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Encyclopedia > Presbyterian Church in Ireland
Modern logo of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland
Modern logo of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland

The Presbyterian Church in Ireland (or PCI) has a membership of 300,000 people in 650 congregations across both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, though the bulk of the membership is in Northern Ireland. It is the second largest church in Northern Ireland, the first being the Roman Catholic Church[1]. All the congregations of the church are represented up to the General Assembly (the church's government). Image File history File links Presbyterian_church_in_ireland_logo. ... Presbyterianism is a form of Protestant Christianity, primarily in the Reformed branch of Christendom, as well as a particular form of church government. ... A church building (or simply church) is a building used in Christian worship. ... A congregation is the group of members who make up a local Christian church or Jewish synagogue (or those who are present at a service thereat), as opposed to the building itself. ... Dieu et mon droit (motto) (French for God and my right)2 Northern Irelands location within the UK Main language English Other recognised languages Irish, Ulster Scots Capital and largest city Belfast First Minister Office suspended Secretary of State for Northern Ireland Peter Hain MP Area  - Total Ranked 4th... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Catholicism. ... The term general assembly can refer to The largest unit of organisation in the polity of a (national) Presbyterian church, containing several synods or presbyteries. ...

Contents


History

Presbyterianism in Ireland dates from the time of the Plantation of Ulster in 1610. During the reign of James I a large number of Scottish Presbysterians emigrated to Ireland. The first move away from the Church of Scotland, of which the Presbyterians in Ireland were part, saw the creation of the Presbytery of Ulster in 1642. This later merged with the Secession Church in 1840. In 1854 the Synod of Munster merged into the church. Å“The Plantation of Ulster was a planned process of colonisation which took place in the northern Irish province of Ulster during the early 17th century in the reign of James I of England. ... See James VI of Scotland and I of England James I of Scotland James I of Aragon James I of Sicily James I of Cyprus This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within Europe Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... The Church of Scotland (CofS, known informally as The Kirk) is the national church of Scotland. ...


PCI Today

The current moderator is the Reverend Dr David Clarke. The Moderator of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland is an elected representative of the church. ...


The Presbyterian Church in Ireland, a founding member of the World Alliance of Reformed Churches, has over 560 congregations in 21 presbyteries across Ireland. The PCI is involved in Education, Evangelism, Social Service and mission in a number of areas around the world; The World Alliance of Reformed Churches (WARC) is a fellowship of more than 200 churches with roots in the 16th-century Reformation. ... A congregation is the group of members who make up a local Christian church or Jewish synagogue (or those who are present at a service thereat), as opposed to the building itself. ... A presbytery can be the residence of one or more presbyters, priests, or religious elders; an area of a church or cathedral reserved for priests; the collective college of priests in a diocese, archdiocese, or prelature; the local unit in the polity of a Presbyterian church, consisting of presbyters (i. ...

The headquarters of the church are at Church House in Belfast, but will be relocating very soon to a new development in May Street in the city soon. A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Africa is the worlds second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 54. ...


Logo and Motto

The motto of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland is "Ardens sed Virens" - "burning but flourishing". It is usually seen alongside the Burning Bush, the churches symbol. A Burning Bush was included in the more modern logo (top). Image File history File links Pci_burningbush. ...

