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Encyclopedia > Pozzuoli
Comune di Pozzuoli

Municipal coat of arms
Country Italy
Region Campania
Province Naples (NA)
Mayor Vincenzo Figliolia
Elevation 28 m
Area 43 km²
Population
 - Total (as of December 31, 2004) 82,131
 - Density 1,832/km²
Time zone CET, UTC+1
Coordinates 40°49′N, 14°07′E
Gentilic Puteolani
Dialing code 081
Postal code 80078, 80014, 80125
Frazioni Arco Felice, Campana Annunziata, Licola Centro, Licola Lido, Lucrino, Montenuovo, Monterusciello, Pisciarelli, Toiano
Patron St. Proculus
 - Day November 16
Website: www.comune.pozzolu.na.it

Pozzuoli is a city of the province of Napoli, in the Italian region of Campania. It is the main city of the Phlegrean peninsula. Image File history File links Pozzuoli-Stemma. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... The Regions of Italy were granted a degree of regional autonomy in the 1948 constitution, which states that the constitutions role is: to recognize, protect and promote local autonomy, to ensure that services at the State level are as decentralized as possible, and to adapt the principles and laws... For other uses, see Campania (disambiguation). ... In Italy, a province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between municipality (comune) and region (regione). ... The province of Naples (Italian: Provincia di Napoli) is a province in the Campania region of Italy. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Here are a list of area codes in Italy. ... A frazione, in Italy, is the name given in administrative law to a type of territorial subdivision of a comune; for other subdivisions, see municipio, circoscrizione, quartiere. ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... Naples (It. ... For other uses, see Campania (disambiguation). ... Campi Flegrei (Burning Fields) is a large volcanic area situated in the west area of Napoli, Italy. ...

The Serapium of Pozzuoli (photo: kleuske).

Contents

ImageMetadata File history File links Serapium_pozzuoli_2005. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Serapium_pozzuoli_2005. ...

History

Pozzuoli began as the Greek colony of Dicaearchia. The Roman colony was established in 194 BC, and took the Latin name Puteoli 'little wells', referring to the many hot springs in the area, most notably in the Solfatara. This is due to the fact that Pozzuoli lies in the center of the Campi Flegrei, a caldera. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Colonies in antiquity were city-states founded from a mother-city, not from a territory-at-large. ... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC - 190s BC - 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC Years: 199 BC 198 BC 197 BC 196 BC 195 BC - 194 BC - 193 BC 192 BC... Puteoli, the ancient predecessor of Pozzuoli, was an Italian city of Roman times on the coast of Campania, on the north shore of a bay running north from the Bay of Naples. ... Green Dragon Spring at Norris Geyser A hot spring is a place where warm or hot groundwater issues from the ground on a regular basis for at least a predictable part of the year, and is significantly above the ambient ground temperature (which is usually around 55~57°F or... Solfatara are a type of hot spring commonly known as mud pots. ... Campi Flegrei (Burning Fields) is a large volcanic area situated in the west area of Napoli, Italy. ... Satellite image of Santorini. ...


Puteoli was the great emporium for the Alexandrian grain ships, and other ships from all over the Roman world. It also was the main hub for goods exported from Campania, including blown glass, mosaics, wrought iron, and marble. The Roman naval base at nearby Misenum housed the largest naval fleet in the ancient world. Alexandria (Greek: , Coptic: , Arabic: , Egyptian Arabic: Iskindireyya), (population of 3. ... This article is about cereals in general. ... For other uses, see Campania (disambiguation). ... Glass can be made transparent and flat, or into other shapes and colors as shown in this sphere from the Verrerie of Brehat in Brittany. ... This article is about a decorative art. ... General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Standard atomic weight 55. ... Venus de Milo, front. ... Roman trireme, a warship, 31 BC. Note the bank of oars (two on the hidden side), the square-rigged sails, the steering oars, the tower on deck, the ram at the prow, the ballistae and the Greek fire. ... Misemen is the site of an ancient port in Campania, in southern Italy. ...


