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Encyclopedia > Prescott, Arizona
Prescott, Arizona
Location in Yavapai County and the state of Arizona
Country United States
State Arizona
Counties Yavapai
Government
 - Mayor Rowle Simmons
Area
 - City  37.3 sq mi (96.6 km²)
Elevation  5,368 ft (1,636 m)
Population (2006)
 - City 41,528
Time zone MST (UTC-7)

Prescott (pronounced by some locals as "press-kit" instead of "press-cot") is a city in Yavapai County, Arizona, USA. According to 2005 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 40,360.[1] The city is the county seat of Yavapai CountyGR6, and in 1863 this then remote and lightly populated town was designated as the original capital of the Arizona Territory in order to keep the seat of government far from Confederate sympathizers prevalent in the southern part of the state. The Territorial Capital was moved to Tucson in 1867. Prescott again became the Territorial Capital in 1877, until the capital was changed to Phoenix in 1889. Image File history File links Yavapai_County_incorporated_areas_Prescott_highlighted. ... Yavapai County is located in the center of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states, which are... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... List of the 15 counties in the U.S. state of Arizona: Arizona county map Apache County formed in 1879 from part of Yavapai County. ... Yavapai County is located in the center of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... MST is UTC-7 The Mountain Standard Time Zone (MST) is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting seven hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), resulting in UTC-7. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Yavapai County is located in the center of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem (none official) God Save the South (unofficial) The Bonnie Blue Flag (unofficial) Dixie (unofficial) Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia (May 29, 1861–April 2, 1865) Danville, Virginia (from April 3, 1865) Language(s) English (de facto) Religion... Nickname: Location in Pima County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Pima Government  - Mayor Bob Walkup (R) Area  - City  195. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ...


The towns of Prescott Valley (7 miles east) and Chino Valley (16 miles north), and Prescott, together make up the area known locally as the "Tri-City". The Yavapai-Prescott Indian Tribe reservation is located next to, and partially within, the borders of Prescott. These four government entities sometimes work together on projects of mutual interest; at other times, however, they come into conflict. An example is the ongoing fight over Prescott buying the water rights of Chino Valley's rich Verde River watershed. The area is growing rapidly, and lately (2005) one begins to hear the term "Quad-City" for the area. The villages of Dewey and Humboldt voted to incorporate as a town, known as Dewey-Humboldt. This area is getting a lot of moderate and upper-level housing developments, because it is close to Prescott and has land area. The weather conditions are favorable owing to the altitude of 5354 ft, being significantly cooler than the lower southern areas of the state and yet without the harsh winters found at higher altitudes. Prescott Valley is a town located in Yavapai County, Arizona. ... Chino Valley is a town located in Yavapai County, Arizona. ... The Yavapai-Prescott Tribe is located on a reservation of 1395 acres (5. ... The Verde River is a tributary of the Salt River, approximately 170 mi (273. ...

Prescott Gurley Street in 1940s
Prescott by night

Contents

Image File history File links Prescott_Gurley_Street_in_1918. ... Image File history File links Prescott_Gurley_Street_in_1918. ... Image File history File links Prescott_by_night1. ... Image File history File links Prescott_by_night1. ...

History

Prescott began as a mining town with the discovery of gold on nearby Lynx Creek in 1863. During the nineteenth century, Prescott experienced far fewer anti-Mexican and anti-Chinese sentiments than other communities. In fact, when the mining district enacted its laws in 1863 the officers specifically mentioned that "Senorians" and "Asiatics" meaning Mexicans and Chinese, were free to mine and work in the region. In 1863 Arizona became a territory and Prescott was the Territorial Capital between then and 1867, and again from 1877 until 1889. The Sharlot Hall Museum houses much of Prescott's territorial history, and the Smoki and Phippen museums also maintain local collections. Whiskey Row in Downtown boasts many historic buildings, including the Palace, Arizona's oldest restaurant and bar, and many other buildings that have been converted to boutiques, art galleries, bookstores, and restaurants. The City is named after author William H. Prescott, whose writings were popular during the Civil War. Chuquicamata, the second largest open pit copper mine in the world, Chile. ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... Toms Restaurant, a restaurant in New York made familiar by Suzanne Vega and the television sitcom Seinfeld A restaurant is an establishment that serves prepared food and beverages to order, to be consumed on the premises. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Look up boutique in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. ... A bookstore. ... William Hickling Prescott (May 4, 1796 - January 29, 1859) was a historian. ...


