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Encyclopedia > President of the Republic of Poland
Flag of the President of Poland
Flag of the President of Poland

The President of the Republic of Poland (Polish: Prezydent Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej) is directly elected by the people to serve a term of five years. He can be reelected only once. His rights and obligations are determined by the Constitution of the Republic of Poland. In accordance with the current Constitution, the President of the Republic of Poland is the head of state, the supreme representative of Poland and the guarantor of the continuity of government and is prevented from holding office for more than two consecutive terms. This means that the President heads the executive authority, is appointed to represent Polish interests on the international arena, ensures the observance of the Constitution, and is responsible for the security of the state. The President calls elections to the Sejm and Senate. He has a right to dissolve the parliament when it fails to form a Council of Ministers or pass the budget act. He can (with the Senate's consent) call a national referendum in matters important for the state, requiring the decision of all the citizens. Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Sejm building in Warsaw. ... The Polish Senate The Senate (Senat) is the upper house of the Polish parliament. ... In parliamentary systems, a dissolution of parliament is the dispersal of a legislature at the call of an election. ... The Council of Ministers (cabinet), or Polish government, consists of ministers, heads of departments of ministerial rank, and heads of central institutions. ... A government budget is a legal document that is often passed by the legislature, and approved by the chief executive. ...

Lech Kaczyński, President of Poland.
Lech Kaczyński, President of Poland.

The President has a free choice in selecting the Prime Minister, yet in practice he usually does not give the task of forming a new government to a politician who does not command a majority in the Sejm. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 309 × 399 pixelsFull resolution (309 × 399 pixel, file size: 141 KB, MIME type: image/png) Lech KaczyÅ„ski, President of Poland. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 309 × 399 pixelsFull resolution (309 × 399 pixel, file size: 141 KB, MIME type: image/png) Lech KaczyÅ„ski, President of Poland. ...  , (born June 18, 1949) is the President of the Republic of Poland and a politician of the conservative party Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (Law and Justice, PiS.) KaczyÅ„ski served as President of Warsaw from 2002 until December 22, 2005, the day before his presidential inauguration. ... This is a list of Prime Ministers of Poland. ...


The President has a right to initiate the legislative process. He has also the opportunity to directly influence it by using his veto to stop a bill; however, his veto can be overruled by a three-fifths majority vote in the presence of at least half of the statutory number of members of the Sejm (230). Before signing a bill into law, the President can also ask the Constitutional Tribunal to verify its compliance with the Constitution, which in practice bears a decisive influence on the legislative process. The Constitutional Tribunal of Poland is a judicial body established to resolve disputes on the constitutionality of the activities of state institutions; its main task is to supervise the compliance of statutory law with the Constitution of the Republic of Poland. ...

Presidential Palace on Krakowskie Przedmieście in Warsaw, with equestrian statue of Prince Józef Poniatowski by Bertel Thorvaldsen.

It should be possible to replace this non-free image with a freely licensed one. If you can, please do so as soon as is practical.

In his role as supreme representative of the Polish state, the President ratifies and revokes international agreements, nominates and recalls ambassadors, and accepts the accreditations of representatives of other states. The President also makes decisions on the award of state distinctions and orders. In addition, he has the right of clemency, viz. he can dismiss final court verdicts (in practice, the President consults such decisions with the Minister of Justice). (With permission, Author: Marek i Ewa Wojciechowscy, http://www. ... (With permission, Author: Marek i Ewa Wojciechowscy, http://www. ... Presidential Palace in Warsaw. ... Staszic Palace. ... Motto: Contemnit procellas (It defies the storms) Semper invicta (Always invincible) Coordinates: Country Poland Voivodeship Masovia Powiat city county Gmina Warszawa Districts 18 boroughs City Rights turn of the 13th century Government  - Mayor Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz (PO) Area  - City 516. ... Noble Family Poniatowski Coat of Arms CioÅ‚ek Parents Andrzej Poniatowski Maria Teresa Kinsky Consorts Zelia SitaÅ„ska Zofia Potocka Children with Zelia SitaÅ„ska: Józef SzczÄ™sny Poniatowski; with Zofia Potocka: Karol Józef Poniatowski. ... Bertel Thorvaldsen, portrait by Karl Begas, ca. ...


The President is also the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces; he appoints the Chief of General Staff and the commanders of all the armed forces; in wartime he nominates the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces and can order general mobilization. The President performs his duties with the help of the following offices: the Chancellery of the President, the Office of National Security, and the Body of Advisors to the President. Wojsko Polskie (WP, Polish Army) is the name applied to the military forces of Poland. ...

