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Encyclopedia > President of Russia
President of the
Russian Federation

Official Standard
Incumbent:
Dmitry Medvedev
Appointer Direct popular vote
Term length Four years, renewable once,
consecutively
Inaugural CPD of RSFSR (April 4, 1991)[1]
Formation July 10, 1991
Website (Russian) kremlin.ru/
(English) kremlin.ru/eng/
Russia

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Russia
Motto: none Anthem: Hymn of the Russian Federation Capital Moscow Largest city Moscow Official language(s) Russian Government Semi-presidential Federal republic  - President of Russia Vladimir Putin  - Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov Independence From the Soviet Union   - Declared June 12, 1991   - Finalized December 25, 1991  Area    - Total 17,075,400 km... Image File history File links Standard_of_the_President_of_the_Russian_Federation. ... Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev (Russian: ; Russian pronunciation: ; born 14 September 1965) is the current President of Russia, inaugurated on May 7, 2008. ... Term of office refers to the length of time a person (usually a politician) serves in a particular office. ... Inauguration Day is the day on which the President of the United States is sworn in and takes office. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_Arms_of_the_Russian_Federation. ... The politics of Russia (or the Russian Federation) take place in a framework of a federal presidential republic. ...



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The President of Russia (Russian: Президент России, Prezident Rossii, President of the Russian Federation, Russian: Президент Российской Федерации, Prezident Rossijskoj Federacii) (before December 25, 1991: Russian: Президент Российской Советской Федеративной Социалистической Республики, Prezident Rossijskoj Sovetskoj Federativnoj Sotsialisticheskoj Respubliki) is the Head of State and highest office within the Government of Russia. Executive power is split between the President and the Prime Minister, who is the Head of Government. The current Constitution of the Russian Federation (Конституция Российской Федерации) was adopted by national referendum on December 12, 1993 replacing the previous Soviet-era Constitution of April 12, 1978 of Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic. ... Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev (Russian: ; Russian pronunciation: ; born 14 September 1965) is the current President of Russia, inaugurated on May 7, 2008. ... The Russian presidential administration (also known as Staff of Russia’s president, Presidential Executive Office, in Russian: Администрация Президента Российской Федерации)) is the executive office of Russias president created by a decree of Boris Yeltsin on July 19, 1991 as an institution supporting the activity of the president (then Yeltsin) and vice-president... The Security Council of the Russian Federation (SCRF)is an executive-level branch of the Russian that acts as a consulative body on national security affairs (Russian: Совет Безопасности РФ; Soviet Bezopasnosti). ... The Prime Minister of Russia is the current Head of Government of the Russian Federation. ... Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Russian: ) (born October 7, 1952) is the current President of the Russian Federation. ... Federal Assembly of Russia (Федеральное Собрание) is the name of the parliament of the Russian Federation, according to the Constitution of Russian Federation, 1993. ... Federation Council of Russia (Russian: ; Sovet Federatsii) is the upper house of the Federal Assembly of Russia (parliament of the Russian Federation), according to the 1993 Constitution of the Russian Federation. ... For other uses, see State Duma (disambiguation). ... According to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the Russian judiciary shall have judicial appeal and judicial review at the level of the Supreme Court. ... Constitutional Court of Russian Federation (Russian: Конституционный Суд Российской Федерации) is a high court which is empowered to rule on whether or not certain laws or presidential decrees are in fact contrary to the Constitution of Russia. ... The Supreme Court of the Russian Federation (Russian: ) is the final instance in administrative law, civil law and criminal law cases. ... The Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation is the final instance in commercial disputes in Russia. ... The Public Chamber (In Russian: Общественная палата) is a state institution with 126 members created in 2005 in Russia to analyze draft legislation and monitor the activities of the parliament, government and other government bodies of Russia and its Federal Subjects. ... The State Council of the Russian Federation (Russian: Государственный Совет) is an advisory body to the Head of State, which deals with issues of the highest importance to the state as a whole. ... The primary and fundamental statement of laws in the Russian Federation is the Constitution of the Russian Federation. ... Political parties in Russia lists political parties in Russia. ... Elections in Russia gives information on election and election results in Russia. ... Presidential elections were held in the Russian Federation on March 26, 2000. ... Presidential elections were held in the Russian Federation on March 14, 2004. ... The Russian Presidential election of 2008, scheduled to be held on March 2, 2008[1] is widely expected to be a race between a Kremlin-backed candidate supported by incumbent president Vladimir Putin, the candidates of the Communists and right-wing opposition, and nominees from the liberal opposition. ... Legislative elections were held in the Russian Federation on December 19, 1999. ... Legislative elections were held in the Russian Federation on December 7, 2003. ... Legislative elections will be held in the Russian Federation on December 2, 2007[1]. At stake are the 450 seats in the State Duma (Gosudarstvennaya Duma), the lower house of the Federal Assembly of Russia (The legislature). ... A referendum was held in Russia on 25 April, 1993, following the constitutional crisis earlier in the year. ... A referendum was held in Russia on 12 December, 1993. ... The Central Election Commission of Russia is the superior power body responsible for conducting federal elections and overseeing local elections in the Russian Federation founded in Spetember 1993. ... Russia is a federation which consists of 86 subjects[1]. These subjects are of equal federal rights in the sense that they have equal representation—two delegates each—in the Federation Council (upper house of the Russian parliament). ... // The rights and liberties of the citizens of the Russian Federation are granted by the 2nd Chapter of the Constitution adopted in 1993. ... Regarding the foreign relations of Russia, Russia has taken important steps to become a full partner in the worlds principal political groupings. ... The Russian Federation has one of the largest networks of embassies and consulates of any country. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the comedy film of the same name, see Head of State (film). ... Under the doctrine of the separation of powers, the executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law. ... The Prime Minister of Russia is the current Head of Government of the Russian Federation. ... Government headquarters in Moscow The Government of the Russian Federation (Russian: ) is an executive governmental body that brings together the principal officers of the Executive Branch of the Russian government. ...


