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Encyclopedia > Preston
City of Preston

Shown within Lancashire
Geography
Grid reference: SD534290
Status: City (2002)
Region: North West England
Admin. County: Lancashire
Area:
- Total
Ranked 215th
142.22 km²
Admin. HQ: Preston
ONS code: 30UK
Postcode: PR1-PR3, PR11
Demographics
Population:
- Total (2006 est.)
- Density
Ranked 140th
132,000
928 / km²
Ethnicity: 85.5% White
11.6% S.Asian
1.34% Mixed Race
1.0% Black British
Politics

Preston City Council
http://www.preston.gov.uk/
Leadership: Leader & Cabinet
Executive: Conservative (council NOC)
MPs: Nigel Evans, Mark Hendrick, Michael Jack

Preston, a city and local government district in Lancashire, England, is located on the River Ribble. Preston was granted the status of a city in 2002,[1] becoming England's 50th city in the 50th year of Queen Elizabeth II's reign. Preston is the name of a number of people and places in the world: // Preston, Victoria Preston, Nova Scotia Preston, Ontario: now part of the city of Cambridge. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1802x2589, 189 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Lancashire is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in the North West of England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... North West England is one of the nine regions of England. ... Lancashire is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in the North West of England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea. ... Area is the measure of how much exposed area any two dimensional object has. ... This is a list of districts of England ordered by area. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... The Office for National Statistics coding system is a hierarchical code used in the United Kingdom for tabulating census and other statistical data. ... The PR postcode area, also known as the Preston postcode area[1], is a group of postal districts around Chorley, Leyland, Preston and Southport in England. ... For other uses, see Density (disambiguation). ... The figures are mid-year estimates for 2005, unless otherwise stated, from the Office for National Statistics [1]. See also: List of towns and cities in England by population - List of English counties by population - List of ceremonial counties of England by population - List of English districts by area - List... Arms of Preston Borough Council. ... The United Kingdom is divided into four parts, England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... NOC can refer to: National Olympic Committee, a group eligible to enter athletes and teams into an Olympic Games. ... This is a list of MPs elected in the UK general election, 2005 to the House of Commons for the Fifty-Fourth Parliament of the United Kingdom at the United Kingdom general election, 2005, arranged by constituency. ... Nigel Martin Evans (born November 10, 1957) British politician. ... Mark Phillip Hendrick (born 2 November 1958, Salford) is a politician in the United Kingdom. ... The Right Honourable John Michael Jack (born September 17, 1946) is a Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom. ... Historically, city status in England and Wales was associated with the presence of a cathedral, such as York Minster. ... Non-metropolitan districts or commonly Shire districts are a type of local government district in England. ... Lancashire is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in the North West of England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The River Ribble at Ribchester The River Ribble is a river that runs through North Yorkshire and Lancashire, in the North of England. ... Historically, city status in England and Wales was associated with the presence of a cathedral, such as York Minster. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ...


With Chorley and Leyland, Preston forms part of a conurbation. According to the 2001 census, it had an overall population of 335,000. Of this, 184,836 lived in the Preston urban sub-area: the figure for those living within the city limits is lower at around 130,000.[2] , Chorley Library Chorley is a market town in Lancashire, England, south of Preston and at the foot of the West Pennine Moors and home to the Chorley cake. ... Leyland is a town in the borough of South Ribble, Lancashire, United Kingdom, approximately 6 miles south of Preston. ... A conurbation is an urban area comprising a number of cities, towns and villages which, through population growth and expansion, have physically merged to form one continuous built up area. ...


Preston City Council is seeking to form a unitary authority, independent from Lancashire County Council, under the recent Local Government White Paper.[3] A unitary authority is a type of local authority, which has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area. ... There is no single system of local government in the United Kingdom. ...

Contents

History

Early development

During the Roman period, the road from the Setantian port of Neb of the Nese passed one mile north of Preston. At Tulketh Hall in Preston, that road intersected the road from Languavallium in Cumberland to Condate in Cheshire. Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ...


In Ripon in 705 AD the lands near the River Ribble were set on a new foundation, and the parish church was probably erected. Later, Edward the Elder passed the lands to cathedral at York and then from successive transfers the lands were passed round between churches, hence the name Priest's Town or Preston. An alternative explanation of the origin of the name is that the Priest's Town refers to a priory set up by St. Wilfrid near the Ribble's lowest ford. This idea is reinforced by similarity of Preston's crest bearing a lamb with St. Wilfrid's banner (Walsh and Butler 1992). Ripon is a small cathedral city in North Yorkshire, England. ... The River Ribble at Ribchester The River Ribble is a river that runs through North Yorkshire and Lancashire, in the North of England. ... York shown within England Coordinates: , Sovereign state Constituent country Region Yorkshire and the Humber Ceremonial county North Yorkshire Admin HQ York City Centre Founded 71 City Status 71 Government  - Type Unitary Authority, City  - Governing body City of York Council  - Leadership: Leader & Executive  - Executive: Liberal Democrat  - MPs: Hugh Bayley (L) John... Wilfrid (c. ...


Guild Merchant

The right to hold a Guild Merchant was conferred upon the Burgesses of Preston by a charter of 1179; the associated Preston Guild is a civic celebration held every 20 years, with the next due to be held in 2012.


Such a celebration had been held from time to time, but at the one in 1328 it was decreed that the Guild should be held every twenty years. There were breaks in this pattern for various reasons, but an unbroken series of them were held from 1542 to 1922. The 400 year sequence was broken due to World War II, but resumed in 1952. The expression '(Once) every Preston Guild', meaning 'very infrequently', has passed into fairly common use, especially in Lancashire.


As well as concerts and other exhibitions, the main event is a series of processions through the city. There are also numerous street parties held in and around Preston.


