FACTOID # 27: If you're itching to live in a trailer park, hitch up your home and head to South Carolina, where a whopping 18% of residences are mobile homes.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Prince (artist)
Prince

Country United States
Years active 1978–present
Genre(s) Rock, pop, R&B, soul, funk, funk-rock, funk metal, New Wave, dance, psychedelic rock, hip-hop
Label(s) Universal
Arista
NPG Records
Warner Bros.
Columbia

Prince (born Prince Rogers Nelson on June 7, 1958), known as Image:Princesymbol.png (or, The Artist Formerly Known As Prince) from 1993 to 2000, is a popular and influential American musician. His music has spanned myriad styles including funk, pop, rock, R&B, soul, and hip-hop, and he is widely regarded as a musical genius and the definition of the “Minneapolis sound.” He is also known to have hundreds of songs unreleased in a vault under his own alias, as well as other names. Regarded as a perfectionist, Prince has a reputation as being difficult to work with, and for being highly protective of his music. He writes, composes, and produces most of his music single-handedly, and plays most of the instruments on his albums. He also is a well-known songwriter for other artists, and some of those songs have topped the charts as well. June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. ... 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Prince changed his name to this symbol in 1993 following a contractual dispute with his record company. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... This article is about the year 2000. ... A musician is a person who plays or composes music. ... Funk is a distinct style of music originated by African-Americans, e. ... For Popular music (music that is popular, rather than of a specific genre or style), see Popular music. ... Rock is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars, a bass guitar, and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as keyboards (organ, piano synthesizers) and horns (saxophone, trumpet, trombone) are common in some styles, however, horns have been omitted from newer subgenres... Rhythm and blues (or R&B or even Runub) was coined as a musical marketing term in the United States in 1949 by Jerry Wexler at Billboard magazine, and was used to designate upbeat popular music performed by African American artists that combined jazz, gospel, and blues. ... Soul music is a combination of rhythm and blues and gospel which began in the late 1950s in the United States. ... Hip hop music (also referred to as rap or rap music) is a style of popular music. ... The Minneapolis sound is a hybrid mixture of funk, rock, pop, and new wave that was masterminded by Prince in the late 1970s. ...

Contents


Biography

Uptown: Early years

A young Prince composing in 1977
A young Prince composing in 1977

Prince Rogers Nelson was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota at Mount Sinai Hospital on June 7, 1958 to John L. Nelson and Mattie Shaw. John L. Nelson played in a jazz trio The Prince Rogers Trio, hence Prince's birth name. There are a number of myths regarding Prince’s ethnicity and gender, some spread by Prince himself. The most pervasive is that he is the child of a black father and white mother, a myth later bolstered by the cult film Purple Rain starring Prince and fellow artists Morris Day of The Time, and Apollonia. In more recent years, it has been noted in numerous publications that Prince’s parents are in fact African-American. His mother had Italian ancestry. After the birth of his sister, Tika Evene in 1960, Prince saw his parents gradually drift apart. Prince’s parents formally separated and he had a troubled relationship with his stepfather causing him to run away from home. He lived briefly with his father, who bought him his first guitar. Later, Prince moved in with a neighborhood family, the Andersons, and became friends with their son, Andre Anderson (later called Andre Cymone). Image File history File links A young Prince composing his first album in 1977 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links A young Prince composing his first album in 1977 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Lakes Motto: En Avant Location Location in Hennepin County and the state of Minnesota. ... June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. ... 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jazz trio gigging in minneapolis, father of prince (artist). ... Purple Rain is a 1984 movie directed by Albert Magnoli and written by Prince and William Blinn. ... Morris Day, born on December 13, 1957 in Minneapolis, Minnesota, is an American musician and composer. ... The Time were a funk and dance-pop ensemble of the early- and mid-80s. ... Born Patricia Kotero, Apollonia Kotero is a swimsuit model from California. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... Andre Cymone (born Andre Anderson) is a bassist, songwriter and record producer. ...


Prince and Anderson joined Prince’s cousin Charles Smith in a band called Grand Central, formed in junior high school. Initially his involvement was just part of a mainly instrumental band that played clubs and parties in the Minneapolis area. As time went by and Prince's musical knowledge broadened he found himself dictating the arrangements to the rest of the band. Before long he had become the band's frontman. By the time Prince had entered high school, Grand Central evolved into Champagne and started playing original music already drawing on a range of influences including Sly Stone, James Brown, Jimmy Page and Jimi Hendrix. Frontman (also front man) is a slang term for the lead singer of a music group. ... Sly Stone on The Ed Sullivan Show performing Everyday People, December 28, 1968. ... James Brown, known variously as: Soul Brother Number One, the Godfather of Soul, Mr. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... James Marshall Jimi Hendrix (November 27, 1942 – September 18, 1970) was an American musician, singer, songwriter, guitarist, and cultural icon. ...


In 1976, he started working on a demo tape with producer Chris Moon in a Minneapolis studio. He also had the patronage of Owen Husney, to whom Moon introduced him, allowing him to produce a quality demo. Husney started contacting major labels and ran a campaign promoting Prince as a star of the future, resulting in a bidding war eventually won by Warner Brothers Records. They were the only label to give Prince creative control of his songs and offered him a contract. See also: 1975 in music, other events of 1976, 1977 in music, 1970s in music and the list of years in music // Events January-February January 7 - Kenneth Moss, a former record company executive, is sentenced to 120 days in the Los Angeles County Jail and four years probation for... Warner Brothers Records is a record label which was launched on March 19, 1958 by Warner Bros. ...


Controversy: 1975–1981

Pepe Willie, husband of Prince's cousin, was an influential presence in Prince’s early career. Willie acted as mentor and manager, along with Husney, for Prince in the Grand Central days, and employed Prince in the studio for his own recordings. In 1977, Willie formed 94 East, a band with Marcy Ingvoldstad and Kristie Lazenberry. Willie enlisted the talents of Prince and Andre Cymone as session musicians for their studio recordings and in 1986 released the re-recorded tracks (except for Prince and Cymone’s parts) from 1975–1977 as Minneapolis Genius. In 1995, the original recordings with Prince and Cymone were released by Willie as 94 East featuring Prince, Symbolic Beginning. See also: 1976 in music, other events of 1977, 1978 in music, 1970s in music and the list of years in music // Events In this year, the St. ... 94 East was a Minneapolis- based funk group formed in 1977 by Pepe Willie, the husband of Princes cousin. ... See also: 1985 in music, other events of 1986, 1987 in music, 1980s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 23 - The first induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (Chuck Berry, James Brown, Ray Charles, Fats Domino, Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Jerry Lee... See also: 1974 in music, other events of 1975, 1976 in music, 1970s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 2 - New York City U.S. District Court Judge Richard Owen rules that former Beatle John Lennon and his lawyers can have access to Department of... See also: 1994 in music, other events of 1995, 1996 in music, 1990s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 18 - Jerry Garcia wrecks his rented BMW into a guard rail near Mill Valley, California. ...


Prince’s first album for Warner Bros, released in 1978, was titled For You. The majority of the album was written and performed by Prince, except for the song Soft and Wet (Music by Prince; Lyrics by Prince and C. Moon). Tommy Vicari was the Executive Producer in For You. Starting with For You, one can read in all of Prince’s albums the now ubiquitous legend: Produced, Arranged, Composed and Performed by Prince. Prince spent twice his initial advance recording the first album, which sold modestly, making the bottom reaches of the Billboard 200, while the single “Soft and Wet” performed well on the R&B charts. In the album For You, Prince used Prince’s Music Co. for publishing his songs. See also: 1977 in music, other events of 1978, 1979 in music, 1970s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 14 - The Sex Pistols played their final show (until a 1996 reunion) at San Franciscos Winterland Ballroom. ... For You is Princes debut album, released in October of 1978, when the artist was 20 years old, and bearing the classic tag, Written, composed, performed, and recorded by Prince. It is generally regarded as a promising but insubstantial early effort, containing somewhat monotonous light urban funk. ... The Billboard 200 is a listing of the 200 highest selling music albums in the United States, published weekly in Billboard magazine. ... Rhythm and blues (or R&B or even Runub) was coined as a musical marketing term in the United States in 1949 by Jerry Wexler at Billboard magazine, and was used to designate upbeat popular music performed by African American artists that combined jazz, gospel, and blues. ...


By 1979, Prince had recruited his first backing band with Cymone on bass, Gayle Chapman and Matt Fink on keyboards, Bobby Z on drums and Dez Dickerson on guitar. Prince intentionally enlisted a multi-racial, mixed-gender group, much like the backing band of one of Prince’s most salient influences, Sly Stone. He recorded his second, self-titled album still mostly on his own, which made the Billboard 200 and contained two R&B hits in “Why You Wanna Treat Me So Bad?” and “I Wanna Be Your Lover.” These two R&B hits were performed [1] on January 26, 1980 on the TV show American Bandstand with his first backing band. For his second album, Prince used Ecnirp Music [2] - BMI for publishing his songs, which he would also use for the album Dirty Mind. See also: 1978 in music, other events of 1979, 1980 in music, 1970s in music and the list of years in music // Events Stevie Wonder uses Compact disc technology in recording his album The Secret Life of Plants Disco reigned supreme in 1979, with several #1 hits from The Bee... Doctor Fink (a. ... Bobby Z Rivkin is a Jewish American musician and producer who was a member of Princes former band, The Revolution. ... Dez Dickerson is a guitarist who was a member of Princes former band, The Revolution. ... Sly Stone on The Ed Sullivan Show performing Everyday People, December 28, 1968. ... Why You Wanna Treat Me So Bad? is the US followup single to Princes first big hit, I Wanna Be Your Lover. It is also Princes first rock and roll inspired single release, though it didnt phase the Top 40 charts. ... I Wanna Be Your Lover is Princes first big hit, getting him frequent R&B airplay and chart success. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Broadcast Music Incorporated (BMI) is a collecting society that protects composers intellectual property in the communications business, especially radio. ...


Prince first attracted attention for the colorful clothes he put on his 5 foot, 2 inch frame. He wore high-heeled shoes and boots, and when questioned by the press he remarked he liked the way he looked in them. In his early years, he liked to dress provocatively. He also was known to strongly flaunt and express his sexuality while on stage and in his music, which had people questioning his sexual orientation early on. This bought him some trouble as an opening act for The Rolling Stones’ two Los Angeles Coliseum shows in 1981, where he was infamously pelted with garbage whilst wearing underwear and a trenchcoat. Prince was actually booed off the stage that night, a clip of which was later used by Prince for his “Pop Life” single in 1985 (if you listen, you can actually hear one member of the audience yell, “Throw the bum out!”) Sexual orientation describes the direction of an individuals sexuality, often in relation to their own sex or gender. ... The Rolling Stones are a British rock band that rose to prominence during the British Invasion of the 1960s. ... For the Walt Disney Company film, see Trenchcoat (movie). ...


