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Encyclopedia > President Nixon
Richard M. Nixon
Richard M. Nixon
Order: 37th President
Vice President: Spiro Agnew (19691973),

Gerald R. Ford (19731974) WHPO-MPF-C6779(04) Richard Nixon, Official Presidential Photograph, 07/08/1971 NARA ARC Holdings, Nixon Presidential Materials Photographer: Hartmann File links The following pages link to this file: Richard Nixon Madman theory Categories: Executive Office of the President images ... Spiro Theodore Agnew, born Spiro Anagnostopoulos (November 9, 1918 – September 17, 1996), was the thirty-ninth Vice President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1973 under President Richard M. Nixon. ... 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. ... Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. ... 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. ... 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ...

Term of office: January 20, 1969August 9, 1974
Preceded by: Lyndon B. Johnson
Succeeded by: Gerald R. Ford
Date of birth: January 9, 1913
Place of birth: Yorba Linda, California
Date of death: April 22, 1994
Place of death: New York, New York
First Lady: Pat Nixon
Political party: Republican

Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913April 22, 1994) was the thirty-seventh President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. He was also Dwight D. Eisenhower's Vice President (19531961). He is the only man to have been elected twice to the Vice Presidency and twice to the Presidency, and he was the fifth Republican President to be elected to two terms. Nixon is noted for his diplomatic foreign policy and moderate domestic policy, but he is also remembered as the first and only U.S. President to have ever resigned from office. His resignation came after a loss of political support in the Congress amidst the Watergate scandal —regarding the improper use of Presidential powers to silence political and legal opposition. January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... August 9 is the 221st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (222nd in leap years), with 144 days remaining. ... 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... Order: 36th President Vice President: Hubert H. Humphrey Term of office: November 22, 1963 – January 20, 1969 Preceded by: John F. Kennedy Succeeded by: Richard M. Nixon Date of birth: August 27, 1908 Place of birth: Gillespie County, Texas Date of death: January 22, 1973 Place of death: Johnson City... Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. ... January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1913 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Yorba Linda is a city located in Orange County, California, approximately 13 miles northeast of Downtown Santa Ana. ... April 22 is the 112th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (113th in leap years). ... 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... -1... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... Pat Nixon Patricia Ryan Nixon (March 16, 1912 – June 22, 1993) was the wife of Richard Nixon and First Lady of the United States from 1969-1974. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1913 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... April 22 is the 112th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (113th in leap years). ... 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... Seal of the President of the United States The President of the United States is the head of state of the United States. ... 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... Order: 34th President Vice President: Richard Nixon Term of office: January 20, 1953 – January 20, 1961 Preceded by: Harry S. Truman Succeeded by: John F. Kennedy Date of birth: October 14, 1890 Place of birth: Denison, Texas Date of death: March 28, 1969 Place of death: Washington, D.C. First... The Vice President of the United States is the second-highest executive official of the United States government, the person who is a heartbeat from the presidency. As first in the presidential line of succession, the Vice President becomes the new President of the United States upon the death, resignation... 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1961 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... Moderate in the sense meant here is an intermediate position between those generally classified as being left-wing and those seen as being right-wing. ... A resignation occurs when a person holding a position gained by election or appointment steps down. ... The Watergate Complex as depicted in Government Exhibit 1. ...

Contents


Birth and early years

Nixon was born in Yorba Linda, California on January 9, 1913, to Francis Nixon and Hannah Milhous. He was raised as an evangelical Quaker by his mother, who hoped he would become a Quaker missionary. His upbringing is said to have been marked by such conservative evangelical Quaker observances as refraining from drinking, dancing and swearing. Yorba Linda is a city located in Orange County, California, approximately 13 miles northeast of Downtown Santa Ana. ... January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Evangelicalism, in a strictly lexical, but rarely used sense, refers to all things that are implied in belief that Jesus is the savior. ... The Religious Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers, or Friends, is a religious community founded in England in the 17th century. ...


His father focused on the family business, a store that sold groceries and gasoline. Nixon always spoke highly of his parents. He began his memoirs with the words "I was born in a house my father built." He often spoke lovingly of his mother as a "Quaker saint." Nixon's early life was marked by tragedy in the deaths of two of his brothers, one from cancer and one from a childhood accident.

Nixon attended Fullerton High School, and won an award from the Harvard Club of California as the state's outstanding student his senior year of high school. However, his family was unable to afford his leaving home for college. He instead attended Whittier College, a local Quaker school where he founded the Orthogonian Society, a fraternity that competed with the already established Franklin Society. Nixon then went on to become the student body president of Whittier College. Nixon's chief accomplishment as president was organizing Whittier College's first school dance, forbidden by the Quakers. In 1934 he graduated second in his class, and went to Duke University law school, where he received a full scholarship. Public photo of the young LT Commander Richard Nixon of the US Navy 1945 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Harvard University is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, and a member of the Ivy League. ... State nickname: The Golden State Other U.S. States Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger Official languages English Area 410,000 km² (3rd)  - Land 404,298 km²  - Water 20,047 km² (4. ... Japanese high school students in uniform High school, or Secondary school, is the last segment of compulsory education in Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, Japan, Malaysia, South Korea, Singapore, Taiwan (Republic of China) (only junior high school) and the United States. ... Whittier College is a private Quaker college in Whittier, California. ... The Orthogonian Society is a local fraternity at Whittier College, co-founded by Richard Nixon and primarily known for its football team heritage. ... A fraternity is an organization that represents the relationship between its members as akin to brotherhood. ... 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Duke University is a private university located in Durham, North Carolina in the United States. ... Law school is the term used in the United States to indicate an institution where future lawyers obtain legal degrees, mainly teaching using the socratic method. ... A scholarship is an award of access to an institution and/or a financial aid award for an individual for the purposes of furthering their education. ...


During World War II, Nixon served in the United States Navy. He could have been exempt from military service because of his Quaker religion, but volunteered anyway. He later said he hated Hitler and was horrified by the attack on Pearl Harbor. Nixon served as a Cargo Officer in the South Pacific theater. He rose to the rank of Lieutenant Commander and his superiors praised him as an excellent officer and leader. One interesting footnote about Nixon's Naval career is that he learned to play poker for the first time and quickly became known as the best poker player in the Navy, having apparently won almost $10,000 by war's end. It was in the Navy he met his future friend and Secretary of State William P. Rogers. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (over 11 miles) into the air. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945, standard German pronunciation in the IPA) was the Führer (leader) of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) and of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. ... The Imperial Japanese Navy made its attack on Pearl Harbor on the morning of December 7, 1941. ... The Seal of the United States Secretary of State The United States Secretary of State is the head of the United States Department of State, concerned with foreign affairs. ... William Pierce Rogers (June 23, 1913–January 2, 2001) was an American politician, who served as a Cabinet officer in the administrations of two U.S. Presidents in the third quarter of the 20th century. ...


Early political career

Nixon was elected to the United States House of Representatives from California in 1946 by beating Jerry Voorhis. The 80th Congress was the first with a Republican majority since the Hoover administration and its freshman class was filled with fellow war veterans, including Nixon's future rival John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts. The campaign he ran against Voorhis highlighted the aggressive campaigning style that Nixon was one of the pioneers of. During a debate with Voorhis he held up members of a Political Action Committee (PAC) that Vooris received substantial campaign donations from. Then he held up a list of members from a Left-Wing PAC with Communist affiliations, and said that, there were a few people who were in both Committees. Nixon said "they're basically the same, if their members are the same..." Although Nixon's allegations were untrue, they succeeded and Voorhis was booed by the crowd. The House of Representatives is the larger of two houses that make up the U.S. Congress, the other being the United States Senate. ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 80th Congress (1947-1949) Congressional Profile Total Membership: 435 Representatives, 2 Delegates, 1 Resident Commissioner Party Divisions: 246 Republicans, 188 Democrats, 1 American-Labor Leadership & Officers Speaker of the House: Joseph W. Martin, Jr. ... Order: 31st President Vice President: Charles Curtis Term of office: March 4, 1929 – March 4, 1933 Preceded by: Calvin Coolidge Succeeded by: Franklin D. Roosevelt Date of birth: August 10, 1874 Place of birth: West Branch, Iowa Date of death: October 20, 1964 Place of death: New York City, New... Order: 35th President Vice President: Lyndon B. Johnson Term of office: January 20, 1961 – November 22, 1963 Preceded by: Dwight D. Eisenhower Succeeded by: Lyndon B. Johnson Date of birth: May 29, 1917 Place of birth: Brookline, Massachusetts Date of death: November 22, 1963 Place of death: Dallas, Texas First... State nickname: Bay State Other U.S. States Capital Boston Largest city Boston Governor Mitt Romney Official languages English Area 27,360 km² (44th)  - Land 20,317 km²  - Water 7,043 km² (25. ...

Richard Nixon with his wife Pat.
Richard Nixon with his wife Pat.

In the House, Nixon served on a committee that helped to implement the Marshall Plan which aided war-torn Europe. He also helped in the passage of the Taft-Hartley Act which set up controls over labor unions. He proposed a bill to facilitate servicemen's voting that was passed by both houses and signed into law. Nixon climbed the political ladder swiftly, making his name as an anti-Communist and a rough, no-holds-barred campaigner. He became a member of the House Un-American Activities Committee and was instrumental in the trial of State Department Undersecretary and General Secretary of the United Nations Charter meeting Alger Hiss for perjury after the exposure of his activities as a Soviet spy. In 1948, Nixon won both the Republican and Democratic nomination for re-election to the House. Public photo of Pat and Richard Nixon exiting a US plane This work is copyrighted. ... Public photo of Pat and Richard Nixon exiting a US plane This work is copyrighted. ... A Congressional committee in the parlance of the United States Congress and politics of the United States is a legislative sub-organization that handles a specific duty (rather than the general duties of Congress, making necessary and proper laws). ... U.S. postage stamp issued 1997 honoring the 50th anniversary of the Marshall Plan. ... A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is geologically and geographically a peninsula, forming the westernmost part of Eurasia. ... The Taft-Hartley Act severely restricted the activities and power of labor unions in the United States. ... A union (labor union in American English; trade union, sometimes trades union, in British English; either labour union or trade union in Canadian English) is a legal entity consisting of employees or workers having a common interest, such as all the assembly workers for one employer, or all the workers... An Act of Congress is a bill or resolution adopted by both houses of the United States Congress to which one of the following events has happened: Acceptance by the President of the United States, Inaction by the President after ten days from reception (excluding Sundays) while the Congress is... Politics is the process and method of making decisions for groups. ... Anti-communism is opposition to communist ideology, organization, or government, on either a theoretical or practical level. ... The House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) was an investigating committee of the United States House of Representatives. ... The United States Department of State, often referred to as the State Department, is the Cabinet-level foreign affairs agency of the United States government, equivalent to foreign ministries in other countries. ... The United Nations, or UN, is an international organization established in 1945 and now made up of 191 states. ... Alger Hiss (November 11, 1904 – November 15, 1996) was a U.S. lawyer and government official. ... Perjury is lying or making verifiably false statements under oath in a court of law. ... The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) (Russian: (СССР)  listen?; tr. ...