Main article : Burning Bush

According to the Bible, in Exodus 3:2, Moses heard the voice of God coming from a Burning bush that was not consumed by fire. This occurred after he had to flee Egypt, and was when he was called to go and demand the release of the Israelites. Burning bush at St. ... The Gutenberg Bible owned by the United States Library of Congress The Bible (Hebrew: תנ״ך tanakh, Greek: η Βίβλος hē biblos) (sometimes The Holy Bible, The Book, Work of God, The Word, The Good Book or Scripture), from Greek (τα) βίβλια, (ta) biblia, (the) books, is the name used by Jews and Christians for their... Exodus is the second book of the Torah (the Pentateuch) and also the Tanakh (the Hebrew Bible), and the Christian Old Testament. ... Moses or Móshe (מֹשֶׁה, Standard Hebrew, Tiberian Hebrew Mōšeh, Arabic موسى Mūsa, Geez ሙሴ Musse) is a legendary Hebrew liberator, leader, lawgiver, prophet, and historian. ... Michelangelos depiction of God in the painting Creation of the Sun and Moon in the Sistine Chapel Krishna, the eighth incarnation of Vishnu, one of the manifestations of the ultimate reality or God in Hinduism This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... A large bonfire. ... An Israelite is a member of the Twelve Tribes of Israel, descended from the twelve sons of the Biblical patriarch Jacob who was renamed Israel by God in the book of Genesis, 32:28 The Israelites were a group of Hebrews, as described in the Bible. ...


Church & Worship

Image:Presbyterianchurchfront.PNG Image File history File links Typical layout of the front of a Presbyterian Church featuring typical furniture. ...


Apart from the seats for worshippers (not shown above), the inside of the church is dominated by four items of furniture.

  • The Pulpit is the place from which the sermon is delivered and it reflects the important place given to teaching the Word of God in the church's life
  • The Bible Stand holds the bible in a prominent place in the church. The bible is the source of all authority in the life of the church.
  • The Communion Table occupies the central place in the church. The associated chairs are occupied by the minister and elders during the service of Holy Communion.
  • The Baptismal Font is used during baptisms, which is the rite of entry into church membership. Children are regarded as sharing the promise of salvation with adults in the church and have as much right to be baptised as adults.

Service

The Word of God is central in the Presbyterian Church, along with Prayer and Praise. The worship is a mix of Prayers, Hymns, Psalms, Paraphrases, Scripture Readings and Sermons. In Recent years Psalms and Paraphrases have been used less but are still an Important part of worship. The Gutenberg Bible owned by the United States Library of Congress The Bible (Hebrew: תנ״ך tanakh, Greek: η Βίβλος hē biblos) (sometimes The Holy Bible, The Book, Work of God, The Word, The Good Book or Scripture), from Greek (τα) βίβλια, (ta) biblia, (the) books, is the name used by Jews and Christians for their... Prayer is an effort to communicate with a God, or to some deity or deities, either to offer praise to the deity, to make a request of the deity, or simply to express ones thoughts and emotions to the deity. ... See also hymn - a program to decrypt iTunes music files. ... Psalms (Tehilim תהילים, in Hebrew) is a book of the Hebrew Bible or Tanakh. ... Many religions and spiritual movements hold certain written texts (or series of spoken legends not traditionally written down) to be sacred. ... A sermon is an oration by a prophet or member of the clergy. ...


