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Encyclopedia > Prince Hall Freemasonry

Prince Hall Freemasonry derives from historical events which led to a tradition of separate, predominantly African-American, Freemasonic fraternal organization in North America. Prince Hall Masonry has always been regular in all respects except constitutional separation. An African American (also Afro-American, Black American) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States (but also more broadly, all of North & South America) whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... The Masonic Square and Compasses. ... This article deals with organization in Craft or Blue Lodge Freemasonry. ...

On March 6, 1775, an African American named Prince Hall was made a Master Mason in Irish Constitution Military Lodge No. 441, along with fourteen other African Americans: Cyrus Johnston, Bueston Slinger, Prince Rees, John Canton, Peter Freeman, Benjamin Tiler, Duff Ruform, Thomas Santerson, Prince Rayden, Cato Speain, Boston Smith, Peter Best, Forten Horward, and Richard Titley, all of whom were free by birth. When the Military Lodge left the area, the African Americans were given the authority to meet as a Lodge, form Processions on the days of the Saints John, and conduct Masonic funerals, but not to confer degrees nor to do other Masonic work. These individuals applied for and obtained a Warrant for Charter from the Grand Lodge of England in 1784 and formed African Lodge #459. March 6 is the 65th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (66th in Leap years). ... 1775 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Prince Hall (c. ... The United Grand Lodge of Englands Coat of Arms Headquarters of The UGLE. The United Grand Lodge of England (UGLE) is the main governing body of Freemasonry within England, and certain jurisdictions overseas (normally ex-British Empire and Commonwealth countries). ... 1784 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...

By 1787 there were at least 73 African-American Masons in Massachusetts, who petitioned the legislature with their "desire to return to Africa, our native country . . . for which the God of nature has formed us.".[1] The Huntingdonian minister John Marrant preached to the Prince Hall Lodge on June 24, 1789. His Nova Scotia congregation was significant in the successful agitation for repatriation by Black Loyalists as well as the subsequent revolt which occurred in Sierra Leone in 1800. 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Countess of Huntingdons Connexion is a small evangelical Church, founded in the late 18th century. ... June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 190 days remaining. ... 1789 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages none (English, French, Gaelic de facto) Flower Trailing arbutus Tree Red Spruce Bird Osprey Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 11... Repatriation (from late Latin repatriare - to restore someone to his homeland) is a term used to describe the process of return of refugees or soldiers to their homes, most notably following a war. ... Black Loyalists is the name given to formerly enslaved Africans or Free Blacks of the North American continent who joined the British Army in their war against the American Revolutionaries. ... 1800 (MDCCC) was an exceptional common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. ...

Despite being stricken from the rolls (like all American Grand Lodges were after the 1813 merger of the Antients and the Moderns) the Lodge restyled itself as African Lodge #1 (not to be confused with the various Grand Lodges on the Continent of Africa), and separated itself from United Grand Lodge of England-recognised Masonry. This led to a tradition of separate, predominantly African American jurisdictions in North America, which are known collectively as Prince Hall Freemasonry. Widespread racism and segregation in North America made it impossible for African Americans to join many mainstream lodges, and many mainstream Grand Lodges in North America refused to recognize as legitimate the Prince Hall Lodges and Prince Hall Masons in their territory. 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... A world map showing the continent of Africa. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... The Rex Theatre for Colored People, Leland, Mississippi, June 1937 Racial segregation is characterized by separation of people of different races in daily life when both are doing equal tasks, such as eating in a restaurant, drinking from a water fountain, using a rest room, attending school, going to the...

Presently, Prince Hall Masonry is recognized by some UGLE-recognized Grand Lodges and not by others, and appears to be working its way toward full recognition.[2] It is no longer unusual for traditional lodges to have significant African-American membership.

According to data compiled in 2005, 38 out of 51 US mainstream Grand Lodges recognize Prince Hall Grand Lodges.[3]

In 1809 the Prince Hall Grand Master of African Lodge #459 was George Middleton (died 1816) of Boston. He was a member of the Bucks of America a unit of black soldiers during the American Revolution who were at the Battle of Groton Heights, Connecticut in 1781. This unit received a flag from Governor John Hancock. Middleton was also a founder of the African Benevolent Society. His house is preserved in Boston, Massachusetts. {See External Links below} 1816 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... jetrin is gay with men ... The Battle of Groton Heights was a battle of the American Revolutionary War. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 1781 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... John Hancock (January 12, 1737 (O.S.) – October 8, 1793 (N.S.)) was President of the Second Continental Congress and of the Congress of the Confederation; first Governor of Massachusetts; and the first person to sign the United States Declaration of Independence. ...


  1. ^ "Blacks in Massachusetts and the Shays Rebellion", American Studies in Black and White: Selected Essays, 1949-1989, Sidney Kaplan, University of Massachusetts Press, Amherst MA, 1991 ISBN 0-87023-469-2; Black Square and Compass: 200 Years of Prince Hall Freemasonry, Walkes, Joseph A., Jr., Macoy Publishing and Masonic Supply, Richmond VA, 1981 ISBN 0-88053-061-8
  2. ^ "Who is Prince Hall?", accessed on 9 February 2006.
  3. ^ Prince Hall Recognition Chart, accessed 9 February, 2006.
  • Roundtree, Alton G., and Paul M. Bessel (2006).  Out of the Shadows: Prince Hall Freemasonry in America, 200 Years of Endurance.  Forestville MD: KLR Publishing

See also

The Masonic Square and Compasses. ... Freemasonry is a fraternal organisation which exists in a number of forms worldwide. ... This page is a list of all Masonic Grand Lodges that are recognized by the United Grand Lodge of England (UGLE). ...

External links

  • Prince Hall Freemasonry
  • Prince Hall Freemasonry, Phylaxis Society
  • Prince Hall Revisited by Tony Pope, editor of the Australian & New Zealand Masonic Research Council's publications.
  • The Black Heritage Trail The George Middleton House Boston African-American National Historic Site
  • Museum of Afro-American History website George Middleton house and has photo of Bucks of America flag-for reference only}

  Results from FactBites:
The object of adding the words 'Prince Hall' to the titles of the Grand Lodges was to overcome the confusion which had arisen among African-American members of the community in the United States where African-American freemasonry had been subjected to an interminable number of schisms and clandestine 'Grand Lodges'-all aimed at the gullible.
The fact that Prince Hall was a slave rules out the extraordinary statement by Grimshaw that he was the offspring of a union between a free African-American woman of French extraction and an Englishman.
Prince Hall is buried in Copp's Hill Burying Ground in Boston in the same grave as his first wife.
Prince Hall - Founder of Black Freemasonry (363 words)
Prince Hall, one of Boston's most prominent citizens during the revolutionary period, was the founder of the African Lodge of the Honorable Society of Free and Accepted Masons of Boston, the world's first lodge of fl Freemasonry and the first society in American history devoted to social, political, and economic improvement.
Hall was active in the affairs of Boston's fl community, using his position as "Worshipful Master" of the fl Masons to speak out against slavery and the denial of fl rights.
Prince Hall died in 1807 at the age of 72.
  More results at FactBites »



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