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Encyclopedia > Press baron
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A media proprietor is a person who controls, either through personal ownership or a dominant position in a public company, a significant part of the mass media. Media proprietors are commonly called "media moguls", "tycoons", barons", or "bosses". Jump to: navigation, search A public company is a company owned by the public. ... Jump to: navigation, search Mass media is a term used to denote, as a class, that section of the media specifically conceived and designed to reach a very large audience (typically at least as large as the whole population of a nation state). ... Jump to: navigation, search Mogul may mean: a bump in the snow in alpine skiing, a Mongolian the Mughal empire, or any member of its ruling dynasty by extension, any ruler or powerful person, such as a industrial mogul or media mogul a railroad steam locomotive type called the Mogul... A business magnate, sometimes referred to as a mogul or a tycoon, is a person who controls a large portion of a particular industry and whose wealth derives primarily from said control. ... Jump to: navigation, search Baron is a specific title of nobility or a more generic feudal qualification. ...


The figure of the media proprietor first became prominent in the 19th century with the development of mass circulation newspapers. In United Kingdom they included Lord Northcliffe, Lord Rothermere and Lord Beaverbrook, and were known as "press barons" since most of them were given peerages. In the United States the best known press tycoon was William Randolph Hearst. Alfred Charles William Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Northcliffe The Right Honourable Alfred Charles William Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Northcliffe (July 15, 1865, Dublin - August 14, 1922, London) was an influential and successful newspaper owner. ... Harold Sidney Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere (1868 - 1940) was a highly successful British newspaper proprietor, owner of Associated Newspapers. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Right Honourable Sir William Maxwell Max Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook, PC (May 25, 1879–June 9, 1964) was a Canadian–British business tycoon and politician. ... The Peerage is a system of titles of nobility which exists in the United Kingdom and is one part of the British honours system. ... Jump to: navigation, search William Randolph Hearst William Randolph Hearst (April 29, 1863 – August 14, 1951) was an American newspaper magnate, born in San Francisco, California. ...


In the 20th century the definition of proprietorship expanded to include ownership of radio and television networks, as well as film studios, publishing houses and more recently internet and other forms of multimedia companies. The term "press" baron was replaced by "media" baron, reflecting this. Some of the most prominent media proprietors of recent decades have been Rupert Murdoch, Robert Maxwell, Conrad Black, Silvio Berlusconi, Axel Springer and Ted Turner. Jump to: navigation, search Multimedia is the use of several different media to convey information (text, audio, graphics, animation, video, and interactivity). ... Jump to: navigation, search Rupert Murdoch Keith Rupert Murdoch (born March 11, 1931), is an Australian-born American media proprietor who is the majority shareholder and managing director of News Corporation, one of the worlds largest and most influential media corporations. ... Robert Maxwell Ian Robert Maxwell (June 10, 1923 – November 5, 1991), British media proprietor, rose from poverty to build a large publishing empire, but was revealed after his mysterious death to have been stealing from staff pension funds on a massive scale to prop up his ailing empire. ... The Honourable Conrad Moffat Black, Baron Black of Crossharbour PC , OC , MA , LL.D. (born August 25, 1944 in Montreal, Quebec), is a Canadian-born British biographer, financier and newspaper magnate. ... Jump to: navigation, search Silvio Berlusconi ▶(?) (born September 29, 1936) is the current Prime Minister of Italy. ... Axel Springer (d. ... Jump to: navigation, search This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


Media proprietors are frequently accused of using their positions to further political agendas, and some of them have in fact done so. The British press barons exercised personal control over their papers and used them to wage political campaigns, usually though not always in the interests of the Conservative Party. British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin once accused the London press of "exercising the prerogative of the harlot through the ages: power without responsibility." In recent years Rupert Murdoch has been frequently accused of abusing his media power to support such politicians as Ronald Reagan, Margaret Thatcher, John Howard and George W. Bush. In Italy Silvio Berlusconi used his almost total control of the country's commercial television system to make himself Prime Minister. In the United States, most media conglomerates are accused of being left-wing biased, while News Corporation is accused of being right-wing biased. The new logo of the Conservative Party The Conservative Party is the largest centre right political party in the United Kingdom. ... Stanley Baldwin, 1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley (August 3, 1867 - December 14, 1947) was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom on three separate occasions. ... Jump to: navigation, search Ronald Wilson Reagan, (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967–1975). ... Jump to: navigation, search The Right Honourable Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS (born 13 October 1925), is a British stateswoman. ... Jump to: navigation, search John Winston Howard (born 26 July 1939), Australian politician and 25th Prime Minister of Australia, came to office on 11 March 1996, and gained re-election in 1998, 2001 and 2004. ... Jump to: navigation, search George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States and a former Governor of the State of Texas. ... A media conglomerate describes companies that own large numbers of companies in various mass media such as television, radio, publishing, movies, and the Internet. ... In politics, left-wing, political left, leftism, or simply the left, are terms which refer (with no particular precision) to the segment of the political spectrum typically associated with any of several strains of socialism, social democracy, or liberalism (especially in the American sense of the word), or with opposition... News Corporation (abbreviated to News Corp) NYSE: NWS is one of the worlds largest media conglomerates. ... In politics, right-wing, the political right, or simply the right, are terms which refer, with no particular precision, to the segment of the political spectrum in opposition to left-wing politics. ...


