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Encyclopedia > Pressure point

For the use of pressure points in first aid, see Emergency bleeding control Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Minor traumatic bleeding from the head Emergency bleeding control is the steps or actions taken to control bleeding from a patient who has suffered a traumatic injury or who has a medical condition which has led to bleeding. ...



In the study of martial arts, practitioners do not focus just on increasing the "brute strength" of their strikes, but also on the target of their strikes to maximum the impact, and to achieve specific outcomes. There are several types of pressure points, each of which is applied differently, and each one creating different effects. Some of the principles are discussed below: Hawaiian State Grappling Championships. ...

Contents

Pain

Some points are painful because of the prevalence of nerves in the area. The body has a pain withdrawal reflex, whereby it reacts to pain by moving away from it. Martial artists make use of this sometimes without being aware of it. Applying pressure next to the collar bone, from above will cause the person to move downwards (away from the pain) whereas poking them in the gap between the jaw and neck (just below the ear) will make their body want to move upwards. Pressure to the shoulder causes that side of the body to move back. A jab to the abdomen in the middle of the stomach will cause some people to twist around violently away from the pain. A rub to the back down will cause the body to move forwards. Some points react more violently to pain from changes in the pressure (rubbing) rather than constant pressure. The pain withdrawal reflex is an involuntary action in which the body reacts to pain by trying to move itself away from the source of the pain, to reduce or even eliminate that pain. ... In anatomy, the clavicle or collar bone is a bone that makes up part of the shoulder girdle. ...


Pressure

The baroreceptor in the carotid artery is pressure-sensitive allowing the body to control the blood flow into the brain. Pressure against this region will "trick" the body into thinking that blood pressure is too high and thus will constrict and lower blood pressure—which can cause blackout. Striking veins and arteries can also cause them to shut or tear, both of which will definitely cause black-out and possible death if not treated immediately. Baroreceptors (or baroceptors) in the human body detect the pressure of blood flowing though them, and can send messages to the central nervous system to increase or decrease total peripheral resistance and cardiac output. ... In human anatomy, the carotid artery is a major artery of the head and neck. ...


Break

There are certain areas which are likely to lead to a break if struck properly. This includes the "loose rib", the philtrum and the top of the skull. the four floating ribs Four of the ribs (two pairs) in the ribcage are said to be floating ribs because they are attached to the vertebrae only, and not to the sternum or cartilage coming off of the sternum. ... The philtrum (Greek philtron, from philein, to love; to kiss) is the vertical groove in the upper lip, formed where the nasomedial and maxillary processes meet during embryonic development. ...


Hyper-Extension

There are joints that when struck, can be hyper-extended and even completely torn apart. This is a technique which can cause permanent damage and disfiguration to one's opponent usually focusing on the elbow and the knee. There are two types:

  • Brute force: This takes advantage of the vulnerability of the strike point, thereby causing the damage; and
  • Golgi organs: A relatively gentle strike to the Golgi tendon at the back of the elbow, for example, triggers a reflex which immediately relaxes that tendon allowing the elbow to bend more easily in the wrong direction. If this is immediately followed by a solid strike to the elbow joint, the elbow can be broken with significantly less effort than through brute force.

Organ of Golgi (neurotendinous spindle) from the human tendo calcaneus. ...

Brain shake

The brain is actually a very vulnerable organ, which is why it is encased in the skull. The brain floats in fluid (cerebral spinal fluid, CSF) and balances on a very flexible spine. Certain techniques can actually shake the brain in a way which causes black out. The most commonly taught technique involves a strike just below the occipital ridge, at the correct angle in the correct direction. Other areas that are susceptible to such techniques are the temples and the top of the skull. This article is about the biological unit. ... For other uses of Skull, see Skull (disambiguation). ... The vertebral column seen from the side Different regions (curvatures) of the vertebral column The vertebral column (backbone or spine) is a column of vertebrae situated in the dorsal aspect of the abdomen. ... Back of a human skeleton. ...


Energy

Some believe there are energy channels which flow around the body through acupuncture meridians, and an attack will impact the flows, and thus impact the body. This is called "chi", "ki" or "qi" in East Asian cultures and "Psi" in some western areas. Traditional Chinese medicine theory is based on the idea that specific pathway lines called meridians exist on the human body, along which are found many hundreds of acupressure points. Acupuncture is the most well known use of the meridian system. Pressing seizing or striking these points (or combinations of points) with specific intent and at certain angles can result in either heightening or diminishing qi circulation in the body, according to this theory. Acupuncture chart from Hua Shou (fl. ... The concept of meridians (Chinese: jing-luo 经络) arises from the techniques and doctrines of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), including acupuncture, acupressure, and qigong. ... For other uses, see QI (disambiguation). ... Traditional Chinese medicine shop in Tsim Sha Tsui, Hong Kong. ... Acupressure (a portmanteau of acupuncture and pressure) is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) technique based on the same ideas as acupuncture. ... Acupuncture chart from Hua Shou (fl. ... Chin Na or Qinna (擒拿, pinyin: qín ná, Wade-Giles: chin2 na2) is a Chinese term describing joint-manipulation techniques for self defense used in the Chinese martial arts. ... For other uses, see QI (disambiguation). ...


References


  Results from FactBites:
 
Pressure point - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (517 words)
Pressure on these points can generate nervous impulses in the case of a nerve, or can occlude blood flow through an artery in the case of blood vessels.
There are pressure points in the neck but these must be used by experts, the blood supply to the brain is delicate and can be disturbed if pressure is applied incorrectly.
The correct point is determined by finding a pulse on a casualty - this could be in the wrist, the arm, or the groin and is the position where a rhythmical pulsation can be felt - similar to that felt in the wrist when taking one's own pulse.
Pressure - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1196 words)
Pressure (symbol: p) is the force per unit area acting on a surface in a direction perpendicular to that surface.
The pressure of a moving fluid can be measured using a Pitot probe, or one of its variations such as a Kiel probe or Cobra probe, connected to a manometer.
Blood pressure is still measured in millimetres of mercury in most of the world, and lung pressures in centimeters of water are still common.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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