Nixon was elected to the United States Senate in 1950, defeating actress turned congresswoman Helen Gahagan Douglas, whom Nixon accused during the campaign of having communist sympathies. In the campaign the Independent Review newspaper tagged Nixon with the name he would never shake: "Tricky Dick". Seal of the Senate The United States Senate is one of the two houses of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... Results -- Republican holds in light red, pickups in dark red, Democratic holds in light blue, pickups in dark blue The U.S. Senate election, 1950 was an election for the United States Senate which occurred in the middle of Harry Trumans second term as President. ... Helen Gahagan in the 1920s Helen Gahagan (25 November 1900 - 28 June 1980) was a United States actress and (under the name Helen Gahagan Douglas) a politician. ...


Vice Presidency

Nixon and Eisenhower at a 1952 Campaign stop
Enlarge
Nixon and Eisenhower at a 1952 Campaign stop

In 1952 he was elected Vice President on Dwight D. Eisenhower's ticket, although he was only 39 years old. Eisenhower Library File No. ... Eisenhower Library File No. ... Introduction After several years of stalemate in the Korean War and a choppy economy, the Truman administration was relatively unpopular. ... Introduction After several years of stalemate in the Korean War and a choppy economy, the Truman administration was relatively unpopular. ... Order: 34th President Vice President: Richard Nixon Term of office: January 20, 1953 – January 20, 1961 Preceded by: Harry S. Truman Succeeded by: John F. Kennedy Date of birth: October 14, 1890 Place of birth: Denison, Texas Date of death: March 28, 1969 Place of death: Washington, D.C. First...


One notable event of the campaign was Nixon's innovative use of television. Nixon was accused by nameless sources of having been financed by a slush fund provided by business supporters. He went on TV and defended himself in an emotional speech in which he stated that his wife Pat did not wear mink, but rather "a respectable Republican cloth coat," and stated that although he had been given a cocker spaniel named "Checkers," he was not going to give it back because his daughters loved it. The "Checkers speech", as it was called, resulted in a flood of support that required Eisenhower to keep Nixon on the ticket. Slush fund was originally a nautical term; the slush referred to the fat or grease that was obtained by boiling meat, the sale of which could then be used to provide the crew with special luxuries. ... Business refers to at least three closely related commercial topics. ... Pat Nixon Patricia Ryan Nixon (March 16, 1912 - June 22, 1993) was the wife of Richard Nixon and First Lady of the United States. ... Both types of Cocker Spaniel come in a variety of coat colors. ... The Checkers speech was a speech given by Richard Nixon on September 23, 1952, when he was the Republican candidate for the Vice Presidency. ...


Nixon was notable among Vice Presidents in having actually stepped up to run the government three times when Eisenhower was ill: on the occasions of Eisenhower's heart attack on September 24, 1955; his ileitis in June 1956; and his stroke in November 1957. He also proved to be able to quickly think on his feet which was demonstrated on July 24, 1959, at the opening of the American National Exhibition in Moscow where he and Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev had an impromptu "kitchen debate" about the merits of capitalism versus communism. A myocardial infarction occurs when an atherosclerotic plaque slowly builds up in the inner lining of a coronary artery and then suddenly ruptures, totally occluding the artery and preventing blood flow downstream. ... September 24 is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years). ... 1955 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Crohns disease is a chronic inflammatory disease of the alimentary tract and it can involve any part of it - from the mouth to the anus. ... June is the sixth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four with the length of 30 days. ... 1956 was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A stroke or cerebrovascular accident (CVA) occurs when the blood supply to a part of the brain is suddenly interrupted by occlusion (an ischemic stroke- approximately 90%of strokes) or by hemorrhage (a hemorrhagic stroke - approximately 10% of strokes). ... November is the eleventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four Gregorian months with the length of 30 days. ... 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 24 is the 205th day (206th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 160 days remaining. ... 1959 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Saint Basils Cathedral Moscow (Russian/Cyrillic: Москва́, pronunciation: Moskvá) is the capital of Russia, located on the river Moskva, and encompassing 1097. ... Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchyov (Khrushchev) (Russian: Ники́та Серге́евич Хрущёв  listen?, April 17, 1894 â€“ September 11, 1971) was the leader of the Soviet Union after the death of Joseph Stalin. ... Soviet Premier Nikita Khruschev and United States Vice President Richard Nixon Debate the merits of communism versus capitalism in a model American kitchen at the American National Exhibition in Moscow in July of 1959. ... Capitalism has been defined in various ways (see q:Capitalism). ... This article is about communism as a form of society built around a gift economy, as an ideology that advocates that form of society, and as a popular movement. ...


Although regarded as one of the most intellectual United States presidents, Nixon displayed a somewhat anti-intellectual streak during the 1952 campaign, criticizing the extremely intelligent Democratic presidential nominee, Adlai Stevenson, as an "egghead." An intellectual is a person who uses his or her intellect to study, reflect, and speculate on a variety of different ideas. ... Portrait of Adlai Stevenson Adlai Ewing Stevenson II (February 5, 1900 – July 14, 1965) was an American politician and statesman, noted for his skill in debate and oratory. ... In the slang of the United States, egghead was an anti-intellectual epithet, directed at people considered too out-of-touch with ordinary people and too lacking in realism, common sense, virility, etc. ...


1960 election and post-Vice Presidency

Vice President Nixon, right, and Senator John Kennedy during their TV debate prior to the 1960 presidential election
Vice President Nixon, right, and Senator John Kennedy during their TV debate prior to the 1960 presidential election

In 1960, he ran for President on his own but lost to John F. Kennedy, ironically a friend of Nixon's (Kennedy, in fact, was one of the first to congratulate Nixon when he was chosen as Eisenhower's running mate). Many observers believe that a crucial factor in his loss was the first televised presidential debate. Despite his five o'clock shadow, Nixon refused television makeup (instead using simple "Lazy Shave" coverup makeup) and was feeling sick, having recently injured his knee while campaigning. Nixon likewise was instructed by CBS television producers to wear a grey suit that blended into the backdrop, whereas Kennedy was told by the same producer to wear a black suit which would stand out when black and white television was the standard. He expected to win voters with his foreign-policy expertise, but people only saw a sickly man sweating profusely and wearing a gray suit that blended into the scenery; while his rival, Kennedy, looked comfortable in his position. It has since been widely suggested, with some support from research, that those who had listened to the debate on radio thought Nixon had won, but that the television audience gave the win to Kennedy. Also, Eisenhower didn't show much support for Nixon, and only reluctantly endorsed him as the Republican candidate at the 1960 Presidential election. Nixon campaigned against Kennedy on the great experience he had acquired in eight years as Vice President, but when Eisenhower was asked to name a decision Nixon had been responsible for in that time, he replied (intending a joke): "Give me a week and I might think of something." This was a severe blow to Nixon, and he blamed Eisenhower for his narrow loss to Kennedy. Public domain image, distributed widely. ... Public domain image, distributed widely. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Order: 35th President Vice President: Lyndon B. Johnson Term of office: January 20, 1961 – November 22, 1963 Preceded by: Dwight D. Eisenhower Succeeded by: Lyndon B. Johnson Date of birth: May 29, 1917 Place of birth: Brookline, Massachusetts Date of death: November 22, 1963 Place of death: Dallas, Texas First... Senator John F. Kennedy debates Vice President Richard M. Nixon in the first televised debates, 1960. ... Five OClock Shadow A Boston base a cappella group from 1991-2003. ... CBSs first color logo, which debuted in the fall of 1965. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ...


On November 7, 1962, he lost a race for Governor of California. In his concession speech, Nixon accused the media of favoring his opponent Pat Brown, and stated that it was his "last press conference" and that "You won't have Dick Nixon to kick around any more." Many mocked Nixon for being a "sore loser" for saying this to the reporters. However, many others praised Nixon for telling the press off. He often said that he never regretted his comments at this famous press conference. November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. ... 1962 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Governors Arnold Schwarzenegger and Gray Davis with President George W. Bush (2003) The Governor of California is the highest executive authority in the state government, whose responsibilities include making yearly State of the State addresses to the California State Legislature, submitting the budget, attending a grand meeting with all the... Edmund Gerald Brown Sr. ...


Coincidentally, Nixon was in Dallas earlier on November 22, 1963, the day that President John F. Kennedy was assassinated. Nixon spoke to a meeting of Pepsi-Cola bottlers. Dallas redirects here. ... John F. Kennedy The assassination of John F. Kennedy, the thirty-fifth President of the United States, took place on Friday, November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas, USA at 12:30 PM Central Standard Time (18:30 UTC). ... The current Pepsi logo Pepsi-Cola (often shortened to Pepsi), is a carbonated cola soft drink manufactured by PepsiCo, and the principal rival of Coca-Cola. ...


Presidency

Nixon's post-election defeatist mood did not last. He moved to New York City and worked as a prominent lawyer. In the 1966 Congressional elections, he traveled the country, speaking in support of Republican candidates and preparing for another campaign of his own. In the election of 1968, he completed a remarkable political comeback by defeating Hubert H. Humphrey to become the 37th President of the United States. He was the first Vice-President to be elected President who did not succeed the President under whom he had served. Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the United States, and is at the center of international finance, politics, communications, music, fashion, and culture. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Hubert Horatio Humphrey II (May 27, 1911 – January 13, 1978) was the 38th Vice President of the United States, twice served as a United States Senator from Minnesota and was mayor of Minneapolis, Minnesota. ... Seal of the President of the United States The President of the United States is the head of state of the United States. ...

