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Encyclopedia > President of Singapore
Singapore

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Singapore
Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... The politics of Singapore takes place in a framework of a parliamentary republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Singapore is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...


Constitution


Legislature A Legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to create, amend and ratify laws. ...


Executive Sellapan Ramanathan (born July 3, 1924) is the sixth and current President of the Republic of Singapore. ... The unicameral Parliament of Singapore is the legislature of Singapore with the President as its head [1]. It currently consists of 94 Members of Parliament. ... The constituencies of Singapore are electoral divisions in the politics of Singapore which may be represented single or multiple seats in the Parliament of Singapore. ... The following is a historical list of members for the current and past nine Parliaments of Singapore External references Members of Parliament Categories: Singaporean Members of Parliament | Government of Singapore | Politics of Singapore | Singaporean politicians | Singapore-related lists ... Non-Constituency Members of Parliament (NCMPs) are members of the opposition parties who were appointed as members of the Parliament of Singapore even though they had lost in the parliamentary election. ... A Nominated Member of Parliament (NMP) is an unelected MP that does not represent any electoral district in the Parliament of Singapore. ... Political parties in Singapore lists political parties in Singapore. ...


Judiciary The government of Singapore consists of several departments, known as ministries and statutory boards in Singapore. ... The cabinet of Singapore forms the executive and it is headed by the prime minister, who is the head of government. ... The Priminster of Singa pyohbsdg vjhd|Lee Kuan Yew||3 June 1959 || 28 November 1990 || 1968 GE 94. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is 李 (Lee) Lee Hsien Loong (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; born February 10, 1952) is the third and current Prime Minister of Singapore. ... In the law, the judiciary or judicial system is the system of courts which administer justice in the name of the sovereign or state, a mechanism for the resolution of disputes. ...


Elections Judicial power in Singapore is vested in the Supreme Court as well as surbodinate courts by the constitution. ... The Chief Justice of Singapore is the highest post in the judicial system of Singapore. ... Chan Sek Keong is the current Chief Justice of Singapore since taking over from former Chief Justice, Mr Yong Pung How, on 11 April, 2006. ... There are currently two types of Elections in Singapore in Singapore: parliamentary; and (since 1993) presidential. ...



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The President of the Republic of Singapore is Singapore's head of state. In a Westminster parliamentary system, which Singapore possesses, the prime minister is the head of the government while the position of president is largely ceremonial. Before 1993, the President of Singapore was appointed by Parliament. Following constitutional changes brought into force in 1991, the President became a popularly-elected post. The first elected President was Ong Teng Cheong, who served from 1 September 1993 to 31 August 1999. The current President of Singapore is S.R. Nathan, who first became the head of state in 18 August 1999 and is presently serving his second term of office. The Singapore national referendum of 1962, or also commonly referred to as the Merger Referendum of Singapore was the first and only referendum to date held in Singapore on September 1, 1962. ... Presidential elections in Singapore were first held in 1991 when constitutional admendments allowed Singaporeans to elect the President of Singapore by popular vote. ... The Parliamentary elections in Singapore began with the independence of Singapore from the Federation of Malaysia on 9 August 1965, thus renaming the Singapore State Governments Legislative Assembly as the Parliament of Singapore. ... The 2006 Singapore parliamentary general election was an election in Singapore held on May 6, 2006. ... Women in Singapore traditionally played a small role in the politics of Singapore and Singapores public life. ... Singapore maintains diplomatic relations with 175 countries[1] although it does not maintain a high commission or embassy in many of those countries. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... For the comedy film of the same name, see Head of State (film). ... The Houses of Parliament, also known as the Palace of Westminster, in London. ... A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... For other uses, see President (disambiguation). ... The unicameral Parliament of Singapore is the legislature of Singapore with the President as its head [1]. It currently consists of 94 Members of Parliament. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Ong Ong Teng Cheong (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; January 22, 1936 - February 8, 2002) was the first directly elected President of Republic of Singapore. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... Sellapan Ramanathan (born July 3, 1924) is the sixth and current President of the Republic of Singapore. ... is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ...