In 1952 the emphasis was the bright new world awaiting us all after World War II. The major event held in Avenham Park had every school participating, and hundreds of children, from toddlers to teenagers, demonstrated different aspects of physical education in the natural amphitheatre of the park.


In the mid-12th century, Preston was in the hundred of Amounderness, in the deanery of Amounderness and the archdeaconry of Richmond. The name of Amounderness is more ancient than the name of any other Wapentake or hundred in the County of Lancashire, and the fort at Tulketh, strengthened by William the Conqueror, shows that the strategic importance of the area was appreciated even then.[4] The location of the city, almost exactly mid-way between Glasgow and London, led to many decisive battles being fought here, most notably during the English Civil War (1643), and the first Jacobite rebellion, brought to a conclusion by the defeat of the Jacobite army at the Battle of Preston (1715). Amounderness (Andernes in ancient times) is an area of England. ... The town of Richmond as seen from the top of the keep of Richmond Castle Richmond is a market town on the River Swale in North Yorkshire, UK and is the administrative centre of the district of Richmondshire. ... For other uses, see English Civil War (disambiguation). ... Charles Edward Stuart, Bonnie Prince Charlie, wearing the Jacobite blue bonnet Jacobitism was (and, to a very limited extent, remains) the political movement dedicated to the restoration of the Stuart kings to the thrones of England and Scotland. ... The Battle of Preston (9 November–14 November 1715), also referred to as the Preston Fight, was fought during the Jacobite Rising of 1715 (often referred to as the First Jacobite Rising, or Rebellion by supporters of the Hanoverian government). ...


Served by the River Ribble, Preston was one of the principal ports of Lancashire. King Charles I demanded a quarter more ship money than from Lancaster and twice as much as from Liverpool. Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was King of England, King of Scotland and King of Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649. ... For other uses, see Liverpool (disambiguation). ...


Industrial Revolution

The 19th century saw a transformation in Preston from a small market town to a much larger industrial one, as the innovations of the latter half of the previous century such as Richard Arkwright's water frame (invented in Preston) brought cotton mills to many northern English towns. With industrialisation came examples of both oppression and enlightenment. Richard Arkwright Sir Richard Arkwright, born (23 December 1732 – 3 August 1792) to Ellen and Thomas Arkwright, was an Englishman credited for inventing the spinning frame — later renamed the water frame following the transition to water power. ... The water frame is an extension of the spinning frame; both of which are credited to Richard Arkwright. ...


The town's forward-looking spirit is typified by it being the first English town outside London to be lit by gas. The Preston Gas Company was established in 1815 by, amongst others, a Catholic priest: Fr. Joseph "Daddy" Dunn of the Society of Jesus. Seal of the Society of Jesus. ...


The more oppressive side of industrialisation was seen on Saturday 13 August 1842, when a group of cotton workers demonstrated against the poor conditions in the town's mills. The Riot Act was read and armed troops corralled the demonstrators in front of the Corn Exchange on Lune Street. Shots were fired and four of the demonstrators were killed. A commemorative sculpture now stands on the spot (although the soldiers and demonstrators represented are facing the wrong way). In the 1850s, Karl Marx visited Preston and later described the town as "the next St. Petersburg".[5] For the album by Pearl Jam see Riot Act (album). ... Karl Heinrich Marx (May 5, 1818 – March 14, 1883) was a 19th century philosopher, political economist, and revolutionary. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and...


The Preston Temperance Society, led by Joseph Livesey pioneered the Temperance Movement in the 19th century. Indeed the term teetotalism is believed to have been coined at one of its meetings. The website of the University of Central Lancashire library has a great deal of information on Joseph Livesey and the Temperance Movement in Preston.[6] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The University of Central Lancashire (or UCLan) is a university based in Preston, UK, with additional campuses in Carlisle and Penrith. ...


Preston was one of only a few industrial towns in Lancashire to have a functioning corporation (local council) in 1835, its charter dating to 1685, and was reformed as a municipal borough by the Municipal Corporations Act 1835. It became a county borough under the Local Government Act 1888. In 1974, county boroughs were abolished, and it became the larger part of the new non-metropolitan district of Preston in Lancashire, also including Fulwood, Lancashire and part of Preston Rural District. A borough is a political division originally used in England. ... The Municipal Reform Act 1835 required members of town councils (municipal corporations) to be elected by ratepayers and councils to publish their financial accounts. ... County borough was a term introduced in 1889 in the United Kingdom to refer to a borough or a city independent of county administration. ... The Local Government Act 1888 (51 & 52 Vict. ... Fulwood is a suburb in the city of Preston in Lancashire, England, about two miles north of the city centre. ... Preston was a rural district in Lancashire, England from 1894 to 1974. ...


Geography

Physical geography

The River Ribble borders the city. The Forest of Bowland forms a backdrop to Preston. The River Ribble at Ribchester The River Ribble is a river that runs through North Yorkshire and Lancashire, in the North of England. ... The Hills in the Forest of Bowland The area known as the Forest of Bowland occupies most of the north east of the county of Lancashire in England. ...