President Nixon greets Chinese Communist Party Chairman Mao (left) in China visit 1972
President Nixon greets Chinese Communist Party Chairman Mao (left) in China visit 1972

Nixon appealed to what he claimed was the "silent majority" of socially conservative Americans who disliked the "hippie" counterculture and civil rights and anti-war demonstrators. Nixon also promised "peace with honor," and without claiming to be able to win the war, Nixon claimed that "new leadership will end the war and win the peace in the Pacific." When a reporter pressed Nixon for specifics, he did not reveal any details. Because of this, Nixon's opponents criticized him for not revealing his secret plan to end the Vietnam War, although Nixon had not used this famous phrase. Still, many voters supported Nixon because they believed he would end the war. US President Richard Nixon meeting Chinese Communist Party Chairman Mao in 1972 during Nixons visit to Peking, China. ... US President Richard Nixon meeting Chinese Communist Party Chairman Mao in 1972 during Nixons visit to Peking, China. ... Mao Zedong (December 26, 1893 – September 9, 1976) was the chairman of the Politburo of the Communist Party of China from 1943 and the chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China from 1945 until his death. ... Silent Majority was the first rap group that came out on the Sens Unik label Unik Records. ... Flower-Power Bus Hippie (or sometimes hippy) is a term originally used to describe some of the rebellious youth of the 1960s and 1970s. ... In sociology, counterculture is a term used to describe a cultural group whose values and norms are at odds with those of the social mainstream, a cultural equivalent of a political Opposition. ... Civil rights or positive rights are those legal rights retained by citizens and protected by the government. ... Anti war protest in Melbourne, Australia, 2003 Anti_war is a name that is widely adopted by any social movement or person that seeks to end or oppose a future or current war. ... The Vietnam War was fought from 1957 to 1975 between Soviet-supported Vietnamese nationalist and Communist forces and an array of Western and pro-Western forces, most notably the United States. ...


He proposed the Nixon Doctrine to establish a strategy of turning over the fighting of the war to the Vietnamese. During the war, on July 30, 1969, Nixon made an unscheduled visit to South Vietnam, and met with President Nguyen Van Thieu and with US military commanders. American involvement in the war ended while Nixon was in office, but only after four more years of strategic bombing and defeat on the ground that led to the withdrawal of US troops, and left the battle to the ineffective South Vietnamese army. The Nixon Doctrine was put forth in a press conference in Guam on July 25, 1969 by Richard Nixon. ... July 30 is the 211th day (212th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 154 days remaining. ... 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... Official language Vietnamese Capital Saigon Last President Duong Van Minh Last Prime Minister Vu Van Mau Area  - Total  - % water 173,809km² N/A Population  - Total  - Density 19,370,000 (1973 est. ... President Nguyen Van Thieu Nguyen Van Thieu (Nguyễn Văn Thiệu,Chu Nom: 阮文紹), (April 5, 1923 – September 29, 2001) was a former General and President of South Vietnam. ... Strategic bombing is a military strategem used in a total war style campaign that attempts to destroy the economic ability of a nation-state to wage war. ... Official language Vietnamese Capital Saigon Last President Duong Van Minh Last Prime Minister Vu Van Mau Area  - Total  - % water 173,809km² N/A Population  - Total  - Density 19,370,000 (1973 est. ...


Nixon's administration secretly began a massive bombing campaign in Cambodia in March, 1969 (code-named Menu) to destroy what were believed to be the headquarters and large numbers of soldiers of the National Front for the Liberation of Vietnam. The bombing campaign was kept secret from the American public and the U.S. Congress. Militarily ineffective, the bombing campaigns killed approximately one hundred thousand Cambodian peasants. However, NVA communist forces did use Cambodian soil as a supply line to the Vietcong in the south. March is the third month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... National Liberation Front (NLF) flag The National Front for the Liberation of Southern Vietnam (Vietnamese Mặt Trận Dân Tộc Giải Phóng Miền Nam), also known as the National Liberation Front (NLF) and as Front National de Liberté (FNL), was the primary rebel organization fighting the Colonialist French regime and later... Seal of the Congress. ...

President Nixon greets released POW (and future Republican Senator) Navy officer John McCain (on crutches) after years of imprisonment in North Vietnam, 1973.
President Nixon greets released POW (and future Republican Senator) Navy officer John McCain (on crutches) after years of imprisonment in North Vietnam, 1973.

In ordering the bombings, Nixon realized he would be extending an unpopular war as well as breaching Cambodia's "official" neutrality. He also understood that the war was politically un-winnable due to massive demonstrations. Details of the bombing were kept secret even from high ranking officials such as Secretary of State William P. Rogers and the Joint Chiefs of Staff. During deliberations over Nixon's impeachment, his unorthodox use of executive powers over the ordering of these bombings were considered as an article of impeachment, but the charge was dropped. This bombing (and an incursion by US forces into Cambodian territory in April 1970) added to the administration's tacit support for the overthrow of the neutralist royal government of Norodom Sihanouk by the rightist military dictator Lon Nol, created chaos, and drove much of the peasant population of that country into the arms of the Khmer Rouge, a Maoist revolutionary movement that would eventually kill 1.7 million Cambodians after taking power. Public photo of President Richard M. Nixon greeting released US officer and POW and future US Senator John McCain (R-Arizona) after Vietnam war File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Public photo of President Richard M. Nixon greeting released US officer and POW and future US Senator John McCain (R-Arizona) after Vietnam war File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Office: Senior Senator, Arizona Political party: Republican Term of office: January, 1987 – Present Preceded by: Barry Goldwater Succeeded by: Incumbent (2011) Date of birth: August 29, 1936 Place of birth: U.S. Panama Canal Zone Marriage: Cindy McCain John Sidney McCain III (born August 29, 1936) is an American politician. ... The Joint Chiefs of Staff is a panel comprising the highest-ranking members of each major branch of the armed services in any particular country. ... Time in office: April 24, 1941-March 3, 1955; November 20, 1991-October 7, 2004 (King from September 24, 1993) Predecessor: Sisowath Monivong (first time); Chea Sim (second time) Successor: Norodom Suramarit (first time); Norodom Sihamoni (second time) Date of Birth: October 31, 1922 Place of Birth: Phnom Penh His... General Lon Nol General Lon Nol (November 13, 1913 - November 17, 1985) was a Cambodian politician and former Defence Minister of Cambodia. ... The flag of the Khmer Rouge Party The Khmer Rouge (Khmer: Khmaey Krahom; French: Khmers Rouges) was a Communist organization which ruled Cambodia from 1975 to 1979. ... This is the History of Cambodia series. ...


On the morning of July 20, 1969, Nixon addressed Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin during their historic moonwalk, live via telephone. Along with those of the astronauts, Nixon's name and signature were inscribed on the plaques left behind by Apollo 11 in 1969 and Apollo 17 in 1972. Ironically it was the Democrat controlled Congress and President Nixon who had wound down the NASA budget and curtailed the Apollo program due to budget pressures caused principally by the vast expense of US involvement in Vietnam. On January 5, 1972 Nixon approved the development of the Space Shuttle program, a decision that profoundly influenced U.S. efforts to explore and develop space for several decades thereafter. July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... Neil Alden Armstrong (born August 5, 1930) is an American test pilot, astronaut, and was the first human being to walk on the Moon. ... Buzz in the LM Colonel Edwin Eugene Buzz Aldrin, Jr. ... Moonwalk has several meanings: Literally, walking on the Moon, as done by astronauts in the Apollo program from 1969 to 1972; see Extra-vehicular activity and List of spacewalks and moonwalks as well as Apollo moon landing hoax accusations moonwalk: A breakdance move. ... The Apollo 11 mission was the first manned lunar landing. ... Apollo 17 was the eleventh manned space mission in the NASA Apollo program, and was the sixth and last mission to date to land on the Moon. ... January 5 is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1972 was a leap year that started on a Saturday. ... The Space Shuttle Columbia seconds after engine ignition, 1981 (NASA). ...

Nixon meets Elvis Presley in December 1970
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Nixon meets Elvis Presley in December 1970

Nixon halted circulation of high-denomination U.S. currency in 1969 by executive order. At the time, he stated that he was taking this action to "make life harder for the Mafia." His comment drew irate criticism from many Americans of Italian ancestry, who regarded it as an ethnic slur. Elvis Presley meeting Richard Nixon. ... Elvis Presley meeting Richard Nixon. ... Elvis Presley Elvis Aaron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977), also known as The King of Rock and Roll, or as just simply The King, was an American singer who had an effect on world culture rivaled only by The Beatles . ... Today, the currency of the United States, the U.S. dollar, is printed in bills in denominations of $1, $2, $5, $10, $20, $50, and $100. ... 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... An executive order is a legally binding edict issued by a member of the executive branch of a government, usually the head of that branch. ... The Mafia, also referred to as La Cosa Nostra (Italian, variously translated as This Thing Of Ours or Our Thing), is the collective name of various secret organizations in Italy, Sicily, Corsica and the United States. ... The following is a list of ethnic slurs that are, or have been, used to refer to members of a given ethnicity (or in some cases, nationality, region, or religion) in a derogatory or pejorative manner. ...


In 1972 Nixon was re-elected in one of the biggest landslide election victories in U.S. political history, defeating George McGovern and garnering over 60% of the popular vote. He carried 49 of the 50 states, trailing only in Massachusetts. Democratic nomination Democratic Candidates Shirley Chisholm, U.S. representative from New York Fred Harris, U.S. senator from Oklahoma Hubert Humphrey, U.S. senator from Minnesota, former vice president, and 1968 presidential nominee Henry Scoop Jackson, U.S. senator from Washington John Lindsay, mayor of New York City Eugene McCarthy... Dr. George Stanley McGovern (born July 19, 1922 in Avon, South Dakota) was a United States Congressman, Senator, and Democratic presidential candidate, losing the 1972 presidential election to incumbent Richard Nixon. ...


