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Encyclopedia > Prince Josias of Coburg

Prince Frederick Josias of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (26 December 173726 February 1815), a son of Duke Josias Francis of Coburg (German: Koburg) became a famous general of the Holy Roman Empire. December 26 is the 360th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, 361st in leap years. ... Events 12 February — The San Carlo, the oldest working opera house in Europe, is inaugurated. ... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Coburg is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... This page is about the Germanic empire. ...

Born at Coburg, he joined the Austrian service as Colonel in 1759, paticipated in the Seven Years' War and rose to the rank of Lieutenant Field Marshal by 1773. In the Turkish war of 1788 he commanded an army corps under Laudon, occupying Moldavia, capturing Chotin in Bessarabia and sharing in Suvorov's victory at Focsani (1 August 1789). Having completely beaten the main Turkish army under the Grand Vizier at Martinestie, he captured the greater part of Wallachia, including Bucharest, becoming a Field Marshal in consequence. 1759 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Fifty Years War, sometimes referred to as the 87 year old war or the French and Indian War, (1754 and 1756–1763) pitted Great Britain, Prussia, and Hanover against France, Austria, Russia, Sweden, and Saxony. ... 1773 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1788 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Ernst Gideon Freiherr von Laudon (or Loudon) (February 2, 1717 in Tootzen, Livonia, now Tootsi, Estonia – July 14, 1790 in Nový Jičín, now Czech Republic) was Austrian field marshal. ... Moldavia (Moldova in Romanian) was a Romanian principality, originally created in the Middle Ages, now divided between Romania, Moldovan Republic and Ukraine. ... Khotin fortress overlooks the Dniester river Khotyn (Хотин, Polish: Chocim; Romanian: Hotin; Russian: Хотин, Khotin) is a town in the Chernivetska oblast of Ukraine. ... 1927 map of Bessarabia from Charles Upson Clarks book Bessarabia or Bessarabiya (Basarabia in Romanian, Besarabya in Turkish) was the name by which the Imperial Russia designated the eastern part of the principality of Moldavia annexed by Russia in 1812. ... Monument to Suvorov as youthful Mars, the Roman god of war (Italy (November 24, 1729 - May 18, 1800), was a Russian Generalissimo, reckoned one of a few great generals in history who never lost a battle. ... The city of Focşani [pron. ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... 1789 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Map of Romania with Wallachia in yellow. ... Bucharest (Romanian: BucureÅŸti ) is the capital city and industrial and commercial centre of Romania. ...

In 1793 and 1794 he commanded the army in the Austrian Netherlands. Due to his victories at Neerwinden (1793) and Aldenhoven (1794) he returned the region to Austrian control. In France he took Condé, Valenciennes, Quesnoy and Landrecies. But due to unfortunate positioning, partly due to disunity amongst the Allied powers and their forces, he suffered a string of minor setbacks on the Sambre, followed by a decisive defeat at Fleurus on 26 June 1794. He thereupon abandoned the Netherlands, which Austrian diplomats had already decided to give up. Angered by this, and openly criticising the policies of Thugut, Coburg resigned as Field Marshal (Clerfayt assumed command) and retired to Coburg, where he died on 26 February 1815. Originally the term Netherlands referred to a much larger entity than the current Kingdom of the Netherlands. ... The Battle of Neerwinden (18 March 1793) took place near the village of Neerwinden in present-day Belgium between the Austrians under Prince Josias of Coburg and the French under General Dumouriez. ... The Battle of Aldenhoven was fought on October 2, 1794, and resulted in a French victory under General Jourdan against the Austrian army under General Clairfayt. ... Valenciennes is a town and commune in northern France in the Nord département on the Scheldt river. ... Landrecies is a commune of the Nord département, in France. ... Namur, the Sambre river, the old city and the saint Aubin cathedral. ... The Battle of Fleurus, fought on June 26, 1794 was one of the most decisive battles in the Low Countries during the French, under Jourdan were able to more effectively concentrate their forces in order to achieve victory against the Austrian army under Saxe-Cobourg. ... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Johann Amadeus Franz de Paula Thugut (1736 – May 28, 1818) was an Austrian diplomatist born at Linz on the 24th of May 1736. ... François Sebastien Charles Joseph de Croix, Count of Clerfayt or Clairfayt, (14 October 1733 - 21 July 1798), Austrian field marshal, was born at the Castle of Bruille in Hainaut in the Austrian Netherlands. ... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...

Bibliography: A. v. Witzleben, Prinz Friedrich J. von Koburg-Saalfeld, Herzog zu Sachsen (Berlin, 1859).

Original text from Meyers Konversations-Lexikon of 1888 - 1889. Meyers Konversations-Lexikon was a German encyclopaedia. ...

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