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Encyclopedia > President of the European Parliament
Politics - Politics portal
European Union

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
the European Union
Politics, sometimes defined as the art and science of government. ... Image File history File links European_flag. ... The European Union or EU is a supranational and intergovernmental union of 25 European states. ...

Three pillars The Treaty of Maastricht which established the European Union, divided EU policies into three main areas, called pillars. ...

Pillar I: European Community
Pillar II: Common Foreign and Sec. Policy
Pillar III: Police and Judicial Cooperation

Political Institutions The European Community (EC), most important of three European Communities, was originally founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the Treaty of Rome under the name of European Economic Community. ... The Common Foreign and Security Policy or CFSP was established as the second of the three pillars of the European Union in the Maastricht treaty of 1992, and further defined and broadened in the Amsterdam Treaty of 1997. ... Police and Judicial Co-operation in Criminal Matters is the third of the three pillars of the European Union, focusing on co-operation in law enforcement and combating racism. ...

Commission
President (José Barroso)
Barroso Commission
Council of Ministers & European Council
Presidency (Austria)
Parliament
President (Josep Borrell)
MEPs
Constituencies
Elections (2004 / By country)
Party groups
Committees

Judiciary The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive body of the European Union. ... The President of the European Commission is notionally the highest ranking unelected official within the European Union. ... This article needs to be updated. ... The Barroso Commission is the European Commission that has been in office since 22 November 2004 and is due to serve until 31 October 2009. ... The Council of the European Union forms, along with the European Parliament, the legislative arm of the European Union (EU). ... The European Council, informally called the European summit, is a meeting of the heads of state or government of the European Union, and the President of the European Commission. ... Presidency of the Council of the European Union refers to the responsibility of presiding over all aspects of the Council of the European Union, when exercised collectively by a government, on a pre-established rota of the member states, of the European Union. ... The European Parliament is the parliamentary body of the European Union (EU), directly elected by EU citizens once every five years. ... Josep Borrell Josep Borrell Fontelles (born April 24, 1947) is a Spanish politician. ... A Member of the European Parliament (English abbreviation MEP) is a member of the European Unions directly-elected legislative body, the European Parliament. ... In five European Union Member States (Belgium, France, Ireland, Italy and the United Kingdom), the national territory is divided into a number of constituencies for European elections. ... Elections in the European Union gives information on election and election results in the European Union. ... Elections to the European Parliament were held from June 10, 2004 to June 13, 2004 in the 25 member states of the European Union, using varying election days according to local custom. ... Party groups in the European Parliament combine the MEPs from European political parties, informal European political blocs, and independents. ... The Standing Committees of the European Parliament are designed to aid the European Commission in initiating legislation. ...

Court of Justice
Court of First Instance
Civil Service Tribunal
Patent Tribunal

Advisory bodies The European Court of Justice (ECJ) is formally known as the Court of Justice of the European Communities, i. ... The Court of First Instance, created in 1989, is a court of the European Union. ... European Union Civil Service Tribunal, since December 2, 2005 a new specialised tribunal within the European Union institutional framework. ...

Economic and Social Committee
Committee of the Regions

Financial bodies The European Unions Economic and Social Committee is the consultative assembly of European social and economic partners. This phrase refers mainly to representatives of business, employers and trade unions. ... The Committee of the Regions (CoR) is an institution of the European Union created by the Treaty of Maastricht. ...

European Central Bank
European Investment Bank
European Investment Fund

Decentralised bodies The ECB building in Frankfurt The European Central Bank (ECB) (French: Banque Centrale Europeénne, German: Europäische Zentralbank) The ECB is one of the worlds largest central banks, being in charge of fiscal and monetary policy for the European Unions official currency, the euro, which is - to... The European Investment Bank (the Banque Européenne dInvestissement) is the European Unions financing institution and was established under the Treaty of Rome (1957) to provide loan finance for capital investment furthering European Union policy objectives, in particular regional development, Trans-European Networks of transport, telecommunications and energy... The European Investment Fund, established in 1994, is a European Union agency for the provision of finance to SMEs (small and medium-sized enterprises). ...

Agencies of the EU

Law The agencies of the European Union (or decentralised bodies of the European Union) are bodies which are distinct from the European Unions institutions, in that they have not been created by the treaties but rather by acts of secondary legislation, in order to accomplish a very specific task. ... The European Union is unique among international organisations in having a complex and highly developed system of internal law which has direct effect within the legal systems of its member states. ...

