Triesman, Baron Triesman (born 30 October 1943) is a Labour member of the House of Lords. ... Only known photograph of EC Morley Ebenezer Cobb Morley was an English sportsman and is regarded as the father of The Football Association and modern Association Football and, to a certain extent, of all organised football. ... Charles William Alcock (December 2, 1842 - February 26, 1907) was a very influential English sports administrator and player. ... Sir Stanley Rous (April 25, 1895 – July 18, 1986) was an English football referee and administrator. ... Sir Denis Follows was educated at the universities of London and Nottingham. ... Born - 13 February 1924 Died - 25 December 1992 Birthplace Kingston,England Ted croker was a raf pilot and footballer for charlton athletic he was also a former secretary for the Football Association Ted was the man who proposed the charity shield first played in 1974 a curtain-raiser to the... Graham Kelly is an English football administrator. ... David Davies is the current head of the English Football Association. ... Adam Crozier (born January 26, 1964) is the Scottish chief executive of the Royal Mail. ... David Davies is the current head of the English Football Association. ... Mark Palios is so kool he rox,(born Liverpool 9 November 1952) is an English chartered accountant, football administrator and a former professional footballer. ... David Davies is the current head of the English Football Association. ... Brian Barwick is the current Chief Executive of The Football Association. ... A prince consort, generally speaking, is the husband of a Queen regnant, unless he himself is a king. ... The Duke of Edinburgh is a dukedom associated with Edinburgh, Scotland. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... This article is about the Greek island Kerkyra known in English as Corfu or Corcyra. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (1443 words)
Cmdr Philip Mountbatten RN Prince Philippos of Greece and Denmark
Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark (20 January 1882(O.S.) - 3 December 1944), of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, was the son of George I (1845-1913), King of the Hellenes, and of Grand Duchess Olga Konstantinova (1851-1926) of Russia.
Prince Philip was born on June 10, 1921 at Mon Repos on the island of Corfu, a Greek island in the Mediterranean Sea.
duke of Prince Philip Mountbatten Edinburgh - Encyclopedia.com (862 words)
Prince Philip Mountbatten Edinburgh, duke of, 1921-, consort of Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain, b.
He was the son of Prince Andrew of Greece and Princess Alice, daughter of Prince Louis of Battenberg, and a grandson of George I of Greece, great-grandson of Christian IX of Denmark, and great-great-grandson of Queen Victoria.
Philip's 'passion' for the duchess; Author given unprecedented access to royal household describes the Duke of Edinburgh's relationship with the Queen - and the other women in his life.
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