The office was instituted as the President of RSFSR by 3th Special Congress of People's Deputies of RSFSR on April 4, 1991[1]. This was only possible under the reforms of the Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev who had become first and only President of the Soviet Union for one year earlier, on March 15, 1990. State motto: Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Workers of the world, unite!) Official language None (Russian in practice) Capital Moscow Chairman of the Supreme Council Boris Yeltsin Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 1st in former Soviet Union 17,075,200 km² 0,5% Population  - Total (1989)  - Density Ranked 1st in the former... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev[1] (Russian: , IPA: ; born 2 March 1931) is a Russian politician. ... The President of the Soviet Union was the Head of State of the USSR from March 15, 1990 to December 25, 1991. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ...


The first and only President of RSFSR was Boris Yeltsin - he was elected on June 12, 1991 by a direct popular vote and came into power on July 10, 1991 for a five-year term. Since December 25, 1991 with reorganization of RSFSR into independent Russian Federation he became the first President of the Russian Federation. According to the Constitution of Russia accepted in 1993, the president is elected every four years by a direct vote of the Russian population.[2] State motto: Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Workers of the world, unite!) Official language None (Russian in practice) Capital Moscow Chairman of the Supreme Council Boris Yeltsin Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 1st in former Soviet Union 17,075,200 km² 0,5% Population  - Total (1989)  - Density Ranked 1st in the former... “Yeltsin” redirects here. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... Motto: none Anthem: Hymn of the Russian Federation Capital Moscow Largest city Moscow Official language(s) Russian Government Semi-presidential Federal republic  - President of Russia Vladimir Putin  - Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov Independence From the Soviet Union   - Declared June 12, 1991   - Finalized December 25, 1991  Area    - Total 17,075,400 km... The current Constitution of the Russian Federation (Конституция Российской Федерации) was adopted by national referendum on December 12, 1993 replacing the previous Soviet-era Constitution of April 12, 1978 of Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic following the Russian constitutional crisis of 1993. ...


The second President of Russia was Vladimir Putin - he was elected for first term on March 26, 2000 (inaugurated on May 7) and reelected for second term on March 14, 2004 (inaugurated on May 7 as well). Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Russian: ) (born October 7, 1952) is the current President of the Russian Federation. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The third and current President of Russia is Dmitry Medvedev - he was elected on 2 March 2008 and inaugurated on May 7, 2008. Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev (Russian: ; Russian pronunciation: ; born 14 September 1965) is the current President of Russia, inaugurated on May 7, 2008. ... The Russian Presidential election of 2008, scheduled to be held on March 2, 2008[1] is widely expected to be a race between a Kremlin-backed candidate supported by incumbent president Vladimir Putin, the candidates of the Communists and right-wing opposition, and nominees from the liberal opposition. ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

Requirements to hold office

According to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, a person willing to run for presidency has to be a citizen of Russia not younger than 35, who has permanently resided in the Russian Federation for not less than 10 years.


