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Encyclopedia > Pribilof Islands

The Pribilof Islands (often called the Fur Seal Islands, Russian: Kotovi) are a group of four volcanic islands, part of Alaska, lying in the Bering Sea, about 200 miles north of Unalaska and 200 miles south of Cape Newenham, the nearest point on the North American mainland. The Siberian coast is roughly 500 miles away. About 200 sq km in total area, they are mostly rocky, covered with meadow and tundra, and support a human population of somewhat over 600, concentrated in the towns of St. Paul and St. George, each on an island of the same name. A small island in the Adriatic sea An island is any piece of land smaller than a continent and larger than a rock, that is completely surrounded by water. ... State nickname: The Last Frontier, The Land of the Midnight Sun Official languages English Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Governor Frank Murkowski (R) Senators Ted Stevens (R) Lisa Murkowski (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 1st 663,267 mi² / 1,717,854 km² 13. ... The Bering (or Imarpik) Sea is a body of water above, and separted from, the north Pacific Ocean Ocean by the Alaska Peninsula and Aleutian Islands. ... Unalaska is a small city on Unalaska Island in the Aleutian Islands, off the coast of the U.S. state of Alaska. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America North America is a continent in the northern hemisphere bordered on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, on the south by the Caribbean Sea, and on the west by the... Siberia Jim (Russian: , common English transliterations: Sibir’, Sibir; from the Tatar for “sleeping land”) is a vast region of Russia and northern Kazakhstan constituting almost all of northern Asia. ... In physical geography, tundra is an area where the tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons. ... Binomial name Homo sapiens Linnaeus, 1758 Subspecies Homo sapiens idaltu(extinct) Homo sapiens sapiens Homo (genus). ... A street in Ynysybwl, Wales, relatively stereotypical of a small town A town is usually an urban area which is not considered to rank as a city. ... Saint Paul is a city located in Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska. ... St. ...

Map of the Pribilof Islands
Map of the Pribilof Islands

The principal islands are St. Paul (named from St. Peter and St. Paul's Day, on which it was discovered) and St. George (probably named after Pribilof's ship). The Otter and Walrus islets are near St. Paul. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (565x685, 112 KB) Map over Pribilof Islands Source: www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (565x685, 112 KB) Map over Pribilof Islands Source: www. ... St. ...


The islands were first sighted in 1767 and were visited in 1788 by Gavriil Pribilof, who discovered the fur seal (Callorhincus ursinus) rookeries for which they became famous. From Russia, the islands passed with Alaska to the United States in 1867. From 1870 to 1890 the United States government leased the islands to the Alaska Commercial Company. From 1890 through 1910, the North American Commercial Company held the monopoly on seal-hunting on the islands, but the industry shrank considerably owing to pelagic sealing. 1767 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1788 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Gavriil Loginovich Pribylov (Pribilof) (Прибылов, Гавриил Логинович in Russian) (unknown - died in 1796), Russian navigator. ... Genera Callorhinus Arctocephalus Fur seals make up one of the two distinct groups of mammals called seals. Both the fur seals and the true seals are members of the Pinnipedia, which is usually regarded as a suborder of the order Carnivora but sometimes as an independent order. ... 1867 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1890 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1890 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


Under the Fur Seal Act of 1966, hunting of these seals is forbidden in the Pribilof Islands with the exception of subsistence hunting by Indians, Aleuts, and Eskimos who live on the islands. 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link goes to calendar) // Events January January 1 - In a coup, Colonel Jean-Bédel Bokassa ousts president David Dacko and takes over the Central African Republic. ... The Aleuts (self-denomination: Unangax) are the indigenous people of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska, U.S.A.. // Location For specific tribal village names, see List of Native Alaskan Tribal Entities. ... Eskimo or Esquimau is a term used for a group of people who inhabit the circumpolar region (excluding circumpolar Scandinavia and all but the easternmost portions of Russia). ...


Today, the City of Saint Paul, located on St. Paul Island, harbors a population of approximately 500. The economy is heavily dependent on the annual opilio ("snow crab") fishery, and also on subsistence and commercial halibut harvests. Marine support services to the various commercial fleets plying the waters of the Bering Sea also contributes to the economy. The balance of economic activity on the island is government activity. The U.S. Coast Guard maintains a base and LORAN-C Master station on St. Paul. The National Weather Service maintains a station on the island, and NOAA maintains a significant presence there as well. Species include This crab is known by different names across the globe: In America, snow crab, opilio, and spider crab, as well as bairdi, and tanner crab In Canada, queen crab In Japan, Generally, ずわい蟹 (Zuwai gani) Fukui and Ishikawa Prefectures, えちぜん蟹 (Echizen gani) Kyoto, 松葉蟹 (Matsuba gani, lit. ... A large halibut A halibut is a type of flatfish. ... Coast Guard shield The United States Coast Guard is the coast guard of the United States. ... LORAN (LOng RAnge Navigation) is a terrestrial navigation system using low frequency radio transmitters. ... The National Weather Service (NWS) is one of the six scientific agencies that make up the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) of the United States government. ... The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is a scientific agency of the United States Department of Commerce focused on the conditions of the oceans and the atmosphere. ...


St. George has a smaller population of approximately 150. The economy is similar to that of St Paul. Many of the residents of the islands are related. The islands are home to a majority of Alaska's Aleut population.


The Pribilof Islands are widely known as a birdwatching paradise, home to many birds that are not observed anywhere else in North America. Over 240 different species of birds have been identified there, and an estimated 2 million seabirds nest there annually. St. Paul, especially, is popular with birdwatchers, having a high cliff wall, known as Ridge Wall, above the Bering Sea. "Vagrants" (ornithhological term for bird drawn off-course by storm winds, usually Asian songbirds) are somewhat commonly sighted here. Birding or birdwatching is a hobby concerned with the observation and study of birds (the study proper is termed ornithology). ... Ornithology (from the Greek ornis = bird and logos = word/science) is the branch of zoology concerned with the scientific study of birds and it includes observations on the structure and classification of birds, and on their habits, song and flight. ... Asia is the largest and most populous of the Earths continents. ... A songbird is a bird belonging to the suborder Oscines of Passeriformes (ca. ...


External links

The AMIQ Institute - a research project documenting the Pribilof Islands and their inhabitants


  Results from FactBites:
 
Pribilof Islands (1410 words)
The Pribilof Islands, the fabled seal islands of the Bering Sea, are located in the south-central Bering Sea, about 482 km (300 miles) west of the Alaska mainland and 386 km (240 miles) north of the Aleutian Islands.
The Pribilofs were formed as the result of eruptions of basaltic lavas onto the southern edge of the Bering Sea shelf.
The Pribilof Aleuts have survived many challenges over two centuries: forcible relocation, influence and culture of two colonial nations, loss of aboriginal subsistence skills to a wage-based industry, and suppression of their language, religion, political structures and human rights.
Pribilof Islands - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (509 words)
The Pribilof Islands (often called the Fur Seal Islands, Russian: Kotovi) are a group of four volcanic islands, part of Alaska, lying in the Bering Sea, about 200 miles north of Unalaska and 200 miles south of Cape Newenham, the nearest point on the North American mainland.
Under the Fur Seal Act of 1966, hunting of these seals is forbidden in the Pribilof Islands with the exception of subsistence hunting by Indians, Aleuts, and Eskimos who live on the islands.
The Pribilof Islands are widely known as a birdwatching paradise, home to many birds that are not observed anywhere else in North America.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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