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Encyclopedia > President of Nigeria
Flag of the President of Nigeria
Nigeria

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Nigeria
Image File history File links Size of this preview: 604 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (624 × 619 pixel, file size: 73 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 604 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (624 × 619 pixel, file size: 73 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The Seal of the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria is the official symbol of the Nigerian President. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Nigeria_coa. ... Politics of Nigeria take place in a framework of a federal presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Nigeria is both head of state and head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...



Nigeria Portal · Politics Portal
Other countries  view  talk  edit  Umaru Musa YarAdua (born 1951 in Katsina) is the President of Nigeria. ... A Vice-President of Nigeria is the second-in-command to the President of Nigeria. ... Goodluck Ebele Jonathan (b. ... The Executive Branch of the Government of Nigeria has 19 Federal Ministries. ... // National Intelligence Agency (NIA) Defence Intelligence Agency (DIA) State Security Service (SSS) Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA) Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC) Bureau of Public Enterprises (BPE) National Council on Privatisation (NCP) Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC) Nigeria Investment Promotion Commission (NIPC) Nigerian Communications... [1]Politics of Nigeria}} The National Assembly of the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a bicameral legislature established under section 4 of the Nigerian Constitution and comprises a 109-member Senate and a 360-member House of Representatives. ... The Senate is the upper house of the National Assembly of Nigeria. ... The House of Representatives of Nigeria is the lower house of the countrys bicameral National Assembly. ... The Supreme Court of Nigeria is the highest court in Nigeria, and is located in the Central District, Abuja, in what is known as the Three Arms Zone, so called due to the close proximity of the offices of the Presidential Complex, the National Assembly, and the Supreme Court. ... Nigeria is currently divided into 36 states and one federal capital territory. ... The following table presents a listing of Nigerias state governors. ... Nigeria has 774 Local Government Areas (LGAs). ... Politics of Nigeria Categories: Election related stubs | Elections in Nigeria ... The Nigerian general elections of 2007 were held on 14 April and 21 April 2007. ... Political parties in Nigeria lists political parties in Nigeria. ... Since independence, with Jaja Wachuku as the first Minister of Foreign Affairs and Commonwealth Relations, later called External Affairs, Nigerian foreign policy has been characterized by a focus on Africa and by attachment to several fundamental principles: African unity and independence; peaceful settlement of disputes; nonalignment and nonintentional interference in... In its 2005 report on human rights practices around the world, the U.S. Department of State found that Nigerias human rights record was poor. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ...

The President of Nigeria is the elected head of government and head of state of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Officially styled President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and Commander-in-Chief of the Nigerian Armed Forces. The current President of Nigeria is Umaru Musa Yar'Adua. Commander-in-Chief (in NATO-lingo often C-in-C or CINC pronounced sink) is the commander of all the military forces within a particular region or of all the military forces of a state. ... The Military of Nigeria has active duty personnel in three Nigerian armed services divisions totalling approximately 76,000 troops. ... Umaru Musa YarAdua has been governor of Katsina State in Nigeria since 29 May 1999. ...

Contents

History

When Nigeria became a federal republic within the Commonwealth in 1963, it retained the parliamentary system of government inherited from the British. Nnamdi Azikiwe, previously Governor General, became President, which was a ceremonial post, while Abubakar Tafawa Balewa remained Prime Minister. The Federal Republic of Germany and its sixteen Bundesländer (federal states) A federal republic is a federation of states with a republican form of government. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence. ... Benjamin Nnamdi Azikiwe (November 16, 1904 – May 11, 1996), usually referred to as Nnamdi Azikiwe, or, informally and popularly, as Zik, was the founder of modern Nigerian nationalism and the first President of Nigeria, holding the position throughout the Nigerian First Republic. ... This page contains a list of Governors-General of Nigeria. ... Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa (1912-January 15, 1966) was the first prime minister of an independent Nigeria. ... A prime minister is the most senior minister of a cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ...


However, in 1966 the military in Nigeria seized power, establishing a federal military dictatorship, and civilian rule was not restored until 1979. General Augusto Pinochet (sitting) as head of the newly established military junta in Chile, September 1973. ...