The Constitution of Russia also restricts the period during which a person can hold the office of the President to two consecutive terms. There is, however, nothing to prevent a former President (including one who has served two full terms) from seeking re-election for a further period provided someone else has held the office in between.


Rights and duties

The President is the head of state and his main task is to preserve and protect the rights and liberties of the Russian people, which are granted under the Constitution of Russia. The President is tasked to determine the domestic and foreign policy of the Russian government. The President is also the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces. The President is also charged in awarding of state decorations, resolves problems on issues in immigration and has the power to grant pardons. The president's rights and duties are defined in the chapter 4 of the Constitution.[3] The current Constitution of the Russian Federation (Конституция Российской Федерации) was adopted by national referendum on December 12, 1993 replacing the previous Soviet-era Constitution of April 12, 1978 of Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic following the Russian constitutional crisis of 1993. ...


Insignia

After the oath of office has been taken by the elected president, these following insignia are handed over to the president. These devices are used to display the rank of his office and are used on special occasions.


Chain of office

Chain of office

The first insignia that is issued is the chain of office with an emblem. The central emblem is a red cross, with arms in equal size, charged with the Russian coat of arms. On the reverse of the cross, the words "Benefit, Honor and Glory" (Russian: «Польза, честь и слава»; "Pol’za, chest’ i slava") appear in a form of a circle. A golden wreath is used to connect the cross with the rest of the chain. There are seventeen "links" in the emblem, with nine consisting of the Russian coat of arms. The other eight consist of a rosette, also bearing the motto "Benefit, Honor and Glory." At the inauguration of Vladimir Putin, the emblem was placed on a red pillow, positioned on the left side of podium. According to the Presidential website, the emblem is placed inside the Kremlin and is used only on certain occasions. Image File history File links Russia_president_emblem. ... Image File history File links Russia_president_emblem. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Russian: ) (born October 7, 1952) is the current President of the Russian Federation. ...


Standard (Flag)

Standard

The standard is a square version of the Russian flag, charged in the center with the Russian coat of arms. Golden fringe is added to the standard. Copies of the standard are used inside his office, at the Kremlin, other state agencies, and while the president is traveling in a vehicle inside Russia. A 2:3 ratio version of the flag is used when the President is at sea. This is the mostly used symbol to denote the presence of the Russian President. Image File history File links Standard_of_the_President_of_the_Russian_Federation. ... Image File history File links Standard_of_the_President_of_the_Russian_Federation. ... Flag of the Russian Federation. ...


Special Copy of the Constitution

The President also has a special copy of the Russian Constitution that is used during the inauguration. This copy has a hard, red cover with gold lettering. An image of the Russian coat of arms appears in silver. The special copy is kept in the Presidential Library, which is located inside the Kremlin. This article is about Russian citadels. ...


Legal Basis of the Insignia

These insignia and the procedure were established by the presidential decree No. 1138 from August 5, 1996.[4] and modified by decree No. 832 from May 6, 2000.[5] In the new decree the special copy of the Constitution was removed as the third symbol of the Russian Presidency; the other two symbols remained intact because they were and are regulated by separate decrees. Nonetheless, the special copy of the Constitution still exists and serves for inauguration purposes only without being officially presented as a symbol of the Russian Presidency.


Oath of Office

Each person who has been elected to this office takes this oath during their inauguration:

I vow, in the performance of my powers as the President of the Russian Federation to respect and protect the rights and freedoms of man and citizen, to observe and protect the Constitution of the Russian Federation, to protect the sovereignty and independence, security and integrity of the state and to serve the people faithfully.[6]

Residences

The primary working President's residence is the Senate building (also known as 1st building) in the Moscow Kremlin complex[7]. Also the President can use the Great Kremlin Palace (the ceremonial residence) and so called 14th building[7] (the reserve residence). Kremlin Senate from the Red Square Moscow Kremlin Senate building (Russian: Сенат), commissioned by Catherine II of Russia, was designed and built by Matvey Kazakov in 1776-1787. ... The Moscow Kremlin (Russian: Московский Кремль) is a historic fortified complex at the very heart of Moscow, overlooking the Moskva River (to the south), Saint Basils Cathedral (often mistaken as the Kremlin) and Red Square (to the east) and the Alexander Garden (to the west). ... Grand Kremlin Palace is famous for its obscenely lavish interiors. ...


