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Encyclopedia > President of the Confederate States

The President of the Confederate States was the Head of State of the short-lived republic of the Confederate States of America, which seceded from the United States. Seal of the Confederate States of America, Public Domain File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Queen Elizabeth II, is the Head of State of 16 countries including: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Jamaica, New Zealand and the Bahamas, as well as crown colonies and overseas territories of the United Kingdom. ... Motto: Deo Vindice (Latin: With God As Our Vindicator) Anthem: God Save the South (unofficial) Dixie (popular) Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861 Richmond, Virginia May 29, 1861–April 9, 1865 Danville, Virginia April 3–April 10, 1865 Largest city New Orleans February 4, 1861–May 1...


The only person to hold the office was Jefferson Davis. He was President from February 18, 1861 to May 10, 1865 and his vice-president was Alexander Stephens. For other uses, see Jefferson Davis (disambiguation). ... February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... May 10 is the 130th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (131st in leap years). ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... Alexander Hamilton Stephens (February 11, 1812 – March 4, 1883) was Vice President of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. ...

Contents


Office

According to the Confederate States Constitution, the President's office was almost entirely the same as that of the President of the United States. The Confederate States Constitution The Constitution of the Confederate States of America was the supreme law of the Confederate States of America, as adopted on March 11, 1861 and in effect through the conclusion of the American Civil War. ... The presidential seal was used by president Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii. ...


The President was to be:

  • chosen by an electoral college from each state in the Confederacy. Each state had as many electors as they had members in Congress (senators + representatives).
  • elected jointly with a Vice Presidential running mate (but the President and VP could not be citizens of the same state)
  • either a born citizen of the Confederacy or a born citizen of the US born prior to December 20, 1860 and to have "been fourteen years a resident within the limits of the Confederate States, as they may exist at the time of his election."
  • at least thirty-five years of age

An electoral college is a set of electors who are empowered as a deliberative body to elect someone to a particular office. ... A vice president is an officer in government or business who is next in rank below a president. ... A running mate is a person running for a subordinate position on a joint ticket during an election. ... December 20 is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ...

Powers

Jefferson Davis was the first and only President of the Confederate States.
Enlarge
Jefferson Davis was the first and only President of the Confederate States.

The President of the Confederacy held most of the same powers as the US President. Though he could not directly propose legislation, he was given the power to nominate members of the Supreme Court, ambassadors, cabinet members, and other executive officials to be approved by the Senate. Download high resolution version (550x696, 61 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (550x696, 61 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... For other uses, see Jefferson Davis (disambiguation). ... The supreme court in some countries, provinces, and states, functions as a court of last resort whose rulings cannot be challenged. ... A cabinet is a body of high-ranking members of government, typically representing the executive branch. ...


He was also Commander-in-Chief of the Confederate Army and held veto power over legislation. Commander-in-Chief (in NATO-lingo often C-in-C or CINC pronounced sink) is the commander of all the military forces within a particular region or of all the military forces of a state. ... The word veto comes from Latin and literally means I forbid. ... Bold textJAMES CHECKLEY Legislation (or statutory law) is law which has been promulgated (or enacted) by a legislature or other governing body. ...


The President could be impeached by Congress for "treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors."


Differences

There were a few key differences between the Confederate President and the United States President:

  • Unlike the United States, which allowed for indefinite re-election (until 1951) of both the President and Vice President after a four-year term, the Confederacy limited both offices to only one, six-year term. After the war, this innovation gained considerable popularity in the re-constituted Union, most notably being endorsed by Rutherford B. Hayes in his inaugural address.
  • One unique power granted to the Confederate president was the ability to subject a bill to a line item veto, a power held by some state governors.

1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... Rutherford Birchard Hayes (October 4, 1822 – January 17, 1893) was an American politician, lawyer, and military leader from the U.S. state of Ohio. ... In government, the line-item veto is the power of an executive to veto parts of a bill, usually budget appropriations. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Constitution of the Confederate States of America - 2003 (5327 words)
The Confederate States shall be open for inclusion to all jurisdictions and territories who may petition to become a part of the Confederate States, and who by their regional convention, election, or plebecite, agree to ratify this Constitution.
The President shall, at stated times, receive for his services a compensation, which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the period for which he shall have been elected; and he shall not receive within that period any other emolument from the Confederate States, or any of them.
The President shall have power to fill all vacancies that may happen during the recess of the Senate, by granting commissions which shall expire at the end of their next session; but no person rejected by the Senate shall be reappointed to the same office during their ensuing recess.
Jefferson Davis: Biography and Much More from Answers.com (4764 words)
The provisional congress of the newly-formed Confederate States of America chose Davis as president and commander of its military forces, and in February of 1862 he was elected by the popular vote.
He is most famous for serving as the only President of the Confederate States of America, leading the rebelling southern slave states (the Confederate States) to defeat during the American Civil War, 1861-65.
Davis was elected to a six-year term as president of the Confederacy on November 6, 1861.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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