On January 2, 1974 Nixon signed a bill that lowered the maximum US speed limit to 55 MPH in order to conserve gasoline during the 1973 energy crisis. January 2 is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... A speed limit is the maximum speed allowed by law for vehicles on a road. ... Miles per hour is a unit of speed, expressing the number of international miles covered per hour. ... Petrol (gasoline in the United States and Canada) is a petroleum-derived liquid mixture consisting primarily of hydrocarbons, used as fuel in internal combustion engines. ... (Redirected from 1973 energy crisis) United States, drivers of vehicles with odd numbered license plates were allowed to purchase gasoline only on odd-numbered days of the month, while drivers with even-numbers were limited to even-numbered days. ...


On April 3, Nixon announced he would pay $432,787.13 in back taxes plus interest after a congressional committee reported that he had inadvertently underpaid his 1969 and 1972 taxes. April 3 is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 272 days remaining. ...


Cabinet and appointments

Richard Nixon Presidential administration. ...

Watergate

Nixon's letter of resignation
Nixon's letter of resignation
Egyptian Foreign Minister Ismail Fahmi, Richard Nixon, and Henry Kissinger.
Egyptian Foreign Minister Ismail Fahmi, Richard Nixon, and Henry Kissinger.
Nixon departing the White House on August 9, 1974
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Nixon departing the White House on August 9, 1974

Nixon was eventually investigated for the instigation and cover-up of the burglary of the Democratic Party offices at the Watergate office complex, one of a series of scandals involving the Committee to Re-Elect the President (known as CRP but referred to by outsiders as CREEP), which also included the enemies list and assorted "dirty tricks." His secret recordings of White House conversations were subpoenaed, and revealed details of his complicity in the cover-up. Nixon was named by the grand jury investigating Watergate as "an unindicted co-conspirator" in the Watergate Scandal. He lost support from some in his own party as well as much popular support after the so-called Saturday Night Massacre in which he ordered Archibald Cox, the special prosecutor in the Watergate case fired, as well as firing several of his own subordinates who objected to this move. The House Judiciary Committee opened formal and public impeachment hearings against Nixon on May 9, 1974. In light of his loss of political support and the growing likelihood of his impeachment by the House of Representatives and a possible conviction by the Senate, he resigned, effective August 9, 1974. Sound  listen? During the Watergate Scandal, Nixon's approval rating fell to 25%, the lowest approval rating for any president. Richard Nixons letter of resignation to Henry Kissinger. ... Richard Nixons letter of resignation to Henry Kissinger. ... Meeting in the Oval Office between Nixon, Henry Kissinger, and Egyptian Foreign Minister Ismail Fahmi, 10/31/1973 (http://arcweb. ... Meeting in the Oval Office between Nixon, Henry Kissinger, and Egyptian Foreign Minister Ismail Fahmi, 10/31/1973 (http://arcweb. ... Henry Kissinger Henry Alfred Kissinger, (born May 27, 1923) former National Security Advisor in the Nixon Administration, Secretary of State in the Ford Administration, and winner of the 1973 Nobel Peace Prize, who played a dominant role in foreign affairs between 1969 and 1977. ... Image File history File links Richard Nixon delivering the V sign outside Army One upon his final departure from the White House Photograph by Robert L. Knudsen, August 9, 1974, National Archives (http://www. ... Image File history File links Richard Nixon delivering the V sign outside Army One upon his final departure from the White House Photograph by Robert L. Knudsen, August 9, 1974, National Archives (http://www. ... The Democratic Party is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... The Watergate building. ... The Committee to Re-elect the President, also known as CRP or CREEP, was a Nixon White House fund-raising organization headed by John N. Mitchell, the former Attorney General. ... Nixons Enemies List is the informal name of what started as a list of the Nixon administrations major political opponents compiled by Charles Colson and sent in memorandum form to John Dean on September 9, 1971. ... In politics, dirty tricks refers to duplicitous, slanderous, and downright illegal tactics employed by politicians (or their underlings) to win elections and/or destroy opponents. ... The southern side of the White House The White House is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the United States. ... The Watergate Complex as depicted in Government Exhibit 1. ... The Saturday Night Massacre was the dismissal of special prosecutor Archibald Cox and the forced resignations of Attorney General Elliot Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus by U.S. President Richard Nixon during the Watergate scandal on the night of Saturday, October 20, 1973. ... Archibald Cox, Jr. ... A special prosecutor is a lawyer from outside the government appointed by the attorney general or Congress to investigate a federal official for misconduct while in office. ... U.S. House Committee on the Judiciary, or (more commonly) the House Judiciary Committee, is a standing committee of the United States House of Representatives. ... Depiction of the impeachment trial of Andrew Johnson, then President of the United States, in 1868. ... May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (130th in leap years). ... 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... Seal of the Senate The United States Senate is one of the two houses of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... August 9 is the 221st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (222nd in leap years), with 144 days remaining. ... 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... To play the audio file do not click on the -image. ... Nixon Resign. ...


Nixon's presidency was frequently dogged by Nixon's personality, and the public perception of it. Editorial cartoonists and comedians had fun exaggerating Nixon's appearance and mannerisms, to the point where the line between the human president and the caricature version of him became increasingly blurred. He was often portrayed by these critics and commentators as a sullen loner, with unshaven jowls, slumped shoulders, and a furrowed, sweaty brow. He was also characterized as the very epitome of a "square" and the personification of unpleasant adult authority. Nixon tried to shed these perceptions by staging photo-ops with young people, and even appearing on popular TV shows such as Laugh-In and Hee Haw. He also frequently brandished the two-finger V sign (alternately viewed as the "Victory sign" or "peace sign") using both hands, an act which became one of his best-known trademarks. A photo op, short for photo opportunity, is a carefully planned human event that results in a memorable and effective photograph. ... Rowan & Martins Laugh-In was a United States comedy television show broadcast from January 22, 1968 through 1973 over the NBC Network. ... Hee Haw was a long-running television variety show hosted by Buck Owens and Roy Clark and featuring country music and humor with rural Kornfield Kounty as a backdrop. ... The V sign is a hand gesture in which the first and second fingers are raised and parted, whilst the remaining fingers are clenched. ...


Nixon's successor Gerald R. Ford issued a pre-emptive pardon, ending any possibility of indictment. Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. ...


Later years and death

In his later years Nixon worked to rehabilitate his public image, and enjoyed considerably more success than could have been anticipated at the time of his resignation. He gained great respect as an elder statesman in the area of foreign affairs, being consulted by both Democratic and Republican successors to the Presidency.


Further tape releases, however, removed all doubt as to Nixon's involvement both in the Watergate cover-up and also the illegal campaign finances and intrusive government surveillance that were at the heart of the scandal.


In July 2003, Jeb Stuart Magruder, a former Special Assistant to the President, alleged that Nixon had personally ordered the Watergate break-in by phone. Previously the only guilt that was alleged was his role in the cover up of the break-in. 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jeb Stuart Magruder (b. ... The Watergate building. ...

(Left to right:) Presidents Gerald Ford, Richard Nixon, George H. W. Bush, Ronald Reagan, and Jimmy Carter at the dedication of the Reagan Presidential Library. This was the first gathering of five presidents in one place at the same time.
(Left to right:) Presidents Gerald Ford, Richard Nixon, George H. W. Bush, Ronald Reagan, and Jimmy Carter at the dedication of the Reagan Presidential Library. This was the first gathering of five presidents in one place at the same time.

Nixon wrote many books after his departure from politics, including his memoirs. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... A memoir, as a literary genre, forms a sub-class of autobiography. ...


While generally in good health, he was on lifelong warfarin anticoagulant therapy after multiple episodes of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism starting in 1965 (these conditions would later contribute to his fatal stroke). He received surgery in 1974 for this problem (Barker et al 1997). Warfarin (also known under the brand name Coumadin®) is an anticoagulant medication that can be administered orally. ... An anticoagulant is a substance that prevents coagulation; that is, it stops blood from clotting. ... DVT can also refer to Driving Van Trailer Deep venous thrombosis (or DVT) is the occlusion of a deep vein by a blood clot (thrombus). It generally affects the leg veins, such as the femoral vein or the popliteal vein, or occasionally the veins of the arm (Paget-von Schroetter... 1965 was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ...


