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Encyclopedia > Prince Buster

Cecil Bustamente Campbell (born May 28, 1938), better known as Prince Buster, is a musician from Kingston, Jamaica and regarded as one of the most important figures in the history of ska and rocksteady music. The records he made on the Blue Beat label in the 1960s inspired several reggae and ska artists. Image File history File links Lppbgreath. ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... The location of Kingston Kingston (population 652,000) is the capital of Jamaica. ... Ska is a form of Jamaican music which began as early as the 1930s. ... Rocksteady is the name given to a style of music popular in Jamaica between 1966 and 1968. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ... Reggae is a music genre developed in Jamaica. ...

Contents


Biography

Early life

Campbell was born into a working-class family in Kingston. The son of a train driver, he grew up in one of the city's toughest neighbourhoods. At a young age, he developed a taste for music and yearned to be a singer. In 1956, he started singing at Kingston nightclubs for small pay. He formed a succession of bands with several of his friends, none of which were really successful. 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


What turned Campbell's music career around was the growing sound system craze. Across Jamaica, music promoters drove vans filled with stereo equipment to stage mobile parties. The operators of the sound system would play the most popular R&B dance records of the day, and often they would have a vocalist called a toaster call out the dancers' names, chant in rhythm, and make light-hearted boasts; the toaster form was the primary influence on early rap MCs. Rhythm and blues (or R&B or even Runub) was coined as a musical marketing term in the United States in 1949 by Jerry Wexler at Billboard magazine, and was used to designate upbeat popular music performed by African American artists that combined jazz, gospel, and blues. ... For other meanings see Toast (disambiguation) Toasting, chatting, or DJing is the act of talking or chanting over a rhythm or beat. ... Popular West Coast rapper Snoop Dogg performing for the US Navy. ...


Eventually, Campbell was introduced to Clement Dodd, a musically inclined businessman who operated one of Kingston's most popular sound systems. Interestingly, Campbell was not hired as a musician but as security; because of rivalries between fans devoted to a particular sound system, the parties sometimes could become quite rough, and Campbell had been a skillful amateur boxer as a teenager. It was in this line of work that he earned the nickname "The Prince", which along with his boyhood moniker "Buster" (from his middle name Bustamente), formed the name under which he would later become famous. Clement Seymour Sir Coxsone Dodd (Kingston, Jamaica, January 26, 1932 – May 5, 2004) was a Jamaican record producer who was influential in the development of reggae and other forms of Jamaican music in the 1950s, 60s and later. ... Professional boxing bout featuring Ricardo Dominguez (left) vs. ...


Artistic and producing career

In 1960, Buster produced a record for the Folkes Brothers for the Wild Bells label, "Oh Carolina," under his nickname. It was an instant hit in Jamaica, and Buster's early records (most of which were released in the UK by Melodisc Records) contributed greatly to the developing sound of ska. Buster was soon recording himself as well as producing records for others. By this time ska was becoming the hottest music in the country, and he moved on to Melodisc's spinoff label, Blue Beat, which focused exclusively on ska. Image File history File links Buster. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... The Folkes Brothers were a Jamaican mento group, composed of John, Mico, and Junior Folkes. ...


From 1963 to the end of the decade, Buster wrote and cut dozens of records for Blue Beat, nearly all of which were hits. In addition, he produced over one hundred records for other artists on the same label. He experimented with new production techniques that were used by other producers for years. Soon after his initial success, Buster was drawing international attention. He toured Britain extensively during this period, playing to sellout crowds, and appeared on commercial TV broadcaster Rediffusion London's Friday early-evening pop show Ready, Steady, Go! in 1964. Several of Buster's singles charted in the UK; "Al Capone" was the first Jamaican record to break into Britain's top 20. He also toured the Netherlands and other European countries. Although none of his singles charted as highly in the United States, he went on a successful American tour in 1967. 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... World map showing Europe Political map Europe is one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiographic one, leading to various perspectives about Europes borders. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ...


Although beloved by music fans in his home land and many others, Buster's relationship to his fellow ska pioneer, producer Leslie Kong, was far less amiable. A former protegé of his, Derrick Morgan, had a falling out with Buster and starting working instead with Kong. When Morgan and Kong started releasing singles that lifted their melodies from Buster's own recordings, Buster fought back by recording an indictment of Kong, "Blackhead Chinaman." The two hitmakers continued to trade insults in song form back and forth, foreshadowing in many ways the famous rivalries between rap producers in the 1990s. Leslie Kong (1933–August 9, 1971) ran the Beverleys label. ... Derrick Morgan** was a musical artist in 1960s and 70s. ... The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive. ...


