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Encyclopedia > President of the Philippines
Presidency of the Philippines Portal
Philippines

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
the Philippines
Image File history File links Portal. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_Arms_of_the_Philippines. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The political system in the Philippines takes place in an...


Government
Political history · Constitution
Executive
President (list)
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
20012010

Vice President (list)
Noli de Castro
20042010
The political history of the Philippines as a unified archipelago begins with the rule of the Spanish monarchs of the Philippines. ... This a complete list of Presidents of the Philippines that consists of the 14 heads of state in the history of the Philippines. ... Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947), also known by her initials G.M.A., is the 14th and current president of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... 2010 (MMX) will be a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Seal of the Vice President of the Philippines The Vice President of the Philippines is the second highest executive official of the Philippine government. ... This is a complete list of Vice Presidents of the Philippines. ... Manuel Noli Leuterio De Castro, Jr. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2010 (MMX) will be a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Executive Departments
(list) Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections Chairman: Resurreccion Z. Borra 2013 | 2010 | 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Executive Departments of... In Philippine politics, The Cabinet consists of the heads of the largest part of the executive branch of the national government. ...


Congress
14th Congress
20072010
Senate House
President
Manuel Villar, Jr.
Speaker
Jose de Venecia, Jr.

Judiciary
Supreme Court

Chief Justice Reynato Puno
Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan
Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman
Philippine Congress Session Hall The legislative power is vested in Congress, which consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections Chairman: Resurreccion Z. Borra 2013 | 2010 | 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Fourteenth Congress of... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... 2010 (MMX) will be a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Senate of the Philippines is the upper chamber of the bicameral legislature of the Philippines, the Congress of the Philippines. ... Type Lower house Houses House of Representatives House Speaker Jose De Venecia, Jr. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice: Reynato Puno Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | 1984 1981 | 1978 | 1969 | 1965 1961 | 1957 | 1953 | 1949 1946 | 1941 | 1935 Foreign relations Human rights Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      The President of the Senate of the Philippines is the presiding... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Jose de Venecia is the current Speaker of the House of Representatives The Speaker of the Philippine House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the lower house of Congress, the House of Representatives. ... José Clavería de Venecia, Jr. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Supreme Court of the Philippines (Filipino: Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Pilipinas) is the... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Chief Justice of the Philippines presides over the Supreme Court of the... Reynato Puno Reynato S. Puno (born May 17, 1940) is the current Chief Justice of the Philippines, presiding the Supreme Court of the Philippines. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice: Reynato Puno Court of Appeals Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | 1984 1981 | 1978 | 1969 | 1965 1961 | 1957 | 1953 | 1949 1946 | 1941 | 1935 Foreign relations Human rights Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      The Philippine Court... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice: Reynato Puno Court of Appeals Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | 1984 1981 | 1978 | 1969 | 1965 1961 | 1957 | 1953 | 1949 1946 | 1941 | 1935 Foreign relations Human rights Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      The Sandiganbayan is... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice: Reynato Puno Court of Appeals Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | 1984 1981 | 1978 | 1969 | 1965 1961 | 1957 | 1953 | 1949 1946 | 1941 | 1935 Foreign relations Human rights Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      The Philippine Court... The Philippine Ombudsman is an ombudsman responsible for investigating and prosecuting government officials in the Philippines who are allegedly guilty of crimes. ...


Elections
Commission on Elections
Chairman: Resurreccion Z. Borra
2013 | 2010 | 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998
1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All

Political parties

Administrative divisions
Capital
Regions
Provinces
Cities
Municipalities
Barangays