Acquis communautaire
Procedure
Treaties
Regulations - Directives - Decisions
Recommendations - Opinions

EU-related topics The French term acquis (or sometimes acquis communautaire) is used in European Union law to refer to the total body of EU law accumulated so far. ... The European Union legislative procedure describes the way the European Union creates and enacts legislation across the community. ... The treaties of the European Union are effectively its constitutional law, making up the EUs primary legislation. ... A European Union Directive is the (mutually binding) collective decision made by the member states, acting through their national Government Ministers in the Council of the European Union and the Parliament. ... A European Union decision (defined in Article 249/EC) is one of the three binding instruments provide by secondary EU legislation. ... In European Union Law a recommendation Differs from regulations, directives and decisions, in that they are not binding for Member States. ... // Origins of the EU History of the European Union European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) Euratom Single market. ...

Economic and Monetary Union
Enlargement
Foreign relations
Pan-European political parties
Table of affiliated parties by country

This article covers the EMU of the European Union. ... The European Union (EU) was originally created by the six founding states in 1952, but has grown to its current size of 25 member states. ... Foreign relations of the European Union Foreign relations of Austria Foreign relations of Belgium Foreign relations of Cyprus Foreign relations of the Czech Republic Foreign relations of Denmark Foreign relations of Estonia Foreign relations of Finland Foreign relations of France Foreign relations of Germany Foreign relations of Greece Foreign relations... A European political party, or formally a political party at European level, is a type of political party organization in the European Union, eligible to receive funding from the Union. ... The majority of major political parties in Europe have aligned themselves into the pan-European political organisations listed below. ...

The President of the European Parliament oversees all the activities of the European Parliament and its constituent bodies. He or she presides over its plenary sittings and chairs the meetings of the Bureau and Conference of Presidents. He or she represents Parliament in all external relations, particularly international relations. The European Parliament is the parliamentary body of the European Union (EU), directly elected by EU citizens once every five years. ...


The Bureau is the regulatory body responsible for Parliament's budget and for administrative matters. It consists of the President, fourteen Vice-Presidents, and five Quaestors who are responsible for administrative matters relating directly to MEPs. All the members of the Bureau are elected for a period of 30 months, elections being held at the start of and midway through each five-year Parliamentary Term. Budget generally refers to a list of all planned expenses and revenues. ... Five Quaestors in the European Parliament look after the interests of Members of the European Parliament. ... A Member of the European Parliament (English abbreviation MEP) is a member of the European Unions directly-elected legislative body, the European Parliament. ...


The Conference of Presidents is made up of the President of Parliament and the political group chairmen, and the body responsible for Parliament's political organisation. The European political party, or formally political party at European level, is a type of political party organization in the European Union, eligible to receive funding from the Union. ...

Contents


List of Presidents of the European Parliament

Presidents of the Common Assembly, 1952–1958

Dates in office Name Group Country
1952–1954 Paul Henri Spaak Socialist Belgium
1954 Alcide De Gasperi
(died in office August 19)
Christian Democrat Italy
1954–1956 Giuseppe Pella Christian Democrat Italy
1956–1958 Hans Furler Christian Democrat Germany

1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Paul-Henri Charles Spaak (January 25, 1899 - July 31, 1972) was a Belgian Socialist politician and statesman. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Alcide De Gasperi Alcide De Gasperi (3 April 1881 - 19 August 1954) was an Italian statesman and politician. ... August 19 is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Giuseppe Pella (April 18, 1902-1981) was an Italian Christian Democratic politician who served as Prime Minister of Italy from 1953 to 1954. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Presidents of the Parliamentary Assembly, 1958–1962

Dates in office Name Group Country
1958–1960 Robert Schuman Christian Democrat France
1960–1962 Hans Furler Christian Democrat Germany

1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Robert Schuman (June 29, 1886 – September 4, 1963) was a noted Luxembourg-born French politician, a Christian Democrat (M.R.P.) who is regarded as one of the founders of the European Union. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ...

Presidents of the appointed Parliament, 1962–1979

Dates in office Name Group Country
1962–1964 Gaetano Martino Liberal Italy
1964–1965 Jean Pierre Duvieusart Christian Democrat Belgium
1965–1966 Victor Leemans Christian Democrat Belgium
1966–1969 Alain Poher Christian Democrat France
1969–1971 Mario Scelba Christian Democrat Italy
1971–1973 Walter Behrendt Socialist Germany
1973–1975 Cornelis Berkhouwer Liberal Netherlands
1975–1977 Georges Spénale Socialist France
1977–1979 Emilio Colombo Christian Democrat Italy

1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... Gaetano Martino (Messina, November 25, 1900 - Rome, July 21, 1967) was an Italian politician and university teacher. ... For the Nintendo 64 emulator, see 1964 (Emulator). ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... Alain Poher (April 17, 1909 - December 9, 1996) was a French politician. ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... Mario Scelba (1901-1991) was an Italian Christian Democratic politician who served as Prime Minister of Italy from 1954-1955. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1973 calendar). ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... Emilio Colombo (born April 14, 1920) was an Italian diplomat and politician. ...