After major fires in the early part of the century, downtown Prescott was rebuilt with brick. The central courthouse plaza, a lawn under huge old elm trees, is a good gathering and meeting place. Cultural events and performances take place on many nights in the summer on the plaza. For other uses, see Fire (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Brick (disambiguation). ... In most counties in the United States the local trial courts conduct their business in a centrally located courthouse which may also house the offices of the county treasurer, clerk and recorder and assessor. ... Plaza is a Spanish word related to field which describes an open urban public space, such as a city square. ... Species See Elm species, varieties, cultivars and hybrids Elms are deciduous and semi-deciduous trees making up the genus Ulmus, family Ulmaceae, found throughout the Northern Hemisphere from Siberia to Indonesia, Mexico to Japan. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... For other uses, see Culture (disambiguation). ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...


Culture

Prescott features the famous old Western Whiskey Row and many Victorian homes. It has been remarked to be the most Midwestern-appearing city in the Southwest, and it has 525 buildings on the National Register of Historic Places. The Midwest is a common name for a region of the United States of America. ... The Southwest region of the United States is drier than the adjoining Midwest in weather; the population is less dense and, with strong Spanish-American and Native American components, more ethnically varied than neighboring areas. ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ...


Prescott is home to the historical area known as "Whiskey Row", up until 1956 a notorious red-light district. There was a great fire in 1900 that destroyed most of the buildings on Whiskey Row. As legend has it, the patrons of the various bars simply took their drinks across the street to the Courthouse square and watched it burn. At the time of the fire the entire bar and back-bar of the Palace Hotel was removed by the patrons as the fire approached, and re-installed after the gutted brick structure was rebuilt. (The size of the back-bar is impressive, and appears not easily moved, even by many hands.) Whiskey Row runs north and south on N. Montezuma between Gurley and E. Goodwin St., directly west of the county courthouse. The row has been the home of the St. Michael's Hotel and the Palace Hotel since the late 1800s along with more colorful purveyors of night-life. This block was also the site of merchant Sam Hill's hardware store, famous for its extensive stock in its downtown location and out of town warehouse.[2] The De Wallen red-light district in Amsterdam A red-light district is a neighborhoooood where prostitution and other businesses in the sex industry flourish. ...


The movies Junior Bonner and Billy Jack were filmed in Prescott at the Palace Hotel. A 1994 remake of The Getaway was partially filmed in Prescott at locations such as Watson Lake and many of the downtown area streets. Junior Bonner is a male melodrama and contemporary western movie, focusing on the relationships between two brothers and their father. ... Billy Jack is the second, and highest grossing, in a series of motion pictures centering on a fictional character of the same name, played by Tom Laughlin. ... The Getaway is a 1994 remake of the 1972 classic. ...


Prescott hosts annual events such as Frontier Days, The World's Oldest Rodeo, the Bluegrass Festival, Earth Day, Tsunami on the Square, art festivals, a Cinco de Mayo celebration, Shakespeare Festival, Navajo Rug Auction, World’s Largest Gingerbread Village, Prescott Film Fest, Folk Arts Fair, parades, the Acker Music Festival, The Cowboy Poets Gathering, the Prescott Highland Games and several marathons. Also located in Prescott is the Heritage Park Zoo. It has been suggested that History of rodeo be merged into this article or section. ... Bluegrass music is a form of American roots music which has its own roots in Irish, Scottish and English traditional music. ... Earth Day Flag. ... A typical Cinco de Mayo Baile folklórico celebration in Gardena, California. ... Shakespeare redirects here. ... Map of the Navajo Nation The Navajo Nation (Dineé in Navajo language) is a Native American sovereignty. ... Look up Rug in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Gingerbread cookies Lebkuchen Gingerbread in cake form A gingerbread house Traditional Polish gingerbread Gingerbread is a sweet that can take the form of a cake or a cookie in which the predominant flavor is ginger. ... “Moving picture” redirects here. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... United States Marines on parade. ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Cowboy (disambiguation). ... The poor poet A poet is a person who writes poetry. ... Modern day marathon runners The word marathon refers to a long-distance road running event of 42. ... Heritage Park Zoo, also known as Prescott Animal Park Association (PAPA), is a non-profit rescue and rehabilitation facility in Prescott, Arizona, USA. History Founded in 1988 by Trisha Williams and Bob Matthews (both of Prescott, Arizona), the Heritage Park Zoo started out with just two animals: a Bengal tiger...


Geography

Thumb Butte over downtown Prescott.

Prescott is located at 34°34′6″N, 112°27′41″W (34.568210, -112.461482)GR1. Prescott is 55 mi WNW of the State of Arizona's geographic center. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 591 pixelsFull resolution (1360 × 1004 pixel, file size: 369 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 591 pixelsFull resolution (1360 × 1004 pixel, file size: 369 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 96.6 km² (37.3 mi²). 96.0 km² (37.1 mi²) of it is land and 0.6 km² (0.2 mi²) of it (0.64%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Prescott is considered part of North Central Arizona. North Central Arizona is a geographical region of Arizona. ...


