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Encyclopedia > Prague
Coordinates: 50°05′N 14°25′E / 50.083, 14.417
Prague (Praha)
Golden City
City
Coat-of-arms
Prague by night
Motto: Praga Caput Rei publicae
Country  Czech Republic
Region Capital City of Czech
River Vltava
Elevation 179-399 m (-1,130 ft)
Coordinates 50°05′N 14°25′E / 50.083, 14.417
Area 496 km² (191.51 sq mi)
 - metro 6,977 km² (2,694 sq mi)
Population 1,212,097 (2007-12-31)
 - metro 1,941,803
Density 2,444 /km² (6,330 /sq mi)
Founded 9th century
Mayor Pavel Bém
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 1xx xx
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Name Historic Centre of Prague
Year 1992 (#16)
Number 616
Region Europe and North America
Criteria ii, iv, vi
Website: www.cityofprague.cz

Prague (IPA: /ˈprɑːg/, Czech: Praha (IPA[ˈpraɦa]), see also other names), is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. Its official name is Hlavní město Praha, meaning Prague - the Capital City. List of cities named Prague (Prague is Praha in Czech) Prague, Czech Republic Praha, Slovakia - a village outside Lučenec in South-East Slovakia (tourist info) Places in the United States named Prague Prague, Nebraska Prague, Oklahoma New Prague, Minnesota Other meanings The Child of Prague Prague is a novel... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... The Czech Republic consists of 13 kraje (singular - kraj; usually translated as Regions with capital R) and one capital city (hlavní mÄ›sto), marked by a *: South Moravian Region (Jihomoravský kraj) Central Bohemian Region (StÅ™edočeský kraj) Hradec Králové Region (Královéhradecký kraj) Vysočina Region (Kraj... The Vltava   (Moldau in German and many other Germanic languages, Moldva in Hungarian, unrelated to the Moldova river of Romania) is the longest river in the Czech Republic, draining into the north from its source in Å umava through ÄŒeský Krumlov, ÄŒeské BudÄ›jovice, and Prague (Praha), merging with the Elbe... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was the century that lasted from 801 to 900. ... Pavel Bém (born July 18, 1963) is a Czech doctor and politician. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... This is a list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Europe. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 467 pixelsFull resolution (2684 × 1568 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Czechia_-_outline_map. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... This page lists the 102 largest metropolitan areas of the world by population. ...


Situated on the River Vltava in central Bohemia, Prague has been the political, cultural, and economic centre of the Czech state for over 1100 years. The city proper is home to more than 1.2 million people, while its metropolitan area is estimated to have a population of over 1.9 million.[1] The Vltava   (Moldau in German and many other Germanic languages, Moldva in Hungarian, unrelated to the Moldova river of Romania) is the longest river in the Czech Republic, draining into the north from its source in Å umava through ÄŒeský Krumlov, ÄŒeské BudÄ›jovice, and Prague (Praha), merging with the Elbe... For other uses, see Bohemia (disambiguation). ...


Prague is widely considered to be one of the most beautiful cities in Europe[2] and is among the most visited cities on the continent.[3] Though it suffered one large bombing raid during the Second World War, it largely escaped the utter destruction which befell so many European cities during that period and emerged largely intact. Since 1992, the extensive historic centre of Prague has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. According to Guinness World Records, Prague Castle is the largest ancient castle in the world. Nicknames for Prague have included "the mother of cities" (Praga mater urbium, or "Praha matka měst" in Czech)", "city of a hundred spires" and "the golden city"[4]. Prague is a candidate city for the 2016 Olympics. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... UNESCO logo The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, commonly known as UNESCO, is a specialized agency of the United Nations system established in 1946. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Guinness World Records 2008 edition. ... Entrance to the Prague Castle at night The Prague Castle (Czech: Pražský hrad) is the castle in Prague where the Czech kings, Holy Roman Emperors and presidents of Czechoslovakia and the Czech Republic have had their offices. ... A modern spire on the Lancaster University Chaplaincy Centre A spire is a tapering conical or pyramidal structure on the top of a building, particularly a church tower. ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of Prague

The history of Prague spans over thousands of years, during which time the city grew from the Vyšehrad Castle to the multicultural capital of a modern European state, the Czech Republic. The history of Prague spans over thousands of years, during which time the city grew from the VyÅ¡ehrad Castle to the multicultural capital of a modern European state, the Czech Republic. ... Vyšehrad is a castle built on a hill over the Vltava River in the 10th century. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