The President is a ceremonial head of state broadly analogous to the British monarch, but the 1991 constitutional amendments gave the President certain reserve powers over government expenditure of financial reserves and appointments to key public offices. The President's official residence is the Istana. This article is about the monarchy of the United Kingdom, one of sixteen that share a common monarch; for information about this constitutional relationship, see Commonwealth realm; for information on the reigning monarch, see Elizabeth II. For information about other Commonwealth realm monarchies, as well as other relevant articles, see... The Istana, the official residence and office of the President of Singapore. ...

Contents

History

The office of President was created in 1965 after Singapore became a republic upon its secession from the Federation of Malaysia that year. It replaced the office of Yang di-Pertuan Negara, which had been created when Singapore attained self-government in 1959. The last Yang di-Pertuan Negara, Yusof bin Ishak, became the first President. He was replaced by Benjamin Henry Sheares after his death, who served as President until his death in 1981, when he was succeeded by Chengara Veetil Devan Nair. Owing to personal problems, Nair stepped down in 1985 and was replaced by Wee Kim Wee, who served as President until 1993. Look up republic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Motto: Bersekutu Bertambah Mutu Unity Is Strength1 Anthem: Negaraku My Country1 Capital (and largest city) Kuala Lumpur Official languages Malay2  Demonym Malaysian Government Federal constitutional monarchy and Parliamentary democracy  -  Yang di-Pertuan Agong Mizan Zainal Abidin  -  Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi Independence  -  from the United Kingdom (Malaya only... Yang di-Pertuan Negara is a title in Malay that is translated as the Head of State, which was used in Singapore between 1959 and 1965. ... This is a Malay name; the name Ishak is a patronymic, not a family name, and the person should be addressed by his or her given name, Yusof. The Malay word bin () or binte (), if used, means son of or daughter of respectively. ... Benjamin Henry Sheares (August 12, 1907-May 12, 1981) was the second President of Singapore. ... Mr. ... Wee Kim Wee (Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ; November 4, 1915–May 2, 2005) was the fourth President of Singapore, from 1985 to 1993. ...


In January 1991, the Constitution of Singapore[1] was amended to provide for the popular election of the President. The creation of the elected presidency was a major constitutional and political change in Singapore's history as, under the revision, the President is empowered to veto the use of government reserves and appointments to key civil service appointments. He or she can also examine the administration's enforcement of the Internal Security Act[2] and Maintenance of Religious Harmony Act,[3] and look into investigations of corruption. The Constitution of Singapore is the supreme law of Singapore and it is a codified constitution. ... Presidential elections in Singapore were first held in 1991 when constitutional admendments allowed Singaporeans to elect the President of Singapore by popular vote. ... The Roman civil service in action. ... The Internal Security Act (ISA) of Singapore[1] confers on the government the right to arrest and detain individuals without trial in certain defined circumstances. ...


The first and only directly-elected President was Ong Teng Cheong, a former cabinet minister. He served as President from 1 September 1993 to 31 August 1999. By virtue of transitional provisions in the Singapore Constitution,[4] although Ong's predecessor Wee Kim Wee was not elected as President, because he held the office of President immediately prior to 30 November 1991 he exercised, performed and discharged all the functions, powers and duties of an elected president as if he had been elected to the office of President by the citizens of Singapore until Ong Teng Cheong took office as President. This is a Chinese name; the family name is Ong Ong Teng Cheong (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; January 22, 1936 - February 8, 2002) was the first directly elected President of Republic of Singapore. ... A minister or a secretary is a politician who holds significant public office in a national or regional government. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... Wee Kim Wee (Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ; November 4, 1915–May 2, 2005) was the fourth President of Singapore, from 1985 to 1993. ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ...


In 1996, the government limited the powers of the President, when it amended the Constitution to provide that a presidential veto can be overridden with a two-thirds majority in Parliament.


The incumbent President is Sellapan Ramanathan, widely known as S.R. Nathan. He was not directly elected by the people, but became the President by virtue of being the sole candidate deemed qualified by the Presidential Elections Committee. His first term of office was from 18 August 1999 to 31 August 2005. He was re-elected after a walkover on 17 August 2005. His current term of office will expire in 2011. Sellapan Ramanathan (born July 3, 1924) is the sixth and current President of the Republic of Singapore. ... is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A walkover is the awarding of a victory to a contestant because there are no other contestants, or because the other contestants have been disqualified or have forfeited. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Qualifications

The Presidential flag.