Foreign relations
Government Website
Human rights
Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Philippines elects on national level a head of state: the President, and... The Commission on Elections of the Philippines, or more commonly known as COMELEC is an independent government body responsible for running elections in the countrys democratic government. ... Resurreccion Borra is a Filipino politician and the current Chairman of the Philippine Commission on Elections . ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      Legislative elections and local elections will be held on May 13, 2013. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections Chairman: Resurreccion Z. Borra 2013 | 2010 | 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Presidential elections, legislative elections... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Legislative and local elections were held in the Philippines on... Presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 10, 2004. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Political clans Other countries Politics Portal      Legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on... Presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 11, 1998. ... Legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 8, 1995. ... Presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 11, 1992. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Political clans Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      This article on elections in the Philippines give information on election... Presidential and vice-presidential snap elections were held on February 7, 1986 in the Philippines. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Philippines elects on national level a head of state: the President, and... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Political parties in the Philippines are of diverse ideologies and... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats, also more popularly known as simply Lakas or... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Political clans Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      The Kabalikat ng Malayang Pilipino (KAMPI, formerly the Kabalikat ng Mamamayang... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Political clans Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      The Nationalist Peoples Coalition or NPC is a political party... The Nacionalista Party logo with party motto, Ang Bayan Higit sa Lahat (Nation, Above All). ... The Liberal Party (Filipino: Partido Liberal) is a liberal party in the Philippines, founded in 1945 by a breakaway from the Nacionalista Party. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Partido Demokratikong Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan (Philippines Democratic Party-National Struggle) is... The Partido ng Masang Pilipino (Party of the Filipino Masses) is a populist political party in the Philippines. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Political parties in the Philippines are of diverse ideologies and... This is a list of current and former national capital cities in the Philippines, which includes during the time of the Spanish colonization, the First Philippine Republic, the Commonwealth of the Philippines, the Second Republic of the Philippines (Japanese-Sponsored Republic), the Third Republic of the Philippines, the Fourth Republic... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections Chairman: Resurreccion Z. Borra 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Map of the Philippines showing the... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections Chairman: Resurreccion Z. Borra 2013 | 2010 | 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The province (Filipino: lalawigan... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipyo, in Tagalog) is a local... A barangay (Tagalog: baranggay , pronounced as ba-rang-gai, gai as in guy), also known by its former name, the barrio, is the smallest local government unit in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward. ... // Foreign policy The fundamental Philippine attachment to democracy and human rights is reflected in its foreign policy and is also a staunch and a close ally of the United States. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice: Reynato Puno Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | 1984 1981 | 1978 | 1969 | 1965 1961 | 1957 | 1953 | 1949 1946 | 1941 | 1935 Foreign relations Human rights Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      According to a U.S. Department of State report released in...


Other countries · Atlas
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The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. The President of the Philippines is locally termed as Ang Pangulo or Pangulo. At the moment the President is Her Excellency Gloria-Macapagal Arroyo. Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ...


The executive power is vested in the President of the Philippines.

Contents

Qualifications

According to the current constitution (1987), the President must be at least 40 years of age, a registered voter, able to read and write, a Filipino citizen by birth, and a resident of the Philippines for at least 17 years prior to election. Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections Chairman: Resurreccion Z. Borra 2013 | 2010 | 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Constitution of the... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ...


Oath

Before the president enters on the execution of his/her office, the President shall take the following oath or affirmation:

I do solemnly swear [or affirm] that I will faithfully and conscientiously fulfill my duties as President [or Vice-President or Acting President] of the Philippines, preserve and defend its Constitution, execute its laws, do justice to every man, and consecrate myself to the service of the Nation. So help me God.

[In case of affirmation, last sentence will be omitted]


Powers

The president heads the Executive branch of the government, which includes the Cabinet and all executive departments. The executive power, as such, is vested on the President alone. Under the doctrine of the separation of powers, the executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law. ...


The president is also the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Philippines. As Commander-in-Chief, the President can may call out such armed forces to prevent or suppress lawless violence, invasion or rebellion. In case of invasion or rebellion, when the public safety requires it, he or she may, for a period not exceeding sixty days, suspend the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus or place the Philippines or any part thereof under martial law. Seal of the Armed Forces of the Philippines Seal of the Philippine Army Seal of the Philippine Navy Seal of the Philippine Air Force Seal of the Philippine Marine Corps The Armed Forces of the Philippines or AFP (Filipino: Sandatahang Lakas ng Pilipinas; Spanish: Fuerzas Armadas Filipinas) originated in the... In common law jurisdictions, habeas corpus, or more precisely habeas corpus ad subjiciendum, is a prerogative writ which requires the addressee to produce in court a person in its custody and justify his or her imprisonment. ... For other uses, see Martial law (disambiguation). ...


