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Encyclopedia > Prijedor
Приједор / Prijedor
 
Location in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Shown in bright red (click to enlarge)
The light red indicates the Republika Srpska entity
General Information
Entity Republika Srpska
Municipality area 833 km²
Population
- (est.)

119,000
- (1991 census) 112,470
Coordinates 44°58′N, 16°43′E
Area code +387 52
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
CEST (UTC+2)
Website www.opstinaprijedor.org
Politics
Mayor Marko Pavić (DNS) [1]

Prijedor (Serbian Cyrillic: Приједор) is a town and municipality in northwestern Bosnia and Herzegovina, located in the Republika Srpska entity. Prijedor is second largest town in Republika Srpska after Banja Luka. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1520, 289 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Prijedor ... Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Categories: Bosnia and Herzegovina | Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina | Lists of subnational entities | Bosnia and Herzegovina geography stubs ... Not to be confused with Serbia. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... 1991 Bosnia and Herzegovina Population Census was the last census of the population of Bosnia and Herzegovina taken before the Bosnian War. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... This is a list of dialing codes in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... “UTC” redirects here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... “UTC” redirects here. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... Not to be confused with Serbia. ... Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Categories: Bosnia and Herzegovina | Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina | Lists of subnational entities | Bosnia and Herzegovina geography stubs ... Not to be confused with Serbia. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity Republika Srpska Land area 15,000km² Population (1991 census) 195,139 230,000 Population density 126,8/km2 Coordinates Area code +387 51 Mayor Dragoljub Davidović (SNSD) Website http://www. ...

Contents

Geography

Prijedor municipality sits in north-western part of Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina, on the banks of the Sana river and Gomjenica and on hills of Kozara mountain. The area of the municipality is 833 km². The town lies on 44°N and 16°W from Greenwhich, at altitude of 135 m. 2 km outside the town, to the northeast, the terrain ascends in waves and by degrees becomes a mountain range of Kozara, famous from the peoples' mutinies in the previous centuries and battle against fascism in the World War II. The level country in Prijedor lays is alluvial terrain created by the Sana river and its tributaries on the south western hillsides of the Kozara mountain. The structure of this level country depends upon the geologic composition of the ground through which run brooks and tributaries of the Sana river. Not to be confused with Serbia. ... Sana is river in west-northern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Kozara is mounitne western part of Republika Srpska. ... Kozara is mounitne western part of Republika Srpska. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Alluvium is soil land deposited by a river or other running water. ...


The town was developed on Svinjarica island separated from the Sana river and Berek. There are remains of the Roman and Illyrian civilizations in these regions.


Location

Kostajnica (60 km),
Zagreb (173 km),
Vienna (547 km)
Koz. Dubica (33 km) Gradiška (90 km),
Budapest (474 km)
Novi Grad (32 km) Kozarac (13 km),
Omarska (20 km),
Beograd (336 km)
Ljubija (8 km),
Trieste (412 km)
Sanski Most (33 km) Banjaluka (48 km),
Sarajevo (250 km)

Hrvatska Kostajnica, often just Kostajnica, is a small town in central Croatia, population 1,993, with total municipality population of 2. ... Location of Zagreb within Croatia Coordinates: , Country RC diocese 1094 Free royal city 1242 Unified 1850 Government  - Mayor Milan Bandić Area [1]  - City 641. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... Bosanska Dubica (Serbian: Босанскa Дубицa/Bosanska Dubica, Bosnian: Bosanska Dubica/Босанскa Дубицa, Croatian: Bosanska Dubica), is a town in Republika Srpska in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... City area Bosanska GradiÅ¡ka (Cyrillic: Босанска Градишка), is a town and municipality in northwestern Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... For other uses, see Budapest (disambiguation). ... Novi Grad Vidorijska džamija - one of the oldest buildings in Bosanski Novi. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Starved detainees at the Omarska camp, ITN pictures that went around the world Omarska is a locality near Prijedor in northwestern Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... For other uses, see Belgrade (disambiguation). ... Ljubija may refer to: Ljubija river, a river in Slovenia. ... Trieste (Italian: Trieste; Slovenian, Croatian and Serbian: Trst; German: Triest) is a city and port in northeastern Italy right on the border with Slovenia. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area 781 km2 Population (1991 census) 60,307 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 37 Mayor Sanjin Halimović (SDA) Website http://www. ... Mayor Dragoljub Davidović Area  - Total 93. ... Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: , Country Bosnia and Herzegovina Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ...