In 1980, Prince released Dirty Mind, a solo effort released using the original demos. On stage, Lisa Coleman replaced Chapman in the band, who felt the sexually explicit lyrics and stage antics of Prince’s concerts conflicted with her religious beliefs. Dirty Mind was particularly notable for its sexually explicit material. See also: 1979 in music, other events of 1980, 1981 in music, 1980s in music and the list of years in music // Events January January 1 - Cliff Richard is appointed an MBE by Queen Elizabeth II. The only other pop music acts to be created MBEs are the Beatles and... Dirty Mind is the third album by Prince, released October 1980. ... Wendy and Lisa are a musical duo comprised of musicians Lisa Coleman and Wendy Melvoin that formed in the mid 1980s. ...


Prince supported Rick James in a 1980 tour with the label “punk funk” being applied to both artists, although it didn’t sit comfortably with Prince. He recorded the album Controversy, released in 1981, with the single of the same name making international charts for the first time. In October of 1981, Prince perfomed “Partyup” on Saturday Night Live. Starting with the album Controversy, Prince used Controversy Music [3] - ASCAP for publishing his songs, which he would use for his following sixteen records until Emancipation came out in 1996. Rick James (born James Ambrose Johnson, Jr; February 1, 1948 – August 6, 2004) was an American funk and soul musician, who worked as a singer, keyboardist, bassist, record producer, arranger, and composer during his long career. ... Controversy is Princes 4th album, released in 1981. ... See also: 1980 in music, other events of 1981, 1982 in music, 1980s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 10 - Revival of the Gilbert and Sullivan operetta The Pirates of Penzance opens at Broadways Uris Theatre, starring Linda Ronstadt and Rex Smith February 14... The American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers (ASCAP) is an organization known as a collecting society that protects intellectual property, ensuring that music which is broadcast, commercially recorded, or otherwise used for profit, pays a fee to compensate the creators of that music. ... Emancipation is a 1996 triple-CD album by (formerly known as Prince). ...


Prince also wrote, produced, and in some instances performed on, the debut album for The Time, containing former members of Flyte Tyme, including frontman Morris Day. In the coming decade, Prince would also collaborate with Vanity (of Vanity 6), Apollonia (of Apollonia 6) and Sheila E. He also composed material, using former bandmates as another outlet for his prolific output. He also wrote hits for artists such as Sheena Easton and The Bangles and his songs would be covered in hit versions by artists as diverse as Chaka Khan, Tom Jones with The Art of Noise, and Sinéad O'Connor. O’Connor’s cover of a song Prince initially wrote for The Family, “Nothing Compares 2 U,” was a huge commercial success in 1990. The Time were a funk and dance-pop ensemble of the early- and mid-80s. ... Denise Matthews (Vanity) on the cover of Playboy, April 1988 Vanity is the most popular stage name used by singer/actress/model Denise Katrina Matthews (of African and German descent, was born on January 4, 1959 in Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada). ... Vanity 6 was a female vocal trio assembled by Prince in the early 1980s. ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Sheila Escovedo (born December 12, 1957), better known as Sheila E., is the daughter of percussionist Pete Escovedo, with whom she frequently performs. ... Sheena Easton on the cover of her 2000 CD, Fabulous. ... The Bangles in a 1980s publicity photo; Debbi Peterson, Susanna Hoffs, Vicki Peterson, Michael Steele. ... Album cover of What Cha Gonna Do For Me? Best known for her 1984 cover of Princes I Feel for You, R&B singer Chaka Khan enjoyed solo success as well as popularity as a member of the funk band Rufus. ... Tom Jones Sir Thomas Jones Woodward, Kt, OBE (born 7 June 1940), best known by his stage name, Tom Jones is a Welsh pop singer particularly noted for his powerful voice. ... The Art of Noise was an electronic group formed in 1983 by producer Trevor Horn, music journalist Paul Morley, and session musicians/studio hands Anne Dudley, J.J. Jeczalik, and Gary Langan. ... Sinéad Marie Bernadette OConnor (born December 8, 1966) is an Irish singer and songwriter. ... The Family can refer to: The new religious movement, The Family, formerly called the Children of God that was quite famous in the late 1960s and early 1970s. ... Outspoken and controversial Irish singer Sinead OConnor will always be most remembered for her version of Princes Nothing Compares 2 U. The song was originally recorded in the early 1980s by Minneapolis group The Family. However, it was Sinead who brought the song to worldwide prominence. ...


Purple Reign: 1982–1993

Prince was backed in the 80s by The Revolution, and in the 90s by the New Power Generation. He also worked on different occasions with famous jazz and funk musicians, such as Miles Davis, Larry Graham, George Clinton, and Maceo Parker. Throughout his career, Prince has also recorded with Ani DiFranco, Madonna, Kate Bush, Rosie Gaines, Carmen Electra, Gwen Stefani, Chuck D, Angie Stone, Chaka Khan, and Sheryl Crow. MacGyver - 1980s hero The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive. ... The Revolution was Princes backing band in the late 1970s through the mid-80s. ... The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive. ... The New Power Generation (or NPG for short) is the backing group of Prince. ... Davis 1959 album Kind of Blue, the best-selling jazz album ever. ... Larry Graham on the cover of his 1981 LP Just Be My Lady. ... George Clinton George Clinton (born July 22, 1941) is an American musician, he is widely considered one of the forefathers of funk. ... Maceo Parker (born February 14, 1943) is a noted African American funk and soul jazz saxophone player, best known for his contributions to James Browns distinct sound. ... Ani DiFranco (IPA: ɑ-ni) (born Angela Marie Difranco on September 23, 1970) is a singer, guitarist, and songwriter. ... Madonna Louise Veronica Ciccone (born August 16, 1958) is an American pop singer, dancer, songwriter, producer, actress, and author. ... Kate Bush (born Catherine Bush on 30 July 1958 in Bexleyheath, Kent, now part of Greater London) is a British singer-songwriter with an expressive four-octave voice. ... Multi-instrumentalist, Producer/Song writer Rosie Gaines is the youngest of 10 children. ... Carmen Electra. ... Gwen Renée Stefani[1] (born October 3, 1969) is an American singer, fashion designer, and occasional actress; and is the frontwoman of the ska/rock band No Doubt. ... Cover of Autobiography of Mistachuck Carlton Douglas Chuck D Ridenhour, (born on August 1, 1960) is a rapper, composer, actor, author, radio personality and producer. ... Angie Stone on the cover of her Best-of-album Stone Hits (2005) Angie Stone (born Angela Laverne Brown in 1961 in Columbia, South Carolina) is an American R&B, hip hop, and neo soul musician and actress. ... Album cover of What Cha Gonna Do For Me? Best known for her 1984 cover of Princes I Feel for You, R&B singer Chaka Khan enjoyed solo success as well as popularity as a member of the funk band Rufus. ... Sheryl Suzanne Crow (born February 11, 1962) is an eight-time Grammy winning American blues rock singer, guitarist, bassist and songwriter. ...


In 1982 Prince released the 1999 double-album which proved to be a breakthrough album both in the U.S. and internationally, selling over three million copies. The title track was a protest about nuclear proliferation and become his first top ten hit internationally. With “Little Red Corvette” he joined Michael Jackson and Lionel Richie as part of the first wave of black artists on MTV and “Delirious” also went top ten on the Billboard Hot 100. The album was placed at number six in The Village Voice’s annual Pazz & Jop critics poll. Stevie Nicks related a story in a television interview that she had come up with her 1983 song “Stand Back” after being inspired by the synthesizer part in “Little Red Corvette.” When it was time to record the song, it happened that Prince was in Los Angeles near her recording studio. She called his people and soon afterwards Prince came by the studio, sat down at the synthesizer, and played the song-opening riff. // Events January 15 - K.C. and the Sunshine Bands Harry Wayne Casey is seriously injured in an automobile accident in Miami, Florida. ... 1999 is Princes fifth album, released in October 1982. ... 1999 is one of Princes most well-known songs and a defining point in his rise to superstar status. ... World map with nuclear weapons development status represented by color. ... Little Red Corvette is one of Princes most well-known songs and a defining point in his rise to superstar status. ... For other people with the same name, see Michael Jackson (disambiguation) Michael Joseph Jackson (born August 29, 1958 in Gary, Indiana) is an American musician and entertainer whose successful music career and controversial personal life have been at the forefront of pop culture for the last quarter-century. ... Lionel Sandrasinghi Richie, Jr. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black), is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Delirious is a song by Prince from the 1982 album, 1999. ... The Billboard Hot 100 is the United States music industry standard singles popularity chart issued weekly by Billboard magazine. ... The Village Voice is a weekly newspaper in New York City featuring investigative articles, analysis of current affairs and culture, arts reviews and events listings for New York City. ... The Pazz & Jop critics poll is a highly influential poll of music critics run by The Village Voice newspaper. ... Stephanie Lynn Stevie Nicks (born May 26, 1948 in Phoenix, Arizona) is an American singer and songwriter, best known for her work with Fleetwood Mac and a long solo career. ...

The original theatrical poster for Purple Rain (1984).
The original theatrical poster for Purple Rain (1984).

Purple Rain (in conjunction with the film of the same name) sold over thirteen million copies in the U.S. and spent twenty-four consecutive weeks at the top of the Billboard 200. The film, while dismissed by humorist-critic Joe Queenan as “sexist, juvenile, and moronic,” grossed over $80 million in the United States alone. However, Purple Rain would prove to be Prince’s only cinematic success. Although Prince would later direct and star in Under The Cherry Moon (1986) and Graffiti Bridge (1990), both films were met with public indifference and critical derision. Two songs from Purple Rain, “When Doves Cry” and “Let's Go Crazy” would both top the U.S. singles charts and were hits around the world, while the title track would go to number two on the Billboard Hot 100. Simultaneously, Prince held the spot of number one film, number one single, and number one album in the U.S. Prince won the Academy Award for Best Original Score for Purple Rain, and the album ranks in the top 100 of Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time, released in late 2003. When she overheard her twelve-year-old daughter, Karenna, playing “Darling NikkiTipper Gore founded the Parents Music Resource Center, which has spurred the use of “explicit lyric” stickers and imprints on album covers. Image File history File links Purple Rain 1984 poster File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Purple Rain 1984 poster File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... There are multiple meanings for Purple Rain, all related to Prince: His album Purple Rain The song Purple Rain from the same album The film Purple Rain in which he starred All three were released in 1984. ... Music from the Motion Picture Purple Rain (also called just Purple Rain) was a 1984 album by Prince and The Revolution. ... Purple Rain is a 1984 movie directed by Albert Magnoli and written by Prince and William Blinn. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Graffiti Bridge is a film written, directed and starring Prince. ... When Doves Cry is a 1984 song by Prince, and according to Billboard magazine, it was the top-selling single of the year. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Purple Rain was the third US single (second UK) and title track from Prince and The Revolutions legendary 1984 album Purple Rain. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent film awards in the United States and most watched awards ceremony in the world. ... From Rule Sixteen of the Special Rules for The Music Awards Original Score: An original score is a substantial body of music in the form of dramatic underscoring written specifically for the film by the submitting composer. ... Purple Rain was the third US single (second UK) and title track from Prince and The Revolutions legendary 1984 album Purple Rain. ... // History John Lennon - RS 1 (November 9, 1967)How I Won the War Film Still Founded in San Francisco in 1967 by Jann Wenner (who is still editor and publisher) and music critic Ralph J. Gleason, Rolling Stone was initially identified with and reported on the hippie counterculture of the... // Events January - following an investigation by The International Federation of the Phonographic Industry and London detectives, police raids in England and the Netherlands recover nearly 500 original Beatles studio tapes, recorded during the Let It Be sessions. ... Al Gore with wife, Tipper, along with their children. ... Darling Nikki is a song written and originally released by Prince on his Grammy nominated 1984 album Purple Rain. ... Mary Elizabeth Gore, commonly referred to as Tipper Gore (born August 19, 1948) is the wife of former Vice President Al Gore and was Second Lady of the United States from 1993 until 2001. ... The Parents Music Resource Center (PMRC) was an American committee formed in 1985 by the wives of several congressmen. ...