Ancient Prague

Vltava river

The area on which Prague was founded was settled in ancient times since the Paleolithic Age. Around 200 BCE the Celts had a settlement in the south, called Závist, but later they were replaced by Germanic tribes. The Slavs conquered the site from the 4th century CE onward, though for a period were subdued by the Eurasian Avars. According to a legend, Prague was founded by the Princess Libuše and her husband, Přemysl, founder of the dynasty with the same name. Whether this legend is true or not, Prague's first nucleus was founded in the latter part of the 9th century as a castle on a hill commanding the right bank of the Vltava: this is known as Vyšehrad ("high castle") to differentiate from another castle which was later erected on the opposite bank, the future Prague Castle. Soon the city became the seat of the dukes and kings of Bohemia. It was an important seat for trading where merchants coming from all Europe settled, including many Jews, as recalled in 965 by the Jewish merchant and traveller Ibrahim ibn Ya'qub. The city became a bishopric in 973. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,600 × 1,200 pixels, file size: 701 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) View of the Vlatava River and Castle in Winter I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,600 × 1,200 pixels, file size: 701 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) View of the Vlatava River and Castle in Winter I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The Vltava   (Moldau in German and many other Germanic languages, Moldva in Hungarian, unrelated to the Moldova river of Romania) is the longest river in the Czech Republic, draining into the north from its source in Å umava through ÄŒeský Krumlov, ÄŒeské BudÄ›jovice, and Prague (Praha), merging with the Elbe... The Paleolithic or Palaeolithic (Greek παλαιός paleos=old and λίθος lithos=stone or the Old Stone Age) was the first period in the development of human technology of the Stone Age. ... Diachronic distribution of Celtic peoples:  core Hallstatt territory, by the 6th century BC  maximal Celtic expansion, by the 3rd century BC  the six Celtic nations which retained significant numbers of Celtic speakers into the Early Modern period  areas where Celtic languages remain widely spoken today Celts (pronounced or , see pronunciation... The term Germanic peoples may refer to: the Germanic tribes that in the first millennium were seen as a barbarian threat by the Roman Empire and its successors; the Germanic Christianity that in the second millennium came to dominate much of Northern Europe, politically organized in the Holy Roman Empire... Distribution of Slavic people by language The Slavic peoples are a linguistic and ethnic branch of Indo-European peoples, living mainly in Europe, where they constitute roughly a third of the population. ... Late Avar period Map showing the location of Avar Khaganate, c. ... PÅ™emysl and LibuÅ¡e, sculpture by Josef Václav Myslbek (1881), today in VyÅ¡ehrad LibuÅ¡e (Czech; in German Libussa or Libuscha) is a mythical ancestor of the PÅ™emyslid dynasty and the Czech people as whole. ... The Czechs name PÅ™emysl, the Ploughman (Premysl or Przemysl; in Czech PÅ™emysl Oráč) as the mythical ancestor of PÅ™emyslid dynasty, containing the line of princes (dukes) and kings which ruled in the Czech lands from 873 or earlier until the murder of Wenceslaus III in 1306. ... The Vltava   (Moldau in German and many other Germanic languages, Moldva in Hungarian, unrelated to the Moldova river of Romania) is the longest river in the Czech Republic, draining into the north from its source in Å umava through ÄŒeský Krumlov, ÄŒeské BudÄ›jovice, and Prague (Praha), merging with the Elbe... Entrance to the Prague Castle at night The Prague Castle (Czech: Pražský hrad) is the castle in Prague where the Czech kings, Holy Roman Emperors and presidents of Czechoslovakia and the Czech Republic have had their offices. ... For other uses, see Bohemia (disambiguation). ... Languages Historical Jewish languages Hebrew, Yiddish, Ladino, others Liturgical languages: Hebrew and Aramaic Predominant spoken languages: The vernacular language of the home nation in the Diaspora, significantly including English, Hebrew, Yiddish, and Russian Religions Judaism Related ethnic groups Arabs and other Semitic groups For the Jewish religion, see Judaism. ...

King Vladislav II had a first bridge on the Vltava built in 1170, the Judith Bridge, which crumbled down in 1342. The Charles Bridge was later built on its foundations. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 1570 KB) Sumario Puente de Carlos una mañana temprano, antes de llenarse de turistas. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 1570 KB) Sumario Puente de Carlos una mañana temprano, antes de llenarse de turistas. ... Charles Bridge and Prague Old Town Charles Bridge as viewed from Petřínská rozhledna - lookout tower Charles Bridge (Czech:  ) is a famous historical bridge that crosses the Vltava river in Prague, Czech Republic. ... Vladislav II (c. ... The Vltava   (Moldau in German and many other Germanic languages, Moldva in Hungarian, unrelated to the Moldova river of Romania) is the longest river in the Czech Republic, draining into the north from its source in Å umava through ÄŒeský Krumlov, ÄŒeské BudÄ›jovice, and Prague (Praha), merging with the Elbe... Charles Bridge and Prague Old Town Charles Bridge as viewed from Petřínská rozhledna - lookout tower Charles Bridge (Czech:  ) is a famous historical bridge that crosses the Vltava river in Prague, Czech Republic. ...


In 1257, under King Otakar II, Malá Strana ("Lesser Quarter") was founded in Prague in the future Hradčany area: it was the district of the German people. These had the right to administrate the law autonomously, pursuant to Magdeburg Rights. The new district was on the opposite bank of the Staré Město ("Old Town"), which had a borough status and was defended by a line of walls and fortifications. Malá Strana in Prague Malá Strana  listen? (in English literally Little Side, though more frequently described as Lesser Quarter or Lesser Side) is originally a popular and nowadays also official name for former Menší mÄ›sto pražské (The Lesser Town of Prague), one of Pragues historical and oldest... Hradčany from the Petřín Tower Hradčany (   listen[?]), the Castle District, is the Prague district surrounding the Prague Castle. ... The Magdeburg Rights (or Magdeburg law) were a set of city laws regulating the degree of internal autonomy within cities and villages granted with it by a local ruler. ...


The era of Charles IV

Prague Castle at night.

The city flourished during the 14th century reign of Charles IV of the new Luxembourg dynasty. He ordered the building of the New Town (Nové Město) adjacent to the Old Town. The Charles Bridge was erected to connect the new district to Malá Strana. Monuments by Charles include the Saint Vitus Cathedral, the oldest gothic cathedral in central Europe, which is actually inside the Castle, and the Charles University. The latter is the oldest university in central Europe. Prague was then the third-largest city in Europe. Under Charles Prague was, from 1355, the actual capital of the Holy Roman Empire, and its rank was elevated to that of archbishopric (1344). It had a mint, and German and Italian merchants, as well as bankers, were present in the city. The social order, however, became more turbulent due to the rising power of the craftsmen's guild (themselves often torn by internal fights), and the presence of increasing number of poor people. Entrance to the Prague Castle at night The Prague Castle (Czech: Pražský hrad) is the castle in Prague where the Czech kings, Holy Roman Emperors and presidents of Czechoslovakia and the Czech Republic have had their offices. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 511 KB) Prague, Hradčany, St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 511 KB) Prague, Hradčany, St. ... St. ... Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor. ... The House of Luxembourg was a medieval Holy Roman Empire noble family. ... The New Town (Czech: Nové mÄ›sto) is a quarter in the city of Prague in the Czech Republic. ... External links Cathedral page on Prague Castle Administration site Categories: Buildings and structures stubs | Prague | Roman Catholic cathedrals ... The western facade of Reims Cathedral, France. ... Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. ... The Charles University of Prague (also simply University of Prague; Czech: Univerzita Karlova; Latin: Universitas Carolina) is the oldest and most prestigious Czech university and among the oldest universities in Europe, being founded in 1340s (for the exact year, see below). ... This article is about the medieval empire. ... A mint is a facility which manufactures coins for currency. ... Languages Italian, Sicilian, Neapolitan, Corsican, Sardinian, Emiliano-Romagnolo, Ligurian, Lombard, Piedmontese, Venetian, Ladin, Friulian Religions predominantly Roman Catholic      The Italians are a Southern European ethnic group found primarily in Italy and in a wide-ranging diaspora throughout Western Europe, the Americas and Australia. ... An artisan, also called a craftsman,[1] is a skilled manual worker who uses tools and machinery in a particular craft. ... A guild is an association of craftspeople in a particular trade. ...


