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Encyclopedia > President of Brazil
Brazilian Presidential Standard
Brazil

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Brazil
Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Brazil. ... Politics of Brazil takes place in a framework of a federal presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Brazil is both head of state and head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...



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The President of Brazil is both the head of state and head of government of the Federative Republic of Brazil. The presidential system was established in 1889, upon the proclamation of the republic in a military coup d'etât against the Emperor Dom Pedro II. Since then, Brazil had six constitutions, two dictatorships and three democratic periods. During these democratic periods, voting has always been compulsory. Executive may refer to: Executive (government), a branch of government or local authority Executive order, is an edict issued by a member of the executive branch of a government Executive system (or executive functions), the brain processes involved in high-order cognition Executive car, a size of car Architecture of... Category: ... The Chief of Staff (Portuguese: Chefe da Casa Civil) is the highest-ranking member of the Executive Office of Brazil, and a senior aide to the President. ... The cabinet of Brazil, called ministério, is the executive branch of the brazilian government. ... Please see discussion tab *** The Office of the Advocate-General is the Brazilian institution which, directly or indirectly, represents the federal government either in judicial or non-judicial instances, being also in charge of legal advising for the governments administration. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Brazils bicameral National Congress (Portuguese: Congresso Nacional) consists of the Federal Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. ... In its present configuration, the Brazilian Senate (Portuguese: Senado Federal) is a federal legislative body and the upper house of the National Congress of Brazil. ... The Chamber of Deputies of Brazil (Portuguese: Câmara dos Deputados) is a federal legislative body and the lower house of the National Congress of Brazil. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      In law, the judiciary or judicial is the system of courts which administer justice in the name of the sovereign or state, a mechanism for the resolution of disputes. ... The Supreme Federal Tribunal (in Portuguese Supremo Tribunal Federal, or simply STF) is the highest court of law of the Federative Republic of Brazil. ... Brazil elects on the national level a head of state – the president – and a legislature. ... This article lists political parties in Brazil. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... In 2006, Brazil held general elections in two rounds. ... It has been suggested that List of the states of Brazil by area, List of the states of Brazil by population, List of the states of Brazil by population density, List of Brazilian states by GDP, List of the states of Brazil by GDP per capita, List of the states... This is a list of the current governors of the States of Brazil. ... There are serious issues in regard to abuses of human rights in Brazil. ... Traditionally, Brazil has been a leader in the inter-American community and has played an important role in collective security efforts, as well as in economic cooperation in the Western Hemisphere. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... Queen Elizabeth II, is the Head of State of 16 countries including: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Jamaica, New Zealand and the Bahamas, as well as crown colonies and overseas territories of the United Kingdom. ... The Head of Government is the chief officer of the executive branch of a government, often presiding over a cabinet. ... A presidential system, also called a congressional system, is a system of government where the executive branch exists and presides (hence the term) separate from the legislature, to which it is not accountable, and which cannot in normal circumstances dismiss it. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Dom Pedro II (pron. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The current president is Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, from the Partido dos Trabalhadores (Workers' Party), elected in 2002 for the 20032006 term, re-elected for the 20072011 term. He received the most votes of any president in Brazil until then, receiving 56.7 million votes. In the 2006 presidential elections held on October 1, 2006, he received 58.2 million votes. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Wikinews has news related to this article: Category:Political crisis in Brazil The Partido dos Trabalhadores (Portuguese for Workers Party) is a left-wing political party in Brazil. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... 2011 (MMXI) will be a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Since 1994, as a result of a constitutional amendment which reduced the presidential term to four years, all federal and state elections in Brazil have coincided. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...

Contents

General description

The Brazilian Constitution of 1988 along with several constitutional amendments, establishes the requirements, powers and responsibilities of the president, as well as the term of office and method of election. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A constitutional amendment is an alteration to the constitution of a nation or a state. ...


Duties and powers

As a presidential republic, Brazil grants significant powers to the President. He effectively controls the government, represents the country abroad, and appoints the Cabinet and judges for the Supreme Federal Tribunal. The president is also the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. The cabinet of Brazil, called ministério, is the executive branch of the brazilian government. ... The Supreme Federal Tribunal (in Portuguese Supremo Tribunal Federal, or simply STF) is the highest court of law of the Federative Republic of Brazil. ... Commander-in-Chief (in NATO-lingo often C-in-C or CINC pronounced sink) is the commander of all the military forces within a particular region or of all the military forces of a state. ... US 1979 and 2002 Reissue Cover Also known as paint spatter cover For the military meaning, see Armed forces. ...


Presidents in Brazil also have significant lawmaking powers, exercised either by proposing laws to the National Congress, or by using the instrument of the Medidas Provisórias, a law that comes into effect immediately, for a specific span of time, before the Congress can vote on it. Brazils bicameral National Congress (Portuguese: Congresso Nacional) consists of the Federal Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. ...