To be qualified to be elected President, a person must satisfy the following requirements: Image File history File links President_of_Singapore_Flag. ... Image File history File links President_of_Singapore_Flag. ...

  • He or she must be a citizen of Singapore.[5]
  • He or she must not be less than 45 years of age.[6]
  • His or her name must appear in a current register of electors.[7]
  • He or she must be resident in Singapore at the date of his or her nomination for election and must have been so resident for periods amounting in the aggregate to not less than ten years prior to that date.[8]
  • He or she must not be subject to any of the following disqualifications:[9]
(a) being and having been found or declared to be of unsound mind;
(b) being an undischarged bankrupt;
(c) holding an office of profit;
(d) having been nominated for election to Parliament or the office of President or having acted as election agent to a person so nominated, failing to lodge any return of election expenses required by law within the time and in the manner so required;
(e) having been convicted of an offence by a court of law in Singapore or Malaysia and sentenced to imprisonment for a term of not less than one year or to a fine of not less than S$2,000 and having not received a free pardon, provided that where the conviction is by a court of law in Malaysia, the person shall not be disqualified unless the offence is also one which, had it been committed in Singapore, would have been punishable by a court of law in Singapore;[10]
(f) having voluntarily acquired the citizenship of, or exercised rights of citizenship in, a foreign country, or having made a declaration of allegiance to a foreign country;[11]
(g) being disqualified under any law relating to offences in connection with elections to Parliament or the office of President by reason of having been convicted of such an offence or having in proceedings relating to such an election been proved guilty of an act constituting such an offence.
  • He or she must satisfy the Presidential Elections Committee that he or she is a person of integrity, good character and reputation.[12]
  • He or she must not be a member of any political party on the date of his or her nomination for election.[13]
  • He or she must have for a period of not less than three years held office —
    • as Minister, Chief Justice, Speaker, Attorney-General, Chairman of the Public Service Commission, Auditor-General, Accountant-General or Permanent Secretary;[14]
    • as chairman or chief executive officer of the Central Provident Fund Board, the Housing and Development Board, the Jurong Town Corporation or the Monetary Authority of Singapore;[15]
    • as chairman of the board of directors or chief executive officer of a company incorporated or registered under the Companies Act[16] with a paid-up capital of at least S$100 million or its equivalent in foreign currency;[17] or
    • in any other similar or comparable position of seniority and responsibility in any other organization or department of equivalent size or complexity in the public or private sector which, in the opinion of the Presidential Elections Committee, has given him or her such experience and ability in administering and managing financial affairs as to enable him or her to carry out effectively the functions and duties of the office of President.[18]

The national flag of Singapore Singaporean nationality law is derived from the Constitution of Singapore and is based on jus sanguinis and a modified form of jus soli. ... The cabinet of Singapore forms the executive and it is headed by the prime minister, who is the head of government. ... The Chief Justice of Singapore is the highest post in the judicial system of Singapore. ... The speaker of the Parliament in Singapore is the head officer in the Parliament of Singapore. ... In most common law jurisdictions, the Attorney General or Attorney-General is the main legal advisor to the government, and in some jurisdictions may in addition have executive responsibility for law enforcement or responsibility for public prosecutions. ... The Public Service Commission (PSC), Singapore, is constituted under Part IX of the Constitution of Singapore and its constitutional role is to appoint, confirm, promote, transfer, dismiss and exercise disciplinary control over public officers in Singapore. ... The Permanent Secretary, in most departments officially titled the Permanent Under-Secretary of State (although the full title is rarely used), is the most senior civil servant of a British Government ministry, charged with running the department on a day-to-day basis. ... The Central Provident Fund (CPF) (Chinese: 公积金) is a compulsory comprehensive social security savings plan which aims to provide working Singaporeans with a sense of security and confidence in their old age. ... It has been suggested that Public housing in Singapore be merged into this article or section. ... JTC Corporation, formerly the Jurong Town Corporation, is a Singaporean industrial developer. ... The Monetary Authority of Singapore is Singapores central bank. ...