In 1985, after the U.S. Purple Rain Tour, Prince gave up live performances and making videos on the release of Around the World in a Day, which went to the top of the U.S. album charts for three weeks. Prince’s ban on videos ended as the album stalled in the charts with a video for “Raspberry Beret” which reached number two on the Billboard Hot 100. See also: 1984 in music, other events of 1985, 1986 in music, 1980s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 28 - Various artists, including Ray Charles, Bob Dylan, Michael Jackson, Billy Joel, Cyndi Lauper, Willie Nelson, Lionel Richie, Smokey Robinson, Kenny Rogers, Diana Ross, Paul Simon... Around The World In A Day was Princes 1985 follow-up to Purple Rain. ... Raspberry Beret is the first US (and second UK) single off of Prince and The Revolutions 1985 album, Around The World In A Day. ...


In 1986, Prince released the album Parade as a soundtrack to the film Under The Cherry Moon. The album went to number three on the Billboard 200 album chart and number two on the R&B album charts. The first single, “Kiss,” would top the Billboard Hot 100. At the same time, “Manic Monday” by The Bangles reached number two on the Hot 100, which Prince had written under the pseudonym “Christopher.” Following the film and album, Prince returned to touring with a stripped-down show. Parade: Music from the Motion Picture Under the Cherry Moon was Princes 1986 follow-up to Around the World in a Day and the soundtrack to his second film. ... Kiss is a 1986 song by Prince and the Revolution, from the album Parade. ... Manic Monday (1986) was the first hit single by pop group The Bangles. ... A pseudonym (Greek: false name) is a fictitious name used by an individual as an alternative to his or her legal name. ...

1987's acclaimed Sign “☮” the Times
1987's acclaimed Sign “☮” the Times

Some of Prince’s music mixes spirituality and sensuality. “I Would Die 4 U,” refers to Jesus. “The Cross,” from Sign “☮” the Times, is a stronger reference to Prince’s Christian beliefs. Sign “☮” the Times, released in 1987 as a double album, reached the top 10 of the Billboard 200 and achieved perhaps the greatest critical acclaim of his career, topping the annual Pazz & Jop critics poll, and reaching the top 100 of Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time list. Download high resolution version (704x698, 114 KB)Cover of the Prince album Sign O The Times. ... Download high resolution version (704x698, 114 KB)Cover of the Prince album Sign O The Times. ... Technical note: Due to technical limitations, some web browsers may not display some special characters in this article. ... In Hinduism, spiritual goals and personal experience (self-realization) through yoga and meditation are seen as the ultimate way to attain God (Moksha) and are inseparable from the religion. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... I Would Die 4 U was the third single off Prince and the Revolutions legendary 1984 album Purple Rain. ... Jesus (8-2 BC/BCE — 29-36 AD/CE),[1] also known as Jesus of Nazareth, is the central figure of Christianity. ... Technical note: Due to technical limitations, some web browsers may not display some special characters in this article. ... A Christian is a follower of Jesus Christ, believing him to be the Son of God and the savior of human souls from sin and death. ... See also: 1986 in music, other events of 1987, 1988 in music, 1980s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 3 - Aretha Franklin becomes the first woman inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. ... The Pazz & Jop critics poll is a highly influential poll of music critics run by The Village Voice newspaper. ... // History John Lennon - RS 1 (November 9, 1967)How I Won the War Film Still Founded in San Francisco in 1967 by Jann Wenner (who is still editor and publisher) and music critic Ralph J. Gleason, Rolling Stone was initially identified with and reported on the hippie counterculture of the...


Following the album, Prince launched the Sign “☮” the Times Tour in Europe. At the end of the last tour Prince disbanded his long-time performance band, known since the release of the movie and album Purple Rain as The Revolution, and parted ways with Wendy Melvoin, Lisa Coleman, Bobby "Z" Rivkin, and Mark Brown (Brown Mark). His follow-up live performance band retained Matt Fink on keyboards, and added Boni Boyer on keyboards, Sheila E on drums, Levi Seacer, Jr. on bass, and Miko Weaver on guitar. In 1987, a live concert film was shot of the Sign “☮” the Times Tour in Rotterdam and Antwerp. Portions were re-recorded and the performances mimed in the soundstage of his newly-opened Paisley Park Studios complex in Chanhassen, Minnesota. Housing three complete recording studios, and a complete soundstage for performances and video production, the studios have been Prince's playground since their opening. Situated near his home in Minnesota, Paisley Park has allowed Prince to record at the drop of a hat. World map showing Europe Political map Europe is one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiographic one, leading to various perspectives about Europes borders. ... Wendy and Lisa are a musical duo comprised of musicians Lisa Coleman and Wendy Melvoin that formed in the mid 1980s. ... Wendy and Lisa are a musical duo comprised of musicians Lisa Coleman and Wendy Melvoin that formed in the mid 1980s. ... Bobby Z Rivkin is a Jewish American musician and producer who was a member of Princes former band, The Revolution. ... Brown Mark (also spelled Brownmark; nee: Mark Brown) is the former bassist of the Revolution, music artist Princes original touring (and later also his recording) band. ... Doctor Fink (a. ... Sheila Escovedo (born December 12, 1957), better known as Sheila E., is the daughter of percussionist Pete Escovedo, with whom she frequently performs. ... Levi Seacer, Jr. ... Rotterdam Location Flag Country The Netherlands Province South Holland Population 604,819 (2005) Coordinates 51° 55 N.; 4° 30 E. Website www. ... The Cathedral of our Lady (Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekathedraal, Antwerp) in the Handschoenmarkt, in the old quarter of Antwerp is the largest cathedral in the Low Countries and home to a number of triptychs by Belgian Baroque painter Rubens. ... The Christmas Pantomime colour lithograph bookcover, 1890 Pantomime Pablo Zibes In Great Britain, Australia, Ireland, and New Zealand pantomime (informally, panto) refers to a theatrical genre, usually performed around the Christmas and New Year holiday season. ... A sound stage is a hangar-like structure, building or room, that is soundproof for the production of theatrical motion pictures and television, usually inside a movie studio. ... Chanhassen is a city located in the U.S. state of Minnesota. ...


1987 saw the potential for two of pop’s biggest stars coming together to perform a duet. Michael Jackson talked with Prince about performing a duet together for the title track of his new album Bad. Prince liked the idea, seeing as Jackson was his main rival in pop stardom, so he agreed to it. However, Jackson and Prince ended up having creative differences in the lyrics and beats for the song. Finally, Prince left the project when he thought Jackson wasn’t making the song dark enough. Jackson ended up cutting the title track for the album on his own, and it went to number one on the charts. [citation needed] For other people with the same name, see Michael Jackson (disambiguation) Michael Joseph Jackson (born August 29, 1958 in Gary, Indiana) is an American musician and entertainer whose successful music career and controversial personal life have been at the forefront of pop culture for the last quarter-century. ... Bad is an album of recorded music by pop music icon Michael Jackson, released in 1987. ...


Also In 1987, Prince recorded The Black Album, a funk-oriented album whose erotically-charged lyrics were considered so blatant that it was not officially released. The album circulated through the bootleg underground music world until it was finally given an official release in 1994. The 1988 album Lovesexy was Prince’s spiritual answer to the dark message of The Black Album. Lovesexy was a disappointment in its chart performance, only reaching number eleven on the Billboard 200. The Lovesexy Tour in the U.S. also proved to be commercial disappointment. Prince lost money as dates failed to sell out. Prince recouped his losses with the European and Japanese legs of the tour. The Black Album is a Prince record that was originally planned for November of 1987 as the follow-up to Sign O the Times. ... A bootleg recording is a audio or video recording of a performance that was not officially released by the artist or under other legal authority. ... The term underground music has been applied to several artistic movements, notably to the early psychedelic movement of the mid 60s centred in Los Angeles. ... See also: 1993 in music, other events of 1994, 1995 in music, 1990s in music and the list of years in music. // Events January 29 - The Supremes Mary Wilson is injured when her jeep hits a freeway median and flips over just outside of Los Angeles, California. ... See also: 1987 in music, other events of 1988, 1989 in music, 1980s in music and the list of years in music // Events Peter Ruzicka becomes director of the Hamburg State Opera and State Philharmonic Orchestra. ... This 1988 album is widely considered to be one of the best works of Prince. ...


In 1989, Prince would record the soundtrack for Batman, which would return him to the top of the U.S. album charts, with the single and worldwide hit “Batdance” reaching the top of the Billboard Hot 100. Prince next released the film sequel to Purple Rain, titled Graffiti Bridge, which performed poorly at the box office. The soundtrack featured Prince and other artists such as Tevin Campbell, Mavis Staples of the Staple Singers, and Morris Day and The Time. It would reach a chart peak of number six in the U.S. and number one in the UK. See also: 1988 in music, other events of 1989, 1990 in music, 1980s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 7 - Genesis 88 and Sunrise/Back to the Future stage large-scale illegal Acid House party in London January 14 - Paul McCartney releases Back in the... Batman was released in U.S. theaters on June 23, 1989 by Warner Bros. ... Batdance is a 1989 song by Prince, from the Batman soundtrack. ... Tevin Campbell Tevin Jermod Campbell (born November 12, 1976 in Dallas, Texas) is an American R&B singer. ... Mavis Staples (born Jan 1, 1940) is an American rhythm and blues singer. ... The Staple Singers were a United States gospel, soul, and R&B singing group. ...


