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Encyclopedia > Prince Leopold
British Royalty
House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha

Descendants of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert
Children
   Victoria, Princess Royal
   Edward VII
   Princess Alice
   Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
   Princess Helena
   Louise, Duchess of Argyll
   Arthur, Duke of Connaught
   Leopold, Duke of Albany
   Princess Beatrice
Grandchildren
   Alfred of Edinburgh
   Marie of Edinburgh
   Victoria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
   Alexandra of Edinburgh
   Beatrice of Edinburgh
   Margaret of Connaught
   Arthur of Connaught
   Patricia of Connaught
   Alice of Albany
   Carl, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Great Grandchildren
   Alastair of Connaught
   Johann Leopold of
   Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
   Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
   Hubertus of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
   Caroline of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
   Friedrich Josias of
   Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Edward VII
Children
   Albert, Duke of Clarence
   George V
   Louise, Princess Royal
   Princess Victoria
   Princess Maud
Maternal Grandchildren
   Alexandra, Duchess of Fife
   Maud of Fife

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany (Leopold George Duncan Albert) (7 April 185328 March 1884), was a member of the British Royal Family, a son of Queen Victoria. Leopold was later created the Duke of Albany, Earl of Clarence and Baron Arklow. He was diagnosed with haemophilia as a baby, which later killed him as an adult. Capitals Coburg and Gotha Head of State Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Saxe-Coburg-Gotha or Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (German: Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha) served as the name of the two German duchies of Saxe-Coburg and Saxe-Gotha in Germany, in the present-day states of Bavaria... Image File history File links Royal_Standard_of_England. ... Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837, and Empress of India from 1 January 1877, until her death. ... Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (in full Francis Charles Augustus Albert Emmanuel) (26 August 1819 – 14 December 1861) was the husband and consort of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... HRH The Princess Victoria, Princess Royal (later German Empress Frederick) Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (nee Her Royal Highness The Princess Victoria, Princess Royal of Great Britain and Ireland) (Victoria Adelaide Mary Louise), (21 November 1840-5 August 1901) was Empress of Germany and Queen of Prussia. ... Edward VII (Albert Edward) (9 November 1841–6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King of the Commonwealth Realms, and the Emperor of India. ... Princess Alice (Alice Maud Mary), (25 April 1843 – 14 December 1878), was a member of the British Royal Family, the third child and second daughter of Queen Victoria. ... Prince Alfred of the United Kingdom, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Duke of Edinburgh (born 6 August 1844 and died 30 July 1900), was the second son and fourth child of Queen Victoria and her husband, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ... The Princess Helena, (Helena Augusta Victoria), (25 May 1846 - 9 June 1923), was a member of the British Royal Family, the fifth-born child and the third daughter of Queen Victoria. ... The Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, (Louise Caroline Alberta), (18 March 1848 - 3 December 1939) was a member of the British Royal Family. ... Prince Arthur as a lieutenant in The Prince Consorts Own Rifle Brigade. ... The Princess Beatrice, (Beatrice Mary Victoria Feodore), (14 April 1857 - 26 October 1944), was a member of the British Royal Family, the fifth daughter and the youngest child of Queen Victoria. ... Prince Alfred of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg-Gotha was a member of the British Royal Family. ... Princess Marie of Edinburgh, later Queen of Romania (October 29, 1875 – July 18, 1938), was a member of the British Royal Family. ... Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Victoria Melita) (25 November 1876 - 2 March 1936) was a member of the British Royal Family, a granddaughter of Queen Victoria. ... Princess Alexandra of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (Alexandra Louise Olga Victoria) (September 1, 1878 - April 16, 1942) was a member of the British Royal Family. ... Princess Beatrice of Edinburgh (Beatrice Leopoldine Victoria), (20 April 1884 - 13 July 1966), was a member of the British Royal Family, a granddaughter of Queen Victoria. ... Princess Margaret of Connaught, Margaret Victoria Charlotte Augusta Norah Wettin (January 15, 1882 - May 1, 1920), Crown Princess of Sweden, was the daughter of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and his wife, the Princess Luise Marguerite of Prussia, and a granddaughter of Queen Victoria. ... Prince Arthur of Connaught, (Arthur Frederick Patrick Albert) (13 January 1883 - 12 September 1938) was a member of the British Royal Family, a grandson of Queen Victoria. ... Princess Patricia of Connaught , later Lady Patricia Ramsay (17 March 1886–12 January 1974) was a member of the British Royal Family, a granddaughter of Queen Victoria. ... Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone GCVO GBE VA (née Princess Alice of Albany) (25 February 1883 – 3 January 1981), was a member of the British Royal Family, a granddaughter of Queen Victoria. ... Carl Eduard, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Charles Edward George Albert Leopold) (19 July 1884 – 28 March 1954) was the last reigning Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha from 30 July 1900 to 14 November 1918. ... Prince Alastair of Connaught (Alastair Arthur Windsor), (August 9, 1914-April 26, 1942) was a member of the British Royal Family, a great grandson of Queen Victoria. ... Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (18 January 1908–28 November 1972) was Duchess of Västerbotten and a Princess of Sweden, and the mother of the future Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden. ... Prince Hubertus of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (August 24, 1909 – November 26, 1943) was a member of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, the second eldest son of Carl Eduard, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and his wife, Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein. ... Prince Friedrich Josias of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (Friedrich Josias Carl Eduard Ernst Kirill Harald) (November 29, 1918–January 23, 1998) was the Head of the Ducal House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha from 1954 to his death. ... Edward VII (Albert Edward) (9 November 1841–6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King of the Commonwealth Realms, and the Emperor of India. ... Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale (Albert Victor Christian Edward) KP (January 8, 1864 – January 14, 1892) was a member of the British Royal Family, as the eldest son of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII) and Alexandra of Denmark. ... George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert) (3 June 1865–20 January 1936) was the last British monarch of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, changing the name to the House of Windsor in 1917. ... Her Royal Highness The Princess Louise, Princess Royal and Duchess of Fife (Louise Victoria Alexandra Dagmar) (20 February 1867-4 January 1931), was the third child and the eldest daughter of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra. ... For other persons known as Princess Victoria, see Princess Victoria (disambiguation) The Princess Victoria (Victoria Alexandra Olga Mary) (6 July 1868-3 December 1935) was a member of the British Royal Family, the fourth child and second daughter of King Edward VII. // Early Life Princess Victoria was born on July... Princess Maud of Wales (Maud Charlotte Mary Victoria) (26 November 1869 – 20 November 1938) later Queen Maud of Norway was a member of the British Royal Family, a granddaughter of Queen Victoria, and later Queen consort of Norway, as the wife of King Haakon VII of Norway. ... Princess Alexandra, Duchess of Fife, (Alexandra Victoria Alberta Edwina Louise Duff) (17 May 1891-26 February 1959), was a member of the British Royal Family, a granddaughter of King Edward VII. Alexandra, and her younger sister, Maud, had the distinction of being the only female-line granddaughters of a British... Princess Maud of Fife (Maud Alexandra Victoria Georgina Bertha Duff) (3 April 1893-14 December 1945) was a member of the British Royal Family, a female line granddaughter of King Edward VII. Maud, and her elder sister, Alexandra, had the distinction of being the only female-line granddaughters of a... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... March 28 is the 87th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (88th in Leap years). ... 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Members of the Royal Family on the balcony of Buckingham Palace after the Trooping the Colour ceremony The British Royal Family is a group of people closely related to the British monarch. ... Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837, and Empress of India from 1 January 1877, until her death. ... Duke of Albany is a peerage title that has occasionally been bestowed on the youngers sons in the Scottish and later the British Royal Family, particularly in the Houses of Stuart and Hanover. ... Haemophilia or hemophilia is the name of any of several hereditary genetic illnesses that impair the bodys ability to control bleeding. ...

