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Encyclopedia > Premier (Canada)

In Canada, a Premier is the head of government of a province. There are currently 10 provincial premiers in Canada. The head of government is the leader of the government or cabinet. ... This article is about political regions. ...


Name

Ralph Klein, Premier of (Alberta)
Ralph Klein, Premier of (Alberta)

In a number of provinces they were previously known by the title "Prime Minister" with "premier" being an informal term used to apply to all Prime Ministers, even the Prime Minister of Canada. This practice was eventually phased out to avoid confusing the provincial leaders with the federal Prime Minister, as well as to indicate the distinct nature of the provincial offices. Officially, the last such case outside Quebec was that of W. A. C. Bennett who served as Premier of British Columbia, and styled himself as Prime Minister until leaving office in 1972. This image is not licensed under the GFDL. It is under a non-commercial-use only licence. ... This image is not licensed under the GFDL. It is under a non-commercial-use only licence. ... The Honourable Ralph Phillip Klein (born November 1, 1942), leader of the Alberta Progressive Conservatives, is current premier of the Canadian province of Alberta. ... Motto: Fortis et Liber (Strong and free) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Lieutenant Governor Norman Kwong Premier Ralph Klein (PC) Area 661,848 km² (6th) Land 642,317 km² Water 19,531 km² (2. ... The Prime Minister of Canada, the head of the Canadian government, is usually the leader of the political party with the most seats in the Canadian House of Commons. ... Federalism is a system of government in which power is constitutionally divided between a central authority and constituent political units (like states or provinces). ... Beginning in 1963, a terrorist group that became known as the Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) launched a decade of bombings, robberies and attacks on government offices and at least two murders by FLQ gunfire and three violent deaths by bombings. ... William Andrew Cecil Bennett (September 6, 1900 - February 23, 1979) was a Premier of the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... This is a list of the premiers of British Columbia, Canada, since it joined Confederation in 1871. ...


In the provinces of Quebec and New Brunswick, where French is an official language, the head of government is called Premier Ministre in French, as the French language does not use a separate term to distinguish the national Prime Minister from a provincial premier. In Quebec this designation is often translated to Prime Minister in English, especially by Parti Québécois premiers. The designation however is not exclusive. When they visit Quebec, or when they are described by the Quebec government or many Quebec media, all the other heads of government of the other provinces are also called Prime Minister in the English version of the official French texts. The name of the province is always added, to avoid confusion. Motto: Spem reduxit (Hope was restored) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Fredericton Largest city Saint John Lieutenant Governor Herménégilde Chiasson Premier Bernard Lord (PC) Area 72 908 km² (8th) Land 71 450 km² Water 1 458 km² (2. ... An official language is a language that is given a unique legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... The Parti Québécois or PQ is a political party that advocates national sovereignty for Quebec from Canada. ...


The terms "Prime Minister" and "Premier" come from the United Kingdom, where there is only one prime minister/premier. Incidentally, the British prime minister is frequently called the "premier" to this day since there is little chance of confusion in that country. Canada's federal prime minister and premiers are collectively referred to as first ministers, another synonym of British origin. In the United Kingdom, the Prime Minister is the head of government, exercising many of the executive functions nominally vested in the Sovereign, who is head of state. ... The term First Minister refers to the leader of a cabinet United Kingdom In the United Kingdom, the term First Minister was once used interchangeably with Prime Minister, as in Winston Churchills famous line: I did not become Her Majestys First Minister so that I might oversee the...

Jean Charest, Premier of Quebec.
Jean Charest, Premier of Quebec.

Jean Charest official picture. ... Jean Charest official picture. ... The Honourable John James Jean Charest, PC, MNA (born June 24, 1958) is a Quebecois lawyer. ... Beginning in 1963, a terrorist group that became known as the Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) launched a decade of bombings, robberies and attacks on government offices and at least two murders by FLQ gunfire and three violent deaths by bombings. ...

Role

In the ten provinces of Canada, the premier is the leader of the largest political party in the provincial legislature. Nominally, he is appointed by the Lieutenant Governor who represents both the crown and the Federal Government. The Elections and Parties Series Democracy Representative democracy History of democracy Referenda Liberal democracy Representation Voting Voting systems Ideology Elections Elections by country Elections by calendar Electoral systems Politics Politics by country Political campaigns Political science Political philosophy Related topics Political parties Parties by country Parties by name Parties by... Chamber of the Estates-General, the Dutch legislature. ... A Lieutenant Governor is a government official who is the subordinate or deputy of a Governor or Governor-General. ... The Crown is a term which is used to separate the government authority and property of the state in a kingdom from any personal influence and private assets held by the current Monarch. ...


Premiers appoint a provincial cabinet and guide legislation through the provincial legislature, of which they are a sitting member. A Cabinet is a body of high-ranking members of government, typically representing the executive branch. ...