Contents

Acting President of Poland

If the President dies, resigns or is removed from office before the end of his term, Sejm Marshall becomes an Acting President until winner of new special election is sworn-in. If Sejm Marshall cannot act as President, next in line is Senate Marshall. Acting President has the same rights as the President, with the exception of the right to dissolve the Sejm and Senate. Marszałek sejmu (Sejm Marshal, Marshal of the Sejm) is the title of the Speaker (chair) of Sejm the lower house of Polish parliament since the 15th century. ... An Acting president is a person who temporarily fills the role of an organizations president, either when the real president is unavailable (for example ill or on vacation) or when the post is vacant (for example because of death, injury, resignation, or dismissal). ...


Sejm Marshall Maciej Rataj twice served as Acting Presideny (in 1922 and 1926). Maciej Rataj (19 February 1884 - 21 June 1940) was a Polish politician, president, socialist activist and writer. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ...


Former Presidents

Former Presidents of Poland has granted right to lifetime personal protection (but only in Polish area) by Biuro Ochrony Rządu officers and lifetime pension. They also are usually well-known and publicly present figures after leaving office.


As of 2007 four former Presidents of Poland are alive: 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

The most recent former President who passed away after leaving office, was Edward Bernard Raczyński in 1993. Wojciech Jaruzelski in 2006 Wojciech Witold Jaruzelski (pronounced: ) (born July 6, 1923) was a communist Polish political and military leader, Prime Minister from 1981 to 1985, head of the Polish Council of State from 1985 to 1989 and President from 1989 to 1990. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ryszard Kaczorowski (b. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... Lech WaÅ‚Ä™sa (IPA: ; born September 29, 1943, Popowo, Poland) is a Polish politician, a former trade union and human rights activist, and also a former electrician. ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Aleksander KwaÅ›niewski ( ; born November 15, 1954) is a Polish politician who served as the President of Poland from 1995 to 2005. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Edward Bernard RaczyÅ„ski (1891-1993) was a Polish aristocrat, diplomat, politician and President of Poland in exile (between 1979 and 1986). ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ...

Poland

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Poland
Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1932x2407, 4465 KB) [edit] Summary Coat of arms of the Republic of Poland Made by Aotaearoa, based on the official specifications in Coat of arms, Colors and Anthem of the Republic of Poland, and State Seals Act (Dz. ... Politics of Poland takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...