The Diamonds and Pearls album in 1991 gave Prince album charts success with the song “Cream” giving him his fifth U.S. number one single. Diamonds and Pearls also marked the debut of the New Power Generation featuring rapper Tony M, Rosie Gaines on vocals, Michael Bland on drums, Levi Seacer and Kirk Johnson on guitar, Sonny T on bass, and Tommy Barbarella on keyboards. Diamonds and Pearls was Princes eleventh album, which was released in 1991. ... See also: 1990 in music, other events of 1991, 1992 in music, 1990s in music and the list of years in music // Events 1991 was the year that grunge music made its popular breakthrough. ... Cream is a song by Prince and the New Power Generation from the 1991 album Diamonds and Pearls. ... The New Power Generation (or NPG for short) is the backing group of Prince. ... Multi-instrumentalist, Producer/Song writer Rosie Gaines is the youngest of 10 children. ... Michael Bland (born March 14, 1969 in Minneapolis, Minnesota) is best known as a drummer for Prince starting in 1989. ... Levi Seacer, Jr. ... Kirk Johnson (born June 29, 1972) is a professional Heavyweight boxer from North Preston, Nova Scotia, Canada. ... Sonny Thompson (Sonny T) is a former bass player for the New Power Generation, Princes recording and stage band. ...


Having mysteriously thanked Kate Bush in the credits of his Diamonds And Pearls album, Prince worked on Bush’s 1993 album, The Red Shoes. Collaborating chiefly on the song “Why Should I Love You,” Prince added bass, guitar, keyboards, his vocals and other arrangements to the mix. This would be the final “Prince” credit, until 2000. Kate Bush reciprocated in 1996 and is featured on background vocals on the Emancipation track, “My Computer.” Kate Bush (born Catherine Bush on 30 July 1958 in Bexleyheath, Kent, now part of Greater London) is a British singer-songwriter with an expressive four-octave voice. ... The Red Shoes is Kate Bushs 7th studio album. ... Emancipation is a 1996 triple-CD album by (formerly known as Prince). ...


Prince’s twelfth album was titled “ Image:Princesymbol.png,” dubbed by critics as The Love Symbol Album. It reached the top ten of the U.S. album charts. In 1993, he would change his name to Image:Princesymbol.png (often represented in ASCII text as O(+>. The symbol is said to be a melding of the symbols for male and female. Due to Image:Princesymbol.png being unpronounceable, he was often referred to as “The artist formerly known as Prince,” “TAFKAP,” or simply “The Artist.” In 1993, at the request of Warner Bros., Image:Princesymbol.png released a 3-CD greatest hits compilation entitled The Hits/The B-Sides. The first two discs were also sold separately as The Hits 1 and The Hits 2. In addition to featuring the majority of Image:Princesymbol.png's hit singles (with the exception of “Batdance,” which was strangely omitted), The Hits includes an array of previously hard-to-find recordings, notably B-sides spanning the majority of Prince’s career, as well as a handful of previously unreleased tracks, such as the Revolution-recorded “Power Fantastic.” A new song, “Peach,” was chosen as a promotional single to accompany the album. Unfortunately, neither the album nor single performed as well on the charts as Image:Princesymbol.png and Warner Bros. would have hoped. To this day, however, The Hits remains the closest thing to a definitive overview of Image:Princesymbol.png's musical output from 1978 to 1993. Image File history File links Prince changed his name to this symbol in 1993 following a contractual dispute with his record company. ... was Princes 14th album (and second with the New Power Generation) released in 1992. ... See also: 1992 in music, other events of 1993, 1994 in music, 1990s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 8 - The U.S. Postal service issues an Elvis Presley stamp. ... Image File history File links Prince changed his name to this symbol in 1993 following a contractual dispute with his record company. ... For other uses, see ASCII (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Prince changed his name to this symbol in 1993 following a contractual dispute with his record company. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Image File history File links Prince changed his name to this symbol in 1993 following a contractual dispute with his record company. ... Greatest Hits is a common name for a compilation album of an artists most popular songs. ... The Hits/The B-Sides is a 1993 (and the first) greatest hits compilation album by Prince. ... The Hits 1 is a greatest-hits compilation by Prince. ... The Hits 2 is a greatest hits compilation by Prince. ... Image File history File links Prince changed his name to this symbol in 1993 following a contractual dispute with his record company. ... In recorded music, the terms A-side and B-side refer to the two sides of 7 inch vinyl records on which singles have been released since the 1950s. ... Peach is a song by Prince from his 1993 compilations The Hits 2 and The Hits/The B-Sides. ... Image File history File links Prince changed his name to this symbol in 1993 following a contractual dispute with his record company. ... Image File history File links Prince changed his name to this symbol in 1993 following a contractual dispute with his record company. ...


Behind the name change

In 1994, during negotiations regarding the release of Image:Princesymbol.png's album The Gold Experience, a battle between Warner Bros. and Image:Princesymbol.png ensued, struggling over the artistic and financial control of Image:Princesymbol.png’s output. During that time, Image:Princesymbol.png appeared in public only with the word “SLAVE” written on his cheek. Image:Princesymbol.png explained his name change as follows: Image File history File links Prince changed his name to this symbol in 1993 following a contractual dispute with his record company. ... The Gold Experience is a (formerly known as Prince) album released in 1995. ... Image File history File links Prince changed his name to this symbol in 1993 following a contractual dispute with his record company. ... Image File history File links Prince changed his name to this symbol in 1993 following a contractual dispute with his record company. ... Image File history File links Prince changed his name to this symbol in 1993 following a contractual dispute with his record company. ... Image File history File links Prince changed his name to this symbol in 1993 following a contractual dispute with his record company. ...

The first step I have taken towards the ultimate goal of emancipation from the chains that bind me to Warner Brothers was to change my name from Prince to Image:Princesymbol.png. Prince is the name that my Mother gave me at birth. Warner Bros. took the name, trademarked it, and used it as the main marketing tool to promote all of the music that I wrote. The company owns the name Prince and all related music marketed under Prince. I became merely a pawn used to produce more money for Warner Bros….
I was born Prince and did not want to adopt another conventional name. The only acceptable replacement for my name, and my identity, was Image:Princesymbol.png, a symbol with no pronunciation, that is a representation of me and what my music is about. This symbol is present in my work over the years; it is a concept that has evolved from my frustration; it is who I am. It is my name.

Image:Princesymbol.png’s strategy behind the name change seems to have been to reinvent himself, going back to a smaller audience to redevelop his style. One commentator noted:[4] Image File history File links Prince changed his name to this symbol in 1993 following a contractual dispute with his record company. ... Image File history File links Prince changed his name to this symbol in 1993 following a contractual dispute with his record company. ... Image File history File links Prince changed his name to this symbol in 1993 following a contractual dispute with his record company. ...

Prince started his career as a big R&B star with limited mainstream success. At that point, he left the middle of the road and headed for the ditch. In 1980, it was risky to record new wave songs with lusty lyrics that assured no radio airplay (the classic Dirty Mind), but it paid off. Critics took notice and he became an underground favorite. This paved the way for his huge success with 1999 and Purple Rain. Certainly that was the pinnacle of his career, as far as worldwide earnings and universal adulation are concerned. But by heading for the ditch again, by changing his name and experimenting with his style, by lowering his stock value and escaping his record contract, Image:Princesymbol.png has become an underground artist again. In late 1996, the first collection of Image:Princesymbol.png music since his break with Warner Bros. appeared in record stores, a sprawling three-hour extravaganza integrating great dance grooves and slow-burning ballads. Critical response has been overwhelmingly positive, and sales have been brisk despite the high price of a 3-CD set. It's no coincidence that he titled this album “Emancipation.”

Image File history File links Prince changed his name to this symbol in 1993 following a contractual dispute with his record company. ... Image File history File links Prince changed his name to this symbol in 1993 following a contractual dispute with his record company. ...

Chaos and Disorder: 1994–2003

Prince's look, circa 1995.
Prince's look, circa 1995.

In 1994 Prince’s attitude towards his artistic output underwent a notable shift. He began to view releasing albums in quick succession as a means of ejecting himself from his contractual obligations to Warner Bros. The label, he believed, was intent on limiting his artistic freedom by insisting he release albums on a more sporadic basis. He also blamed it for the poor commercial performance of his latest work (namely The Love Symbol Album), feeling it had failed to market the album effectively. Out of this state of affairs a proposal came about to subject the aborted Black Album to an official release, approximately seven years after its initial creation. This new release, which was already in wide circulation as bootlegs, also sold relatively poorly. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (456x640, 98 KB)O(+, circa 1995 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (456x640, 98 KB)O(+, circa 1995 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal. // Events January Bill Clinton January 1 : North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) goes into effect. ... The Black Album is a Prince record that was originally planned for November of 1987 as the follow-up to Sign O the Times. ... Look up bootleg in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Following that disappointing venture, Warner Bros. succumbed to Prince’s wishes to release an album of new material, to be entitled Come. The label had refused to grant the album a release in the past, believing the music on it to be dreadfully mediocre and lacking a potential hit single. When Come was eventually released, it confirmed all of Warner’s worst fears. It became Prince’s poorest-selling album to date, struggling to even shift 500,000 copies. Even more frustrating was the fact that Prince insisted on crediting the album to “Prince 1958–1993.” Come was an album Prince was obligated to make after he changed his name to O(+>. It is an interesting look inside of Princes mind and one of his most sensual and dark albums. ...


Prince pushed to have his next album The Gold Experience released simultaneously as “ Image:Princesymbol.png” material. As a test case, Warner Bros. allowed the single “The Most Beautiful Girl In The World” to be released via a small, independent distributor, Bellmark. The release was successful, reaching number three on the Billboard Hot 100 and number one in the UK, but this was not to be a forerunner of what was to come. Warner Bros. still resisted releasing The Gold Experience, fearing poor sales and citing “market saturation” as a defense. When eventually released, The Gold Experience failed to sell well, despite reaching the top 10 of the Billboard 200 initially. The Gold Experience is a (formerly known as Prince) album released in 1995. ... Image File history File links Prince changed his name to this symbol in 1993 following a contractual dispute with his record company. ... The Most Beautiful Girl in the World is a song by Prince (formerly known as ) from his 1995 album The Gold Experience. ... In economics, market saturation is a term used to describe a situation in which a product has become diffused (distributed) within a market; the actual level of saturation can depend on consumer purchasing power; as well as competition, prices, and technology. ...