Under King Wenceslas IV (1378-1419) Jan Hus, a theologian and lector at the University, held his preachers and sermons in Prague. Since 1402 he summoned his followers in the Bethlehem Chapel, speaking in Czech language in order to enlarge as much as possible the diffusion of his ideas about the renovation of the church. Having become too dangerous for the political and religious establishment, Hus was burned in Konstanz in 1415. Four years later Prague experienced its first defenestration, when the people rebelled under the command of the Prague priest Jan Želivský and threw the city's counsellors from the New Town Hall. Hus' death had spurred the so-called Hussite Wars. In 1420 peasant rebels, led by the famous general Jan Žižka, along with Hussite troops from Prague, defeated the Bohemian King Sigismund, in the Battle of Vítkov Hill. Wenceslaus (German: Wenzel; sometimes known as the Drunkard, Czech: Václav IV) of the house of Luxembourg (born February 26, 1361, died August 16, 1419) succeeded his father Charles IV as Holy Roman Emperor (ruled 1378 - 1400) and as king of Bohemia (ruled 1378 - 1419). ... Jan Hus ( ) (IPA: , alternative spellings John Hus, Jan Huss, John Huss) (c. ... Konstanz in 1925 seen from the lake Schnetztor, a section of the former city wall Another gate from city wall Shops in Konstanz The Konzilgebäude in Konstanz Konstanz (in English formerly known as Constance) is a university town of around 80,000 inhabitants at the western end of Lake... Jan Želivský (1380 - 9 March 1422) was a Czech priest and a radical representative of the Hussite reformation. ... Crusades First – Peoples – German – 1101 – Second – Third – Fourth – Albigensian – Childrens – Fifth – Sixth – Seventh – Shepherds – Eighth – Ninth – Aragonese – Alexandrian – Nicopolis – Northern – Hussite – Varna – Otranto Hussite Wars Nekmer - SudomÄ•Å™ – Vítkov – VyÅ¡ehrad – Nebovidy - NÄ›mecký Brod – HoÅ™ice – Ústí nad Labem – Tachov – Lipany – Grotniki The Hussite Wars, also called... Jan Žižka (or John Zizka of Trocnov or Johann Ziska Czech: Jan Žižka z Trocnova) (c. ... For other uses, see Bohemia (disambiguation). ... Sigismund, aged approximately 50, depicted by unknown artist in the 1420s — the only contemporary portrait. ... Combatants Holy Roman Empire Hussites Commanders Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor Jan Zizka Strength 50,000-100,000 (100,000-200,000) 12,000 Casualties 300 knights Unknown The Battle of Vítkov Hill was a part of the Hussite Wars. ...


In the following two centuries Prague strengthened its role as a merchant city. Many noteworthy Gothic buildings were erected, including the Vladislav Hall of the Prague Castle.


The Habsburg era

In 1526 the Kingdom of Bohemia was handed over to the House of Habsburg: the fervent Catholicism of its members was to have grievous consequences in Bohemia, and then in Prague, where Protestant ideas were having instead increasing success[citation needed]. These problems were not preeminent under Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II, elected King of Bohemia in 1576, who chose Prague as his home. He lived in the Prague Castle where he held his bizarre courts of astrologers, magicians, and other strange figures. Rudolf was an art lover too and Prague became the capital of European culture. This was a prosperous period for the city: famous people living there in that age include the astronomers Tycho Brahe and Johann Kepler, the painter Arcimboldo and others. Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II Rudolf II Habsburg was an emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, king of Bohemia, and king of Hungary. ... This article is about the astronomer. ... Johannes Kepler Johannes Kepler (December 27, 1571 – November 15, 1630), a key figure in the scientific revolution, was a German astronomer, mathematician and astrologer. ... Vertemnus, a portrait of Rudolf II Winter, 1573 Giuseppe Arcimboldo (1527 in Milan, Italy - 1593) was a distinctive and eccentric painter who is best known for creating portrait heads made entirely of such objects as fruit or vegetables or flowers, or fish, or inanimate objects such as books -- that is...


In 1618 the famous Defenestration of Prague provoked the Thirty Years' War. Ferdinand II of Habsburg was deposed, and his place as King of Bohemia taken by Frederick V, Elector Palatine. But the Czech army was crushed in the Battle of White Mountain (1620), not far from the city, and thenceforth Prague and Bohemia lived a harsh period in which religious tolerance was abolished and Catholic Counter-Reformation became dominant in every aspect of life. In 1621 there was an execution of 27 Czech lords (involved in the Battle of White Mountain) in the Old Town Square. The city suffered also under Saxon (1631) and Swedish (1648) occupation. Moreover, after the Peace of Westphalia of the latter year, Ferdinand moved the court to Vienna, and Prague began a steady decline which reduced the population from the 60,000 it had had in the years before the war to 20,000. A contemporary woodcut of the defenestration in 1618. ... Combatants Sweden  Bohemia Denmark-Norway[1] Dutch Republic France Scotland England Saxony  Holy Roman Empire Catholic League Austria Bavaria Spain Commanders Frederick V Buckingham Leven Gustav II Adolf â€  Johan Baner Cardinal Richelieu Louis II de Bourbon Vicomte de Turenne Christian IV of Denmark Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar Johann Georg I... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Battle of White Mountain, November 8, 1620 (Bílá hora is the name of White Mountain in Czech) was an early battle in the Thirty Years War in which an army of 20,000 Bohemians and mercenaries under Christian of Anhalt were routed by 25,000 men of the...