Areas and Estates

Adelphi, Ashton-on-Ribble, Avenham, Barton, Broadgate, Brockholes, Brookfield, Broughton, Cadley, Callon, Cottam, Deepdale, Farringdon Park, Fishwick, Frenchwood, Fulwood, Goosnargh, Grange, Greenlands, Grimsargh, Haighton, Holme Slack, Ingol, Ladyewell, Larches, Lea, Longsands, Maudlands, Moor Nook, Moor Park, Nooklands, Plungington, Ribbleton, Riversway, Savick, St. Matthews, Sharoe Green, Sherwood, Tanterton, Tulketh, Whittingham, Woodplumpton, Wychnor. Ashton-on-Ribble is a village outside Preston, Lancashire, England. ... Avenham is an area of the city of Preston, Lancashire, England. ... Barton is a linear village and civil parish in the City of Preston district of Lancashire, England. ... Brookfield is a suburb and ward of the city of Preston, in Lancashire, England. ... Broughton is a village and civil parish in the Preston district of Lancashire, England, about four miles north of Preston city centre. ... , Cadley is the name of a largely residential suburban area of Preston, Lancashire. ... Lea (pronounced Leah, IPA: ) and Cottam are suburbs of the city of Preston in Lancashire, England. ... Fulwood is a suburb in the city of Preston in Lancashire, England, about two miles north of the city centre. ... Goosnargh Goosnargh is a Betelgeusian word used in Douglas Adams Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy book, So Long, and Thanks For All the Fish. ... Map sources for Grimsargh at grid reference SD585345 Grimsargh is a village to the east of Preston in Lancashire, England. ... Haighton is a civil parish[1] in the city of Preston, in Lancashire, England. ... Lea and Cottam are suburbs of the city of Preston in Lancashire, England. ... Moor Park is large park (approx 2 miles perimeter) to the north of Preston, Lancashire. ... Plungington is a district of Preston, Lancashire, UK, to the west of the city centre. ... Ribbleton is a suburb and ward of the city of Preston, in Lancashire, England. ... Whittingham is a village in Preston Lancashire. ... , Woodplumpton is a village in England, five miles north of Preston, Lancashire. ...


Out of city Areas/Towns

Unlike other towns and cities Preston's city centre is on the city's southern border with the South Ribble borough. This means that some of the areas and towns associated with Preston are not actually in the city itself but in neighbouring boroughs. Listed below are towns and villages which, while associated with Preston, do not belong to the city boundaries. South Ribble is a local government district and borough in Lancashire, England. ...


Bamber Bridge, Coupe Green, Gregson Lane, Higher Walton, Hutton, Penwortham, Leyland, Longridge, Longton, Lostock Hall, Much Hoole, Middleforth, New Longton, Walton-le-Dale. // Bamber Bridge is a village to the south of Preston, Lancashire, England. ... , Coupe Green or Coup Green is a village in Lancashire, England. ... , Gregson Lane is a village in Lancashire, England. ... , Higher Walton is a village in South Ribble, Lancashire, England. ... , Hutton is a village and civil parish in Lancashire, England. ... Penwortham is a small town on the South side of the River Ribble facing the city of Preston in Lancashire (UK). ... Leyland is a town in the South Ribble borough of Lancashire, England. ... Longridge is a small town in the borough of Ribble Valley in Lancashire, England, at the end of Longridge Fell, a long ridge above the River Ribble and is situated several miles north-east of the city of Preston. ... Longton is a small rural community in the west of the borough of South Ribble, Lancashire about 5 km south west of Preston. ... Lostock Hall is a small village in Lancashire to the south of Preston and to the north of Farington. ... Much Hoole is a small village on the outskirts of Preston, Lancashire. ... Penwortham is a small town on the South side of the River Ribble facing the city of Preston in Lancashire (UK). ... New Longton is a village located to the South West of Preston in the county of Lancashire. ... Walton-Le-Dale is a primarily residential suburb of the city of Preston, Lancashire, England. ...


Civic geography

The southern part of the district is mostly urbanised but the northern part is quite rural. The current borders came into effect on April 1, 1974, when the Local Government Act 1972 merged the existing County Borough of Preston with Fulwood Urban District and part of Preston Rural District. Preston was designated as part of the Central Lancashire new town in 1970. The former Preston Rural District part of the district is divided into a number of civil parishes: is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... The Local Government Act 1972 (1972 c. ... County borough was a term introduced in 1889 in the United Kingdom to refer to a borough or a city independent of county administration. ... Fulwood is a suburb in the city of Preston in Lancashire, England, about two miles north of the city centre. ... In the British Isles an urban district was a type of local government district which covered an urbanised area. ... Preston was a rural district in Lancashire, England from 1894 to 1974. ... Central Lancashire was a designated new town in England. ... A civil parish (usually just parish) in England is a subnational entity forming the lowest unit of local government, lower than districts or counties. ...

Barton is a linear village and civil parish in the City of Preston district of Lancashire, England. ... Broughton-in-Amounderness is a civil parish in Preston, Lancashire. ... Goosnargh Goosnargh is a Betelgeusian word used in Douglas Adams Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy book, So Long, and Thanks For All the Fish. ... Map sources for Grimsargh at grid reference SD585345 Grimsargh is a village to the east of Preston in Lancashire, England. ... Haighton is a civil parish[1] in the city of Preston, in Lancashire, England. ... Lea and Cottam are suburbs of the city of Preston in Lancashire, England. ... Whittingham is a village in Preston Lancashire. ... , Woodplumpton is a village in England, five miles north of Preston, Lancashire. ...

Electoral arrangements

Preston City Council is elected "by thirds", which means one councillor from each of the three-member wards are elected every year, with those representing 2-member wards being elected in alternative years.


The Council is now under Conservative control after 26 years of Labour rule. The 2007 local election results allowed the Conservatives to take control through a hung council with the support of the Liberal Democrats. Although only one seat ahead of Labour in Preston, the Conservatives gained 11,826 votes to Labours 8,659. This swing of power reflects the neighbouring council of South Ribble now also under Conservative control.

Entering the city centre from Fylde Road

Recent electoral results in Preston can be found at Preston local elections. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... One third of Preston Council is elected each year, followed by one year without election. ...