Under the new constitution, modelled on that of the United States, the office of President was an executive post, but in 1983 the military once again seized power. Although elections were held in 1993, the military government of Ibrahim Babangida annulled the election results presumed to have been won by Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola, a wealthy industrialist. Abiola later died in capitivity, hours before he was expected to have been released. Civilian rule was not fully restored until 1999. Ibrahim Babangida General Ibrahim Badamosi Babangida (born August 17, 1941), popularly known as IBB, was the military ruler of Nigeria from August 1985 until his departure from office under heavy popular pressure in 1993, after his annulment of elections held that year which were widely held to have been the... Chief Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola (often referred to as M. K. O. Abiola) (August 24, 1937?, Abeokuta - July 7, 1998, Abuja), was a Nigerian Yorùbá businessman and political figure. ...


Eligibility

A person shall be eligible for the office of President if he or she is a citizen of Nigeria by birth, at least 40 years of age, is a member of a political party and is sponsored by that political party. The constitution limits the President to only two four-year terms in office. Political parties in Nigeria lists political parties in Nigeria. ...


Oath of office

The Constitution of Nigeria specifies an oath of office for the President of the federation. The oath is administered by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Nigeria or the person for the time being appointed to exercise the functions of that office: The Constitution of Nigeria is the supreme law of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. ... The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Federal Republic of Nigeria is the head of the judicial branch of the government of Nigeria, and presides over the countrys Supreme Court. ...

I do solemnly swear/affirm that I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to the Federal Republic of Nigeria; that as President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, I will discharge my duties to the best of my ability, faithfully and in accordance with the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the law, and always in the interest of the sovereignty, integrity, solidarity, well-being and prosperity of the Federal Republic of Nigeria; that I will strive to preserve the Fundamental Objectives and Directive Principles of State Policy contained in the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria; that I will not allow my personal interest to influence my official conduct or my official decisions; that I will to the best of my ability preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria; that I will abide by the Code of Conduct contained in the Fifth Schedule to the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria; that in all circumstances, I will do right to all manner of people, according to law, without fear or favour, affection or ill-will; that I will not directly or indirectly communicate or reveal to any person any matter which shall be brought under my consideration or shall become known to me as President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, except as may be required for the due discharge of my duties as President; and that I will devote myself to the service and well-being of the people of Nigeria. So help me God.

Portraits of the Nigerian Presidents

List of Presidents of Nigeria (1963-Present)

President of Nigeria (1963-1966)

Name Born-Died Term start Term end Political Party
Nnamdi Azikiwe 1904 - 1996 1 October 1963 16 January 1966 (deposed) NCNC

Benjamin Nnamdi Azikiwe (November 16, 1904 – May 11, 1996), usually referred to as Nnamdi Azikiwe, or, informally and popularly, as Zik, was the founder of modern Nigerian nationalism and the first President of Nigeria, holding the position throughout the Nigerian First Republic. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons (NCNC), was a Nigerian political party from 1944 to 1966. ...

Heads of the Federal Military Government of Nigeria (1966-1979)

Name Born-Died Term start Term end Political Party
Major General Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi 1924 - 1966 16 January 1966 29 July 1966 (deposed and killed) Military
General Yakubu Gowon 1934 - 1 August 1966 29 July 1975 (deposed) Military
General Murtala Mohammed 1938 - 1976 29 July 1975 13 February 1976 (assassinated) Military
General Olusegun Obasanjo (1st time) 1937 - 13 February 1976 1 October 1979 Military

Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... JTU Aguiyi-Ironsi Johnson Thomas Umananke Aguiyi-Ironsi (1924 - 1966) was a Nigerian Igbo political figure. ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... July 29 is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... General Yakubu Jack Dan-Yumma Gowon (born October 19, 1934) was the head of state (Head of the Federal Military Government) of Nigeria from 1966 to 1975. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... July 29 is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Murtala Mohammed General Murtala Ramat Mohammed (November 8, 1938–February 13, 1976) was a military ruler (Head of the Federal Military Government) of Nigeria (1975–1976). ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the 1976 Gregorian calendar. ... July 29 is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... February 13 is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the 1976 Gregorian calendar. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Matthew Olusegun Aremu Obasanjo, GCFR[1] (IPA: /ɒˈluʃɛguːŋ ɒbˈæsændʒo/[2]) (born circa March 5, 1937) is a retired Nigerian Army General and former President of Nigeria. ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... February 13 is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the 1976 Gregorian calendar. ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ...