In 1689 a great fire devastated Prague, but this spurred a renovation and a rebuilding of the city. The economic rise continued through the following century, and the city in 1771 had 80,000 inhabitants. Many of these were rich merchants who, together with noblemen of German, Spanish and even Italian origin, enriched the city with a host of palaces, churches and gardens, creating a Baroque style renowned throughout the world. In 1784, under Joseph II, the four municipalities of Malá Strana, Nové Město, Staré Město and Hradcany were merged into a single entity. The Jewish district, called Josefov, was included only in 1850. The Industrial Revolution had a strong effect in Prague, as factories could take advantage of the coal mines and ironworks of the nearby region. A first suburb, Karlín, was created in 1817, and twenty years later population exceeded 100,000. The first railway connection was built in 1842. Joseph II may refer to either: Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II, Orthodox Patriarch of Constantinople This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


The revolutions that shocked all Europe around 1848 touched Prague too, but they were fiercely suppressed. In the following years the Czech nationalist movement (opposed to another nationalist party, the German one) began its rise, until it gained the majority in the Town Council in 1861. The European Revolutions of 1848, known in some countries as the Spring of Nations or the Year of Revolution, were a revolutionary wave which erupted in Sicily and then, further triggered by the revolutions of 1848 in France, soon spread to the rest of Europe and as far afield as...


20th century

The Jerusalem Synagogue, built in 1905 to 1906 by Wilhelm Stiassny, of Bratislava, is the largest Jewish place of worship in Prague

At the beginning of the 20th century Czech lands were the most productive part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and some Czech politics began with attempts to separate it from Habsburg empire. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1920x2560, 1229 KB) Description: Prague - Jerusalemer Synagoge Source: self Date: August 2004 Author: Maros M r a z (sk:user:Maros) Permission: GNU Free Documentation License File links The following pages link to this file: Prague Metadata This file contains additional... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1920x2560, 1229 KB) Description: Prague - Jerusalemer Synagoge Source: self Date: August 2004 Author: Maros M r a z (sk:user:Maros) Permission: GNU Free Documentation License File links The following pages link to this file: Prague Metadata This file contains additional... Official languages Latin, German, Hungarian Established church Roman Catholic Capital & Largest City Vienna pop. ...


1st Republic

article about First Republic of Czechoslovakia

World War I ended with the defeat of the Austrian Empire and the creation of Czechoslovakia. Prague was chosen as its capital and Prague Castle as the seat of president (TomᚠMasaryk). At this time Prague was a true European capital with a very developed industry. In 1930 the population had risen to a startling 850,000. Czechoslovakia in 1928 The independence of Czechoslovakia was proclaimed on October 28, 1918, by the Czechoslovak National Council in Prague. ... Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, portrait by Josef Jindřich Šechtl, 1918 Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk (IPA: ), sometimes called Thomas Masaryk in English, (March 7, 1850 - September 14, 1937) was an advocate of Czechoslovak independence during WW I and became the first President of Czechoslovakia. ...


Second World War

article about the Occupation of Czechoslovakia

Hitler ordered Germany's army to enter Prague on 15 March 1939 and from Prague Castle proclaimed Bohemia and Moravia a German protectorate. For most of its history Prague had been a multiethnic city with important Czech, German, and (mostly Czech- and/ or German-speaking) Jewish populations. The Czech Jews did not speak Yiddish. From 1939, when the country was occupied by Nazi Germany, and during World War II, most Jews either fled the city or were killed in the Holocaust. The German population, which had formed the majority of the city's inhabitants until the 19th century, was expelled in the aftermath of the war. In 1942 Prague was witness to the assassination of one of the most powerful men in Nazi Germany - Reinhard Heydrich (during Operation Anthropoid). Hitler ordered bloody reprisals. At the end of the war Prague suffered a bombing raid by the U.S. Air Force by mistake (the target was Dresden, 83 miles away). Hundreds of people were killed and some important buildings and factories were destroyed. Prague had revolted against the Nazi occupants as early as 5 May 1945 (see Prague uprising). Four days later the Soviet army entered the city. After this fierce acts of revenge against the German minority of the city were perpetrated and many German civilians were killed by Czech militias until the government slowly put an end to these acts of revenge. The surviving Germans were deported from Prague to West Germany [1]. == On the same day, Hitler met with Chamberlain at Berchtesgaden and demanded the swift return of the Sudetenland to the Third Reich under threat of war. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Capital Prague Language(s) Czech, German Political structure Protectorate Reichsprotektor  - 1939-1941 Konstantin von Neurath  - 1941-1942 Reinhard Heydrich (acting)  - 1942-1943 Kurt Daluege (acting)  - 1943-1945 Wilhelm Frick Staatspräsident  - 1939-1945 Emil Hácha Historical era World War II  - Occupation March 15, 1939  - Fall of Prague May 13... “Shoah” redirects here. ... Reinhard Tristan Eugen Heydrich (7 March 1904 – 4 June 1942) was an SS-Obergruppenführer, chief of the Reich Security Main Office (including the Gestapo, SD and Kripo Nazi police agencies) and Reichsprotektor (Reich Protector) of Bohemia and Moravia. ... Reinhard Heydrich, the target of Operation Anthropoid. ... Bombing of Prague was a controversial event during the end of World War II (On February 14, 1945) when American Air Force carried out an air raid over Prague. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article is about the armed forces of the Soviet Union. ...