List of media proprietors

This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, etc. ... Televisa is Mexicos largest media company and the number one producer and provider of Spanish television programming in the world. ... Jump to: navigation, search Silvio Berlusconi â–¶(?) (born September 29, 1936) is the current Prime Minister of Italy. ... Fininvest is a financial holding company that controls all of Silvio Berlusconis companies, e. ... Mediaset is the first italian commercial TV network. ... Serge Dassault (born 4 April 1925) is a French entrepreneur and conservative politician. ... The Dassault Group is a French group of companies led by Serge Dassault. ... Richard Clive Desmond (born December 8, 1951) is a British publisher, current owner of Express Newspapers and founder of Northern and Shell plc. ... Jump to: navigation, search Barry Diller at the Web 2. ... IAC/InterActiveCorp (NASDAQ: IACI) is an American conglomerate with interests in electronic retailing, Internet and interactive media, local media services, online personals, real estate and financial services. ... Jump to: navigation, search Michael Eisner Michael Dammann Eisner (born March 7, 1942) ran the The Walt Disney Company from 1984 to 2005. ... Alternate meanings: Disney (disambiguation) The Walt Disney Company (also known as Disney Enterprises, Inc. ... Jump to: navigation, search William Randolph Hearst William Randolph Hearst (April 29, 1863 – August 14, 1951) was an American newspaper magnate, born in San Francisco, California. ... Robert Hersant (January 30, 1920 - April 21, 1996) was a French newspaper magnate with right-wing political views. ... The Times Group is one of the largest media services conglomerate in India. ... Jean-Luc Lagardère (February 10, 1928 - March 14, 2003) was a major French businessman. ... Arnaud Lagardère (born March 18, 1961) is the current CEO of Lagardère Group. ... The Lagardère Group (also Lagardère SCA) is a large French group of companies, diversified in publishing, aerospace, and automotive. ... John C. Malone is the current chairman of Liberty Media. ... The Liberty Media Corporation (NYSE: L) is an American media conglomerate. ... Jump to: navigation, search Jean-Marie Messier (born December 13, 1957) is a French businessman known for his flamboyance. ... Vivendi Universal (VU) is a French company active in media and communications with activities in music, television and film, publishing, telecommunications and the Internet. ... Robert Maxwell Ian Robert Maxwell (June 10, 1923 – November 5, 1991), British media proprietor, rose from poverty to build a large publishing empire, but was revealed after his mysterious death to have been stealing from staff pension funds on a massive scale to prop up his ailing empire. ... Thomas Middelhoff (born May 11, 1953) is a German corporate manager. ... Bertelsmann is a transnational media corporation founded in 1835, based in Gütersloh, Germany. ... Jump to: navigation, search Rupert Murdoch Keith Rupert Murdoch (born March 11, 1931), is an Australian-born American media proprietor who is the majority shareholder and managing director of News Corporation, one of the worlds largest and most influential media corporations. ... News Corporation (abbreviated to News Corp) NYSE: NWS is one of the worlds largest media conglomerates. ... Sir Anthony Joseph Francis OReilly (born 7 May 1936) is an Irish businessman and one of the richest men in Ireland. ... Independent News & Media (INM) is a media organisation based in Dublin, Ireland with interests worldwide. ... Jump to: navigation, search Kerry Packer Kerry Francis Bullmore Packer (born 17 December 1937) is an Australian publishing, media and gaming tycoon. ... Jump to: navigation, search Publishing and Broadcasting Limited, or PBL, is one of Australias major media companies. ... Sumner M. Redstone, born Sumner Murray Rothstein, May 27, 1923 in Boston, Massachusetts, is Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of Viacom. ... Jump to: navigation, search Viacom is an international media conglomerate. ... Axel Springer (d. ... Jump to: navigation, search This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Time Warner Inc. ...

See also


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Media proprietor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (541 words)
The term "press" baron was replaced by "media" baron, reflecting this.
The British press barons exercised personal control over their papers and used them to wage political campaigns, usually though not always in the interests of the Conservative Party.
British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin once accused the London press of "exercising the prerogative of the harlot through the ages: power without responsibility." In recent years Rupert Murdoch has been frequently accused of abusing his media power to support such politicians as Ronald Reagan, Margaret Thatcher, John Howard and George W. Bush.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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