The local volcanic sand formed the basis for the first effective concrete, as it reacted chemically with water. Instead of just evaporating slowly off, the water would turn this sand/lime mix into a mortar strong enough to bind lumps of aggregate into a load-bearing unit. This made possible the cupola of the Pantheon, the first real dome.


The apostle Paul landed here on his way to Rome, from which it was 170 miles distant. Here he stayed for seven days (Acts 28:13, 14) and then began with his companions his journey by the Appian Way to Rome. The Twelve Apostles (in Koine Greek απόστολος apostolos [1], someone sent forth/sent out, an emissary) were probably Galilean Jewish men (10 names are Aramaic, 4 names are Greek) chosen from among the disciples, who were sent forth by Jesus of Nazareth to preach the Gospel to both Jews and Gentiles... Paul of Tarsus (b. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... The path of the Via Appia and of the Via Appia Traiana. ...

Remains of Roman amphitheater in Puteoli.

Puteoli was the location for a spectacular stunt (in 37 AD) by the eccentric Caligula, who on becoming Emperor ordered a temporary floating bridge to be built using ships as pontoons, stretching for over two miles from the town to the famous neighboring resort of Baiae, across which he proceeded to ride his horse, in defiance of an astrologer's prediction that he had "no more chance of becoming Emperor than of riding a horse across the Gulf of Baiae." Image File history File links PuteoliAmphitheater. ... Image File history File links PuteoliAmphitheater. ... Events March 18 - The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius will and proclaims Caligula Roman Emperor. ... Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (August 31, 12 – January 24, 41), more commonly known by his nickname Caligula, was the third Roman Emperor and a member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, ruling from 37 to 41. ... Pontoon bridge across the James River at Richmond, Virginia, 1865. ... For the car body style, see Ponton (automobile). ... Baiae (Italian: Baia), in the Campania region of Italy on the Bay of Naples, today a frazione of the comune of Bacoli, was for several hundred years a fashionable and luxurious coastal resort, especially towards the end of the period of the Roman Republic. ... An astrologer practices one or more forms of astrology. ...


Saint Proculus (San Procolo) was martyred here with his companions in the fourth century, and is the city's patron saint. The seven eagle heads on the coat-of-arms for the town of Pozzuoli are said to represent seven of these martyrs. November 16 was the official feast day for Saint Proculus. St. Proculus was affectionately nicknamed 'u pisciasotto ("the pants-pisser") because November 16 was often a day of rain. The townspeople also celebrated his feast on the second Sunday in May.[1] Saint Proculus (Proclus) of Pozzuoli ( San Procolo) was martyred around 305 AD along with Saints Acutius, Eutyches (Eutychius), Gantiol, and Artemas. ... Saint Quentin is the patron saint of locksmiths and is also invoked against coughs and sneezes. ... A coat of arms or armorial bearings (often just arms for short), in European tradition, is a design belonging to a particular person (or group of people) and used by them in a wide variety of ways. ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... A distant Rain Rain is a type of precipitation which forms when separate drops of water fall to the Earths surface from clouds. ...


From August 1982 to December 1984 the city experienced hundreds of tremors and bradyseismic activity which reached a peak on October 4, 1983 damaging 8,000 buildings in the city center and dislocating 36,000 people, many permanently. The events raised the sea bottom by almost 2 m, and rendered the Bay of Pozzuoli too shallow for large craft. Bradyseismic activity is the rising and falling of the Earths surface due to volcanic and seismic causes. ... October 4 is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ...

Flavian amphitheathre, artist entrance. (photo: kleuske).
Fumarole in the Solfatara (photo: kleuske).

ImageMetadata File history File links Circus_flavio_pozzuoli_2005. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Circus_flavio_pozzuoli_2005. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Fumarole_solfatara_2005. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Fumarole_solfatara_2005. ...

