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Encyclopedia > Presidium of the Supreme Soviet

The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR (Президиум Верховного Совета СССР in Russian, or Prezidium Verkhovnogo Soveta) was a Soviet governmental body. Its building was situated inside the Moscow Kremlin. State motto (Russian): Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Transliterated: Proletarii vsekh stran, soedinyaytes!) (Translated: Workers of the world, unite!) Capital Moscow Official language None; Russian (de facto) Government Federation of Socialist republics/ Communist state Area  - Total  - % water Largest on the planet 22,402,200 km² ?% Population  - Total  - Density 3rd before collapse 293,047,571 (July... A government is the body that has the power to make and enforce laws within an organization or group. ... The Moscow Kremlin The Moscow Kremlin (Russian: Московский Кремль) is the best known kremlin (Russian citadel). ...


The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet was elected by the Supreme Soviet of the USSR at a joint session of both chambers at the first session of each following convocation. The deputies of the Presidium were appointed for the duration of the term of office of the Supreme Soviet. The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR consisted of a chairman, his 15 deputies (one from each republic of the Soviet Union), a secretary, and 20 members. The Presidium was accountable to the Supreme Soviet of the USSR for all its activities. The Presidium or Praesidium (from Latin praesidium meaning protection or defense so plural presidia or praesidia) is the name for the executive committee of various legislative and organizational bodies. ... The Supreme Soviet (Russian: , Verhovniy Sovet, literally the Supreme Council) comprised the highest legislative body in the Soviet Union in the interim of the sessions of the Congress of Soviets, and the only one with the power to pass constitutional amendments. ... The Supreme Soviet (Верховный Совет, Verhovniy Sovet, literally the Supreme Council) comprised the highest legislative body in the Soviet Union in the interim of the sessions of the Congress of Soviets, and the only one with the power to pass constitutional amendments. ... Note: this article name (or a redirect to it) is a homophone with cession. ... Politics—see Chambers of parliament Firearms—see Chamber (weaponry) Heart chamber Combustion chamber Marvel Comics —see Chamber (comics) The Chamber was a short-lived game show on FOX. The Chamber is a suspense novel by John Grisham. ... A Convocation is a group of people formally assembled for a special purpose. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district to a parliament; in the Westminster system, specifically to the lower house. ... A chairman is the presiding officer of a meeting, organization, committee, or other deliberative body. ... In a broad definition, a republic is a state whose political organization rests on the principle that the citizens or electorate constitute the ultimate root of legitimacy and sovereignty. ...


According to the Constitution of the USSR, the basic powers of Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR were: The Soviet Union was governed by four versions of its Constitution: 1918 Soviet Constitution 1924 Soviet Constitution 1936 Soviet Constitution 1977 Soviet Constitution The political theory underlying the Soviet Constitution differed from the political theory underlying constitutions in the West. ...

  • dissolution of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the basis of Article №47 of the Constitution of the USSR and setting new elections: carrying out a national referendum on its own initiative or at the request of one of the republics of the Union;
  • abrogation of decrees, issued by the Council of Ministers of the USSR and Council of Ministers of the republics of the Union in case there is a discrepancy with the law;
  • relieving Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR of his post and appointing Ministers of the USSR (between sessions of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR) with the subsequent submittal for the Supreme Soviet’s approval;
  • establishment of orders and medals of the USSR and carrying out the awarding procedures;
  • establishment of honorary titles of the USSR and their assignment;
  • realization of the right to pardon;
  • representation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR (between its sessions) in its relations with parliaments of foreign countries;
  • receiving of letters of credence and letters of recall from foreign diplomatic representatives, accredited in the USSR;
  • declaration of the martial law in a given region or across the USSR in the interest of defending the USSR or preserving public order and state security.