On April 18, 1994, at 5:45 PM EDT, Nixon suffered a severe stroke while preparing to eat dinner in his Park Ridge, New Jersey home. It was later determined that a blood clot that had formed in his upper heart as a result of his heart conditions broke off and traveled to his brain. He was rushed to New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center, where his condition deteriorated over the next several days. He might have lived longer had he been resuscitated using extraordinary measures, such as a respirator, but he refused such treatments, as he had stated in his earlier hospital visits. On April 22, he died at 9:08 PM at age 81. He was buried beside his wife Pat Nixon on the grounds of the Richard Nixon Library & Birthplace in Yorba Linda, California. Acting on his family's wishes, Nixon did not receive a state funeral, as customary for former presidents. However, President Bill Clinton, former secretary of state Henry Kissinger, Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole, and California Republican Governor Pete Wilson spoke at the April 27 funeral—the first for an American president since that of Lyndon B. Johnson (a service Nixon himself attended when president) on January 25, 1973. Also in attendance at Nixon's funeral were former presidents Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush and their respective first ladies. Nixon was survived by his two daughters Tricia and Julie, along with his four grandchildren. April 18 is the 108th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (109th in leap years). ... 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... Map highlighting Park Ridges location within Bergen County. ... State nickname: The Garden State Other U.S. States Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Governor Richard Codey (acting) Official languages None defined Area 22,608 km² (47th)  - Land 19,231 km²  - Water 3,378 km² (14. ... April 22 is the 112th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (113th in leap years). ... Pat Nixon Patricia Ryan Nixon (March 16, 1912 – June 22, 1993) was the wife of Richard Nixon and First Lady of the United States from 1969-1974. ... The Richard Nixon Library & Birthplace is the presidential library of Richard Milhous Nixon, 37th President of the United States, located at 18001 Yorba Linda Boulevard in Yorba Linda, California. ... Yorba Linda is a city located in Orange County, California, approximately 13 miles northeast of Downtown Santa Ana. ... A state funeral is a public funeral ceremony held to honor heads of state or other important people of national significance. ... Order: 42nd President Vice President: Al Gore Term of office: January 20, 1993 – January 20, 2001 Preceded by: George H. W. Bush Succeeded by: George W. Bush Date of birth: August 19, 1946 Place of birth: Hope, Arkansas First Lady: Hillary Rodham Clinton Political party: Democratic William Jefferson Clinton (born... Henry Kissinger Henry Alfred Kissinger, (born May 27, 1923) former National Security Advisor in the Nixon Administration, Secretary of State in the Ford Administration, and winner of the 1973 Nobel Peace Prize, who played a dominant role in foreign affairs between 1969 and 1977. ... Bob Dole Robert Joseph Dole (born July 22, 1923) is best known as a former Republican United States Senate Majority Leader and Senator from Kansas. ... Pete Wilson Peter Barton Wilson (born August 23, 1933) is an American Republican politician from California. ... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... Order: 36th President Vice President: Hubert H. Humphrey Term of office: November 22, 1963 – January 20, 1969 Preceded by: John F. Kennedy Succeeded by: Richard M. Nixon Date of birth: August 27, 1908 Place of birth: Gillespie County, Texas Date of death: January 22, 1973 Place of death: Johnson City... January 25 is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. ... Order: 38th President Vice President: Nelson A. Rockefeller Term of office: August 9, 1974 – January 20, 1977 Preceded by: Richard Nixon Succeeded by: Jimmy Carter Date of birth: July 14, 1913 Place of birth: Omaha, Nebraska First Lady: Betty Ford Political party: Republican Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. ... Order: 39th President Vice President: Walter Mondale Term of office: January 20, 1977 – January 20, 1981 Preceded by: Gerald Ford Succeeded by: Ronald Reagan Date of birth: October 1, 1924 Place of birth: Plains, Georgia First Lady: Rosalynn Carter Political party: Democratic James Earl Jimmy Carter, Jr. ... Order: 40th President Vice President: George H.W. Bush Term of office: 21 January 1981 – 20 January 1989 Preceded by: Jimmy Carter Succeeded by: George H.W. Bush Date of birth: 6 February 1911 Place of birth: Tampico, Illinois Date of death: 5 June 2004 Place of death: Bel-Air... Order: 41st President Vice President: J. Danforth Quayle Term of office: January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993 Preceded by: Ronald Reagan Succeeded by: Bill Clinton Date of birth: June 12, 1924 Place of birth: Milton, Massachusetts First Lady: Barbara Pierce Bush Political party: Republican George Herbert Walker Bush (born June... Categories: Stub | 1946 births | Children of U.S. Presidents ... Julie Nixon Eisenhower (born July 5, 1948 in Washington, D.C.) is the daughter of Richard Nixon and married to David Eisenhower, grandson of the 34th president, Dwight D. Eisenhower. ...


The Nixon Library contains only Nixon's pre- and post-presidential papers, as his presidential papers have been retained as government evidence. Nixon's attempts to protect his papers and gain tax advantages from them had been one of the important themes of the Watergate affair. Due to disputes over the papers, the library is privately funded and does not, like the other presidential libraries, receive support from the National Archives. The Richard Nixon Library & Birthplace is the presidential library of Richard Milhous Nixon, 37th President of the United States, located at 18001 Yorba Linda Boulevard in Yorba Linda, California. ... In the United States, the Presidential library system is a nationwide network of libraries administered by the Office of Presidential Libraries, which is part of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). ... The United States National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) is an independent agency of the U.S. federal government charged with preserving and documenting government and historical records. ...


Media

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Richard Nixon
(audio)
Complete Nixon Resignation Speech ( info)
Televised speech from the Oval Office on 8 Aug 1974 in entirety. (5.5 MB, ogg/Vorbis format).
Nixon Resignation Excerpt ( info)
Excerpt of televised speech from the Oval Office on 8 Aug 1974. (80 KB, ogg/Vorbis format).
Problems listening to the files? Media help.


Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Apollo 8 Accordion Antonio Vivaldi Aramaic language Symphony No. ... Nixon Resignation. ... This article is about a unit of data measurement. ... Ogg is a patent-free, fully open multimedia bitstream container format designed for efficient streaming and file compression (storage). ... Vorbis is an open and free audio compression (codec) project from the Xiph. ... Nixon Resign. ... A kilobyte (derived from the SI prefix kilo-) is a unit of information or computer storage equal to one thousand bytes. ... Ogg is a patent-free, fully open multimedia bitstream container format designed for efficient streaming and file compression (storage). ... Vorbis is an open and free audio compression (codec) project from the Xiph. ...


Quotations

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations by or about:
  • "You won't have Dick Nixon to kick around anymore. Because, gentlemen, this is my last press conference." 1962 after losing the race for Governor of California.
  • "This is the greatest week in the history of the world since the Creation, because as a result of what happened in this week, the world is bigger, infinitely." (concerning the Apollo Moon landing)

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikiquote is a sister project of Wikipedia, using the same MediaWiki software. ... 1962 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... State nickname: The Golden State Other U.S. States Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger Official languages English Area 410,000 km² (3rd)  - Land 404,298 km²  - Water 20,047 km² (4. ...

On Watergate

  • "I welcome this kind of examination because people have got to know whether or not their President is a crook. Well, I'm not a crook. I've earned everything I've got." November 17, 1973 Televised press conference at Walt Disney World, Florida (perhaps the most frequently satired thing he ever said).
  • "I don't give a shit what happens. I want you all to stonewall it, let them plead the Fifth Amendment, cover up or anything else, if it'll save it, save this plan. That's the whole point. We're going to protect our people if we can." (to Haldeman, tapes ordered released for the trial of Haldeman, Ehrlichman and Mitchell)
  • "I recognize that this additional material I am now furnishing may further damage my case," (after the ordered release of the White House tapes August 5, 1974)
  • "When the President does it, that means that it's not illegal." (explaining his interpretation of Executive Privilege to interviewer David Frost)
  • "I was under medication when I made the decision not to burn the tapes."
  • "Well, I screwed it all up real good, didn't I?"
  • "The greatness comes not when things go always good for you, but the greatness comes and you are really tested, when you take some knocks, some disappointments, when sadness comes, because only if you have been in the deepest valley can you ever know how magnificent it is to be on the highest mountain... Always remember, others may hate you. Those who hate you don't win unless you hate them. And then you destroy yourself." Farewell to White House staff August 8 1974.
  • "I think that the ability of the American people to review all that there is to know about their president using a microscope is wonderful. Still, I think some people get a little carried away when they take out their proctoscopes." (regarding the intense scrutiny which he was forced to endure.)

November 17 is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece. ... 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. ... Cinderella Castle, at the center of the Magic Kingdom, is Walt Disney World Resorts most recognizable icon Introduction Owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company, the Walt Disney World Resort in Florida, USA is home to four theme parks, two water parks, several resort hotels and golf courses... State nickname: Sunshine State, Everglade State Other U.S. States Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Governor Jeb Bush Official languages English Area 170,451 km² (22nd)  - Land 137,374 km²  - Water 30,486 km² (17. ... H.R. Haldeman, January 21, 1971. ... John D. Ehrlichman as Assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs, May 13, 1969. ... The name John Mitchell can refer to several different people. ... The southern side of the White House The White House is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the United States. ... August 5 is the 217th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (218th in leap years), with 148 days remaining. ... 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... Sir David Paradine Frost OBE (born April 17, 1939) is a British television presenter. ...

On peace

  • "Any nation that decides the only way to achieve peace is through peaceful means is a nation that will soon be a piece of another nation." (from his book No More Vietnams)
  • "The greatest honor history can bestow is the title of peacemaker." (From his 1969 inaugural; later used as Nixon's epitaph)

An epitaph (literally: on the grave in ancient Greek) is text honoring the dead, most commonly inscribed on a tombstone or plaque. ...

Miscellaneous

  • "Sock it to me?" (on the television comedy series Laugh-In)
  • "I don't know a lot about politics, but I do know a lot about baseball."
  • "Solutions are not the answer."
  • "I would have made a good pope."
  • "Let me say this about that."
  • "cookie pushers in striped pants", referring to the Peace Corps and the State Dept. Foreign Service
  • "We are all Keynesians now."

Rowan & Martins Laugh-In was a United States comedy television show broadcast from January 22, 1968 through 1973 over the NBC Network. ... Baseball is a team sport, in which a fist-sized ball is thrown by a defensive player called a pitcher and hit by an offensive player called a batter with a round, smooth stick called a bat. ... The Pope is the Catholic Bishop and patriarch of Rome, and head of the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Catholic Churches. ... The Peace Corps is an independent U.S. federal agency designed to promote mutual understanding between Americans and the outside world. ... The United States Foreign Service is a personnel system established under the Foreign Service Act. ...

Media portrayals of Nixon's life

  • The book and movie All the President's Men tell Woodward and Bernstein's story of the Watergate affair.
  • Best-selling historian author Stephen Ambrose wrote a three-volume biography (Nixon: The Education of a Politician 1913-1962, Nixon: The Triumph of a Politician, 1962-1972, Nixon: Ruin and Recovery 1973-1990) considered the definitive work among many Nixon biographies. The detailed accounts were mostly favorably regarded by both liberal and conservative reviewers.
  • Conservative author Victor Lasky published a book in 1977 called It Didn't Start With Watergate. The book points out that past presidents may have used wiretaps and engaged in other activities that Nixon was accused of, but were never pursued by the press or the subject of impeachment hearings.
  • Chuck Colson gives an insider account of the Watergate affair in Born Again
  • The movie Nixon directed by Oliver Stone.
  • Nixon in China is an opera dealing with Nixon's visit there.

All the Presidents Men is a 1974 non-fiction book by Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, the two journalists investigating the Watergate scandal for the Washington Post. ... Stephen Ambrose, at the 2001 premier of Band of Brothers Stephen Edward Ambrose (January 10, 1936 - October 13, 2002) was a popular historian and biographer of Dwight Eisenhower and Richard Nixon. ... 1977 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1977 calendar). ... Charles Wendell Chuck Colson was the chief counsel for President Richard Nixon from 1969 to 1973. ... Born again is a term used originally and mainly in Christianity, where it is associated with salvation, conversion and spiritual rebirth. ... Nixon is a 1995 film which tells the story of the political and personal life of former President Richard Nixon. ... Oliver Stone William Oliver Stone (born September 15, 1946 in New York City) is an Academy Award-winning American film director. ... The phrase Nixon in China is a historical reference to US President Richard Nixons visit to see Chairman Mao Zedong, leader of the Peoples Republic of China in 1972. ... The foyer of Charles Garniers Opéra, Paris, opened 1875 Opera is an art form consisting of a dramatic stage performance set to music. ...