Prague in the Cold War

Main article: Czechoslovakia: 1948-1968

Prague was a city in the territory of military and political control of Soviet Union (see Iron Curtain). It, however, suffered under the totalitarian regime, in spite of the rather careful program of rebuilding and caring of the damaged monuments after World War II. The 4th Czechoslovakian Writers' Congress held in the city in 1967 took a strong position against the regime. This spurred the new secretary of the Communist Party, Alexander Dubček to proclaim a new deal in his city's and country's life, starting the short-lived season of the "socialism with a human face". It was the Prague Spring, which aimed at the renovation of institutions in a democratic way. The Soviet Union and its allies reacted with the invasion of Czechoslovakia and the capital in August 1968 by 7,000 tanks, suppressing any attempt at renovation. Warsaw Pact countries to the east of the Iron Curtain are shaded red; NATO members to the west of it — blue. ... People in a café watch Soviet tanks roll past The Prague Spring (Czech: Pražské jaro, Slovak: Pražská jar, Russian: пражская весна) was a period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia starting January 5, 1968 when Alexander Dubček came to power, and running until August 20 of that year when the...

Packed with tourists on a busy summer day in Malá Strana (The Lesser Quarter), Prague

Malá Strana in Prague Malá Strana  listen? (in English literally Little Side, though more frequently described as Lesser Quarter or Lesser Side) is originally a popular and nowadays also official name for former Menší mÄ›sto pražské (The Lesser Town of Prague), one of Pragues historical and oldest...

Era after the Velvet Revolution

In 1989, after riot police beat back a peaceful student demonstration, the Velvet Revolution crowded the streets of Prague and the Czech capital benefited greatly of the new mood. In 1993, after the split of Czechoslovakia, Prague became the capital city of the new Czech Republic. In the late 90's Prague became again an important cultural centre of Europe and was notably influenced by globalization). In 2000 anti-globalization protests in Prague (some 15,000 protesters) turned violent during the IMF and World Bank summits. In 2002 Prague suffered from widespread flooding. Non-violent protesters face armed policemen The Velvet Revolution (Czech: , Slovak: ) (November 16 – December 29, 1989) refers to a non-violent revolution in Czechoslovakia that saw the overthrow of the Communist government there;[1] it is seen as one of the most important of the Revolutions of 1989. ... Economic globalization has had an impact on the worldwide integration of different cultures. ...


Sights

Milunić and Gehry's Dancing House

Since the fall of the Iron Curtain, Prague has become one of Europe's (and the world's) most popular tourist destinations. It is the sixth most-visited European city after London, Paris, Rome, Madrid and Berlin.[3] Prague suffered considerably less damage during World War II than some other major cities in the region, allowing most of its historic architecture to stay true to form. It contains one of the world's most pristine and varied collections of architecture, from Art Nouveau to Baroque, Renaissance, Cubist, Gothic, Neo-Classical and ultra-modern. Some of the most known sights are: Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... The astronomical clock in the Old-Town Square of Prague The Prague Astronomical Clock or Prague Orloj (Czech: Pražský orloj, pron. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1506x1600, 560 KB) Summary Description: Ginger and Fred (Architekt: Frank Gehry) Source: eigene Fotografie, 2005 Photographer: Hans Peter Schaefer, http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1506x1600, 560 KB) Summary Description: Ginger and Fred (Architekt: Frank Gehry) Source: eigene Fotografie, 2005 Photographer: Hans Peter Schaefer, http://www. ... Building photo The Dancing House or Fred and Ginger is the nickname given to an office building in downtown Prague, Czech Republic. ... Warsaw Pact countries to the east of the Iron Curtain are shaded red; NATO members to the west of it — blue. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Spanish capital. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Vitebsk Railway Station one of the finest examples of Art Nouveau architecture. ... For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... Georges Braque, Woman with a guitar, 1913 Cubism was a 20th century art movement, pioneered by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, that revolutionized European painting and sculpture, and inspired related movements in music and literature. ... The western facade of Reims Cathedral, France. ... Late Baroque classicizing: G. P. Pannini assembles the canon of Roman ruins and Roman sculpture into one vast imaginary gallery (1756) Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture that...

Old Town (Czech: Staré mÄ›sto) is a quarter in the city of Prague in the Czech Republic. ... old town This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... The astronomical clock in the Old-Town Square of Prague The Prague Astronomical Clock or Prague Orloj (Czech: Pražský orloj, pron. ... Charles Bridge and Prague Old Town Charles Bridge as viewed from Petřínská rozhledna - lookout tower Charles Bridge (Czech:  ) is a famous historical bridge that crosses the Vltava river in Prague, Czech Republic. ... The New Town (Czech: Nové mÄ›sto) is a quarter in the city of Prague in the Czech Republic. ... Wenceslas Square (Czech:  ) is one of the main city squares and the centre of the business and cultural communities in the New Town of Prague, Czech Republic. ... Malá Strana in Prague Malá Strana  listen? (in English literally Little Side, though more frequently described as Lesser Quarter or Lesser Side) is originally a popular and nowadays also official name for former Menší mÄ›sto pražské (The Lesser Town of Prague), one of Pragues historical and oldest... Entrance to the Prague Castle at night The Prague Castle (Czech: Pražský hrad) is the castle in Prague where the Czech kings, Holy Roman Emperors and presidents of Czechoslovakia and the Czech Republic have had their offices. ... St. ... Josefov (Josephstadt in German) is an area of central Prague, today Czech Republic, formerly the Jewish quarter of the town. ... Old Jewish Cemetery, Prague See also Old Jewish Cemetery, Cincinnati. ... The Alt-neu Shul, east facade. ... Jan Žižka (or John Zizka of Trocnov or Johann Ziska Czech: Jan Žižka z Trocnova) (c. ... lkon the wall and in a report of the time this led to a clash between hundreds of students and security police on the nearby Charles Bridge. ... Havlíčkovy Sady Park Vinohrady (in English literally vineyards) is a cadastral district in Prague. ... Reinhard Heydrich, the target of Operation Anthropoid. ... Church of Saints Cyril and Methodius is a famous (18th century) church in the center of Prague, where the Czech assassins of top-Nazi, Reinhard Heydrich, hid after the Operation Anthropoid and where they, after a fierce gun battle, committed suicide to avoid capture. ... National Museum National museum is a Czech scientific institution intended to systematically establish, prepare and publicly exhibit natural scientific and historical collections. ... VyÅ¡ehrad is a castle located in the Czech Republic, built in the 10th century, on a hill over the Vltava River. ... The Petřínská rozhledna (Petřín lookout tower) is a 60 metre high steel framework tower in Prague, which strongly resembles the Eiffel Tower. ... The Eiffel Tower (French: , ) is an iron tower built on the Champ de Mars beside the Seine River in Paris. ... AndÄ›l crossing and Zlatý AndÄ›l building in the southwest corner AndÄ›l is a busy crossing and its immediate neigbourhood in Prague 5s central quarter of Smíchov. ... Žižkov TV tower dominates the skyline. ... Kafka redirects here. ... The Prague Metronome from below The Prague Metronome from behind The Metronome is a giant, functional metronome located overlooking the Vltava River and the city center of Prague. ... Building photo The Dancing House or Fred and Ginger is the nickname given to an office building in downtown Prague, Czech Republic. ... Vitebsk Railway Station one of the finest examples of Art Nouveau architecture. ... Mucha redirects here. ... Kafka redirects here. ...