The Chaos And Disorder album of 1996 was his final album of new material for Warner Bros., and was one of his least successful. Prince attempted a major comeback later that year, when, free of any further contractual obligations to Warner Bros., he released Emancipation. The album was released via his own NPG Records with distribution through EMI. To publish his songs, in Emancipation, Prince for the first time did not use Controversy Music - ASCAP, which he had used in all his records since 1981, rather he used Emancipated Music Inc.[5] - ASCAP. While certified Platinum by the RIAA, some critics felt that the sprawling 36-song, 3-CD set (each disk was exactly 60 minutes long) lacked focus. Emancipation would be Prince’s first album in which he would include covers of songs of other artists; for example, CD number three includes Joan Osborne’s top 10 hit song of 1995 “One of Us” [6]. Other covers on the album include “Betcha By Golly Wow!” (written by Thomas Randolf Bell and Linda Creed) [7], “I Can't Make U Love Me” (written by James Allen Shamblin II and Michael Barry Reid) [8] and “La, La, La (Means I Love U)” (written by Thomas Randolf Bell and William Hart) [9]. Chaos and Disorder is a 1996 album by (formerly known as Prince). ... See also: 1995 in music, other events of 1996, 1997 in music, 1990s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 8 - Madonnas stalker, Robert Hoskins is found guilty and convicted on 5 charges of assault, stalking, and threatening to kill her. ... Emancipation is a 1996 triple-CD album by (formerly known as Prince). ... NPG Records is the record label formed by Prince in 1993 to release his music after Paisley Park Records was shut down by Warner Brothers Records. ... The EMI Group is a major record label, based in Kensington in London, in the United Kingdom. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with RIAA certification. ... The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) is a special interest group representing the U.S. recording industry, and the body responsible for certifying gold and platinum albums and singles in the USA. For more information about sales data see list of best selling albums and list of best selling... Joan Elizabeth Osborne (born July 8, 1962) is an American singer-songwriter, known chiefly for her song One of Us. Originally from Anchorage, Kentucky (now part of Louisville), she moved to New York City in the late 1980s, where Osborne formed her own record label, Womanly Hips, to release... One of Us is a song written by Eric Bazilian (of The Hooters) and performed by Joan Osborne. ...


Prince married Mayte Garcia, a backup singer and dancer, on Valentine's Day, 1996. Emancipation was largely dedicated to their union and their then-unborn child. The child, rumored to have been named Gregory, was born with Pfeiffer syndrome, a rare skull disease and died shortly after birth. This tragic event may have contributed to marital troubles, leading to an eventual annulment of their marriage in 1998. Mayte Jannell Garcia (born 1973) appeared on the American television program Thats Incredible! at the age of 8 as the worlds youngest professional belly dancer. ... Valentines Day postcard, c. ... Pfeiffer syndrome is a genetic disorder characterized by the premature fusion of certain bones of the skull (craniosynostosis), which prevents further growth of the skull and affects the shape of the head and face. ...


Prince released Crystal Ball, a 4-CD collection of unreleased material, in 1998. The distribution of this album was shambolic, with some fans pre-ordering the album on his website up to a year before it was eventually shipped to them, and months after the record had gone on sale in retail stores. The Newpower Soul album released three months later failed to make much of an impression on the charts. Crystal Ball is a compilation album by (formerly known as Prince), released in 1998. ... See also: 1997 in music, other events of 1998, 1999 in music, 1990s in music and the list of years in music // Events February 15 - Sir Edward Elgars unfinished third symphony, completed by Anthony Payne is performed for the first time at the Royal Festival Hall. ... Newpower Soul is the 1998 album by (formerly known as Prince) and the New Power Generation. ...


In 1999, Prince once again teamed up with a major record label, this time Arista Records, for a new album, Rave Un2 The Joy Fantastic. However, it also failed to make much of a commercial impression. A few months earlier, Warner Bros. had also released The Vault: Old Friends 4 Sale, a collection of unreleased material recorded by Prince throughout his career, and his final recording commitment on his contract with Warner Bros. The greatest success he had during the year was with the single “1999: The New Master,” released in time for Prince to collect a small portion of the sales dollars Warner Bros. had been seeing for the album and singles of the original 1999. Both critics and fans panned “The New Master”, declaring it unimaginative. See also: 1998 in music, 1999 in British music, other events of 1999, 2000 in music, 1990s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 7 After eight years of marriage, Rod Stewart and supermodel wife Rachel Hunter announce their separation. ... Arista Records is an American record label that is a wholly owned subsidiary of Sony BMG, and operates under the RCA Records Group // History The company was founded as the successor label to Bell Records in 1974 by Clive Davis, and named after his secondary school honor society. ... Rave Un2 The Joy Fantastic is a 1999 album by (formerly known as Prince). ... 1999 is one of Princes most well-known songs and a defining point in his rise to superstar status. ...

On New Year’s Eve of 2001, Prince married his former Paisley Park employee Manuela Testolini and became one of Jehovah's Witnesses. Image File history File links Prince One Nite Alone. ... Image File history File links Prince One Nite Alone. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... One Nite Alone. ... Manuela Testolini (Born September 19, 1976 in Toronto, Canada) is married to famous recording artist Prince. ...


In May 2000, he ceased using the name “ Image:Princesymbol.png” and started to use the name “Prince” again after his publishing contract with Warner Chappell expired. In a press conference stating that he was now free from undesirable relationships associated with the name “Prince,” he formally reverted to his original name and opened the door to endless “The Artist Formerly Known As The Artist Formerly Known As Prince” digs. However, Prince still uses the symbol as a logo occasionally, and continues to play a Image:Princesymbol.png-shaped guitar. // Events John Tavener is knighted in the New Years Honours List. ... Image File history File links Prince changed his name to this symbol in 1993 following a contractual dispute with his record company. ... Image File history File links Prince changed his name to this symbol in 1993 following a contractual dispute with his record company. ...


For the next three years, Prince primarily released new music through his Internet subscription services, first NPGOnlineLtd.com, and now NPGMusicClub.com. However, two albums which showcased the substantial influence of jazz music on Prince did surface for the general public: The Rainbow Children in 2001, and the all-instrumental N.E.W.S in 2003. The latter received a Grammy nomination for Best Pop Instrumental Album. In 2002, he released his first-ever live album, One Nite Alone... Live!, which features recordings of performances from the One Nite Alone tour. The costly 3-CD box set, which also includes a disc of "aftershow" music called It Ain't Over!, failed to make an impact on the charts. During this time Prince sought to engage more effectively with his fan base via the NPG Music Club, pre-concert sound checks, and at yearly “celebrations” at Paisley Park. Fans were invited into Prince’s studios for tours, interviews, discussions and music-listening sessions. Some of these fan discussions were filmed for an unreleased documentary, directed by Kevin Smith. Smith discusses what happened during those days at length in his An Evening with Kevin Smith DVD -- more information here [10] and here [11]. Performances were also arranged to showcase Prince himself, as well as related artists and guests (including Alicia Keys, The Time, Erykah Badu, Nikka Costa, George Clinton, Norah Jones and others). Some factual claims in this article or section need to be verified. ... See also: 2000 in music, 2001 in music (UK), other events of 2001, 2002 in music, 2000s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 1 - Comeback of Guns N Roses in House of Blues January 1 - Hum disbands. ... N.E.W.S is a 2003 instrumental album by Prince (artist) containg 4 tracks: North, East, West and South. Categories: Album stubs | 2003 albums | Prince albums ... // Events January - following an investigation by The International Federation of the Phonographic Industry and London detectives, police raids in England and the Netherlands recover nearly 500 original Beatles studio tapes, recorded during the Let It Be sessions. ... Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... One Nite Alone. ... Kevin Smith as Silent Bob in Clerks Kevin Patrick Smith (born August 2, 1970) is an American screenwriter, film director, and the founder of View Askew Productions. ... An Evening with Kevin Smith is a Question and Answer session that writer and filmmaker Kevin Smith holds with his fans at various American colleges, including: Clark University, Cornell University, Indiana University, Kent State University and University of Wyoming. ... Alicia Keys (born January 25, 1980) is an American R&B/soul singer, songwriter, composer, record producer, pianist, and actress. ... Erykah Badu Erykah Badu (born Erica Abi Wright on February 26, 1971 in Dallas, Texas) is one of the best US-American neo-soul, R&B/hip hop artist whose work crosses over into jazz. ... Nikka Costa (born Domenica Costa, June 4, 1972), is an American singer whose music combines elements of funk, soul, and blues, among other genres. ... George Clinton George Clinton (born July 22, 1941) is an American musician, he is widely considered one of the forefathers of funk. ... This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ...


The Return of Prince: 2004–present

On February 8, 2004, Prince made a significant leap out of obscurity by appearing at the Grammy awards with Beyoncé Knowles. The duo were allegedly selected as a last-minute replacement for Janet Jackson, whose controversial incident at Super Bowl XXXVIII the week before had made her an undesirable choice to appear at the awards ceremony. In a performance that opened the show, Prince and Beyoncé ripped through a medley of classic Purple Rain songs, namely the title track, “Let's Go Crazy” and “Baby I'm a Star.” The performance also featured a rendition of Beyoncé's “Crazy in Love.” February 8 is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music... Beyoncé Giselle Knowles (born September 4, 1981) is a popular American R&B singer, songwriter, record producer, actress, and fashion designer. ... Janet Damita Jo Jackson (born May 16, 1966) is an American singer-songwriter, producer, dancer, actress, and the youngest child of the legendary Jackson family. ... The wardrobe malfunction. Super Bowl XXXVIII (which happened on February 1, 2004) was noted for a controversial halftime show produced by MTV and which aired live on the CBS television network. ... Crazy in Love is a pop–R&B song written by singer Beyoncé Knowles, producer Rich Harrison, rapper Jay-Z, and Eugene Record. ...


The following month Prince was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. The award was presented to him by Alicia Keys, along with Big Boi and André 3000 of OutKast. As well as performing a trio of his own hits during the ceremony, Prince also participated in a tribute to fellow inductee George Harrison in a rendition of the deceased artist’s “While My Guitar Gently Weeps.” The performance was mostly led by Tom Petty, but also featured Jeff Lynne and Harrison’s son, Dhani. The tribute shed notable light on Prince, who concluded the performance with a lengthy guitar solo (video). The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at sunset. ... Alicia Keys (born January 25, 1980) is an American R&B/soul singer, songwriter, composer, record producer, pianist, and actress. ... Big Boi Big Boi (born Antwan André Patton on February 1, 1975 in Savannah, Georgia) is an African American hip hop artist and producer; one half of the successful and avant-garde hip-hop duo OutKast. ... André 3000 André 3000 (born André Benjamin on May 27, 1975 in Atlanta, Georgia) is a rapper, hip hop producer and actor. ... OutKast is an American hip hop duo based out of Atlanta, Georgia. ... George Harrison, MBE (February 24, 1943 – November 29, 2001) was a popular British guitarist, singer, songwriter, record producer, and film producer, best known as a member of The Beatles. ... While My Guitar Gently Weeps is a rock song by The Beatles from the double album The Beatles (also known as The White Album). ... Tom Petty on the cover of Damn the Torpedoes. ... Jeff Lynne (born December 30, 1947) in Birmingham, UK, is a British singer-songwriter and record producer. ... Dhani Harrison (born August 1, 1978) is the son of Beatle George Harrison and his second wife Olivia Trinidad Arias. ...


