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Encyclopedia > Premier of the Republic of China
Politics - Politics portal

Republic of China (Taiwan)
Politics is the process by which decisions are made within groups. ... The Republic of China (Traditional Chinese: 中華民國; Simplified Chinese: 中华民国; Wade-Giles: Chung-hua Min-kuo, Tongyong Pinyin: JhongHuá MínGuó, Hanyu Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó) is a state that currently administers the island groups of Taiwan, the Pescadores, Quemoy, and the Matsu. ...


Flag of Republic of China (Taiwan)
This article is part of the series:
Politics of
the Republic of China
Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... The Republic of China (ROC) currently has jurisdiction over Taiwan, Kinmen, Matsu, and the Pescadores Islands (Penghu) and several smaller islands. ...

Fundamentals:

Constitution - National Assembly
Three Principles of the People The National Assembly (Chinese: 國民大會, pinyin: Gúomín Dàhùi) was the constitutional convention (and formerly an electoral college) of the Republic of China on Taiwan. ... The Three Principles of the People (Traditional Chinese: 三民主義 ; Pinyin: Sān Mín ZhÇ”yì ; Wade-Giles: San-min Chu-i), also translated as Three Peoples Principles, or collectively Sanmin Doctrine, is a political philosophy developed by Sun Yat-sen as part of a program to make China a...


Executives:
President: Chen Shui-bian
Premier: Frank Hsieh The Office of the President of the Republic of China is located in Zhongzheng District, Taipei City. ... Chen Shui-bian, President of the Republic of China Chen Shui-bian (ch. ... Frank Chang-ting Hsieh (Chinese: 謝長廷; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hsieh Chang Ting; Pe̍h-oē-jī: Siā Tiông-têng or Chiā Tiông-têng) (born May 18, 1946), a politician of the Democratic Progressive Party, was the mayor of Kaohsiung City until his appointment as...


Branches:
Executive - Legislative - Judicial
Control - Examination
The Legislative Yuan building in Zhongzheng District, Taipei City (the view is blocked by the childrens hospital building of the National Taiwan University Hospital). ... The Judicial Yuan (司法院) is one of five branches of the Republic of China government in Taipei and serves as the highest judicial organ in Taiwan. ... The Control Yuan building The Control Yuan main entrance The Control Yuan (監察院; pinyin: Jiānchá Yùan), one of five branches of the Republic of China government in Taipei, is a watchdog agency that monitors (controls) the government. ... The Examination Yuan (考試院) is one of five government branches of the Republic of China and is in charge of validating the qualification of civil servants. ...


Parties:
Political parties - Elections Political parties in Taiwan lists political parties in Taiwan (Republic of China). ... Elections in Taiwan gives information on election and election results in the Republic of China (Taiwan). ...


Status:
Political status - Legal status
Independence - Reunification
Taiwan Strait Area The political status of Taiwan is a controversy over whether Taiwan, including the Pescadores (Penghu), should remain the effective territory of the Republic of China (ROC), become unified with the territories now governed by the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), or become the Republic of Taiwan. ... The legal question of which legal entity holds de jure sovereignty over Taiwan is a controversial issue. ... Chinese reunification is a goal of Chinese nationalism which is the unification of all of China under a single political entity. ...


Relations:
PRC relations - ROC relations
Cross-Strait - 1 China - 2 systems The foreign relations of the Peoples Republic of China draws upon traditions extending back to China in the Qing dynasty and the Opium Wars, despite China having undergone some radicial upheavals over the past two centuries. ... The Republic of China, now on Taiwan is currently recognised only by 25 countries. ... Taiwan Strait Cross-Strait Relations, or Relations across the Taiwan Strait, deals with the complex relationship and interactions between the Mainland China (which sits on the west of Taiwan_Strait) and Taiwan (which is located in the east of the Strait). ... One country, two systems (Simplified Chinese: 一国两制; Traditional Chinese: 一國兩制; pinyin: yì; guó liǎng zhì; Jyutping: jat1 gwok3 loeng5 zai3; Yale: yāt gwok leúhng jai), is an idea originally proposed by Deng Xiaoping, then Paramount Leader of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), for the unification of China. ...