Nixon in popular culture

Richard Nixon in The Simpsons
Enlarge
Richard Nixon in The Simpsons

Because of his place in American culture as a controversial President, Richard Nixon has appeared as a character (with varying degrees of verisimilitude), both major and minor, in a variety of fiction. Richard Nixon during a Whacking Day ceremony This is a screenshot of a copyrighted movie or television program. ... Richard Nixon during a Whacking Day ceremony This is a screenshot of a copyrighted movie or television program. ...

Neil Young's song Campaigner has a refrain discussing a place "where even Richard Nixon has got soul". Promotional poster for The Assassination of Richard Nixon The Assassination of Richard Nixon is a 2004 drama film, directed by Niels Mueller. ... Dick is a 1999 US comedy movie directed by Andrew Fleming from a script by himself and Sheryl Longin. ... Elvis Meets Nixon is a 1997 mockumentary film about the true story of Elvis Presley meeting then-President Richard Nixon on December 21, 1970. ... Forrest Gump is the lead character of the eponymous 1985 novel by Winston Groom, and of the 1994 Paramount Pictures film based on the novel. ... Hot Shots! Part Deux is a 1993 comedy spoof film, and a sequel to Hot Shots!. It starred Charlie Sheen, Lloyd Bridges, Valeria Golino, Richard Crenna, Brenda Bakke, Miguel Ferrer, Rowan Atkinson and Jerry Haleva. ... The Simpsons is the longest-running animated television series in American television history, with 16 seasons and 356 episodes since its debut on December 17, 1989 on FOX, and is a spin-off of The Tracey Ullman Show. ... Futurama is an animated United States cartoon series (March 28, 1999-2003) created by Matt Groening (who also created The Simpsons). ... For other uses of the word head, see head (disambiguation). ... The President of Earth is a theoretical future political office that is common in many science fiction works. ... The cast of Watchmen. ... // Events and trends The 1980s marked an abrupt shift towards more conservative lifestyles after the momentous cultural revolutions which took place in the 1960s and 1970s and the definition of the AIDS virus in 1981. ... Back to the Future Part II Video cover Back to the Future Part II is a 1989 film and is the second part of a trilogy, coming after Back to the Future and followed by Back to the Future Part III. It was directed by Robert Zemeckis and written by... Neil Young with guitar (from the 1991 Weld tour) Neil Young (born November 12, 1945) is a Canadian musician and filmmaker. ...


"The Love of Richard Nixon" is a song by Manic Street Preachers. The Love of Richard Nixon is the first single to be released from the Manic Street Preachers seventh studio album Lifeblood. ... The Manic Street Preachers are a Welsh rock band, one of the biggest in Britain for a period in the late 1990s, known for their early wild exploits; the mysterious disappearance and alleged suicide of Richey James Edwards (Richey James, as he preferred to be known); and for a progression...


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Bibliography

  • Nixon, Richard. (1978). RN: The Memoirs of Richard Nixon (Reprint). Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0671707418.
  • Nixon, Richard. (1969). Six Crises. Doubleday. ISBN 0385001258.
  • Nixon, Richard. (1980). Real War. Sidgwich Jackson. ISBN 0283986506.
  • Nixon, Richard. (1982). Leaders. Random House. ISBN 0446512494.
  • Nixon, Richard. (1987). No More Vietnams. Arbor House Publishing. ISBN 0877956685.
  • Nixon, Richard. (1988). 1999: Victory Without War. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0671627120.
  • Nixon, Richard. (1990). In the Arena: A Memoir of Victory, Defeat, and Renewal. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0671723189.
  • Nixon, Richard. (1992). Seize The Moment: America's Challenge In A One-Superpower World. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0671743430.
  • Nixon, Richard. (1994). Beyond Peace. Random House. ISBN 0679433236.

Further reading

  • Ambrose, Stephen E. (1991). Nixon: The Education of a Politician 1913–1962. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 067152836X.
  • Ambrose, Stephen E. (1989). Nixon: The Triumph of a Politician, 1962–1972. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0671528378.
  • Ambrose, Stephen E. (1991). Nixon: Ruin and Recovery 1973–1990. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0671691880.
  • Barker WF, Hickman EB, Harper JA, Lungren J. Venous interruption for pulmonary embolism: the illustrative case of Richard M. Nixon. Ann Vasc Surg 1997;11:387-90. PMID 9236996.
  • Becker, Elizabeth. (1986). When the War Was Over: Cambodia and the Khmer Rouge Revolution. Public Affairs. ISBN 1891620002.
  • Franklin, H. Bruce. (2000). Vietnam and Other American Fantasies. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press. ISBN 1558493328.
  • Hersh, Seymour M.. (1983). The Price of Power: Kissinger in the Nixon White House. Summit Books. ISBN 0671447602.
  • Lasky, Victor. (1977). It Didn't Start With Watergate. Penguin. ISBN 0803738579.
  • Summers, Anthony. (2000). The Arrogance of Power The Secret World of Richard Nixon. Victor Gollancz ISBN 0575062436
  • Taylor, Gary. (1997). The birth of culture. Cultural Selection: Why Some Achievements Survive the Test of Time - And Others Don't, pp. 257-289. Harpercollins. ISBN 0465044883.

External links

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Richard Nixon


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Preceded by:
Jerry Voorhis
United States Congressman for the 12th District of California
1947–1950
Succeeded by:
Patrick J. Hillings
Preceded by:
Sheridan Downey
United States Senator from California
1950–1953
Succeeded by:
Thomas Kuchel
Preceded by:
Earl Warren
Republican Party Vice Presidential candidate
1952 (won), 1956 (won)
Succeeded by:
Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr.
Preceded by:
Alben W. Barkley
Vice President of the United States
January 20, 1953January 20, 1961
Succeeded by:
Lyndon B. Johnson
Preceded by:
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Republican Party Presidential candidate
1960 (lost)
Succeeded by:
Barry Goldwater
Preceded by:
Barry Goldwater
Republican Party Presidential candidate
1968 (won), 1972 (won)
Succeeded by:
Gerald Ford
Preceded by:
Lyndon B. Johnson
President of the United States
January 20, 1969August 9, 1974
Succeeded by:
Gerald Ford


These are tables of congressional delegations from California in the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... Sheridan Downey (1884-1961) was a Democratic Senator from California. ... California was admitted to the Union on September 9, 1850. ... Categories: People stubs | 1910 births | 1994 deaths | United States Senators ... Earl Warren Earl Warren (March 19, 1891 – July 9, 1974) was a California district attorney, the 30th Governor of California, and the 14th Chief Justice of the United States from 1953–1969. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... The Vice President of the United States is the second-highest executive official of the United States government, the person who is a heartbeat from the presidency. As first in the presidential line of succession, the Vice President becomes the new President of the United States upon the death, resignation... Introduction After several years of stalemate in the Korean War and a choppy economy, the Truman administration was relatively unpopular. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. ... Alben W. Barkley Alben William Barkley (November 24, 1877 – April 30, 1956) was a Representative and a Senator from Kentucky and the thirty-fifth Vice President of the United States. ... The Vice President of the United States is the second-highest executive official of the United States government, the person who is a heartbeat from the presidency. As first in the presidential line of succession, the Vice President becomes the new President of the United States upon the death, resignation... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1961 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Order: 36th President Vice President: Hubert H. Humphrey Term of office: November 22, 1963 – January 20, 1969 Preceded by: John F. Kennedy Succeeded by: Richard M. Nixon Date of birth: August 27, 1908 Place of birth: Gillespie County, Texas Date of death: January 22, 1973 Place of death: Johnson City... Order: 34th President Vice President: Richard Nixon Term of office: January 20, 1953 – January 20, 1961 Preceded by: Harry S. Truman Succeeded by: John F. Kennedy Date of birth: October 14, 1890 Place of birth: Denison, Texas Date of death: March 28, 1969 Place of death: Washington, D.C. First... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... Seal of the President of the United States The President of the United States is the head of state of the United States. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Barry Goldwater Barry Morris Goldwater (January 1, 1909 – May 29, 1998) was a United States politician and a founding figure in the modern conservative movement in the USA. Goldwater personified the shift in balance in American culture from the Northeast to the West. ... Barry Goldwater Barry Morris Goldwater (January 1, 1909 – May 29, 1998) was a United States politician and a founding figure in the modern conservative movement in the USA. Goldwater personified the shift in balance in American culture from the Northeast to the West. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... Seal of the President of the United States The President of the United States is the head of state of the United States. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Democratic nomination Democratic Candidates Shirley Chisholm, U.S. representative from New York Fred Harris, U.S. senator from Oklahoma Hubert Humphrey, U.S. senator from Minnesota, former vice president, and 1968 presidential nominee Henry Scoop Jackson, U.S. senator from Washington John Lindsay, mayor of New York City Eugene McCarthy... Order: 38th President Vice President: Nelson A. Rockefeller Term of office: August 9, 1974 – January 20, 1977 Preceded by: Richard Nixon Succeeded by: Jimmy Carter Date of birth: July 14, 1913 Place of birth: Omaha, Nebraska First Lady: Betty Ford Political party: Republican Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. ... Order: 36th President Vice President: Hubert H. Humphrey Term of office: November 22, 1963 – January 20, 1969 Preceded by: John F. Kennedy Succeeded by: Richard M. Nixon Date of birth: August 27, 1908 Place of birth: Gillespie County, Texas Date of death: January 22, 1973 Place of death: Johnson City... Seal of the President of the United States The President of the United States is the head of state of the United States. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... August 9 is the 221st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (222nd in leap years), with 144 days remaining. ... 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... Order: 38th President Vice President: Nelson A. Rockefeller Term of office: August 9, 1974 – January 20, 1977 Preceded by: Richard Nixon Succeeded by: Jimmy Carter Date of birth: July 14, 1913 Place of birth: Omaha, Nebraska First Lady: Betty Ford Political party: Republican Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. ...