In April 2004, Prince released Musicology through a unique one-album agreement with Columbia Records. This deal, which meant that Columbia was obliged to distribute and promote the album, was constructed in such a way that ensured Prince himself still garnered the majority of the royalties (as he had been accustomed to through his own independent music service). The album, which rose to the top 5 in the album charts of several countries (including the United States, United Kingdom, Germany and Australia), featured some of the artist’s most economical and commercially appealing music in years. That same year, Pollstar named Prince the top concert draw among musicians in America. Grossing an estimated $87.4 million, Prince’s Musicology tour was the most profitable tour in the industry during 2004. The artist played an impressive run of 96 concerts, the average ticket price for each being $61. [12] Further highlighting the success of the album, Prince’s Musicology went on to receive two Grammy wins, for Best Male R&B Vocal Performance for “Call My Name” and Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance for the title track. It was also nominated for Best R&B Song, Best R&B Album, and Best Male Pop Vocal Performance for “Cinnamon Girl.” [13] The album became the artist’s most commercially lucrative since Diamonds and Pearls, partly due to a radical scheme devised on his part which enabled copies of the album presented to those who purchased tickets on the Musicology tour to be included in the album’s overall sales as compiled by Billboard. Musicology is an album by Prince, released on April 20, 2004, which proved to be his most successful in years, reaching the top 5 of the album charts in the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, and many other countries. ... Columbia Records is the oldest continually used brand name in recorded sound, dating back to 1888. ... Pollstar is the worlds largest resource for international concert tour information. ... Musicology is an album by Prince, released on April 20, 2004, which proved to be his most successful in years, reaching the top 5 of the album charts in the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, and many other countries. ... Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music... The Grammy Award for Best Male R&B Vocal Performance has been awarded since 1968. ... The Grammy Award for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance has been awarded since 1966. ... Cinnamon Girl has been used as the title of a song by several musicians: Cinnamon Girl (Neil Young song) Cinnamon Girl (Prince song) This is a disambiguation page — a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Diamonds and Pearls was Princes eleventh album, which was released in 1991. ... Billboard is a weekly American magazine devoted to the music industry. ...


In December 2004, Prince was chosen by Rolling Stone magazine's readers as the best male performer and most welcome comeback. During that same month, Prince was named number five on the Top Pop Artists of the Past 25 Years chart. [14]


In February 2005, Rolling Stone magazine published the list of top money makers of 2004; Prince was on top with estimated net earnings of $56.5 million [15] 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In March 2005, Prince won an NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Album (Musicology) and a Vanguard Award. [16] The NAACP Image Award is an award presented annually by the NAACP to honor the top African-Americans in film, television, music and literature. ...


In April 2005, Prince played guitar (along with En Vogue singing backing vocals) on Stevie Wonder’s first new single in six years, “So What The Fuss.” The single debuted at number thirteen on the Billboard Adult R&B chart.[17] Despite rumours of an appearance or duet with Stevie Wonder at Live 8 in Philadelphia, Prince did not perform at the concert. En Vogue is a Grammy-nominated African American all-female R&B, club/dance, and soul vocal quartet assembled by the hit music producers Denzil Foster and Thomas McElroy, formerly of the disco group Club Nouveau. ... Stevie Wonder is the stage name of Stevland Morris (born May 13, 1950 as Stevland Judkins[1]), an American singer, songwriter, producer, musician, and social activist. ... Official Live 8 DVD. Released 7th/8th November 2005 Live 8 was a series of benefit concerts that took place in July 2005, in the G8 nations and South Africa. ... Philadelphia is a village located in Jefferson County, New York. ...


In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, which devastated the city of New Orleans on August 29, 2005, Prince offered a personal response by recording two new songs, “S.S.T.” and the instrumental “Brand New Orleans,” at Paisley Park in the early hours of September 2. The artist, in a typical moment of inspiration, played all instrumental and vocal parts without collaboration. These recordings were quickly dispersed to the public via Prince’s NPG Music Club, and “S.S.T.” was later picked up by iTunes, where it reached number one on the R&B chart. On October 25, Sony Records released a version of the single on CD. Lowest pressure 902 mbar (hPa) Damages $75 billion (2005 USD) (costliest Atlantic hurricane in history) Fatalities ≥1,836 total Areas affected Bahamas, South Florida, Cuba, Louisiana (especially Greater New Orleans), Mississippi, Alabama, Florida Panhandle, most of eastern North America Part of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season Hurricane Katrina was the... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... August 29 is the 241st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (242nd in leap years), with 124 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... S.S.T is a song by Prince which was recorded and released directly after the impact of Hurricane Katrina. ... Paisley Park Records was Princes record label, associated with and funded by Warner Bros. ... iTunes is a proprietary digital media player application, launched by Apple Computer on January 9, 2001, for playing and organizing digital music and video files. ... October 25 is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 67 days remaining. ... Sony Records is a record label courtesy of Columbia; Epic; and American Recordings. ...

Prince’s album cover for 3121.
Enlarge
Prince’s album cover for 3121.

On December 9, 2005, it was reported that Prince had determined an agreement with Universal Records to release his next album, 3121. This deal is believed to be similar to that which the artist struck with Columbia Records for Musicology. The debut single put forward from the album was the Latin-tinged “Te Amo Corazon,” the video for which debuted on VH1 on December 13, and was directed by actress Salma Hayek. The piece was filmed in Marrakesh, and showed Prince accompanied on-screen by Mía Maestro. She was also present at a brief press conference which Prince made in promotion of the new single and video. The video for “Black Sweat,” the second single from 3121, premiered on February 2, 2006, demonstating a rather more minimalistic approach both in the sound of the song and the style of the video. Prince is also believed to have a concert tour in the works to promote the new album. Image File history File links Prince_-_3121. ... Image File history File links Prince_-_3121. ... December 9 is the 343rd day (344th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Universal Records was founded in 1996, when Universal Music was created following the purchase of MCA Records by Seagram in 1996. ... 3121 (pronounced thirty one, twenty one) is the title of Princes latest album. ... Columbia Records is the oldest continually used brand name in recorded sound, dating back to 1888. ... Te Amo Corazón is a song by Prince, released as the first single from his upcoming album 3121. ... VH1 (spelled VH-1 (Video Hits One) until 1994) is an American cable television channel that was created in January 1985 by Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment (at the time a division of Warner Communications and owners of MTV, which originally came up with the idea of the channel). ... Salma Hayek at the Cannes Film Festival Salma Hayek (born September 2, 1966) is a Mexican actress. ... Marrakech (مراكش marrākish), known as the Pearl of the South, is a city in southwestern Morocco in the foothills of the Atlas Mountains. ... Mía Maestro, born June 19, 1978 in Buenos Aires, Argentina, is an Argentinian actress and a trained classical music vocalist, which she learned in Berlin, Germany at age 18. ... Black Sweat is a single by Prince, from his 2006 album 3121. ... February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


On February 4, 2006, Prince was the musical guest on Saturday Night Live, where he performed two new songs, the guitar-driven “Fury” and “Beautiful, Loved & Blessed,” with up-and-coming R&B singer Támar. Both are featured on Prince’s own 3121, with “Beautiful, Loved & Blessed” also appearing on Tamar’s album, titled Beautiful Loved & Blessed (due for release on May 2, 2006). February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Saturday Night Live (SNL) is a weekly late-night 90-minute American comedy-variety show based in New York City which has been broadcast by NBC nearly every Saturday night since its debut on October 11, 1975. ... Fury, also known as A Woman Scorned, is a song by Prince, from his 2006 album 3121. ... Ashley Támar Davis is an R&B singer who came to prominence through the singer Prince. ... 3121 (pronounced thirty one, twenty one) is the title of Princes latest album. ... May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On February 15, 2006, Prince performed at the Brit awards alongside Wendy, Lisa and Sheila E. He played “Te Amo Corazon” and “Fury” from 3121, and “Purple Rain” and “Let's Go Crazy” from Purple Rain, in a performance which was generally regarded as the best of the night. February 15 is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Kaiser Chiefs collecting one of their three Brit Awards, 2006 with Vic Reeves. ... Wendy and Lisa are a musical duo comprised of musicians Lisa Coleman and Wendy Melvoin that formed in the mid 1980s. ... Sheila Escovedo (born December 12, 1957), better known as Sheila E., is the daughter of percussionist Pete Escovedo, with whom she frequently performs. ...


Ultimate is the title of Prince’s latest greatest hits compilation album. The album is currently scheduled to be released on 22 May 2006. Originally slated to be released in North America on 14 March 2006, the album was cancelled just days prior to its release. However, copies were already available in some retailers and have been sold. Ultimate is the title of Princes latest greatest hits compilation album. ... May 22 is the 142nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (143rd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... March 14 is the 73rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (74th in leap years) with 292 days remaining in the year. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The double disc set is slated to consist of one CD of hits, while the second disc will contain extended versions and mixes that, for the most part were previously unavailable on CD. Artwork for a promo copy [18] revealed that the selection included these tracks: “Let's Go Crazy (Special Dance Mix),” “Little Red Corvette (Dance Remix),” “Let’s Work (Dance Remix),” “Pop Life (Fresh Dance Mix),” “She's Always In My Hair (12" Version),” “Raspberry Beret (12" Version),” “Kiss (Extended Version),” “U Got The Look (Long Look),” “Hot Thing (Extended Remix),” “Thieves In The Temple (Remix),” and “Cream (N.P.G. Mix).” [19], [20], [21]


3121 was leaked to the internet on March 6, 2006. Prince achieved his first career number-one debut on the Billboard 200 (in the issue dated April 8, 2006) with 3121. The set sold 183,000 copies in the United States in its first week, according to Nielsen SoundScan. It also debuted at number one on Billboard’s Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums tally. [22]3121 also took over the number one spot on Billboard's European Top 100 Albums chart the following week, giving the legendary artist his highest charting international album of the decade. [23] March 6 is the 65th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (66th in Leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (99th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nielsen SoundScan is an information system created by Nielsen Media Research that tracks sales data for singles, albums, and music video products for Billboard and other music industry companies. ...


On May 24, 2006, Prince performed “Lolita” and “Satisfied” from his album 3121 on the last results show of the fifth season of American Idol. He was the only artist to perform without any contestant in the episode. The infamous judge on the show, Simon Cowell, has recently turned his barbed comments toward the artist saying, “It just tells you how selfish he is. He comes on, not a word—‘I’m not gonna sing with anybody else, I’m not gonna say goodbye.’ Thank you for your generosity, Prince.” in regard to Prince’s late arrival and abrupt departure. May 24 is the 144th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (145th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The winner of Season 5, Taylor Hicks. ... Simon Philip Cowell (born 7 October 1959) is a British artist and repertoire (A&R) executive for BMG, but is best known as a judge on the television programmes Pop Idol, American Idol, and The X Factor, where he is notorious for his unsparingly blunt and occasionally controversial criticism of...