Presidents of the directly elected Parliament, 1979-present

Term Dates in office Name Group Country
1st 1979–1982 Simone Veil LDR France
1982–1984 Piet Dankert Soc Netherlands
2nd 1984–1987 Pierre Pflimlin UDF/RPR France
1987–1989 Lord Plumb ED United Kingdom
3rd 1989–1992 Enrique Barón Crespo Soc Spain
1992–1994 Egon Klepsch EPP Germany
4th 1994–1997 Klaus Hänsch PES Germany
1997–1999 José María Gil-Robles EPP Spain
5th 1999–2002 Nicole Fontaine EPP France
2002–2004 Pat Cox ELDR Republic of Ireland
6th 2004–2007 Josep Borrell Fontelles PES Spain
2007–2009 (de facto decided to be Hans-Gert Pöttering) (EPP) (Germany)

This page refers to the year 1979. ... Simone Veil Simone Veil (born Simone Annie Jacob, July 13, 1927) is a French lawyer and politician who currently serves as a member of the Constitutional Council of France. ... The European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party aisbl (founded 1993) is a liberal party, active in the European Union, uniting liberal and centrist parties around Europe which together represent more than 20 million European voters and is an international non-profit association incorporated under the laws of Belgium. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Piet Dankert (January 8, 1934 - June 21, 2003) was a Dutch politician, a member of the Partij van de Arbeid. ... The Party of European Socialists (PES) (French: Parti socialiste européen (PSE); German: Sozialdemokratische Partei Europas (SPE); Spanish: Partido socialista europeo (PSE); Italian: Partito socialista europeo (PSE)) is a European political party whose members are 30 social democratic, socialist and labour parties of the European Union member states as well... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pierre Pflimlin, French prime minister Pierre Pflimlin (February 5, 1907 - June 27, 2000) was a French Christian Democratic politician who served as the last Prime Minister of the Fourth Republic for a few weeks in 1958, before the return of Charles de Gaulle. ... For other less-common meanings of UDF, see UDF (disambiguation). ... The Rally for the Republic, also known by its French acronym RPR (Rassemblement pour la République), was a French political party. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Charles Henry Plumb, Baron Plumb (born March 27, 1925) is a British Conservative politician and farmers leader. ... EPP-ED logo The European Peoples Party - European Democrats is a group in the European Parliament. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Enrique Barón Crespo (born March 27, 1944, Madrid) is a Spanish politician and lawyer. ... The Party of European Socialists (PES) (French: Parti socialiste européen (PSE); German: Sozialdemokratische Partei Europas (SPE); Spanish: Partido socialista europeo (PSE); Italian: Partito socialista europeo (PSE)) is a European political party whose members are 30 social democratic, socialist and labour parties of the European Union member states as well... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Dr. Egon Alfred Klepsch (born January 30, 1930 in Bodenbach an der Elbe, Sudetenland) is a German politician (CDU). ... EPP-ED logo The European Peoples Party - European Democrats is a group in the European Parliament. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... Klaus Hänsch (born December 15, 1938 in Sprottau) is a German Politician. ... The Party of European Socialists (PES) (French: Parti socialiste européen (PSE); German: Sozialdemokratische Partei Europas (SPE); Spanish: Partido socialista europeo (PSE); Italian: Partito socialista europeo (PSE)) is a European political party whose members are 30 social democratic, socialist and labour parties of the European Union member states as well... 1997 (MCMXCVII in Roman) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... José María Gil-Robles is a Spanish politician. ... EPP-ED logo The European Peoples Party - European Democrats is a group in the European Parliament. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Nicole Fontaine (born 16 January 1942) is a French politician and Member of the European Parliament for the Île-de-France. ... EPP-ED logo The European Peoples Party - European Democrats is a group in the European Parliament. ... For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ... Pat Cox during a discussion at the 2004 Karlspreis ceremonies Pat Cox (born 28 November 1952) is an Irish politician and former television current affairs presenter. ... The European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party aisbl (founded 1993) is a liberal party, active in the European Union, uniting liberal and centrist parties around Europe which together represent more than 20 million European voters and is an international non-profit association incorporated under the laws of Belgium. ... It has been designated the: International Year of Rice (by the United Nations) International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition (by UNESCO) 2004 World Health Day topic was Road Safety (by World Health Organization) Year of the Monkey (by the Chinese calendar) See the world in... Josep Borrell Fontelles (born April 24, 1947 in La Pobla de Segur), is a Spanish Member of the European Parliament. ... The Party of European Socialists (PES) (French: Parti socialiste européen (PSE); German: Sozialdemokratische Partei Europas (SPE); Spanish: Partido socialista europeo (PSE); Italian: Partito socialista europeo (PSE)) is a European political party whose members are 30 social democratic, socialist and labour parties of the European Union member states as well... 2007 (MMVII) will be a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Prof. ... EPP-ED logo The European Peoples Party - European Democrats is a group in the European Parliament. ...