The city of Preston is currently divided into three Westminster constituencies, which will be altered in size and shape when proposed boundary changes are implemented for the next United Kingdom general election. Under the provisions of the Parliament Acts of 1911 and 1949, the next United Kingdom general election must be held on or before 3 June 2010, barring exceptional circumstances. ...


Currently the three constituencies are: Preston, Ribble Valley, and Fylde. When the proposed boundary changes are implemented, the city will continue to be divided between Preston, and Fylde seats, whilst the northern quarters will be placed within Wyre and Preston North. Preston is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Ribble Valley is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Fylde is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Wyre and Preston North is to be a constituency in the United Kingdom House of Commons. ...


Historically, Preston was divided into such constituencies as Preston North, Preston South, and Fylde South Preston North was a parliamentary constituency in Lancashire, electing a Member of Parliament to the House of Commons until the 1983 General Election. ... Preston South was a parliamentary constituency in the city of Preston in Lancashire. ... Fylde South was a constituency which returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1950, until it was abolished for the 1983 general election. ...


Demographics

According to the 2001 Census 71.5% people were Christians (many Catholics), 9.8% had no religion and 8.2% were Muslims.[7] The majority were Gujarati Muslims with strains of Soorti Burmese Muslims, one of the only places in the whole of UK that Burmese peoples are found. Numbers of Punjabi Muslims are smaller. The Hindu and Sikh populations are smaller at 2.6% and 0.6% respectively but in both cases this represents the highest percentage of any local authority area in the North West. 1.8% of the city's population were born in other EU countries. Preston is said to be the most Catholic city in England.[citation needed] Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ...


Although still small in numbers in Preston the Mormons, officially known as members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, or LDS for short, maintain a large profile. Preston, and more particularly the small towns along the river Ribble, is where the first LDS missioniaries to Great Britain started preaching, as early as 1837. Preston is the home of the world's oldest continuous branch (a small congregation) of the Mormon Church.[8] In 1998 the LDS erected a large temple near to Preston that was described in the Telegraph newspaper as spectacular.[9] The temple is offically known as the Preston England Temple. This article is about the history and use of the word Mormon. For information about the religious beliefs and culture of Mormons, see Mormonism. ... For other uses, see Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (disambiguation). ... The Preston England Temple is the 52nd operating temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. ...


Landmarks

Preston's premier landmark is probably St Walburge's Church designed by Joseph Hansom of Hansom Cab fame and which has, at 94 metres, the tallest spire in England on a church that is not a cathedral.[10] There are still many notable buildings dotted in and around the city centre. For example, the Miller Arcade, the Town Hall, the Harris Building, St. John's Minster, the former Corn Exchange, Fishergate Baptist Church and many beautiful Georgian buildings at Winckley Square. Taj Mahal Big Ben Saint Basils Cathedral Azadi Square in Tehran For other senses of this word, see landmark (disambiguation). ... St Walburges Church across the river Ribble. ... A Hansom cab. ... A Hansom cab adding character to the filming of a costume drama. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... For the architectural structure, see Church (building). ... For other uses, see Cathedral (disambiguation). ... In English usage a Minster is a grand type of church; the term may be extended to apply to a cathedral, such as York Minster and Southwell Minster. ...


Museums

The Harris The Harris Museum is a Grade I listed museum building in Preston and has the largest gallery space in Lancashire, England. ... The National Football Museum is a museum in England, founded to preserve, conserve and interpret several important collections of association football memorabilia. ... The Museum of Lancashire is housed in an old courthouse in Preston, Lancashire. ... The Queens Lancashire Regiment Museum, in Preston, England, is the largest Regimental archive and the premier centre for military historical research in the North West of England. ... The Ribble Steam Railway, located on Preston Docks, is a recently formed project, which opened to the public in September 2005. ...

Parks

Winckley Square is situated in the centre of Preston, Lancashire, between Avenham Park and Fishergate. ... Miller park fountain Miller Park, Preston is a public parkland and gardens located on the banks of the river Ribble in Preston, Lancashire in north west England. ... Avenham Parks Japanese garden Avenham Park is a public park in the centre of Preston (England), managed by Preston City Council. ... Moor Park is large park (approx 2 miles perimeter) to the north of Preston, Lancashire. ... Ashton Park is situated in Ashton-on-Ribble to the west of Preston, Lancashire, England. ...

Economy

Preston is a major centre of the defence aerospace industry with two of BAE Systems major military assembly facilities being located at either end of the city. , BAE Systems plc (BAE) is a British defence and aerospace company headquartered at Farnborough, UK, which has worldwide interests, particularly in North America through its subsidiary BAE Systems Inc. ...

A Typhoon, which is assembled at BAE Warton to the west of the city

Also having a strong presence in the city is the brewing business with Inbev having several breweries located in the area. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (880x702, 311 KB) Typhoon T1 ZJ808 of No. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (880x702, 311 KB) Typhoon T1 ZJ808 of No. ... This article is about a fighter aircraft. ... Warton is a village in the English county of Lancashire, approximately six miles from Preston and eight from Blackpool. ... InBev (Euronext: INB, NYSE: ABV) is the largest beer company in the industry. ...


The city is home to Alstom Transport's main UK spare parts distribution centre which is located on Strand Road. Matalan Retail PLC was also founded in Preston. Although the head office of Matalan moved to Skelmersdale in 1998, the city still has the tax office for the company (located in Winckley Square). Plumbs Ltd founded in the 1950s is still a family run business employing over 300 people at its Preston base. Alstom (formerly GEC-Alsthom) (Euronext: ALO) is a large French company whose businesses are power generation, railway signalling; and manufacturing trains (e. ... Matalan is a discount clothing and homeware store in the United Kingdom. ... Winckley Square is situated in the centre of Preston, Lancashire, between Avenham Park and Fishergate. ... // Plumbs was founded in the 1950s by Thomas and Bernice Plumb, initially as a market business. ...