The presidium also dealt with questions regarding the acquisition of the Soviet citizenship, its forfeiting or voluntary rejection. Promulgation is the act of formally proclaiming new legislation to the public. ... Decree is an order that has the force of law. ... Interpretation, or interpreting, is an activity that consists of establishing, either simultaneously or consecutively, oral or gestural communications between two or more speakers who are not speaking (or signing) the same language. ... Aphorism Critical legal studies Jurisprudence Law (principle) Legal research Legal code Natural justice Natural law Philosophy of law Religious law External links Find more information on Law by searching one of Wikipedias sibling projects: Wikibooks Wikiversity has more about this subject: School of Law The Australian Institute of Comparative... Dissolution can have the following meanings: In music dissolution is the separation of an inter-parametric unit into its component parts, where usually each part is developed independently. ... See Election (movie) for the film directed by Alexander Payne. ... A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... This article or section should be merged with Peoples Commissar Sovnarkom (Russian language СовНарКом, the abbreviation of the phrase Совет Народных Комиссаров, Sovet Narodnykh Komissarov, the Council of Peoples Commissars, sometimes Russian СНК, the SNK), was the administrative arm of the Soviet government. ... Order is the opposite of anarchy and chaos. ... A Medal can mean three things: a wearable medal awarded by a government for services to a country (such as Armed force service); strictly speaking this only refers to a medal of coin-like appearance, but informally the word also refers to an Order (decoration); a table medal awarded by... A title is a prefix or suffix added to a persons name to signify either veneration, an official position or a professional or academic qualification. ... A pardon is the forgiveness of a crime and the penalty associated with it. ... This article is about the armed forces of the Soviet Union. ... This page is about negotiations; for the board game, see Diplomacy (game). ... Generally, rank is a system of hierarchy used to classify like things. ... A declaration is a form of statement, which expresses (or declares) some idea; declarations attempt to argue that something is true. ... Mobilization or mobilisation is the act of assembling and making both troops and supplies ready for war. ... A Declaration of War is a formal declaration issued by a national government indicating that a state of war exists between that nation, and one or more others. ... In military science, an attack is the aggressive attempt to conquer enemy territory, installations, personnel, or equipment or to deny the enemy the use of territory, installations, personnel, or equipment, for example by destroying the equipment. ... An obligation can be legal or moral. ... Ratification is the process of adopting an international treaty, or a constitution or other nationally binding document (such as an amendment to a constitution) by the agreement of multiple subnational entities. ... Denunciation refers to the announcement of a treatys termination. ... An aerial view of Parliament of India at New Delhi. ... The term plenipotentiary (from the Latin, plenus + potens, full + power) refers to, as a noun, a person who has, or as an adjective that confers, full powers. ... Generally, accreditation is the process by which a facility becomes officially certified as providing services of a reasonably good quality, so that the public can trust in the quality of its services. ... Martial law is the system of rules that takes effect (usually after a formal declaration) when a military authority takes control of the normal administration of justice. ... // Engineering In engineering, the term acquisition has the following meanings: In satellite communications, the process of locking tracking equipment on a signal from a communications satellite. ... Citizenship is membership in a political community (originally a city but now usually a state), and carries with it rights to political participation; a person having such membership is a citizen. ... Forfeiting is the act of voluntarily admitting defeat in a competition or contest, thereby surrendering victory to the opposition. ...


There were also presidiums of the Supreme Soviets in the republics of the Union and autonomous republics; their functions were defined by constitutions of corresponding republics. In its final decades of its existence, the Soviet Union consisted of 15 Soviet Socialist Republics (SSR), often called simply Soviet republics. ...


See also

The President of the Soviet Union was the largely ceremonial Head of State of the USSR from 1990 to 1991. ... The Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic was the de facto leader of the Russian SFSR between 1938 and 1991. ...

External links

  • Building of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet - satellite photo

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (345 words)
Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR
The Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic was the de jure leader of the Russian SFSR between 1938 and 1991.
After the dissolution of the Soviet Union on December 25, 1991, the Russian Supreme Soviet became the acting parliament of the Russian Federation with Khasbulatov as Chairman.
SUPREME SOVIET OF THE LITHUANIAN SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLIC LAW (2611 words)
  Citizenship Committee of the Presidium of the
The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Lithuanian SSR shall issue directives on granting citizenship of the Lithuanian SSR, renunciation of citizenship of the Lithuanian SSR, restoration of citizenship of the Lithuanian SSR, and deprivation of citizenship of the Lithuanian SSR.
Directives of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Lithuanian SSR on granting citizenship of the Lithuanian SSR, restoration of citizenship of the Lithuanian SSR, or deprivation of citizenship of the Lithuanian SSR shall be published in the Official Reports of the Lithuanian SSR.
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