Besides being a pioneering musician, Buster, like Clement Dodd, was also very interested in business. He started a record store in Kingston in the early 1960s which is still owned and operated by his family today. Later he founded a jukebox company. He also started the Prince Buster Records label; although it proved unsuccessful, he was able to cut most of his losses by selling it to the former owner of Blue Beat. For other uses, see Jukebox (disambiguation) A jukebox is a partially automated music-playing device, usually a coin-operated machine, that can play specially selected songs from self-contained media. ...


Post-recording life

By the 1970s Buster had slowed down his career as a musician to focus on his business ventures. The ska sound was not as popular as it once was, but its influence was clearly felt in its descendants: rocksteady, which was basically ska with a slowed-down beat, and by rocksteady's better-known successor, reggae. In addition to the musical influence, many reggae lyrics expressed an Afrocentric, Marcus Garvey-inspired worldview, which had been present in some of Prince Buster's songs. Bob Marley, Toots Hibbert, and other reggae stars have acknowledged their debt. Buster also made a cameo appearance in the acclaimed international hit movie, The Harder They Come. Image File history File links The_prophet. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... Reggae is a music genre developed in Jamaica. ... Afrocentrism holds that Eurocentrism has led to the neglect or denial of the contributions of Africas original peoples and focused instead on a generally European-centered model of world civilization and history. ... Marcus Garvey (far right) in parade Marcus Mosiah Garvey, National Hero of Jamaica, (August 17, 1887 – June 10, 1940) was a publisher, journalist, entrepreneur, crusader for black nationalism, and founder of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL). ... Robert Nesta Marley, OM (February 6, 1945 – May 11, 1981) better known as Bob Marley, was a Jamaican singer, guitarist, songwriter, Rastafari and activist. ... Frederick Toots Hibbert (born 1946) is a legendary Ska and roots reggae singer and leader of the reggae band Toots and the Maytals. ... The Harder They Come is a 1972 Jamaican movie starring the reggae singer Jimmy Cliff, who plays Ivanhoe Martin, and directed by Perry Henzel. ...


By the late 1970s, Buster was in serious financial trouble. His business ventures were all posting losses or low profits, and the loans he had taken out to start them were catching up. Fortunately for him, ska was experiencing a revival in the United Kingdom. In 1979, the band Madness released its first record, a tribute to Buster called "The Prince," which urged ska fans to remember "the man who set the beat", stating "So I'll leave it up to you out there / To get him back on his feet." Interest in Buster soared during this time; he received royalties when bands like The Specials, The (English) Beat, and The Selecter recorded covers of his songs, and his old records were reissued and sold well. Between these boons, The Prince was indeed able to "get back on his feet." This page refers to the year 1979. ... Madness are a British ska band who achieved most of their success in the 1980s. ... The Specials are a British band formed in 1977 in Coventry (see 1977 in music). ... The Beat, known in the United States as The English Beat, was an essential Two Tone ska and pop music group. ... The Selecter were a British ska revival band from Coventry, England, formed in the late 1970s and who became one of the essential bands of the British ska movement. ...


Prince Buster now lives in Miami, Florida. He no longer records or produces, but has performed at a few shows over the past several years. The Magic City, The American Riviera, The Sixth Borough Location of Miami in Miami-Dade County, Florida. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,794 sq mi (170,451 km²)  - Width 162 miles (260 km)  - Length 497 miles (800 km)  - % water 17. ...


Albums Discography

  • I Feel The Spirit - FAB
  • Fly Flying Ska -
  • Pain In My Belly -
  • Ska-Lip-Soul -
  • It's Burke's Law -
  • What A Hard Man Fe Dead -
  • Prince Buster On Tour -
  • Judge Dread Rock Steady -
  • She Was A Rough Rider -
  • Wreck A Pum Pum -
  • The Outlaw -
  • FABulous Greatest Hits - 1963-1981 - FAB/Sequel (1993)
  • 15 Oldies but Goodies - FAB
  • Tutti Frutti -Melodisc
  • Chi Chi Run - FAB
  • The Message-Dub Wise - 1972 - FAB/Melodisc
  • Sister Big Stuff - Melodisc
  • Big Five - Melodisc
  • Jamaica's Greatest - Melodisc
  • Ten Commandments - 1967 - RCA
  • Dance Cleopatra Dance - Blue Elephant

  Results from FactBites:
 
Prince Buster - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (914 words)
Cecil Bustamente Campbell (born May 28, 1938), better known as Prince Buster, is a musician from Kingston, Jamaica and regarded as one of the most important figures in the history of ska and rocksteady music.
It was an instant hit in Jamaica, and Buster's early records (most of which were released in the UK by Melodisc Records) contributed greatly to the developing sound of ska.
From 1963 to the end of the decade, Buster wrote and cut dozens of records for Blue Beat, nearly all of which were hits.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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