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Encyclopedia > Powerlifting

Powerlifting is a strength sport, consisting of three events: the squat, the bench press, and the deadlift. The squat is a lower body exercise used in strength training. ... A soldier performs a bench press The bench press is a form of weightlifting which primarily focuses on the development of the pectoralis major muscle as well as other supporting muscles. ... The Deadlift is a weight training exercise where one lifts a loaded barbell (or, in the case of the trapbar deadlift, a loaded trapbar) off the ground from a stabilized bent-over position. ...

Contents

Competition Format

A powerlifting competition takes place as follows:[1]

Each competitor is allowed three attempts on each lift. The lifter’s best valid attempt on each lift counts toward his competition total. If two or more lifters achieve the same total, the lighter lifter ranks above the heavier lifter.

Competitors are judged against other lifters of the same gender, weight class, and age. This helps to ensure that the accomplishments of lifters like Lamar Gant, who deadlifted five times his own weight, are recognized alongside those of Andy Bolton, the current World Powerlifting Organization squat, deadlift, and three-lift world record holder. Comparisons of lifters and scores across different weight classes can also be made using handicapping systems such as the Wilks formula.[1] This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Lamar Gant (born 1957) is an American world record-holding powerlifter. ... Andy Bolton is an English powerlifter from Leeds, UK. He currently holds the world record for the Deadlift at 1003 lbs / 455kg, (WPO Semi-Finals, Lake George, New York, Nov 2006). ... Handicapping, in sport and games, is the practice of assigning advantage through scoring compensation or other advantage given to different contestants to equalize the chances of winning. ...


Events

Squat

Main article: Squat (exercise)

The athlete stands under a racked barbell which is loaded with weight. Grabbing the bar from behind, the bar is put onto the top of the back, resting on the trapezius muscles. The athlete walks clear of the rack (unless competing in a federation using a "monolift", a device which supports the bar in place until the lifter is ready), and squats down until the top of the thigh at the hip joint is lower than the top of the knee. Although the bottom position is sometimes described as having the thigh "below parallel" to the floor, the lower thigh may not necessarily appear to be beneath parallel. The lifter then stands up again, and carefully returns the weight to the rack. Disqualification results from the bar making any downward movement after the lifter has started upwards, if the spotters touch the bar in any way, if the lifter does not descend far enough, or if the lifter makes no effort to re-rack the weight under his or her own power. The squat is a lower body exercise used in strength training. ... A U.S. Army soldier uses a barbell with Olympic plates (but no collars) to perform a bench press. ... Trapezius In human anatomy, the trapezius is a large superficial muscle on a persons back. ... In humans the thigh is the area between the pelvis and buttocks and the knee. ... Bones of the Hip In anatomy, the hip is the bony projection of the femur, known as the greater trochanter, and the overlying muscle and fat. ... For other uses, see Knee (disambiguation). ...


Bench Press

Main article: Bench press

The athlete lies on a bench. A loaded barbell rests on stands built into the bench above the eye level of the lifter when lying supine on the bench. The athlete removes the bar from the supports with the aid of one or more spotters, lowers it to the chest, pauses, and then presses it up to the full extension of the arms, then carefully returns the weight to the rack. Disqualification results if the bar is placed too low on the body (varies by federation), if the bar does not pause on the chest before being lifted upward (in some federations, an explicit "press" command is given, and the athlete cannot lift upwards until it is given), if the bar fails to touch the chest, if the bar hits the uprights of the rack on the ascent, or if the bar makes any downward motion during the ascent. In addition, the lift is nullified if the feet move during the lift, if the buttocks lift off the bench, or if the body makes any extraneous movement during the lift. A soldier performs a bench press The bench press is a form of weightlifting which primarily focuses on the development of the pectoralis major muscle as well as other supporting muscles. ... Spotting, in weight or resistance training, is the act of supporting another person during a particular exercise, with an emphasis on allowing the participant to lift or push more than he could normally do safely. ... Male Chest The chest is a part of the anatomy of humans and various other animals. ... Bottom commonly refers to the human buttocks but also has other uses. ...