Contents


Early life

Leopold was born on April 7, 1853 at Buckingham Palace, London. His mother was Queen Victoria, the reigning British monarch. His father was Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. During labor, Queen Victoria chose to use chloroform and thus sanctioned the use of anesthesia recently developed by James Young Simpson. As a son of the British sovereign, the newborn was styled His Royal Highness The Prince Leopold at birth. His parents named him Leopold after his great uncle, King Leopold I of the Belgians. April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Buckingham Palace and the Victoria Memorial. ... For other uses, see London (disambiguation) and Defining London (below). ... Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837, and Empress of India from 1 January 1877, until her death. ... The British monarch or Sovereign is the monarch and head of state of the United Kingdom and its overseas territories, and is the source of all executive, judicial and (as the Queen-in-Parliament) legislative power. ... Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (Francis Charles Augustus Albert Emmanuel, of the Saxe-Coburg-Gotha branch of the House of Wettin) (26 August 1819 - 14 December 1861) was the husband and consort of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... PEL-TWA (OSHA) 50 ppm (240 mg/m3) IDLH (NIOSH) 500 ppm Flash point non-flammable RTECS number FS9100000 Supplementary data page Structure & properties n, εr, etc. ... Cetacaine, a typical topical anesthetic Anesthesia (American English), also anaesthesia (British English), is the process of blocking the perception of pain and other sensations. ... Sir James Young Simpson, (June 7, 1811 born in Bathgate, West Lothian, died May 6, 1870), professor of midwifery at the University of Edinburgh and physician to Queen Victoria, was a pioneer in Victorian medicine. ... Leopold of Saxe-Coburg (December 16, 1790 – December 10, 1865), was the first king of Belgium, or more correct of the Belgians, according to the constitution of that country, since July 21, 1831. ...


He was baptised in the Private Chapel of Buckingham Palace on 28 June 1853 by John Bird Sumner, Archbishop of Canterbury and his godparents were the King of Hanover, Princess Augusta of Prussia, Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge and the Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg. (Some entries on this page have been duplicated on August 1. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... John Bird Sumner (1780-1862), English archbishop, elder brother of Bishop Charles Sumner, was born at Kenilworth, Warwickshire, and educated at Eton and Cambridge. ... Arms of the see of Canterbury The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior clergyman of the established Church of England and symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion. ... George V, King of Hanover and 2nd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale, Georg Friedrich Alexander Karl Ernst August (27 May 1819-12 June 1878) was the only son of Ernst August I, King of Hanover and 1st Duke of Cumberland, the fifth son of King George III of the United... Grand Duchess Augusta of Saxe-Weimar (1811–1890) was the queen consort of Wilhelm I of Germany. ... Her Royal Highness Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge (Mary Adelaide Wilhelmina Elizabeth), (November 27, 1833 – October 27, 1897), was a member of the British Royal Family, a granddaughter of King George III. She later held the title of Duchess of Teck by marriage. ...


Leopold inherited the disease of haemophilia from his mother, Queen Victoria, and spent most of childhood as a semi-invalid. Haemophilia or hemophilia is the name of any of several hereditary genetic illnesses that impair the bodys ability to control bleeding. ...


Education and career

In 1872, Prince Leopold, entered Christ Church, Oxford where he studied a variety of subjects. He left the university with an honorary doctorate in civil law (DCL) in 1876. Prince Leopold travelled in Europe and 1880, he toured Canada and the United States with his sister, Princess Louise, whose husband John Campbell, Marquess of Lorne was the Governor General of Canada. Incapable of pursuing a military career because of his illness, Prince Leopold instead became a patron of the arts and literature. In 1878, he became president of Royal Society of Literature and in the following year became vice president of the Royal Society of Arts. From 1876 until his death, he served as Queen's private secretary. 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... College name Christ Church Named after Jesus Christ Established 1546 Sister College Trinity College Dean The Very Revd Christopher Andrew Lewis JCR President William Dorsey Undergraduates 426 Graduates 154 Home page Boat Club Christ Church, called in Latin Ædes Christi (i. ... 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) is a leap year starting on Saturday. ... 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, (Louise Caroline Alberta), (18 March 1848 - 3 December 1939) was a member of the British Royal Family. ... John George Edward Henry Douglas Sutherland Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll, usually better known by his courtesy title of Marquess of Lorne, by which he was known before 1900 (August 6, 1845 - May 2, 1914) was Governor General of Canada. ... The Governor General of Canada (French: Gouverneure générale du Canada or Gouverneur général du Canada) is the representative of the Canadian monarch. ... The Royal Society of Literature is the senior literary organisation in Britain. External link The Royal Society of Literature Categories: Literature stubs | Literature of the United Kingdom ... The Royal Society for the encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce (RSA) is a British multi-disciplinary institution, based in London. ... 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) is a leap year starting on Saturday. ...