Convenience Store chain operator James Hall and Co who supply SPAR stores in the north of England have their head office located in the Ribbleton district, although it is soon to be moved to a new building in the Bluebell Way area of the city, which would be the biggest building in the city.[citations needed] The financial sector also has a large presence in the city with a large selection of consultancies, insurance and law firms including national debt collection agency Legal & Trade based in Winckley Square in the city centre. This article is about the convenience store. ...


Preston is the home of Airline network - the consumer brand of Gold Medal Travel - one of the UK's largest travel companies.[citations needed] Airline Network Established in Airline Network is one of the UKs leading independent travel companies, and is the consumer brand of Gold Medal Travel. ...


On the 20th February 2006 mobile phone retailer The Carphone Warehouse took over Tulketh Mill (formerly the home of the Littlewoods catalogue call centre) a listed building in the Ashton-on-Ribble area of the city. The building has undergone an extensive redevelopment of the interior and is now the workplace of some 800 employees (as of 3rd March 2007). The main purpose of the site is a call centre for its broadband and landline service TalkTalk as well as its LLU company Opal Telecom. It was officially opened on 19th December 2006 by CEO Charles Dunstone and the Mayor Of Preston. The Carphone Warehouse Group PLC (LSE: CPW), known as The Carphone Warehouse, is Europes largest independent mobile phone retailer, with over 1,700 stores across Europe. ... This article is about the former company. ... Ashton-on-Ribble is a village outside Preston, Lancashire, England. ... TalkTalk is the consumer telephone business of The Carphone Warehouse Group plc. ... Charles Dunstone (born 21 November 1964) is the CEO and co-founder of mobile phone retailer Carphone Warehouse. ...


Preston is also home to the large "new business" department of finance broker loans.co.uk and took over New City House when Norwich Union moved its call centre to India.


Retail is also a major contributor to Preston's economy. The city houses two major shopping centres

  • The Fishergate Centre - which boasts a large Debenhams department store, Primark, TK Maxx, Argos and T.J. Hughes stores and is due a £37 million extension in 2007 known as FG2
  • The Mall (formerly St. George's) - a popular centrally located shopping mall undergoing a multi-million pound redevelopment as of 2006.
  • The Miller Arcade is a specialist shopping centre which is a listed building and former public baths situated next to the Harris Museum

Preston's main high streets are Fishergate and Friargate which offer shops, bars and restaurants with many more tucked away down the side streets. Debenhams plc (LSE: DEB) is a retailer with a chain of department stores based in the United Kingdom, and franchised stores in a number of other countries. ... Penneys redirects here. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the city in Greece. ... TJ Hughes is a discount department store company founded in 1912 in Liverpool, England. ... The Harris The Harris Museum is a Grade I listed museum building in Preston and has the largest gallery space in Lancashire, England. ...


A £450 million regeneration project known as the Tithebarn Project is also planned for Preston. The project is being managed by property giant Grosvenor and is dependent upon a number of requirements (such as the re-location of the current Bus Station). The Tithebarn redevelopment project is a planned £650 million regeneration initiative, planned by Preston City Council and managed by property giant Grosvenor. ... Preston Bus Station is the central bus terminus in the British city of Preston. ...


Since city status was awarded, Preston has been targeted by a number of developers. Residential developments are particularly popular with new apartments planned in and around the city centre. Office and hotel space is also in demand and a new Central Business District is being planned as well as a number of new hotels.


Transport

Road

The Preston by-pass, opened 5 December 1958, became the first stretch of motorway in the UK and is now part of the M6 with a short section now forming part of the M55. It was built to ease traffic congestion in Preston caused by tourists travelling to the popular destinations of Blackpool and The Lake District. In the 1980s, a motorway running around the west of the city which would have been an extension of the M65 running to the M55 was started but never finished. That is the reason that the M55 has no junction 2, because it was reserved for the new western bypass. However, the existing M6 between junctions 30 and 32 was widened extensively between 1993-95 to compensate for this. A new junction, 31A was opened in 1997 to serve a new business park close to the motorway. As well as the M6 (North and South), there are 3 other motorways which terminate close to the city - is the 339th day of the year (340th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan. ... Motorway symbol in UK, France and Ireland. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The M55 motorway is a motorway in Lancashire, England. ... This article is about the town in England. ... The panorama across Eskdale from Ill Crag. ... The M65 motorway is a major road in England. ... The M55 motorway is a motorway in Lancashire, England. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

  • M61 - Preston to Manchester via Chorley and Bolton
  • M65 - Preston to Colne via Blackburn, Accrington and Burnley
  • M55 - Preston to Blackpool via Kirkham
Preston railway station

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 465 KB) Photograph of Preston Railway Station, Lancashire: depicts station front. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 465 KB) Photograph of Preston Railway Station, Lancashire: depicts station front. ...

Rail

Preston Railway Station is a major stop on the West Coast Main Line, with regular long distance train services to London (Euston) and the South East, and Glasgow to the North. Preston is also a hub for connecting rail services in the North West, with direct services to Blackpool, Lancaster, Blackburn, Bradford, Leeds, Wigan, Bolton, Manchester and Liverpool. Preston Railway Station in Preston, Lancashire is on the West Coast Main Line. ... The WCML running alongside the M1 motorway at Watford Gap in Northamptonshire A Virgin Pendolino and freight train on the WCML The West Coast Main Line (WCML) is one of the most important intercity railway lines in the United Kingdom, part of the British railway system. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Euston station, also known as London Euston, is a major railway station to the north of central London in the London Borough of Camden. ... For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation). ... This article is about the town in England. ... Lancaster is a city within Lancashire, in North West England. ... This article is about the town in Lancashire, England. ... For other uses, see Bradford (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Leeds (disambiguation) and Leeds City (disambiguation). ... , Wigan is a town in Greater Manchester, England. ... For the larger local government district, see Metropolitan Borough of Bolton. ... This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... For other uses, see Liverpool (disambiguation). ...


