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Encyclopedia > Prime Minister of Italy
Italy

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Italy
Image File history File links Italy-Emblem. ... Politics of Italy takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Italy is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...



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In Italy, the President of the Council of Ministers (Italian: Presidente del Consiglio dei Ministri) is the country's prime minister or head of government, and occupies the fourth-most important state office. The Presidency of the Council is a constitutional office, established by the Italian constitution by articles 92, 93, 94, 95, and 96. The President of the Council is appointed by the President of the Italian Republic, the head of state. The current Prime minister of Italy is Romano Prodi, former President of the European Commission, and leader of the center-left coalition. The Constitutional Court of Italy (Italian: Corte costituzionale della Repubblica Italiana) is the supreme court of Italy. ... The President of the Italian Republic is the head of State of Italy, and represents national unity. ... Giorgio Napolitano (born June 29, 1925 in Naples, Italy), an Italian politician and former lifetime senator, is the eleventh and current President of the Italian Republic. ... In Italy, the President of the Council of Ministers (Italian: Presidente del Consiglio dei Ministri) is the countrys prime minister or head of government, and occupies the fourth-most important state office. ...   (born August 9, 1939) is a centre-left Italian politician. ... The Prodi II Cabinet has been in charge from May 17, 2006. ... The Parliament of Italy (Italian: Parlamento Italiano) is the national parliament of Italy. ... The Italian Senate (Italian: Senato della Repubblica, Senate of the Republic) is the upper house of the Parliament of Italy. ... The Italian Chamber of Deputies (Italian: Camera dei Deputati) is the lower house of the Parliament of Italy. ... The Court of Cassation (Corte di Cassazione in Italian) is the main court of last resort in Italy. ... Political parties in Italy are organized into two dominant political coalitions. ... Casa delle Libertà, or House of Freedoms in English, is an Italian right of center party alliance led by national media tycoon Silvio Berlusconi. ... The Union (Italian: LUnione) is an Italian centre-left political party coalition. ... Elections in Italy gives information on election and election results in Italy. ... A general election for the renewal of the two Chambers of the Parliament of Italy was held on April 9 and April 10, 2006. ... A national general election was held in Italy on May 13, 2001 to elect members of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate of the Republic. ... The Constitution of Italy provides for legally binding referenda. ... The Regions of Italy were granted a degree of regional autonomy in the 1948 constitution, which states that the constitutions role is: to recognize, protect and promote local autonomy, to ensure that services at the State level are as decentralized as possible, and to adapt the principles and laws... In Italy, the province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of an intermediate level, between municipality (comune) and region (Regione). ... Municipalities of Italy In Italy, the comune, (plural comuni) is the basic administrative unit of both provinces and regions, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township or municipality. ... The European Union or EU is a supranational and international organization of 27 member states. ... This article describes the foreign relations of Italy. ... This is a list of major political scandals in Italy: Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconis many corruption charges Tax evasion bribing members of the judicary immunity legislation Media manipulation fro political propaganda P2 scandal, 1980s Tangentopoli (diffuse corruption cases in national politics), early 1990s Categories: Incomplete lists | Politics of Italy... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... The Head of Government is the chief officer of the executive branch of a government, often presiding over a cabinet. ... The President of the Italian Republic is the head of State of Italy, and represents national unity. ... Queen Elizabeth II, is the Head of State of 16 countries including: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Jamaica, New Zealand and the Bahamas, as well as crown colonies and overseas territories of the United Kingdom. ...   (born August 9, 1939) is a centre-left Italian politician. ... The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive body of the European Union. ... The term center-left has two distinct meanings in politics: Center-left can be used to describe a moderately left-wing political party. ...

Contents

Official title

Palazzo Chigi, seat of the Council of Ministers.
Palazzo Chigi, seat of the Council of Ministers.

The title of Italy's head of government is referred to in Italian as the Presidente del Consiglio dei Ministri. Literally translated this means "President of the Council of Ministers". However because prime minister is the more usual title for a head of government in English speaking nations he is often referred to by English speakers as the 'Prime Minister of Italy'. However the Italian for prime minister is primo ministro. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x1600, 827 KB) (All user names refer to en. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x1600, 827 KB) (All user names refer to en. ...


The french/english word Premier is getting more and more used lately, both by the press and in A premier is an executive official of government. ...


Functions

Besides those functions granted him as a member of the government, the prime minister indicates to the President of the Republic the list of government ministers, and countersigns all acts having the force of law that have been signed by the President of the Republic.


Article 95 of the Italian constitution specifies that "the President of the Council of Ministers directs and coordinates the activity of the ministers"; this power has been used to a quite variable extent in the history of the Italian state, as it is strongly influenced by the strength of the individual ministers and thus by the parties they represent.


Often the prime minister's activity consists more in mediating between the various parties in the majority coalition, rather than directing the activity of the Council of Ministers. His power of address, moreover, is limited, in that, at least formally, he does not have the authority to fire those ministers with whom he finds himself in disagreement. The practice of rimpasto, or the rarer individual vote of no confidence on the part of Parliament, may be considered surrogates for this formally absent power.


The rise of a new mode of politics, which according to some is ever more linked to the mediating skills of politicians, and the largely majoritarian electoral laws, have, in practice, given the President of the Council a greater power to make decisions and to direct the internal dynamics of the government, which represents a notable novelty for the Italian political system.

The seat of the Council of ministers, in Palazzo Chigi, Rome
The seat of the Council of ministers, in Palazzo Chigi, Rome

Image File history File links Consiglio2_600. ... Image File history File links Consiglio2_600. ...

See also

The prime minister of Italy is officially the President of the Council of Ministers (Italian: ). // List Kingdom of Italy Italian Republic See also List of Presidents of the Italian Republic Politics of Italy History of Italy Italian Minister of the Interior Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs Italian Minister of Defense...

References

  • This article was translated from the equivalent article in Italian Wikipedia, retrieved 16 April 2006.

External links

  • Official site of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers (in Italian)

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