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Encyclopedia > President of Sri Lanka

The President of Sri Lanka is the head of state and dominant political figure in Sri Lanka. The office was created in 1978 but has grown so powerful there have been calls to restrict or even eliminate its power. The current President is Mahinda Rajapaksa. Queen Elizabeth II, is the Head of State of 16 countries including: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Jamaica, New Zealand and the Bahamas, as well as crown colonies and overseas territories of the United Kingdom. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Percy Mahendra Mahinda Rajapaksa (born November 18, 1945) is the President of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, and a Sri Lankan politician. ...

Sri Lanka

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Sri Lanka
Sri Lankan coat of arms This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... Politics of Sri Lanka takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Sri Lanka is both head of state and head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...



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Flag of the President of Sri Lanka // List of presidents The following is a list of Sri Lankan Presidents. ... Percy Mahendra Mahinda Rajapaksa (born November 18, 1945) is the President of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, and a Sri Lankan politician. ... The following is a list of Sri Lankan Prime Ministers: Don Stephen Senanayake (February 4, 1948 - March 26, 1952) Dudley Shelton Senanayake (March 26, 1952 - October 12, 1953) John Lionel Kotalawela (October 12, 1953 - April 12, 1956) Solomon Ridgeway Dias Bandaranaike (April 12, 1956 - September 26, 1959) Wijeyananda Dahanayake (September... Ratnasiri Wickremanayake (born on May 5, 1933) is the 14th Prime Minister of Sri Lanka and a veteran politician. ... The Parliament of Sri Lanka is a Unicameral 225-member legislature elected by universal suffrage and proportional representation for a six-year term. ... This article lists political parties in Sri Lanka. ... During the Donoughmore period of political experimentation (1931-48), several Sri Lanka leftist parties were formed. ... Politics of Sri Lanka Categories: Election related stubs | Elections in Sri Lanka ... Sri Lanka is divided into eight provinces for the purposes of local governance. ... Below the provinces Sri Lanka is divided into 25 administrative districts. ... Combatants Military of Sri Lanka Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Commanders Junius Richard Jayawardene (1983-89) Ranasinghe Premadasa (1989-93) Dingiri Banda Wijetunge (1993-94) Chandrika Kumaratunga (1994-2005) Mahinda Rajapaksa (2005-present) Velupillai Prabhakaran Strength 111,000[1] 11,000[2] The Sri Lankan civil war is an ongoing... Sri Lanka traditionally follows a nonaligned foreign policy but has been seeking closer relations with the United States since December 1977. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ...

Sri Lanka's Executive Presidency

At independence, Sri Lanka had no president. Executive power resided with the Prime Minister; titular power was with the Governor General. The 1972 constitution replaced the Governor General with a President, but that remained a ceremonial position. The following is a list of Sri Lankan Prime Ministers: Don Stephen Senanayake (February 4, 1948 - March 26, 1952) Dudley Shelton Senanayake (March 26, 1952 - October 12, 1953) John Lionel Kotalawela (October 12, 1953 - April 12, 1956) Solomon Ridgeway Dias Bandaranaike (April 12, 1956 - September 26, 1959) Vijayananda Dahanayake (September... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...


The 1978 constitution moved from a Westminster-based political system into one modeled on France. As in France, a new, directly elected President with a longer term and independence from Parliament was created. The President was commander-in-chief of the armed forces, chose the Prime Minister, and could dissolve Parliament. 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Westminster is a district within the City of Westminster in London. ... The Parliament of Sri Lanka is a Unicameral 225-member legislature elected by universal suffrage and proportional representation for a six-year term. ...


In practice, the Sri Lankan presidency was much more powerful than the President of France. French presidents traditionally deal only with defense and foreign policy, leaving domestic affairs to the Prime Minister. Sri Lankan presidents are involved with every aspect of the government and are able to hold cabinet posts, or can bypass the cabinet posts by delegating decisions to the Presidential Secretariat. The President of France, known officially as the President of the Republic (Président de la République in French), is Frances elected Head of State. ...


Presidents have very little constraints on their power; they cannot be impeached and they cannot be taken to court. They can place the country in a state of emergency, under which they can override any law passed by Parliament and promulgate any regulation without needing legislative approval. Impeachment is the process by which a legislative body formally levels charges against a high official of government. ... A state of emergency is a governmental declaration that may suspend certain normal functions of government, may work to alert citizens to alter their normal behaviors, or may order government agencies to implement emergency preparedness plans. ...


The considerable power of the President has often been blamed for the decline of democracy in Sri Lanka. The Black July pogroms, the death squads used to crush the second JVP uprising, and the frequent use of torture, and denial of rights like habeas corpus during the Sri Lankan civil war have been traced to decisions made unilaterally by Presidents and unchallenged anywhere else in the political system. Black July is the commonly used name of the genocidal pogroms starting in Sri Lanka on July 23, 1983. ... A death squad is an extra-judicial group whose members execute or assassinate persons they believe to be politically unreliable or undesirable. ... The Peoples Liberation Front (Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna) is a marxist Sinhalese political party in Sri Lanka was involved in 1987-89 insurrection in Sri Lanka which were lost around 50,000 lives. ... Torture is the infliction of pain intended to break the will of the victim or victims. ... In common law countries, habeas corpus (/heɪbiəs kɔɹpəs/), Latin for you [should] have the body, is the name of a legal action or writ by means of which detainees can seek relief from unlawful imprisonment. ... Combatants Military of Sri Lanka Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Commanders Junius Richard Jayawardene (1983-89) Ranasinghe Premadasa (1989-93) Dingiri Banda Wijetunge (1993-94) Chandrika Kumaratunga (1994-2005) Mahinda Rajapaksa (2005-present) Velupillai Prabhakaran Strength 111,000[1] 11,000[2] The Sri Lankan civil war is an ongoing...