History

One building in Prijedor, facing bazaar, Pećani
One building in Prijedor, facing bazaar, Pećani

Prijedor has been first mentioned in historical documents as a ground fortress, in letters of Count Adam Batschani during the so-called Viennese war from 1683 till 1699. However, many things refer to the town's existence since ancient times and the ancient Roman presence in this region. In Ljubija were found many monuments from the Roman age as evidence of the iron production. In Zecovi there is Illyrian necropolis from the Iron Age. A legend says that the river Sana had been named by the Romans. In the iron mine, used for production of weapons for the Roman legions, from Prijedor iron mine placers was melted in large smeltings—works of Salonica, Siscia and Sirmium. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 2. ... Events June 6 - The Ashmolean Museum opens as the worlds first university museum. ... Events January 26 - Treaty of Karlowitz signed March 30 - the tenth Sikh Master, Guru Gobind Singh created the Khalsa. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Location of Illyria Illyria (Albanian Iliria Land of the Free; Ancient Greek ; Latin Illyria [1] (see also Illyricum) was in Classical antiquity a region in the western part of todays Balkan Peninsula, founded by the tribes and clans of Illyrians, an ancient people who spoke the Illyrian languages. ... For the record label, see Necropolis Records. ... Iron Age Axe found on Gotland This article is about the archaeological period known as the Iron Age, for the mythological Iron Age see Iron Age (mythology). ...


Soon Prijedor has become a significant trade handcraft centre, thanks to the Roman roads, navigability of the Sana river and the first railway in the former Bosnia and Herzegovina which was built in 1873 during the time of Baron Hirsch. A century after, the town had burnt in a great fire which is why the Austro-Hungarian authorities had made the first urban plan in 1901. 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Official languages Latin, German, Hungarian Established church Roman Catholic Capital & Largest City Vienna pop. ... Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Among important monuments there is a great monument on Mrakovica, the work of academic artist Dušan Džamonja, another evidence of traditional freedom-loving of the people in this region. Dzamonja behind abstractions in steel DuÅ¡an Džamonja (born January 31, 1928 in Strumica, south Yugoslavia; today Republic of Macedonia) is a modern sculptor from Croatia. ...


During the Bosnian war, the town of Omarska near Prijedor housed the infamous Omarska camp established by Serb authorities for Bosniak and Croat population. Prijedor was also a place of mass execution of Bosniaks and Croats, by Serb army. More than 3.500[citation needed]people had been killed, and more than 50 mass graves have been found for now. Serb high rank politician from Prijedor, Milomir Stakić, was found guilty by ICTY and got 40 years for war crimes conducted by Serb authorities in Prijedor. [2] Combatants Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Predominantly Bosniak) Army of Republika Srpska, Yugoslav Peoples Army, various paramilitary units from Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian) Croatian Defence Council, Croatian Army (Croatian) Commanders Alija Izetbegović (President of Bosnia and Herzegovina) Sefer Halilović (Army chief of staff 1992-1993) Rasim... Omarska camp detainees Omarska camp was a detention camp (also refered to as prison and concentration camp) in Omarska mining town near Prijedor in northern Bosnia and Herzegovina during the Bosnian War from 1992 to 1995. ... Milomir Stakić (born 1962 in Marićka, Bosnia and Herzegovina) is a Bosnian Serb who was charged with genocide, complicity in genocide, violations of the customs of war and crimes against humanity by the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) for his actions in the Prijedor region during...


Demographics

1910

According to the data from the 1910 Austro-Hungarian population census the Prijedor district had a 59.08% Orthodox Serb majority. Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... Local government areas called districts are used, or have been used, in several countries. ... Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. ...


1971-1981-1991

According to data from the census, the municipality of Prijedor had: Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ...

Year total Serbs Bosnian Muslims Croats Yugoslavs others
~1971~ 97.921 46.487 (47,47%) 39.190 (40,02%) 8.845 (9,03%) 1.458 (1,48%) 1.941 (2,00%)
~1981~ 108.868 45.279 (41,59%) 42.129 (38,69%) 7.297 (6,70%) 10.556 (9,69%) 3.607 (3,33%)
~1991~ 112.543 47.581 (42,27%) 49.351 (43,85%) 6.316 (5,61%) 6.459 (5,73%) 2.836 (2,54%)

The town of Prijedor itself in 1991 had a population of 34,635, including: Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below (* many Serbs opted for Yugoslav ethnicity) [27] Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in... Languages Serbo-Croat(Serbian, Bosnian, Croatian) Macedonian Religions Predominantly Islam Related ethnic groups South Slavs Muslims by nationality (Muslimani, Муслимани) was a term used in Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to describe mainly native Slavic Muslims. ... Languages Croatian Religions Predominantly Roman Catholic Related ethnic groups Slavs South Slavs Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... Yugoslavs (Bosnian: Jugosloveni; Macedonian, Serbian Cyrillic: Југословени; Latinic: Jugosloveni; Croatian: Jugoslaveni, Slovenian: Jugoslovani) is an ethnic designation used by some people in former Yugoslavia, which continues to be used in some of its successor countries. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ...