Powerlifter Scot Mendelson on the cover of Powerlifting USA

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 464 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (580 × 750 pixel, file size: 50 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author: Magazine Powerlifting USA This image is of a magazine cover, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by either the... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 464 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (580 × 750 pixel, file size: 50 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author: Magazine Powerlifting USA This image is of a magazine cover, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by either the... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Biographies, Books, Companies, Fiction, Music, Neologisms, Numbers, Web content, or several proposals for new guidelines. ...

Deadlift

Main article: Deadlift

A loaded barbell is placed on the floor. The athlete reaches down, grasps the bar, and lifts it until the legs and back are straight and upright, and the chest proud. The bar is then returned to the floor in a controlled manner normally at the command of one of the judges. The end of the lift is referred to as 'locking out', which means to straighten the back and lock the knees into a balanced position. Disqualification results from the athlete failing to stand completely upright, or if the bar makes any downward motion during the ascent, or for using the thighs to assist the lift (hitching). Many judges have been known to disqualify lifters who drop the bar to the floor after the lift is finished, due to the danger involved in dropping such a heavy amount of weight and the fact that it damages the floor of the gyms that meets are commonly held in. The current world record is held by Andy Bolton (Great Britain) with 1003lbs, although records vary according to federation, where different gear is alowed and there are different policies for drug usage. The Deadlift is a weight training exercise where one lifts a loaded barbell (or, in the case of the trapbar deadlift, a loaded trapbar) off the ground from a stabilized bent-over position. ... Illustration of a human back from Grays Anatomy. ...

Powerlifting vs. Weightlifting

In contrast to classical Olympic weightlifting events, where an athlete raises a barbell from the floor to over his head, powerlifting movements are shorter. While both disciplines demand high levels of force production, weightlifting actually focuses more directly on the rapid force produced by dynamic efforts, meaning that "powerlifting" is really something of a misnomer. The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... This article is about the sport of weightlifting. ...


The two sports are largely separated by geography, with Olympic weightlifting being more popular in Eastern Europe and Asia (Russia, Turkey, Iran, China, and others), while powerlifting is more popular in Western Europe and North America. However, support for powerlifting is growing worldwide, with Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Indonesia, and Taiwan producing World Champions and World Record holders.

Powerlifting and the Olympics

The multiplicity of federations and rules, the behind-the-scenes politics of Olympic certification, and the use and/or abuse of competition gear makes the inclusion of the sport in the Olympics unlikely.[citation needed] However, powerlifting is a part of the World Games, which is patronized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The International Powerlifting Federation (IPF) runs worldwide events and aims to standardise an international competition, and is at the forefront of these kinds of efforts. IWGA logo The World Games, first held in 1981, are an international multi-sport event, meant for sports that are not contested in the Olympic Games. ... Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ... The International Powerlifting Federation is the international governing body for the sport of powerlifting as recognized by the International Olympic Committee. ...

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ...

Controversy and recognition

There have been many controversies in the sport of powerlifting, creating division into the different organizations and limiting the sports mainstream involvement as a widespread standardized sport or being an Olympic event.[citation needed] One of the greatest controversies is over the use of assistance clothing/gear. Many purists believe that assistance equipment reduces powerlifting as a pure limit strength sport. Others feel equipment companies bring money into the sport in the form of sponsorship of lifters and events plus equipment use reduces injuries. Furthering the complication is not only the use of gear itself, but the stance the main powerlifting organizations take on its use. For example, some federations such as the IPF allow the use of single ply polyester squat and deadlift suits, and single ply polyester bench shirts, while the WPO allows multi ply squat and deadlift suits and multi ply bench shirts made from anything from canvas to denim. Another is over the growing use of performance enhancing drugs and the inconsistencies between federations testing for them. At the 2000 Summer Paralympics nine powerlifters were ejected from the Games after positive tests in one of the worst cases of cheating at the Paralympic Games. In addition to these larger problems are small issues with technique such as how long the bar should pause at the bottom of the bench press or the depth that a lifter must squat a weight. SEM picture of a bend in a high surface area polyester fiber with a seven-lobed cross section Polyester is a category of polymers, or, more specifically condensation polymers, which contain the ester functional group in their main chain. ... Look up Canvas in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the material denim. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... See also: 2000 Summer Olympics External links Sydney 2000 Paralympic Games - archived websites in PANDORA Categories: Summer Paralympic Games | Australian sport | 2000 in sports ... Cheating at the Paralympic Games has caused scandals that have significantly changed the way in which the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) run the events. ...