Culture

Prague is traditionally one of the cultural centres of Europe, hosting many cultural events. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 799 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2055 × 1543 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 799 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2055 × 1543 pixel, file size: 2. ... Wenceslas Square (Czech:  ) is one of the main city squares and the centre of the business and cultural communities in the New Town of Prague, Czech Republic. ... National Museum National museum is a Czech scientific institution intended to systematically establish, prepare and publicly exhibit natural scientific and historical collections. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


Significant cultural institutions:

There are hundreds of concert halls, galleries, cinemas and music clubs in the city. Prague hosts Music Festivals including the Prague Spring International Music Festival, the Prague Autumn International Music Festival and the Prague International Organ Festival. Film Festivals include the Febiofest, the One World and Echoes of the Karlovy Vary International Film Festival. Prague also hosts the Prague Writers Festival, the Prague Fringe Festival, the World Roma Festival as well as hundreds of Vernissages and Fashion Shows. The National Theatre in Prague is known as the Alma Mater of Czech Opera, and as the national monument of Czech history and art. ... The Theatre of the Estates (Stavovské divadlo) is one of the most beautiful historic theatres in Europe. ... “Mozart” redirects here. ... Don Giovanni (K.527; complete title: Il dissoluto punito, ossia il Don Giovanni, literally The Rake Punishd, or Don Giovanni) is an opera in two acts with music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte. ... The Rudolfinum is one of the most important neo-renaissance buildings in Prague. ... Czech Philharmonic Orchestra at Rudolfinum Hall in Prague The Czech Philharmonic Orchestra (ÄŒeská filharmonie in Czech language) is based in Prague and is probably the most famous and most internationally respected Czech orchestra. ... The State Opera (Czech: Státní opera) is one of two major opera houses Prague, the other being the National Theatre (Národní divadlo). ... National Museum National museum is a Czech scientific institution intended to systematically establish, prepare and publicly exhibit natural scientific and historical collections. ... Gandhara stone palette with king and attendants in Indo-Parthian dress. ... The Clementinum (Klementinum in Czech) is the national library of the Czech Republic situated in Prague. ... National Gallery in Prague is the Czech National Gallery in Prague. ... A music festival is a festival that presents a number of musical performances usually tied together through a theme or genre. ... The Prague Spring International Music Festival is a permanent showcase for outstanding performing artists, symphony orchestras and chamber music ensembles of the world. ... Prague Autumn International Music Festival is the second largest classical music festval in Prague held annually in Septemeber. ... Prague International Organ Festival is a festival for organ lovers, held annually in Prague, presenting a series of concerts by well-known organ virtuosos from all over the world - such as Kristiaan Seynhaave (2005). ... A film festival is a mostly annual festival showcasing films, usually of a recent date, sometimes with a focus on a specific genre (e. ... Febiofest is the largest film festival in the Czech Republic and the second most prestigious festival in the country (after Karlovy Vary). ... One World is a human rights documentary film festival held annually in Prague (Czech Republic). ... Karlovy Vary - venue The Karlovy Vary International Film Festival is a film festival held annually in July in Karlovy Vary (Carlsbad), Czech Republic. ... Prague Writers Festival Prague writers´ festival is one of the most important cultural events in Prague and one of the most important literary events in Europe. ... Prague Fringe Festival is an annual event held every May in Prague, Czech Republic. ... The World Roma Festival or Khamoro is an international Roma festival held annually in the city of Prague, Czech Republic. ... A vernissage (varnishing, from French), also known as a preview or private view, is the ceremonial start of an art exhibition. ... Model walking the Michael Kors catwalk during Fall Fashion Week, New York City University of Texas Evolution fashion show, 2007 Fashion model on catwalk A fashion show is an event put on by a fashion designer to showcase his or her upcoming line of clothing. ...


Many films have been made at the Barrandov Studios. Hollywood movies set in Prague include Mission Impossible, Blade II and xXx. Among others, Czech films Empties and The Fifth Horseman is Fear were shot in Prague. Barrandov Studios are a famous set of film studios in Prague, Czech Republic. ... Mission: Impossible is the name of an American television series which aired on the CBS network from September 1966 to September 1973. ... Blade II is a 2002 vampire action movie starring Wesley Snipes and Kris Kristofferson. ... Look up XXX in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Fifth Horseman is Fear is 1964 Czech New Wave film about the Holocaust that was directed by Zbynek Brynych. ...


Prague restaurant Allegro received the 1st Michelin star in the whole Eastern Europe (post-communist Europe). New York City 2006 First Michelin Red Guide for North America The Michelin Guide (Le Guide Michelin) is a series of annual guide books published by Michelin for over a dozen countries. ...


Economy

The GDP per capita of Prague is more than double that of the Czech Republic as a whole, with a per-capita GDP (PPP) of 33,784 (purchasing power standard) in 2004, which is 157.1% of the European Union average, ranking Prague among the 12 richest EU regions [5], in Purchasing Power. However, the price level is significantly lower than in comparable cities. Wikiquote has a collection of quotations by or about: European Union The European Union On-Line Official EU website, europa. ...