Seal of the President of the United States The President of the United States is the head of state of the United States. ... This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Order: 36th President Vice President: Hubert H. Humphrey Term of office: November 22, 1963 – January 20, 1969 Preceded by: John F. Kennedy Succeeded by: Richard M. Nixon Date of birth: August 27, 1908 Place of birth: Gillespie County, Texas Date of death: January 22, 1973 Place of death: Johnson City... 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... Order: 38th President Vice President: Nelson A. Rockefeller Term of office: August 9, 1974 – January 20, 1977 Preceded by: Richard Nixon Succeeded by: Jimmy Carter Date of birth: July 14, 1913 Place of birth: Omaha, Nebraska First Lady: Betty Ford Political party: Republican Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. ... George Washington - Wikipedia /**/ @import /w/skins-1. ... Order: 2nd President Vice President: Thomas Jefferson Term of office: March 4, 1797 – March 4, 1801 Preceded by: George Washington Succeeded by: Thomas Jefferson Date of birth: October 30, 1735 Place of birth: Braintree, Massachusetts Date of death: July 4, 1826 Place of death: Quincy, Massachusetts First Lady: Abigail Adams... Order: Third President Vice President: Aaron Burr; George Clinton Term of office: March 4, 1801 – March 4, 1809 Preceded by: John Adams Succeeded by: James Madison Date of birth: April 13, 1743 Place of birth: Shadwell, Virginia Date of death: July 4, 1826 Place of death: Charlottesville, Virginia First Lady... Order: 4th President Vice President: George Clinton; Elbridge Gerry Term of office: March 4, 1809 – March 4, 1817 Preceded by: Thomas Jefferson Succeeded by: James Monroe Date of birth: March 16, 1751 Place of birth: Port Conway, Virginia Date of death: June 28, 1836 Place of death: Montpelier, Virginia First... Order: 5th President Vice President: Daniel D. Tompkins Term of office: March 4, 1817 – March 4, 1825 Preceded by: James Madison Succeeded by: John Quincy Adams Date of birth: April 28, 1758 Place of birth: Westmoreland County, Virginia Date of death: July 4, 1831 Place of death: New York City... Order: 6th President Vice President: John Caldwell Calhoun Term of office: March 4, 1825 – March 4, 1829 Preceded by: James Monroe Succeeded by: Andrew Jackson Date of birth: July 11, 1767 Place of birth: Braintree, Massachusetts Date of death: February 23, 1848 Place of death: Washington, D.C. First Lady... Order: 7th President Vice President: John C. Calhoun (1829-1832) Martin Van Buren (1833-1837) Term of office: March 4, 1829 – March 3, 1837 Preceded by: John Quincy Adams Succeeded by: Martin Van Buren Date of birth: March 15, 1767 Place of birth: Waxhaws area of North Carolina Date of... Martin Van Buren (December 5, 1782 – July 24, 1862), nicknamed Old Kinderhook, was the eighth President of the United States. ... Order: 9th President Vice President: John Tyler Term of office: March 4, 1841 – April 4, 1841 Preceded by: Martin Van Buren Succeeded by: John Tyler Date of birth: February 9, 1773 Place of birth: Berkeley, Virginia Date of death: April 4, 1841 Place of death: Washington D.C. First Lady... John Tyler (March 29, 1790 - January 18, 1862), of Virginia, was the tenth (1841) Vice President of the United States, and the tenth (1841-1845) President of the United States. ... Order: 11th President Vice President: George M. Dallas Term of office: March 4, 1845 – March 4, 1849 Preceded by: John Tyler Succeeded by: Zachary Taylor Date of birth: November 2, 1795 Place of birth: Mecklenburg County, North Carolina Date of death: June 15, 1849 Place of death: Nashville, Tennessee First... Zachary Taylor (November 24, 1784 – July 9, 1850), also known as Old Rough and Ready, was the twelfth President of the United States, serving from 1849 to 1850. ... Millard Fillmore (January 7, 1800 – March 8, 1874) was the thirteenth (1850–1853) President of the United States and the second President to succeed to the office from the Vice Presidency on the death of the predecessor. ... Order: 14th President Vice President: William R. King Term of office: March 4, 1853 – March 4, 1857 Preceded by: Millard Fillmore Succeeded by: James Buchanan Date of birth: November 23, 1804 Place of birth: Hillsborough, New Hampshire Date of death: October 8, 1869 Place of death: Concord, New Hampshire First... For the economist of this name, see James M. Buchanan. ... Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865), sometimes called Abe Lincoln and nicknamed Honest Abe, the Rail Splitter, and the Great Emancipator, was the 16th (1861–1865) President of the United States, and the first president from the Republican Party. ... Andrew Johnson (December 29, 1808 – July 31, 1875) was the sixteenth Vice President (1865) and the seventeenth President of the United States (1865–1869), succeeding to the presidency upon the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. ... Ulysses S. Grant (April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was a Union general in the American Civil War and the 18th (1869–1877) President of the United States. ... Rutherford Birchard Hayes (October 4, 1822 – January 17, 1893) was the 19th (1877 – 1881) President of the United States. ... James Abram Garfield (November 19, 1831 – September 19, 1881) was the 20th (1881) President of the United States, the first ambidextrous President, and the second U.S. President to be assassinated. ... Order: 21st President Vice President: None Term of office: September 20, 1881 – March 3, 1885 Preceded by: James A. Garfield Succeeded by: Grover Cleveland Date of birth: October 5, 1829 Place of birth: Fairfield, Vermont Date of death: November 18, 1886 Place of death: New York City, New York First... Stephen Grover Cleveland (March 18, 1837 – June 24, 1908) was the 22nd (1885–1889) and 24th (1893–1897) President of the United States, and the only President to serve two non-consecutive terms. ... This article is about the President. ... Stephen Grover Cleveland (March 18, 1837 – June 24, 1908) was the 22nd (1885–1889) and 24th (1893–1897) President of the United States, and the only President to serve two non-consecutive terms. ... William McKinley (January 29, 1843 – September 14, 1901) was the 25th President of the United States, from 1897 until his assassination in 1901. ... Order: 26th President Vice President: Charles Warren Fairbanks Term of office: September 14, 1901 – March 3, 1909 Preceded by: William McKinley Succeeded by: William Howard Taft Date of birth: October 27, 1858 Place of birth: New York City Date of death: January 6, 1919 Place of death: Oyster Bay, New... Order: 27th President Vice President: James S. Sherman Term of office: March 4, 1909 – March 4, 1913 Preceded by: Theodore Roosevelt Succeeded by: Woodrow Wilson Date of birth: September 15, 1857 Place of birth: Cincinnati, Ohio Date of death: March 8, 1930 Place of death: Washington D.C. First Lady... Dr. Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was the 45th state Governor of New Jersey (1911-1913) and later the 28th President of the United States (1913-1921). ... Order: 29th President Vice President: Calvin Coolidge Term of office: March 4, 1921 – August 2, 1923 Preceded by: Woodrow Wilson Succeeded by: Calvin Coolidge Date of birth: November 2, 1865 Place of birth: Near Blooming Grove, Ohio Date of death: August 2, 1923 Place of death: San Francisco, California First... John Calvin Coolidge, Jr. ... Order: 31st President Vice President: Charles Curtis Term of office: March 4, 1929 – March 4, 1933 Preceded by: Calvin Coolidge Succeeded by: Franklin D. Roosevelt Date of birth: August 10, 1874 Place of birth: West Branch, Iowa Date of death: October 20, 1964 Place of death: New York City, New... Order: 32th President Vice President: John N. Garner Henry A. Wallace Harry S. Truman Term of office: March 4, 1933 – April 12, 1945 Preceded by: Herbert Hoover Succeeded by: Harry S. Truman Date of birth: January 30, 1882 Place of birth: Hyde Park, New York Date of death: April 12... For the victim of Mt. ... Order: 34th President Vice President: Richard Nixon Term of office: January 20, 1953 – January 20, 1961 Preceded by: Harry S. Truman Succeeded by: John F. Kennedy Date of birth: October 14, 1890 Place of birth: Denison, Texas Date of death: March 28, 1969 Place of death: Washington, D.C. First... Order: 35th President Vice President: Lyndon B. Johnson Term of office: January 20, 1961 – November 22, 1963 Preceded by: Dwight D. Eisenhower Succeeded by: Lyndon B. Johnson Date of birth: May 29, 1917 Place of birth: Brookline, Massachusetts Date of death: November 22, 1963 Place of death: Dallas, Texas First... Order: 36th President Vice President: Hubert H. Humphrey Term of office: November 22, 1963 – January 20, 1969 Preceded by: John F. Kennedy Succeeded by: Richard M. Nixon Date of birth: August 27, 1908 Place of birth: Gillespie County, Texas Date of death: January 22, 1973 Place of death: Johnson City... Order: 38th President Vice President: Nelson A. Rockefeller Term of office: August 9, 1974 – January 20, 1977 Preceded by: Richard Nixon Succeeded by: Jimmy Carter Date of birth: July 14, 1913 Place of birth: Omaha, Nebraska First Lady: Betty Ford Political party: Republican Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. ... Order: 39th President Vice President: Walter Mondale Term of office: January 20, 1977 – January 20, 1981 Preceded by: Gerald Ford Succeeded by: Ronald Reagan Date of birth: October 1, 1924 Place of birth: Plains, Georgia First Lady: Rosalynn Carter Political party: Democratic James Earl Jimmy Carter, Jr. ... Order: 40th President Vice President: George H.W. Bush Term of office: 21 January 1981 – 20 January 1989 Preceded by: Jimmy Carter Succeeded by: George H.W. Bush Date of birth: 6 February 1911 Place of birth: Tampico, Illinois Date of death: 5 June 2004 Place of death: Bel-Air... Order: 41st President Vice President: J. Danforth Quayle Term of office: January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993 Preceded by: Ronald Reagan Succeeded by: Bill Clinton Date of birth: June 12, 1924 Place of birth: Milton, Massachusetts First Lady: Barbara Pierce Bush Political party: Republican George Herbert Walker Bush (born June... Order: 42nd President Vice President: Al Gore Term of office: January 20, 1993 – January 20, 2001 Preceded by: George H. W. Bush Succeeded by: George W. Bush Date of birth: August 19, 1946 Place of birth: Hope, Arkansas First Lady: Hillary Rodham Clinton Political party: Democratic William Jefferson Clinton (born... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is a politician and the current (43rd) president of the United States. ...