Organizations

Although powerlifting always uses the squat, bench press and deadlift as events, different federations have different rules and different interpretations of the rules, leading to a myriad of variations. Some federations, such as the ADAU and 100% Raw Federation, allow no supportive gear to be worn by the lifter. Some, such as the IPF and AAU, only allow a single-ply tight polyester squat suit, deadlift suit and bench shirt, wraps for knees and wrists, and a belt. Other federations, such as the IPA and WPO, allow opened or closed back bench shirts, multi-ply gear, and a wide array of gear materials such as canvas, denim, polyester etc. - The Amateur Athletic Union, widely known as the AAU, was formed in United States. ... SEM picture of a bend in a high surface area polyester fiber with a seven-lobed cross section Polyester is a category of polymers, or, more specifically condensation polymers, which contain the ester functional group in their main chain. ...


In an IPF bench press, the barbell can go as low as the xiphoid process and no further in the lift, whereas in other federations, the barbell can touch the abdomen. (This shortens the distance in which the barbell is moved and is an advantage to the lifter.) The xiphoid process is a small cartilaginous extension to the lower part of the sternum which is usually ossified in the adult human. ... For the human abdomen, see human abdomen. ...


References

  1. ^ International Powerlifting Federation 2007 Technical RulesPDF (355 KiB) (PDF), p. 2. Retrieved August 12th, 2007.

“PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... Image File history File links Broom_icon. ...

External links

  • - French benchpress hall of fame
  • - Powerlifting Video
  • French Site on powerlifting
  • Bench Press and Powerlifting Blog
  • The World powerlifting database of results, records and powerlifters with advanced search
  • IronScene Powerlifting Videos - videos of powerlifting attempts and competitions from around the world.
  • Powerlifting Video Podcast
  • IPF - International Powerlifting Federation Official Website
  • USAPL Powerlfting - America's Top Drug Tested Powerlifting Federation
  • http://home.vicnet.net.au/~capo/ -Council of Australian Powerlifting Organisations- C.A.P.O. (WPC Affiliate)
  • Powerlfting Australia - Australia's IPF-affiliated powerlifting organisation
  • Comprehensive history of powerlifting
  • Search for powerlifting meets
  • powermagonline.com - Michael Soong's Men's Powerlifting World Records
  • Powerlifting reference videos
  • Team Taylor - New York State Powerlifting
  • - USPF Powerlifting California
  • - USA Powerlifting Message board
  • - NASA "Real Drug Free Powerlifting, Bench Press, Power Sports© and Push Pull Events where the Lifter does the lifting, supportive equipment is restricted to single ply and true Powerlifting Rules are enforced!"
  • pics and videos of powerlifter

  Results from FactBites:
 
World Powerlifting Congress (186 words)
We provide competitive and outstanding Powerlifting meets, and are successfully known as "a lifter's organization".
The international arm of the APF is the World Powerlifting Congress.
The only difference between the two is that the Amateur World Powerlifting Congress or AWPC is tested; all other rules are the same.
Bodybuilding.com - Curtis Dennis Jr. - Beginning Powerlifting! (1927 words)
Powerlifting involves the display of strength through three exercises: the squat, the bench press, and the deadlift.
For one, most powerlifting meets ban the "false-grip" (where the thumbs are on the same side as the fingers.) bench because the risk of the bar moving off the hands during the lift.
Powerlifting is a great sport to get into and everyone will like it a lot simply because of the display of strength that's usually seen.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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