Water

The former Preston Port has been the site of an expanding commercial and residential complex since 1988. Known as Riversway or The Docks, it is the biggest man-made marina in the UK , with 40 acres of deep water at all states of the tide.[citations needed] The Dock is no longer used for commercial shipping, is too small a space to cruise on and because of an infestation of blue-green algae (which gives the water a deep green colouration and the surrounding area a pungent smell depending on the how bad the water is at the time) it is not safe for dinghy sailing.


The Marina is just north of the River Ribble which enters into the east of the Irish Sea. This marina has its own chandlery and coffee shop, training courses and boat sales Relief map of the Irish Sea. ...


There are multi-million pound plans to redevelop Preston's Docks (as well as large sections of the River Ribble running through the city) to introduce lesiure facilities (ie watersports), new landmark buildings, a new central park opposite Avenham Park, office and retail space, new residential developments and the re-opening of some of Preston's old canals. However, these plans, collectively known as Riverworks, have yet to undergo public consultation, and have already raised concerns amongst locals due to the potential loss of green space and increased risk of flooding[11][12]. Avenham Parks Japanese garden Avenham Park is a public park in the centre of Preston (England), managed by Preston City Council. ...


Bus

Although lacking any rail based rapid transit network, Preston has a very comprehensive bus network. The 3 main local operators are:

  • Preston Bus - Serving Preston Borough and Penwortham
  • Stagecoach in Lancashire (formerly Stagecoach Ribble) - serving most areas outside the borough, particular emphasis on Walton-le-Dale, Penwortham/Longton and Longridge
  • John Fishwick & Sons - providing frequent services into the city centre for Lower Penwortham, Lostock Hall, Leyland, Euxton and Chorley

Preston is also served by many national bus services. Stagecoach Express, National Express, Eurolines, and Megabus all have a large presence at Preston Bus Station. Preston was one of the first cities in the UK to have its bus network fitted with Realtime, a satellite based technology fitted to every bus stop which aims to provide an accurate time and destination of the next bus arriving using GPS tracking. This service was initially restricted to all services within the borough, however, it has now been expanded to cover Fishwick's 111 City Centre/Leyland route due to its popularity. Preston Bus is an independent bus operator running within the City of Preston and into the surrounding area. ... Stagecoach in Switzerland A stagecoach is a type of four-wheeled enclosed passenger and/or mail coach, strongly sprung and drawn by four horses, widely used before the introduction of railway transport. ... Preston Bus Station is the central bus terminus in the British city of Preston. ...


Preston Bus Station is one of the largest in Europe[citation needed]. Despite its impressive size, the building has proved very controversial[citation needed]. Preston Bus Station is the central bus terminus in the British city of Preston. ...


Air

Although not a public airport; Warton Aerodrome is an active airfield west of the city and is the airfield for the BAE Warton factory. BAE Samlesbury to the east of the town is a former active aerodrome but today it serves as a facility for BAE Systems Warton Aerodrome (IATA: N/A, ICAO: EGNO) is located near to Warton village on the Fylde peninsula in Lancashire, England. ... BAE Samlesbury is a BAE Systems aerospace facility on the outskirts of Blackburn, Lancashire, England. ... , BAE Systems plc (BAE) is a British defence and aerospace company headquartered at Farnborough, UK, which has worldwide interests, particularly in North America through its subsidiary BAE Systems Inc. ...

Blackpool International Airport is located only 20 miles west from the city.
Manchester Airport is a large international airport about 40 miles south-east of the city.

Destinations poster in the public hall Blackpool International Airport (IATA: BLK, ICAO: EGNH) is a small international airport, 2. ... For City Airport Manchester, UK, see City Airport Manchester. ...

Tram

A new system of tramlines has been proposed for the city to support the bid to become the third city of the North West. The trams would link the inner city areas as well as Leyland, Penwortham and the nearby town of Chorley. The tramlines are a long term goal and if the plans go through the city will not see the tramlines until 2020 at the earliest.[citation needed] Leyland is a town in the borough of South Ribble, Lancashire, United Kingdom, approximately 6 miles south of Preston. ... Penwortham is a small town on the South side of the River Ribble facing the city of Preston in Lancashire (UK). ... , Chorley Library Chorley is a market town in Lancashire, England, south of Preston and at the foot of the West Pennine Moors and home to the Chorley cake. ...


Education

The city is home to the University of Central Lancashire. Formerly known as Preston Polytechnic, "UCLan" is now the sixth largest university in the country. The university currently has over 33,000 students.[13] As well as the university, the Preston area is home to many other higher and further education institutes: The University of Central Lancashire (or UCLan) is a university based in Preston, UK, with additional campuses in Carlisle and Penrith. ... The term polytechnic, from the Greek πολύ polú meaning many and τεχνικός tekhnikós meaning arts, is commonly used in many countries to describe an institution that delivers vocational or technical education and training, other countries do not use the term and use alternative terminology. ...

  • Preston College - Based in Fulwood with 2 campuses near the RPH and Moor Park. Specialising in A levels, vocational courses and adult courses. Also has COVE (Centre of Vocational Excellence) status in Retail.
  • Cardinal Newman College - Based on a single campus in Avenham, close to the city centre.
  • TUC Education Unit - Based at Buckingham House, Preston city centre
  • Royal Preston Hospital - A teaching hospital, with a proportion of medical students from the University of Manchester based here for their clinical training.
  • Runshaw College - Based south of the city in Leyland.
  • Myerscough College - Agricultural college based just north of the city in Bilsborrow but named after neighbouring village Myerscough.