Irish Presbyterians

  • Rev JB Armour, anti-Carsonite Presbyterian Minister who supported Home Rule
  • Rev James Alexander Hamilton Irwin, Presbyterian Home Ruler who converted to the republican cause post-1916. Appointed to the Fianna Fáil led government’s Commission on Vocational Organisation from 1939-43 and later joined the party and served on the Fianna Fáil Ard Chomhairle from 1945 until his death. Offered the opportunity to stand for the Presidency of the Irish Free State but declined to do so.
  • Dr Henry Cooke, 19th century Presbyterian leader.
  • Professor J Ernest Davey, theologian and historian, acquitted of heresy charges in 1927, elected Moderator 1951.
  • Dr Ray Davey, founder of the Corrymeela Community.
  • Dr John Dunlop, CBE, former Moderator (1992), a leading participant in Northern Ireland's civic life.
  • George Gilmore, active in the IRA during the war of independence and took the anti-Treaty side in the civil war. In 1934, along with fellow republican socialist, Frank Ryan and Peadar O'Donnell, he established the Republican Congress Movement, an organisation dedicated to the creation of a workers' republic.
  • Dr Ruth Patterson, the first woman to be ordained to the ministry of the Irish Presbyterian Church.
  • David Trimble, Ulster Unionist Politician
  • Stephen Rea, actor
  • Jim White, Donegal Times Person of the Year (2001), runs the White Hotel Group, former Fine Gael TD.
  • Seymour Crawford, Irish Politician, Fine Gael TD for the Cavan-Monaghan Dáil constituency.
  • Stanley Laing, Irish Politician, member of Fine Gael, Councillor (South Dublin County Council).
  • John McDonald, Irish Politician, member of Fine Gael, Councillor (Belturbet Town Council)
  • Mabel Fitzgerald, mother to Garret Fitzgerald, 7th Taoiseach of Ireland. Worked as a secretary to George Bernard Shaw, and as a militant nationalist participated in the failed 1916 Easter Rising against British rule
  • Dr Trevor Morrow, Presbyterian Minister who contributed to the mini-revival of Presbyterianism in the Irish Republic. His parish in Lucan, Co. Dublin has been a success story, having increased from 30 to 300 families since the 1980s.
  • Dorothy Macardle, author
  • Henry Joy McCracken, led the United Irishmen in the unsuccessful battle of Antrim
  • Mary Ann McCracken, one of Belfast's most progressive social reformers, a feminist and champion of the poor.
  • William Drennan, medical pioneer, obstetrician, poet, patriot, philanthropist and radical founder of the United Irishmen
  • William McDowell, editor of the Belfast Morning News, a predecessor of the Irish News, in the 19th century before moving to Dublin to work on The Freeman's Journal. Great grandfather of Michael McDowell, the Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform in the Irish Republic
  • Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry. Government minister; diplomat. 1769-1822.