Article 84 of the current Constitution, determines that the President shall have the exclusive power to:

  1. appoint and dismiss the Ministers of State:
  2. exercise, with the assistance of the Ministers of State, the higher management of the federal administration;
  3. start the legislative procedure, in the manner and in the cases set forth in this Constitution;
  4. sanction, promulgate and order the publication of laws, as well as to issue decrees and regulations for the true enforcement thereof;
  5. veto bills, wholly or in part;
  6. provide, by means of decree, on organization and structure of federal administration, in the cases where there is neither increase of expenses nor creation or extinction of public agencies; and extinction of offices or positions, when not held;
  7. maintain relations with foreign States and to accredit their diplomatic representatives;
  8. conclude international treaties, conventions and acts, ad referendum of the National Congress;
  9. decree the state of defense and the state of siege;
  10. decree and enforce federal intervention;
  11. upon the opening of the legislative session, send a government message and plan to the National Congress, describing the state of the nation and requesting the actions he deems necessary;
  12. grant pardons and reduce sentences, after hearing the entities instituted by law, if necessary;
  13. exercise the supreme command of the Armed Forces, appoint the commanders of Navy, Army and Air Force, to promote general officers and to appoint them to the offices held exclusively by them;
  14. appoint, after approval by the Senate, the Justices of the Supreme Federal Court and those of the superior courts, the Governors of the territories, the Attorney-General of the Republic, the President and the Directors of the Central Bank and other civil servants, when established by law;
  15. appoint, with due regard for the provisions of article 73, the Justices of the Federal Court of Accounts;
  16. appoint judges in the events established by this Constitution and the Advocate-General of the Union;
  17. appoint members of the Council of the Republic, in accordance with article 89, VII;
  18. call and preside over the Council of the Republic and the National Defense Council;
  19. declare war, in the event of foreign aggression, authorized by the National Congress or confirmed by it, whenever it occurs between legislative sessions and, under the same conditions, to decree full or partial national mobilization;
  20. make peace, authorized or confirmed by the National Congress;
  21. award decorations and honorary distinctions;
  22. permit, in the cases set forth by supplementary law, foreign forces to pass through the national territory, or to remain temporarily therein;
  23. submit to the National Congress the pluriannual plan, the bill of budgetary directives and the budget proposals set forth in this Constitution;
  24. render, each year, accounts to the National Congress concerning the previous fiscal year, within sixty days of the opening of the legislative session;
  25. fill and abolish federal government positions, as set forth by law;
  26. issue provisional measures, with force of law, according to article 62;
  27. perform other duties set forth in this Constitution.

Requirements to hold office

According the 1988 Constitution, the president must be a native-born citizen of Brazil, be at least 35 years of age, be a resident in Brazil, be an elector, have all the electoral rights and be inscribed in a political party (write-in candidates are forbidden). A native-born citizen or natural-born citizen of a country is a person who is legally recognized as that countrys citizen as of the moment of birth, rather than by acquiring citizenship afterwards through naturalization. ... Voting is a method of decision making wherein a group such as a meeting or an electorate attempts to gauge its opinion—usually as a final step following discussions or debates. ... Elections Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Suffrage (from the Latin suffragium, meaning vote) is the civil right to vote, or the exercise of that right. ... This article lists political parties in Brazil. ... A write-in candidate is a candidate in an election whose name does not appear on the ballot, but for whom voters may vote nonetheless by writing in the persons name. ...


Term of office

Currently the president serves a four-year term with the possibility of reelection for just one more term sequentially. The reelection for executive posts has existed since 1997, when the Amendment nº 16 was passed.


Privileges of office

While in office, the president is entitled to use the official residences - the Palácio da Alvorada and Granja do Torto as his living quarters, the Palácio Rio Negro as his retreat, and the Palácio do Planalto as his workplace. The president is also entitled a personal staff, consisting of medical and security personnel, secretaries and assistants. Furthermore, the president has at his disposal two custom-built aircraft, including the FAB 001 "Brazilian Air Force One" - designed to allow the president to fully conduct his duties from the air, along with helicopters and official vehicles. // An official residence is the residence at which heads of state, heads of government, gubernatorial or other senior figures officially reside. ... The south façade of the Alvorada, the reflecting pool and the bronze sculpture by Cheschiatti. ... Palácio do Planalto is the seat of the Brazilian Government. ... FAB 001 is the Brazilian Air Force call sign of the aircraft carrying the President of Brazil. ...