Voivodeships  , (born June 18, 1949) is the President of the Republic of Poland and a politician of the conservative party Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (Law and Justice, PiS.) KaczyÅ„ski served as President of Warsaw from 2002 until December 22, 2005, the day before his presidential inauguration. ... The Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland represents the Council of Ministers (the Cabinet) and directs their work, supervises territorial self-government within the guidelines and in ways described in the Constitution and other legislation, and acts as the superior for all government administration workers (heading the public service...   (born June 18, 1949) has been the Prime Minister of Poland since July 2006 and is the chairman of Law and Justice (Polish: ), a party which he co-founded in 2001. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Polish Senate The Senate (Senat) is the upper house of the Polish parliament. ... The Sejm building in Warsaw. ... The Council of Ministers (cabinet), or Polish government, consists of ministers, heads of departments of ministerial rank, and heads of central institutions. ... // Existing ministries Ministerstwo Finansów (Ministry of Finances) Ministerstwo Spraw Zagranicznych (Ministry of Foreign Affairs) Ministerstwo Spraw WewnÄ™trznych i Administracji (Ministry of Internal Affairs and Administration) Ministerstwo SprawiedliwoÅ›ci (Ministry of Justice) Ministerstwo Obrony Narodowej (Ministry of National Defence) Ministerstwo Rolnictwa i Rozwoju Wsi ( Ministry of Agriculture and Rural... Polish law is a legal system in Poland. ... The Supreme Court of Poland supervises the adjudication in: General courts - these are district, voivodeship, and appeal courts. ... The Constitutional Tribunal of Poland is a judicial body established to resolve disputes on the constitutionality of the activities of state institutions; its main task is to supervise the compliance of statutory law with the Constitution of the Republic of Poland. ... The State Tribunal of Poland is the judicial body, which rules on the constitutional liability of people holding the highest offices of state. ... The Supreme Administrative Court of Poland (Polish: ) is the court of last resort in administrative cases i. ... The Supreme Chamber of Control (Polish: Najwyższa Izba Kontroli, short: NIK) is one of the oldest state institutions in Poland, created under the Second Republic on February 7, 1919, barely 3 months after the restoration of Polands independence. ... The Attorney General of Poland (Polish: Prokurator Generalny) is the top prosecuting officer in Poland. ... List of the Polish Ombudsmen: Ewa Łętowska - November 19, 1987 - February 12, 1992 Tadeusz ZieliÅ„ski - February 13, 1992 - May 7, 1996 Adam ZieliÅ„ski - May 8, 1996 - June 29, 2000 Andrzej Zoll - from June 30, 2000 Official site Categories: Poland-related stubs | Politics of Poland ... Political parties in Poland lists political parties in Poland. ... The League of Polish Families (Liga Polskich Rodzin, or LPR) is a nationalist political party in Poland. ... Unia Polityki Realnej (Real Politics Union) is a conservative free-market party in Poland. ... The Democratic Party () is a social liberal party in Poland, publicly announced on February 28 and formally established on May 9, 2005 as an enlargement of the Freedom Union (Unia WolnoÅ›ci), which it legally succeeds. ... Then-Prime Minister Marcinkiewicz, Lech KaczyÅ„ski, and Maria KaczyÅ„ska during KaczyÅ„skis swearing in as President of Poland, December 23, 2005. ... The Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska, also called the Citizens Platform) is a liberal conservative political party in Poland. ... The Polish Peoples Party (Polish: Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe, also known in English as Polish Peasant Party) is a political party in Poland. ... The Social Democratic Party of Poland (Socjaldemokracja Polska, SDPL) is a new leftist political party in Poland founded in April 2004 as a splinter group from Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej (it should not be confused with a former party Social Democracy of the Republic of Poland - SdRP). ... Democratic Left Alliance (Polish: Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej, SLD) is one of the main Polish social democratic political parties. ... Self-Defence of the Republic of Poland (Polish: Samoobrona Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, SRP) is an agrarian political party and trade union in Poland. ... Labor Union (Unia Pracy) is a Polish political party. ... Elections in Poland gives information on election and election results in Poland. ... Presidential elections were held in Poland on Sunday November 25 (1st round), and Sunday December 9, 1990 (2n round). ... Presidential elections were held in Poland on Sunday November 5 (1st round), and Sunday November 19, 1990 (2n round). ... Presidential elections were held in Poland on Sunday October 8. ... Presidential elections were held in Poland on October 9 and October 23, 2005. ... Contract Sejm (Polish: ) is a term commonly applied to the Polish Parliament elected in the Polish parliamentary elections of 1989. ... Sejm election Senat election Categories: Politics of Poland | 1991 elections | Elections in Poland | 1991 in Poland ... Sejm election German Minority - 4 MPs Senat election Categories: Politics of Poland | 1993 elections | Elections in Poland | 1993 in Poland ... Sejm election German Minority - 2 MPs Senat election Categories: Politics of Poland | 1997 elections | Elections in Poland ... Sejm election German Minority - 2 MPs Senat election Categories: Politics of Poland | 2001 elections | Elections in Poland ... Parliamentary elections for both houses of the Parliament of Poland were held on September 25, 2005. ... Elections to the European Parliament were held in Poland on June 13, 2004. ... Local elections in Poland SLD-UP - 6644 (14,19%) PSL - 4986 (10,65%) Samoobrona - 1530 (3,27%) LPR - 1065 (2,27%) PiS - 217 (0,46%) PO - 213 (0,45%) PO-PiS - 85 (0,18%) Unia SamorzÄ…dowa - 4 (0,01%) Alternatywa - 1 (0,00%) UPR - 0 (0,00%) other comitets... Local elections were held in Poland in 1990. ... Local elections were held in Poland in 1994. ... Local elections were held in Poland in 1998. ... SLD-UP - 6644 (14,19%) PSL - 4986 (10,65%) Samoobrona - 1530 (3,27%) LPR - 1065 (2,27%) PiS - 217 (0,46%) PO - 213 (0,45%) PO-PiS - 85 (0,18%) Unia SamorzÄ…dowa - 4 (0,01%) Alternatywa - 1 (0,00%) UPR - 0 (0,00%) other comitets - 32088 (68,52%) sum... Polish local elections 2006 schedule: November 12 - first round November 26 - second round Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska) Law and Justice (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość) Categories: | ... There have been several referenda in history of Poland. ... The voivodeship or province (Polish: województwo) has been a second-level administrative unit in Poland since the 14th century. ...


See also: Economy, Foreign relations
History, Military
Poland became a full member of NATO in March 1999, and of the European Union in May 2004. ... Over the past millennium, the territory ruled by Poland has shifted and varied greatly. ...


EU Politics The European Union or EU is a supranational and international organization of 27 member states. ...