Election of President, July 20, 2004

The President requires an overall majority of votes cast in order to be elected. If this is not attained on the first ballot, new candidates can join the second and third ballots, but a fourth ballot is confined to the top two candidates from the third. July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... It has been designated the: International Year of Rice (by the United Nations) International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition (by UNESCO) 2004 World Health Day topic was Road Safety (by World Health Organization) Year of the Monkey (by the Chinese calendar) See the world in...


In practice in 2004 the European People's Party supported the candidate of the Party of European Socialists, who easily achieved a majority on the first ballot. It is expected that the PES will support an EPP-ED candidate for the second half of this Parliamentary Term. The European Peoples Party is a Christian democrat-conservative political party at European level founded in 1976. ... The Party of European Socialists (PES) (French: Parti socialiste européen (PSE); German: Sozialdemokratische Partei Europas (SPE); Spanish: Partido socialista europeo (PSE); Italian: Partito socialista europeo (PSE)) is a European political party whose members are 30 social democratic, socialist and labour parties of the European Union member states as well...

Candidates Group Country Votes
Josep Borrell Fontelles PES Spain 388
Bronislaw Geremek ALDE Poland 208
Francis Wurtz EUL/NGL France 51

Professor Bronisław Geremek (born March 6, 1932 in Warsaw, Poland) is a distinguished Polish social historian and politician. ... ALDE logo The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (French: Alliance des Démocrates et des Libéraux pour lEurope) is a Group in the European Parliament. ... Francis Wurtz is a French Member of the European Parliament. ... The European United Left–Nordic Green Left is a socialist and communist political grouping within the European Parliament. ...

Vice-Presidents

Elected (unopposed) July 20, 2004 in order of precedence July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... It has been designated the: International Year of Rice (by the United Nations) International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition (by UNESCO) 2004 World Health Day topic was Road Safety (by World Health Organization) Year of the Monkey (by the Chinese calendar) See the world in...

1 Alejo Vidal-Quadras Roca EPP-ED Spain
2 Antonios Trakatellis EPP-ED Greece
3 Dagmar Roth-Behrendt PES Germany
4 Edward McMillan-Scott EPP-ED United Kingdom
5 Ingo Friedrich EPP-ED Germany
6 Mario Mauro EPP-ED Italy
7 António Costa PES Portugal
8 Luigi Cocilovo ALDE Italy
9 Jacek Saryusz-Wolski EPP-ED Poland
10 Pierre Moscovici PES France
11 Miroslav Ouzký EPP-ED Czech Republic
12 Janusz Onyszkiewicz ALDE Poland
13 Gérard Onesta Greens/EFA France
14 Sylvia-Yvonne Kaufmann EUL/NGL Germany

  Results from FactBites:
 
President of the European Parliament - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (298 words)
The President of the European Parliament oversees all the activities of the European Parliament and its constituent bodies.
He or she presides over its plenary sittings and chairs the meetings of the Bureau and Conference of Presidents.
The Conference of Presidents is made up of the President of Parliament and the political group chairmen, and the body responsible for Parliament's political organisation.
European Parliament - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1827 words)
The debating chamber, the 'hemicycle' of the European Parliament in Brussels.
Although Brussels is generally treated as the 'capital' of the European Union, and the two institutions of the EU's executive, the European Commission and the Council of Ministers, both have their seats there, a protocol attached to the Treaty of Amsterdam requires that the European Parliament have monthly sessions in Strasbourg.
Thus the European Parliament is sometimes informally referred to as the 'Strasbourg Parliament' and Strasbourg as the democratic (opposed to bureaucratic) capital of Europe.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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