Office-holders

Latest election

[discuss] – [edit]
Summary of the 1 October and 29 October 2006 Brazil presidential election results
Candidates Votes % 1st round Votes % 2nd round
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (PT, PC do B, PRB, PL, PSB, PP, PMN) 46,662,365 48.61 58,295,042 60.83
Geraldo Alckmin (PSDB, PFL, PPS) 39,968,369 41.64 37,543,178 39.17
Heloísa Helena (P-SOL, PSTU, PCB) 6,575,393 6.85 - -
Cristovam Buarque (PDT) 2,538,844 2.64 - -
Ana Maria Rangel (PRP) 126,404 0.13 - -
José Maria Eymael (PSDC) 63,294 0.07 - -
Luciano Bivar (PSL) 62,064 0.06 - -
Total (turnout 83.2 and ) 95,996,733 100.00 95,838,220 100.00
Notes: party of the candidate, supporting parties, unofficial supporting parties
Source: Justiça Eleitoral

This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Wikinews has news related to this article: Category:Political crisis in Brazil The Partido dos Trabalhadores (Portuguese for Workers Party) is a left-wing political party in Brazil. ... The Communist Party of Brazil (Partido Comunista do Brasil), better known by its abbreviation PCdoB, or its nickname Partidos dos Estúpidos Não Pensantes, is a political party in Brazil. ... The Brazilian Republican Party (Portuguese: Partido Republicano Brasileiro) is a Brazilian political party. ... The Liberal Party (Portuguese: Partido Liberal) is a political party of Brazil. ... The late President of PSB Miguel Arraes. ... The Progressive party is a right-wing Brazilian party embracing liberal-conservatism. ... Brazils Party of National Mobilization (Partido da Mobilização Nacional - PMN) is a national-centrist party founded by politicians from the state of Minas Gerais on April 21, 1984, advocating for agrarian reform, termination of debt payments, ending of relations with the IMF and formation of a trade bloc... Geraldo Alckmin Geraldo José Rodrigues Alckmin (born in Pindamonhangaba, São Paulo, November 7, 1952) is a Brazilian politician and former governor of São Paulo. ... The Brazilian Social Democracy Party (Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira) is a political party in Brazil. ... The Liberal Front Party (Partido da Frente Liberal) is a political party in Brazil. ... The Socialist Peoples Party (Portuguese: Partido Popular Socialista, PPS) is a political party in Brazil. ... Heloísa Helena in 2001 Heloísa Helena Lima de Moraes Carvalho (born June 6, 1963 in Pão de Açúcar) is a left-wing politician in Brazil. ... The Socialism and Freedom Party (Partido Socialismo e Liberdade, P-SOL) is a Brazilian political party. ... The Unified Socialist Workers Party (Portuguese: Partido Socialista dos Trabalhadores Unificado, PSTU) is a Trotskyist organisation in Brazil. ... Brazilian Communist Party (in Portuguese, Partido Comunista Brasileiro) is a political party in Brazil. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... For alternative meanings, see Democratic Labour Party The Democratic Labour Party (PDT) (Partido Democrático Trabalhista) is a left-wing political party in Brazil. ... Ana Rangel Maria (Rio de Janeiro, 21 May 1957) is a Brazilian politician, is the presidential candidate in 2006 for Progressive Republican Party). ... The Progressive Republican Party (Portuguese: Partido Republicano Progressista) is a Brazilian political party. ... José Eymael Maria (Porto Alegre, 2 November 1939) is one Brazilian politician. ... The Christian Social Democratic Party (Partido Social Democrata Cristão) is a christian-democratic political party in Brazil. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Categories: Politics stubs | Liberal related stubs | Liberal parties | Brazilian political parties ...

References

  • Galeria dos Presidentes - informações históricas (Portuguese). Presidência da República. Retrieved on 2007-04-25.
  • Federal Constitution of 1988 (Portuguese). Presidência da República. Retrieved on 2007-04-25.
  • New Air Force One for President Lula. Mercopress. Retrieved on 2006-07-06.
  • Centro de Informação de Acervos dos Presidentes da República (Portuguese). Arquivo Nacional. Retrieved on 2007-04-25.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

See also: List of Brazilian monarchs This is a list of Presidents of Brazil. ... Since 1994, as a result of a constitutional amendment which reduced the presidential term to four years, all federal and state elections in Brazil have coincided. ... Politics of Brazil takes place in a framework of a federal presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Brazil is both head of state and head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... The cabinet of Brazil, called ministério, is the executive branch of the brazilian government. ... Category: ... FAB Uno is the Brazilian Air Force call sign of the aircraft carrying the President of Brazil. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Presidents of Brazil
  • Official website of the Presidency of the Republic (Portuguese)
  • Official website of the National Archives of Brazil, featuring detailed information on every presidential administration (Portuguese)
  • Museum of the Republic (Portuguese)
  • Presidents of Brazil 1889-2006

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