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Summary of 9 October 2005 Polish Presidential election results
Candidates and nominating parties Votes 1st round % Votes 2nd round %
Lech Aleksander Kaczyński - Law and Justice 4,947,927 33.1 8,257,468 54.04
Donald Franciszek Tusk - Civic Platform 5,429,666 36.3 7,022,319 45.96
Andrzej Zbigniew Lepper - Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland 2,259,094 15.1 - -
Marek Stefan Borowski - Social Democracy of Poland 1,544,642 10.3 - -
Jarosław Kalinowski - Polish Peasant Party 269,316 1.8 - -
Janusz Ryszard Korwin-Mikke - Janusz Korwin-Mikke Platform 214,116 1.4 - -
Henryka Bochniarz - Democratic Party 188,598 1.3 - -
Liwiusz Marian Ilasz 31,691 0.2 - -
Stanisław Tymiński - All-Polish Citizens Coalition 23,545 0.2 - -
Leszek Henryk Bubel - Polish National Party 18,828 0.1 - -
Jan Pyszko - Organization of the Polish Nation - Polish League 10,371 0.1 - -
Adam Andrzej Słomka - The Polish Confederation-Freedom and the Work 8,895 0.1 - -
Total (turnout 49.7 %) 15,046,350 100    

Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ...  , (born June 18, 1949) is the President of the Republic of Poland and a politician of the conservative party Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (Law and Justice, PiS.) KaczyÅ„ski served as President of Warsaw from 2002 until December 22, 2005, the day before his presidential inauguration. ... Then-Prime Minister Marcinkiewicz, Lech KaczyÅ„ski, and Maria KaczyÅ„ska during KaczyÅ„skis swearing in as President of Poland, December 23, 2005. ... Donald Franciszek Tusk, born on 22 April 1957 in GdaÅ„sk, is a Polish politician, co-founder and now chairman of the moderately liberal Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska). ... The Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska, also called the Citizens Platform) is a liberal conservative political party in Poland. ... Andrzej Zbigniew Lepper (born June 13, 1954 in StowiÄ™cino / Stojentin, Poland) is a Polish politician, leader of Samoobrona RP (Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland) political party, and since May 5, 2006 Deputy Prime Minister of Poland and Minister of Agriculture. ... Self-Defence of the Republic of Poland (Polish: Samoobrona Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, SRP) is an agrarian political party and trade union in Poland. ... Marek Stefan Borowski (b. ... Social Democracy of Poland (Socjaldemokracja Polska, SDPL) is a new leftist political party in Poland founded in April 2004 as a splinter group from Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej (it should not be confused with a former party Socialdemocracy of the Republic of Poland - SdRP). ... JarosÅ‚aw Kalinowski (born April 12, 1962 in Wyszków) is a Polish politician. ... The Polish Peoples Party (Polish: Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe, also known in English as Polish Peasant Party) is a political party in Poland. ... Janusz Korwin-Mikke During presidents campaign in 2000 Janusz Korwin-Mikke (born October 27, 1942 in Warsaw, Poland) is a Polish liberal conservative political commentator and politician. ... ... The Democratic Party () is a liberal party in Poland, publicly announced on February 28 and formally established on May 9, 2005 as an enlargement of the Freedom Union (Unia WolnoÅ›ci), which it legally succeeds. ... StanisÅ‚aw Stan TymiÅ„ski (born January 27, 1948 in Pruszków) is a Canadian businessman of Polish origin, dealing in electronics and computers, and a sometime-politician in both Poland and Canada. ... The Polish National Party (Polska Partia Narodowa) is a marginal anti-Semitic political party in Poland. ...

See also

Presidential elections were held in Poland on Sunday November 25 (1st round), and Sunday December 9, 1990 (2n round). ... Presidential elections were held in Poland on Sunday November 5 (1st round), and Sunday November 19, 1990 (2n round). ... Presidential elections were held in Poland on Sunday October 8. ... Presidential elections were held in Poland on October 9 and October 23, 2005. ... The Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland represents the Council of Ministers (the Cabinet) and directs their work, supervises territorial self-government within the guidelines and in ways described in the Constitution and other legislation, and acts as the superior for all government administration workers (heading the public service... Following are the successive heads of state of Poland. ... Mieszko I. Bolesław I Chrobry. ... These are lists of incumbents, i. ... Naczelnik państwa (Leader of the country) was the title of the Chief of State in the Second Polish Republic. ...

External links

  • President of Poland Official Website

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Constitution of the Republic of Poland (16549 words)
The President of the Republic of Poland shall be the supreme representative of the Republic of Poland and the guarantor of the continuity of State authority.
The President of the Republic shall establish the statute of the Presidential Chancellery and shall appoint and dismiss its Chief.
The President and Vice-President of the Constitutional Tribunal shall be appointed by the President of the Republic from amongst candidates proposed by the General Assembly of the Judges of the Constitutional Tribunal.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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