The Corrymeela Community in Ballycastle on the north coast of Northern Ireland is a Christian peace-building centre where young people and others from a divided society can meet and get to know each other as a first step to healing divisions. ... Reverend Dr John Dunlop, CBE is one of the most significant figures within Irish Presbyterianism in the latter half of the 20th century. ... Moderator can refer to one of the following: neutron moderator moderator (communications) - Message Board Moderator The chairperson of a church court in Presbyterian churches (see Moderator of the General Assembly). ... George Gilmore (1898 - 1985), Irish Republican Army leader. ... Frank Ryan is the name of: Frank Ryan (Irish republican) (1902 - 1944) Frank Ryan (football player) (born 1936) Frank Dunie Ryan (Organized Criminal) (1942-1984) This is a disambiguation page — a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Peadar ODonnell was an Irish Republican and socialist activist and writer. ... The Republican Congress was an Irish Republican political organisation founded in 1934, when left wing republicans left the Irish Republican Army. ... Ruth Patterson, OBE, was the first woman to be ordained to the ministry of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland. ... David Trimble The Right Honourable William David Trimble, Baron Trimble of Lisnagarvey PC MLA (born on October 15, 1944) is a Northern Irish politician, who served as leader of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) and the first First Minister of Northern Ireland. ... Stephen Rea Stephen Rea (born October 31, 1946) is an Irish actor. ... (James) Jim White (born 2nd January 1938) is an Irish businessman and hotelier, and a former Fine Gael Teachtaí Dála (TD) for constituencies in County Donegal. ... Fine Gael (IPA , though often mispronounced (approximate English translation: Family of the Irish) is the second largest political party in Ireland. ... A Teachta Dála (Irish for Dáil Deputy, pronounced chock-ta dawla) is a member of Dáil Éireann, the lower chamber of the Irish Oireachtas or National Parliament. ... Seymour Crawford (born 1944 in Monaghan) is an Irish Fine Gael party politician who is currently TD for Cavan-Monaghan. ... Fine Gael (IPA , though often mispronounced (approximate English translation: Family of the Irish) is the second largest political party in Ireland. ... A Teachta Dála (Irish for Dáil Deputy, pronounced chock-ta dawla) is a member of Dáil Éireann, the lower chamber of the Irish Oireachtas or National Parliament. ... Cavan-Monaghan is a constituency used in elections to Dáil Éireann, the lower house of parliament in the Republic of Ireland. ... Fine Gael (IPA , though often mispronounced (approximate English translation: Family of the Irish) is the second largest political party in Ireland. ... A Creative Interpretation Of John McDonald Below is a brief Biography Created by Henry Ma, A Close Friend Of John McDonald: One of Johns most notable achievements would be getting into the International Baccalaureate program at Father Lacombe High School. ... Fine Gael (IPA , though often mispronounced (approximate English translation: Family of the Irish) is the second largest political party in Ireland. ... Dr. Garret FitzGerald (Irish name: Gearóid MacGearailt) (born February 9, 1926) was the seventh Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland, serving two terms in office; July 1981 to February 1982, and December 1982 to March 1987. ... The Taoiseach (plural: Taoisigh) or, more formally, An Taoiseach, is the head of government of the Republic of Ireland and the leader of the Irish cabinet. ... (George) Bernard Shaw (July 26, 1856 – November 2, 1950) was an Irish playwright and winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1925. ... Easter Proclamation, read by Pádraig Pearse outside the GPO at the start of the Easter Rising, 1916. ... Dorothy Macardle (1899 — 1958) was an Irish author and historian. ... Henry Joy McCracken Henry Joy McCracken (31 August 1767 – 17 July 1798) was a cotton manafacturer and industrialist, Presbyterian, radical Irish republican, and a founding member, along with Theobald Wolfe Tone, James Napper Tandy, and Robert Emmet, of the Society of the United Irishmen. ... The Society of the United Irishmen was a political organisation in eighteenth century Ireland that sought independence from Great Britain. ... William Drennan (1754-1820), A physician, poet, educationalist and political radical, was one of the chief architects of the Society of United Irishmen. ... The Irish News is the only quality newspaper published in Northern Ireland. ... Michael McDowell (born May, 1951) is a senior Irish Progressive Democrats politician. ... Lord Castlereagh Foreign Secretary 1812–1822 Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry, KG, GCH, PC (18 June 1769 – 12 August 1822), known until 1821 by his courtesy title of Viscount Castlereagh, was an Anglo-Irish politician born in Dublin who represented the United Kingdom at the Congress of Vienna. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ Confusion can arise from the fact that overall, the majority of the people of Northern Ireland are members of the various Protestant churches such as the Presbyterian Church, Church of Ireland, Methodist Church and several others. Therefore the Roman Catholic Church is smaller than the combined Protestant denominations in Northern Ireland.

Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... The Church of Ireland is an autonomous province of the Anglican Communion, operating seamlessly across the border between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. ... The United Methodist Church is the largest Methodist denomination, and the second-largest Protestant one, in the United States. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Catholicism. ...

See also

Presbyterianism is a form of Protestant Christianity, primarily in the Reformed branch of Christendom, as well as a particular form of church government. ... Union Theological College is a theological college in Northern Ireland which offers courses for Presbyterians. ... St Pauls Cathedral The United Kingdom is a traditionally Christian state, with two of the four home nations having official faiths: Anglicanism, in the form of the Church of England, is the established church in England. ... The Moderator of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland is an elected representative of the church. ...

Other Presbyterian Churches in Ireland

The Free Presbyterian Church is a Presbyterian denomination founded and moderated by the cleric and politician, Ian Paisley¹. Most of its membership live in Ulster. ... The Non-subscribers derive their name and their liberal and tolerant identity from early eighteenth century Presbyterian ministers refusing to subscribe, or sign, the Westminster Confession, a standard Reformed statement of faith, at their ordination, forming in 1725 their Presbytery of Antrim. ... Reformed Presbyterian congregations exist all over the world, in a number of different countries, namely Northern Ireland, Republic of Ireland, Scotland, France, United States of America, Canada, Japan, Hungary and Australia. ...

External links

  • Presbyterian Church in Ireland - Church Website
  • The Presbyterian Herald Online - Church Newspaper
  • pciYOUTH - Youth Website of the PCI

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