In the 1994 election, Chandrika Kumaratunga of the People's Alliance promised to be the last Executive President, bringing in constitutional reforms to return to Westminster-style government. This did not happen during her time in office. Although many Sri Lankans would like to eliminate the post, the seductions of power it provides make this unlikely. Source: [1] Categories: | ... Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga (born June 29, 1945) was the 5th President of Sri Lanka and 4th Executive President of Sri Lanka (November 12, 1994 - November 19, 2005). ... The Peoples Alliance is the English name of several parties Spain The Peoples Alliance (in Spanish Alianza Popular) was a political party in Spain. ...


List of presidents

The following is a list of Sri Lankan Presidents. The President is elected under the Sri Lankan form of the contingent vote. In Sri Lanka a variant of the contingent vote electoral system is used to elect the President. ...

William Gopallawa (September 17, 1897 -- 1981) was the first President of Sri Lanka. ... May 22 is the 142nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (143rd in leap years). ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Junius Richard Jayewardene (September 17, 1906 November 1, 1996) was a Sri Lankan politician. ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... January 2 is the second day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... January 2 is the second day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Dingiri Banda Wijetunge (born 1922) was the governor of North Western province, Sri Lanka from 1988 to 1989, prime minister of Sri Lanka from 3 March 1989 to 7 May 1993 and President of Sri Lanka from 1 May 1993 to 12 November 1994. ... May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... November 12 is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 49 days remaining. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga (born June 29, 1945) was the 5th President of Sri Lanka and 4th Executive President of Sri Lanka (November 12, 1994 - November 19, 2005). ... November 12 is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 49 days remaining. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... November 19 is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Percy Mahendra Mahinda Rajapaksa (born November 18, 1945) is the President of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, and a Sri Lankan politician. ... November 19 is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Last election

[discuss] – [edit]
Summary of the 17 November 2005 Sri Lanka presidential election results
Candidate Party Votes %
Mahinda Rajapakse United People's Freedom Alliance 4,887,152 50.29
Ranil Wickremesinghe United National Party 4,706,366 48.43
Siritunga Jayasuriya United Socialist Party 35,425 0.36
Ashoka Suraweera Jathika Sangwardhena Peramuna 31,238 0.32
Victor Hettigoda Eksath Lanka Podujana Pakshaya 14,458 0.15
Chamil Jayaneththi New Left Front 9,296 0.10
Aruna de Soyza Ruhunu Janatha Party 7,685 0.08
Wimal Geeganage Sri Lanka National Front 6,639 0.07
Anura de Silva United Lalith Front 6,357 0.07
Ajith Arachchige Democratic Unity Alliance 5,082 0.05
Wije Dias Socialist Equality Party 3,500 0.04
Nelson Perera Sri Lanka Progressive Front 2,525 0.03
H. Dharmadwaja United National Alternative Front 1,316 0.01
Total 9,717,039  
Registered Voters 13,327,160
Total Votes cast 9,826,778
Invalid Votes 109,739
Valid Votes cast 9,717,039

17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mahinda Rajapaksa Mahinda Rajapaksa (born November 18, 1945), Sri Lankan politician, became Prime Minister of Sri Lanka on April 6, 2004, following the victory of the United Peoples Freedom Alliance in the April 2, 2004 Sri Lankan legislative elections. ... UPFA election symbol The United Peoples Freedom Alliance is a political alliance in Sri Lanka. ... Ranil Wickremesinghe was Prime Minister of Sri Lanka during 1993-1994, and 2001-2004 Ranil Shriyan Wickremasinghe (born March 24, 1949) is a popular Sri Lankan politician. ... The United National Party (UNP, Sinhalese:(pronounced Eksath Jathika Pakshaya), Tamil: ஐக்கிய தேசியக் கட்சி) is a political party in Sri Lanka. ... Siritunga Jayasuriya was a contestant in the Sri Lanka presidential election in 2005. ... The United Socialist Party (USP) is a Trotskyist political party in Sri Lanka. ... Victor Hettigoda is a candidate for the November 17, 2005 Sri Lankan Presidential Elections. ... The New Left Front is a left wing electoral coalition in Sri Lanka. ... The Socialist Equality Party is a Trotskyist political party in Sri Lanka. ...

See also

Percy Mahendra Mahinda Rajapaksa (born November 18, 1945) is the President of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, and a Sri Lankan politician. ...

External links

  • Sri Lankan President's Official Web Site
  • Indian Express on the Executive Presidency

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Sri Lanka - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4726 words)
Sri Lanka is a centre of bird endemism.
Sri Lanka's population is highly educated with a literacy rate of 96%, higher than that typical of a third world country and one of the highest rates in South Asia.
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The president of the republic, who is directly elected for a six-year term, serves as head of state, head of government and commander in chief of the armed forces.
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