The president may grant reprieves, commutations, and pardons, and remit fines and forfeitures, after conviction by final judgment, except when the President is under impeachment.


The president may contract or guarantee foreign loans on behalf of the Republic of the Philippines with the prior concurrence of the Monetary Board, and subject to such limitations as may be provided by law.


The president exercises general supervision over local government units.


The president appoints, with consent of the Commission on Appointments, members of the Constitutional Commission, ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, or officers of the armed forces from the rank of colonel or naval captain, and other officers whose appointments are vested in the President in 1987 Constitution.


The members of the Supreme Court are appointed by the president, based on a list prepared by the Judicial and Bar Council. These appointments do not need the consent of the Commission on Appointments. Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Supreme Court of the Philippines (Filipino: Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Pilipinas) is the...


Official title

Home provinces of the presidents.

The official title of the president is the "President of the Philippines," as specified in the present Constitution of the Philippines (1987). The honorific for the President of the Philippines is "Your Excellency" or "His/Her Excellency", adopted from the title of the Governor-General of the Philippines during Spanish and American occupation. The term "President of the Republic of the Philippines" is commonly, but erroneously, used, dating back to when President José P. Laurel wanted to express the difference between his government and the previous Commonwealth government (then in exile) under President Manuel L. Quezon. The restoration of the Commonwealth in 1945 and the subsequent independence of the Philippines led to the restoration of the constitutionally-sanctioned title "President of the Philippines" until President Ferdinand E. Marcos proclaimed martial law and once more wanted to differentiate his government from those that came before. It was then that "President of the Republic of the Philippines" was adopted and indeed, specified in the 1973 Constitution of the Philippines. However, that Constitution was superseded by a new one in 1987 which restored the more traditional "President of the Philippines." Image File history File links Download high resolution version (793x792, 592 KB)[1] This logo is an official seal of a government or one of its government agencies, and may be subject to copyright, trademark, and/or other restrictions on its reproduction, especially in commercial contexts. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 384 × 599 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,000 × 3,120 pixels, file size: 189 KB, MIME type: image/png) Current provinces that contain the birthplace or hometown of Philippine presidents. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 384 × 599 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,000 × 3,120 pixels, file size: 189 KB, MIME type: image/png) Current provinces that contain the birthplace or hometown of Philippine presidents. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections Chairman: Resurreccion Z. Borra 2013 | 2010 | 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The province (Filipino: lalawigan... Governor-General (or Governor General) is a term used both historically and currently to designate the appointed representative of a head of state or their government for a particular territory, historically in a colonial context, but no longer necessarily in that form. ... José Paciano Laurel y García (March 9, 1891 - November 6, 1959) was the president of the Japanese-sponsored Republic of the Philippines from 1943 to 1945. ... Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina (b. ... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Ferdinand Marcos Ferdinand Edralin Marcos (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was the tenth President of the Republic of the Philippines. ... For other uses, see Martial law (disambiguation). ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ...


Official residence

Main article: Malacañang Palace

Malacañan Palace, often known as Malacañang Palace, is the official residence of the President of the Philippines. The palace is located along the north bank of the Pasig River in Manila. It is called Palasyo ng Malakanyang in Filipino, and Malacañang Palace when referred to as the official residence of the President of the Philippines, and simply Malacañang when referred to as the office of the president, as well as in everyday parlance and in the media. Malacañang Palace is depicted on the verso (back) side of the present-day 20-peso bill. Malacañan Palace, colloquially, the Malacañang Palace [1], is the official residence of the President of the Philippines. ...


State of the Nation Address

The State of the Nation Address (abbreviated SONA) is an annual event in the Republic of the Philippines, in which the President of the Philippines reports on the status of the nation, normally to the resumption of a joint session of the Congress (the House of Representatives and the Senate). This is a duty of the President as stated in Article VII, Section 23 of the 1987 Constitution: President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo gestures as she stresses a point during her 2006 State of the Nation Address, with Senate President Manny Villar and House Speaker Jose De Venecia, Jr. ... For other uses, see Nation (disambiguation). ... Philippine Congress Session Hall The legislative power is vested in Congress, which consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives. ... The House of Representatives (Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan in Filipino) is the lower chamber of the Congress of the Philippines. ... The Senate of the Philippines is the upper chamber of the bicameral legislature of the Philippines, the Congress of the Philippines. ...