Main sights

The town has a number of tourist attractions. These include:

  • The Macellum or Temple of Serapis, considered the city's symbol. The name dervies from the finding of a statue of the god Serapis in 1750. It includes three majestic columns in cipolin marble, which show erosion from mollusc when the soil's level was lower that in current times.
  • Amphitheatrum Flavium, the third in size in Italy after the Colosseum and the Capuan amphitheatre. It was built probably by the same architects who designed the Colosseum, slightly later of the latter, during the reigns of Vespasianus and Titus. It could contain up to 20,000 spectators. In the subterraneans are remains of the cogs used to raise the cages housing the wild animals for the spectacles. The structure has elliptic plan, measuring 147 x 117 meters. The arean proper measures 72.22 x 42.33 m.
  • Solfatara (volcanic crater with active fumaroles)
  • Forum
  • Sanctuary of San Gennaro (St. Januarius). It is one of the two places in which the alleged miracle of the liquefaction of the saint's blood occurs, together with the Cathedral of Naples.
  • Lake Averno, in which Virgil, in the 6th book of his Aeneid, placed the entrance of the Hell. The names derives from Greek, and means "Without Birds", referring to the absence of birds due to the sulfur gas that sprung from it. Nearby are the Temple of Apollo, the Grotto of the Cumaean Sibyl and Cocceiu's Grotto, a gallery carved by the Romans to connect Lucrino to Cumae. The latter was damaged during World War II and is no more visitable.
  • Lake Lucrino, in the omonymous frazione, not far from the former. It was also considered an infernal place, due to similar volcanic phenomena. It was a renowned resort in Roman times, including the villa of Cicero, which later held the remains of emperor Hadrian after his death. It is also cited in Pliny the Elder's Naturalis historia (ix, 25) as the home of a dolphin who had made friends with a child. According to Pliny, when the child fell ill and died, the dolphin died of broken heart also. The tale is considered the first known Urban legend.

Serapis can refer to: A series of British ships named HMS Serapis. ... Events March 2 - Small earthquake in London, England April 4 - Small earthquake in Warrington, England August 23 - Small earthquake in Spalding, England September 30 - Small earthquake in Northampton, England November 16 – Westminster Bridge officially opened Jonas Hanway is the first Englishman to use an umbrella James Gray reveals her sex... Venus de Milo, front. ... Venus de Milo, front. ... Classes Caudofoveata Aplacophora Polyplacophora - Chitons Monoplacophora Bivalvia - Bivalves Scaphopoda - Tusk shells Gastropoda - Snails and Slugs Cephalopoda - Squids, Octopuses, etc. ... The Colosseum by night: exterior view of the best-preserved section. ... Capua is a city in the province of Caserta, (Campania, Italy) situated 25 km (16 mi) north of Napoli, on the northeastern edge of the Campanian plain. ... The Colosseum in Rome, Italy. ... Imperator Caesar Vespasianus Augustus (November 17, 9 – June 23, 79), known originally as Titus Flavius Vespasianus and usually referred to in English as Vespasian, was emperor of Rome from 69 to 79. ... For other uses, see Titus (disambiguation). ... Sulfur at the solfatara crater Solfatara is a shallow volcanic crater at Pozzuoli, near Naples, and is part of the Campi Flegrei volcanic area. ... The Forum of Jerash, in Jordan. ... Saint Januarius, or San Gennaro, bishop of Benevento, is a saint and martyr in both the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox traditions. ... The 17th century apse. ... Publius Vergilius Maro (October 15, 70 BC – September 21, 19 BC), later called Virgilius, and known in English as Virgil or Vergil, was a classical Roman poet, the author of the Eclogues, the Georgics and the substantially completed Aeneid, the last being an epic poem of twelve books that became... Aeneas flees burning Troy, Federico Barocci, 1598 Galleria Borghese, Rome The Aeneid (IPA English pronunciation: ; in Latin Aeneis, pronounced — the title is Greek in form: genitive case Aeneidos): is a Latin epic written by Virgil in the 1st century BCE (between 29 and 19 BCE) that tells the legendary story... Michelangelos rendering of the Cumaean Sibyl The Cumaean Sibyl was the priestess presiding over the Apollonian oracle at Cumae, a Greek colony located near Naples, Italy. ... A frazione, in Italy, is the name given in administrative law to a type of territorial subdivision of a comune; for other subdivisions, see municipio, circoscrizione, quartiere. ... Cicero at about age 60, from an ancient marble bust Marcus Tullius Cicero (IPA:Classical Latin pronunciation: , usually pronounced in American English or in British English; January 3, 106 BC – December 7, 43 BC) was a Roman statesman, lawyer, political theorist, philosopher, widely considered one of Romes greatest orators... Publius Aelius Traianus Hadrianus (January 24, 76 – July 10, 138), known as Hadrian in English was Roman emperor from 117 – 138, as well as a Stoic and Epicurean philosopher. ... Pliny the Elder: an imaginative 19th Century portrait. ... Naturalis Historia Pliny the Elders Natural History is an encyclopedia written by Pliny the Elder. ... An urban legend or urban myth is similar to a modern folklore consisting of stories often thought to be factual by those circulating them. ...

