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Encyclopedia > President of Poland

Following are the successive heads of state of Poland. (See also List of Polish rulers and List of Polish Prime Ministers.) All below were titled President of the Republic of Poland, except as otherwise stated.


Republic of Poland (1918-1939)

Polish Government in Exile (1939-1990)

The Polish Government in Exile operated pursuant to the Constitution of Poland of April 1935, the legal basis for the government. According to that document, the president was allowed to choose his successor "in wartime, in case his office should become vacant before a peace treaty were signed."

Republic of Poland (1944-1952)

After World War II, the ruling communists retained some of the prewar laws and preserved the institution of President of the Republic of Poland. In 1952, however, the office was abolished and the country's name was changed.

People's Republic of Poland (1952-1989)

The Council of State was, theoretically, a collective head of state; de facto, however, the most important personage was the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Polish United Workers' Party.

Chairman of the Council of State - Przewodniczący Rady Państwa:

First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Polish United Workers' Party - Pierwszy Sekretarz KC PZPR:

President of the People's Republic of Poland:

Republic of Poland (since 1989)

See also:

edit  (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:Presidents_of_Poland&action=edit) Presidents of Poland Coat of Arms of Poland
Republic of Poland (1918 - 1939) Józef Piłsudski | Gabriel Narutowicz | Maciej Rataj | Stanisław Wojciechowski | Ignacy Mościcki
Government in Exile (1939 - 1990) Bolesław Wieniawa-Długoszowski | Władysław Raczkiewicz | August Zaleski | Rada Trzech - collective head of state | Stanisław Ostrowski | Edward Raczyński | Kazimierz Sabbat | Ryszard Kaczorowski
People's Republic of Poland (1944 - 1989) Bolesław Bierut | since 1947 replaced by Polish Council of State
Republic of Poland (since 1989) Wojciech Jaruzelski | Lech Wałęsa | Aleksander Kwaśniewski

edit  (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:Chairman_of_Council_of_State_of_Poland&action=edit) Chairman of Council of State
People's Republic of Poland (1947 - 1989) Bolesław Bierut | Aleksander Zawadzki | Edward Ochab | Marian Spychalski | Józef Cyrankiewicz | Henryk Jabłoński | Wojciech Jaruzelski

External link:

  • President of Poland site(Polish+English) (http://www.president.pl/)

  Results from FactBites:
President of the Republic of Poland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (723 words)
In accordance with the current Constitution, the President of the Republic of Poland is the head of state, the supreme representative of Poland and the guarantor of the continuity of government.
The President has the opportunity to directly influence the legislative process by using his veto to stop a bill; however, his veto can be overruled by a 3/5 majority vote in the presence of at least half of the statutory number of members of Sejm (230).
The President is also the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces; he appoints the Chief of General Staff and the commanders of all the armed forces; in wartime he nominates the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces and can order general mobilisation.
Gabriel Narutowicz - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (251 words)
After Poland regained its independence in 1918, he became involved in national politics and served as minister of public works, 1920-1921, and as minister of foreign affairs in 1922.
On 9 December 1922, he was elected by the Polish parliament (convened as the National Assembly of Poland) to be the first president of Poland, and was sworn in on 11 December.
On 16 December 1922, five days after his inauguration, while attending the opening of an art exhibition at the Zachęta Gallery in Warsaw, Narutowicz was shot dead (at the age of 57) by a National Democrat sympathizer: the anti-Semitic painter, art professor and critic, Eligiusz Niewiadomski, who was later executed for the murder.
  More results at FactBites »



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