The President shall address the Congress at the opening of its regular session. He may also appear before it at any other time.

The address is also an opportunity for opposition parties to protest against the government. In 2005, tens of thousands of people attended protest rallies during the State of the Nation Address of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, calling on her to resign. Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947), also known by her initials G.M.A., is the 14th and current president of the Republic of the Philippines. ...


Succession

Part of a series on:
Orders of Succession
Presidencies

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Mexico
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United States An order of succession is a formula or algorithm that determines who inherits an office upon the death, resignation, or removal of its current occupant. ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, trade unions, universities, and countries. ... The Constitution of the Republic of China gives a short list of persons who will succeed to the presidency if the office of the President of the Republic of China were to become vacant. ...

see also:
Monarchies
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At the start of the term

In case the president-elect fails to qualify, the Vice-President-elect shall act as President until the President-elect shall have qualified.


If at the beginning of the term of the President, the President-elect shall have died or shall have become permanently disabled, the Vice President-elect shall become President.


Where no President and Vice-President shall have been chosen or shall have qualified, or where both shall have died or become permanently disabled, the President of the Senate or, in case of his inability, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, shall act as President until a President or a Vice-President shall have been chosen and qualified.


During the term

In case of death, permanent disability, removal from office, or resignation of the President, the Vice-President will become the President to serve the unexpired term. In case of death, permanent disability, removal from office, or resignation of both the President and Vice-President, the President of the Senate or, in case of his inability, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, shall then act as President until the President or Vice-President shall have been elected and qualified.


The Congress shall, by law, provide who shall serve as President in case of death, permanent disability, or resignation of the Acting President. He shall serve until the President or the Vice-President shall have been elected and qualified, and be subject to the same restrictions of powers and disqualifications as the Acting President.


The line of presidential succession as specified by the 1987 Constitution are the Vice-President, Senate President and the Speaker of the House of Representatives.


The current Presidential line of succession is:

# Name Position
1 Manuel Leuterio B. de Castro, Jr. Vice President
2 Manuel B. Villar, Jr. Senate President
3 Jose C. de Venecia, Jr. Speaker of the House

Contrary to popular belief, the Constitution doesn't name the Chief Justice of the Philippine Supreme Court in the line of succession. Manuel Noli Leuterio De Castro, Jr. ... Seal of the Vice President of the Philippines The Vice President of the Philippines is the second highest executive official of the Philippine government. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice: Reynato Puno Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | 1984 1981 | 1978 | 1969 | 1965 1961 | 1957 | 1953 | 1949 1946 | 1941 | 1935 Foreign relations Human rights Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      The President of the Senate of the Philippines is the presiding... Jose de Venecia, Jr. ... Jose de Venecia is the current Speaker of the House of Representatives The Speaker of the Philippine House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the lower house of Congress, the House of Representatives. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Chief Justice of the Philippines presides over the Supreme Court of the...


List of Presidents

# President Term Length of Term
1 Emilio Aguinaldo March 22, 1897 – April 1, 1901 2 years, 9 months and 20 days
2 Manuel L. Quezon November 15, 1935 – August 1, 1944 8 years, 8 months and 17 days
3 José P. Laurel October 14, 1943 – August 17, 1945 1 year and 10 months
4 Sergio Osmeña August 1, 1944 – May 28, 1946 1 year, 9 months and 27 days
5 Manuel Roxas May 28, 1946 – April 15, 1948 1 year, 10 months, and 18 days
6 Elpidio Quirino April 18, 1948 – December 30, 1953 5 years, 8 months and 13 days
7 Ramon Magsaysay December 30, 1953 – March 17, 1957 3 years, 2 months and 17 days
8 Carlos P. Garcia March 23, 1957 – December 30, 1961 4 years, 9 months and 12 days
9 Diosdado Macapagal December 30, 1961 – December 30, 1965 4 years
10 Ferdinand Marcos December 30, 1966 – February 25, 1986 20 years, 1 month, 26 days
11 Corazon Aquino February 25, 1986 – June 30, 1992 6 years, 4 months and 5 days
12 Fidel V. Ramos June 30, 1992 – June 30, 1998 6 years
13 Joseph Estrada June 30, 1998 – January 20, 2001 2 years, 6 months and 21 days
14 Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo January 20, 2001 - Present as of November 20, 2007, 6 years, 10 months [1]
15 Philippine general election, 2010 TBA N/A