The current (since 2000) home President's residence is Novo-Ogaryovo (Russian: Ново-Огарёво). It's planned that it will have remained at the disposal of Putin after the term ending, as Gorki-9 (Russian: Горки-9) (also called Barvikha (Russian: Барвиха), but actually near it) had remained at the disposal of Boris Yeltsin after his retirement. Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... For the Novo-Ogarevo process, see New Union Treaty. ... Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Влади́мир Влади́мирович Пу́тин in Cyrillic lettering) (born October 7, 1952) has been the President of Russia since the year 2000. ... “Yeltsin” redirects here. ...


Also the President can use some out-Moscow residences, then he takes a vacation[8]. For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ...

Zavidovo (Russian: ) is a village (selo) in Konakovsky District of Tver Oblast, Russia. ... Tver Oblast (Russian: Тверска́я о́бласть) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Leningrad Oblast (Russian: , tr. ... For other uses, see Saint Petersburg (disambiguation). ... Sochi (Russian: , IPA: [soʨɪ]) is a Russian resort city, situated in Krasnodar Krai just north of the southern Russian border. ... Petrozavodsk (Russian: ; Karelian/Finnish: Petroskoi) is the capital of the Republic of Karelia, Russia, with a population of 266,160 (2002 Census). ... Map showing the parts Karelia is traditionally divided into. ... Valdai or Valday (Russian: Валда́й) is a town in Novgorod Oblast, Russia, an administrative center of Valdaysky District. ... Coat of arms Khutyn Monastery in Novgorod Oblast Novgorod Oblast (Russian: , Novgorodskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Kuybyshev Reservoir or Kuybyshevskoye Reservoir (Russian: ), sometimes called Samara Reservoir is a reservoir of the middle Volga and lower Kama in the Chuvash Republic, Mari El Republic, Republic of Tatarstan, Samara Oblast and Ulyanovsk Oblast, Russia. ... General Name, Symbol, Number tantalum, Ta, 73 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 5, 6, d Appearance gray blue Standard atomic weight 180. ... “Volga” redirects here. ... Saratov (Russian: ) is a major city in Russia. ... Subgenera Subgenus Strobus Subgenus Ducampopinus Subgenus Pinus See Pinus classification for complete taxonomy to species level. ... The Yenisei (Енисе́й) is the greatest river system flowing to the Arctic Ocean, and the fifth longest river in the world. ... Krasnoyarsk (Russian: ) is the administrative center of Krasnoyarsk Krai of Russia, and the third largest city in Siberia. ... Irkutsk (Russian: ) is one of the largest cities in Siberia and the administrative center of Irkutsk Oblast, situated 5,185 kilometers (3,222 mi) by rail from Moscow. ... A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ...

Political affiliation

Though technically the President of Russia may be a member of a political party, traditionally the President is Nonpartisan and without political affiliation. He does support a specific party during parliamentary elections in order to promote his agendas and goals. He tends to be above the political spectrum and to act as a statesmen, who reconcile and balance between the various political groups while not identifying with any one of them particularly. A political party is a political organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... In U.S. politics, nonpartisan denotes an election in which the candidates do not declare or do not formally have a political party affiliation. ... Statesman is a respectful term used to refer to politicians, and other notable figures of state. ...


Transport

The land transport services for the Russian President is provided by the Special Purpose Garage (SPG)[9]. The SPG is a unit within the Federal Protective Service. The official emblem of the FSO In the Russian Federation, the Federal Protective Service (Federalnaya Sluzhba Okhrany, Федеральная Служба Охраны) abbreviated FSO (Russian: ФСО) was formerly the Ninth Chief Directorate of the KGB and is now an independent organization. ...