The city is the site of the European headquarters of many international companies.


Since the late 1990s, Prague has become a popular filming location for international productions and Hollywood motion pictures. A combination of architecture, low costs and the existing motion picture infrastructure have proved attractive to international film production companies. ...


Colleges and universities

The city contains several universities and colleges:

The Charles University of Prague (also simply University of Prague; Czech: Univerzita Karlova; Latin: Universitas Carolina) is the oldest and most prestigious Czech university and among the oldest universities in Europe, being founded in 1340s (for the exact year, see below). ... For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ... Czech Technical University in Prague (CTU, České Vysoké Učení Technické v Praze – ČVUT in Czech) is one of the largest universities in the Czech Republic. ... Image:Avuemblem. ... Institute of Chemical Technology in Prague (in Czech Vysoká Å¡kola chemicko-technologická, VÅ CHT) is largest university specialised on chemistry in the Czech Republic. ... The Academy of Performing Arts in Prague is a university level school of music, dance, drama, film, TV and multi-media studies. ... Czech University of Agriculture Prague, established in 1952, has five faculties. ... Vysoká Å¡kola ekonomická (VÅ E, in English University of Economics) is large university in Prague, Czech Republic. ...

Transport

The "nostalgic tram" no. 91 runs through the city centre

The public transport infrastructure consists of an integrated transport system of Prague Metro (with 51 stations in total), Prague Tram System (including the "nostalgic tram" no. 91), buses, the Petřín funicular to Petřín Hill, and three ferries. All services have a common ticketing system, and are run by Prague Public Transit Co. Inc. (Dopravní podnik hl. m. Prahy, a.s.) and some other companies (full list). Image File history File linksMetadata Tram91. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Tram91. ... map of the Prague Metro The Prague metro is a subway, underground public transportation network in Prague, Czech Republic. ... Prague tram The Prague Tram System is largest tram system in the Czech Republic, consisting of 133 kilometres of track, 951 tram cars, and 35 lines. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Tram91. ... One of the Petřín funiculars two trains Close up of the track; note both cars at the passing loop in the background The Petřín funicular is a funicular railway in the Czech capital city of Prague. ... Petřín as seen from the Old Town Bridge Tower Petřín (327 m) is a hill in centre of Prague, Czech Republic. ...


Rail

The city forms the hub of the Czech railway system, with services to all parts of the Czech Republic and abroad. Logo České dráhy or Czech Railways (ČD or CD) is the main railway operator of the Czech Republic and provides passenger and freight service via state owned rail tracks. ...


Prague has two international railway stations, Hlavní nádraží (sometimes referred to as Wilsonovo nádraží) and Praha-Holešovice. Intercity services also stop at the main stations Praha-Smíchov and Masarykovo nádraží. In addition to these, there are a number of smaller suburban stations. In the future rail should play a greater role in Prague Public Transport System.[citation needed]


Air

Prague is served by Ruzyně International Airport, the biggest airport in the Czech Republic and one of the busiest and the most modern in Central and Eastern Europe. It is the hub of the flag carrier, Czech Airlines and of the low-cost airlines SkyEurope and Smart Wings operating throughout Europe. Other airfields in Prague include the city's original airport in the suburb of Kbely, and Letňany which is mainly used for private aviation and domestic flights. Tocna, is located in the southwest part of the City and serves mostly as an aeroclub. RuzynÄ› International Airport (IATA: PRG, ICAO: LKPR) serves Prague, Czech Republic. ... CSA Czech Airlines (in Czech: ÄŒeské aerolinie (abbreviation: ÄŒSA) is the Czech national airline company, and former national carrier of Czechoslovakia based at RuzynÄ› International Airport, Prague. ... SkyEurope (officially SkyEurope Airlines) is a low-cost airline with its main base at M. R. Stefanik Airport (BTS) in Bratislava, Slovakia, and other bases in Kraków, Prague and Budapest. ... Smart Wings is a low-cost airline based in Prague, Czech Republic. ...


Taxis

Taxi services in Prague can be divided into three sectors. There are major taxicab companies, operating call-for-taxi services (radio-taxi) or from regulated taxi stands, where overpricing is rare and regulation mostly in place. There are independent drivers, who make pickups on the street; cheating is mostly associated with these cars. The problem with overcharging is so huge, that it's mentioned in Lonely Planet guide books and it was featured on CNN couple of years ago. Tourists taking taxi in Prague are being advised to be very careful, request a receipt and make sure to know the approximate amount to be charged before entering the cab.


Sport

Prague is the site of many sports events, national stadiums and teams The Athens Olympic Stadium Typical stadium seating consists of terraces, such as shown here at Sarajevos Stadium Kosevo. ... A team is any group of people or animals linked in a common purpose. ...

The City is also bidding for the 2016 Summer Olympics. Prague International Marathon, or PIM, is the race in Czech Republic, every year in May. ... SK Slavia Praha is a Czech football club, from Prague. ... UEFA Champions League, which replaced the European Champions Cup, is a seasonal club football competition organised by UEFA since 1992 for the most successful football clubs in Europe. ... Sparta Praha redirects here. ... The UEFA Cup (also known as European Cup 3, CE3 or C3) is a football competition for European club teams, organized by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA). ... Sazka Arena in Prague is one of the most modern multifunctional arenas in Europe built for the 2004 Mens World Ice Hockey Championships. ... NHL can also be an abbreviation for National Historic Landmark or Non-Hodgkins lymphoma. ... The 2004 Mens Ice Hockey Championships were held April 24-May 9, 2004 in Prague and Ostrava, Czech Republic. ... The Euroleague (EL) is the highest caliber professional basketball competition in Europe, with teams from thirteen different European countries. ... The Strahov Stadium (Strahovský stadion in Czech) is a stadium in the Strahov district of Prague, Czech Republic. ... World Cup of Skateboarding (WCSK8) is an international skateboarding competition taking place in many cities all around the world. ... A floorball match between Sweden (yellow) and Finland (white) Floorball is a gay indoor team sport played using composite or carbon sticks with a plastic vented blade where the aim is to put a light plastic ball into the opponents goal. ... The 2016 Summer Olympics, officially the Games of the XXXI Olympiad, is a major international sports and cultural festival to be celebrated in the tradition of the Olympic Games as governed by the International Olympic Committee. ...