Music samples

Image File history File links Prince_I_Wanna_Be_Your_Lover. ... Prince is the second album by Prince, released in 1979. ... Image File history File links Prince_1999. ... 1999 is Princes fifth album, released in October 1982. ... Image File history File links Prince_When_Doves_Cry. ... Music from the Motion Picture Purple Rain (also called just Purple Rain) was a 1984 album by Prince and The Revolution. ... Image File history File links Prince_Kiss. ... Parade: Music from the Motion Picture Under the Cherry Moon was Princes 1986 follow-up to Around the World in a Day and the soundtrack to his second film. ... Image File history File links Prince_Thieves_In_The_Temple. ... The soundtrack to Graffiti Bridge was much better received in sales than the movie of the same name, reaching #6 in the US and #1 in the UK. Nearly every song on the record was written by Prince, despite the handful of artists performing, including Tevin Campbell, Mavis Staples and...

Discography

For a detailed listing of albums, singles, and production/songwriting work Prince has done for other musicians, please see Prince discography. Due to technical limitations, some web browsers may not display some special characters in this article. ...


Filmography

  • Purple Rain (1984): actor, composer
  • Under the Cherry Moon (1986): actor, writer, composer, director
  • Sign “☮” the Times (1987): composer, performer, director
  • Lovesexy (film) (1989):composer, performer
  • Batman (1989): composer (songs)
  • Graffiti Bridge (1990): actor, composer, writer, director
  • 3 Chains o' Gold (1994): actor, composer, writer, director
  • Showgirls (1995): composer (songs): “Ripopgodazippa,” “319”
  • Girl 6 (1996): composer (songs)
  • Rave Un2 The Year 2000 (2000): performer, composer (songs)
  • Live at the Aladdin Las Vegas (2003): performer, composer (songs)

Purple Rain is a 1984 movie directed by Albert Magnoli and written by Prince and William Blinn. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Technical note: Due to technical limitations, some web browsers may not display some special characters in this article. ... Batman is a 1989 motion picture based on the Batman character created by Bob Kane and Bill Finger. ... Graffiti Bridge is a film written, directed and starring Prince. ... 3 Chains o Gold is a 1994 film produced and directed by Prince and starring Prince and the New Power Generation. ... Showgirls is a film directed by Paul Verhoeven and released in 1995 by United Artists. ... DVD cover Girl 6 is a 1996 film by American director Spike Lee about a phone sex operator. ... Track listing intro / soundcheck Pop Life Money Dont Matte 2 Night / The Work Push and Pull (with Nikka Costa) 1+1+1=3 (incl. ...

Protégés and associates

Please expand this article.
This template may be found on the article's talk page, where there may be further information. Alternatively, more information might be found at Requests for expansion.
Please remove this message once the article has been expanded.

Prince has worked with dozens of musicians and performers over his career and has given songs to a diverse array of artists. However, this list of protégés include only those who Prince contributed a significant portion of material, or are current/former bandmates who are well-known for their association with Prince. Image File history File links Wiki_letter_w. ...

Bandmates notes Non-bandmates notes
Brownmark Revolution bassist from 1981–1986, Prince produced two songs on his solo albums Apollonia 6 Side project girl-group from 1984. Prince wrote and produced their self-titled album.
Andre Cymone Bassist from 1979–1980, Prince produced “The Dance Electric” for his 1985 album AC The Bangles Prince wrote Manic Monday, their biggest hit, and dated lead singer, Susanna Hoffs.
94 East Prince was a guitarist for this band in the mid-1970s Tevin Campbell Tevin performed “Round and Round” on Graffiti Bridge and Prince produced multiple songs on a 1991 solo album, I'm Ready.
Morris Day Day was in a high school band with Prince and Andre Cymone. He later became lead singer in The Time. Ingrid Chavez She performed vocals on several Prince albums and played a part in Graffiti Bridge. Prince produced a 1991 album for her.
Candy Dulfer Prince produced a song on one of her albums and she has been an on/off member in his bands since 1989. Margie Cox A long-time associate, contributing to various projects for Prince and associated artists.
Sheila E. Sheila had 3 albums produced by Prince and later joined his band as drummer from 1987–1989. The two still work together on occasion. Sheena Easton Prince wrote several songs for her over the years and she has guested on two of his albums.
Doctor Fink Revolution keyboardist from 1979–1990. Carmen Electra Prince produced her 1993 album and invented her stage name.
Cat Glover Backing vocalist and tour choreographer from 1987–1989. T.C. Ellis Rapped on Graffiti Bridge album and “New Power Generation” single. Prince produced several songs for his 1991 solo album.
Rosie Gaines NPG vocalist from 1990–1992, and as a guest since. Prince produced a song for her 1995 solo album. Clare Fischer Provides strings arrangements for Prince’s albums since 1986.
Morris Hayes NPG keyboardist from 1992–1999. The Family Funk band formed by Prince in 1985; performed and the original version of “Nothing Compares 2 U.”
Jill Jones Unnofficial Revolution member on 1999 album. Had a self-titled album produced by Prince in 1987. Elisa Fiorillo Prince and Levi Seacer, Jr. produced an album for her.
Eric Leeds Official band member from 1986–1989, and had provided brass and flute for many years since.
Larry Graham Occational NPG bassist and Prince’s spiritual guide. Jimmy Jam Former keyboardist for The Time
Mayte Garcia Ex-wife and former bandmember, dancing and providing backing vocals. Also had an 1995 album produced by Prince. Jesse Johnson Former guitarist The Time
Bobby "Z" Rivkin Revolution drummer from 1979–1986 Chaka Khan Prince produced an album for her in 1998 and various songs before that. She provided vocals on Newpower Soul.
Maceo Parker Saxophonist from 1999–present Patti LaBelle Has had several songs produced by Prince.
Levi Seacer, Jr. Bassist from 1987–1990. Guitarist from 1991–1993. Terry Lewis Former bassist for The Time
Támar His latest protégé, providing backing vocals and Prince produced her upcoming album. Madhouse Jazz band formed by Prince in 1987. Recorded two albums and many unreleased tracks.
Wendy and Lisa Guitarist from 1983–1986 and keyboardist from 1980–1986, respectively. Also composed much material with Prince while in the Revolution. Martika Her 2nd album, Martika’s Kitchen, produced by Prince. Prince wrote several songs on the album, including “Martika’s Kitchen“ and “Love, Thy Will Be Done,” which charted outside the U.S. in 1992.
Michael Bland Drummer from 1989–1996. Mazarati Band was founded by Brownmark and Prince produced a song for their album. They were also originally given the song “Kiss” which was later reclaimed by Prince.
Sonny Thompson NPG bassist from 1990–1996.
Mavis Staples Had two albums produced by Prince (1989 and 1992).
Jevetta Steele Had several songs produced by Prince and contributed vocals to many of his tracks; member of The Steeles.
The Steeles Provided choir for several Prince albums.
The Time Prince’s most successful side project; had 4 albums from 1981–1990 (a fifth reportedly remains in limbo).
Vanity Former girlfriend and lead singer of Vanity 6.
Vanity 6 Side project girl-group from 1982. Prince produced their only album. Later became Apollonia 6 when Vanity left.

Brown Mark (also spelled Brownmark; born Mark Brown, 1962) is the former bassist of The Revolution, music artist Princes original touring (and later also his recording) band. ... A bassist is a musician who plays a double bass or electric bass (also referred to as bass guitar). ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Andre Cymone (born Andre Anderson) is a bassist, songwriter and record producer. ... The Bangles in a 1980s publicity photo; Debbi Peterson, Susanna Hoffs, Vicki Peterson, Michael Steele. ... Manic Monday (1986) was the first hit single by pop group The Bangles. ... Susanna Hoffs of the Bangles (2003 promo photo) Susanna Lee Hoffs (born January 17, 1959) is a vocalist and rhythm guitarist for the Bangles. ... 94 East was a Minneapolis- based funk group formed in 1977 by Pepe Willie, the husband of Princes cousin. ... A guitarist is a musician who plays the guitar. ... Tevin Campbell Tevin Jermod Campbell (born November 12, 1976 in Dallas, Texas) is an American R&B singer. ... The soundtrack to Graffiti Bridge was much better received in sales than the movie of the same name, reaching #6 in the US and #1 in the UK. Nearly every song on the record was written by Prince, despite the handful of artists performing, including Tevin Campbell, Mavis Staples and... Morris Day, born on December 13, 1957 in Minneapolis, Minnesota, is an American musician and composer. ... Chavez, 1991Photo: Paisley Park Records Ingrid Julia Chavez, born 1965 in Atlanta, Georgia, is a Mexican-American poet, vocalist, songwriter and photographer. ... Candy Dulfer is a smooth jazz alto saxophone player who was born in the Netherlands. ... Sheila Escovedo (born December 12, 1957), better known as Sheila E., is the daughter of percussionist Pete Escovedo, with whom she frequently performs. ... A session drummer at practice A drummer is a musician who plays the drums, particularly the drum kit, marching percussion, or hand drums. ... Sheena Easton on the cover of her 2000 CD, Fabulous. ... Doctor Fink (a. ... A keyboardist is a musician who plays keyboard instruments. ... Carmen Electra. ... Catherine Vernice Glover, also known as Cat Glover or Cat, is a choreographer and dancer. ... Choreography (also known as dance composition) is the art of making structures in which movement occurs, the term composition may also refer to the navigation or connection of these movement structures. ... New Power Generation is a song by Prince from the 1990 album and movie Graffiti Bridge. ... Multi-instrumentalist, Producer/Song writer Rosie Gaines is the youngest of 10 children. ... Composer/arranger/pianist Clare Fischer was born on October 22th, 1928 in Durand, MI. His parents were of German, French, Irish-Scot and English backgrounds. ... A string instrument (or stringed instrument) is a musical instrument that produces sound by means of vibrating strings. ... In popular music an arrangement is a setting of a piece of music, which may have been composed by the arranger or by someone else. ... The Family were a Rhythm & Blues band signed to Princes record label Paisley Park Records. ... Outspoken and controversial Irish singer Sinead OConnor will always be most remembered for her version of Princes Nothing Compares 2 U. The song was originally recorded in the early 1980s by Minneapolis group The Family. However, it was Sinead who brought the song to worldwide prominence. ... Jill Jones is an American singer/songwriter. ... 1999 is Princes fifth album, released in October 1982. ... Eric Leeds is an American jazz musician who specializes in the saxophone and other woodwind and brass instruments. ... Image of a trumpet. ... The Flute is a musical instrument of the woodwind family. ... Larry Graham on the cover of his 1981 LP Just Be My Lady. ... Jam and Lewis (Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis) are R & B writer/producers who enjoyed great success in the 1980s with various artists, most notably Janet Jackson. ... Mayte Jannell Garcia (born 1973) appeared on the American television program Thats Incredible! at the age of 8 as the worlds youngest professional belly dancer. ... Jesse Johnson is a musician best known as the guitarist in the original lineup of The Time. ... Bobby Z Rivkin is a Jewish American musician and producer who was a member of Princes former band, The Revolution. ... Album cover of What Cha Gonna Do For Me? Best known for her 1984 cover of Princes I Feel for You, R&B singer Chaka Khan enjoyed solo success as well as popularity as a member of the funk band Rufus. ... Newpower Soul is the 1998 album by (formerly known as Prince) and the New Power Generation. ... Maceo Parker (born February 14, 1943) is a noted African American funk and soul jazz saxophone player, best known for his contributions to James Browns distinct sound. ... A saxophonist is a musician who plays the saxophone. ... Patti LaBelle Patti LaBelle (born Patricia Louise Holt on May 24, 1944 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is a hugely revered African-American R&B/soul singer who fronted two moderately successful groups before rising to stardom as a solo artist in the late 1970s, influencing a new generation of female singers. ... Levi Seacer, Jr. ... Terence Lewis (born December 29, 1935) is a politician in the United Kingdom. ... Ashley Támar Davis is an R&B singer who came to prominence through the singer Prince. ... Madhouse is a band from Minneapolis that was formed by Prince. ... A jazz band is a musical ensemble that plays jazz music. ... Wendy and Lisa are a musical duo comprised of musicians Lisa Coleman and Wendy Melvoin that formed in the mid 1980s. ... The cover of Martikas 1989 single I Feel the Earth Move Marta Marrero (born May 18, 1969 in Whittier, California, USA), better known as Martika, is a Cuban-American singer and actress. ... Michael Bland (born March 14, 1969 in Minneapolis, Minnesota) is best known as a drummer for Prince starting in 1989. ... Mazarati was a R&B band formed in the late 1980s by former Prince and the Revolution bassist Brown Mark. ... Kiss is a 1986 song by Prince and the Revolution, from the album Parade. ... Sonny Thompson (Sonny T) is a former bass player for the New Power Generation, Princes recording and stage band. ... Mavis Staples (born Jan 1, 1940) is an American rhythm and blues singer. ... Jevetta Steele is an American gospel singer originally from Gary, Indiana, though she has lived in Minneapolis now for many years. ... A choir or chorus is a musical ensemble of singers. ... The Time were a funk and dance-pop ensemble of the early- and mid-80s. ... Denise Matthews (Vanity) on the cover of Playboy, April 1988 Vanity is the most popular stage name used by singer/actress/model Denise Katrina Matthews (of African and German descent, was born on January 4, 1959 in Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada). ... Vanity 6 was a female vocal trio assembled by Prince in the early 1980s. ...