The avia transport services for the President is provided by airline company Rossiya[10]. For the song from the band: Brand New, see Limousine (MS Rebridge). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Zavod Imeni Likhacheva More commonly called ZIL (or ZiL, Russian: Завод имени Лихачёва (ЗиЛ) — Likhachev Factory) is a major Russian truck and heavy equipment manufacturer, which also produced armored cars for most Soviet leaders, as well as buses, armored fighting vehicles, and aerosans. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Mercedes may refer to: Things Mercedes-Benz, a German brand of automobiles and trucks Mercedes-Benz (song), by Janis Joplin Mercedes (calculator), an early 20th-century computing device Mercedes College, South Australia Places Mercedes, Buenos Aires, Argentina Mercedes, Paraná, Brazil Mercedes, Camarines Norte, Philippines Mercedes, Eastern Samar, Philippines Mercedes, Texas... Look up escort in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Categories: Automobile stubs | Mercedes-Benz vehicles | SUVs ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Chevrolet (IPA: - French origin) (colloquially Chevy) is a brand of automobile, produced by General Motors (GM). ... For other uses, see Motorcycle (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Ural logo IMZ - Irbitskiy Mototsikletniy Zavod (Ирбитский мотоциклетный завод = ИМЗ) is a Russian maker of heavy motorcycles (especially with sidecars). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... For other uses, see BMW (disambiguation). ...

  • Airplanes Long distance flight
    • Il-96-300 (long-range) - main President's aircraft
    • Il-62M (long-range)
    • Tu-154 (medium-range)
    • Yak-40 (short-range)
  • Helicopters
    • Mi-8

The President's aircraft use the same color scheme as standard Rossiya aircraft, except for the use of the Russian coat of arms or the Presidential Standard on the empennage instead flag of Russia. Fixed-wing aircraft is a term used to refer to what are more commonly known as aeroplanes in Commonwealth English (excluding Canada) or airplanes in North American English. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... The Ilyushin Il-96 is a four-engined long-range Russian widebody airliner. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... The Ilyushin Il-62 is a long range airliner which is similar in appearance to the Vickers VC-10, which was built in 1967. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... The Tupolev Tu-154 is a Russian medium-range trijet airliner. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Yakovlev Yak-40 The Yakovlev Yak-40 is a small, three-engined regional transport aircraft. ... For other uses, see Helicopter (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Russian Mi-8 Hip The Mil Mi-8 (NATO reporting name Hip) is a large transport helicopter that can also act as a gunship. ... Coat of Arms of Russian Federation. ... Flag of the Russian Federation. ... Empennage is an aviation term used to describe the tail portion of an aircraft. ... Flag of the Russian Federation. ...


List of Presidents of the Russian Federation (1991-Present)

# Picture Name Took office Left office Political Party Term
1 Boris Yeltsin Борис Ельцин July 10, 1991 December 25, 1991 Non-partisan
(Supported by Democratic Russia)
1‡
December 25, 1991 August 9, 1996
August 9, 1996 November 5, 1996 Non-partisan 2
Viktor Chernomyrdin
(Acting)[11][12]
Виктор Черномырдин November 5, 1996 November 6, 1996 Our Home is Russia
1 Boris Yeltsin Борис Ельцин November 6, 1996 December 31, 1999
(Resign)
Non-partisan
Vladimir Putin
(Acting)
Влади́мир Пу́тин December 31, 1999 May 7, 2000 Non-partisan
2 Vladimir Putin May 7, 2000 May 7, 2004 3
May 7, 2004 May 7, 2008 4
3 Dmitry Medvedev Дмитрий Медведев May 7, 2008 Incumbent Non-partisan
(Officially supported by United Russia)
5
  • † - As President of RSFSR
  • ‡ - 5 years term