Miscellaneous

Prague TV tower with crawling "babies"

Prague is also the site of the most important offices and institutions of the Czech Republic and Central Europe. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 456 KB) Description: Žižkov Television Tower in Prague Source: Czech Wikipedia: http://cs. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 456 KB) Description: Žižkov Television Tower in Prague Source: Czech Wikipedia: http://cs. ... Žižkov TV tower dominates the skyline. ...

This is a list of presidents of the Czech Republic. ... The Parliament of the Czech Republic (in Czech Parlament České republiky) is the legislative body of the Czech Republic. ... Logo of Česká televizes ČT1 channel. ... This article is about the radio broadcast service. ... Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) is a radio and communications organization which is funded by the United States Congress. ... The Prague Institute for Global Urban Development is a research institute which advices urban planners globally. ...

Prague as a venue

Recent major events held in Prague:

This article is about the military alliance. ... IMF redirects here. ... The World Bank logo The World Bank (the Bank) is a part of the World Bank Group (WBG), is a bank that makes loans to developing countries for development programs with the stated goal of reducing poverty. ... Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ... IAU redirects here. ...

International relations

Prague is involved in a number of official as well as unofficial partnerships with other major world cities.[6] The city of Prague also maintains its own EU delegation in Brussels called Prague House.[7] Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations by or about: European Union The European Union On-Line Official EU website, europa. ... This article is about the settlement itself. ...


Partner cities:

official:

unofficial: Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... This article is about the settlement itself. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Frankfurt am Main [ˈfraŋkfʊrt] is the largest city in the German state of Hessen and the fifth largest city of Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... For other uses, see Hamburg (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... For other uses, see Kyoto (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Nürnberg redirects here. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... This article is about the city. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Facade of St. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... This article is about the British city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovakia. ... , Nickname: Beauty on the Danube, City of peace Country  Slovakia Region Districts 5  - Bratislava I  - Bratislava II  - Bratislava III  - Bratislava IV  - Bratislava V Rivers Elevation 134 m (440 ft) Coordinates , Highest point Devínska Kobyla  - elevation 514 m (1,686 ft) Lowest point Danube River  - elevation 126 m (413 ft... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... For other uses, see Budapest (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Colombia. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... For other uses, see Copenhagen (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Province Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - Mayor Jussi Pajunen Area  - Total 187. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Latvia. ... For other uses, see Riga (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Nickname: Motto: Sterker door strijd (Stronger through Struggle) Location of Rotterdam Coordinates: , Country Province Government  - Mayor Ivo Opstelten  - Aldermen Jeannette Baljeu Hamit Karakus Orhan Kaya Lucas Bolsius Jantine Kriens Dominic Schrijer Roelf de Boer Leonard Geluk Area [1]  - Total 319 km² (123. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lithuania. ... Not to be confused with Vilnius city municipality. ...

In Popular culture

  • In 1968 as a response to the Soviet Invasion of the city, the Israeli singer Shalom Hanoch wrote a song, also named "Prague", about the invasion which was sung by Arik Einstein. And though it was received badly at first, it later on began to be received more warmly by audiences in Israel and in the Czech republic.

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Arik Einstein (January 3, 1939-) is an Israeli singer. ...

See also

Prague Portal

Image File history File links Portal. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Infant Jesus of Prague Infant Jesus of Prague (Pražské jezulátko in Czech) is a famous statue of infant Jesus located in the Church of Our Lady Victorious in Malá Strana, Prague. ... For other uses, see Golem (disambiguation). ... The writing on this Prague street sign indicates it is in the Vinohrady cadastral area and the administrative and municipal district of Prague 3. ... Prague, capital of today Czech Republic, is for over thousand years center and biggest city of Czech lands. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The main entrance in a Saturday morning. ...

References

  1. ^ www.urbanaudit.org. Larger urban zone, Eurostat 2003. Retrieved on 2007-05-01.
  2. ^ whc.unesco.org. Advisory Body Evaluation. Retrieved on 2007-05-01.
  3. ^ a b www.radio.cz. Prague, sixth most visited city in Europe. Retrieved on 2006-11-26.
  4. ^ Prague Information Service
  5. ^ Regional GDP per inhabitant in the EU 27 (PDF), Eurostat, Retrieved July 07, 2007
  6. ^ www.praha-mesto.cz. Partner cities. Retrieved on 2007-04-20.
  7. ^ www.prazsky-dum.cz. Prague House. Retrieved on 2007-04-20.

Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 330th day of the year (331st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External Links and Readings

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Look up Prague in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
  • Official Website
  • Prague Public Transport Company - including traffic map and search
  • The Prague Post - the English-language newspaper in Prague
  • Prague tourist information videoportal
  • Prague travel guide from Wikitravel
  • Prague - sights, culture


  Results from FactBites:
 
A - PRAGUE.com - Prague Hotels & Prague Apartments accommodation (979 words)
Comfortable Prague hotel with a beautifully decorated neo-Renaissance facade and frescos originally from the 13th century is situated exactly in the heart of the Old Town.
Perfectly located Prague hotel right next to famous Charles Bridge is situated in historical house from year 1843 offers interesting possibility for Prague accommodation in the spacious rooms.
This Prague Hotel is situated on a very strategic place, in The Old Town, short walking distance to Wenceslas Square or Charles Bridge.
Prague - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3142 words)
Under Charles Prague was the capital of the Holy Roman Empire, and its rank was elevated to that of archbishopric.
The expulsion of Jews from Prague by Maria Theresa of Austria in 1745 based on their alleged collaboration with the Prussian army was a severe blow to the flourishing Jewish community.
Prague was henceforth the capital of a Communist Republic under the military and political control of the Soviet Union, and in 1955 it entered the Warsaw Pact.
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