Disabilities

Benjamin Henry Sheares (right) is sworn in for his third term as President of Singapore, witnessed by then-Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew on 30 December 1978.

Once elected, the President shall — Benjamin Henry Sheares (August 12, 1907-May 12, 1981) was the second President of Singapore. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is 李 (Li) Lee Kuan Yew, GCMG, CH (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; born September 16, 1923; also spelled Lee Kwan-Yew) is a Singaporean of Chinese immigrant background. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ...

  • not hold any other office created or recognized by the Singapore Constitution;
  • not actively engage in any commercial enterprise;
  • not be a member of any political party; and
  • if he or she is a member of Parliament, vacate his or her seat in Parliament.[19]

Term of office

The President holds office for a term of six years from the date on which he or she assumes office.


The person elected to the office of President assumes office on the day his or her predecessor ceases to hold office or, if the office is vacant, on the day following his or her election.


Upon his or her assumption of office, the President is required to take and subscribe in the presence of the Chief Justice or of another Justice of the Supreme Court the Oath of Office, which states:[20]

I, [name], having been elected President of the Republic of Singapore, do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully discharge my duties as such to be best of my ability without fear or favour, affection or ill-will, and without regard to any previous affiliation with any political party, and that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the Republic, and that I will preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Republic of Singapore.

Download high resolution version (1100x723, 140 KB)Secretary of Defense William S. Cohen (left) greets President S.R. Nathan (right), of Singapore, at his office on October 2, 1999. ... Download high resolution version (1100x723, 140 KB)Secretary of Defense William S. Cohen (left) greets President S.R. Nathan (right), of Singapore, at his office on October 2, 1999. ... Sellapan Ramanathan (born July 3, 1924) is the sixth and current President of the Republic of Singapore. ... The United States Secretary of Defense (SECDEF) is the head of the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), concerned with the armed services and military matters. ... William Cohen William Sebastian Cohen (born August 28, 1940) is a Republican politician from Maine who served as a United States Secretary of Defense under President Clinton. ... The Istana, the official residence and office of the President of Singapore. ...

Maintenance: The Civil List

The Legislature of Singapore is required to provide a Civil List for the maintenance of the President,[21] and it does so by way of the Civil List and Pension Act.[22] For the fiscal year 2006, the President's personal pay, known by the British term the "privy purse", is S$2,661,700, an increase from the previous figure of S$2,507,200, while his entertainment allowance is S$132,000, up from S$117,000. The amount set aside for expenses at the Istana is S$1,301,500, up from S$1,108,500. Minister of State (Finance) Lim Hwee Hua told Parliament on 23 January 2007 that the increases were "in view of higher bonuses and higher expenditure on utilities". A civil list is a list of individuals to whom money is paid by the government. ... In the past, the UKs Civil Government day-to-day costs were paid for by the Sovereign under normal circumstances, the monies in this Public Purse being raised by from the income of the Crown Estate lands and holdings. ... ISO 4217 Code SGD User(s) Singapore, Brunei Inflation 1% Source The World Factbook, 2006 est. ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


Expenditure on personal staff and special services has been lowered by S$8,800 for personal staff and by S$28,300 for special services such as the purchase of cars and office equipment.[23]


Election

Presidential Elections Committee

The Presidential Elections Committee is established by Article 18 of the Constitution. Its function is to ensure that candidates for the office of President have the qualifications referred to in Article 19 of the Constitution.[24]


The Committee consists of:[25]

For the Singapore Presidential Election of 2005, the members of the Presidential Elections Committee were Dr. Andrew Chew Guan Khuan (Chairman), Lim Siong Guan and H.R. Hochstadt.[27] The Public Service Commission (PSC), Singapore, is constituted under Part IX of the Constitution of Singapore and its constitutional role is to appoint, confirm, promote, transfer, dismiss and exercise disciplinary control over public officers in Singapore. ... The Presidential Council for Minority Rights is a govenment body in Singapore. ... The Singapore presidential election of 2005 was to be held on 27 August 2005 to elect the President of Singapore. ...