Preston College is a Further Education college in the city of Preston, Lancashire, United Kingdom. ... Fulwood is a suburb in the city of Preston in Lancashire, England, about two miles north of the city centre. ... Moor Park is large park (approx 2 miles perimeter) to the north of Preston, Lancashire. ... Cardinal Newman College is a Catholic sixth form college based in Avenham, Preston. ... Avenham is an area of the city of Preston, Lancashire, England. ... Lancashire Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust is one of the United Kingdoms thirty-two NHS Foundation Trusts. ... Affiliations Russell Group, EUA, N8 Group, NWUA, Worldwide Universities Network (WUN) Website http://www. ... Runshaw College is a further and higher education college based in Leyland, Lancashire in the United Kingdom. ... Leyland is a town in the South Ribble borough of Lancashire, England. ... Built on the site of the old Myerscough Hall [1], some six miles north of Preston, Myerscough College[2] is a land-based Higher and Further Education college dating back to the 19th century. ...

Media

Local Radio Stations

BBC Radio Lancashire is the BBC Local Radio service for the English county of Lancashire. ... 105. ... Frequency 1350 is a student radio station at the University of Central Lancashires Students Union in Lancashire, England, in the United Kingdom. ... Magic 999 [pronounced nine-ninety-nine] is an EMAP owned radio station based in Preston that broadcasts across Lancashire on 999 KHz MW, DAB digital radio, Telewest Broadband Digital channel 932 and online. ... Proud FM is a commercial radio station in the United Kingdom. ... Rock FM is a Commercial Radio station, which is owned by media company emap. ... Smooth FM is an Independent Local Radio station based in Salford, Greater Manchester. ...

Sport

Home of The Invicibles

Preston is famous for Preston North End F.C. (one of the founder members of the Football League and the first team to be crowned English football champions) and the National Football Museum, the home of English football heritage, currently located at Deepdale Football Ground. Deepdale is the oldest continuously-used professional soccer venue in the world. Dick, Kerr's Ladies are arguably the most famous early women's football team in Britain and called Preston home. Image File history File links Deepdale. ... Image File history File links Deepdale. ... Preston North End Football Club are an English professional football club located in the Deepdale area of the city of Preston, Lancashire, currently playing in the second tier of English league football, The Championship. ... The Football League is a league competition featuring professional football clubs from England and Wales, and is the oldest such competition in world football. ... The English football champions are the winners of the highest league in English football, which is currently the FA Premier League. ... The National Football Museum is a museum in Preston, England, founded to preserve, conserve and interpret several important collections of Association Football memorabilia. ... Deepdale is a stadium in Preston, England, the home of Preston North End F.C. and Englands National Football Museum. ... Dick, Kerrs Ladies is the most famous early Womens football (soccer) team. ... UEFA Womens Cup Final 2005 at Potsdam Womens association football is the most prominent team sport for women in many countries, and one of the few womens team sports with professional leagues. ...


The Preston Arena is used for cycle racing.


England Test Cricket all-rounder Andrew Flintoff is a Preston native. For the womens version of the game, see Womens Test cricket. ... An all-rounder is a cricket player who excels at both batting and bowling. ... Andrew Flintoff, MBE, (born 6 December 1977, Preston, Lancashire) is a cricketer who plays for Lancashire and England. ...


The Preston Mountaineering Club is based in the town and has been in existence for over 70 years. The Preston Mountaineering Club is one of the older clubs in the country and was founded in 1933 by a members from the Preston and Blackburn area. ...


Speedway racing, then known as Dirt Track Racing was staged at Farringdon Park. late 1920s, early 1930s. The team raced in the English Dirt Track League of 1929 and the Northern League of 1930 and 1931. The best known rider of the team was Joe "Iron Man" Abbott who went on to Test Match successes riding before the war for Belle Vue. After the war Joe appeared for Harringay and Bradford.


Religion

Christianity


Preston has a strong Christian (particularly Catholic) history and tradition. The word Preston derived from 'Priests town' and the Lamb on the city emblem is a Biblical image of Jesus Christ.


As well as mainstream denominations like Roman Catholicism and the Church of England, the city has seen a recent emergence of new evangelical churches.


Preston has a strong history for Free Methodism, as there are currently four Free Methodist churches in the area. The Free Methodist Church, so named for its rejection of monetary emphases within the 19th century Methodist Church, remains a denomination of broader Methodism. ...


Prestons Guild Hall also plays host to a large evangelical worship music event called 'Encounter' every year.


Islam


Hinduism


Mormonism


Other


Famous people

Preston has produced a fair share of well-known and notable people. For a basic list of these people, see Category:People from Preston, and for a more comprehensive list, see List of famous Prestonians. . ...


Twin cities/towns

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Almelo is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Kalisz (pronounce: [kaliʃ]) is a city in central Poland with 109,800 inhabitants (1995). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nîmes (Provençal Occitan: Nimes in both classical and Mistralian norms) is a city and commune of southern France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Recklinghausen is a city in the Ruhr Area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ...