The Vice President of the United States is the second-highest executive official of the United States government, the person who is a heartbeat from the presidency. As first in the presidential line of succession, the Vice President becomes the new President of the United States upon the death, resignation... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Order: 2nd President Vice President: Thomas Jefferson Term of office: March 4, 1797 – March 4, 1801 Preceded by: George Washington Succeeded by: Thomas Jefferson Date of birth: October 30, 1735 Place of birth: Braintree, Massachusetts Date of death: July 4, 1826 Place of death: Quincy, Massachusetts First Lady: Abigail Adams... Order: Third President Vice President: Aaron Burr; George Clinton Term of office: March 4, 1801 – March 4, 1809 Preceded by: John Adams Succeeded by: James Madison Date of birth: April 13, 1743 Place of birth: Shadwell, Virginia Date of death: July 4, 1826 Place of death: Charlottesville, Virginia First Lady... Vice President Aaron Burr Alternate meaning: Rev. ... This page is for the Vice President George Clinton. ... Elbridge Gerry (July 17, 1744–November 23, 1814) was an American politician, a member of the Democratic-Republican Party. ... Portrait of U.S. Vice President Daniel D Tompkins Daniel D[evonte?] Tompkins (June 21, 1774 – June 11, 1825) was entrepreneur, jurist, Congressman, Governor of New York, and the sixth Vice President of the United States. ... John Caldwell Calhoun (March 18, 1782 – March 31, 1850), was a prominent United States politician in the first half of the 19th century. ... Martin Van Buren (December 5, 1782 – July 24, 1862), nicknamed Old Kinderhook, was the eighth President of the United States. ... Richard Mentor Johnson (October 17, 1780 – November 19, 1850) was a Representative and a Senator from Kentucky and the ninth Vice President of the United States, serving in the administration of Martin Van Buren. ... John Tyler (March 29, 1790 - January 18, 1862), of Virginia, was the tenth (1841) Vice President of the United States, and the tenth (1841-1845) President of the United States. ... George Mifflin Dallas (July 10, 1792—December 31, 1864) was a U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania and the eleventh Vice President, serving under James K. Polk. ... Millard Fillmore (January 7, 1800 – March 8, 1874) was the thirteenth (1850–1853) President of the United States and the second President to succeed to the office from the Vice Presidency on the death of the predecessor. ... William Rufus de Vane King (April 7, 1786–April 18, 1853) was a U.S. Representative from North Carolina, a Senator from Alabama, and the thirteenth Vice President of the United States. ... John C. Breckinridge John Cabell Breckinridge (January 16, 1821–May 17, 1875) was a lawyer, U.S. Representative, Senator from Kentucky, the fourteenth Vice President of the United States, and a Confederate general in the American Civil War. ... Photographic portrait of Hannibal Hamlin Hannibal Hamlin (August 27, 1809–July 4, 1891) was an American politician from the U.S. state of Maine. ... Andrew Johnson (December 29, 1808 – July 31, 1875) was the sixteenth Vice President (1865) and the seventeenth President of the United States (1865–1869), succeeding to the presidency upon the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. ... Schuyler Colfax (March 23, 1823–January 13, 1885) was a Representative from Indiana and the 17th Vice President of the United States. ... For Henry Hughes Wilson, First World War British general, see Henry Hughes Wilson. ... William Almon Wheeler (June 30, 1819–June 4, 1887) was a Representative from New York and the nineteenth Vice President of the United States. ... Order: 21st President Vice President: None Term of office: September 20, 1881 – March 3, 1885 Preceded by: James A. Garfield Succeeded by: Grover Cleveland Date of birth: October 5, 1829 Place of birth: Fairfield, Vermont Date of death: November 18, 1886 Place of death: New York City, New York First... Thomas Andrews Hendricks (September 7, 1819–November 25, 1885) was a Representative and a Senator from Indiana and the twenty-first Vice President of the United States. ... Levi Parsons Morton. ... Adlai E. Stevenson I Adlai Ewing Stevenson I (October 23, 1835 – June 14, 1914) was a Representative from Illinois and the twenty-third Vice President of the United States. ... Garret Augustus Hobart (June 3, 1844–November 21, 1899) was the twenty-fourth Vice President of the United States. ... Order: 26th President Vice President: Charles Warren Fairbanks Term of office: September 14, 1901 – March 3, 1909 Preceded by: William McKinley Succeeded by: William Howard Taft Date of birth: October 27, 1858 Place of birth: New York City Date of death: January 6, 1919 Place of death: Oyster Bay, New... Charles Warren Fairbanks ( May 11, 1852 – June 4, 1918) was a Senator from Indiana and the twenty-sixth Vice President of the United States. ... James Schoolcraft Sherman (October 24, 1855–October 30, 1912) was a Representative from New York and the 27th Vice President of the United States. ... Thomas Riley Marshall (March 14, 1854–June 1, 1925) was an American politician who served as the twenty-eighth Vice President of the United States of America under Woodrow Wilson from 1913 to 1921. ... John Calvin Coolidge, Jr. ... Charles Gates Dawes (August 27, 1865 – April 23, 1951) was the 30th Vice President of the United States. ... Charles Curtis Charles Curtis (January 25, 1860 – February 8, 1936) was a Representative and a Senator from Kansas as well as the 31st Vice President of the United States. ... John Nance Cactus Jack Garner (November 22, 1868–November 7, 1967) was a Representative from Texas and the thirty-second Vice President of the United States. ... Henry Agard Wallace Henry Agard Wallace (October 7, 1888 – November 18, 1965) was the 33rd Vice President of the United States. ... For the victim of Mt. ... Alben W. Barkley Alben William Barkley (November 24, 1877 – April 30, 1956) was a Representative and a Senator from Kentucky and the thirty-fifth Vice President of the United States. ... Order: 36th President Vice President: Hubert H. Humphrey Term of office: November 22, 1963 – January 20, 1969 Preceded by: John F. Kennedy Succeeded by: Richard M. Nixon Date of birth: August 27, 1908 Place of birth: Gillespie County, Texas Date of death: January 22, 1973 Place of death: Johnson City... Hubert Horatio Humphrey II (May 27, 1911 – January 13, 1978) was the 38th Vice President of the United States, twice served as a United States Senator from Minnesota and was mayor of Minneapolis, Minnesota. ... Spiro Theodore Agnew, born Spiro Anagnostopoulos (November 9, 1918 – September 17, 1996), was the thirty-ninth Vice President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1973 under President Richard M. Nixon. ... Order: 38th President Vice President: Nelson A. Rockefeller Term of office: August 9, 1974 – January 20, 1977 Preceded by: Richard Nixon Succeeded by: Jimmy Carter Date of birth: July 14, 1913 Place of birth: Omaha, Nebraska First Lady: Betty Ford Political party: Republican Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. ... Nelson Rockefeller Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller (July 8, 1908 – January 26, 1979) was a Governor of New York and the 41st Vice President of the United States of America from December 19, 1974 to January 20, 1977. ... Walter Frederick Fritz Mondale (born January 5, 1928) is an American politician and member of the Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party. ... Order: 41st President Vice President: J. Danforth Quayle Term of office: January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993 Preceded by: Ronald Reagan Succeeded by: Bill Clinton Date of birth: June 12, 1924 Place of birth: Milton, Massachusetts First Lady: Barbara Pierce Bush Political party: Republican George Herbert Walker Bush (born June... James Danforth Quayle III (born February 4, 1947) was the 44th Vice President of the United States under George H. W. Bush (1989-1993). ... Albert Arnold Gore Jr. ... Richard Bruce Cheney (born January 30, 1941), widely known as Dick Cheney, is an American politician and businessman affiliated with the U.S. Republican Party. ...

Republican Party Presidential Nominees Republican Party
1856: Frémont | 1860 & 1864: Lincoln | 1868 & 1872: Grant | 1876: Hayes | 1880: Garfield | 1884: Blaine | 1888 & 1892: Harrison | 1896 & 1900: McKinley | 1904: T. Roosevelt | 1908 & 1912: Taft | 1916: Hughes | 1920: Harding | 1924: Coolidge | 1928 & 1932: Hoover | 1936: Landon | 1940: Willkie | 1944 & 1948: Dewey | 1952 & 1956: Eisenhower | 1960: Nixon | 1964: Goldwater | 1968 & 1972: Nixon | 1976: Ford | 1980 & 1984: Reagan | 1988 & 1992: G.H.W. Bush | 1996: Dole | 2000 & 2004: G.W. Bush

  Results from FactBites:
 
Richard Nixon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5975 words)
Nixon was elected to the United States Senate in 1950, defeating actress turned congresswoman Helen Gahagan Douglas, whom Nixon accused during the campaign of having communist sympathies, calling her the "Pink Lady." In the campaign the Independent Review newspaper tagged Nixon with a nickname he would never shake: "Tricky Dick".
Nixon was notable among Vice Presidents in having actually stepped up to run the government three times when Eisenhower was ill: on the occasions of Eisenhower's heart attack on September 24, 1955; his ileitis in June 1956; and his stroke in November 1957.
Nixon likewise was instructed by CBS television producers to wear a grey suit that blended into the backdrop, whereas Kennedy was told by the same producer to wear a fl suit which would stand out when fl and white television was the standard.
President Nixon - definition of President Nixon in Encyclopedia (3133 words)
Nixon was elected to the United States Senate in 1950, defeating actress turned congresswoman Helen Gahagan Douglas, whom Nixon accused during the campaign of having communist sympathies.
Nixon's administration secretly began a massive bombing campaign in Cambodia in March, 1969 (code-named Menu) to destroy what were believed to be the headquarters and large numbers of soldiers of the National Front for the Liberation of Vietnam.
Nixon died on April 22, 1994 in New York City at the age of 81, from complications related to a severe stroke, and was buried beside his wife Pat Nixon on the grounds of the Richard Nixon Library & Birthplace in Yorba Linda, California.
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