Latest election

During the election of 2005, just like that of 1999, no balloting was held. As the Presidential Elections Committee determined that no other candidates satisfied the qualifications prescribed by the Constitution, S.R. Nathan was declared President unopposed. For the town in France, see Ballots, Mayenne. ... Sellapan Ramanathan (born July 3, 1924) is the sixth and current President of the Republic of Singapore. ...

e•d Summary of the 27 August 2005 Singapore presidential election results
Candidate Votes
S.R. Nathan without ballot

Sellapan Ramanathan (born July 3, 1924) is the sixth and current President of the Republic of Singapore. ...

List of Presidents of the Republic of Singapore

# Portrait President Start of term End of term
1 Yusof bin Ishak
(12 August 191023 November 1970)
9 August 1965 23 November 1970
Following the death of President Yusof bin Ishak, the Speaker of Parliament Yeoh Ghim Seng was installed by Parliament as Acting President until the appointment of Benjamin Henry Sheares on 2 January 1971.
2 Benjamin Henry Sheares
(12 August 190712 May 1981)
2 January 1971 12 May 1981
Once again, following the death of President Benjamin Henry Sheares, the Speaker of Parliament Yeoh Ghim Seng was installed by Parliament as Acting President until the appointment of C. V. Devan Nair on 23 October 1981.
3 C.V. (Chengara Veetil) Devan Nair
(5 August 19236 December 2005)
23 October 1981 27 March 1985
Following the resignation of President C.V. Devan Nair, Chief Justice Wee Chong Jin was installed by Parliament as Acting President until 29 March when he was replaced by Speaker of Parliament Yeoh Ghim Seng until the appointment of Wee Kim Wee on 3 September 1985.
4 Wee Kim Wee
(4 November 19152 May 2005)
3 September 1985 1 September 1993
After the Constitution was amended in 1991, the term of President Wee Kim Wee was fixed to end on 1 September 1993. On that date, President Ong Teng Cheong, the first directly-elected President of Singapore, assumed office.
5 Ong Teng Cheong
(22 January 19368 February 2002)
1 September 1993 1 September 1999
President Ong completed his term of office on 1 September 1999 and was succeeded by S.R. Nathan who ran unopposed on Nomination Day in 1999. President Nathan was subsequently re-elected in 2005.
6 S.R. Nathan (Sellapan Ramanathan)
(born 3 July 1924)
1 September 1999 Present