Premiers hold a fair bit of power within the Canadian federation, especially in regards to the federal government. In many ways they remain the most effective representatives of provincial interests to the federal government, as Parliament's strong party discipline and other factors have impaired provincial representation there. This reality is acknowledged in annual "First Ministers Conferences" in which the federal Prime Minister and the 10 premiers meet to discuss provincial-federal relations. The Meech Lake Accord proposed that these meetings be constitutionally mandated, and some premiers have even proposed that these meetings become a formal branch of government, active in the legislation process (see Council of the Federation (Canada)). A federation (from the Latin fœdus, covenant) is a state comprised of a number of self-governing regions (often themselves referred to as states) united by a central (federal) government. ... The debating chamber or hemicycle of the European Parliament in Brussels. ... Party discipline is the ability of a political party to get its members to support the policies of the party leadership. ... The Meech Lake Accord was a set of failed constitutional amendments to the Constitution of Canada proposed by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and Robert Bourassa, premier of Quebec. ... The Council of the Federation is a council in Canada made up of the Premiers of Canadas thirteen Provinces and Territories. ...

Canada's three territories have premiers as well, though they are technically known as "Government Leaders". The Premier of the Yukon Territory is chosen in the usual fashion, but the Premiers of Nunavut and the Northwest Territories are selected from within the small and non-partisan elected territorial councils. Government Portait of Dalton McGuinty File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Government Portait of Dalton McGuinty File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Honourable Dalton James Patrick McGuinty Jr. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Loyal it began, loyal it remains) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Area 1,076,395 km² (4th)  - Land 917,741 km²  - Water 158,654 km² (14. ... A territory is a defined area (including land and waters), usually considered to be a possession of an animal, person, organization, or institution. ... Motto: none Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Whitehorse Largest city Whitehorse Commissioner Jack Cable Premier Dennis Fentie (Yukon Party) Area 482,443 km² (9th)  - Land 474,391 km²  - Water 8,052 km² (1. ... Motto: Nunavut Sannginivut (Inuktitut, Nunavut our strength / Our land our strength) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Iqaluit Largest city Iqaluit Commissioner Ann Meekitjuk Hanson Premier Paul Okalik (independent) Area 2,093,190 km² (1st) Land 1,936,113 km² Water 157,077 km² (7. ... Motto: None Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Yellowknife Largest city Yellowknife Commissioner Tony Whitford Premier Joe Handley (Consensus government - no party affiliations) Area 1,346,106 km² (3rd) Land 1,183,085 km² Water 163,021 km² (12. ...


Related articles

Lists of Canadian first ministers
Federal Prime Minister
Provincial premiers

Alberta | British Columbia | Manitoba | New Brunswick | Newfoundland and Labrador | Nova Scotia | Ontario | Prince Edward Island | Quebec | Saskatchewan The Council of the Federation is a council in Canada made up of the Premiers of Canadas thirteen Provinces and Territories. ... Categories: Canada-related stubs | Alberta premiers ... Categories: Stub | British Columbia premiers ... Categories: Canada-related stubs | Manitoba premiers ... The Premier of New Brunswick (fr: Premier ministre du Nouveau-Brunswick) is the first minister for the Canadian province of New Brunswick. ... Categories: Newfoundland and Labrador premiers | Stub ... The Premier of the Northwest Territories is the first minister for the Northwest Territories, Canada. ... Categories: Stub | Nova Scotia premiers ... Paul Okalik, current premier of Nunavut The Premier of Nunavut is the first minister for the Canadian territory of Nunavut. ... Dalton McGuinty The Premier of Ontario is the first minister for the Canadian province of Ontario. ... The Premier of Prince Edward Island is the first minister for the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island. ... The Premier of Quebec (in French Premier ministre du Québec, sometimes literally translated to Prime Minister of Quebec) is the first minister for the Canadian province of Quebec. ... The Premier of Saskatchewan is the first minister for the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. ... The Premier of Yukon (alternately, the Premier of the Yukon) is the first minister for the Canadian territory of Yukon. ... The term First Minister refers to the leader of a cabinet United Kingdom In the United Kingdom, the term First Minister was once used interchangeably with Prime Minister, as in Winston Churchills famous line: I did not become Her Majestys First Minister so that I might oversee the... The Prime Ministers of Canada While there is a long standard tradition of considering John A. Macdonald Canadas first Prime Minister, since he was prime minister after Canadian Confederation, a number of modern scholars, foremost amongst them John Ralston Saul, argue that Robert Baldwin and Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine are... This is a list of the premier of the province of Alberta, Canada, since its creation in 1905. ... This is a list of the premiers of British Columbia, Canada, since it joined Confederation in 1871. ... This is a list of the premiers of the province of Manitoba, Canada, since it was created in 1870. ... Government leaders prior to responsible government. ... This is a list of the premiers and Prime Ministers of Newfoundland and Labrador from the granting of responsible government in 1855 through dominion status, the colony joining Canadian confederation in 1949 and up to the modern day. ... Premiers of the colony of Nova Scotia (1848-1867) Premiers of the province of Nova Scotia, Canada, since Confederation (1867). ... This is a list of the premiers of the province of Ontario, Canada, since Confederation (1867). ... This is a list of the premiers of the province of Prince Edward Island, Canada, since the office was established (along with responsible government) in 1851. ... This is a list of the Premiers of Quebec, Canada since Confederation (1867). ... This is a list of the premiers of the province of Saskatchewan, Canada, since it was formed in 1905. ...

Territorial premiers

Yukon | Northwest Territories | Nunavut This is a list of the government leaders and premiers of Yukon Territory, Canada, since 1978 when responsible government was certain governmental powers were devolved from the federal government to the territory. ... This is a list of the premiers and Commissioners who held governing power in the Northwest Territories, Canada. ... This is a list of the premiers of Nunavut Territory, Canada, since its creation in 1999. ...


 
 

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