Note: Muslims by nationality are today mostly called Bosniaks. Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below (* many Serbs opted for Yugoslav ethnicity) [27] Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in... Languages Serbo-Croat(Serbian, Bosnian, Croatian) Macedonian Religions Predominantly Islam Related ethnic groups South Slavs Muslims by nationality (Muslimani, Муслимани) was a term used in Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to describe mainly native Slavic Muslims. ... Yugoslavs (Bosnian: Jugosloveni; Macedonian, Serbian Cyrillic: Југословени; Latinic: Jugosloveni; Croatian: Jugoslaveni, Slovenian: Jugoslovani) is an ethnic designation used by some people in former Yugoslavia, which continues to be used in some of its successor countries. ... Languages Croatian Religions Predominantly Roman Catholic Related ethnic groups Slavs South Slavs Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ...


Current population

In 2006, the majority of inhabitants of municipality were ethnic Serbs. [3] According to the latest data, there are over 94,096 inhabitants of which 48% belong to the urban population while 52% to the rural population.


The population of non-Serbs has declined significantly since 1991, while the number of Serbs increased dramatically. This was caused by the ethnic cleansing of mostly Muslims and Croats by Serb authorities, and by a huge influx of Serb refugees from cleansed areas under Muslim and Croat control. Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Ethnic cleansing refers to various policies or practices aimed at the displacement of an ethnic group from a particular territory in order to create a supposedly ethnically pure society. ... Languages Bosnian Religions Predominantly Islam Related ethnic groups Slavs (South Slavs) The Bosniaks or Bosniacs[1] (Bosnian: Bošnjaci, IPA: ) are a South Slavic people, living mainly in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia) and the Sandžak region of Serbia and Montenegro, with a smaller autochthonous population also present in Croatia... Languages Croatian Religions Predominantly Roman Catholic Related ethnic groups Slavs South Slavs Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... Ethnic cleansing refers to various policies or practices aimed at the displacement of an ethnic group from a particular territory in order to create a supposedly ethnically pure society. ...


Around 25,000 Serb refugees and displaced persons currently live in the municipality. [citation needed] Serbs (in the Serbian language Срби, Srbi) are a south Slavic people living chiefly in Serbia and Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...


Education

The first forms of organized education can be tracked back in the first half of the 19th century. In 1834 Prijedor had the "Serbian elementary school" that later with so-called "Communal school" was transformed into "State school" in 1919. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1834 (MDCCCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ...


Nowadays, there are 11 elementary schools with circa 8,000 students and 6 high schools attended by 4,000 students. A music school and a special school for mentally retarded persons are also part of the municipal educational system. Over the last several years, important steps were taken, aimed at establishing colleges. As a result, Prijedor now has a medical college, a business college, and a Mining Geology branch department of the University of Banja Luka. Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ... For other uses, see High school (disambiguation). ... The University of Banja Luka (Serbian Унивeрзитeтa y Бaњoj Лyци) is a university located in Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...


Sport

The local football club, FK Rudar Prijedor, plays in the First League of the Republika Srpska. A football team is the collective name given to a number of players who play together in a football game, be it American football, Association football (soccer), Australian rules football, Canadian football, Brazilian football, Gaelic football, Rugby league, Rugby union, or other version of football. ... FK Rudar is a football club from the city of Prijedor, in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Prva liga Republike Srpske or Прва лига Републике Српске (First league of the Republika Srpska) is a second level football competition in Bosnia-Herzegovina. ...


External links

  • Official Municipality of Prijedor website
 
Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina

  Results from FactBites:
 
War Crimes in Prijedor Upstina (1560 words)
The persecution of non-serbs in Prijedor did not ease after international pressure succeeded in forcing the Bosnian Serbs to close the concentration camps in 1992, as evidenced by the ICRC's attempt to evacuate all remaining non-Serbs from Opstina Prijedor in March 1994.
Forced expulsions in Prijedor began on October 5 during which those expelled were again forced to finance their own "ethnic cleansing" by paying transportation fees to the local "Red Cross" and were harassed, robbed, and threatened while waiting for the buses which would later dump them at the confrontation line.
In 1992, the "Crisis Committee of the serbian District of Prijedor" (Krizni Stab Srpske Opstine Prijedor) was established to organize the takeover of the town by Serbs and to eliminate the non-Serb popuilation through a systematic "ethnic cleansing" campaign coordinated with Serbian and Bosnian Serb army and paramilitary units.
COURT TV ONLINE - Texas v. Yates (4883 words)
After the city of Prijedor, Ljubija and Kozarac were the two next largest towns or villages, with the rest of the area comprised of a small number of villages.
The city of Prijedor and the surrounding towns are located within a corridor that can connect Serbian dominated areas in the Krajina area west of Prijedor and Serbia proper to the east.
The Muslims in Prijedor complained to the civil authorities in their area and were told they did not have to honour the call up as the Army had no authority to call up the reservists and militias.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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