Climate

Prescott is located in the Bradshaw Mountains of central Arizona, at an altitude of 5400 feet. The town has a four-season climate with relatively mild winters. Average annual precipitation is 19.32 inches; average snowfall is 25.4 inches. There has been a severe drought from 1999 to present (2007); precipitation has dropped dramatically. Some evidence of this is the lack of snowpack in the Bradshaw mountains. Local creeks do not contain water except immediately after the rare rains. Nevertheless, at the start of 2007, lakes were reported as full. The winter of 2005-2006 had less than 3" of snow, compared to an average snowfall of 24".[3] First known to European explorers as the Silver Mountain Range, and to the Yavapai people as We-ka-nya-cha rough, black range of rocks,[1] the Bradshaw Mountains are a mountain range in the Sonoran Desert of central Arizona, USA, later named for brothers Isaac and William Bradshaw. ...


Education

Prescott is the home of Prescott College, the western campus of Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University and Yavapai Community College. Northern Arizona University and Old Dominion University also have speciality campuses here as well as the online university, Northcentral University. Prescott College is an environmentally-oriented private liberal arts college in Prescott, Arizona that offers residential and limited-residency programs for BA, MA and Phd degrees. ... Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University (ERAU) is a not-for-profit, non-sectarian, coeducational private university with a history dating back to the early days of aviation. ... Yavapai College is a community college located in Prescott, Arizona. ... Northern Arizona University (NAU) is a public university in Flagstaff, Arizona in the United States. ... Old Dominion University (ODU) is a public research university located in Norfolk, Virginia, U.S. It was established in 1930 as the Norfolk Division of the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia. ...


Demographics

City of Prescott
Population by year[4]
1870 668
1880 1,836
1890 1,759
1900 3,559
1910 5,092
1920 5,010
1930 5,517
1940 6,018
1950 6,764
1960 12,861
1970 13,631
1980 19,865
1990 26,455
2000 33,938
2006 41,528

As of the census GR2 of 2000, there were 33,938 people, 15,098 households, and 8,968 families residing in the city. The population density was 353.5/km² (915.6/mi²). There were 17,144 housing units at an average density of 178.6/km² (462.5/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.93% White, 0.50% Black or African American, 1.27% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 2.77% from other races, and 1.63% from two or more races. 8.17% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


There were 15,098 households out of which 18.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.6% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.62. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 15.9% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 18.9% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 26.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females there were 96.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $35,446, and the median income for a family was $46,481. Males had a median income of $31,834 versus $22,982 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,565. About 7.4% of families and 13.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.4% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


The city also boasts a municipal airport, Ernest A. Love Field, located seven miles north of the downtown courthouse. Ernest A. Love Field (IATA: PRC, ICAO: KPRC) is a public airport located north of Prescott, Arizona. ...


See also

  • List of people from Prescott, Arizona

The people below were all born in, resident of, or otherwise closely associated with the city of Prescott, Arizona. ...

Notes and references

  1. ^ Annual Estimates of the Population for All Incorporated Places in Arizona (CSV). 2005 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division (June 21, 2006). Retrieved on November 14, 2006.
  2. ^ A volunteer docent statement from the free official downtown Prescott guided historical and architectural tour claims that this is the origin of the phrase, "Where in the Sam Hill did you get that?". This may not be accurate since "Sam Hill" is also a euphemistic reference to Hell predating Prescott, being a polite way of saying "Where in the Hell did you get that?". However, there was indeed a Sam Hill Hardware store, attested to by the bronze letters embedded in the concrete sidewalk spelling out "SAM HILL" inset in the sidewalk at each boundary of the property.
  3. ^ http://www.wrh.noaa.gov/wrh/techMemos/TM-274.pdf
  4. ^ Gibson, Campbell. "Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990." United States Census Bureau. June, 1998. Retrieved on October 7, 2006.

The comma-separated values (or CSV; also known as a comma-separated list or comma-separated variables) file format is a file type that stores tabular data. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sam Hill is an American English slang phrase, a euphemism for Hell, or Damn (as in, What in Sam Hill is that?). Its usage dates back to at least 1839. ... Euphemism is the substitution of an agreeable or inoffensive expression for one that may offend or suggest something unpleasant to the listener; or in the case of doublespeak, to make it less troublesome for the speaker. ... For other uses, see Hell (disambiguation). ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Maps and aerial photos for 34°34′06″N 112°27′41″W / 34.56821, -112.461482Coordinates: 34°34′06″N 112°27′41″W / 34.56821, -112.461482

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