President of Nigeria (1979-1983)

Name Born-Died Term start Term end Political Party
Shehu Shagari 1925 - 1 October 1979 31 December 1983 (deposed) NPN

Alhaji Shehu Usman Aliyu Shagari, Turakin Sakkwato (born May 25, 1925) was the President of Nigerias ill-fated Second Republic (1979 - 1983), after the handover of power by General Olusegun Obasanjos caretaker government. ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... The National Party of Nigeria (NPN) was the dominant political party in Nigeria during the Second Republic (1979-1983). ...

Chairman of the Supreme Military Council of Nigeria (1983-1985)

Name Born-Died Term start Term end Political Party
Major General Muhammadu Buhari 1942 - 31 December 1983 27 August 1985 (deposed) Military

Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... August 27 is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

President of the Armed Forces Ruling Council of Nigeria (1985-1993)

Name Born-Died Term start Term end Political Party
General Ibrahim Babangida 1941 - 27 August 1985 26 August 1993 (resigned) Military

This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Ibrahim Babangida General Ibrahim Badamosi Babangida (born August 17, 1941), popularly known as IBB, was the military ruler of Nigeria from August 1985 until his departure from office under heavy popular pressure in 1993, after his annulment of elections held that year which were widely held to have been the... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... August 27 is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 26 is the 238th day of the year (239th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...

Interim Head of State of Nigeria (1993)

Name Born-Died Term start Term end Political Party
Ernest Adegunle Oladeinde Shonekan 1936 - 26 August 1993 17 November 1993 (deposed) None

Chief Ernest Adegunle Oladeinde Shonekan was born on 9 May 1936) in Lagos, south-west Nigeria. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... August 26 is the 238th day of the year (239th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...

Chairmen of the Provisional Ruling Council of Nigeria (1993-1999)

Name Born-Died Term start Term end Political Party
General Sani Abacha 1943 - 1998 17 November 1993 8 June 1998 (died in office) Military
General Abdulsalami Abubakar 1942 - 8 June 1998 29 May 1999 Military

This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Sani Abacha General Sani Abacha (Kano, 20 September 1943 – Abuja, 8 June 1998) was a Nigerian politician and military leader. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... June 8 is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... General Abdulsalam Abubakar (born June 13, 1942) became Nigerias eighth military Head of State in 1998, after Ironsi, Gowon, Murtala, Obasanjo, Buhari, Babangida and Abacha, since the countrys independence from Britain in 1960. ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... June 8 is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... May 29 is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ...

Presidents of Nigeria (1999-Present)

Name Born-Died Term start Term end Political Party
General Olusegun Obasanjo (2nd time) 1937 - 29 May 1999 29 May 2007 PDP
Umaru Yar'Adua 1951 - 29 May 2007 Present PDP

This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Matthew Olusegun Aremu Obasanjo, GCFR[1] (IPA: /ɒˈluʃɛguːŋ ɒbˈæsændʒo/[2]) (born circa March 5, 1937) is a retired Nigerian Army General and former President of Nigeria. ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... May 29 is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... May 29 is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Eelam Peoples Democratic Party (Sri Lanka) Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party (India) Peoples Democratic Party (India) Peoples Democratic Party (Jordan) Peoples Democratic Party (Nigeria) Peoples Democratic Party (Serbia) Peoples Democratic Party (Tajikistan) Peoples Democratic Party (Tonga) Peoples Democratic Party (Ukraine... Umaru Musa YarAdua (born 1951 in Katsina) is the President of Nigeria. ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... May 29 is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Eelam Peoples Democratic Party (Sri Lanka) Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party (India) Peoples Democratic Party (India) Peoples Democratic Party (Jordan) Peoples Democratic Party (Nigeria) Peoples Democratic Party (Serbia) Peoples Democratic Party (Tajikistan) Peoples Democratic Party (Tonga) Peoples Democratic Party (Ukraine...

See also

The Seal of the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria is the official symbol of the Nigerian President. ...

External links

  • Birthplaces of Nigerian elected Presidents (and Prime Minsters)

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