The President of the Executive Yuan (行政院長), colloquially referred to as the Premier (閣揆), is the head of the Executive Yuan, the executive branch of the Republic of China, which currently administers Taiwan. The premier is appointed by the President of the Republic of China. The Executive Yuan (行政院; literally executive court) is the executive branch of the government of the Republic of China. ... Under the doctrine of the separation of powers, the executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law. ... National motto: None Official language Mandarin Chinese Capital and largest city Taipei President Chen Shui-bian Vice President Annette Lu Premier Frank Hsieh Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 138th 35,980 km² 2. ... The Office of the President of the Republic of China is located in Zhongzheng District, Taipei City. ...


Powers and responsibilities

The premier presides over the Executive Yuan Council, which makes up the official cabinet. The vice premier, ministers, and chairpersons of the Executive Yuan are appointed by the president on the recommendation of the premier. The premier's official duties also include presenting administrative policies and reports to the Legislative Yuan, responding to the interpellations of legislators (much like Question Time in some parliamentary systems), and, with the approval of the president, asking the Legislative Yuan to reconsider its resolutions. Laws and decrees promulgated by the President of the Republic must also be countersigned by the premier. The Executive Yuan (行政院; literally executive court) is the executive branch of the government of the Republic of China. ... The Legislative Yuan building in Zhongzheng District, Taipei City (the view is blocked by the childrens hospital building of the National Taiwan University Hospital). ... Question Time is a section of proceedings in the Parliaments of the United Kingdom and many of its former colonies (such as Australia, New Zealand and Canada, where it is called Question Period). ...


In the event of vacancies in both the presidency and the vice presidency, the premier serves as Acting President of the Republic for up to three months.


One-third of the Legislative Yuan may initiate a no-confidence vote against the premier. If approved with simple majority, the premier must resign from office within ten days and at the same time may request that the President dissolve the Legislative Yuan. If the motion fails, another no-confidence motion against the same premier cannot be initiated for one year. This power has never been used. In practice, the President has enough legitimacy and executive authority to govern in the face of a legislature controlled by the opposition, and would likely respond to a vote of no-confidence by nominating another person with similar views.


Premier as head of government

The Constitution of the Republic of China did not originally define strictly the relation between the premier and the president of the Republic and it was not clear whether the government would lean towards a presidential system or parliamentary system when divided. Power shifted to Premier Chiang Ching-kuo after President Chiang Kai-shek's death but shifted to the presidency again when Chiang Ching-kuo became president. After President Lee Teng-hui succeeded Chiang as president in 1988, the power struggle within the KMT extended to the constitutional debate over the relationship between the president and the premier. The first three premiers under Lee, Yu Kuo-hwa, Lee Huan, and Hau Pei-tsun were mainlanders who had initially opposed Lee's ascension to power. The appointment of Lee and Hau were compromises by President Lee to placate the conservative mainlander faction in the party. The subsequent appointment of the first native Taiwanese premier Lien Chan was taken as a sign of Lee's consolidation of power. Moreover, during this time, the power of the premier to approve the president's appointments and the power of the Legislative Yuan to confirm the president's choice of premier was removed (out of fears that the Democratic Progressive Party would one day gain control of the legislature), clearly establishing the president as the more powerful position of the two. The Constitution of the Republic of China (traditional Chinese: 中華民國憲法; Hanyu Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó Xiànfǎ; Tongyong Pinyin: JhongHuá MínGuó SiànFǎ) is currently the basic governing document for the areas controlled by the Republic of China, namely all of Taiwan Province, Taipei and Kaohsiung municipalities, and Kinmen county and part of... A presidential system, or a congressional system, is a system of government of a republic where the executive branch is elected separately from the legislative. ... A parliamentary system, or parliamentarism, is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence. ... Chiang Ching-kuo (蔣經國) Chiang Ching-kuo (Chinese: 蔣經國; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chiang Ching-kuo) (April 271, 1910 - January 13, 1988), Kuomintang politician and leader, was the son of Chiang Kai-shek and held numerous posts in the government of the Republic of China (from 1949... Chiang Kai-shek (October 31, 1887 – April 5, 1975) was a Chinese military and political leader who assumed the leadership of the Kuomintang (KMT) after the death of Sun Yat-sen in 1925. ... Lee Teng-hui (Traditional: 李登輝; Simplified: 李登辉; Hanyu Pinyin: ) born January 15, 1923) is a politician in the Republic of China on Taiwan. ... Hau Pei-tsun (郝柏村; pinyin: HÇŽo BócÅ«n; born July 13, 1919) was Premier of the Republic of China (on Taiwan) from May 30, 1990 to February 10, 1993 and a 4-star general in the ROC Army. ... Mainlanders are Chinese people who live, or were born, in mainland China as opposed to Hong Kong, Macao, or Taiwan. ... Dr. Lien Chan Lien Chan (連戰, in pinyin: Lián Zhàn) (born August 27, 1936, in Xian) is a Taiwanese politician. ... The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) (Chinese: 民主進步黨; abbrev. ...