† Died in office
‡ Removed from office Official portrait of Philippine president Emilio Aguinaldo. ... Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy (March 22, 1869 – February 6, 1964) was a Filipino general, politician, and independence leader. ... Official portrait of Philippine president Manuel L. Quezon. ... Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina (b. ... Official portrait of Philippine president Jose P. Laurel. ... José Paciano Laurel y García (March 9, 1891 - November 6, 1959) was the president of the Japanese-sponsored Republic of the Philippines from 1943 to 1945. ... Image File history File links Official portrait of Philippine president Sergio Osmeña. ... Sergio Osmeña (September 9, 1878 – October 19, 1961) was the second President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. ... Image File history File links Ph_pres_roxas. ... Manuel Acuña Roxas (January 1, 1892 – April 15, 1948) was the first president of the independent Republic of the Philippines. ... Official portrait of Philippine president Elpidio Quirino. ... Elpidio Rivera Quirino (November 16, 1890 – February 29, 1956) was the sixth President of the Philippines. ... Official portrait of Philippine president Ramon Magsaysay. ... For the municipality, see Ramon Magsaysay, Zamboanga del Sur. ... Official portrait of Philippine president Carlos P. Garcia. ... Carlos Polistico Garcia (November 4, 1896 – June 14, 1971) was the 8th president of the Philippines (1957-1961). ... Official portrait of Philippine president Diosdado Macapagal. ... For the airport, see Diosdado Macapagal International Airport For the boulevard in Metro Manila, see Diosdado Macapagal Boulevard Diosdado Pangan Macapagal (September 28, 1910 – April 21, 1997) was a Filipino politician who served as the 9th President of the Philippines. ... Official portrait of Philippine president Ferdinand Marcos. ... Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralín Marcos (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was President of the Philippines from 1966 to 1986. ... Image File history File links Official portrait of Philippine president Corazon Aquino. ... Maria Corazon Sumulong Cojuangco Aquino (born January 25, 1933), widely known as Cory Aquino, was President of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992. ... Official portrait of Philippine president Fidel V. Ramos. ... Fidel Valdez Ramos (born March 18, 1928) was the 12th President of the Philippines. ... Official portrait of Philippine president Joseph Estrada. ... Joseph Ejército Estrada, more popularly known as Erap (born José Marcelo Ejército on April 19, 1937), is a popular former film actor in the Philippines and was the 13th President of the Philippines from June 30, 1998 to January 20, 2001. ... Official portrait of Philippine president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. ... Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947), also known by her initials G.M.A., is the 14th and current president of the Republic of the Philippines. ... is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (793x792, 592 KB)[1] This logo is an official seal of a government or one of its government agencies, and may be subject to copyright, trademark, and/or other restrictions on its reproduction, especially in commercial contexts. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections Chairman: Resurreccion Z. Borra 2013 | 2010 | 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Presidential elections, legislative elections...


See also

The Seal of the President of the Philippines, Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao is a symbol used to represent the history and dignity of the president of the Philippines. ...

References

  • 1987 Constitution of the Philippines
  • The Philippine Presidency Project

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Fourth President of the Fifth Republic of the Philippines
President of the Fourth Republic of the Philippines
Filipino statesman, founder of the Nationalist Party (Partido Nacionalista) and President of the Philippines from 1944 to 1946.
Office of the President Website - Biography (370 words)
She was elected Vice President of the Philippines in 1998 with almost 13 million votes, the largest mandate in the history of presidential or vice presidential elections.
The President is the daughter of the late President and Mrs.
President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, born on 5 April 1947, was valedictorian of her high school class at Assumption Convent, was consistently on the Dean's List in Georgetown University in Washington DC, and graduated magna cum laude at Assumption College in Makati.
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