Motto: none Anthem: Hymn of the Russian Federation Capital Moscow Largest city Moscow Official language(s) Russian Government Semi-presidential Federal republic  - President of Russia Vladimir Putin  - Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov Independence From the Soviet Union   - Declared June 12, 1991   - Finalized December 25, 1991  Area    - Total 17,075,400 km... Image File history File links Boris_Yeltsin_1993. ... “Yeltsin” redirects here. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Blank. ... Viktor Stepanovich Chernomyrdin (Russian: Ви́ктор Степа́нович Черномы́рдин) (born April 9, 1938) is a Russian politician. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Boris_Yeltsin_1993. ... “Yeltsin” redirects here. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... Download high resolution version (480x639, 38 KB)President Vladimir Putin of the Russian Federation. ... Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Russian: ) (born October 7, 1952) is the current President of the Russian Federation. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Russian: ) (born October 7, 1952) is the current President of the Russian Federation. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev (Russian: ; Russian pronunciation: ; born 14 September 1965) is the current President of Russia, inaugurated on May 7, 2008. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... United Russia (Yedinaya Rossiya, Russian Единая Россия; the more correct translation is Unified Russia) is a political party in the Russian Federation which usually labels itself centrist. ... State motto: Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Workers of the world, unite!) Official language None (Russian in practice) Capital Moscow Chairman of the Supreme Council Boris Yeltsin Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 1st in former Soviet Union 17,075,200 km² 0,5% Population  - Total (1989)  - Density Ranked 1st in the former...

Notes

Aleksandr Vladimirovich Rutskoy (ru: Александр Владимирович Руцкой)(born September 16, 1945, Kursk, Russia) was a Soviet military officer and a Russian politician. ... Boris Yeltsin was President of the Russian Federation at the time of the crisis. ... is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...

See also

The Russian presidential administration (also known as Staff of Russia’s president, Presidential Executive Office, in Russian: Администрация Президента Российской Федерации)) is the executive office of Russias president created by a decree of Boris Yeltsin on July 19, 1991 as an institution supporting the activity of the president (then Yeltsin) and vice-president... Rulers of Kievan Rus List of Russian rulers (1533-1917) List of Chairmen of the Provisional Government (1917) List of leaders of the Soviet Union (1917-1991) List of Presidents of Russia (1991- ) Categories: | | ...

References

  1. ^ a b Gorbachev's Foundation. Chronicles of Perestroika. 1991
  2. ^ Constitution of the Russian Federation. Chapter 4, Article 81.1
  3. ^ Constitution of the Russian Federation Article Four
  4. ^ Coбpaниe зaкoнoдaтeльcтвa Рoccийcкoй Фeдepaции 1996, No. 33, ar. 3976
  5. ^ Coбpaниe зaкoнoдaтeльcтвa Рoccийcкoй Фeдepaции 2000, No. 19, ar. 2068
  6. ^ Constitution of the Russian Federation, Article 82
  7. ^ a b The Presidential Residences (English)
  8. ^ Vladimir Putin Residences // Kommersant, #18(3594), Feb.07 2007
  9. ^ President's trasports. Cars (Russian)
  10. ^ President's trasports. Air transport (Russian)
  11. ^ Hoffman, David. "Yeltsin Heart Operation Called a Success", The Washington Post, The Washington Post Company, 1996-11-06. Retrieved on 2008-04-10. 
  12. ^ Decree of President of Russian Federation No. 1378 of September 19, 1996; Temporary discharge of duty of President of Russian Federation

Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

“Yeltsin” redirects here. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Russian: ) (born October 7, 1952) is the current President of the Russian Federation. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev (Russian: ; Russian pronunciation: ; born 14 September 1965) is the current President of Russia, inaugurated on May 7, 2008. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Standard_of_the_President_of_the_Russian_Federation. ... Alexander Vladimirovich Rutskoy (Russian:Александр Владимирович Руцкой) (b. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Alexander Vladimirovich Rutskoy (Russian:Александр Владимирович Руцкой) (b. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Boris Yeltsin was President of the Russian Federation at the time of the crisis. ... Viktor Stepanovich Chernomyrdin (Russian: Ви́ктор Степа́нович Черномы́рдин) (born April 9, 1938) is a Russian politician. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Russian: ) (born October 7, 1952) is the current President of the Russian Federation. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_Arms_of_the_Russian_Federation. ... Modern emblem of Russian MVD Russian Gendarme officers in the 1860s The Ministerstvo Vnutrennikh Del (MVD) (Министерство внутренних дел) was the Ministry of Internal Affairs in the imperial Russia, later USSR, and still bears the same name in Russia. ... Official flag The Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Russian Federation or EMERCOM (Russian: ) was established on January 10, 1994 by President Boris Yeltsin. ... View on Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs building, Moscow, Russia, 9 May 2003. ... The Defense Ministry of the Russian Federation exercises operational leadership of the armed forces of Russia. ... Sluzhba Vneshney Razvedki (Служба внешней разведки) (SVR) is Russian for Foreign Intelligence Service and is the name of Russias primary external intelligence agency. ... For other uses, see FSB. Minor emblem of FSB The FSB (Federal Security Service) (Russian: ФСБ, Федера́льная слу́жба безопа́сности; Federalnaya Sluzhba Bezopasnosti) is a domestic state security agency of the Russian Federation and the main successor of the Soviet Cheka, NKVD, and KGB. Its headquarters are in Lubyanka Square, Moscow. ... The official emblem of the FSO In the Russian Federation, the Federal Protective Service (Federalnaya Sluzhba Okhrany, Федеральная Служба Охраны) abbreviated FSO (Russian: ФСО) was formerly the Ninth Chief Directorate of the KGB and is now an independent organization. ... Government headquarters in Moscow The Government of the Russian Federation (Russian: ) is an executive governmental body that brings together the principal officers of the Executive Branch of the Russian government. ... Goskino or USSR State Committee for Cinematography (Госкино, Государственный комитет по кинематографии СССР, Gosudarstvenyy komitet po kinematografii SSSR) was the supreme government organ in charge of cinematography of the Soviet Union It was absorbed by the USSR Ministry of Culture in 1953, it became an independent organization again in 1963. ... Goskomstat (Russian: Госкомстат, Государственный комитет по статистике, transliterated: Gosudarstvennyi komitet po statistike, the State Committee for Statistics in English) was the centralised agency dealing with statistics in the Soviet Union. ... The Federal Financial Monitoring Service of Russia (Russian: ) is a subdivision of the Finance Ministry of Russia created by a decree of President Vladimir Putin of November 1, 2001, and aimed to fight money laundering. ... The Federal Atomic Energy Agency (FAEA) (Russian: ), often abbreviated as RosAtom () or MinAtom (), is the federal agency of Russia, the regulatory body of the Russian nuclear complex. ... The Russian Federal Space Agency (Russian: Федеральное космическое агентство России, commonly known as Roskosmos) or RKA, formerly the Russian Aviation and Space Agency (Russian: Российское авиационно-космическое агентство, commonly known as Rosaviakosmos), is the government agency responsible for Russias space science programme and general aerospace research. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... List of Presidents of Albania Ahmet Zogu (1925-1928) Ramiz Alia (1991-1992) Sali Berisha (1992-1997) Rexhep Meidani (1997-2002) Alfred Moisiu (2002-Present) See also Albania Kings of Albania Prime Ministers of Albania Princes of Albania External links Presidency of Albania (official site) Categories: Lists of office-holders... Flag of the President of the Czech Republic This is a list of presidents of the Czech Republic. ... This article is about the political and administrative structures of the French government. ... List of Presidents of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev (1990 - present) See also Politics of Kazakhstan Categories: Stub | Kazakhstan ... The President of the Republic of Kosovo (Albanian: or Serbian: ) is Head of State of the Republic of Kosovo. ... See also: Lists of office-holders Categories: Lists of office-holders | Latvia | Presidents of Latvia ... Early Lithuania The Grand Duchy of Lithuania Title: Kunigaikštis or Didysis Kunigaikštis (The Great Duke in Lithuanian) Mindaugas, 1238-1263 also crowned as a King Treniota, 1263-1264 Vaišvilkas (Vaišelga, Vaishyalga, Vaišalgas), 1264-1267 Švarnas (Svarnas, Shvarno), 1267-1269 Traidenis, 1269-1281 Daumantas, 1281-1285 Butigeidis, 1285-1291 Butvydas, 1291... The President of Montenegro is the head of state of the Republic of Montenegro. ... The Netherlands have been an independent monarchy since March 16, 1815, and have been governed by members of the House of Orange-Nassau since. ... Following are the successive heads of state of Poland. ... Presidential Standard of Serbia The President of Serbia is the head of state of the Republic of Serbia. ... This is a list of the Presidents of Slovakia. ...

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President of Russia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (656 words)
The President is the head of state and his main task is to preserve and protect the rights and liberties of the Russian people, which are granted under the Constitution of Russia.
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