Monikers

Prince often uses pseudonyms and monikers to separate himself from the music (either his own or that of others) he has had input in; he has said that he was tired of seeing his name everywhere, and that only egotistical people take credit for everything they do. [24] He has also given himself alternate names for his film characters, the most recognizable of which is "The Kid". A pseudonym (Greek: false name) is a fictitious name used by an individual as an alternative to his or her legal name. ...

  • Jamie Starr / The Starr ★ Company - early producer of The Time, Vanity 6, etc.
  • The Kid - Prince's semi-autobiographical persona in Purple Rain; the character was revisited in the film Graffiti Bridge
  • Joey Coco - producer/writer of songs for Kenny Rogers, Sheena Easton, etc.
  • Christopher Tracy - lead character of Under the Cherry Moon
  • Christopher - writer of “Manic Monday” for The Bangles
  • Alexander Nevermind - writer of “Sugar Walls” for Sheena Easton
  • Camille - sped up voice on “Housequake,” “Shockadelica,” etc. and mentioned in the Lovesexy tour book as Prince's “good” side
  • Spookyelectric - the polar opposite of Camille, the “evil force” which created the Black Album
  • Gemini - on the Batman album; half Batman, half Joker
  • Partyman - Prince plays the titular character in said music video
  • Paisley Park - used in the early 1990s for various projects
  • Victor - character mentioned on the Image:Princesymbol.png (Love Symbol) album
  • Tora Tora - on the NPG’s Exodus album
  • Azifwekaré - “homeless pothead” on the song “Style”
  • Image:Princesymbol.png - adopted as official (and legal) name from 1993 to 2000
  • The Artist Formerly Known As Prince (TAFKAP) - offered by journalists as an alternative to the unpronouncable Image:Princesymbol.png
  • The Artist - emerged from “The Artist Formerly Known As Prince,” and became the most common alias to denote Prince in the media in the late 1990s
  • ONE - featured on a Bootsy Collins album in 2004

The Time were a funk and dance-pop ensemble of the early- and mid-80s. ... Vanity 6 was a female vocal trio assembled by Prince in the early 1980s. ... Purple Rain is a 1984 movie directed by Albert Magnoli and written by Prince and William Blinn. ... Graffiti Bridge is a film written, directed and starring Prince. ... Kenny Rogers For the baseball player, see Kenny Rogers (baseball player). ... Sheena Easton on the cover of her 2000 CD, Fabulous. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The Bangles in a 1980s publicity photo; Debbi Peterson, Susanna Hoffs, Vicki Peterson, Michael Steele. ... Sheena Easton on the cover of her 2000 CD, Fabulous. ... Camille is an unreleased album by Prince from 1986. ... This 1988 album is widely considered to be one of the best works of Prince. ... The Black Album is a Prince record that was originally planned for November of 1987 as the follow-up to Sign O the Times. ... While it garnered mixed reviews from critics, the 1989 Batman soundtrack returned Prince to the top of the Billboard album charts. ... The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive. ... Image File history File links Prince changed his name to this symbol in 1993 following a contractual dispute with his record company. ... The correct title of this article is . This articles title contains characters or symbols not found in Unicode. ... Exodus is a 1995 album by the New Power Generation. ... Image File history File links Prince changed his name to this symbol in 1993 following a contractual dispute with his record company. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... This article is about the year 2000. ... Image File history File links Prince changed his name to this symbol in 1993 following a contractual dispute with his record company. ...

See also

Camille is an unreleased album by Prince from 1986. ... Prince is well-known in the entertainment industry for having a vast body of works that have never seen the light of day. ... This is a non-definitive list of best selling recording artists, embracing worldwide single and album sales. ... This is a list of number-one hits in the United States by year from the Billboard Hot 100. ... This is a list of number-one dance hits as recorded by Billboard Magazine’s Hot Dance Music/Club Play chart — a weekly national survey of popular songs in U.S. dance clubs. ... This is a list of recording artists who have reached number one on Billboard magazines Hot Dance Music/Club Play chart. ...

External links

Official sites
  • NPG Music Club - Prince’s official site, featuring mp3’s, videos, exclusive downloads, and more. This website was created on June 2000.
  • Paisley Park Studios Was opened in 1987 by Prince. This website was created on November 1999.
  • Love 4 One Another Now links to NPG Music Club—Prince’s official site. This webpage could be accessed in November 1999 through Paisley Park Studios. Originally (January 1998) Love 4 One Another said in its main webpage: “welcome to the playground of the new power generation: the definitive place of gathering 4 all who love life, love God, lovesexy…a place where music, poetry and positive vibes can be shared freely without fear of retribution and every page offers a new awakening…a collective conscience of unity, love and truth so great every human will want 2 join. This site is the beginning of a webwide effort 2 change the vibration of the world…love 4 one another, the ticket…life, the ride…dig if u will a venture inside.”
  • 1 800 NEW FUNK Also known as www.newfunk.com, now links to the NPG Retail Store. This webpage could be accessed in January 1998 through Love 4 One Another and in November 1999 through Paisley Park Studios. Originally an online store.
  • www.emale.com Now links to NPG Music Club—Prince’s official site, but originally (February 1998) it had other information. Mentioned by name in the song Emale from the album Emancipation.
  • Official 3121 site - Site for Prince's latest album, “3121.” This website was created on November 2005.
  • Prince at the Internet Movie Database
  • Prince at the All Music Guide
  • Profile of Prince at the Notable Names Database
Lyrics
Media
  • Uptown Uptown Magazines and books providing definitive guides to Prince’s work throughout the years
  • Sleevographia - Huge collection of Prince scans & album covers
  • Prince Videos @ Yahoo Launch Scattered Prince music videos on Yahoo Launch
  • Tavis Smiley Interview Prince gives a rare interview to Tavis Smiley show, and performs “Reflection.”
Reviews
  • Prince In Print - Massive collection of news articles, LP reviews, interviews, chart placings, and more
  • Wilson & Alroy’s Prince Record Reviews Brief reviews of every Prince release
News and fansites
  • Prince.org - News, discussion forums, chatroom, and the largest Prince-related gallery online
  • Housequake.com - News, forums, complete discography, galleries, quizzes, interviews, music videos & more!
  • Princefams - News, debates, artwork, sound downloads, lyrics, tour dates, and trivia
  • O(+>Prince-Online - Polish Prince Fanclub, News, forums, complete discography, galleries
  • alt.music.prince (AMP) - Usenet newsgroup devoted to Prince, arguments, and flamewars!
  • The Dawn Experience - News, forums, articles, images, etc.
  • The Prince / O(+> Experience - fansite
  • Black Sweat - Uncensored Prince discussion
  • Dawnation - the independent guide to Prince - fansite
  • Purplelectricity Prince Party - Canada’s only recurring Prince tribute party, Toronto
  • Priince.com - A Prince wiki, the public Prince encyclopedia
  • Prince: The Beatles of Funk Analysis and photos
  • 600 Prince Links !!! Almost 600 links dedicated to Prince and the Minneapolis Sound
Articles
  • "School of Funk: Jimmy Jam was a DJ. Morris Day was a drummer. Prince was a kid with a huge afro. Before they changed popular music, Mom told them to turn that racket down." article in City Pages

Emancipation is a 1996 triple-CD album by (formerly known as Prince). ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about actors, films, television shows, television stars, video games and production crew personnel. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a metadata database about music, owned by All Media Guide. ... NNDB standing for Notable Names Database is a database of biographical details of notable persons. ... June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. ... 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Lakes Motto: En Avant Location Location in Hennepin County and the state of Minnesota. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
»»Pop Rock Music Reviews«« (7567 words)
It begins with the insistent drip-drop of a sequencer and ends with some old school R&B. In between, the artist who was still calling himself Prince unfurls an encyclopedia of moods, genres, and grooves.
One of the better albums from Prince prior to his fallout with Warner Bros. Very ecletic although much of the album was made under the stress of The Revolution falling apart.
Prince's double album Sign of the Times is pure brillance.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m