Prior to the introduction of elections for the Presidency, between 1965 and 1993 the Presidents of Singapore were Malay, Eurasian, Indian and Chinese in turn. While there might have been some general expectation that a system of rotation among the ethnic groups in Singapore would have continued to apply, this possibility was put to rest by the introduction of an elected Presidency in 1991. There are no constitutional provisions specifying that such system should apply. Image File history File links This work is copyrighted. ... This is a Malay name; the name Ishak is a patronymic, not a family name, and the person should be addressed by his or her given name, Yusof. The Malay word bin () or binte (), if used, means son of or daughter of respectively. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... It has been suggested that Speakers of the House be merged into this article or section. ... Dr. Yeoh Ghim Seng (June 22, 1918 – June 3, 1993) was Speaker of the Parliament of Singapore from 1970 to 1989. ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar, known as the year of cyclohexanol. ... Image File history File links This work is copyrighted. ... Benjamin Henry Sheares (August 12, 1907-May 12, 1981) was the second President of Singapore. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar, known as the year of cyclohexanol. ... is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Dr. Yeoh Ghim Seng (June 22, 1918 – June 3, 1993) was Speaker of the Parliament of Singapore from 1970 to 1989. ... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links This work is copyrighted. ... Chengara Veetil Devan Nair, also known as C. V. Devan Nair (August 5, 1923–December 6, 2005), was the third President of Singapore and was elected by Parliament on October 23, 1981. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The Chief Justice of Singapore is the highest post in the judicial system of Singapore. ... Wee Chong Jin (Chinese: 黄宗仁, born 1917, Penang–June 5, 2005) was the former chief justice of Singapore from 1963–1990. ... is the 88th day of the year (89th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Dr. Yeoh Ghim Seng (June 22, 1918 – June 3, 1993) was Speaker of the Parliament of Singapore from 1970 to 1989. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Wee Kim Wee (Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ; November 4, 1915–May 2, 2005) was the fourth President of Singapore, from 1985 to 1993. ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday[1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 122nd day of the year (123rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Ong Ong Teng Cheong (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; January 22, 1936 - February 8, 2002) was the first directly elected President of Republic of Singapore. ... is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1536 × 2048 pixel, file size: 1. ... Sellapan Ramanathan (born July 3, 1924) is the sixth and current President of the Republic of Singapore. ... is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the rap album, see 1924 (album). ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Constitution of the Republic of Singapore (1999 Reprint).
  2. ^ Internal Security Act (Cap. 143, 1985 Rev. Ed.).
  3. ^ Maintenance of Religious Harmony Act (Cap. 167A, 2001 Rev. Ed.).
  4. ^ Singapore Constitution, above, Art. 163(1).
  5. ^ Singapore Constitution, above, Art. 19(2)(a).
  6. ^ Singapore Constitution, above, Art. 19(2)(b).
  7. ^ Singapore Constitution, above, Art. 19(2)(c) read with Art. 44(2)(c).
  8. ^ Singapore Constitution, above, Art. 19(2)(c) read with Art. 44(2)(d).
  9. ^ Singapore Constitution, above, Art. 19(2)(d) read with Art. 45.
  10. ^ The disqualification of a person under clauses (d) and (e) may be removed by the President and shall, if not so removed, cease at the end of five years beginning from the date on which the return mentioned in clause (d) was required to be lodged or, as the case may be, the date on which the person convicted as mentioned in clause (e) was released from custody or the date on which the fine mentioned in clause (1) (e) was imposed on such person: Singapore Constitution, above, Art. 45(2).
  11. ^ A person shall not be disqualified under this clause by reason only of anything done by him or her before he or she became a citizen of Singapore: Singapore Constitution, above, Art. 45(2). In clause (f), "foreign country" does not include any part of the Commonwealth or the Republic of Ireland: Art. 45(3).
  12. ^ Singapore Constitution, above, Art. 19(2)(e).
  13. ^ Singapore Constitution, above, Art. 19(2)(f).
  14. ^ Singapore Constitution, above, Art. 19(2)(g)(i).
  15. ^ Singapore Constitution, above, Art. 19(2)(g)(ii) read with Art. 22A(3) and Pt. I of the Fifth Schedule.
  16. ^ Cap. 50, 2006 Rev. Ed. (S'pore).
  17. ^ Singapore Constitution, above, Art. 19(2)(g)(iii).
  18. ^ Singapore Constitution, above, Art. 19(2)(g)(iv).
  19. ^ Singapore Constitution, above, Arts. 19(3)(a)–(d).
  20. ^ Singapore Constitution, above, Arts. 20(1)–20(3) and the First Schedule.
  21. ^ Singapore Constitution, above, Art. 22J(1).
  22. ^ Civil List and Pension Act (Cap. 44, 2002 Rev. Ed.)
  23. ^ Paulo, Derrick A.. "Parliament Raises President's Pay", Today, 2007-01-24. 
  24. ^ Singapore Constitution, above, Art. 18(1).
  25. ^ Singapore Constitution, above, Arts. 18(2)(a)–(c).
  26. ^ Singapore Constitution, above, Art. 18(3).
  27. ^ “Presidential Elections Committee (No. 1342 of 2005)”, Government Gazette, 2007-05-27, <http://www.elections.gov.sg/gazette/20050527b.pdf> .

The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2008. ... Today is a free English-language tabloid in Singapore published by government-owned Mediacorp Press. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • Tan, Kevin Y.L. (Yew Lee); Lam Peng Er (eds.) (1997). Managing Political Change in Singapore : The Elected Presidency. Singapore: Routledge. ISBN 0415156327. 

External links

  • Official website of the Office of the President of the Republic of Singapore

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