The relationship between the premier and the legislature again became a contentious issue after the 2000 Presidential election, which led to the election of the Democratic Progressive Party's Chen Shui-bian to the presidency, while the legislature has remained under the control of the Pan-Blue Coalition. Initially, President Chen Shui-bian appointed to the premiership Tang Fei, who was a member of the Kuomintang, but this arrangement proved unworkable and subsquent appointments were from the Democratic Progressive Party. The established the constitutional convention that the premier is responsible to the President and does not have any responsibility to the legislature other than to report on his activities. However, the Pan-Blue Coalition has contended that Chen's actions are unconstitutional and has proposed to name its own choice of premier. Pan-Blue has since rejected, on principle, all legislative bills originating from the Executive Yuan (though some bills with inter-party support are simply rewritten and reintroduced by legislators), leading to legislative gridlock. This has renewed calls for a constitutional amendment to better define the relationship between the executive and legislative branches of government. The Election for the 10th-term President and Vice-President of the Republic of China (第十任中華民國總統、副總統選舉), the second ever direct elections for President and Vice President of the Republic of China on Taiwan and the 10th under the 1947 Constitution, were held on March 18, 2000. ... Chen Shui-bian, President of the Republic of China Chen Shui-bian (ch. ... The Pan-Blue Coalition, or Pan-Blue Force (Chinese: 泛藍軍; pinyin: fàn lán jÅ«n), is a political coalition in early 21st century Taiwan, consisting of the Kuomintang (KMT), the People First Party (PFP), and the smaller New Party (CNP). ... Tang Fei 唐飛 (born March 15, 1933) was the premier of the Republic of China between May 20 to October 16, 2000 under the Chen Shui-bian Government, even though he was a member of the Kuomintang (KMT). ... The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) (Chinese: 民主進步黨; abbrev. ...


List of Presidents of the Executive Yuan


  Results from FactBites:
 
Premier of the People's Republic of China - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (337 words)
The Premier is generally a member of the Standing Committee of the Politburo and usually third in the Communist Party hierarchy.
He became Premier of the PRC in 1949, with the establishment of the Communist regime.
He was nominated as Premier of the PRC by President Jiang Zemin and confirmed by the Ninth National People's Congress on March 17, 1998.
Premier of the Republic of China - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (931 words)
The premier is appointed by the President of the Republic of China.
The vice premier, ministers, and chairpersons of the Executive Yuan are appointed by the president on the recommendation of the premier.
The Constitution of the Republic of China did not originally define strictly the relation between the premier and the president of the Republic and it was not clear whether the government would lean towards a presidential system or parliamentary system when divided.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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