Marriage

Prince Leopold, stifled by the desire of his mother, Queen Victoria, to keep him at home, saw marriage as his only hope of independence. The heiress, Daisy Maynard, was one of the women he considered as a bride. Due to his haemophilia he had a difficult time finding a wife, and enlisted the help of his reluctant mother. She suggested a meeting with Princess Helene Frederica, daughter of George Victor, reigning Prince of Waldeck-Pyrmont. On 27 April 1882 Leopold and Helen were married at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837, and Empress of India from 1 January 1877, until her death. ... Frances Evelyn Daisy Greville, Countess of Warwick [1] (10 December 1861–26 July 1938) was a society beauty and courtesan, and a mistress to King Edward VII. Royal marriage, affairs Born Frances Evelyn Maynard, she was the daughter of The Hon. ... Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Albany (née Her Serene Highness Princess Helene Friederike Auguste of Waldeck and Pyrmont) (17 February 1861 - 1 September 1922) was the daughter of George Victor of Waldeck-Pyrmont (1831-1893) and his wife Helene Wilhelmine of Nassau-Weilburg (1831-1888) She was born in... Waldeck (or later Waldeck-Pyrmont) was a sovereign principality in what is now Lower Saxony and Hesse (Germany). ... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... St Georges Chapel, Windsor St. ... Windsor Castle: The Round Tower or keep dominating the castle, as seen from the River Thames. ...


They had two children:

  • Princess Alice of Albany (1883–1981), later HRH Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone (sister-in-law to Queen Mary).
  • Leopold Charles Edward George Albert (known as 'Charlie'), Prince Charles, Duke of Albany and later reigning Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (1884–1954). Born four months after his father's death.

Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone (nee Princess Alice of Albany)(25 February 1883 - 3 January 1981), was a member of the British Royal Family, a granddaughter of Queen Victoria. ... Mary of Teck Victoria Mary Augusta Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes, Princess of Teck (26 May 1867 – 24 March 1953), later Queen Mary, was the Queen consort of George V of the United Kingdom. ... Carl Eduard, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duke of Albany (Leopold Charles Edward George Albert) (19 July 1884 – 28 March 1954) was the last reigning Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha in Germany from 30 July 1900 to 14 November 1918. ... Saxe-Coburg-Gotha or Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (German: Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha) was once the name given to the two German duchies of Saxe-Coburg and Saxe-Gotha in Germany, in the present states of Bavaria and Thuringia, which were in personal union between 1826 and 1918. ...

Death

Prince Leopold had haemophilia and went to Cannes on doctor's orders in February 1884: joint pain is a common symptom of haemophilia and the winter climate in England was always difficult for him. His wife, pregnant at the time, stayed home but urged him to go. On March 27 he slipped and fell in the Yacht Club in Villa Nevada Cannes, in France, injuring his knee and he died in the early hours of the next morning, apparently from the effects of the morphine he had been given and the claret that was served with his supper. He was buried in the Albert Memorial Chapel at Windsor. His posthumous son, Prince Charles, succeeded him as 2nd Duke of Albany upon birth. Haemophilia or hemophilia is the name of any of several hereditary genetic illnesses that impair the bodys ability to control bleeding. ... The seaside town of Cannes, in southern France, as seen from a ferry speeding towards lîle Saint Honorat Cannes (Canas in Provençal) (pronounced ) is a city and commune in southern France, located on the Riviera, in the Alpes-Maritimes département. ...


Titles and honours

Titles from birth to death

  • His Royal Highness The Prince Leopold
  • His Royal Highness The Duke of Albany

Honours

Preceded by:
New Creation
Duke of Albany Succeeded by:
Carl Eduard

  Results from FactBites:
 
Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (748 words)
Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany (Leopold George Duncan Albert; 7 April 1853 – 28 March 1884) was a member of the British Royal Family, a son of Queen Victoria.
Prince Leopold travelled in Europe and 1880, he toured Canada and the United States with his sister, Princess Louise, whose husband John Campbell, Marquess of Lorne was the Governor General of Canada.
Prince Leopold had haemophilia and went to Cannes on doctor's orders in February 1884: joint pain is a common symptom of haemophilia and the winter climate in England was always difficult for him.
Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Leopold, (632 words)
Leopold II LEOPOLD II [Leopold II] 1747-92, Holy Roman emperor (1790-92), king of Bohemia and Hungary (1790-92), as Leopold I grand duke of Tuscany (1765-90), third son of Maria Theresa.
Leopold III LEOPOLD III [Leopold III] 1901-83, king of the Belgians (1934-51), son and successor of Albert I.
Leopold I LEOPOLD I [Leopold I] 1640-1705, Holy Roman emperor (1658-1705), king of Bohemia (1656-1705) and of Hungary (1655-1705), second son and successor of Ferdinand III.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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