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Encyclopedia > Prayer card
A German holy card from around 1910 depicts the Crucifixion.
A German holy card from around 1910 depicts the Crucifixion.

Holy cards are small, mass-produced, devotional pictures made for the use of the Catholic faithful. They typically depict a religious scene or a saint on a small image that is about the size of a playing card or collectible card. The reverse typically contains a prayer, some of which promise an indulgence for its recitation. The circulation of these cards is an important part of the visual folk culture of Catholics. A German holy card depicting the Crucifixion; before 1910 This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Crucifixion of St. ... Mass production is the production of large amounts of standardised products on production lines. ... A Devotion in Christianity has come to mean time spent alone or in a small group of people reading and studying the Bible in a way as it relates to ones spiritual health and wellbeing. ... For images in Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:Images. ... In traditional Christian iconography, Saints are usually depicted as having halos. ... Some typical Anglo-American playing cards from the Bicycle brand Set of 52 playing cards A playing card is a typically hand-sized piece of heavy paper or thin plastic. ... Mary Magdalene in prayer. ... In Catholic theology, an indulgence is the remission granted by the Church of the temporal punishment due to sins already forgiven by God. ... Folk culture is a general term for traditional, popular culture. ...

Early holy cards were often woodcuts; the first surviving example is from 1423, and depicts Saint Christopher. The visual crudity of the images possible in this medium was alleviated somewhat by the elaborate paper lace that surrounded the images; these images were called dévotes dentelles in France and Andachtsbilder in Germany, the two chief early centres for their manufacture and circulation. Four horsemen of the Apocalypse by Albrecht Dürer. ... Events July 31 - Hundred Years War: Battle of Cravant - The French army is defeated at Cravant on the banks of the river Yonne. ... For other uses, see Saint Christopher (disambiguation). ... Piece of A4 paper Paper is a thin material produced by the amalgamation of plant fibres, which are subsequently held together without extra binder, largely by hydrogen bonds and to a large degree by fiber entanglement. ... Lace appliqué and bow at the bust-line of a nightgown. ...

The invention of lithography made it possible to reproduce images of greater sophistication, leading to a much broader circulation of the cards. An early centre of their manufacture was in the environs of the Church of St Sulpice in Paris; the lithographed images made there were done in delicate pastel colours, and proved extremely influential on later designs. Belgium and Germany also became centres of the manufacture of holy cards, as did Italy in the twentieth century. Negative lithography stone and positive print of a map of Munich. ... Saint Sulpicius Severus (born around 360, died between 420 and 425), wrote the earliest biography of Saint Martin of Tours. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Région ÃŽle-de-France Département Paris (75) Subdivisions 20 arrondissements Mayor Bertrand Delanoë  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Special holy cards are printed by Catholics to be distributed at funerals; these are "memorial cards", with details of the person whom they commemorate as well as prayers printed on the back. Other specialized holy cards remember baptisms, confirmations, and other religious anniversaries. Others are not customized, and circulate to promote the veneration of the saints and images they bear. Underwater funeral in Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea A funeral is a ceremony marking a persons death. ... Baptism in early Christian art. ... Confirmation is a rite used in many Christian Churches. ... Veneration is a religious symbolic act giving honor to someone by honoring an image of that person, particularly applied to saints. ...

At the end of the nineteenth century, some Protestant denominations attempted to answer these Catholic images with similar images of their own. They produced "Bible cards" or "Sunday school cards", with lithographed illustrations depicting Biblical stories and parables, more modern scenes of religious life or prayer, or sometimes just a Biblical text illuminated by calligraphy; these were linked to Biblical passages that related to the image. The reverse typically held a brief sermon instead of a prayer. Imagery here was always the servant of text, and as such these Protestant cards tended to be replaced by tracts that emphasized message instead of imagery, and were illustrated with cartoon-like images if they were illustrated at all. Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... A religious denomination, (also simply denomination) is a subgroup within a religion that operates under a common name, tradition, and identity. ... The word Bible refers to the canonical collections of sacred writings of Judaism and Christianity. ... Sunday school, Indians and whites. ... An ill digested lesson The Governess. ... Calligraphy in a Latin Bible of AD 1407 on display in Malmesbury Abbey, Wiltshire, England. ... A sermon is an oration by a prophet or member of the clergy. ... poop ... A cartoon is any of several forms of illustrations, with varied meanings that evolved from one to another. ...

See also

Symbology of the Saints The Catholic Church has used symbols from its very beginnings. ...


  • Sandra Dipasqua and Barbara Calamari: Holy Cards (Abrams, 2004). ISBN 0-8109-4338-7



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