Famous people

Dictator is originally the title of a magistrate in ancient Rome appointed by the Senate to rule the state in times of emergency. ... Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix (Latin: L·CORNELIVS·L·F·P·N·SVLLA·FELIX)[1] (ca. ... Sophia Loren in 1955. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... A 19th century picture of Paul of Tarsus Paul of Tarsus (originally Saul of Tarsus) or Saint Paul the Apostle (fl. ...

Transportation

It is easily reached by train from Naples, on the metro 'Linea 2'. “Napoli” redirects here. ...


Twinnings

Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Agios Dimitrios, Aghios Dimitrios or Ayios Dimitrios (Greek: Άγιος Δημήτριος meaning Saint Demetrius) is a suburb in the southern part of Athens, Greece. ... Athens (Greek: Αθήνα - Athína) is the largest city and capital of Greece, located in the Attica periphery of central Greece. ...

Neighbouring communes

Country Italy Region Campania Province Province of Naples (NA) Mayor Elevation 30 m Area 13. ... Giugliano in Campania is a town in the province of Napoli, Campania, Italy. ... Country Italy Region Campania Province Province of Naples (NA) Mayor Elevation m Area 3. ... “Napoli” redirects here. ... ...

Bibliography

  • Paolo Amalfitano and others, I Campi Flegrei, Venice 1990
  • Piero Alfredo Gianfrotta, Fabio Maniscalco (eds.), Forma Maris. Forum Internazionale di Archeologia Subacquea, Puteoli 1998
  • Puteoli. Studi di Storia Romana

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Diocese of Pozzuoli (661 words)
The city of Pozzuoli in the province of Naples, southern Italy, on the gulf of the same name, was founded by the Cumæans, whose port it became, under the name of Dicæarchia.
In 1014 Pozzuoli was taken by the Neapolitans, and later passed, with Naples, into the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.
The object of greatest interest at Pozzuoli, however, are the sulphur caves, the "forum Vulcani" of the ancients, which, through crevices in the earth exude sulphuretted hydrogen and sulphurous acid.
State v. Pozzuoli (1136 words)
Pozzuoli contends that the trial court committed obvious error when it instructed the jury regarding the elements of offensive physical contact, and that the jury's verdicts are logically irreconcilable.
In the summer of 1994 Pozzuoli suggested that the victim, one of Pozzuoli's students who was then eleven years old, attend a week-long gymnastics camp in Maine.
Pozzuoli then licked the victim's hand and touched the lower part of his legs at which point the victim kicked Pozzuoli in the neck to make him stop.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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