Trivia

  • The first Kentucky Fried Chicken outlet in the UK was opened on Fishergate in Preston.
  • The first traffic cones were used in building Preston bypass in the late 1950s, replacing red lantern paraffin burners.
  • The parents of legendary American outlaw Butch Cassidy emigrated from Preston to escape religious persecution of their Mormon faith. It was said that, unlike Paul Newman's cinematic portrayal, Butch spoke with a thick Lancashire accent.
  • The town of 'Coketown' in Charles Dickens' book "Hard Times" is based on the city of Preston. In order to gain research for an 'industrial' novel, Dickens visited Preston in January 1854 during a strike by cotton workers that had by that stage lasted for 23 weeks. See also the 'Coketown'-inspired 'Cokeworth' in J. K. Rowling's book "Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone"...
  • Benjamin Franklin (one of the Founding Fathers of the USA) once owned a property on the site of a coffee bar in the city centre, on the corner of Cheapside and Friargate. A Blue Plaque on the wall of the building commemorates the spot.
  • The Teetotalism Movement was founded in Preston.
  • The last major battle on English soil was the Battle of Preston (1715)
  • Robert W. Service, the poet associated with the Yukon, was born in Preston and lived for a time on Winckley Street in the town centre. There is a Blue Plaque commemorating this.

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... KFC (full name Kentucky Fried Chicken) is a division of Yum! Brands, Inc. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Butch Cassidy (13 April 1866 - c. ... Dickens redirects here. ... Hard Times is a novel by Charles Dickens, first published in 1854. ... // Godrics Hollow Hogsmeade Azkaban St Mungos Hospital for Magical Maladies and Injuries Ministry of Magic The Burrow Number Twelve, Grimmauld Place Spinners End Shrieking Shack Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry Beauxbatons Academy of Magic Durmstrang Institute for Magical Study Diagon Alley Knockturn Alley Surrey Little Whinging... Joanne Jo Murray, née Rowling OBE[1] (born 31 July 1965),[2] who writes under the pen name J. K. Rowling,[3] is a British writer and author of the Harry Potter fantasy series. ... HP1 redirects here. ... Benjamin Franklin (January 17 [O.S. January 6] 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the most well known Founding Fathers of the United States. ... “Founders” redirects here. ... A blue plaque showing information about The Spanish Barn at Torre Abbey in Torquay. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Battle of Preston (9 November–14 November 1715), also referred to as the Preston Fight, was fought during the Jacobite Rising of 1715 (often referred to as the First Jacobite Rising, or Rebellion by supporters of the Hanoverian government). ... Robert W. Service Robert William Service (January 16, 1874 – September 11, 1958) was a poet and writer. ... A blue plaque showing information about The Spanish Barn at Torre Abbey in Torquay. ...

References

  1. ^ "'Proud Preston' wins city status", BBC News, 14 March 2002. URL accessed on 6 June 2006.
  2. ^ Census 2001: Preston, Office for National Statistics. URL accessed on 6 June 2006.
  3. ^ Councils Get Merger Deadlines Lancashire Evening Post. October 26, 2006.
  4. ^ http://www.manchester2002-uk.com/lancashire1.html
  5. ^ Karl Marx in the New York Daily Tribune 1854 (1854-08-01). Retrieved on 2006-09-20.
  6. ^ The Livesey Collection. Retrieved on 2006-09-20.
  7. ^ [http://www.statistics.gov.uk/census2001/profiles/30UK-A.asp Census 2001: Statistics. URL accessed on 6 June 2006.
  8. ^ Media Newsroom. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (2007). Retrieved on 2007-05-22.
  9. ^ [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/htmlContent.jhtml?html=/archive/1998/05/15/nmor15.html 15 May 1998 article "Mormons reveal secrets of the temple".
  10. ^ Guide to Preston. Retrieved on 2007-08-24.
  11. ^ Flood plain housing plan slammed. Lancashire Evening Post, June 30th 2007. Retrieved on 2007-07-01.
  12. ^ Save The Ribble. Retrieved on 2007-06-22.
  13. ^ "Pocket Facts"PDF (708 KiB), University of Central Lancashire. URL accessed on 6 June 2006.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 236th day of the year (237th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to...

See also

  • Sartin, S, 1988, The people and places of Historic Preston, Preston: Carnegie
  • Walsh, T and Butler, G., 1992, The Old Lamb and Flag, Preston: Carnegie
  • Other articles about Preston

External links

Coordinates: 53.75527° N 2.70824° W This article is about the country. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 372 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (663 × 1069 pixels, file size: 112 KB, MIME type: image/png) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... For other uses, see Aberdeen (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Dundee (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Edinburgh (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city in Scotland. ... Broad Street at the heart of Stirlings Old Town area (called Top of the Town by locals) Stirling Castle (Southwest aspect) The main courtyard inside Stirling Castle. ... This article is about the country. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 372 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (663 × 1069 pixels, file size: 113 KB, MIME type: image/png) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... , Bangor, in north Wales, is one of the smallest cities in the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the capital city of Wales. ... For other uses, see Newport (disambiguation). ... St Davids (Welsh: Tyddewi) is the smallest city in the United Kingdom, with a population of under 2,000 people. ... For other places with the same name, see Swansea (disambiguation). ... Northern Ireland (Irish: , Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a constituent country of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 372 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (663 × 1069 pixels, file size: 113 KB, MIME type: image/png) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... This article is about the city in Northern Ireland. ... For other places with similar names, see Derry (disambiguation) and Londonderry (disambiguation). ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 54. ... , Newry (from the Irish: Iúr Cinn Trá meaning The Yew Tree at the Head of the Strand, short form An tIúr, The Yew) is the fourth largest city in Northern Ireland and eighth on the island of Ireland. ... For the council, see Lisburn City Council. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Preston - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2275 words)
The Preston by-pass, opened 5 December 1958, became the first stretch of motorway in the UK and is now part of the M6 with a short section now forming part of the M55.
Preston was one of the first cities in the UK to have its bus network fitted with Realtime, a satellite based technology fitted to every bus stop which provides an accurate time and destination of the next bus arriving using GPS tracking.
Preston is famous for Preston North End F.C. (one of the founders of the F.A., one of the oldest Football League teams and the National Football Museum, the home of English football heritage (located at Deepdale football ground).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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